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Subjective well being happiness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598498/happy-to-be-me-authenticity-psychological-need-satisfaction-and-subjective-well-being-in-adolescence
#1
Sander Thomaes, Constantine Sedikides, Nellie van den Bos, Roos Hutteman, Albert Reijntjes
Adolescents have a strong desire to "be themselves." How does experiencing authenticity-the sense of being one's true self-influence subjective well-being? What allows adolescents to experience authenticity? This research tests a working model of how authenticity is implicated in adolescents' well-being. Using survey, diary, and experimental methodologies, four studies (total N = 759, age range = 12-17) supported the main tenets of the model. Authenticity (a) enhances well-being, (b) covaries with satisfaction of psychological needs for relatedness and competence; is caused by satisfaction of the need for autonomy; and (c) mediates the link between need satisfaction and well-being...
June 9, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574301/wellbeing-the-challenge-of-operationalising-an-holistic-concept-within-a-reductionist-public-health-programme
#2
Mark Dooris, Alan Farrier, Lynn Froggett
Wellbeing is a concept that, while contested, recognises individual and wider social, economic, political and environmental contextual influences - and is of growing interest and relevance locally and globally. In this article, we report on one aspect of an evaluative research study conducted on a public health programme in North West England. AIMS: Within the context of a process evaluation that explored the delivery of a public health programme and sought to increase understanding of how and why different approaches worked well or not so well, this article focuses specifically on the concept of wellbeing, examining perceptions of multiple stakeholders...
June 1, 2017: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570691/memory-for-faces-and-voices-varies-as-a-function-of-sex-and-expressed-emotion
#3
Diana S Cortes, Petri Laukka, Christina Lindahl, Håkan Fischer
We investigated how memory for faces and voices (presented separately and in combination) varies as a function of sex and emotional expression (anger, disgust, fear, happiness, sadness, and neutral). At encoding, participants judged the expressed emotion of items in forced-choice tasks, followed by incidental Remember/Know recognition tasks. Results from 600 participants showed that accuracy (hits minus false alarms) was consistently higher for neutral compared to emotional items, whereas accuracy for specific emotions varied across the presentation modalities (i...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551715/direct-comparison-of-the-acute-subjective-emotional-autonomic-and-endocrine-effects-of-mdma-methylphenidate-and-modafinil-in-healthy-subjects
#4
Patrick C Dolder, Felix Müller, Yasmin Schmid, Stefan J Borgwardt, Matthias E Liechti
RATIONALE: 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) is used recreationally and investigated as an adjunct to psychotherapy. Methylphenidate and modafinil are psychostimulants that are used to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and narcolepsy, respectively, but they are also misused as cognitive enhancers. Little is known about differences in the acute effects of equally cardiostimulant doses of these stimulant-type substances compared directly within the same subjects. METHODS: We investigated the acute autonomic, subjective, endocrine, and emotional effects of single doses of MDMA (125 mg), methylphenidate (60 mg), modafinil (600 mg), and placebo in a double-blind, cross-over study in 24 healthy participants...
May 27, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480971/too-much-of-a-good-thing-exploring-the-inverted-u-relationship-between-self-control-and-happiness
#5
Christopher W Wiese, Louis Tay, Angela L Duckworth, Sidney D'Mello, Lauren Kuykendall, Wilhelm Hofmann, Roy F Baumeister, Kathleen D Vohs
OBJECTIVE: Can having too much self-control make people unhappy? Researchers have increasingly questioned the unilateral goodness of self-control and proposed that it is beneficial only up to a certain point, after which it becomes detrimental. The little empirical research on the issue shows mixed results. Hence, we tested whether a curvilinear relationship between self-control and subjective well-being exists. METHOD: We used multiple metrics (questionnaires, behavioral ratings), sources (self-report, other-report), and methods (cross-sectional measurement, dayreconstruction method, experience sampling method) across six studies (Ntotal  = 5,318)...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435818/dogmatism-and-happiness
#6
Maryam Malmir, Mohammad Khanahmadi, Dariush Farhud
BACKGROUND: Happiness is a drive and constructive force of life. A person feels wellbeing under different effective factors. Religious dogmatism that has an influence on the entire world is one of the depreciatory factors of happiness or wellbeing. The current study decided to analyze the relation between dogmatism and wellbeing, and according to a model, answer the following question: how does religious dogmatism decrease wellbeing? METHODS: This study is a correlation research...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394218/poor-sleep-in-adults-with-pediatric-onset-spinal-cord-injury-associations-with-pain-health-and-activity
#7
Alicia M January, Kathy Zebracki, Kathleen M Chlan, Lawrence C Vogel
OBJECTIVE: To investigate medical complications that increase risk for poor sleep in adults with pediatric-onset spinal cord injury (SCI) and explore the relation of poor sleep to psychosocial outcomes. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study of individuals with pediatric-onset SCI interviewed between 2011-2015. Participants were recruited from a pediatric specialty hospital and answered questions about demographics, injury characteristics, pain, and medical complications and completed standardized outcome measures, including: Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, SF12v2 Health Survey, Craig Handicap Assessment and Recording Technique (CHART), and Subjective Happiness Scale...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392302/don-t-worry-be-happy-neural-correlates-of-the-influence-of-musically-induced-mood-on-self-evaluation
#8
Sarah Oetken, Katharina D Pauly, Ruben C Gur, Frank Schneider, Ute Habel, Anna Pohl
Self-evaluation affects one's own mental state, social interactions and everyday life. Mood, in turn, has an impact on self-evaluation. However, the influence of mood on self-evaluation at the neural level has barely been examined. In this fMRI study, the interaction of mood and self-perception was investigated in 20 healthy participants. Happy, sad and neutral music was presented while participants were instructed to immerse themselves in the mood of the music and to rate how well presented traits characterized themselves...
April 7, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316576/nencki-affective-picture-system-cross-cultural-study-in-europe-and-iran
#9
Monika Riegel, Abnoos Moslehi, Jarosław M Michałowski, Łukasz Żurawski, Marko Horvat, Marek Wypych, Katarzyna Jednoróg, Artur Marchewka
Although emotions have been assumed conventionally to be universal, recent studies have suggested that various aspects of emotions may be mediated by cultural background. The purpose of our research was to test these contradictory views, in the case of the subjective evaluation of visual affective stimuli. We also sought to validate the recently introduced Nencki Affective Picture System (NAPS) database on a different cultural group. Since there has been, to date, no attempt to compare the emotions of a culturally distinct sample of Iranians with those of Europeans, subjective ratings were collected from 40 Iranians and 39 Europeans...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282724/psychometric-properties-of-the-casp-12-in-a-spanish-older-community-dwelling-sample
#10
Gema Pérez-Rojo, Noemy Martín, Cristina Noriega, Javier López
OBJECTIVE: Current studies have shown that older people's quality of life (QoL) is more associated to individual's sense of happiness and subjective life satisfaction than to objective problems. CASP scale conceptualizes QoL based on a psycho-sociological perspective. Originally, CASP consisted of 19 items (four factors: Control, Autonomy, Self-realization and Pleasure). Later, it was proposed a shorter version (12 items and three factors). The aim of this study was to assess the structure of the CASP-12 SHARE version using confirmatory factor analysis...
February 28, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213189/is-heart-rate-variability-hrv-an-adequate-tool-for-evaluating-human-emotions-a-focus-on-the-use-of-the-international-affective-picture-system-iaps
#11
Kwang-Ho Choi, Junbeom Kim, O Sang Kwon, Min Ji Kim, Yeon Hee Ryu, Ji-Eun Park
Because human emotion varies greatly among individuals and is a qualitative factor, measuring it with any degree of accuracy is very difficult. Heart rate variability (HRV), which is used in evaluations of the autonomic nervous system (ANS), is used to evaluate human emotions. This study examines the validity of HRV as a tool to evaluate emotions using the International Affective Picture System (IAPS). For experimentation, five photos were selected for each of the categories of "happy," "unhappy", and "neutral" from among the images provided by the IAPS...
May 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181474/big-five-personality-trait-short-questionnaire-preliminary-validation-with-spanish-adults
#12
Generós Ortet, Tania Martínez, Laura Mezquita, Julien Morizot, Manuel I Ibáñez
There are two major advantages of the Big Five Personality Trait Short Questionnaire (BFPTSQ) over other non-commercial short Five-Factor Model personality measures: widen conceptual breadth, and its use in both adolescents and adults. The aim of this study was to explore the psychometric properties of this questionnaire in an adult Spanish sample. Factor, convergent (using the NEO-PI-R), and criterion (using scales that assess happiness and alcohol consumption) validities, internal consistency as well as test-retest reliabilities of the BFPTSQ were evaluated...
February 9, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178328/measuring-the-frequency-of-emotions-validation-of-the-scale-of-positive-and-negative-experience-spane-in-germany
#13
Tobias Rahm, Elke Heise, Mirijam Schuldt
The Scale of Positive and Negative Experience (SPANE) measures the frequency of positive and negative affect. It consists of two subscales, one for positive and one for negative affect with six adjectives each and assesses a broad range of emotions. In this study, the psychometric properties of the German version of the scale were explored with reliability and confirmatory factorial analysis by using a German sample of N = 498. To examine the convergent validity of the SPANE we correlated its subscales with other well-being and happiness measures...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156476/assessment-of-the-relationship-between-three-cancer-survivor-well-being-tools
#14
Mary Jo Deprey, Stuart Chamovitz, Marty Jacobson, Kathleen Hall
74 Background: In 1999, the National Comprehensive Cancer Network issued guidelines for improving well-being of cancer survivors. Three tools, the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status (ECOGPS), the National Comprehensive Cancer Network Distress Thermometer (NCCNDT), and the Subjective Happiness Scale (SHS), are currently being used in a rural oncology survivorship clinic to assess patients' well-being. The question arose whether all three tools are necessary for adequate patient assessment...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134540/decentering-in-the-process-of-cultivating-mindfulness-an-experience-sampling-study-in-time-and-context
#15
Adi Shoham, Pavel Goldstein, Ravit Oren, David Spivak, Amit Bernstein
OBJECTIVE: Through intensive experience sampling, we studied the practice and development of mindfulness as a dynamic process in time and context. We focused on role(s) and salutary function(s) of mindfulness and decentering for emotional experience over the course of mindfulness practice and development. METHOD: Eighty-two meditation-naive adults from the general community, 52% women, Mage (SD) = 25.05 (3.26) years, participated in a 1-month, 6-session, Mahasi-based mindfulness-training intervention (Mahasi, 1978)...
February 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129091/increasing-overall-well-being-is-salient-in-treating-homelessness
#16
Jennifer Coleman
Homeless treatment programs have focused on physical solutions rather than attending to all aspects of well-being. Support services that address overall well-being have demonstrated effectiveness. Previous research suggests that overall well-being is defined as satisfaction within all life spheres. Objective life indices have been the primary evidence of success among various programs, which include food, housing, income, leisure, health, access to psychiatric and medical services, and maintenance of positive support networks...
April 3, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126114/the-new-income-inequality-and-well-being-paradigm-inequality-has-no-effect-on-happiness-in-rich-nations-and-normal-times-varied-effects-in-extraordinary-circumstances-increases-happiness-in-poor-nations-and-interacts-with-individuals-perceptions-attitudes-politics
#17
Jonathan Kelley, M D R Evans
Based on earlier, mainly aggregate analyses, conventional wisdom previously held that income inequality reduces happiness. But aggregate models consistently yield misleading results in this domain, substantially because of intractable problems of sample size, confounding omitted variables, and conditional effects differing between poor developing nations, rich advanced nations, and nations in transition from Communism. Based on more recent evidence, scholarly views are beginning to merge on a consensus that national income inequality is irrelevant to individuals' subjective well-being in advanced nations and normal times, as shown by multi-level models with appropriate controls (including socioeconomic development, an engine of happiness and foe of inequality)...
February 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116783/bayesian-analysis-of-longitudinal-multitrait-multimethod-data-with-ordinal-response-variables
#18
Jana Holtmann, Tobias Koch, Johannes Bohn, Michael Eid
A new multilevel latent state graded response model for longitudinal multitrait-multimethod (MTMM) measurement designs combining structurally different and interchangeable methods is proposed. The model allows researchers to examine construct validity over time and to study the change and stability of constructs and method effects based on ordinal response variables. We show how Bayesian estimation techniques can address a number of important issues that typically arise in longitudinal multilevel MTMM studies and facilitates the estimation of the model presented...
February 2017: British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114770/better-late-than-early-marital-timing-and-subjective-well-being-in-midlife
#19
Matthew D Johnson, Harvey J Krahn, Nancy L Galambos
Drawing on data from 405 Canadian adults surveyed as high school seniors (Age 18) and again in midlife (Age 43), the present study examined whether marital timing, a variable rooted in the age norm hypothesis (whether marriage was early, on time, or late in relation to peers), might contribute additional insight into the well-documented association between marital status and subjective well-being (SWB; happiness, symptoms of depression, and self-esteem). The analysis also considered 3 alternative explanations of the marriage-SWB link: the social selection hypothesis, social role theory, and the adaptation perspective...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052069/happier-people-live-more-active-lives-using-smartphones-to-link-happiness-and-physical-activity
#20
Neal Lathia, Gillian M Sandstrom, Cecilia Mascolo, Peter J Rentfrow
Physical activity, both exercise and non-exercise, has far-reaching benefits to physical health. Although exercise has also been linked to psychological health (e.g., happiness), little research has examined physical activity more broadly, taking into account non-exercise activity as well as exercise. We examined the relationship between physical activity (measured broadly) and happiness using a smartphone application. This app has collected self-reports of happiness and physical activity from over ten thousand participants, while passively gathering information about physical activity from the accelerometers on users' phones...
2017: PloS One
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