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Subjective well being happiness

Ying Yang, Wenqi Li, Kennon M Sheldon, Yu Kou
This study aims to investigate the relationship between social dominance orientation (SDO) and subjective well-being among Chinese adolescents (N = 4246), and to examine the mediating role of prosocial behaviour in this relationship. The structural equation model's results showed that SDO was negatively associated with prosocial behaviour and subjective well-being, that prosocial behaviour was positively associated with subjective well-being, and also that (low) prosocial behaviour partially mediated the negative relationship between SDO and subjective well-being...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
Mohsen Joshanloo
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Valuing happiness, negative life circumstances, and neuroticism have been found to negatively predict subjective well-being (SWB). It was hypothesized that holding fragility of happiness beliefs (the belief that happiness is fleeting and may easily turn into less favorable states) would moderate the relationships between these predictors and SWB. METHODS: The sample consisted of 338 Korean participants who responded to an online survey (Mage = 26...
January 3, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
C J Xu, Y Xiao, N Pan, J Ye, Q X Lin, Y Jin
Objective: To investigate the influence of job burnout on subjective well-being and health status among employees in China. Methods: The data from the 2014 China Labor-force Dynamic Survey were used to analyze the association of job burnout with subjective well-being and health status among 7289 employees aged 18-64 years from 29 provinces in China.Some items from the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey were used to investigate job burnout; subjective well-being assessment included life happiness and degree of satisfaction with living condition; the questions for self-evaluation of health status were used to analyze health status...
October 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
Sarah Saperia, Susana Da Silva, Ishraq Siddiqui, Krysta McDonald, Ofer Agid, Gary Remington, George Foussias
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that, despite marked functional impairments, remitted first episode patients with schizophrenia report levels of well-being that are comparable to healthy controls. The aim of the current study was to specifically evaluate self-reported happiness, life satisfaction and success in individuals with schizophrenia beyond their first-episode of psychosis, and to investigate the impact of symptoms and functioning on these subjective experiences. METHODS: Fifty-one schizophrenia patients and 56 matched healthy controls participated in the study...
November 22, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
M S C Lim, C Cappa, G C Patton
Background: Subjective well-being incorporates elements of life satisfaction, happiness and optimism. It is increasingly relevant in the assessment of population health and economic development. There are strong continuities in well-being from youth into later life. Despite its significance, few global surveys capture subjective well-being. This paper describes patterns of well-being among young people in five Eastern European countries [Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Serbia and Ukraine] and investigates association between demographic factors and well-being...
2017: Global Mental Health
Jack Lam, Joan Garcia
Using 2012/13 American Time Use Survey, we find as compared to non-caregivers, caregivers report less time on personal care, social activities and sports and more time on housework. They also report higher stress and lower happiness when engaged in daily activities. Further, using diary information which captures activities during a 24-hour window, we compare caregivers on days they provide care and caregivers on days they do not provide care. Caregivers report more time on housework and less on paid work, and higher levels of sadness when engaged in daily activities...
March 2017: International Journal of Care and Caring
Nicholas R Buttrick, Samantha J Heintzelman, Shigehiro Oishi
Income inequality is on the rise across the globe - an increasingly small portion of individuals control an increasingly large portion of wealth. Importantly, this inequality is associated with lower levels of happiness for citizens. In this paper, we review evidence regarding the psychological nature of this relationship. We examine central mechanisms that explain the link between income inequality and subjective well-being, including anxiety from status competition, mistrust, and hopes and fears about the future...
December 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
Christina J Mueller, Corey N White, Lars Kuchinke
The goal of this study was to replicate findings of diffusion model parameters capturing emotion effects in a lexical decision task and investigating whether these findings extend to other tasks of implicit emotion processing. Additionally, we were interested in the stability of diffusion model parameters across emotional stimuli and tasks for individual subjects. Responses to words in a lexical decision task were compared with responses to faces in a gender categorization task for stimuli of the emotion categories: happy, neutral and fear...
November 27, 2017: Psychological Research
Christopher L Striemer, Robert L Whitwell, Melvyn A Goodale
Previous research suggests that the implicit recognition of emotional expressions may be carried out by pathways that bypass primary visual cortex (V1) and project to the amygdala. Some of the strongest evidence supporting this claim comes from case studies of "affective blindsight" in which patients with V1 damage can correctly guess whether an unseen face was depicting a fearful or happy expression. In the current study, we report a new case of affective blindsight in patient MC who is cortically blind following extensive bilateral lesions to V1, as well as face and object processing regions in her ventral visual stream...
November 11, 2017: Neuropsychologia
Xin Zhang, Xiaobo Zhang, Xi Chen
Previous studies evaluating the welfare cost of air pollution have not paid much attention to its potential effect on mental health and subjective well-being (SWB). This paper attempts to fill the gap by investigating the impact of air pollution on several key dimensions, including mental health status, depressive symptoms, moment-to-moment happiness, and evaluative happiness. We match a nationwide longitudinal survey in China with local air quality and rich weather conditions according to the exact time and place of survey...
September 2017: Journal of Environmental Economics and Management
M Myrskylä, K Barclay, A Goisis
BACKGROUND: In high-income countries childbearing has been increasingly postponed since the 1970s and it is crucial to understand the consequences of this demographic shift. The literature has tended to characterize later motherhood as a significant health threat for children and parents. OBJECTIVES: We contribute to this debate by reviewing recent evidence suggesting that an older maternal age can also have positive effects. MATERIALS: Literature linking the age at parenthood with the sociodemographic characteristics of the parents, with macrolevel interactions, and with subjective well-being...
2017: Der Gynäkologe
M Rodriguez-Ayllon, C Cadenas-Sanchez, I Esteban-Cornejo, J H Migueles, J Mora-Gonzalez, P Henriksson, M Martín-Matillas, A Mena-Molina, P Molina-García, F Estévez-López, G M Enriquez, J C Perales, J R Ruiz, A Catena, F B Ortega
OBJECTIVES: To examine the associations of physical fitness (i.e. cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular strength, and speed/agility) with psychological distress and psychological well-being in overweight/obese pre-adolescent children. DESIGN: 110 overweight/obese children (10.0±1.1years old, 61 boys) from the ActiveBrains project ( participated in this cross-sectional study. METHODS: Physical fitness was evaluated by the ALPHA battery test...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Luo Lu, Shu-Fang Kao
We examined effects of life stress and control beliefs on a constellation of subjective indicators of well-being for older people, including meaning in life, happiness, peace of mind, and positive aging perception. The Chinese cultural background provided the sociocultural milieu for the present study. In a longitudinal study, 301 older Chinese adults completed a questionnaire survey twice, 6 months apart. Regression analyses found that stress caused by major life-changing events (acute) and financial hardship (chronic) were consistent negative predictors of all well-being indicators...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
Kayonda Hubert Ngamaba, Maria Panagioti, Christopher J Armitage
Background: Health status is widely considered to be closely associated with subjective well-being (SWB), yet this assumption has not been tested rigorously. The aims of this first systematic review and meta-analysis are to examine the association between health status and SWB and to test whether any association is affected by key operational and methodological factors. Methods: A systematic search (January 1980-April 2017) using Web of Science, Medline, Embase, PsycInfo and Global health was conducted according to Cochrane and PRISMA guidelines...
October 1, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
Kayonda Hubert Ngamaba, Debbie Soni
This study explores whether different religions experience different levels of happiness and life satisfaction and in case this is affected by country economic and cultural environment. Using World Value Survey (from 1981 to 2014), this study found that individual religiosity and country level of development play a significant role in shaping people's subjective well-being (SWB). Protestants, Buddhists and Roman Catholic were happier and most satisfied with their lives compared to other religious groups. Orthodox has the lowest SWB...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
Insa Schlossmacher, Markus Junghöfer, Thomas Straube, Maximilian Bruchmann
In recent years continuous flash suppression (CFS) has become a popular "blinding" technique for the investigation of nonconscious affective processing since it elicits potent and long-lasting suppression of conscious visual perception. While the majority of studies provides some positive evidence for nonconscious affective processing, there are also studies reporting their absence. Several methodological variations may give rise to this discrepancy: with respect to the experimental paradigm these variations pertain to the likelihood of residual stimulus visibility on the level of individual participants and single trials...
September 20, 2017: NeuroImage
Patrick C Dolder, Petra Strajhar, Patrick Vizeli, Felix Hammann, Alex Odermatt, Matthias E Liechti
Rationale: Lisdexamfetamine is a prodrug of D-amphetamine used for the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Lisdexamfetamine is thought to have a prolonged pharmacokinetic profile compared with oral D-amphetamine, possibly associated with lower drug liking and a lower risk of oral misuse. However, differences in the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of lisdexamfetamine and D-amphetamine have not been directly compared. Methods: Equimolar doses of D-amphetamine (40 mg) and lisdexamfetamine (100 mg), and placebo were administered in 24 healthy subjects in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over study...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Petri Böckerman, Alex Bryson, Jutta Viinikainen, Christian Hakulinen, Mirka Hintsanen, Jaakko Pehkonen, Jorma Viikari, Olli Raitakari
It has been suggested that biological markers are associated with human happiness. We contribute to the empirical literature by examining the independent association between various aspects of biometric wellbeing measured in childhood and happiness in adulthood. Using Young Finns Study data (n = 1905) and nationally representative linked data we examine whether eight biomarkers measured in childhood (1980) are associated with happiness in adulthood (2001). Using linked data we account for a very rich set of confounders including age, sex, body size, family background, nutritional intake, physical activity, income, education and labour market experiences...
2017: PloS One
John Ifcher, Homa Zarghamee, Carol Graham
That well-being is decreasing in others' income is termed the "relative income hypothesis" (RIH) by scholars of subjective well-being (SWB) and has substantial empirical support. Some studies, however, present evidence of both positive and negative explanatory channels in the relationship between others' income and SWB. We develop a theoretical framework integrating four distinct channels through which neighbors' income can affect utility: public goods, cost of living, expectations of future income, and direct effects (RIH or altruism)...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Health Economics
Hongfei Du, Ronnel B King, Peilian Chi
Previous studies have shown that self-esteem is an important predictor of subjective well-being. However, the majority of research has focused on self-esteem at the individual and the collective level, but has mostly ignored self-esteem at the relational level. According to social identity theory, individuals can maintain and enhance self-esteem through personal traits (personal self-esteem, PSE), relationships with significant others (relational self-esteem, RSE), and relationships with larger groups (collective self-esteem, CSE)...
2017: PloS One
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