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Subjective well being happiness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137990/affective-blindsight-in-the-absence-of-input-from-face-processing-regions-in-occipital-temporal-cortex
#1
Christopher L Striemer, Robert L Whitwell, Melvyn A Goodale
Previous research suggests that the implicit recognition of emotional expressions may be carried out by pathways that bypass primary visual cortex (V1) and project to the amygdala. Some of the strongest evidence supporting this claim comes from case studies of "affective blindsight" in which patients with V1 damage can correctly guess whether an unseen face was depicting a fearful or happy expression. In the current study, we report a new case of affective blindsight in patient MC who is cortically blind following extensive bilateral lesions to V1, as well as face and object processing regions in her ventral visual stream...
November 11, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081551/happiness-in-the-air-how-does-a-dirty-sky-affect-mental-health-and-subjective-well-being
#2
Xin Zhang, Xiaobo Zhang, Xi Chen
Previous studies evaluating the welfare cost of air pollution have not paid much attention to its potential effect on mental health and subjective well-being (SWB). This paper attempts to fill the gap by investigating the impact of air pollution on several key dimensions, including mental health status, depressive symptoms, moment-to-moment happiness, and evaluative happiness. We match a nationwide longitudinal survey in China with local air quality and rich weather conditions according to the exact time and place of survey...
September 2017: Journal of Environmental Economics and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070913/advantages-of-later-motherhood
#3
REVIEW
M Myrskylä, K Barclay, A Goisis
BACKGROUND: In high-income countries childbearing has been increasingly postponed since the 1970s and it is crucial to understand the consequences of this demographic shift. The literature has tended to characterize later motherhood as a significant health threat for children and parents. OBJECTIVES: We contribute to this debate by reviewing recent evidence suggesting that an older maternal age can also have positive effects. MATERIALS: Literature linking the age at parenthood with the sociodemographic characteristics of the parents, with macrolevel interactions, and with subjective well-being...
2017: Der Gynäkologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031643/physical-fitness-and-psychological-health-in-overweight-obese-children-a-cross-sectional-study-from-the-activebrains-project
#4
M Rodriguez-Ayllon, C Cadenas-Sanchez, I Esteban-Cornejo, J H Migueles, J Mora-Gonzalez, P Henriksson, M Martín-Matillas, A Mena-Molina, P Molina-García, F Estévez-López, G M Enriquez, J C Perales, J R Ruiz, A Catena, F B Ortega
OBJECTIVES: To examine the associations of physical fitness (i.e. cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular strength, and speed/agility) with psychological distress and psychological well-being in overweight/obese pre-adolescent children. DESIGN: 110 overweight/obese children (10.0±1.1years old, 61 boys) from the ActiveBrains project (http://profith.ugr.es/activebrains) participated in this cross-sectional study. METHODS: Physical fitness was evaluated by the ALPHA battery test...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990394/striving-for-positive-aging-among-chinese-older-people-effects-of-life-stress-and-control-beliefs-in-a-longitudinal-study
#5
Luo Lu, Shu-Fang Kao
We examined effects of life stress and control beliefs on a constellation of subjective indicators of well-being for older people, including meaning in life, happiness, peace of mind, and positive aging perception. The Chinese cultural background provided the sociocultural milieu for the present study. In a longitudinal study, 301 older Chinese adults completed a questionnaire survey twice, 6 months apart. Regression analyses found that stress caused by major life-changing events (acute) and financial hardship (chronic) were consistent negative predictors of all well-being indicators...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957478/how-strongly-related-are-health-status-and-subjective-well-being-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Kayonda Hubert Ngamaba, Maria Panagioti, Christopher J Armitage
Background: Health status is widely considered to be closely associated with subjective well-being (SWB), yet this assumption has not been tested rigorously. The aims of this first systematic review and meta-analysis are to examine the association between health status and SWB and to test whether any association is affected by key operational and methodological factors. Methods: A systematic search (January 1980-April 2017) using Web of Science, Medline, Embase, PsycInfo and Global health was conducted according to Cochrane and PRISMA guidelines...
October 1, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951998/are-happiness-and-life-satisfaction-different-across-religious-groups-exploring-determinants-of-happiness-and-life-satisfaction
#7
Kayonda Hubert Ngamaba, Debbie Soni
This study explores whether different religions experience different levels of happiness and life satisfaction and in case this is affected by country economic and cultural environment. Using World Value Survey (from 1981 to 2014), this study found that individual religiosity and country level of development play a significant role in shaping people's subjective well-being (SWB). Protestants, Buddhists and Roman Catholic were happier and most satisfied with their lives compared to other religious groups. Orthodox has the lowest SWB...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939431/no-differential-effects-to-facial-expressions-under-continuous-flash-suppression-an-event-related-potentials-study
#8
Insa Schlossmacher, Markus Junghöfer, Thomas Straube, Maximilian Bruchmann
In recent years continuous flash suppression (CFS) has become a popular "blinding" technique for the investigation of nonconscious affective processing since it elicits potent and long-lasting suppression of conscious visual perception. While the majority of studies provides some positive evidence for nonconscious affective processing, there are also studies reporting their absence. Several methodological variations may give rise to this discrepancy: with respect to the experimental paradigm these variations pertain to the likelihood of residual stimulus visibility on the level of individual participants and single trials...
September 20, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936175/pharmacokinetics-and-pharmacodynamics-of-lisdexamfetamine-compared-with-d-amphetamine-in-healthy-subjects
#9
Patrick C Dolder, Petra Strajhar, Patrick Vizeli, Felix Hammann, Alex Odermatt, Matthias E Liechti
Rationale: Lisdexamfetamine is a prodrug of D-amphetamine used for the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Lisdexamfetamine is thought to have a prolonged pharmacokinetic profile compared with oral D-amphetamine, possibly associated with lower drug liking and a lower risk of oral misuse. However, differences in the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of lisdexamfetamine and D-amphetamine have not been directly compared. Methods: Equimolar doses of D-amphetamine (40 mg) and lisdexamfetamine (100 mg), and placebo were administered in 24 healthy subjects in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over study...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915269/the-biometric-antecedents-to-happiness
#10
MULTICENTER STUDY
Petri Böckerman, Alex Bryson, Jutta Viinikainen, Christian Hakulinen, Mirka Hintsanen, Jaakko Pehkonen, Jorma Viikari, Olli Raitakari
It has been suggested that biological markers are associated with human happiness. We contribute to the empirical literature by examining the independent association between various aspects of biometric wellbeing measured in childhood and happiness in adulthood. Using Young Finns Study data (n = 1905) and nationally representative linked data we examine whether eight biomarkers measured in childhood (1980) are associated with happiness in adulthood (2001). Using linked data we account for a very rich set of confounders including age, sex, body size, family background, nutritional intake, physical activity, income, education and labour market experiences...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899565/local-neighbors-as-positives-regional-neighbors-as-negatives-competing-channels-in-the-relationship-between-others-income-health-and-happiness
#11
John Ifcher, Homa Zarghamee, Carol Graham
That well-being is decreasing in others' income is termed the "relative income hypothesis" (RIH) by scholars of subjective well-being (SWB) and has substantial empirical support. Some studies, however, present evidence of both positive and negative explanatory channels in the relationship between others' income and SWB. We develop a theoretical framework integrating four distinct channels through which neighbors' income can affect utility: public goods, cost of living, expectations of future income, and direct effects (RIH or altruism)...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841716/self-esteem-and-subjective-well-being-revisited-the-roles-of-personal-relational-and-collective-self-esteem
#12
Hongfei Du, Ronnel B King, Peilian Chi
Previous studies have shown that self-esteem is an important predictor of subjective well-being. However, the majority of research has focused on self-esteem at the individual and the collective level, but has mostly ignored self-esteem at the relational level. According to social identity theory, individuals can maintain and enhance self-esteem through personal traits (personal self-esteem, PSE), relationships with significant others (relational self-esteem, RSE), and relationships with larger groups (collective self-esteem, CSE)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810487/the-aging-population-in-china-subjective-well-being-of-empty-nesters-in-rural-eastern-china
#13
Ying Liang, Xueting Niu, Peiyi Lu
In this article, we explore the subjective well-being of empty nesters who lived in rural eastern China ( N = 967). The Memorial University of Newfoundland Scale of Happiness is used to measure subjective well-being. The results indicate that Memorial University of Newfoundland Scale of Happiness is appropriate for empty nesters in rural China due to its reliability and validity. Generally, male empty nesters report greater subjective well-being scores than females. Negative factors include low levels of education, being a widow or widower, or being unmarried...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805442/the-secret-to-happiness-feeling-good-or-feeling-right
#14
Maya Tamir, Shalom H Schwartz, Shige Oishi, Min Y Kim
Which emotional experiences should people pursue to optimize happiness? According to traditional subjective well-being research, the more pleasant emotions we experience, the happier we are. According to Aristotle, the more we experience the emotions we want to experience, the happier we are. We tested both predictions in a cross-cultural sample of 2,324 participants from 8 countries around the world. We assessed experienced emotions, desired emotions, and indices of well-being and depressive symptoms. Across cultures, happier people were those who more often experienced emotions they wanted to experience, whether these were pleasant (e...
October 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770649/the-happy-culture-a-theoretical-meta-analytic-and-empirical-review-of-the-relationship-between-culture-and-wealth-and-subjective-well-being
#15
Piers Steel, Vasyl Taras, Krista Uggerslev, Frank Bosco
Do cultural values enhance financial and subjective well-being (SWB)? Taking a multidisciplinary approach, we meta-analytically reviewed the field, found it thinly covered, and focused on individualism. In counter, we collected a broad array of individual-level data, specifically an Internet sample of 8,438 adult respondents. Individual SWB was most strongly associated with cultural values that foster relationships and social capital, which typically accounted for more unique variance in life satisfaction than an individual's salary...
August 1, 2017: Personality and Social Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744245/distinguishing-relational-aspects-of-character-strengths-with-subjective-and-psychological-well-being
#16
Melanie Hausler, Cornelia Strecker, Alexandra Huber, Mirjam Brenner, Thomas Höge, Stefan Höfer
Research has shown that character strengths are positively linked with well-being in general. However, there has not been a fine-grained analysis up to date. This study examines the individual relational aspects between the 24 character strengths, subjective well-being (SWB), and different aspects of psychological well-being (PWB) at two times of measurement (N = 117). Results showed that overall the "good character" was significantly stronger related with PWB than with SWB. The character strength "hope" was at least moderately correlated with the PWB aspects meaning, optimism and autonomy, and "zest" with the PWB aspects relationships and engagement...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713186/happy-people-have-children-choice-and-self-selection-into-parenthood
#17
Sophie Cetre, Andrew E Clark, Claudia Senik
There is mixed evidence in the existing literature on whether children are associated with greater subjective well-being, with the correlation depending on which countries and populations are considered. We here provide a systematic analysis of this question based on three different datasets: two cross-national and one national panel. We show that the association between children and subjective well-being is positive only in developed countries, and for those who become parents after the age of 30 and who have higher income...
August 2016: European Journal of Population
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669253/unaltered-emotional-experience-in-parkinson-s-disease-pupillometry-and-behavioral-evidence
#18
Rachel Schwartz, Kathrin Rothermich, Sonja A Kotz, Marc D Pell
INTRODUCTION: Recognizing emotions in others is a pivotal part of socioemotional functioning and plays a central role in social interactions. It has been shown that individuals suffering from Parkinson's disease (PD) are less accurate at identifying basic emotions such as fear, sadness, and happiness; however, previous studies have predominantly assessed emotion processing using unimodal stimuli (e.g., pictures) that do not reflect the complexity of real-world processing demands. Dynamic, naturalistic stimuli (e...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667469/reliability-validity-and-factor-structure-of-the-hopkins-symptom-checklist-25-population-based-study-of-persons-living-with-hiv-in-rural-uganda
#19
Scholastic Ashaba, Bernard Kakuhikire, Dagmar Vořechovská, Jessica M Perkins, Christine E Cooper-Vince, Samuel Maling, David R Bangsberg, Alexander C Tsai
Depression and anxiety are highly comorbid among people living with HIV (PLHIV), but few instruments for screening or measurement have been validated for use in sub-Saharan Africa. The objective of this study was to determine the reliability, validity, and factor structure of the 25-item Hopkins Symptom Checklist (HSCL) in a population-based sample of PLHIV in rural Uganda. This study was nested within an ongoing population-based cohort of all residents living in Nyakabare Parish, Mbarara District, Uganda. All participants who identified as HIV-positive by self-report were included in this analysis...
June 30, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650188/being-present-focusing-on-the-present-predicts-improvements-in-life-satisfaction-but-not-happiness
#20
Peter Felsman, Philippe Verduyn, Ozlem Ayduk, Ethan Kross
Mindfulness theorists suggest that people spend most of their time focusing on the past or future rather than the present. Despite the prevalence of this assumption, no research that we are aware of has evaluated whether it is true or what the implications of focusing on the present are for subjective well-being. We addressed this issue by using experience sampling to examine how frequently people focus on the present throughout the day over the course of a week and whether focusing on the present predicts improvements in the 2 components of subjective well-being over time-how people feel and how satisfied they are with their lives...
June 26, 2017: Emotion
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