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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282724/psychometric-properties-of-the-casp-12-in-a-spanish-older-community-dwelling-sample
#1
Gema Pérez-Rojo, Noemy Martín, Cristina Noriega, Javier López
OBJECTIVE: Current studies have shown that older people's quality of life (QoL) is more associated to individual's sense of happiness and subjective life satisfaction than to objective problems. CASP scale conceptualizes QoL based on a psycho-sociological perspective. Originally, CASP consisted of 19 items (four factors: Control, Autonomy, Self-realization and Pleasure). Later, it was proposed a shorter version (12 items and three factors). The aim of this study was to assess the structure of the CASP-12 SHARE version using confirmatory factor analysis...
February 28, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213189/is-heart-rate-variability-hrv-an-adequate-tool-for-evaluating-human-emotions-a-focus-on-the-use-of-the-international-affective-picture-system-iaps
#2
Kwang-Ho Choi, Junbeom Kim, O Sang Kwon, Min Ji Kim, Yeon Hee Ryu, Ji-Eun Park
Because human emotion varies greatly among individuals and is a qualitative factor, measuring it with any degree of accuracy is very difficult. Heart rate variability (HRV), which is used in evaluations of the autonomic nervous system (ANS), is used to evaluate human emotions. This study examines the validity of HRV as a tool to evaluate emotions using the International Affective Picture System (IAPS). For experimentation, five photos were selected for each of the categories of "happy," "unhappy", and "neutral" from among the images provided by the IAPS...
February 11, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181474/big-five-personality-trait-short-questionnaire-preliminary-validation-with-spanish-adults
#3
Generós Ortet, Tania Martínez, Laura Mezquita, Julien Morizot, Manuel I Ibáñez
There are two major advantages of the Big Five Personality Trait Short Questionnaire (BFPTSQ) over other non-commercial short Five-Factor Model personality measures: widen conceptual breadth, and its use in both adolescents and adults. The aim of this study was to explore the psychometric properties of this questionnaire in an adult Spanish sample. Factor, convergent (using the NEO-PI-R), and criterion (using scales that assess happiness and alcohol consumption) validities, internal consistency as well as test-retest reliabilities of the BFPTSQ were evaluated...
February 9, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178328/measuring-the-frequency-of-emotions-validation-of-the-scale-of-positive-and-negative-experience-spane-in-germany
#4
Tobias Rahm, Elke Heise, Mirijam Schuldt
The Scale of Positive and Negative Experience (SPANE) measures the frequency of positive and negative affect. It consists of two subscales, one for positive and one for negative affect with six adjectives each and assesses a broad range of emotions. In this study, the psychometric properties of the German version of the scale were explored with reliability and confirmatory factorial analysis by using a German sample of N = 498. To examine the convergent validity of the SPANE we correlated its subscales with other well-being and happiness measures...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156476/assessment-of-the-relationship-between-three-cancer-survivor-well-being-tools
#5
Mary Jo Deprey, Stuart Chamovitz, Marty Jacobson, Kathleen Hall
74 Background: In 1999, the National Comprehensive Cancer Network issued guidelines for improving well-being of cancer survivors. Three tools, the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status (ECOGPS), the National Comprehensive Cancer Network Distress Thermometer (NCCNDT), and the Subjective Happiness Scale (SHS), are currently being used in a rural oncology survivorship clinic to assess patients' well-being. The question arose whether all three tools are necessary for adequate patient assessment...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134540/decentering-in-the-process-of-cultivating-mindfulness-an-experience-sampling-study-in-time-and-context
#6
Adi Shoham, Pavel Goldstein, Ravit Oren, David Spivak, Amit Bernstein
OBJECTIVE: Through intensive experience sampling, we studied the practice and development of mindfulness as a dynamic process in time and context. We focused on role(s) and salutary function(s) of mindfulness and decentering for emotional experience over the course of mindfulness practice and development. METHOD: Eighty-two meditation-naive adults from the general community, 52% women, Mage (SD) = 25.05 (3.26) years, participated in a 1-month, 6-session, Mahasi-based mindfulness-training intervention (Mahasi, 1978)...
February 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129091/increasing-overall-well-being-is-salient-in-treating-homelessness
#7
Jennifer Coleman
Homeless treatment programs have focused on physical solutions rather than attending to all aspects of well-being. Support services that address overall well-being have demonstrated effectiveness. Previous research suggests that overall well-being is defined as satisfaction within all life spheres. Objective life indices have been the primary evidence of success among various programs, which include food, housing, income, leisure, health, access to psychiatric and medical services, and maintenance of positive support networks...
April 3, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126114/the-new-income-inequality-and-well-being-paradigm-inequality-has-no-effect-on-happiness-in-rich-nations-and-normal-times-varied-effects-in-extraordinary-circumstances-increases-happiness-in-poor-nations-and-interacts-with-individuals-perceptions-attitudes-politics
#8
Jonathan Kelley, M D R Evans
Based on earlier, mainly aggregate analyses, conventional wisdom previously held that income inequality reduces happiness. But aggregate models consistently yield misleading results in this domain, substantially because of intractable problems of sample size, confounding omitted variables, and conditional effects differing between poor developing nations, rich advanced nations, and nations in transition from Communism. Based on more recent evidence, scholarly views are beginning to merge on a consensus that national income inequality is irrelevant to individuals' subjective well-being in advanced nations and normal times, as shown by multi-level models with appropriate controls (including socioeconomic development, an engine of happiness and foe of inequality)...
February 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116783/bayesian-analysis-of-longitudinal-multitrait-multimethod-data-with-ordinal-response-variables
#9
Jana Holtmann, Tobias Koch, Johannes Bohn, Michael Eid
A new multilevel latent state graded response model for longitudinal multitrait-multimethod (MTMM) measurement designs combining structurally different and interchangeable methods is proposed. The model allows researchers to examine construct validity over time and to study the change and stability of constructs and method effects based on ordinal response variables. We show how Bayesian estimation techniques can address a number of important issues that typically arise in longitudinal multilevel MTMM studies and facilitates the estimation of the model presented...
February 2017: British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114770/better-late-than-early-marital-timing-and-subjective-well-being-in-midlife
#10
Matthew D Johnson, Harvey J Krahn, Nancy L Galambos
Drawing on data from 405 Canadian adults surveyed as high school seniors (Age 18) and again in midlife (Age 43), the present study examined whether marital timing, a variable rooted in the age norm hypothesis (whether marriage was early, on time, or late in relation to peers), might contribute additional insight into the well-documented association between marital status and subjective well-being (SWB; happiness, symptoms of depression, and self-esteem). The analysis also considered 3 alternative explanations of the marriage-SWB link: the social selection hypothesis, social role theory, and the adaptation perspective...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052069/happier-people-live-more-active-lives-using-smartphones-to-link-happiness-and-physical-activity
#11
Neal Lathia, Gillian M Sandstrom, Cecilia Mascolo, Peter J Rentfrow
Physical activity, both exercise and non-exercise, has far-reaching benefits to physical health. Although exercise has also been linked to psychological health (e.g., happiness), little research has examined physical activity more broadly, taking into account non-exercise activity as well as exercise. We examined the relationship between physical activity (measured broadly) and happiness using a smartphone application. This app has collected self-reports of happiness and physical activity from over ten thousand participants, while passively gathering information about physical activity from the accelerometers on users' phones...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936835/the-effect-of-mood-on-judgments-of-subjective-well-being-nine-tests-of-the-judgment-model
#12
Stevie C Y Yap, Jessica Wortman, Ivana Anusic, S Glenn Baker, Laura D Scherer, M Brent Donnellan, Richard E Lucas
Life satisfaction judgments are thought to represent an overall evaluation of the quality of a person's life as a whole. Thus, they should reflect relatively important and stable characteristics of that person's life. Previous highly cited research has suggested that transient factors, such as the mood that a person experiences at the time that well-being judgments are made, can influence these judgments. However, most existing studies used small sample sizes, and few replications have been attempted. Nine direct and conceptual replications of past studies testing the effects of mood on life satisfaction judgments were conducted using sample sizes that were considerably larger than previous studies (Ns = 202, 200, 269, 118, 320, 401, 285, 129, 122)...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933022/emotional-empathy-and-facial-mimicry-for-static-and-dynamic-facial-expressions-of-fear-and-disgust
#13
Krystyna Rymarczyk, Łukasz Żurawski, Kamila Jankowiak-Siuda, Iwona Szatkowska
Facial mimicry is the tendency to imitate the emotional facial expressions of others. Increasing evidence suggests that the perception of dynamic displays leads to enhanced facial mimicry, especially for happiness and anger. However, little is known about the impact of dynamic stimuli on facial mimicry for fear and disgust. To investigate this issue, facial EMG responses were recorded in the corrugator supercilii, levator labii, and lateral frontalis muscles, while participants viewed static (photos) and dynamic (videos) facial emotional expressions...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911349/quantification-of-vascular-function-changes-under-different-emotion-states-a-pilot-study
#14
Yirong Xia, Licai Yang, Xueqin Mao, Dingchang Zheng, Chengyu Liu
Recent studies have indicated that physiological parameters change with different emotion states. This study aimed to quantify the changes of vascular function at different emotion and sub-emotion states. Twenty young subjects were studied with their finger photoplethysmographic (PPG) pulses recorded at three distinct emotion states: natural (1 minute), happiness and sadness (10 minutes for each). Within the period of happiness and sadness emotion states, two sub-emotion states (calmness and outburst) were identified with the synchronously recorded videos...
November 25, 2016: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888735/leisure-participation-and-subjective-well-being-exploring-gender-differences-among-elderly-in-shanghai-china
#15
Wei Zhang, Qiushi Feng, Joy Lacanienta, Zhihong Zhen
OBJECTIVES: To explore the association between leisure participation and subjective well-being and the role gender in this issue among elderly Chinese in Shanghai, China. METHODS: Principal components analysis and logistic regressions are used to analyze the cross-sectional data of the 2013 Shanghai Elderly Life and Opinion Survey that contains 2884 respondents (60+ with a mean age of 72.6) recruited from a multistage cluster sampling design. Subjective well-being is measured by happiness and life satisfaction, and leisure participation is examined by the type and diversity of leisure activities...
March 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864361/causes-of-male-infertility-a-9-year-prospective-monocentre-study-on-1737-patients-with-reduced-total-sperm-counts
#16
M Punab, O Poolamets, P Paju, V Vihljajev, K Pomm, R Ladva, P Korrovits, M Laan
STUDY QUESTION: What are the primary causes of severe male factor infertility? SUMMARY ANSWER: Although 40% of all patients showed primary causes of infertility, which could be subdivided into three groups based on the severity of their effect, ~75% of oligozoospermia cases remained idiopathic. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: There are few large-scale epidemiological studies analyzing the causes of male factor infertility. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: A prospective clinical-epidemiological study was conducted at the Andrology Centre, Tartu University Hospital between 2005 and 2013, recruiting male partners of couples failing to conceive a child for over ≥12 months...
January 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833789/impaired-visual-cortical-processing-of-affective-facial-information-in-schizophrenia
#17
S Maher, T Ekstrom, Y Chen
Facial emotion perception impairment in schizophrenia is currently viewed as abnormal affective processing. Facial emotion perception also relies on visual processing. Yet, visual cortical processing of facial emotion is not well understood in this disorder. We measured perceptual thresholds for detecting facial fear and happiness in patients (n=23) and controls (n=23), and adjusted emotion intensity of facial stimuli (via morphing between images of neutral and emotive expressions) for each subject. We then evaluated activations of the visual cortex and amygdala during the performance of perceptually-equated facial emotion detection tasks...
July 2016: Clinical Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818626/arousal-rather-than-basic-emotions-influence-long-term-recognition-memory-in-humans
#18
Artur Marchewka, Marek Wypych, Abnoos Moslehi, Monika Riegel, Jarosław M Michałowski, Katarzyna Jednoróg
Emotion can influence various cognitive processes, however its impact on memory has been traditionally studied over relatively short retention periods and in line with dimensional models of affect. The present study aimed to investigate emotional effects on long-term recognition memory according to a combined framework of affective dimensions and basic emotions. Images selected from the Nencki Affective Picture System were rated on the scale of affective dimensions and basic emotions. After 6 months, subjects took part in a surprise recognition test during an fMRI session...
2016: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790342/meanings-of-health-for-iranian-diabetic-patients-a-qualitative-study
#19
Golrokh Moridi, Sina Valiee, Alireza Nikbakht Nasrabadi, Golnaz Esmaeil Nasab, Shahnaz Khaledi
INTRODUCTION: Health is an exclusive and subjective phenomenon, and one of the most important situations with regard to perception of health, arises when patients suffer from a chronic disease. This study was conducted within the qualitative research framework and aimed to explore the meanings of health as perceived by a group of Iranian diabetic patients. METHODS: A descriptive qualitative analysis design was used. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews with 20 participants among diabetic patients, who were admitted to the diabetes care centre of Tohid Hospital of the Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran during a ten-month period in 2014...
September 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774810/labor-market-integration-immigration-experience-and-psychological-distress-in-a-multi-ethnic-sample-of-immigrants-residing-in-portugal
#20
Ana F Teixeira, Sónia F Dias
OBJECTIVES: This study aims at examining how factors relating to immigrants' experience in the host country affect psychological distress (PD). Specifically, we analyzed the association among socio-economic status (SES), integration in the labor market, specific immigration experience characteristics, and PD in a multi-ethnic sample of immigrant individuals residing in Lisbon, Portugal. DESIGN: Using a sample (n = 1375) consisting of all main immigrant groups residing in Portugal's metropolitan area of Lisbon, we estimated multivariable linear regression models of PD regressed on selected sets of socio-economic independent variables...
October 24, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
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