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Yue Wang, Fengge Zhai, Yasushi Hasebe, Hongmin Jia, Zhiqiang Zhang
The fabrication, characterization and analytical performance were investigated for a phenol biosensor based on the covalent bonding of tyrosinase (TYR) onto a graphene oxide (GO)-modified glassy carbon electrode (GCE) via glutaraldehyde (GA). The surface morphology of the modified electrode was studied by atomic force microscope (AFM) and field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM). The fabricated TYR/GA/GO/GCE biosensor showed very good stability, reproducibility, sensitivity and practical usage. The catechol biosensor exhibited a wide sensing linear range from 5×10-8 M to 5×10-5 M, a lower detection limit of 3×10-8 M, a current maximum (Imax ) of 65...
April 9, 2018: Bioelectrochemistry
Jin Wang
A near infrared (NIR) optical biosensor based on peptide functionalized single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) hybrids for 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) explosive detection was developed. The TNT binding peptide was directly anchored on the sidewall of the SWCNTs using the π-π interaction between the aromatic amino acids and SWCNTs, forming the peptide-SWCNTs hybrids for near infrared absorption spectra measurement. The evidence of the morphology of peptide-SWCNTs hybrids were obtained using Atomic force microscopy (AFM)...
April 12, 2018: Analytical Biochemistry
Chao Li, Guangping Zhang, Shangquan Wu, Qingchuan Zhang
Profenofos, a highly poisonous organophosphorus pesticide, has been widely used in agricultural production. These pesticide residues have seriously influenced food security and threatened human health, and new methods with high sensitivity are greatly needed to detect profenofos. Here, we developed an aptamer-based microcantilever-array sensor operated in stress mode to detect profenofos, with advantages of being a label-free, highly sensitive, one-step immobilization method capable of quantitative and real-time detection...
August 22, 2018: Analytica Chimica Acta
Farid Farajollahi, Axel Seidenstücker, Klara Altintoprak, Paul Walther, Paul Ziemann, Alfred Plettl, Othmar Marti, Christina Wege, Hartmut Gliemann
Nanoporous membranes are of increasing interest for many applications, such as molecular filters, biosensors, nanofluidic logic and energy conversion devices. To meet high-quality standards, e.g., in molecular separation processes, membranes with well-defined pores in terms of pore diameter and chemical properties are required. However, the preparation of membranes with narrow pore diameter distributions is still challenging. In the work presented here, we demonstrate a strategy, a "pore-in-pore" approach, where the conical pores of a solid state membrane produced by a multi-step top-down lithography procedure are used as a template to insert precisely-formed biomolecular nanodiscs with exactly defined inner and outer diameters...
April 13, 2018: Nanomaterials
David Lubkowicz, Chun Loong Ho, In Young Hwang, Wen Shan Yew, Yung Seng Lee, Matthew Wook Chang
Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus infection that results in pneumonia, urinary tract infection, and in severe cases, sepsis, has recently been classified as a serious threat to public health. Rapid and cost-effective detection of these infections are costly and time-consuming. Here, we present probiotic lactic acid bacteria engineered to detect autoinducer peptide-I (AIP-I), a quorum sensing molecule produced by Staphylococcus sp. during pathogenesis. We achieved this by adapting the well-characterized agr quorum sensing ( agrQS) from Staphylococcus aureus into Lactobacillus reuteri...
April 13, 2018: ACS Synthetic Biology
Alexander Braun, Matthew J Farber, Zachary A Klase, Peter B Berget, Kenneth A Myers
Despite numerous recent advances in imaging technologies, one continuing challenge for cell biologists and microscopists is the visualization and measurement of endogenous proteins as they function within living cells. Achieving this goal will provide a tool that investigators can use to associate cellular outcomes with the behavior and activity of many well-studied target proteins. Here, we describe the development of a plasmid-based fluorescent biosensor engineered to measure the location and activity of matrix metalloprotease-14 (MMP14)...
April 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
Shawkat Ali, Arshad Hassan, Gul Hassan, Chang-Ho Eun, Jinho Bae, Chong Hyun Lee, In-Jung Kim
A novel disposable all-printed electronic biosensor is proposed for a fast detection and classification of bacteria. This biosensor is applied to classify three types of popular pathogens: Salmonella typhimurium, and the Escherichia coli strains JM109 and DH5-α. The proposed sensor consists of inter-digital silver electrodes fabricated through an inkjet material printer and silver nanowires uniformly decorated on the electrodes through the electrohydrodynamic technique on a polyamide based polyethylene terephthalate substrate...
April 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
Brian P Landry, Rohan Palanki, Nikola Dyulgyarov, Lucas A Hartsough, Jeffrey J Tabor
Two-component systems (TCSs) are the largest family of multi-step signal transduction pathways in biology, and a major source of sensors for biotechnology. However, the input concentrations to which biosensors respond are often mismatched with application requirements. Here, we utilize a mathematical model to show that TCS detection thresholds increase with the phosphatase activity of the sensor histidine kinase. We experimentally validate this result in engineered Bacillus subtilis nitrate and E. coli aspartate TCS sensors by tuning their detection threshold up to two orders of magnitude...
April 12, 2018: Nature Communications
Bahram Amini, Mehdi Kamali, Mojtaba Salouti, Parichehreh Yaghmaei
Colorimetric DNA detection is preferred over other methods for clinical molecular diagnosis because it does not require expensive equipment. In the present study, the colorimetric method based on gold nanoparticles (GNPs) and endonuclease enzyme was used for the detection of P. aeruginosa ETA gene. Firstly, the primers and probe for P. aeruginosa exotoxin A (ETA) gene were designed and checked for specificity by the PCR method. Then, GNPs were synthesized using the citrate reduction method and conjugated with the prepared probe to develop the new nano-biosensor...
March 24, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Wansun Kim, Sung Ho Lee, Yong Jin Ahn, Seung Ho Lee, Jiwook Ryu, Seok Keun Choi, Samjin Choi
It is very difficult to predict some complications after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), despite rapid advances in medical science. Herein, we introduce a label-free cellulose surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) biosensor chip with pH-functionalized, gold nanoparticle (AuNP)-enhanced localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) effects for identification of SAH-induced cerebral vasospasm and hydrocephalus caused by cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). The SERS biosensor chip was implemented by the synthesis reaction of the AuNPs, which were charged positively through pH level adjustment, onto a negatively-charged cellulose substrate with ξ = -30...
April 4, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Fausto N Comba, Marcelo R Romero, Fernando S Garay, Ana M Baruzzi
This work reports an amperometric enzyme-electrode prepared with glucose oxidase, which have been immobilized by a cross-linking step with glutaraldehyde in a mixture containing albumin and a novel carbon nanotubes-mucin composite (CNT-muc). The obtained hydrogel matrix was trapped between two polycarbonate membranes and then fixed at the surface of a Pt working electrode. The developed biosensor was optimized by evaluating different compositions and the analytical properties of an enzymatic matrix with CNT-muc...
April 9, 2018: Analytical Biochemistry
Eda Yuhana Ariffin, Ling Ling Tan, Nurul Huda Abd Karim, Lee Yook Heng
A sensitive and selective optical DNA biosensor was developed for dengue virus detection based on novel square-planar piperidine side chain-functionalized N , N '-bis-4-(hydroxysalicylidene)-phenylenediamine-nickel(II), which was able to intercalate via nucleobase stacking within DNA and be functionalized as an optical DNA hybridization marker. 3-Aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTS)-modified porous silica nanospheres (PSiNs), was synthesized with a facile mini-emulsion method to act as a high capacity DNA carrier matrix...
April 12, 2018: Sensors
Hsin-Ya Lou, Wenting Zhao, Yongpeng Zeng, Bianxiao Cui
Over the past decade, there has been growing interest in developing biosensors and devices with nanoscale and vertical topography. Vertical nanostructures induce spontaneous cell engulfment, which enhances the cell-probe coupling efficiency and the sensitivity of biosensors. Although local membranes in contact with the nanostructures are found to be fully fluidic for lipid and membrane protein diffusions, cells appear to actively sense and respond to the surface topography presented by vertical nanostructures...
April 12, 2018: Accounts of Chemical Research
Ruptanu Banerjee, Amit Jaiswal
Lateral flow immunoassay (LFIA) technology is a paper-based, point-of-care strip biosensor designed to detect a specific analyte in a given sample. This type of assay is now of great interest to researchers for its cost-effectiveness, simplicity, portability and rapidness of detection of analytes, including but not limited to areas such as agriculture, food, biomedicine and pathogen detection. Various nanoparticles (such as metal nanoparticles, carbon-based nanoparticles, quantum dots, lanthanides and up-converting phosphor) functionalized by an antibody to detect an analyte protein or molecular marker present in the surface of an infectious pathogen are used for in LFIAs...
April 12, 2018: Analyst
Li Xu, Zijie Zhang, Xiaoqiang Fang, Yibo Liu, Biwu Liu, Juewen Liu
Metal coordination with organic ligands often produce crystalline metal-organic frameworks (MOF) and sometimes amorphorous nanoparticles. In this work, we explore a different type of material from the same chemistry: hydrogels. Lanthanides are chosen as the metal component because of their important technological applications and continously tunable properties. Adenosine monophosphate (AMP) and lanthanides form two types of coordination materials: the lighter lanthanides from La3+ to Tb3+ form nanoparticles, while the rest heavier ones initially form nanoparticles but later spontaneously transform to hydrogels...
April 12, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Sónia Gomes, Cláudia Castro, Sara Barrias, Leonor Pereira, Pedro Jorge, José R Fernandes, Paula Martins-Lopes
The wine sector requires quick and reliable methods for Vitis vinifera L. varietal identification. The number of V. vinifera varieties is estimated in about 5,000 worldwide. Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) represent the most basic and abundant form of genetic sequence variation, being adequate for varietal discrimination. The aim of this work was to develop DNA-based assays suitable to detect SNP variation in V. vinifera, allowing varietal discrimination. Genotyping by sequencing allowed the detection of eleven SNPs on two genes of the anthocyanin pathway, the flavanone 3-hydroxylase (F3H, EC: 1...
April 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
Soyoung Chang, Tugba Kilic, Chang Kee Lee, Huseyin Avci, Hojae Bae, Shirin Mesbah Oskui, Sung Mi Jung, Su Ryon Shin, Seon Jeong Kim
The unique biological features of supramolecular DNA have led to an increasing interest in biomedical applications such as biosensors. We have developed an i-motif and G-rich DNA conjugated single-walled carbon nanotube hybrid materials, which shows reversible conformational switching upon external stimuli such as pH (5 and 8) and presence of ions (Li⁺ and K⁺). We observed reversible electrochemical redox activity upon external stimuli in a quick and robust manner. Given the ease and the robustness of this method, we believe that pH- and ion-driven reversible DNA structure transformations will be utilized for future applications for developing novel biosensors...
April 8, 2018: Nanomaterials
Lucie Bacakova, Marta Vandrovcova, Ivana Kopova, Ivan Jirka
Zeolites are microporous tectosilicates of natural or synthetic origin, which have been extensively used in various technological applications, e.g. as catalysts and as molecular sieves, for separating and sorting various molecules, for water and air purification, including removal of radioactive contaminants, for harvesting waste heat and solar heat energy, for adsorption refrigeration, as detergents, etc. These applications of zeolites were typically related with their porous character, their high adsorption capacity, and their ion exchange properties...
April 9, 2018: Biomaterials Science
Xiao Wu, Donglin Diao, Zhangwei Lu, Yu Han, Shi Xu, Xinhui Lou
Phthalic acid esters (PAEs) areone of the major groups of persistent organic pollutants. The group-specific detection of PAEs is highly desired due to the rapid growing of congeners. DNA aptamers have been increasingly applied as recognition elements on biosensor platforms, but selecting aptamers toward highly hydrophobic small molecule targets, such as PAEs, is rarely reported. This work describes a bead-based method designed to select group-specific DNA aptamers to PAEs. The amino group functionalized dibutyl phthalate (DBP-NH2) as the anchor target was synthesized and immobilized on the epoxy-activated agarose beads, allowing the display of the phthalic ester group at the surface of the immobilization matrix, and therefore the selection of the group-specific binders...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Y Rong, A V Padron, K J Hagerty, N Nelson, S Chi, N O Keyhani, J Katz, S P A Datta, C Gomes, E S McLamore
Impedimetric biosensors for measuring small molecules based on weak/transient interactions between bioreceptors and target analytes are a challenge for detection electronics, particularly in field studies or in the analysis of complex matrices. Protein-ligand binding sensors have enormous potential for biosensing, but achieving accuracy in complex solutions is a major challenge. There is a need for simple post hoc analytical tools that are not computationally expensive, yet provide near real time feedback on data derived from impedance spectra...
April 9, 2018: Analyst
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