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Shih-Ming Tsai, Tyler Goshia, Yen-Chang Chen, Agnes Kagiri, Angelo Sibal, Meng-Hsuen Chiu, Anand Gadre, Vincent Tung, Wei-Chun Chin
The highly prevalent and virulent disease in the Western Hemisphere Coccidioidomycosis, also known as Valley Fever, can cause serious illness such as severe pneumonia with respiratory failure. It can also take on a disseminated form where the infection spreads throughout the body. Thus, a serious impetus exists to develop effective detection of the disease that can also operate in a rapid and high-throughput fashion. Here, we report the assembly of a highly sensitive biosensor using reduced graphene oxide (rGO) with Coccidioides(cocci) antibodies as the target analytes...
June 18, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Bhuvana Kamath Shanbhag, Chang Liu, Victoria S Haritos, Lizhong He
Protein based nanomaterials are gaining importance in biomedical and biosensor applications where tunability of the protein particle size is highly desirable. Rationally-designed proteins and peptides offer control over molecular interactions between monomeric protein units to modulate their self-assembly and thus particle formation. Here, using an example enzyme-peptide system produced as a single construct by bacterial expression, we explore how solution conditions affect the formation and size of protein nanoparticles...
June 21, 2018: ACS Nano
Ge-Ah Kim, Nicholas J Ginga, Shuichi Takayama
The gastrointestinal (GI) tract regulates physiologic responses in complex ways beyond facilitating nutrient entry into the circulatory system. Because of the anatomic location of the GI tract, studying in vivo physiology of the human gut, including host cell interaction with the microbiota, is limited. GI organoids derived from human stem cells are gaining interest as they recapitulate in vivo cellular phenotypes and functions. An underdeveloped capability that would further enhance the utility of these miniature models of the GI tract is to use sensors to quantitatively characterize the organoid systems with high spatiotemporal resolution...
2018: Cellular and Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Ivan Denisov, Kirill Lukyanenko, Anton Yakimov, Igor Kukhtevich, Elena Esimbekova, Peter Belobrov
In the present study, we demonstrate the use of a disposable luciferase-based microfluidic bioassay chip for environmental monitoring and methods for fabrication. The designed microfluidic system includes a chamber with immobilized enzymes of bioluminescent bacteria Photobacterium leiognathi and Vibrio fischeri and their substrates, which dissolve after the introduction of the water sample and thus activate bioluminescent reactions. Limits of detection for copper (II) sulfate, 1,3-dihydroxybenzene and 1,4-benzoquinone for the proposed microfluidic biosensor measured 3 μM, 15 mM, and 2 μM respectively, and these values are higher or close to the level of conventional environmental biosensors based on lyophilized bacteria...
June 21, 2018: Luminescence: the Journal of Biological and Chemical Luminescence
Shichao Ding, Zhiling Li, Yuan Cheng, Chunbao Du, Junfeng Gao, Yong-Wei Zhang, Nan Zhang, Zhaotong Li, Ninghui Chang, Xiaoling Hu
In order to facilitate the broad applications of molecular recognition materials in biomedical areas, it is critical to enhance their adsorption capacity while maintaining their excellent recognition performance. In this work, we designed and synthesized well-defined peptide-imprinted mesoporous silica (PIMS) for specific recognition of an immunostimulating hexapeptide from human casein (IHHC) by using amphiphilic ionic liquid as the surfactant to anchor IHHC via a combination of one step sol-gel method and docking oriented imprinting approach...
June 21, 2018: Nanotechnology
Xinya Jiang, Huijun Wang, Ruo Yuan, Yaqin Chai
Reliable and sensitive in situ detection of molecule released from live cells attracts tremendous research interests as it shows significance in pathological and physiological investigation. In present work, a novel N-(aminobutyl)-N- (ethylisoluminol) functionalized Ag nanoparticles modified three dimensional (3D) polyaniline-phytic acid conducting hydrogels (ABEI-Ag@PAni-PA) are synthesized to adhere cells for in situ sensitive electrochemiluminescence (ECL) detection of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) released from live cells...
June 21, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
Hanna Maria Gabriella Barriga, Margaret Nancy Holme, Molly M Stevens
Cubosomes are highly stable nanoparticles formed from the lipid cubic phase and stabilized by a polymer based outer corona. Lipid cubic phases consist of a single lipid bilayer which forms a continuous periodic membrane lattice structure with pores formed by two interwoven water channels. Cubosome composition can be tuned to engineer pore sizes or include bioactive lipids, the polymer outer corona can be used for targeting and they are highly stable under physiological conditions. The structure provides a significantly higher membrane surface area for loading of membrane proteins and small drug molecules than liposomes...
June 21, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
Mingshu Xiao, Xiangmeng Qu, Li Li, Hao Pei
In spite of its greatly scientific and technological importance, developing rapid, low cost and sensitive microarray sensors for onsite monitoring heavy metal contamination remains challenging. Here we develop a DNA nanostructured microarray (DNM) with a tubular three-dimensional sensing surface and an ordered nanotopography for rapid and sensitive multiplex detection of heavy metal ions. In our design, DNA tetrahedral-structured probes (TSPs) are used to engineer the sensing interface with spatially resolved and density-tunable sensing spots, improving the micro-confined molecular recognition...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Andrea Miti, Giampaolo Zuccheri
DNA biosensors could overcome some of the common drawbacks of lab-based techniques for nucleic acids detection for diagnostics purposes. One of the main impediments for such applications of DNA biosensors is their lack of sensitivity: this can prevent their full exploitation in the diagnostic analytical field. DNA nanotechnology could enhance DNA biosensors and let them perform at the required high sensitivity. Well-designed, programmable self-assembly reactions can be triggered by a specific nucleic acid target...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Alexandra Nava Brezolin, Janine Martinazzo, Daniela Kunkel Muenchen, Alana Marie de Cezaro, Aline Andressa Rigo, Clarice Steffens, Juliana Steffens, Maria Carolina Blassioli-Moraes, Miguel Borges
Semiochemicals are chemical compounds that are released by many species as a means of intra- and interspecific communication. Insects have extremely advanced olfactory systems; indeed, they rely on smell when performing many of their main behaviors, such as oviposition, breeding, prey location, and defense. This characteristic of insects implies that semiochemicals could be used for various applications, including in agriculture, where they could be employed along with other tools to control pest insects. The aim of this review is to present the main techniques used and the state of the art in the detection of semiochemicals, focusing on pheromones...
July 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Yuxiang Feng, Xiangli Shao, Kunlun Huang, Jingjing Tian, Xiaohong Mei, Yunbo Luo, Wentao Xu
A biosensor based on Hg(ii) nanoladders integrated with graphene oxide (GO) for Hg(ii) detection was developed. Nanoladders were essentially DNA sandwich structures supported by T-Hg(ii)-T and were used for Hg(ii) trapping and signal translation. GO was used to differentiate the fluorescence generated by Hg(ii) nanoladders from a background signal.
June 21, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Tugba Kilic, Ana Teresa De Sousa Valinhas, Ivan Wall, Philippe Renaud, Sandro Carrara
Nanoscale extracellular vesicles (EVs) including exosomes (50-150 nm membrane particles) have emerged as promising cancer biomarkers due to the carried genetic information about the parental cells. However the sensitive detection of these vesicles remains a challenge. Here we present a label-free electrochemical sensor to measure the EVs secretion levels of hypoxic and normoxic MCF-7 cells. The sensor design includes two consecutive steps; i) Au electrode surface functionalization for anti-CD81 Antibody and ii) EVs capture...
June 20, 2018: Scientific Reports
Mallika Bariya, Ziba Shahpar, Hyejin Park, Junfeng Sun, Younsu Jung, Wei Gao, Hnin Yin Yin Nyein, Tiffany Sun Liaw, Li-Chia Tai, Quynh P Ngo, Minghan Chao, Yingbo Zhao, Mark Hettick, Gyoujin Cho, Ali Javey
As recent developments in noninvasive biosensors spearhead the thrust towards personalized health and fitness monitoring, there is a need for high throughput, cost effective fabrication of flexible sensing components. Towards this goal, we present roll-to-roll (R2R) gravure printed electrodes that are robust under a range of electrochemical sensing applications. We use inks and electrode morphologies designed for electrochemical and mechanical stability, achieving devices with uniform redox kinetics printed on 150-meter flexible substrate rolls...
June 20, 2018: ACS Nano
Xinzhao Xu, Pierrick Clement, Johnas Eklöf-Österberg, Nancy Kelley-Loughnane, Kasper Moth-Poulsen, Jorge Luis Chávez, Matteo Palma
Here we report on the fabrication of reconfigurable and solution processable nanoscale biosensors with multi-sensing capability, based on single walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs). Distinct DNA-wrapped (hence water-soluble) CNTs were immobilised from solution onto different pre-patterned electrodes on the same chip, via a low-cost dielectrophoresis (DEP) methodology. The CNTs were functionalised with specific, and different, aptamer sequences that were employed as selective recognition elements for biomarkers indicative of stress and neuro-trauma conditions...
June 20, 2018: Nano Letters
Yuan Zhang, Wei-E Zhou, Jia-Qing Yan, Min Liu, Yu Zhou, Xin Shen, Ying-Lin Ma, Xue-Song Feng, Jun Yang, Guo-Hui Li
Vitamins are a class of essential nutrients in the body; thus, they play important roles in human health. The chemicals are involved in many physiological functions and both their lack and excess can put health at risk. Therefore, the establishment of methods for monitoring vitamin concentrations in different matrices is necessary. In this review, an updated overview of the main pretreatments and determination methods that have been used since 2010 is given. Ultrasonic assisted extraction, liquid⁻liquid extraction, solid phase extraction and dispersive liquid⁻liquid microextraction are the most common pretreatment methods, while the determination methods involve chromatography methods, electrophoretic methods, microbiological assays, immunoassays, biosensors and several other methods...
June 19, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Sallam Al-Madhagi, Hamdi Joda, Miriam Jauset-Rubio, Mayreli Ortiz, Ioanis Katakis, Ciara K O'Sullivan
DNA biosensors are attractive tools for genetic analysis as there is an increasing need for rapid and low-cost DNA analysis, primarily driven by applications in personalized pharmacogenomics, clinical diagnostics, rapid pathogen detection, food traceability and forensics. A rapid electrochemical genosensor detection methodology exploiting a combination of modified primers for solution-phase isothermal amplification, followed by rapid detection via hybridization on gold electrodes is reported. Modified reverse primers, exploiting a C18 spacer between the primer-binding site and an engineered single stranded tail, are used in a recombinase polymerase amplification reaction to produce an amplicon with a central duplex flanked by two single stranded tails...
June 16, 2018: Analytical Biochemistry
Carlo Cosimo Campa, Jean Piero Margaria, Abhishek Derle, Marco Del Giudice, Maria Chiara De Santis, Luca Gozzelino, Francesca Copperi, Carla Bosia, Emilio Hirsch
Directional transport of recycling cargo from early endosomes (EE) to the endocytic recycling compartment (ERC) relies on phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate (PtdIns(3)P) hydrolysis and activation of the small GTPase Rab11. However, how these events are coordinated is yet unclear. By using a novel genetically-encoded FRET biosensor for Rab11, we report that generation of endosomal PtdIns(3)P by the clathrin-binding phosphoinositide 3-kinase class 2 alpha (PI3K-C2α) controls the activation of Rab11. Active Rab11, in turn, prompts the recruitment of the phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphatase myotubularin 1 (MTM1), eventually enabling the release of recycling cargo from the EE and its delivery toward the ERC...
June 18, 2018: Nature Chemical Biology
Tibor Pasinszki, Melinda Krebsz
Celiac disease is a chronic gluten-initiated autoimmune disorder that predominantly damages the mucosa of the small intestine in genetically-susceptible individuals. It affects a large and increasing number of the world’s population. The diagnosis of this disease and monitoring the response of patients to the therapy, which is currently a life-long gluten-free diet, require the application of reliable, rapid, sensitive, selective, simple, and cost-effective analytical tools. Celiac disease biomarker detection in full blood, serum, or plasma offers a non-invasive way to do this and is well-suited to being the first step of diagnosis...
June 16, 2018: Biosensors
A T M Mijanur Rahman, Do Hyeon Kim, Han Dong Jang, Jung Hwa Yang, Seung Ju Lee
A glucose biosensor was utilized as a platform for the time-temperature integrator (TTI), a device for intelligent food packaging. The TTI system is composed of glucose oxidase, glucose, a pH indicator, and a three-electrode potentiostat, which produces an electrical signal as well as color development. The reaction kinetics of these response variables were analyzed under isothermal conditions. The reaction rates of the electrical current and color changes were 0.0360 ± 0.0020 (95% confidence limit), 0.0566 ± 0...
June 15, 2018: Sensors
George M Vlăsceanu, Roxana-Maria Amărandi, Mariana Ioniță, Teddy Tite, Horia Iovu, Luisa Pilan, Jorge S Burns
Technological advances in engineering and cell biology stimulate novel approaches for medical treatment, in particular cell-based therapy. The first cell-based gene therapy against cancer was recently approved by the US Food and Drug Administration. Progress in cancer diagnosis includes a blood test detecting five cancer types. Numerous stem cell phase I/II clinical trials showing safety and efficacy will soon pursue qualifying criteria for advanced therapy medicinal products (ATMP), aspiring to join the first stem-cell therapy approved by the European Medicines Agency...
May 1, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
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