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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474547/suicidal-ideation-and-suicide-attempts-among-women-seeking-treatment-for-substance-use-and-trauma-symptoms
#1
Stella M Resko, Sarah Kruman Mountain, Suzanne Browne, David C Kondrat, Michael Kral
Substance use disorders and posttraumatic stress disorder have been associated with suicide. Through secondary analysis of the screening data from the Women and Trauma Study conducted by the National Institute on Drug Abuse Clinical Trials Network, the present study examined rates and correlates of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts among women who sought treatment for substance use and trauma at seven outpatient substance use programs. The sample included women between the ages of 18 and 65 years (M = 39...
February 21, 2018: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474213/the-opioid-epidemic-and-the-current-prevalence-of-substance-use-disorder-in-anesthesiologists
#2
Ethan O Bryson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There has been a substantial increase in prescription and illicit opioid abuse in the general population observed over the last two decades. Initially fueled by an influx of prescription opioid medications, the opioid epidemic now includes increasingly potent heroin and illicit fentanyl. Younger anesthesiologists, those currently in training or recent graduates, have come of age in a society where opioid abuse is much more prevalent. RECENT FINDINGS: The current prevalence of substance use disorder (SUD) in the physician population is slightly higher than in the general population and appears to be increasing...
February 22, 2018: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472948/craving-and-drug-reward-a-comparison-of-celecoxib-and-ibuprofen-in-detoxifying-opiate-addicts
#3
Sara Jafari, Sana Khajehpour, Emran Mohammad Razzaghi, Kazem Heidari, Mehdi Soleimani, Padideh Ghaeli
Objective: Craving for substance abuse is a usual and complicated problem in patients, with opioid addiction who are in opioid detoxifying process. Craving has been added as one of the diagnostic criteria of substance use disorders in DSM-5. The present trial aimed at comparing the effects of celecoxib versus ibuprofen in reducing pain and decreasing the desire to use opiates in patients undergoing opiate detoxification (n = 32). Method: A total of 32 patients (both inpatients and outpatients), who were undergoing opiate detoxification procedure and met the inclusion criteria entered this 4- week study...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472875/anxiety-and-depression-in-drug-dependent-patients-with-cluster-c-personality-disorders
#4
Carlos Roncero, Adelia de Miguel, Ascensión Fumero, Alfonso C Abad, Rita Martín, Juan Manuel Bethencourt, Lara Grau-López, Laia Rodríguez-Cintas, Constanza Daigre
Objective: Comorbidity between personality disorders (PD) and substance-use disorders (SUD) is one of the most common findings in the psychiatric field. The patients with Cluster C disorders present maladjustment traits often characterized by high levels of anxiety. The main aim of this study was to find evidences about higher anxiety and depression prevalence on Cluster C than others Clusters, analyzing similarities and differences within, with other Cluster A and B PD patients and patients without PD...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471929/employment-services-and-substance-abuse-treatment
#5
R Thomas Sherba, Kathryn A Coxe, Beth E Gersper, Jessica V Linley
This qualitative study of over 800 participants focused on the employment experiences of consumers of substance abuse treatment programs to provide a better understanding of what employment services are offered and what needs treatment agencies have in the area of employment services, examining barriers and facilitators from both the consumer and provider perspectives. Data were collected via a mixed research methodology of focus groups and surveys from July 2015 through June 2016 in a large Midwestern U.S...
April 2018: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471666/rural-ndash-urban-differences-in-exposure-to-adverse-childhood-experiences-among-south-carolina-adults
#6
Elizabeth Radcliff, Elizabeth Crouch, Melissa Strompolis
INTRODUCTION: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are traumatic events that occur in a child's life between birth and 18 years. Exposure to one or more ACE has been linked to participation in risky health behaviors and the experience of chronic health conditions in adulthood. The risk for poor outcomes increases as the number of ACEs experienced increases. This research investigates rural-urban differences in exposure to ACEs using a sample from a representative southern US state, South Carolina...
February 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469714/risky-business-behaviors-associated-with-indoor-tanning-in-us-high-school-students
#7
Stephanie Chapman, Kurt Ashack, Eric Bell, Myra Ann Sendelweck, Robert Dellavalle
BACKGROUND: Understanding of associations between indoor tanning and risky health related behaviors such as sexual activity and substance abuse among high school students across the United States is incomplete. OBJECTIVE: To identify risky health related behaviors among high school students utilizing indoor tanning and analyze differences between state specific data. METHODS: Results from the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) 2013 in 14 different states were analyzed...
September 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469667/10-year-outcome-of-suicidal-behavior-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#8
Paul H Soloff, Laurel Chiappetta
Prospective predictors of suicide attempts were assessed in 118 subjects with borderline personality disorder (BPD) after 10 or more years of follow-up. Mean (SD) time to follow-up was 14.4 (4.7) years. Subjects were predominately female (78.8%), Caucasian (81.4%), and of lower socioeconomic status. Initial recruitment was evenly balanced between inpatient, outpatient, and non-patient (community) sources. In the 10-year interval, 55 subjects (46.6%) attempted suicide. Compared to baseline, suicidal ideation, number of attempts, and non-suicidal self-injury diminished markedly...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467419/a-neuronal-mechanism-underlying-decision-making-deficits-during-hyperdopaminergic-states
#9
Jeroen P H Verharen, Johannes W de Jong, Theresia J M Roelofs, Christiaan F M Huffels, Ruud van Zessen, Mieneke C M Luijendijk, Ralph Hamelink, Ingo Willuhn, Hanneke E M den Ouden, Geoffrey van der Plasse, Roger A H Adan, Louk J M J Vanderschuren
Hyperdopaminergic states in mental disorders are associated with disruptive deficits in decision making. However, the precise contribution of topographically distinct mesencephalic dopamine pathways to decision-making processes remains elusive. Here we show, using a multidisciplinary approach, how hyperactivity of ascending projections from the ventral tegmental area (VTA) contributes to impaired flexible decision making in rats. Activation of the VTA-nucleus accumbens pathway leads to insensitivity to loss and punishment due to impaired processing of negative reward prediction errors...
February 21, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467073/the-consumption-of-new-psychoactive-substances-and-methamphetamine
#10
Elena Gomes de Matos, Tessa-Virginia Hannemann, Josefine Atzendorf, Ludwig Kraus, Daniela Piontek
BACKGROUND: The abuse of new psychoactive substances (NPS) and methamphetamine has severe adverse effects. Here we provide the first report of regional patterns in NPS and methamphetamine consumption in Germany, on the basis of epidemiologic data from six federal states (Bavaria, Hamburg, Hesse, North Rhine-Westphalia, Saxony, and Thuringia). METHODS: Data were derived from the 2015 Epidemiological Survey of Substance Abuse (Epidemiologischer Suchtsurvey) and supplemented with additional cases from the federal states that were studied...
January 26, 2018: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465662/social-vulnerability-in-congenital-syphilis-case-mothers-qualitative-assessment-of-cases-in-indiana-2014-2016
#11
Dawne DiOrio, Karen Kroeger, Amara Ross
BACKGROUND: Congenital syphilis occurs when a pregnant woman with syphilis is not diagnosed or treated and the infection is passed in utero, causing severe infant morbidity and mortality. Congenital syphilis is easily prevented if women receive timely and adequate prenatal care. Cases of congenital syphilis are considered indicators of problems in the safety net. However, maternal social and behavioral factors can impede women's care, even when providers follow guidelines. METHODS: We reviewed case interviews and maternal records for 23 congenital syphilis cases reported to CDC from Indiana between 2014 and 2016...
January 4, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464791/comparing-pharmacological-treatments-for-cocaine-dependence-incorporation-of-methods-for-enhancing-generalizability-in-meta-analytic-studies
#12
Ryoko Susukida, Rosa M Crum, Hwanhee Hong, Elizabeth A Stuart, Ramin Mojtabai
OBJECTIVES: Few head-to-head comparisons of cocaine dependence medications exist, and combining data from different randomized controlled trials (RCTs) is fraught with methodological challenges including limited generalizability of the RCT findings. This study applied a novel meta-analytic approach to data of cocaine dependence medications. METHODS: Data from 4 placebo-controlled RCTs (Reserpine, Modafinil, Buspirone, and Ondansetron) were obtained from the National Institute of Drug Abuse Clinical Trials Network (n = 456)...
February 21, 2018: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463327/past-trauma-and-future-choices-differences-in-discounting-in-low-income-urban-african-americans
#13
Carissa van den Berk-Clark, Joel Myerson, Leonard Green, Richard A Grucza
BACKGROUND: Exposure to traumatic events is surprisingly common, yet little is known about its effect on decision making beyond the fact that those with post-traumatic stress disorder are more likely to have substance-abuse problems. We examined the effects of exposure to severe trauma on decision making in low-income, urban African Americans, a group especially likely to have had such traumatic experiences. METHOD: Participants completed three decision-making tasks that assessed the subjective value of delayed monetary rewards and payments and of probabilistic rewards...
February 21, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463075/adverse-effects-of-doping-with-anabolic-androgenic-steroids-aas-in-competitive-athletics-recreational-sports-and-bodybuilding
#14
Elena Vorona, Eberhard Nieschlag
Despite the fact that sports organizations and legislators have introduced various mechanisms to discourage athletes from using performance and appearance enhancing substances a high percentage of athletes admits to their unabated application. In competitive athletics, bodybuilding and in recreational sports anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) continue to be the substances most abused. This review summarizes the side effects of AAS abuse on organs and system functions in both sexes. High doses of AAS cause a significant increase of erythrocytes und haemoglobin concentration, which may lead to thromboembolism, intracardiac thrombosis and stroke...
February 19, 2018: Minerva Endocrinologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461934/risk-and-protective-factors-for-self-harm-in-a-population-based-sample-of-transgender-youth
#15
Lindsay A Taliaferro, Barbara J McMorris, G Nicole Rider, Marla E Eisenberg
This study sought to identify factors distinguishing transgender/gender non-conforming (GNC) adolescents across three groups: no self-harm, non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) only, and NSSI and suicide attempt (NSSI +SA). Data were from the 2016 Minnesota Student Survey. The final analytic sample included 1,635 transgender/GNC students in grades 9 and 11. Logistic regression analyses determined factors that best distinguished transgender/GNC students who reported self-harm (NSSI only or NSSI +SA) from those who reported no self-harm, and transgender/GNC adolescents who reported NSSI +SA from those who reported NSSI only...
February 20, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459988/lifetime-prevalence-and-age-of-onset-of-mental-disorders-in-adults-from-the-argentinean-study-of-mental-health-epidemiology
#16
Alfredo H Cía, Juan Carlos Stagnaro, Sergio Aguilar Gaxiola, Horacio Vommaro, Gustavo Loera, María Elena Medina-Mora, Sebastían Sustas, Corina Benjet, Ronald C Kessler
PURPOSE: Although the Global Burden of Disease Study estimated that depressive disorders and anxiety disorders are the second and fifth leading causes of disability in Argentina, these estimates were based on imputations rather than epidemiological data. The policy implications of these results for the necessary expansion of mental health services in Argentina are sufficiently great that more direct estimates of the population burdens of common mental disorders are needed. Therefore, the purpose is to present the first results regarding lifetime prevalence, projected lifetime risk up to age 75, age-of-onset, cohort effects and socio-demographic correlates of DSM-IV mental disorders among adults (18+) from the general population of urban areas of Argentina...
February 19, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459820/high-throughput-measurement-of-locomotor-sensitization-to-volatilized-cocaine-in-drosophila-melanogaster
#17
Ana Filošević, Sabina Al-Samarai, Rozi Andretić Waldowski
Drosophila melanogaster can be used to identify genes with novel functional roles in neuronal plasticity induced by repeated consumption of addictive drugs. Behavioral sensitization is a relatively simple behavioral output of plastic changes that occur in the brain after repeated exposures to drugs of abuse. The development of screening procedures for genes that control behavioral sensitization has stalled due to a lack of high-throughput behavioral tests that can be used in genetically tractable organism, such as Drosophila ...
2018: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458930/veterans-in-substance-abuse-treatment-program-self-initiate-box-gardening-as-a-stress-reducing-therapeutic-modality
#18
Lauren P Lehmann, Jonna G Detweiler, Mark B Detweiler
OBJECTIVES: To assess the experiences of a veteran initiated horticultural therapy garden during their 28-day inpatient Substance Abuse Residential Rehabilitation Treatment Program (SARRTP). DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Veterans Affairs Medical Center (VAMC), Salem, Virginia, USA INTERVENTIONS: Group interviews with veterans from the last SARRTP classes and individual interviews with VAMC greenhouse staff in summer of 2016. OUTCOME MEASURES: Time spent in garden, frequency of garden visits, types of passive and active garden activities, words describing the veterans' emotional reactions to utilizing the garden...
February 2018: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457219/smokin-hot-adolescent-smoking-and-the-risk-of-psychosis
#19
A Mustonen, T Ahokas, T Nordström, G K Murray, P Mäki, E Jääskeläinen, A Heiskala, J J Mcgrath, J G Scott, J Miettunen, S Niemelä
OBJECTIVE: Daily smoking has been associated with a greater risk of psychosis. However, we are still lacking studies to adjust for baseline psychotic experiences and other substance use. We examined associations between daily smoking and psychosis risk in a 15-year follow-up while accounting for these covariates in a prospective sample (N = 6081) from the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1986. METHODS: Self-report questionnaires on psychotic experiences (PROD-screen), tobacco smoking and other substance use were completed when the cohort members were 15-16 years old...
February 18, 2018: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456938/deep-neck-space-infections-a-study-in-diabetic-population-in-a-tertiary-care-centre
#20
Kalpana Sharma, Devjani Das, Manish Joshi, Dipjyoti Barman, A J Sarma
This study is intended to analyze the clinical profile and outcomes of deep neck space infection in diabetic patients in our tertiary care centre. A prospective study of 1 year duration from 30th September 2015 to 30th September 2016 at department of Otorhinolaryngology, Gauhati Medical College and Hospital, Guwahati. A total of 45 diabetic patients who presented with DNSI are included in this study. Their demographic profile, etiology, bacteriology, treatment, duration of hospital stay, complications and outcomes have been analyzed...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
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