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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239896/adolescents-evaluations-of-the-quality-of-lifestyle-counselling-in-school-based-health-care
#1
Laura Myllymäki, Heidi Ruotsalainen, Maria Kääriäinen
BACKGROUND: Adolescents need effective lifestyle counselling precisely because health problems are so common. Good-quality lifestyle counselling can prevent the problems from becoming worse and decrease the costs of health care. Nurse practitioners in schools are well positioned to promote adolescent health. AIM: This study describes adolescents' evaluations of the quality of lifestyle counselling and factors related to it in school-based health care. METHODS: The data were collected from seventh- to ninth-grade adolescents (n = 846) using the Counselling Quality Instrument, from two junior high schools in northern Finland...
February 26, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238766/a-split-brain-case-study-on-the-hemispheric-lateralization-of-inhibitory-control
#2
Nicholas D'Alberto, Margaret Funnell, Alexandra Potter, Hugh Garavan
Understanding the neurobiological mechanisms underlying inhibitory control is crucial given its role in various disease states and substance abuse/misuse. Neuroimaging research examining inhibitory control has yielded conflicting results on the relative importance of the left and right hemisphere during successful inhibition of a motor response. In the current study, a split-brain patient was examined in order to assess the independent inhibitory capabilities of each hemisphere. The patient's right hemisphere exhibited superior inhibitory ability compared to his left hemisphere on three inhibitory control tasks...
February 23, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238395/profound-hypotension-and-bradycardia-in-the-setting-of-synthetic-cannabinoid-intoxication-a-case-series
#3
David O Andonian, Shauna R Seaman, Elaine B Josephson
Cannabinoids are the most commonly used illegal substances in the world [1]. Synthetic Cannabinoids (SCB) are also known as "Spice", "K2", "Spike", "herbal incense", "Cloud 9", "Mojo" and many others are becoming a large public health concern due to their increasing use, unpredictable toxicity, and abuse potential [2]. The most common reported toxicities with SCB use based on studies using Texas Poison control record are tachycardia, agitation and irritability, drowsiness, hallucinations, delusions, hypertension, nausea, confusion, dizziness, vertigo, chest pain, acute kidney injury, seizures, heart attacks and both ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes [3]...
January 12, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238208/ask-me-self-reported-features-of-adolescents-experiencing-neglect-or-emotional-maltreatment-a-rapid-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
A M Naughton, L E Cowley, V Tempest, S A Maguire, M K Mann, A M Kemp
BACKGROUND: Neglect is often overlooked in adolescence, due in part to assumptions about autonomy and misinterpretation of behaviors being part of normal adolescent development. Emotional maltreatment (abuse or neglect) has a damaging effect throughout the lifespan, but is rarely recognized amongst adolescents. Our review aims to identify features that adolescents experiencing neglect and/ or emotional maltreatment report. METHOD: A rapid review methodology searched 8 databases (1990-2014), supplemented by hand searching journals, and references, identifying 2,568 abstracts...
February 26, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237761/disordered-lives-life-circumstances-and-clinical-characteristics-of-very-frequent-users-of-emergency-departments-for-primary-mental-health-complaints
#5
Xiangfei Meng, Tracy Muggli, Marilyn Baetz, Carl D'Arcy
This study explored the life circumstances and clinical characteristics of very frequent users of emergency departments (EDs) presenting with a primary mental health complaint. Patients with 10 or more EDs visits in 2012 with a primary psychiatric diagnosis in a Canadian regional health authority were identified from electronic administrative files. The hospital charts for these patients were thoroughly reviewed for a three-year period, from 2011 to 2013. A retrospective thematic analysis was undertaken. Very frequent users of EDs were generally young to early middle aged, unemployed, living in transient accommodations, having substance abuse diagnoses, and self-referred to EDs for a variety of psychiatric and health symptoms and/or unmet needs...
February 21, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237758/stigma-and-social-support-in-substance-abuse-implications-for-mental-health-and-well-being
#6
Michèle D Birtel, Lisa Wood, Nancy J Kempa
Individuals with substance abuse may suffer from severe public and internalized stigma. Little is known about how social support can reduce stigma and improve mental health and well-being for them. This research examined how perceived stigma influences individuals in treatment for substance abuse, and whether internalized stigma and shame are mechanisms which link social support with better mental health and well-being. Sixty-four participants in treatment for substance abuse (alcohol, drugs), aged between 18 and 64, completed an online survey measuring perceived stigma, internalized stigma, shame, perceived social support, and mental health and well-being (self-esteem, depression and anxiety, sleep)...
February 20, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237050/characterizing-fentanyl-use-in-methadone-maintained-clients
#7
Cynthia L Arfken, Jessica Suchanek, Mark K Greenwald
AIMS: Deaths attributed to fentanyl have increased in the United States. However, little is known about fentanyl use among substance abuse treatment clients. To fill this gap, we assessed prevalence of fentanyl exposure, characteristics of clients testing positive for fentanyl, other substances detected concurrently or simultaneously with fentanyl, and clients' perception of how many people are actively seeking to use fentanyl. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted of all clients at one methadone maintenance treatment clinic between January 2015 and May 2016 in Wayne County, Michigan...
April 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236902/the-important-role-of-mental-illness-and-substance-abuse-in-successful-management-of-hiv-infection
#8
EDITORIAL
John Brion, Jeanne Kemppainen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236512/timing-matters-a-randomized-control-trial-of-recovery-coaches-in-foster-care
#9
Joseph P Ryan, Brian E Perron, Andrew Moore, Bryan G Victor, Kune Park
Substance use disorders are a major problem for child welfare systems. The abuse of and dependence on alcohol and drugs by parents increases the risk of child maltreatment and interferes with efforts to locate a permanent home for children in foster care. The current study focuses on an intervention designed to increase the probability of reunification for foster children associated with substance using families. We focus specific attention on the timing of the intervention, in particular the timing of comprehensive screening and access to substance abuse services in relation to the temporary custody hearing...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236511/do-patient-characteristics-moderate-the-effect-of-extended-release-naltrexone-xr-ntx-for-opioid-use-disorder
#10
Peter D Friedmann, Donna Wilson, Edward V Nunes, Randall Hoskinson, Joshua D Lee, Michael Gordon, Sean M Murphy, Richard J Bonnie, Donna T Chen, Tamara Y Boney, Charles P O'Brien
BACKGROUND: Extended release naltrexone (XR-NTX) injected intramuscularly monthly has been shown to reduce relapse in persons with opioid use disorder. Baseline factors, including patients' demographics, comorbidities and lifestyle, may help identify patients who will benefit most or least from XR-NTX treatment. METHODS: Potential moderators of XR-NTX's effect were examined in the largest North American randomized open-label effectiveness trial of XR-NTX. Relapse status (Yes/No) at 6-month follow-up was regressed on treatment group (XR-NTX, N=153; or Treatment-as-Usual [TAU], N=155), baseline covariates, and their two-way interaction to identify moderator effects...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236017/correlates-of-motivational-interviewing-use-among-substance-use-treatment-programs-serving-american-indians-alaska-natives
#11
Daniel Dickerson, Laurie A Moore, Traci Rieckmann, Calvin D Croy, Kamilla Venner, Jacquelene Moghaddam, Rebekah Gueco, Douglas K Novins
Motivational interviewing (MI) offers a treatment modality that can help meet the treatment needs of American Indians/Alaska Natives (AI/ANs) with substance use disorders. This report presents results from a national survey of 192 AI/AN substance abuse treatment programs with regard to their use of MI and factors related to its implementation, including program characteristics, workforce issues, clinician perceptions of MI, and how clinicians learned about MI. Sixty-six percent of programs reported having implemented the use of MI in their programs...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231493/availability-of-tobacco-cessation-services-in-substance-use-disorder-treatment-programs-impact-of-state-tobacco-control-policy
#12
Amanda J Abraham, Grace Bagwell-Adams, Jayani Jayawardhana
OBJECTIVE: Given the high prevalence of smoking among substance use disorder (SUD) patients, the specialty SUD treatment system is an important target for adoption and implementation of tobacco cessation (TC) services. While research has addressed the impact of tobacco control on individual tobacco consumption, largely overlooked in the literature is the potential impact of state tobacco control policies on availability of services for tobacco cessation. This paper examines the association between state tobacco control policy and availability of TC services in SUD treatment programs in the United States...
February 9, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231492/family-history-density-of-substance-use-problems-among-undergraduate-college-students-associations-with-heavy-alcohol-use-and-alcohol-use-disorder
#13
Gregory Powers, Lisa Berger, Daniel Fuhrmann, Michael Fendrich
PURPOSE: A family history of alcoholism has been found associated with problematic alcohol use among college students, but less research has examined the effects of family history density of substance use problems in this population. This study examined the prevalence of family history density of substance use problems and its associations with heavy alcohol use, negative alcohol consequences, and alcohol use disorder in a college sample. METHODS: Based on a secondary analysis of a probability sample, data were analyzed from 606 undergraduate students...
February 9, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230632/schizophrenia-and-substance-abuse-is-schizophrenia-forgotten
#14
Lynn E DeLisi, Wolfgang W Fleischhacker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230387/a-computer-adaptive-testing-version-of-the-addiction-severity-index-multimedia-version-asi-mv-the-addiction-severity-cat
#15
Stephen F Butler, Ryan A Black, Stacey A McCaffrey, Jessica Ainscough, Ann M Doucette
The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a computer adaptive testing (CAT) version of the Addiction Severity Index-Multimedia Version (ASI-MV), the Addiction Severity CAT. This goal was accomplished in 4 steps. First, new candidate items for Addiction Severity CAT domains were evaluated after brainstorming sessions with experts in substance abuse treatment. Next, this new item bank was psychometrically evaluated on a large nonclinical (n = 4,419) and substance abuse treatment (n = 845) sample. Based on these results, final items were selected and calibrated for the creation of the Addiction Severity CAT algorithms...
February 23, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228177/psychiatric-diagnoses-in-older-people-with-intellectual-disability-in-comparison-with-the-general-population-a-register-study
#16
A Axmon, P Björne, L Nylander, G Ahlström
AIMS: To describe the occurrence of psychiatric diagnoses in a specialist care setting in older people with intellectual disability (ID) in relation to those found in the same age group in the general population. METHOD: A cohort of people with ID (n = 7936), aged 55 years or more in 2012, was identified, as was an age and sex-matched cohort from the general population (n = 7936). Information regarding psychiatric diagnoses during 2002-2012 was collected from the National Patient Register, which contains records from all inpatient care episodes and outpatient specialist visits in Sweden...
February 23, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228087/beyond-ketamine-new-approaches-to-the-development-of-safer-antidepressants
#17
Shigeyuki Chaki
Ketamine has been reported to exert rapid and sustained antidepressant effects in patients with depression, including patients with treatment-resistant depression. However, ketamine has several drawbacks such as psychotomimetic/dissociative symptoms, abuse potential and neurotoxicity, all of which prevent its routine use in daily clinical practice. Therefore, development of novel agents with fewer safety and usage concerns for the treatment of depression has been actively investigated. From this standpoint, searching for active substances (stereoisomers and metabolites) and agents acting on the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor have recently gained much attention...
February 20, 2017: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226334/prescription-opioid-abuse-in-chronic-pain-an-updated-review-of-opioid-abuse-predictors-and-strategies-to-curb-opioid-abuse-part-2
#18
Alan D Kaye, Mark R Jones, Adam M Kaye, Juan G Ripoll, Donald E Jones, Vincent Galan, Burton D Beakley, Frank Calixto, Jamie L Bolden, Richard D Urman, Laxmaiah Manchikanti
Chronic pain and prescription opioid abuse are extremely prevalent in the United States and worldwide. The consequences of opioid misuse can be life-threatening with significant morbidity and mortality, exacting a heavy toll on patients, physicians, and society. The risk for misuse of prescribed opioids is much higher in patients with chronic pain, especially those with concurrent substance use and /or mental health disorders. Several reasons can account for the occurrence of opioid abuse and misuse, including self-medication, use for reward, compulsive use related to addiction, and diversion for profit...
February 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226333/prescription-opioid-abuse-in-chronic-pain-an-updated-review-of-opioid-abuse-predictors-and-strategies-to-curb-opioid-abuse-part-1
#19
Alan D Kaye, Mark R Jones, Adam M Kaye, Juan G Ripoll, Vincent Galan, Burton D Beakley, Frank Calixto, Jamie L Bolden, Richard D Urman, Laxmaiah Manchikanti
Chronic pain and prescription opioid abuse are extremely prevalent both in this country and worldwide. Consequences of opioid misuse can be life-threatening with significant morbidity and mortality, exacting a heavy toll on patients, physicians, and society. Individuals with chronic pain and co-occurring substance use disorders and/or mental health disorders, are at a higher risk for misuse of prescribed opioids. Opioid abuse and misuse occurs for a variety of reasons, including self-medication, use for reward, compulsive use because of addiction, and diversion for profit...
February 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226332/responsible-safe-and-effective-prescription-of-opioids-for-chronic-non-cancer-pain-american-society-of-interventional-pain-physicians-asipp-guidelines
#20
Laxmaiah Manchikanti, Adam M Kaye, Nebojsa Nick Knezevic, Heath McAnally, Konstantin Slavin, Andrea M Trescot, Susan Blank, Vidyasagar Pampati, Salahadin Abdi, Jay S Grider, Alan D Kaye, Kavita N Manchikanti, Harold Cordner, Christopher G Gharibo, Michael E Harned, Sheri L Albers, Sairam Atluri, Steve M Aydin, Sanjay Bakshi, Robert L Barkin, Ramsin M Benyamin, Mark V Boswell, Ricardo M Buenaventura, Aaron K Calodney, David L Cedeno, Sukdeb Datta, Timothy R Deer, Bert Fellows, Vincent Galan, Vahid Grami, Hans Hansen, Standiford Helm Ii, Rafael Justiz, Dhanalakshmi Koyyalagunta, Yogesh Malla, Annu Navani, Kent H Nouri, Ramarao Pasupuleti, Nalini Sehgal, Sanford M Silverman, Thomas T Simopoulos, Vijay Singh, Daneshvari R Solanki, Peter S Staats, Ricardo Vallejo, Bradley W Wargo, Arthur Watanabe, Joshua A Hirsch
BACKGROUND: Opioid use, abuse, and adverse consequences, including death, have escalated at an alarming rate since the 1990s. In an attempt to control opioid abuse, numerous regulations and guidelines for responsible opioid prescribing have been developed by various organizations. However, the US opioid epidemic is continuing and drug dose deaths tripled during 1999 to 2015. Recent data show a continuing increase in deaths due to natural and semisynthetic opioids, a decline in methadone deaths, and an explosive increase in the rates of deaths involving other opioids, specifically heroin and illicit synthetic fentanyl...
February 2017: Pain Physician
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