keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

IRI

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334143/childhood-alopecia-areata-data-from-the-national-alopecia-areata-registry
#1
Iris Wohlmuth-Wieser, Joyce S Osei, David Norris, Vera Price, Maria K Hordinsky, Angela Christiano, Madeleine Duvic
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Alopecia areata may occur at any age and is the third-most-common dermatosis in children. The objective of this study was to investigate the clinical and epidemiologic features of children and adolescents with alopecia areata based on the data of the National Alopecia Areata registry on children and adolescents. METHODS: Two thousand two hundred eighteen children and adolescents with alopecia areata self-enrolled in the National Alopecia Areata Registry and completed a web-based, self-administered, short-intake screening questionnaire (first tier)...
January 15, 2018: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333888/primary-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-of-the-ciliary-body
#2
Hayyam Kiratli, Abdullah Ağın, Berrin Büyükeren, Figen Söylemezoğlu
PURPOSE: To report an unusual case of an eye with primary ciliary body lymphoma which came to enucleation allowing detailed histopathological examination. METHODS: A 50-year-old man presented with a painful loss of vision in the left eye. The clinical, imaging, and immunohistopathological features of this case were reviewed. RESULTS: The vision in the left eye was light perception. There were keratic precipitates, an irregular and thickened iris with neovascularization...
January 15, 2018: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333830/-treatment-with-sublingual-desmopressin-in-two-infants-with-hydranencephaly-and-central-diabetes-insipidus
#3
Gustavo R Marín, Berta Baspineiro, Iris Vilca
Central diabetes insipidus is a rare disease in children caused by a deficiency of vasopressin. Its main clinical manifestations are polyuria and polydipsia. Brain malformations are one of the main causes. Desmopressin is the synthetic drug of choice for the treatment. One of the routes of administration is sublingual and its use in infants is very limited. We describe two infants with central diabetes insipidus and hydranencephaly who were successfully treated with sublingual desmopressin.
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333828/-congenital-horner-syndrome-case-report
#4
Romina B Vera Olivera, Loreley FernándezI, Ana P Arias, Diego Ballarino, Andrea Jara
Horner syndrome is characterized by the following triad of clinical signs: miosis, ptosis and facial anhidrosis. In addition, iris heterochromia, conjunctival injection, facial erythema, congestive nasal mucosa and apparent enophthalmos secondary to the reduction of the palpebral fissure can appear. It is caused by an interruption of the sympathetic pathway that extends from the hypothalamus to the orbit. Because there is no decussation, the signs are homolateral to the lesion. Traditionally, it is classified as congenital and acquired...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333797/septic-sacroiliitis-a-diagnostic-challenge-for-the-clinician
#5
Asaf Shemer, Iris Eshed, Moshe Levinkopf
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333790/crohn-s-disease-behavior-and-location-is-altered-when-associated-with-primary-sclerosing-cholangitis
#6
Oren Iny, Henit Yanai, Shay Matalon, Erwin Santo, Oren Shibolet, Iris Dotan, Nitsan Maharshak
BACKGROUND: Up to 3.4% of Crohn's disease (CD) patients will be diagnosed with concomitant primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC). Despite the worldwide increase incidence of CD, data on the clinical characteristics of PSC-CD patients are scarce. OBJECTIVES: To clinically characterize CD in patients who have concomitant PSC. METHODS: A retrospective case-control analysis was conducted with 18 CD patients with concomitant PSC who attended the Inflammatory Bowel Disease Center at the Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center between 2011-2014 (PSC-CD patients)...
January 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331589/the-iridocorneal-endothelial-syndrome
#7
REVIEW
Luis Silva, Ahmad Najafi, Yanin Suwan, Chaiwat Teekhasaenee, Robert Ritch
The iridocorneal endothelial syndrome (ICE) represents a unique group of ocular pathologies (Chandler syndrome, progressive iris atrophy, and Cogan-Reese syndrome) characterized by the proliferation of corneal endothelial cells that migrate toward the iridocorneal angle and iris surface causing, to a degree varying according to the subtype, corneal edema and decompensation, and secondary glaucoma, whether by obstructing the angle or producing peripheral anterior synechiae by contraction of the basement membrane of the migrating cells over the surface of the iris...
January 10, 2018: Survey of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331294/-study-of-the-results-scleral-fixated-intraocular-lenses-in-the-absence-of-capsular-support
#8
A Benarous, A Drimbea, S Milazzo
INTRODUCTION: In the absence of sufficient capsular support, scleral fixation of the intraocular lens is an interesting alternative. The goal is to evaluate this implantation technique when traditional implantation is impossible. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is an observational, retrospective, monocentric study at the Amiens university medical center between August 2013 and March 2016. Patients all underwent scleral fixation of a three-piece implant without suturing of the haptics, after posterior vitrectomy...
January 10, 2018: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330812/evaluation-of-the-effect-of-alogliptin-on-tissue-characteristics-of-the-carotid-wall-subanalysis-of-the-spead-a-trial
#9
Yoko Irie, Naoto Katakami, Tomoya Mita, Mitsuyoshi Takahara, Taka-Aki Matsuoka, Masahiko Gosho, Hirotaka Watada, Iichiro Shimomura
INTRODUCTION: Ultrasonic tissue characterization of the carotid wall using gray-scale median (GSM) reflects its composition and low-GSM plaque is considered to be unstable. The present study evaluated the effect of alogliptin, a dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor, on the longitudinal change in GSM, an index of the tissue characteristics of the carotid wall, in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). METHODS: This is a post hoc subanalysis using data obtained from the SPEAD-A trial, a randomized controlled trial that demonstrated the beneficial effect of alogliptin treatment on the progression of carotid intima-media thickness in patients with T2DM with no past history of apparent cardiovascular disease...
January 12, 2018: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330749/toxicity-and-efficacy-of-lomustine-and-bevacizumab-in-recurrent-glioblastoma-patients
#10
J N Jakobsen, T Urup, K Grunnet, A Toft, M D Johansen, S H Poulsen, I J Christensen, A Muhic, H S Poulsen
The combination of lomustine and bevacizumab is a commonly used salvage treatment for recurrent glioblastoma (GBM). We investigated the toxicity and efficacy of lomustine plus bevacizumab (lom-bev) in a community-based patient cohort and made a comparison to another frequently used combination therapy consisting of irinotecan plus bevacizumab (iri-bev). Seventy patients with recurrent GBM were treated with lomustine 90 mg/m2 every 6 weeks and bevacizumab 10 mg/kg every 2 weeks. Toxicity was registered and compared to the toxicity observed in 219 recurrent GBM patients who had previously been treated with irinotecan 125 mg/m2 and bevacizumab 10 mg/kg every 2 weeks...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330638/predictors-of-severe-postoperative-hyperglycemia-after-cardiac-surgery-in-infants-a-single-center-retrospective-observational-study
#11
Natsuhiro Yamamoto, Tomoya Irie, Shunsuke Takaki, Osamu Yamaguchi, Takahisa Goto
PURPOSE: Hyperglycemia is a common issue in infants after cardiac surgery for congenital heart disease. Poor glycemic control is suspected to be associated with adverse postoperative outcomes. This study was performed to investigate clinical factors contributing to hyperglycemia in the perioperative period in infats. METHODS: A total of 69 infants (aged 1-12 months) who were admitted to Yokohama City University Hospital Intensive Care Unit (ICU) after surgical repair of congenital heart diseases with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) were retrospectively analysed...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329369/a-network-approach-to-exploring-the-functional-basis-of-gene-gene-epistatic-interactions-in-disease-susceptibility
#12
Danny Kit-Sang Yip, Landon L Chan, Iris K Pang, Wei Jiang, Nelson L S Tang, Weichuan Yu, Kevin Y Yip
Motivation: Individual genetic variants explain only a small fraction of heritability in some diseases. Some variants have weak marginal effects on disease risk, but their joint effects are significantly stronger when occurring together. Most studies on such epistatic interactions have focused on methods for identifying the interactions and interpreting individual cases, but few have explored their general functional basis. This was due to the lack of a comprehensive list of epistatic interactions and uncertainties in associating variants to genes...
January 10, 2018: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329279/diosgenin-protects-rats-from-myocardial-inflammatory-injury-induced-by-ischemia-reperfusion
#13
Hong-Wei Wang, Hua-Jin Liu, Hua Cao, Zeng-Yong Qiao, Ya-Wei Xu
BACKGROUND Diosgenin, a phytosteroid sapogenin, has anti-inflammatory properties shown to reduce myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (MIRI). However, the specific mechanism by which this is achieved is not clear. This study investigated the protective effects of diosgenin on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) and the potential anti-inflammatory mechanisms. MATERIAL AND METHODS Healthy adult male SD rats, body weight (b.w.) 250-280 g, were used to model ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) and were administered diosgenin (50 mg/kg and 100 mg/kg b...
January 12, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329140/slit-lamp-needling-of-the-anterior-capsule-for-aqeuous-misdirection-post-hyaloido-zonulectomy-and-iridectomy
#14
Pierre G Mardelli, Marc E Mardelli
INTRODUCTION: We present a case of persistent aqueous misdirection post Ahmed glaucoma valve despite undergoing an anterior vitrectomy with hyaloido-zonulectomy, and iridectomy. CASE REPORT: A 73 year old female 4 months post phaco-trabeculectomy was referred with persistent high IOP. Post-operatively, she developed aqueous misdirection with a flat anterior chamber (AC) but with an IOP of 15▒mm Hg. On presentation her AC was shallow with peripheral iris-cornea touch and IOP was 39▒mm Hg...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329100/a-web-based-system-for-bayesian-benchmark-dose-estimation
#15
Kan Shao, Andrew J Shapiro
BACKGROUND: Benchmark dose (BMD) modeling is an important step in human health risk assessment and is used as the default approach to identify the point of departure for risk assessment. A probabilistic framework for dose-response assessment has been proposed and advocated by various institutions and organizations; therefore, a reliable tool is needed to provide distributional estimates for BMD and other important quantities in dose-response assessment. OBJECTIVES: We developed an online system for Bayesian BMD (BBMD) estimation and compared results from this software with U...
January 11, 2018: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328189/massive-ordering-and-alignment-of-cylindrical-micro-objects-by-photovoltaic-optoelectronic-tweezers
#16
Iris Elvira, Juan F Muñoz-Martínez, Álvaro Barroso, Cornelia Denz, José B Ramiro, Angel García-Cabañes, Fernando Agulló-López, Mercedes Carrascosa
Optical tools for manipulation and trapping of micro- and nano-objects are a fundamental issue for many applications in nano- and biotechnology. This work reports on the use of one such method, known as photovoltaic optoelectronics tweezers, to orientate and organize cylindrical microcrystals, specifically elongated zeolite L, on the surface of Fe-doped LiNbO3 crystal plates. Patterns of aligned zeolites have been achieved through the forces and torques generated by the bulk photovoltaic effect. The alignment patterns with zeolites parallel or perpendicular to the substrate surface are highly dependent on the features of light distribution and crystal configuration...
January 1, 2018: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327668/impact-of-3-tesla-mri-on-interobserver-agreement-in-clinically-isolated-syndrome-a-magnims-multicentre-study
#17
Marloes Hj Hagens, Jessica Burggraaff, Iris D Kilsdonk, Serena Ruggieri, Sara Collorone, Rosa Cortese, Niamh Cawley, Emilia Sbardella, Michaela Andelova, Michael Amann, Johanna M Lieb, Patrizia Pantano, Birgit I Lissenberg-Witte, Joep Killestein, Celia Oreja-Guevara, Jens Wuerfel, Olga Ciccarelli, Claudio Gasperini, Carsten Lukas, Alex Rovira, Frederik Barkhof, Mike P Wattjes
BACKGROUND: Compared to 1.5 T, 3 T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) increases signal-to-noise ratio leading to improved image quality. However, its clinical relevance in clinically isolated syndrome suggestive of multiple sclerosis remains uncertain. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate how 3 T MRI affects the agreement between raters on lesion detection and diagnosis. METHODS: We selected 30 patients and 10 healthy controls from our ongoing prospective multicentre cohort...
January 1, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327337/generalized-nonmotor-absence-seizures-what-do-absence-generalized-and-nonmotor-mean
#18
REVIEW
Iris Unterberger, Eugen Trinka, Peter W Kaplan, Gerald Walser, Gerhard Luef, Gerhard Bauer
OBJECTIVE: Clinical absences are now classified as "generalized nonmotor (absence) seizures" by the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE). The aim of this paper is to critically review the concept of absences and to put the accompanying focal and motor symptoms into the context of the emerging pathophysiological knowledge. METHODS: For this narrative review we performed an extensive literature search on the term "absence," and analyzed the plethora of symptoms observed in clinical absences...
January 11, 2018: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327262/risk-of-neoplastic-progression-among-patients-with-an-irregular-z-line-on-long-term-follow-up
#19
David Itskoviz, Zohar Levi, Doron Boltin, Alex Vilkin, Yifat Snir, Rachel Gingold-Belfer, Yaron Niv, Iris Dotan, Ram Dickman
BACKGROUND: Barrett's esophagus (BE) is a known complication of gastroesophageal reflux disease. In a previous study, we described a high prevalence of intestinal metaplasia (IM) in patients with an irregular Z line. However, the clinical importance of this finding is unclear. GOALS: To evaluate the long-term development of BE and relevant complications in patients diagnosed with an irregular Z line, with or without IM, on routine esophago-gastro-duodenoscopy (EGD)...
January 11, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325496/maternal-thyrotropin-receptor-antibody-concentration-and-the-risk-of-fetal-and-neonatal-thyrotoxicosis-a-systematic-review
#20
Myrthe Marguerite van Dijk, Iris Smits, Eric Fliers, Peter H Bisschop
BACKGROUND: In pregnant women with Graves' disease, maternal thyrotropin receptor antibodies (TRAb) can cross the placenta and induce fetal or neonatal thyrotoxicosis. Symptoms of fetal thyrotoxicosis are tachycardia, intrauterine growth restriction and intra-uterine death. Recommendations on an upper limit of TRAb concentrations below which intensive fetal monitoring can be safely omitted vary between different guidelines. The objective of this study was to define an evidence-based cut-off level for maternal TRAb necessitating additional fetal monitoring during pregnancy...
January 12, 2018: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
keyword
keyword
33397
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"