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Iris Bomilcar, Robin G Morris, Richard G Brown, Daniel C Mograbi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Lack of awareness about impairments is commonly found in Alzheimer disease (AD), but recent evidence suggests that patients may respond to the experience of illness despite limited awareness. In this study, we explored whether implicit emotional responses to experiences of failure in cognitive tasks would result in longer-term change in behavior. METHODS: Twenty-two patients with AD were seen 1 week after a previous session in which they performed computer tasks that had been manipulated to be either too difficult (failure condition) or very easy (success condition) for them...
March 2018: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
Minako Nagatome, Yuki Kondo, Daisuke Kadowaki, Yusuke Saishyo, Mitsuru Irikura, Tetsumi Irie, Yoichi Ishitsuka
Acetaminophen, a common analgesic/antipyretic, is a frequent cause of acute liver failure in Western countries. The development of an effective cure against acetaminophen hepatotoxicity is crucial. Ethyl pyruvate, an ethyl ester derivative of pyruvic acid, has been identified as a possible candidate against acetaminophen hepatotoxicity in animal experiments. However, the mode of the hepatoprotective action of ethyl pyruvate remains unclear. We examined the hepatoprotective effect of ethyl pyruvate against hepatocyte injury and oxidative stress in a mouse model of acetaminophen hepatotoxicity...
February 2018: Heliyon
Benedikt Treml, Axel Kleinsasser, Karl-Heinz Stadlbauer, Iris Steiner, Werner Pajk, Michael Pilch, Martin Burtscher, Hans Knotzer
As is known, hypoxia leads to an increase in microcirculatory blood flow of the skin in healthy volunteers. In this pilot study, we investigated microcirculatory blood flow and reactive hyperemia of the skin in healthy subjects in normobaric hypoxia. Furthermore, we examined differences in microcirculation between hypoxic subjects with and without short-term acclimatization, whether or not skin microvasculature can acclimatize. Fourty-six healthy persons were randomly allocated to either short-term acclimatization using intermittent hypoxia for 1 h over 7 days at an FiO2 0...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Marwan Mannaa, Lajos Markó, András Balogh, Emilia Vigolo, Gabriele N'diaye, Mario Kaßmann, Laura Michalick, Ulrike Weichelt, Kai M Schmidt-Ott, Wolfgang B Liedtke, Yu Huang, Dominik N Müller, Wolfgang M Kuebler, Maik Gollasch
Transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4) cation channels are functional in all renal vascular segments and mediate endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation. Moreover, they are expressed in distinct parts of the tubular system and activated by cell swelling. Ischaemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) is characterized by tubular injury and endothelial dysfunction. Therefore, we hypothesised a putative organ protective role of TRPV4 in acute renal IRI. IRI was induced in TRPV4 deficient (Trpv4 KO) and wild-type (WT) control mice by clipping the left renal pedicle after right-sided nephrectomy...
March 20, 2018: Scientific Reports
Neyla Ben Gdara, Amel Belgacem, Ikram Khemiri, Safa Mannai, Lotfi Bitri
In this study, phycocyanin (Pc) extracted from Spirulina platensis was used to evaluate its antioxidants effects after ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) using the ex-vivo model of isolated perfused rat liver. The rats were divided into eight groups : Control group, where livers were directly perfused after their removal; Cold Ischemia group (CI), livers were treated in the same way as the control group, except that after their collection, they were stored for 12 h and 24 h in the Krebs Henseleit (KH) preservation solution at 4 °C and Treated group (PHY), livers were preserved in the same way as the preceding group except that the KH solution was enriched with phycocyanin at two different concentrations...
March 17, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Karin Kfir-Elirachman, Rona Ortenberg, Bella Vizel, Michal J Besser, Iris Barshack, Jacob Schachter, Yael Nemlich, Gal Markel
BRAF becomes constitutively activated in 50% to 70% of melanoma cases. CEACAM1 has a dual role in melanoma, including facilitation of cell proliferation and suppression of infiltrating lymphocytes, which are consistent with its value as a marker for poor prognosis in melanoma patients. Here we show that BRAFV600E melanoma cells treated with BRAF and MEK inhibitors (MAPKi) downregulate CEACAM1 mRNA and protein expression in a dose- and exposure time-dependent manners. Indeed, there is a significant correlation between the presence of BRAFV600E and CEACAM1 expression in melanoma specimens obtained from 45 patients...
March 17, 2018: Neoplasia: An International Journal for Oncology Research
Zhihui Lu, Nana Song, Bo Shen, XiaLian Xu, Yi Fang, Yiqin Shi, Yichun Ning, Jiachang Hu, Yan Dai, Xiaoqiang Ding, Jianzhou Zou, Jie Teng
BACKGROUND: The hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) target pathway plays pivotal renoprotective roles after acute kidney injury (AKI). Syndecan-1 serves as the co-receptor for HGF. Shedding of syndecan-1 is involved in various pathological processes. Thus, we hypothesized that IRI induced syndecan-1 shedding and inhibiting syndecan-1 shedding would protect against kidney injury by potentiating activation of the HGF receptor c-Met. METHODS: Expression of syndecan-1 and its sheddases were observed in kidneys of sham and I/R mice...
March 20, 2018: Transplantation
Magalie S Leduc, Marianne Mcguire, Suneeta Madan-Khetarpal, Damara Ortiz, Susan Hayflick, Kory Keller, Christine M Eng, Yaping Yang, Weimin Bi
PRR12 encodes a proline-rich protein nuclear factor suspected to be involved in neural development. Its nuclear expression in fetal brains and in the vision system supports its role in brain and eye development more specifically. However, its function and potential role in human disease has not been determined. Recently, a de novo t(10;19) (q22.3;q13.33) translocation disrupting the PRR12 gene was detected in a girl with intellectual disability and neuropsychiatric alterations. Here we report on three unrelated patients with heterozygous de novo apparent loss-of-function mutations in PRR12 detected by clinical whole exome sequencing: c...
March 19, 2018: Human Genetics
Marlene Wesselmann, Mercedes González-Wangüemert, Ester A Serrão, Aschwin H Engelen, Lionel Renault, José R García-March, Carlos M Duarte, Iris E Hendriks
For marine meta-populations with source-sink dynamics knowledge about genetic connectivity is important to conserve biodiversity and design marine protected areas (MPAs). We evaluate connectivity of a Mediterranean sessile species, Pinna nobilis. To address a large geographical scale, partial sequences of cytochrome oxidase I (COI, 590 bp) were used to evaluate phylogeographical patterns in the Western Mediterranean, and in the whole basin using overlapping sequences from the literature (243 bp). Additionally, we combined (1) larval trajectories based on oceanographic currents and early life-history traits and (2) 10 highly polymorphic microsatellite loci collected in the Western Mediterranean...
March 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
Marcello Panagia, Howard H Chen, Dominique Croteau, Yin-Ching Iris Chen, Chongzhao Ran, Ivan Luptak, Lee Josephson, Wilson S Colucci, David E Sosnovik
BACKGROUND: Substrate utilization in tissues with high energetic requirements could play an important role in cardiometabolic disease. Current techniques to assess energetics are limited by high cost, low throughput, and the inability to resolve multiple readouts simultaneously. Consequently, we aimed to develop a multiplexed optical imaging platform to simultaneously assess energetics in multiple organs in a high throughput fashion. METHODS AND RESULTS: The detection of 18F-Fluordeoxyglucose uptake via Cerenkov luminescence and free fatty acid uptake with a fluorescent C16 free fatty acid was tested...
March 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
Ken-Ichi Kaneko, Masaaki Tanaka, Akira Ishii, Yumiko Katayama, Takayoshi Nakaoka, Satsuki Irie, Hideki Kawahata, Takashi Yamanaga, Yasuhiro Wada, Takeshi Miyake, Kota Toshimoto, Kazuya Maeda, Yilong Cui, Masaru Enomoto, Etsushi Kawamura, Norifumi Kawada, Joji Kawabe, Susumu Shiomi, Hiroyuki Kusuhara, Yuichi Sugiyama, Yasuyoshi Watanabe
Various positron emission tomography (PET) probes have been developed to assess the in vivo activities of drug transporters in humans, that aid in the prediction of pharmacokinetic properties of drugs and the impact of drug-drug interactions. We developed a new PET probe, [11C ]dehydropravastatin ([11 C]DPV), and demonstrated its usefulness for the quantitative investigation of Oatps/SLCO and Mrp2/ABCC2 in rats. To further analyze the species differences and verify the pharmacokinetic parameters in humans, serial PET scanning of the abdominal region with [11 C]DPV was performed in six healthy volunteers with and without an OATP1Bs and MRP2 inhibitor, rifampicin (600 mg, oral), in a crossover fashion...
March 19, 2018: Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals
Esther Mahabir, Ruth Volland, Adrian Landsberger, Sabine Manz, Ellen Na, Iris Urban, Geert Michel
Embryo transfer (ET) is a frequent procedure in contemporary animal and transgenic facilities. We compared the reproductive performance of mice after unilateral and bilateral ET of 15 to 18 two-cell embryos per recipient. The genetic backgrounds of the donors were C57BL/6J (B6J), C57BL/6N (B6N), or fewer than 5 generations of backcrossing to B6 (unknown substrain, <5G B6). The pregnancy rate was significantly higher for bilateral than for unilateral ET for B6J lines (85.4% compared with 79%) but similar between modes for B6N (73...
March 1, 2018: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
Gad Baneth, Gilad Segev, Michal Mazaki-Tovi, Hila Chen, Sharon Kuzi
BACKGROUND: Renal disease is considered the main cause of natural mortality in dogs with canine leishmaniosis. The pathological mechanisms associated with kidney injury in canine leishmaniosis include immune complex glomerulonephritis, tubulointerstitial nephritis and occasionally renal amyloidosis. Proteinuria is a frequent finding in canine leishmaniosis and its quantification by the urine protein-creatinine ratio (UPC) is an important parameter in the staging of canine lesihmaniosis as presented by the LeishVet group...
March 20, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
Vishal Salunkhe, Iris M De Cuyper, Petros Papadopoulos, Pieter F van der Meer, Brunette B Daal, María Villa-Fajardo, Dirk de Korte, Timo K van den Berg, Laura Gutiérrez
Platelet concentrates (PCs) represent a blood transfusion product with a major concern for safety as their storage temperature (20-24°C) allows bacterial growth, and their maximum storage time period (less than a week) precludes complete microbiological testing. Pathogen inactivation technologies (PITs) provide an additional layer of safety to the blood transfusion products from known and unknown pathogens such as bacteria, viruses, and parasites. In this context, PITs, such as Mirasol Pathogen Reduction Technology (PRT), have been developed and are implemented in many countries...
March 19, 2018: Platelets
Toshiaki Teratani, Kengo Tomita, Takahiro Suzuki, Hirotaka Furuhashi, Rie Irie, Makoto Nishikawa, Junji Yamamoto, Toshifumi Hibi, Soichiro Miura, Tohru Minamino, Yuichi Oike, Ryota Hokari, Takanori Kanai
Incidence of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), which is considered a hepatic manifestation of metabolic syndrome, has been increasing worldwide with the rise in obesity; however, its pathological mechanism is poorly understood. Here, we demonstrate that the hepatic expression of aortic carboxypeptidase-like protein (ACLP), a glycosylated, secreted protein, increases in NASH in humans and mice. Furthermore, we elucidate that ACLP is a ligand, unrelated to WNT proteins, that activates the canonical WNT pathway and exacerbates NASH pathology...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Investigation
Elodie F Briefer, Anne-Laure Maigrot, Roi Mandel, Sabrina Briefer Freymond, Iris Bachmann, Edna Hillmann
This corrects the article DOI: 10.1038/srep09989.
March 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
Frans Moll, Iris Baumgartner, Michael Jaff, Chuke Nwachuku, Marco Tangelder, Gary Ansel, George Adams, Thomas Zeller, John Rundback, Michael Grosso, Min Lin, Michele F Mercur, Erich Minar
PURPOSE: To report a randomized study that investigated the safety (risk of major bleeds) and potential efficacy of edoxaban, an oral anticoagulant that targets the major components of arterial thrombi, to prevent loss of patency following endovascular treatment (EVT). METHODS: Between February 2012 and June 2014, 203 patients who underwent femoropopliteal EVT were randomized to receive aspirin plus edoxaban or aspirin plus clopidogrel for 3 months in the Edoxaban in Peripheral Arterial Disease (ePAD) study ( ClinicalTrials...
April 2018: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
Ya Bian, Meng-Sheng Liu, Li-Yuan Zhang, Guo-Chuan Li, Jian-Ming Feng, Xia Liang, Yu-Guang Zheng, Jing Wang
In order to explore the anti-inflammatory activity and active ingredient basis from the leaves of the Belamcanda chinensis and Iris tectorum, we established an HPLC method for simultaneous determination of six anti-inflammatory active ingredient contents in the root of the B. chinensis and I. tectorum as well as their leaves with different dry methods, and the anti-inflammatory effects of the extract were studied by the mouse ear swelling experiment. The HPLC analysis was performed on an Agilent WondaSil© C₁₈-WR(4...
January 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Canan Koksal, Ugur Akbas, Nazmiye Donmez Kesen, Murat Okutan, Hatice Bilge, Gonul Kemikler
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to perform pretreatment patient-specific quality assurance (QA) for intracranial irradiation using CyberKnife with an ion chamber. METHODS: Twenty-five intracranial plans created using the ray-tracing algorithm were used for this study. Computed tomography (CT) images of the water-equivalent RW3 slab phantom with PinPoint ionization chamber were acquired with 1-mm slice thickness and transferred to the MultiPlan treatment planning system (TPS)...
January 2018: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
Grace M Wang, Daniel Thuente, Brenda L Bohnsack
Purpose: Congenital ectropion uvea is a rare anomaly, which is associated with open, but dysplastic iridocorneal angles that cause childhood glaucoma. Herein, we present 3 cases of angle-closure glaucoma in children with congenital ectropion uvea. Observations: Three children were initially diagnosed with unilateral glaucoma secondary to congenital ectropion uvea at 7, 8 and 13 years of age. The three cases showed 360° of ectropion uvea and iris stromal atrophy in the affected eye...
June 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
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