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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212519/early-calibration-of-the-hpa-axis-by-maternal-psychopathology
#1
Heidemarie Laurent
Given the central role of stress-responsive neurophysiology in mental and physical health, it is important to understand how particular patterns of stress responsivity may become entrained by the early caregiving environment. In this study we investigated links between maternal depression and anxiety symptom profiles and within-infant development of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis responses from 6 to 18 months of life. Associations with infant cognitive and social-emotional development were also tested to gauge the adjustment implications of HPA response trajectories...
February 1, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212505/long-term-validity-of-the-at-risk-mental-state-arms-for-predicting-psychotic-and-non-psychotic-mental-disorders
#2
P Fusar-Poli, G Rutigliano, D Stahl, C Davies, A De Micheli, V Ramella-Cravaro, I Bonoldi, P McGuire
BACKGROUND: The long-term clinical validity of the At Risk Mental State (ARMS) for the prediction of non-psychotic mental disorders is unknown. METHODS: Clinical register-based cohort study including all non-psychotic individuals assessed by the Outreach And Support in South London (OASIS) service (2002-2015). The primary outcome was risk of developing any mental disorder (psychotic or non-psychotic). Analyses included Cox proportional hazard models, Kaplan-Meier survival/failure function and C statistics...
December 6, 2016: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212499/validation-of-the-french-version-of-the-dsm-5-yale-food-addiction-scale-in-a-nonclinical-sample
#3
Paul Brunault, Robert Courtois, Ashley N Gearhardt, Philippe Gaillard, Kevin Journiac, Sarah Cathelain, Christian Réveillère, Nicolas Ballon
OBJECTIVE: The Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS) is the only questionnaire that assesses food addiction (FA) based on substance dependence criteria in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), Fourth Edition, Text Revision. Following recent updating of addiction criteria, a new DSM-5 version (YFAS 2.0) has been developed. Our study tested the psychometric properties of the French YFAS 2.0 in a nonclinical population. METHOD: We assessed 330 nonclinical participants for FA (French YFAS 2...
March 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212197/screening-children-for-abuse-and-neglect-a-review-of-the-literature
#4
Mary Hoft, Lisa Haddad
Child abuse and neglect occur in epidemic numbers in the United States and around the world, resulting in major physical and mental health consequences for abused children in the present and future. A vast amount of information is available on the signs and symptoms and short- and long-term consequences of abuse. A limited number of instruments have been empirically developed to screen for child abuse, with most focused on physical abuse in the context of the emergency department, which have been found to be minimally effective and lacking rigor...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212173/prediction-of-conversion-to-psychosis-in-individuals-with-an-at-risk-mental-state-a-brief-update-on-recent-developments
#5
Anita Riecher-Rössler, Erich Studerus
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: So far, only little more than one-third of individuals classified as being at-risk for psychosis have been shown to actually convert to frank psychosis during follow-up. There have therefore been enormous efforts to improve the accuracy of predicting this transition. We reviewed the most recent studies in the field with the aim to clarify whether accuracy of prediction has been improved by the different research endeavors and what could be done to further improve it, and/or what alternative goals research should pursue...
February 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211669/3-aminomethyl-derivatives-of-2-phenylimidazo-1-2-a-pyridine-as-positive-allosteric-modulators-of-gabaa-receptor-with-potential-antipsychotic-activity
#6
Monika Marcinkowska, Marcin Kolaczkowski, Krzysztof Kamiński, Adam Bucki, Maciej Henryk Pawlowski, Agata Siwek, Tadeusz Karcz, Gabriela Starowicz, Karolina Sloczynska, Elżbieta Pękala, Anna Wesołowska, Jerzy Samochowiec, Paweł Mierzejewski, Przemyslaw Bienkowski
Schizophrenia is a mental illness characterized by behavioral changes as well as anatomical and neurochemical abnormalities. There has been a remarkable progress in the drug discovery for schizophrenia; however, antipsychotics that act through molecular targets, other than monoaminergic receptors, have not been developed. One of the hypotheses of schizophrenia states that GABAergic dysfunction might be implemented in the pathophysiology of this disease. Our recent findings and previous clinical observations have suggested that modulation of GABAergic system through α1-GABAA receptors would represent an original approach for the treatment of schizophrenia...
February 17, 2017: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211594/substance-dependence-among-those-without-symptoms-of-substance-abuse-in-the-world-mental-health-survey
#7
Luise Lago, Meyer D Glantz, Ronald C Kessler, Nancy A Sampson, Ali Al-Hamzawi, Silvia Florescu, Jacek Moskalewicz, Sam Murphy, Fernando Navarro-Mateu, Yolanda Torres de Galvis, Maria Carmen Viana, Miguel Xavier, Louisa Degenhardt
The World Health Organization (WHO) World Mental Health (WMH) Survey Initiative uses the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI). The first 13 surveys only assessed substance dependence among respondents with a history of substance abuse; later surveys also assessed substance dependence without symptoms of abuse. We compared results across the two sets of surveys to assess implications of the revised logic and develop an imputation model for missing values of lifetime dependence in the earlier surveys...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211554/psychiatric-illnesses-in-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-psychiatric-comorbidity-and-biological-underpinnings
#8
REVIEW
Jarosław Nowakowski, Adrian Andrzej Chrobak, Dominika Dudek
Inflammatory bowel disease is a group of chronic medical conditions comprising Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis that involves increased frequency of mental disorders. The most common psychiatric disorders in inflammatory bowel disease are depression and anxiety, however, some epidemiologic and biological evidence suggest that other disorders like bipolar disorder occur more often. Biological mechanisms concerning both inflammatory bowel disease and depression or anxiety explain susceptibility to developing mental disorders in inflammatory bowel disease...
December 23, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211552/incidence-of-postpartum-depression-and-couple-relationship-quality
#9
Aleksandra Małus, Justyna Szyluk, Beata Galińska-Skok, Beata Konarzewska
OBJECTIVES: The childbirth constitutes a significant event in a woman's life and in the marital/ couple dyad. The changes which follow childbirth require re-organization of previous coping styles and development of new methods of adaptation, which proves difficult. The current study evaluated to what extent the development of postpartum depression symptoms in new mothers was associated with their level of satisfaction in marital relationship. METHODS: The study included 100 women in their first month after delivery...
December 23, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211551/eating-habits-and-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-patients-with-recurrent-depressive-disorders
#10
Ewa Stefańska, Agnieszka Wendołowicz, Urszula Cwalina, Beata Konarzewska, Napoleon Waszkiewicz, Lucyna Ostrowska
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the research was to assess the fatty acid content and atherogenicity of daily food rations in patients with recurrent depressive disorders in the aspect of risk of developing cardiovascular disease. METHODS: The study included 126 persons (62 persons with diagnosed recurrent depressive disorders and 64 healthy volunteers). A 24-hour recall was used in the quantitative assessment of the diet. Anthropometric and chemical measurements as well as body composition analysis were used to assess the nutritional status...
December 23, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211317/primary-human-cytomegalovirus-hcmv-infection-in-pregnancy
#11
Horst Buxmann, Klaus Hamprecht, Matthias Meyer-Wittkopf, Klaus Friese
BACKGROUND: In 0.5-4% of pregnancies, the prospective mother sustains a primary infection with human cytomegalovirus (HCMV). An HCMV infection of the fetus in the first or second trimester can cause complex post-encephalitic impairment of the infant brain, leading to motor and mental retardation, cerebral palsy, epilepsy, retinal defects, and progressive hearing loss. METHODS: This review is based on pertinent publications from January 2000 to October 2016 that were retrieved by a selective search in PubMed employing the terms "cytomegalovirus and pregnancy" and "congenital cytomegalovirus...
January 27, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210933/proposals-for-paraphilic-disorders-in-the-international-classification-of-diseases-and-related-health-problems-eleventh-revision-icd-11
#12
Richard B Krueger, Geoffrey M Reed, Michael B First, Adele Marais, Eszter Kismodi, Peer Briken
The World Health Organization is currently developing the 11th revision of the International Classifications of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-11), with approval of the ICD-11 by the World Health Assembly anticipated in 2018. The Working Group on the Classification of Sexual Disorders and Sexual Health (WGSDSH) was created and charged with reviewing and making recommendations for categories related to sexuality that are contained in the chapter of Mental and Behavioural Disorders in ICD-10 (World Health Organization 1992a)...
February 16, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210346/mental-toughness-in-talented-youth-tennis-players-a-comparison-between-on-court-observations-and-a-self-reported-measure
#13
Ruben Houwer, Tamara Kramer, Ruud den Hartigh, Nikki Kolman, Marije Elferink-Gemser, Barbara Huijgen
In tennis, mental toughness is often considered highly important in achieving the elite level. The current study is the first to examine behavioural expressions of mental toughness on the court and their relationships with self-reported measures. Based on the input of five experienced tennis coaches of junior tennis players and behaviours used in previous studies, we developed a taxonomy consisting of six positive behaviours and ten negative ones. To investigate the relationship between these on-court behaviours of mental toughness and how the players rated their own mental toughness, emotional control in particular, six talented tennis players (aged 10-13) were recorded during tennis matches and filled out the self-reported measure of mental toughness (MTQ48)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210230/acute-mental-discomfort-associated-with-suicide-behavior-in-a-clinical-sample-of-patients-with-affective-disorders-ascertaining-critical-variables-using-artificial-intelligence-tools
#14
Susana Morales, Jorge Barros, Orietta Echávarri, Fabián García, Alex Osses, Claudia Moya, María Paz Maino, Ronit Fischman, Catalina Núñez, Tita Szmulewicz, Alemka Tomicic
AIM: In efforts to develop reliable methods to detect the likelihood of impending suicidal behaviors, we have proposed the following. OBJECTIVE: To gain a deeper understanding of the state of suicide risk by determining the combination of variables that distinguishes between groups with and without suicide risk. METHOD: A study involving 707 patients consulting for mental health issues in three health centers in Greater Santiago, Chile. Using 345 variables, an analysis was carried out with artificial intelligence tools, Cross Industry Standard Process for Data Mining processes, and decision tree techniques...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210220/mri-based-classification-models-in-prediction-of-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia-in-late-life-depression
#15
Aleksandra K Lebedeva, Eric Westman, Tom Borza, Mona K Beyer, Knut Engedal, Dag Aarsland, Geir Selbaek, Asta K Haberg
Objective: Late-life depression (LLD) is associated with development of different types of dementia. Identification of LLD patients, who will develop cognitive decline, i.e., the early stage of dementia would help to implement interventions earlier. The purpose of this study was to assess whether structural brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in LLD patients can predict mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or dementia 1 year prior to the diagnosis. Methods: LLD patients underwent brain MRI at baseline and repeated clinical assessment after 1-year...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209982/severe-decline-of-estimated-glomerular-filtration-rate-associates-with-progressive-cognitive-deterioration-in-the-elderly-a-community-based-cohort-study
#16
Yi-Chi Chen, Shuo-Chun Weng, Jia-Sin Liu, Han-Lin Chuang, Chih-Cheng Hsu, Der-Cherng Tarng
Cognitive dysfunction is closely related to aging and chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, the association between renal function changes and the risk of developing cognitive impairment has not been elucidated. This longitudinal cohort study was to determine the influence of annual percentage change in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) on subsequent cognitive deterioration or death of the elderly within the community. A total of 33,654 elders with eGFR measurements were extracted from the Taipei City Elderly Health Examination Database...
February 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209604/birth-size-risk-factors-across-life-and-cognition-in-late-life-protocol-of-prospective-longitudinal-follow-up-of-the-mynah-mysore-studies-of-natal-effects-on-ageing-and-health-cohort
#17
Murali Krishna, G Mohan Kumar, S R Veena, G V Krishnaveni, Kalyanaraman Kumaran, Samuel Christaprasad Karat, Patsy Coakley, Clive Osmond, John R M Copeland, Giriraj Chandak, Dattatray Bhat, Mathew Varghese, Martin Prince, Caroline Fall
INTRODUCTION: For late-life neurocognitive disorders, as for other late-life chronic diseases, much recent interest has focused on the possible relevance of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHaD). Programming by undernutrition in utero, followed by overnutrition in adult life may lead to an increased risk, possibly mediated through cardiovascular and metabolic pathways. This study will specifically examine, if lower birth weight is associated with poorer cognitive functioning in late life in a south Indian population...
February 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209439/post-polio-syndrome-cases-report-and-review-of-literature
#18
Żanna Pastuszak, Adam Stępień, Kazimierz Tomczykiewicz, Renata Piusińska-Macoch, Dariusz Galbarczyk, Agnieszka Rolewska
It is estimated that around 15 million people survived polio infection worldwide since early twentieth century. In 1950 effective vaccination was used for first time. Since that time number of affected people decreased. The last epidemic of Haine-Medine disease in Poland was in 1950s. Another rare cases of infections were observed till 1970s. About at least 15 years after polio virus infection, slowly progressive muscle limbs paresis with muscle atrophy, joints pain, paresthesia were observed in polio survivors...
February 3, 2017: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208966/study-of-parental-perceptions-on-health-social-needs-of-children-with-neuro-developmental-disability-and-it-s-impact-on-the-family
#19
Nusrat Jahan Rafique Ansari, Ramchandra Keshav Dhongade, Preeti Sagar Lad, Ashwin Borade, Suvarna Yg, Vishal Yadav, Ashwini Mehetre, Rahul Kulkarni
INTRODUCTION: The term Neuro Developmental Disorder (NDD) is used for conditions caused by a dysfunction in any part of the brain or nervous system, resulting in physical and/or psychological symptoms as a child develops. Family of children with NDD face many problems. It is very important to find them and create awareness so that gaps in essential services and supports can be decreased. AIM: To explore parental perceptions on health & social needs of children with NDD, to understand the impact of disability on the families having children with disability, and to find out the parental perceptions on availability of services for children with NDD and its utilization by families...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208890/operational-assessment-of-icds-scheme-at-grass-root-level-in-a-rural-area-of-eastern-india-time-to-introspect
#20
Jyotiranjan Sahoo, Preetam B Mahajan, Sourabh Paul, Vikas Bhatia, Abhinash K Patra, Dilip Kumar Hembram
INTRODUCTION: Integrated Child Development Service (ICDS), a flagship program of Government of India (GoI) for early childhood development hasn't delivered the desired results since its inception four decades ago. This could be due to infrastructural problems, lack of awareness and proper utilization by the local people, inadequate program monitoring and corruption in food supplies, etc. This study is an audit of 36 Anganwadi centres at Khordha district, Odisha, to evaluate the implementation of the ICDS...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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