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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475104/distress-and-sleep-quality-in-young-amphetamine-type-stimulant-users-with-an-affective-or-psychotic-illness
#1
Jacob J Crouse, Rico S C Lee, Django White, Ahmed A Moustafa, Ian B Hickie, Daniel F Hermens
Misuse of amphetamine-type stimulant (ATS) drugs may disrupt key neurodevelopmental processes in young people and confer protracted neurocognitive and psychopathological harm. ATS users with a co-occurring psychiatric illness are typically excluded from research, reducing generalisability of findings. Accordingly, we conducted a cross-sectional examination of key clinical, sleep, socio-occupational and neurocognitive measures in current, past and never users of ATS drugs who were accessing a youth mental health service (headspace) for affective- or psychotic-spectrum illnesses...
February 17, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475058/using-intervention-mapping-for-child-development-and-wellbeing-programs-in-early-childhood-education-and-care-settings
#2
Amanda O'Connor, Claire Blewitt, Andrea Nolan, Helen Skouteris
Supporting children's social and emotional learning benefits all elements of children's development and has been associated with positive mental health and wellbeing, development of values and life skills. However, literature relating to the creation of interventions designed for use within the early childhood education and care settings to support children's social and emotional skills and learning is lacking. Intervention Mapping (IM) is a systematic intervention development framework, utilising principles centred on participatory co-design methods, multiple theoretical approaches and existing literature to enable effective decision-making during the development process...
February 14, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475055/toxic-stress-history-and-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis-function-in-a-social-stress-task-genetic-and-epigenetic-factors
#3
Hannah E Lapp, Sarah Ahmed, Celia L Moore, Richard G Hunter
Histories of early life stress (ELS) or social discrimination can reach levels of severity characterized as toxic to mental and physical health. Such toxic social stress during development has been linked to altered acute hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) response to social stress in adulthood. However, there are important individual differences in the size and direction of these effects. We explored developmental, genetic, epigenetic, and contextual sources of individual differences in the relationship between ELS, discrimination, and adult responses to acute social stress in a standard laboratory test...
February 21, 2018: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474661/models-of-schizotypy-the-importance-of-conceptual-clarity
#4
Phillip Grant, Melissa J Green, Oliver J Mason
The observation of psychosis-like traits that resemble symptoms of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, both among healthy relatives of psychotic patients and among the general population, can be traced to the early 20th century.1,2 These traits have since been described within various models of illness and health (ie, normal/abnormal personality, abnormal psychotic continua), each giving rise to concepts such as "schizotypy," "psychoticism," and "psychosis-proneness" that are not necessarily interchangeable, although their subtle distinctions are often overlooked...
February 21, 2018: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474479/exclusive-breastfeeding-promotion-and-neuropsychological-outcomes-in-5-8-year-old-children-from-uganda-and-burkina-faso-results-from-the-promise-ebf-cluster-randomized-trial
#5
James K Tumwine, Victoria Nankabirwa, Hama Abdoulaye Diallo, Ingunn Marie Stadskleiv Engebretsen, Grace Ndeezi, Paul Bangirana, Anselme Simeon Sanou, Espérance Kashala-Abotnes, Michael Boivin, Bruno Giordani, Irene Bircow Elgen, Penny Holding, Angelina Kakooza-Mwesige, Vilde Skylstad, Joyce Nalugya, Thorkild Tylleskar, Nicolas Meda
BACKGROUND: The beneficial effects from exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) have been widely acknowledged. We assessed the effect of exclusive breastfeeding promotion by peer counsellors in Uganda and Burkina Faso, on cognitive abilities, social emotional development, school performance and linear growth among 5-8 years old children. METHODS: Children in the PROMISE EBF trial (2006-2008) were re-enrolled in the follow-up PROMISE Saving Brains (SB) study (2013-2015). Caretaker interviews captured sociodemographic characteristics and social emotional development using the parent version of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474104/recovering-from-provoked-vestibulodynia-experiences-from-encounters-with-somatocognitive-therapy
#6
Kristine Grimen Danielsen, Tone Dahl-Michelsen, Elin Håkonsen, Gro Killi Haugstad
Although provoked vestibulodynia (PVD) represents a significant challenge for many young women in the Western world, little is known about how these women experience therapeutic efforts. The aim of this paper is to enhance our knowledge of the way that the therapeutic process is experienced by women with PVD undergoing somatocognitive therapy (SCT). The study enhances insight into this recently developed therapy through a detailed description of the physiotherapy approach. The empirical data are based on interviews with six women who participated in SCT...
February 23, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473691/assessing-cognitive-dysfunction-in-parkinson-s-disease-an-online-tool-to-detect-visuo-perceptual-deficits
#7
Rimona S Weil, Dietrich S Schwarzkopf, Bahador Bahrami, Stephen M Fleming, Ben M Jackson, Tristam J C Goch, Ayse P Saygin, Luke E Miller, Katerina Pappa, Ivanna Pavisic, Rachel N Schade, Alastair J Noyce, Sebastian J Crutch, Aidan G O'Keeffe, Anette E Schrag, Huw R Morris
BACKGROUND: People with Parkinson's disease (PD) who develop visuo-perceptual deficits are at higher risk of dementia, but we lack tests that detect subtle visuo-perceptual deficits and can be performed by untrained personnel. Hallucinations are associated with cognitive impairment and typically involve perception of complex objects. Changes in object perception may therefore be a sensitive marker of visuo-perceptual deficits in PD. OBJECTIVE: We developed an online platform to test visuo-perceptual function...
February 23, 2018: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473646/research-review-intergenerational-transmission-of-disadvantage-epigenetics-and-parents-childhoods-as-the-first-exposure
#8
Pamela Scorza, Cristiane S Duarte, Alison E Hipwell, Jonathan Posner, Ana Ortin, Glorisa Canino, Catherine Monk
BACKGROUND: For decades, economists and sociologists have documented intergenerational transmission of socioeconomic disadvantage, demonstrating that economic, political, and social factors contribute to 'inherited hardship'. Drawing on biological factors, the developmental origins of adult health and disease model posits that fetal exposure to maternal prenatal distress associated with socioeconomic disadvantage compromises offspring's neurodevelopment, affecting short- and long-term physical and mental health, and thereby psychosocial standing and resources...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473400/-objective-while-waiting-for-health-insurance-coverage-unaccompanied-foreign-minors-ufm-can-attend-pass-healthcare-access-clinics-in-french-hospitals-the-aim-of-this-study-was-to-identify-ufm-s-representations-and-perceptions-of-the-french-health-care-system
#9
Marion Guégan, Elisabeth Rivollier
OBJECTIVE: While waiting for health insurance coverage, unaccompanied foreign minors (UFM) can attend PASS healthcare access clinics in French hospitals. The aim of this study was to identify UFM's representations and perceptions of the French health care system. METHODS: This qualitative study was based on a series of individual, semi-structured interviews of UFMs attending a PASS clinic. The methodology was approved by the French data protection authority and an ethics committee...
January 30, 2018: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472954/evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-the-friends-for-life-program-on-children-s-anxiety-and-depression
#10
Fatemeh Moharreri, Aazam-Sadat Heydari Yazdi
Objective: Anxiety disorders and depression during childhood and adolescence are among highly prevalent serious mental health problems, which lead to reduced performance in children and can also negatively affect children's emotional and social long-term development. This study, which was conducted in Mashhad in 2015, aimed at evaluating the effectiveness of the Friends for Life cognitive-behavioral program in reducing the symptoms of anxiety and depression in children. Method: In this controlled clinical trial, 248 male students aged 10 were screened for mild to moderate symptoms of anxiety and depression using the Revised Children's Manifest Anxiety (RCMA) and the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI)...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472872/pharmacoresistant-severe-mental-health-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-functional-abnormalities-of-cytochrome-p450-2d6
#11
Susanne Thümmler, Emmanuelle Dor, Renaud David, Graziella Leali, Michele Battista, Alexia David, Florence Askenazy, Céline Verstuyft
Background: Severe mental health disorders in children and adolescents represent a major public health problem. Despite adequate drug treatment, some patients develop pharmacoresistant disease. As a consequence, physicians are confronted with prescribing challenges, prolonged hospitalization and increased risk of adverse events, thus aggravating short-, medium-, and long-term prognosis. The majority of psychotropic treatments, particularly antipsychotics and antidepressants, are metabolized at hepatic level by cytochrome P450 (CYP), particularly by CYP3A4 and CYP2D6...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472851/self-active-relaxation-therapy-sart-and-self-regulation-a-comprehensive-review-and-comparison-of-the-japanese-body-movement-approach
#12
REVIEW
Russell S Kabir, Yutaka Haramaki, Hyeyoung Ki, Hiroyuki Ohno
Relaxation programs are known for their versatility, cost-effectiveness, and ability to help people obtain skills to regulate their mental states and promote and maintain health. Self-Active Relaxation Therapy (SART) is a body-oriented approach to psychological rehabilitation that grew out of the suite of movement tasks developed in the Japanese psychotherapy known as Dohsa-hou , or the body movement method. The program for SART is designed to stretch, twist, and release areas of the upper, lower, and whole body through a set of movements which are guided by the practitioner and performed "self-actively" by the client to empower them to learn to recognize points of tension in the body and act on their own to achieve a relaxed state...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472491/child-health-outcomes-after-presumptive-infection-treatment-in-pregnant-women-a-randomized-trial
#13
Lotta Hallamaa, Yin Bun Cheung, Kenneth Maleta, Mari Luntamo, Ulla Ashorn, Melissa Gladstone, Teija Kulmala, Charles Mangani, Per Ashorn
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We showed earlier that presumptive infection treatment in pregnancy reduced the prevalence of neonatal stunting in a rural low-income setting. In this article, we assess how these gains were sustained and reflected in childhood growth, development, and mortality. METHODS: We enrolled 1320 pregnant Malawian women in a randomized trial and treated them for malaria and other infections with either 2 doses of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) (control), monthly SP, or monthly sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine and 2 doses of azithromycin (AZI-SP)...
February 22, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472177/implementation-of-the-enhanced-moderated-online-social-therapy-most-model-within-a-national-youth-e-mental-health-service-eheadspace-protocol-for-a-single-group-pilot-study-for-help-seeking-young-people
#14
Simon Rice, John Gleeson, Steven Leicester, Sarah Bendall, Simon D'Alfonso, Tamsyn Gilbertson, Eoin Killackey, Alexandra Parker, Reeva Lederman, Greg Wadley, Olga Santesteban-Echarri, Ingrid Pryor, Daveena Mawren, Aswin Ratheesh, Mario Alvarez-Jimenez
BACKGROUND: There is a substantial need for youth electronic mental health (e-mental health) services. In addressing this need, our team has developed a novel moderated online social therapy intervention called enhanced moderated online social therapy (MOST+). MOST+ integrates real-time, clinician-delivered Web chat counseling, interactive user-directed online therapy, expert and peer moderation, and private and secure peer-to-peer social networking. MOST+ has been designed to give young people immediate, 24-hour access to anonymous, evidence-based, and short-term mental health care...
February 22, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471471/cohort-profile-maternal-mental-health-and-child-development-in-situations-of-past-violent-conflict-and-ongoing-adversity-the-dili-birth-cohort-study
#15
W A Tol, S J Rees, A K Tay, N Tam, A da Costa Saldanha Segurado, Z M da Costa, E S da Costa Soares, A da Costa Alves, N Martins, D M Silove
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471206/state-trait-anxiety-levels-during-pregnancy-and-foetal-parameters-following-intervention-with-music-therapy
#16
J Garcia-Gonzalez, M I Ventura-Miranda, M Requena-Mullor, T Parron-Carreño, R Alarcon-Rodriguez
BACKGROUND: Research indicates that anxiety during pregnancy may be a risk factor for the development of alterations in the mental health of the pregnant woman and of obstetric complications. OBJECTIVE: to investigate the effect of music therapy on maternal anxiety, before and after a non-stress test (NST), and the effect of maternal anxiety on the birthing process and birth size. METHODS: 409 nulliparous women coming for routine prenatal care were randomized in the third trimester to receive either music therapy (n = 204) or no music therapy (n = 205) during an NST...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471178/a-role-for-epistemic-trust-in-speech-language-pathology-a-tutorial-paper
#17
Angela Clarke, Pamela J Meredith, Tanya A Rose, Michael Daubney
This paper provides an introduction to epistemic trust for speech-language pathologists (SLPs). 'Epistemic trust' describes a specific form of trust that an individual places in others when learning about the world, particularly the social world. To date, the relevance of epistemic trust to SLP clinical practice has received little theoretical or empirical attention. The aim of this paper is to define epistemic trust and explain its relationship with parent-child attachment and mentalization which have, in turn, been linked with language development and use...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470853/-how-of-all-the-millions-of-people%C3%A2-re-examination-of-a-question-from-an-early-mri-research-project
#18
Carlos E Sluzki
"How, of all the millions of people in the world, did the two of you get together?", a question to be addressed conjointly to a couple, part of a Structure Family Interview developed during the early heydays of the Mental Research Institute at Palo Alto, California, is analyzed in terms of structure, process and outcome of responses to it, and discussed as a powerful research and clinical tool with current potentials, as it provides in a succinct fashion remarkable insights into a narrative that is constitutive of the couple and, by omission or commission, revealing in terms of the couple's evolution...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469214/food-neglect-and-infant-development
#19
Jesse J Helton, Theodore P Cross, Michael G Vaughn, Tatiana Gochez-Kerr
The impact of food insecurity on child development in the general U.S. population is well-established, yet little is known about the harm of food neglect relative to other types of maltreatment. Due to the harmful physiological impact of inadequate nutrients and the social impact of food-related stress, it was hypothesized that food neglect would be more likely to impair infant cognitive and language development than physical abuse, sexual abuse, and other forms of neglect. Families of infants (N = 1,951) investigated by Child Protective Services were studied using the second cohort of the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being (NSCAW II; NSCAW Research Group, 2002)...
February 22, 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468922/the-impact-of-perceived-discrimination-on-personality-among-chinese-migrant-children-the-moderating-role-of-parental-support
#20
Xiaoping Xiang, Daniel Fu Keung Wong, Ke Hou
BACKGROUND: Previous research has indicated that perceived discrimination has harmful effects on migrant children's physical, mental and behavioral health. However, little is known as to whether these harmful effects cumulate to impact on migrant children's personalities. AIMS: This study examines the effect of perceived discrimination on personality, as well as the moderating role of parental support in the discrimination-personality linkage. METHODS: A purposeful convenience sample of 215 migrant children in Beijing, China, completed a standardized questionnaire...
February 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
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