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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655175/associations-of-acetylcholinesterase-inhibitor-treatment-with-reduced-mortality-in-alzheimer-s-disease-a-retrospective-survival-analysis
#1
Christoph Mueller, Gayan Perera, Richard D Hayes, Hitesh Shetty, Robert Stewart
Background: dementia is increasingly recognised as life-limiting condition. Although the benefits of acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (AChEIs) on cognition and function are well established, their effect on survival is less clear. Objective: to investigate associations between AChEI prescription and mortality in patients with Alzheimer's dementia (AD) in a naturalistic setting, using detailed baseline data on cognition, functioning, and mental and physical wellbeing...
June 24, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654411/a-multi-method-investigation-of-pragmatic-development-in-individuals-with-down-syndrome
#2
Michelle Lee, Lauren Bush, Gary E Martin, Jamie Barstein, Nell Maltman, Jessica Klusek, Molly Losh
This longitudinal study examined pragmatic language in boys and girls with Down syndrome (DS) at up to three time points, using parent report, standardized and direct assessments. We also explored relationships among theory of mind, executive function, nonverbal mental age, receptive and expressive vocabulary, grammatical complexity, and pragmatic competence. Controlling for cognitive and language abilities, children with DS demonstrated greater difficulty than younger typically developing controls on parent report and standardized assessments, but only girls with DS differed on direct assessments...
July 2017: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653549/sociodemographic-and-clinical-profiles-of-homeless-mentally-ill-admitted-in-mental-health-institute-of-south-india-know-the-unknown-project
#3
Guru S Gowda, G Gopika, Narayana Manjunatha, Channaveerachari Naveen Kumar, Ravi Yadav, Dwarakanath Srinivas, Bharath Rose Dawn, Suresh Bada Math
OBJECTIVES: A significant number of homeless mentally ill (HMI) patients without any personal, family or other identification details represent a unique problem in the psychiatric services of developing countries like India in the context of legal, humanitarian and treatment issues. These patients pose challenge to the mental health professional in diagnosis and management. AIMS: To study the sociodemographic and clinical profiles of HMI patients admitted under psychiatry...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652807/a-mups-score-to-differentiate-patients-with-somatic-symptom-disorder-from-those-with-medical-disease-for-complaints-of-non-acute-pain
#4
Shingo Suzuki, Yoshiyuki Ohira, Kazutaka Noda, Masatomi Ikusaka
PURPOSE: To develop a clinical score to discriminate patients with somatic symptom disorder (SSD) from those with medical disease (MD) for complaints of non-acute pain. METHODS: We retrospectively examined the clinical records of consecutive patients with pain for a duration of ≥1 month in our department from April 2003 to March 2015. We divided the subjects according to the diagnoses of definite SSD (as diagnosed and tracked by psychiatrists in our hospital), probable SSD (without evaluation by psychiatrists in our hospital), matched MD (randomly matched two patients by age, sex, and pain location for each definite SSD patient), unmatched MD, other mental disease, or functional somatic syndrome (FSS)...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652711/comparison-of-clinical-outcomes-with-orodispersible-versus-standard-oral-olanzapine-tablets-in-nonadherent-patients-with-schizophrenia-or-bipolar-disorder
#5
Diego Novick, William Montgomery, Tamas Treuer, Ai Koyanagi, Jaume Aguado, Susanne Kraemer, Josep Maria Haro
PURPOSE: Medication nonadherence is common in the treatment of patients with severe mental illness and is a frequent cause of relapse. Different formulations have been developed in an effort to improve medication adherence. The aim of this study was to explore whether there are differential clinical outcomes between two different formulations of olanzapine (orodispersible tablets [ODTs] vs standard oral tablets [SOT]) for the treatment of nonadherent patients with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652410/prefrontal-cortex-dysfunction-in-fragile-x-mice-depends-on-the-continued-absence-of-fragile-x-mental-retardation-protein-in-the-adult-brain
#6
Jennifer J Siegel, Raymond A Chitwood, James M Ding, Clayton Payne, William Taylor, Richard Gray, Boris V Zemelman, Daniel Johnston
Fragile X Syndrome (FX) is generally considered a developmental disorder, arising from a mutation that disrupts the transcription of Fragile X Mental Retardation Protein (FMRP). However, FMRP regulates the transcription of other proteins and participates in an unknown number of protein-protein interactions throughout life. In addition to known developmental issues, it is thus likely that some dysfunction is also due to the ongoing absence of FMRP. Dissociating dysfunction due to developmental dysregulation from dysfunction due to the continued absence of FMRP is necessary to understand the different roles of FMRP and to treat patients effectively throughout life...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652294/internet-and-mobile-based-aftercare-and-follow-up-for-mental-disorders-protocol-of-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Severin Hennemann, Sylvia Farnsteiner, Lasse Sander
INTRODUCTION: Mental disorders are characterised by a high likelihood of symptom recurrence or chronicity. Thus, in the vulnerable post-discharge phase, aftercare and follow-up aim at stabilising treatment effects, promoting functionality and preventing relapse or readmission. Internet- and mobile-based interventions may represent low threshold and effective extensions to aftercare in tertiary prevention of mental disorders. OBJECTIVES: The planned systematic review and meta-analysis aims to synthesise and analyse existing evidence on the effectiveness of psychological internet- and mobile-based aftercare or follow-up in maintaining treatment effects and/or preventing recurrence in adults with mental disorders...
June 26, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652081/limited-interface-between-physiotherapy-primary-care-and-people-with-severe-mental-illness-a-qualitative-study
#8
Samantha Lee, Flavie Waters, Kathy Briffa, Robyn E Fary
QUESTIONS: How do mental health professionals perceive the role of physiotherapists in the care of people with severe and persistent mental illness, and what factors do they perceive as influencing access to physiotherapy services? How do people with severe and persistent mental illness understand the potential role of physiotherapy in their healthcare, and what factors do they perceive as influencing access to physiotherapy services? DESIGN: Qualitative study. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-four mental health professionals and 35 people with severe and persistent mental illness...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652017/a-time-for-psycho-spiritual-transcendence-the-experiences-of-iranian-women-of-pain-during-childbirth
#9
Z Taghizdeh, A Ebadi, M Dehghani, M Gharacheh, P Yadollahi
BACKGROUND: The description of women's experiences of childbirth improves our understandings of the nature of childbirth, women's suffering and pain during childbirth. AIM: This study aimed to explore women's experiences of pain during childbirth. METHOD: A qualitative study was conducted using a conventional content analysis method proposed by Graneheim and Lundman (2004). In-depth face to face semi-structured interviews were held with 17 women who met inclusion criteria for participation in this study...
June 23, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651700/erythrocyte-omega-3-fatty-acids-are-inversely-associated-with-incident-dementia-secondary-analyses-of-longitudinal-data-from-the-women-s-health-initiative-memory-study-whims
#10
Eric M Ammann, James V Pottala, Jennifer G Robinson, Mark A Espeland, William S Harris
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether red blood cell (RBC) docosahexaenoic acid and eicosapentaenoic acid (DHA+EPA) levels have a protective association with the risk of dementia in older women. METHODS: RBC DHA+EPA levels were assessed at baseline, and cognitive status was evaluated annually in a cohort of 6706 women aged ≥65 years who participated in the Women's Health Initiative Memory Study (WHIMS). Cox regression was used to quantify the association between RBC DHA+EPA and the risk of probable dementia, independent of major dementia risk factors...
June 2017: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651613/an-audience-research-study-to-disseminate-evidence-about-comprehensive-state-mental-health-parity-legislation-to-us-state-policymakers-protocol
#11
Jonathan Purtle, Félice Lê-Scherban, Paul Shattuck, Enola K Proctor, Ross C Brownson
BACKGROUND: A large proportion of the US population has limited access to mental health treatments because insurance providers limit the utilization of mental health services in ways that are more restrictive than for physical health services. Comprehensive state mental health parity legislation (C-SMHPL) is an evidence-based policy intervention that enhances mental health insurance coverage and improves access to care. Implementation of C-SMHPL, however, is limited. State policymakers have the exclusive authority to implement C-SMHPL, but sparse guidance exists to inform the design of strategies to disseminate evidence about C-SMHPL, and more broadly, evidence-based treatments and mental illness, to this audience...
June 26, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651345/prioritizing-quality-measure-concepts-at-the-interface-of-behavioral-and-physical-healthcare
#12
Harold Alan Pincus, Mingjie Li, Deborah M Scharf, Brigitta Spaeth-Rublee, Matthew L Goldman, Parashar P Ramanuj, Erin K Ferenchick
Objective: Integrated healthcare models can increase access to care, improve healthcare quality, and reduce cost for individuals with behavioral and general medical healthcare needs, yet there are few instruments for measuring the quality of integrated care. In this study, we identified and prioritized concepts that can represent the quality of integrated behavioral health and general medical care. Design: We conducted a literature review to identify candidate measure concepts...
June 23, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651070/assessment-of-temporal-predictive-models-for-health-care-using-a-formal-method
#13
Ward van Breda, Mark Hoogendoorn, A E Eiben, Matthias Berking
Recent developments in the field of sensor devices provide new possibilities to measure a variety of health related aspects in a precise and fine-grained manner. Subsequently, more empirical data will be generated than ever before. While this greatly improves the opportunities for creating accurate predictive models, other types of models besides the more traditional machine learning approaches can provide insights into temporal relationships in the data. Models that express temporal relationships between states in a mathematical manner are examples of such models...
June 17, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650702/a-case-report-of-methadone-associated-hypoglycemia-in-an-11-month-old-male
#14
Michael S Toce, Margaret A Stefater, David T Breault, Michele M Burns
BACKGROUND: Methadone is a synthetic μ-opioid receptor agonist that is used in the management of pain, neonatal abstinence withdrawal syndrome, and opioid dependence. Overdose can cause miosis, respiratory depression, and central nervous system depression. Rarely, hypoglycemia has been reported. We present the case of an 11-month-old male who developed hypoketotic, hyperinsulinemic, hypoglycemia after an acute, unintentional methadone exposure. CASE DETAILS: The patient was a previously healthy 11-month-old male who presented in respiratory failure...
June 26, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650695/experiences-of-family-stigma-among-mothers-of-adult-children-with-mental-illness-in-south-korea
#15
Myung-Sun Hyun, Hyang-In Cho Chung, Hyunlye Kim
People with mental illness suffer from stigma in addition to the illness itself; their families also suffer from the stigma of having a family member with a mental illness. The aim of the present study was to explore the lived experiences of the family stigma among mothers of mentally ill children in South Korea. The work was qualitative in nature; we used the phenomenological method of Colaizzi. Mothers with an adult child enrolled as mentally ill patients in the Mental Health Centre of K Province in South Korea were eligible for inclusion...
June 26, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650182/buried-layers-on-the-origins-rise-and-fall-of-stratification-theories
#16
Martin Wieser
This article presents a historical analysis of the origins, rise, and demise of theories of stratification (Schichtentheorien). Following their roots in the ancient metaphysical idea of the "great chain of being," Aristotle's scala naturae, the medieval "Jacob's ladder," and Leibniz's concept of the lex continua, I argue that theories of stratification represent the modern heir to the ancient cosmological idea of a harmonious, hierarchical, and unified universe. Theories of stratification reached their heyday during the interwar period within German academia, proliferating over a vast number of disciplines and rising to special prominence within personality psychology, feeding the hope for a unitary image of the world and of human beings, their biological and mental development, their social organization and cultural creations...
June 26, 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650181/racial-identity-invalidation-with-multiracial-individuals-an-instrument-development-study
#17
Marisa G Franco, Karen M O'Brien
OBJECTIVES: Racial identity invalidation, others' denial of an individual's racial identity, is a salient racial stressor with harmful effects on the mental health and well-being of Multiracial individuals. The purpose of this study was to create a psychometrically sound measure to assess racial identity invalidation for use with Multiracial individuals (N = 497). METHOD: The present sample was mostly female (75%) with a mean age of 26.52 years (SD = 9.60). The most common racial backgrounds represented were Asian/White (33...
June 26, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648988/comparing-the-mental-health-literacy-of-chinese-people-in-australia-china-hong-kong-and-taiwan-implications-for-mental-health-promotion
#18
Daniel Fu Keung Wong, Chi-Wei Cheng, Xiao Yu Zhuang, Ting Kin Ng, Shu-Man Pan, Xuesong He, Ada Poon
Using data of 200, 522, 572, and 287 Chinese from Australia, China, Hong Kong and Taiwan respectively, this study aimed at comparing the mental health literacy of Chinese people from different communities, and between Chinese communities and the Australian general public. The participants were asked questions that assessed their recognition of depression and schizophrenia. Compared with the Australians, much lower percentages of Chinese in the four Chinese communities could correctly identify depression and early schizophrenia...
June 12, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648112/narrative-research-on-mental-health-recovery-two-sister-paradigms
#19
Gabriela Spector-Mersel, Evgeny Knaifel
BACKGROUND: Despite the breadth of narrative studies on individuals with severe mental illness, the suitability of narrative inquiry to exploring mental health recovery (MHR) has not been examined. AIMS: (1) Examining the appropriateness of narrative inquiry to studying MHR; (2) assessing the extent to which narrative studies on MHR conform to the unique features of narrative research, as a distinctive form of qualitative inquiry. METHODS: Review of empirical, theoretical and methodological literature on recovery and narrative inquiry...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648095/key-performance-indicators-for-australian-mental-health-court-liaison-services
#20
Fiona Davidson, Ed Heffernan, David Greenberg, Tony Butler, Philip Burgess
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper is to describe the development and technical specifications of a framework and national key performance indicators (KPIs) for Australian mental health Court Liaison Services (CLSs) by the National Mental Health Court Liaison Performance Working Group (Working Group). METHODS: Representatives from each Australian State and Territory were invited to form a Working Group. Through a series of national workshops and meetings, a framework and set of performance indicators were developed using a review of literature and expert opinion...
June 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
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