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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679851/electronic-journal-clubs-for-capacity-building-a-case-study-in-psychiatry-as-a-model-for-medical-disciplines-in-developing-countries
#1
Abha Thakurdesai, Abhishek Ghosh, Vikas Menon, Swapnajeet Sahoo, Adarsh Tripathi, Devavrat Harshe, Chittaranjan Andrade
BACKGROUND: Journal clubs (JCs) teach participants how to critically read and assimilate materials published in journals. Electronic JCs (eJCs) provide a similar platform through internet groups, allowing members to participate in and review JC activities as well as JC archives in their free time. METHODS: We describe the operations and the successes of eJCIndia, to our knowledge the first eJC in India in the field of mental health. eJCIndia was started for capacity building in teaching and research competence in the field...
April 13, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679433/students-attitudes-to-suicide-and-suicidal-persons-a-cross-national-and-cultural-comparison-between-turkey-and-united-kingdom
#2
Chris Flood, Mualla Yilmaz, Louise Phillips, Tracy Lindsay, Mehmet Eskin, Janet Hiley, Bahar Tasdelen
INTRODUCTION: Suicide is a major public health issue internationally and the impact of positive or negative attitudes amongst the mental health professional workforce warrants scrutiny. The study aimed to examine English and Turkish nursing students' attitudes towards people with suicidal behaviour. METHOD: This cross-cultural study reports on attitudes of 240 nursing students towards suicide in Turkey and 82 nursing students in the UK. A reliable and valid twenty-four item 'Attitudes towards Suicide Scale' and 'Social Reactions to Suicidal Persons Scale' were used to measure attitudes...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679360/mental-health-of-the-male-adolescent-and-young-man-the-copenhagen-statement
#3
REVIEW
Timothy R Rice, Lesha D Shah, Pilar Trelles, Shih-Ku Lin, Dinne Skjærlund Christensen, Andreas Walther, Leo Sher
BACKGROUND: Male adolescents and young men benefit when their mental health care is specialized to match their unique gendered and developmental needs. Sensitivity to the social circumstances of this population is important; additionally, the emerging ability to tailor care through knowledge gleaned from the intersection of psychiatry, neurology, and endocrinology informs care. DATA SOURCES: This article summarized the views of six experts in the area of the adolescent and young adult male mental health...
April 20, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678991/measurement-properties-of-the-health-of-the-nation-outcome-scales-honos-family-of-measures-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#4
Meredith G Harris, Claudia Sparti, Roman Scheurer, Tim Coombs, Jane Pirkis, Torleif Ruud, Steve Kisely, Ketil Hanssen-Bauer, Johan Siqveland, Philip M Burgess
INTRODUCTION: The Health of the Nation Outcome Scales (HoNOS) for adults, and equivalent measures for children and adolescents and older people, are widely used in clinical practice and research contexts to measure mental health and functional outcomes. Additional HoNOS measures have been developed for special populations and applications. Stakeholders require synthesised information about the measurement properties of these measures to assess whether they are fit for use with intended service settings and populations and to establish performance benchmarks...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678279/the-psychiatric-consequences-of-cannabinoids
#5
Joao P De Aquino, Mohamed Sherif, Rajiv Radhakrishnan, John D Cahill, Mohini Ranganathan, Deepak C D'Souza
With rising rates of cannabis use in the general population and an increasing number of US states legalizing both recreational and medical cannabis use, it is important to be informed about the adverse consequences of cannabinoids. This Commentary provides an overview of the psychiatric effects of plant-based and synthetic cannabinoids, differentiating acute effects from effects associated with persistent use. Cannabinoids produce multiphasic and dose-dependent effects on anxiety, mood, and perception, in addition to impairing cognition and psychomotor function...
April 17, 2018: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678193/treating-prolonged-grief-disorder-with-prolonged-grief-specific-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Rita Rosner, Eline Rimane, Anna Vogel, Jörn Rau, Maria Hagl
BACKGROUND: Prolonged grief disorder (PGD) has emerged as a well-defined and relatively common mental disorder that will be included in the upcoming revision of the International Classification of Diseases. Recent trials with grief-specific, mostly cognitive behavioral interventions for patients with a clinically relevant diagnosis of PGD showed large effect sizes. However, a small trial suggested that non-specific behavioral activation might suffice to improve PGD. So, more evidence for the relative efficacy of grief-specific treatments is needed, as is more research on the predictors of treatment success...
April 20, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678066/older-adults-co-creating-meaningful-individualized-social-activities-online-for-healthy-ageing
#7
Madeleine Blusi, Ingeborg Nilsson, Helena Lindgren
Social isolation and loneliness among older people is a growing problem with negative effects on physical and mental health. In co-creation with older adults individualized social activities were designed where older adults through computer mediated communication were able to participate in social activities without leaving their homes. Four types of activities were designed; outdoor activity, music event, visiting a friend and leisure activity. A participatory action research design was applied, where end users together with scientists from two research fields developed, tested and evaluated online participation in the activities...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678014/modelling-levels-of-collaboration-among-health-and-social-care-professionals-in-the-management-of-a-mental-health-plan
#8
Daniela Luzi, Fabrizio Pecoraro, Oscar Tamburis
Professional collaboration among health and social care providers is considered an essential pattern to improve the integration of care. This is particularly important considering the planning activities for children with complex conditions. In this paper the level of collaboration among professionals in the development and implementation of the personalized plan in the mental health domain is analysed across 30 EU/EEA countries within the MOCHA project.
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677619/associations-of-early-childhood-adversities-with-mental-disorders-psychological-functioning-and-suitability-for-psychotherapy-in-adulthood
#9
Erkki Heinonen, Paul Knekt, Tommi Härkänen, Esa Virtala, Olavi Lindfors
Childhood adversities frequently precede adulthood depression and anxiety. Yet, how they impact needed treatment duration, type or focus in these common disorders, is unclear. For developing more individualized and precise interventions, we investigated whether specific early adversities associate with patients' distinct psychiatric problems, psychological vulnerabilities, and suitability for psychotherapy. A total of 221 depressed and anxious adult outpatients (excluding psychotic, severe personality, bipolar, and substance abuse disorders) referred from community, student, occupational, and private healthcare services filled the Childhood Family Atmosphere Questionnaire (CFAQ)...
April 4, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677524/effectiveness-of-community-based-depression-intervention-programme-comdip-to-manage-women-with-depression-in-primary-care-randomised-control-trial
#10
Pillaveetil Sathyadas Indu, Thekkethayyil Viswanathan Anilkumar, Krishnapillai Vijayakumar, K A Kumar, P Sankara Sarma, Saradamma Remadevi, Chittaranjan Andrade
BACKGROUND: In low and middle income countries where mental health resources are limited, community based depression intervention models, which can be implemented through the existing health system, are extremely relevant. OBJECTIVE: To test the effectiveness of Community based Depression Intervention Programme (ComDIP), newly developed by us, to reduce severity of depression in women, compared to the treatment as usual (TAU). METHODS: An RCT (Trial registration Number: CTRI/2011/08/001978, Clinical Trials Registry -India) was conducted in a primary care setting in Trivandrum, Kerala, South India...
April 3, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677170/development-of-the-who-environmental-noise-guidelines-for-the-european-region-an-introduction
#11
Dorota Jarosińska, Marie-Ève Héroux, Poonum Wilkhu, James Creswick, Jos Verbeek, Jördis Wothge, Elizabet Paunović
Following the Parma Declaration on Environment and Health adopted at the Fifth Ministerial Conference (2010), the Ministers and representatives of Member States in the WHO European Region requested the World Health Organization (WHO) to develop updated guidelines on environmental noise, and called upon all stakeholders to reduce children's exposure to noise, including that from personal electronic devices. The WHO Environmental Noise Guidelines for the European Region will provide evidence-based policy guidance to Member States on protecting human health from noise originating from transportation (road traffic, railway and aircraft), wind turbine noise, and leisure noise in settings where people spend the majority of their time...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677100/from-community-to-meta-community-mental-health-care
#12
REVIEW
Nick Bouras, George Ikkos, Thomas Craig
Since the 1960s, we have witnessed the development and growth of community mental health care that continues to dominate mental health policy and practice. Several high-income countries have implemented community mental health care programmes but for many others, including mostly low- and middle-income countries, it remains an aspiration. Although community mental health care has been positive for many service users, it has also had severe shortcomings. Expectations that it would lead to fuller social integration have not been fulfilled and many service users remain secluded in sheltered or custodial environments with limited social contacts and no prospect of work...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677027/surgery-complications-and-quality-of-life-a-longitudinal-cohort-study-exploring-the-role-of-psychosocial-factors
#13
Stephanie Archer, Anna Pinto, Sabine Vuik, Colin Bicknell, Omar Faiz, Ben Byrne, Maximilian Johnston, Petros Skapinakis, Thanos Athanasiou, Charles Vincent, Ara Darzi
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether psychosocial factors moderate the relationship between surgical complications and quality of life (QoL). BACKGROUND: Patients who experience surgical complications have significantly worse postoperative QoL than patients with an uncomplicated recovery. Psychosocial factors, such as coping style and level of social support influence how people deal with stressful events, but it is unclear whether they affect QoL following a surgical complication...
April 19, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676694/keyhole-strategy-aiming-at-minimizing-hospital-stay-for-surgical-clipping-of-unruptured-middle-cerebral-artery-aneurysms
#14
Kentaro Mori, Kojiro Wada, Naoki Otani, Arata Tomiyama, Terushige Toyooka, Satoru Takeuchi, Takuji Yamamoto, Yasuaki Nakao, Hajime Arai
OBJECTIVE Aneurysms of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) are still most often treated by clipping through standard craniotomy, but a longer hospital stay is one of the main drawbacks of this treatment. The authors developed a pterional keyhole clipping strategy for unruptured MCA aneurysms with the intention of minimizing hospital stay. In this paper, they report on their experience with this approach and analyze the long-term neurological and radiological outcomes. METHODS A total of 160 relatively small unruptured MCA aneurysms (mean 6...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676507/dimensions-of-religion-associated-with-suicide-attempt-and-suicide-ideation-in-depressed-religiously-affiliated-patients
#15
Matthias Jongkind, Bart van den Brink, Hanneke Schaap-Jonker, Nathan van der Velde, Arjan W Braam
There is substantial evidence to support the claim that religion can protect against suicide ideation, suicide attempts, and completed suicide. There is also evidence that religion does not always protect against suicidality. More insight is needed into the relationship between suicidal parameters and dimensions of religion. A total of 155 in- and outpatients with major depression from a Christian Mental Health Care institution were included. The following religious factors were assessed: religious service attendance, frequency of prayer, religious salience, type of God representation, and moral objections to suicide (MOS)...
April 20, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675691/the-importance-of-content-and-face-validity-in-instrument-development-lessons-learnt-from-service-users-when-developing-the-recovering-quality-of-life-measure-reqol
#16
Janice Connell, Jill Carlton, Andrew Grundy, Elizabeth Taylor Buck, Anju Devianee Keetharuth, Thomas Ricketts, Michael Barkham, Dan Robotham, Diana Rose, John Brazier
PURPOSE: Service user involvement in instrument development is increasingly recognised as important, but is often not done and seldom reported. This has adverse implications for the content validity of a measure. The aim of this paper is to identify the types of items that service users felt were important to be included or excluded from a new Recovering Quality of Life measure for people with mental health difficulties. METHODS: Potential items were presented to service users in face-to-face structured individual interviews and focus groups...
April 19, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674947/health-and-social-problems-associated-with-recent-novel-psychoactive-substance-nps-use-amongst-marginalised-nightlife-and-online-users-in-six-european-countries
#17
Marie Claire Van Hout, Annemieke Benschop, Michal Bujalski, Katarzyna Dąbrowska, Zsolt Demetrovics, Katalin Felvinczi, Evelyn Hearne, Susana Henriques, Zsuzsa Kaló, Gerrit Kamphausen, Dirk Korf, Joana Paula Silva, Łukasz Wieczorek, Bernd Werse
Continued diversification and use of new psychoactive substances (NPS) across Europe remains a public health challenge. The study describes health and social consequences of recent NPS use as reported in a survey of marginalised, nightlife and online NPS users in the Netherlands, Hungary, Portugal, Ireland, Germany and Poland ( n  = 3023). Some respondents were unable to categorise NPS they had used. Use of ' herbal blends ' and ' synthetic cannabinoids obtained pure ' was most reported in Germany, Poland and Hungary, and use of ' branded stimulants ' and ' stimulants/empathogens/nootropics obtained pure ' was most reported in the Netherlands...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674599/development-and-a-pilot-application-process-of-the-korean-psychological-autopsy-checklist-for-adolescents
#18
Mina Jeon, Han Nah Cho, Soo Young Bhang, Jun Won Hwang, Eun Jin Park, Yeon Jung Lee
Objective: The aim of the study was to develop the Korean Psychological Autopsy Checklist for Adolescent (K-PAC-A) and conduct a pilot study. Methods: A number of steps were undertaken in the development of the K-PAC-A including literature reviews, consultations, and a pilot study. The Korean psychology autopsy checklist 2.0 (K-PAC 2.0) was carefully reviewed to adopt some domains and questions which can be applied to adolescents. Results: In addition to the adoption of some domains and questions from the K-PAC 2...
April 20, 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674310/the-interactive-child-distress-screener-development-and-preliminary-feasibility-testing
#19
Sonja March, Jamin Day, Kirsty Zieschank, Michael Ireland
BACKGROUND: Early identification of child emotional and behavioral concerns is essential for the prevention of mental health problems; however, few suitable child-reported screening measures are available. Digital tools offer an exciting opportunity for obtaining clinical information from the child's perspective. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the initial development and pilot testing of the Interactive Child Distress Screener (ICDS). The ICDS is a Web-based screening instrument for the early identification of emotional and behavioral problems in children aged between 5 and 12 years...
April 19, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674307/assessing-therapeutic-alliance-in-the-context-of-mhealth-interventions-for-mental-health-problems-development-of-the-mobile-agnew-relationship-measure-marm-questionnaire
#20
Katherine Berry, Amy Salter, Rohan Morris, Susannah James, Sandra Bucci
BACKGROUND: Digital health interventions in the form of smartphone apps aim to improve mental health and enable people access to support as and when needed without having to face the stigma they may experience in accessing services. If we are to evaluate mobile health (mHealth) apps and advance scientific understanding, we also need tools to help us understand in what ways mHealth interventions are effective or not. The concept of therapeutic alliance, a measure of the quality of the relationship between a health care provider and a service user, is a key factor in explaining the effects of mental health interventions...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
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