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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054073/discourse-production-of-mandarin-speaking-children-with-high-functioning-autism-the-effect-of-mental-and-action-verbs-semantic-pragmatic-features
#1
Yiqi Song, Zhongheng Jia, Shunhua Liu, Dandan Liang
The present study investigated the syntactic and pragmatic performance of children with high-functioning autism (HFA) during a discourse production task with mental verbs. Children with HFA and typically developing (TD) children were matched by chronological age, verbal IQ (VIQ) and full-scale IQ (FIQ). We found that children with HFA tended to select a nominal object given a mental verb with either a nominal or clausal object. They committed few syntactic errors but generated syntactic stereotypes with mental verbs...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053980/incident-mental-disorders-in-the-aftermath-of-traumatic-events-a-prospective-longitudinal-community-study
#2
Eva Asselmann, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Roselind Lieb, Axel Perkonigg, Katja Beesdo-Baum
BACKGROUND: Few strictly prospective-longitudinal community studies examined the role of traumatic events for risk of developing a broad range of incident mental disorders over several years. METHOD: A representative community sample of adolescents and young adults (n = 2797, baseline age 14-24) was prospectively examined in up to three assessment waves over up to 10 years. Traumatic events and DSM-IV mental disorders were assessed at each wave using the DIA-X/M-CIDI...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053976/longitudinal-association-between-mental-disorders-in-childhood-and-subsequent-depression-a-nationwide-prospective-cohort-study
#3
Louise Krarup Gundel, Carsten Bøcker Pedersen, Trine Munk-Olsen, Søren Dalsgaard
BACKGROUND: Depression ranges among the most impairing mental disorders worldwide, and early detection is a global health priority. Little is known about the association between non-affective mental disorders in childhood/adolescence and later depression. METHODS: Nationwide register-based prospective cohort study, estimating cumulative incidences and incidence rate ratios (IRR) for later depression in individuals with and without non-affective mental disorders in early life...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053974/depression-as-seen-through-the-eyes-of-rural-chinese-women-implications-for-help-seeking-and-the-future-of-mental-health-care-in-china
#4
Peiyuan Qiu, Eric D Caine, Fengsu Hou, Catherine Cerulli, Marsha N Wittink
BACKGROUND: As part of a larger epidemiological study of depression among rural Chinese women, we sought to understand their explanatory models of depression. We explored how participants describe depression, to what cause they attribute depression, and what sources of treatment they would recommend. METHODS: Participants first were assessed with the Center for Epidemiological-Depression scale (CES-D), with a cut-point of 16 or greater indicative of depression. The Short Explanatory Model Interview (SEMI), a semi-structured questionnaire, was our primary tool for exploring participants' explanatory models relating to a vignette describing a rural Chinese woman with depression...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053387/facebook-false-self-presentation-behaviors-and-negative-mental-health
#5
Elizabeth J Wright, Katherine M White, Patricia L Obst
As research examining what constitutes Facebook false self-presentation is lacking, the aim of this study was to develop a preliminary inventory of Facebook false self-presentation behaviors, as well as identify predictors and possible outcomes. Participants (N = 211) completed questions regarding frequency of engagement in Facebook false self-presentation behaviors, as well as self-esteem, social influences, motivation strategies, well-being, depression, anxiety, and stress. Results indicated the presence of two distinct false self-presentation behaviors: lying (e...
October 20, 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052929/what-makes-generalist-mental-health-professionals-effective-when-working-with-people-with-an-intellectual-disability-a-family-member-and-support-person-perspective
#6
Janelle Weise, Karen R Fisher, Julian N Trollor
BACKGROUND: Generalist mental health professionals are inadequately equipped to meet the rights of people with intellectual disability. A better understanding of the attributes of effective professionals may assist in the development of workforce capacity in this area. METHODS: Twenty-eight family/support persons of people with intellectual disability participated in four focus groups. Thematic analysis was undertaken applying the Intellectual Disability Mental Health Core Competencies Framework...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052802/the-development-of-episodic-future-thinking-in-middle-childhood
#7
F Ferretti, A Chiera, S Nicchiarelli, I Adornetti, R Magni, S Vicari, G Valeri, A Marini
The ability to imagine future events (episodic future thinking-EFT) emerges in preschoolers and further improves during middle childhood and adolescence. In the present study, we focused on the possible cognitive factors that affect EFT and its development. We assessed the ability to mentally project forward in time of a large cohort of 135 6- to 11-year-old children through a task with minimal narrative demands (the Picture Book Trip task adapted from Atance and Meltzoff in Cogn Dev 20(3):341-361. doi:10.1016/j...
October 20, 2017: Cognitive Processing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052431/factors-influencing-professional-help-seeking-for-suicidality
#8
Jin Han, Philip J Batterham, Alison L Calear, Rebecca Randall
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that the majority of people with suicidality do not seek help. Little systematic evaluation of factors influencing professional help-seeking has been done. AIMS: To systematically evaluate the factors that influence professional help-seeking for suicidality. METHOD: Published quantitative and qualitative studies in Medline and PsycInfo databases were reviewed following PRISMA. RESULTS: In all, 55 relevant studies were identified...
October 20, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052275/effectiveness-of-current-policing-related-mental-health-interventions-a-systematic-review
#9
Eddie Kane, Emily Evans, Farhad Shokraneh
BACKGROUND: There are three commonly used mental health interventions associated with policing: liaison and diversion, street triage and having specialist staff embedded in police contact control rooms. Crisis intervention teams (CITs), already used in the USA, are now attracting wider interest, including in the UK. Investment in these interventions is growing, so it is important to have evidence of their effectiveness. AIM: To conduct a systematic literature review to answer questions about effectiveness of police-mental health service models for responding to people with mental disorder and suspected offending or public safety problems...
October 19, 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052118/challenging-conventions-of-bullying-thresholds-exploring-differences-between-low-and-high-levels-of-bully-only-victim-only-and-bully-victim-roles
#10
Jeremy T Goldbach, Paul R Sterzing, Marla J Stuart
Using a commonly accepted threshold of 2 to 3 times per month as a marker of bullying-involvement from noninvolvement, approximately 30% of U.S. students report being a bully, victim, or both. Although variation in the frequency of involvement exists, infrequent engagement (less than 2 to 3 times a month) is generally considered noninvolved. However, the question remains: Do these differences have implications for behavioral health patterns, including substance use, depression and school connectedness? The present study used a district-wide random cluster sample of 66 middle and high schools in a mid-size city...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052030/validation-of-a-chinese-version-of-the-stress-overload-scale-short-and-its-use-as-a-screening-tool-for-mental-health-status
#11
Wenjie Duan, Wenlong Mu
PURPOSE: Although stress emerges when environmental demands exceed personal resources, existing measurement methods for stress focus only on one aspect. The newly-developed Short Stress Overload Scale (SOS-S) assesses the extent of stress by assessing both event load (i.e., environmental demands) and personal vulnerability (i.e., personal resources). The present study was designed to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of Stress Overload Scale-Short (SOS-SC), and further examine its roles in screening mental health status...
October 19, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052014/predictive-validity-of-a-service-setting-based-measure-to-identify-infancy-mental-health-problems-a-population-based-cohort-study
#12
Janni Ammitzbøll, Lau Caspar Thygesen, Bjørn E Holstein, Anette Andersen, Anne Mette Skovgaard
Measures to identify infancy mental health problems are essential to guide interventions and reduce the risk of developmental psychopathology in early years. We investigated a new service-setting-based measure the Copenhagen Infant Mental Health Screening (CIMHS) within the general child health surveillance by community health nurses (CHN). The study population of 2973 infants was assessed by CIMHS at age 9-10 months. A subsample of 416 children was examined at age 1½ years, using parent interviews including the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL 1½-5), Check List of Autism and Toddlers (CHAT), Infant-Toddler Symptom Checklist (ITSCL), and the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development (BSID) and observations of behavior, communication, and interaction...
October 20, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051341/indoor-tanning-dependence-in-young-adult-women
#13
Darren Mays, Michael B Atkins, Jaeil Ahn, Kenneth P Tercyak
Background: There is mounting evidence that young people can develop a dependence on indoor tanning, but research on factors associated with indoor tanning dependence remains limited.Methods: This cross-sectional study investigated factors associated with indoor tanning dependence in a community sample of 389 non-Hispanic white young adult women ages 18 to 30 who had indoor tanned ≥1 time in the past year. Participants completed measures of indoor tanning dependence, including the modified CAGE and modified Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders-IV psychiatric screening assessments, indoor tanning behavior and beliefs, and behavioral and psychiatric comorbidity...
October 19, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051027/the-conception-of-the-abcd-study-from-substance-use-to-a-broad-nih-collaboration
#14
REVIEW
Nora D Volkow, George F Koob, Robert T Croyle, Diana W Bianchi, Joshua A Gordon, Walter J Koroshetz, Eliseo J Pérez-Stable, William T Riley, Michele H Bloch, Kevin Conway, Bethany G Deesds, Gayathri J Dowling, Steven Grant, Katia D Howlett, John A Matochik, Glen D Morgan, Margaret M Murray, Antonio Noronha, Catherine Y Spong, Eric M Wargo, Kenneth R Warren, Susan R B Weiss
Adolescence is a time of dramatic changes in brain structure and function, and the adolescent brain is highly susceptible to being altered by experiences like substance use. However, there is much we have yet to learn about how these experiences influence brain development, how they promote or interfere with later health outcomes, or even what healthy brain development looks like. A large longitudinal study beginning in early adolescence could help us understand the normal variability in adolescent brain and cognitive development and tease apart the many factors that influence it...
October 10, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050798/animals-anxiety-and-anxiety-disorders-how-to-measure-anxiety-in-rodents-and-why
#15
REVIEW
Jaanus Harro
Measurement of anxiety is desirable for the benefit of drug development and understanding the brain function and mental well-being. Animal models offer the advantages of detailed neurobiological analysis, experimental manipulation of specific components in the brain circuits that underlie psychopathology, and the possibility of screening novel drugs with clinical potential. A large variety of animal models of anxiety and screening tests of anxiolytics is currently in use. While their value in advancing the knowledge and predicting therapeutic success of drugs is unquestionable, the expectations have grown much higher, and the frustration over absence of novel successful drug concepts is rising...
October 16, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049100/models-of-borderline-personality-disorder-recent-advances-and-new-perspectives
#16
Alessandra D'Agostino, Mario Rossi Monti, Vladan Starcevic
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this article is to review the most relevant conceptual models of borderline personality disorder (BPD), with a focus on recent developments in this area. RECENT FINDINGS: Several conceptual models have been proposed with the aim of better understanding BPD: the borderline personality organization, emotion dysregulation, reflective (mentalization) dysfunction, interpersonal hypersensitivity and hyperbolic temperament models. These models have all been supported to some extent and their common components include disorganized attachment and traumatic early experiences, emotion dysregulation, interpersonal sensitivity and difficulties with social cognition...
October 18, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049078/hearts-and-minds-real-life-cardiotoxicity-with-clozapine-in-psychosis
#17
George Joy, Eromona Whiskey, Mark Bolstridge, Alejandro Porras-Segovia, Theresa A McDonagh, Carla M Plymen, Sukhi S Shergill
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia has a 1% prevalence in the population; 30% of these patients are treatment refractory. Clozapine is the only drug licensed to treat treatment refractory psychosis, but concerns about potential adverse effects result in only a proportion of eligible patients being treated. Although a well-documented neutropenia risk is mitigated by routine blood testing, cardiac toxicity is a commonly cited reason to discontinue clozapine treatment. However, there is little data on the real-life cardiac outcomes in those receiving clozapine treatment...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048320/development-of-the-carmen-q-questionnaire-for-mental-workload-assessment
#18
Susana Rubio-Valdehita, María I López-Núñez, Ramón López-Higes, Eva M Díaz-Ramiro
BACKGROUND: Mental workload has emerged as one of the most important occupational risk factors present in most psychological and physical diseases caused by work. In view of the lack of specific tools to assess mental workload, the objective of this research was to assess the construct validity and reliability of a new questionnaire for mental workload assessment (CarMen-Q). METHOD: The sample was composed of 884 workers from several professional sectors, between 18 and 65 years old, 53...
November 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048245/self-esteem-internalizing-symptoms-and-theory-of-mind-in-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#19
James B McCauley, Michelle A Harris, Matthew C Zajic, Lindsay E Swain-Lerro, Tasha Oswald, Nancy McIntyre, Kali Trzesniewski, Peter Mundy, Marjorie Solomon
Self-esteem is a potent indicator of mental health in typically developing (TYP) individuals. It is surprising that there have been few comprehensive investigations of self-esteem in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), given that they are at high risk for comorbid mental health problems, such as depression and anxiety. The objectives of the current study were to assess how youth with ASD rate their self-esteem compared to age-matched TYP youth and to examine how self-esteem relates to internalizing psychopathology and theory of mind in the two groups...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046812/relationship-of-activities-outside-work-to-sleep-and-depression-anxiety-disorders-in-korean-workers-the-4th-korean-working-condition-survey
#20
Kyung-Jae Lee, Sung Won Jung, Hee Sung Lee, Guang Hwi Kim, Jae Gwang Lee, June-Hee Lee, Joo Ja Kim
BACKGROUND: Sleep disorders and depression/anxiety disorders are long-standing and significant problem for mental health. Also there are already known so many negative health effect of these disorders. But there were few studies to examine the association between activities outside work and forementioned disorders. So this study aimed the association of those things by using the Republic of Korean data. METHODS: Data from 32,232 wage workers were used in the 4th Korean Working Condition Survey...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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