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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900817/community-based-participatory-research-an-innovative-approach-for-improving-perioperative-care-of-underserved-children
#1
Alvina Rosales, Michelle A Fortier, Belinda Campos, Marla Vivero, Ariana Martinez, Nancy Huerta, Sheeva Zolghadr, Kathleen Adlard, Zeev N Kain
Pediatric disparities disproportionately affect Latino youth undergoing surgery and their families. As such, there is a critical need for culturally relevant frameworks that can advance perioperative intervention approaches in this population and reduce these disparities. In the following article, we first describe the methodological process of community-based participatory research (CBPR) and next report the results of the CBPR process that was conducted in this population. An interdisciplinary group of investigators, Latina mothers, and various other stakeholders met for a series of CBPR-based structured meetings...
November 30, 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869653/semiparametric-multinomial-ordinal-model-to-analyze-spatial-patterns-of-child-birth-weight-in-nigeria
#2
Rasheed A Adeyemi, Temesgen Zewotir, Shaun Ramroop
Background: Birth weight is an important health parameter for obstetricians and gynaecologists. It is a good health indicator of a child-bearing mother and a strong predictor of infant morbidity and mortality. Methods: This paper utilizes data on 28,647 children born between 2003-2008 obtained from the 2008 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS). For a simple epidemiological convenience, the occurrence of a newborn weight can intuitively be considered to be categorical in nature and the thresholds can be put on a continuous scale...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836127/lost-in-translation-medication-labeling-for-immigrant-families
#3
Michelle Cruz Jimenez Smith, H Shonna Yin, Lee M Sanders
OBJECTIVES: To identify the patient-safety hazards of current medication labeling standards for immigrant and language-minority families. SUMMARY: The Latino population in the United States has increased by more than 40% over the past decade and the total child population born to Latino parents will surpass one-half of the population in many states. With recent health care and immigration policies, this demographic shift has a disproportional effect on the Latino families...
November 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834191/a-pilot-randomized-trial-of-a-video-patient-decision-aid-to-facilitate-early-intervention-referrals-from-primary-care
#4
Manuel E Jimenez, Nathalie E DuRivage, Orysia Bezpalko, Andrew Suh, Roy Wade, Nathan J Blum, Alexander G Fiks
Many young children identified with developmental concerns in pediatric settings do not receive early intervention (EI). We assessed the impact of a video decision aid and text message reminder on knowledge and attitudes regarding developmental delay and EI as well as referral completion. We conducted a pilot randomized controlled trial in an urban setting and enrolled 64 parent-child dyads referred to EI. Compared with controls, participants who received the intervention demonstrated increased knowledge regarding developmental delay and EI as well as more favorable attitudes in certain topics...
November 9, 2016: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815232/enhancing-self-efficacy-for-help-seeking-among-transition-aged-youth-in-postsecondary-settings-with-mental-health-and-or-substance-use-concerns-using-crowd-sourced-online-and-mobile-technologies-the-thought-spot-protocol
#5
David Wiljer, Alexxa Abi-Jaoude, Andrew Johnson, Genevieve Ferguson, Marcos Sanches, Andrea Levinson, Janine Robb, Olivia Heffernan, Tyson Herzog, Gloria Chaim, Kristin Cleverley, Gunther Eysenbach, Joanna Henderson, Jeffrey S Hoch, Elisa Hollenberg, Huan Jiang, Wanrudee Isaranuwatchai, Marcus Law, Sarah Sharpe, Tim Tripp, Aristotle Voineskos
BACKGROUND: Seventy percent of lifetime cases of mental illness emerge prior to age 24. While early detection and intervention can address approximately 70% of child and youth cases of mental health concerns, the majority of youth with mental health concerns do not receive the services they need. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper is to describe the protocol for optimizing and evaluating Thought Spot, a Web- and mobile-based platform cocreated with end users that is designed to improve the ability of students to access mental health and substance use services...
November 4, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745978/maternal-attitudes-normative-beliefs-and-subjective-norms-of-mothers-of-2-and-3-year-old-children
#6
Angela A Northrup, Arlene Smaldone
INTRODUCTION: This exploratory study examined maternal attitudes, normative beliefs, subjective norms, and meal selection behaviors of mothers of 2- and 3-year-old children. METHODS: Guided by the Theory of Reasoned Action, we had mothers complete three surveys, two interviews, and a feeding simulation exercise. Data were analyzed using descriptive and bivariate statistics and multivariate linear regression. RESULTS: A total of 31 mothers (50% Latino, 34% Black, 46...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27724936/disclosing-neuroimaging-incidental-findings-a-qualitative-thematic-analysis-of-health-literacy-challenges
#7
Caitlin E Rancher, Jody M Shoemaker, Linda E Petree, Mark Holdsworth, John P Phillips, Deborah L Helitzer
BACKGROUND: Returning neuroimaging incidental findings (IF) may create a challenge to research participants' health literacy skills as they must interpret and make appropriate healthcare decisions based on complex radiology jargon. Disclosing IF can therefore present difficulties for participants, research institutions and the healthcare system. The purpose of this study was to identify the extent of the health literacy challenges encountered when returning neuroimaging IF. We report on findings from a retrospective survey and focus group sessions with major stakeholders involved in disclosing IF...
October 11, 2016: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712326/nurse-initiated-and-criteria-led-discharge-from-hospital-for-children-and-young-people
#8
Constance Gray, Martin Christensen, Shannon Bakon
The readiness of a child or young person for discharge includes patient safety, the family's ability to care for the child at home and the ongoing treatment they will need, which has a direct influence on their health outcomes and future readmissions to hospital. There are no standard criteria for discharge practice and registered nurses have reported concerns about their ability to provide education and discharge planning to meet the needs of the patient and their family. A literature review was carried out to ascertain the current discharge principles adhered to in practice and the implemented tools used...
October 7, 2016: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712125/the-impact-of-childhood-language-difficulties-on-healthcare-costs-from-4-to-13-years-australian-longitudinal-study
#9
Paula Cronin, Rebecca Reeve, Patricia Mccabe, Rosalie Viney, Stephen Goodall
PURPOSE: This study investigated the relationship between children's language difficulties and health care costs using the 2004-2012 Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (LSAC). METHOD: Language difficulties were defined as scores ≤1.25SD below the standardised mean on measures of directly assessed receptive vocabulary (4-9 years) and teacher-reported language and literacy (10-13 years). Participant data were individually linked to administrative data, which were sourced from Australia's universal subsidised healthcare scheme (Medicare)...
October 7, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692003/reproductive-and-child-health-services-and-demographic-change-in-the-districts-of-uttar-pradesh-2002-13
#10
Mamta Rajbhar, Sanjay K Mohanty
This study examined the effect of reproductive and child health (RCH) services on fertility and child mortality in the districts of Uttar Pradesh. It specifically measured the effect of antenatal care, medical assistance at birth, child immunization and use of modern methods of contraception on Total Fertility Rate (TFR), Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) and Under-five Morality Rate (U5MR) before and after the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) period. Data from the 2002-04 District Level Household Survey (DLHS-2), 2012-13 Annual Health Survey (AHS) and the 2001 and 2011 Censuses of India were used...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639483/the-causal-effect-of-increased-primary-schooling-on-child-mortality-in-malawi-universal-primary-education-as-a-natural-experiment
#11
Marshall Makate, Clifton Makate
The primary objective of this analysis is to investigate the causal effect of mother's schooling on under-five health - and the passageways through which schooling propagates - by exploiting the exogenous variability in schooling prompted by the 1994 universal primary schooling program in Malawi. This education policy, which saw the elimination of tuition fees across all primary schooling grades, creates an ideal setting for observing the causal influence of improved primary school enrollment on the under-five fatality rates of the subsequent generation...
November 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634209/countdown-to-2015-country-case-studies-what-can-analysis-of-national-health-financing-contribute-to-understanding-mdg-4-and-5-progress
#12
Carlyn Mann, Courtney Ng, Nadia Akseer, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Josephine Borghi, Tim Colbourn, Patricia Hernández-Peña, Luis Huicho, Muhammad Ashar Malik, Melisa Martinez-Alvarez, Spy Munthali, Ahmad Shah Salehi, Mekonnen Tadesse, Mohammed Yassin, Peter Berman
BACKGROUND: Countdown to 2015 (Countdown) supported countries to produce case studies that examine how and why progress was made toward the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) 4 and 5. Analysing how health-financing data explains improvements in RMNCH outcomes was one of the components to the case studies. METHODS: This paper presents a descriptive analysis on health financing from six Countdown case studies (Afghanistan, Ethiopia, Malawi, Pakistan, Peru, and Tanzania), supplemented by additional data from global databases and country reports on macroeconomic, health financing, demographic, and RMNCH outcome data as needed...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630160/thinking-talking-and-working-with-professional-community-workers-after-the-fukushima-nuclear-accident
#13
A Goto
This article examines postdisaster public health activities (focusing primarily on parenting support) through collaboration between universities and local government, and reports on the support provided to public health nurses, who are the gatekeepers of community health. For a year after the Fukushima disaster, discussions were held on the short- and long-term measures for responding to the concerns of parents, who face difficulty interpreting risks. Child health checkup data and mothers' counselling sessions with public health nurses were analysed to gather evidence to reinforce the health system over the long term...
September 14, 2016: Annals of the ICRP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610600/oral-literacy-demand-in-the-pediatric-dental-clinic-a-pilot-study
#14
Dafna Benadof, Evlambia Hajishengallis, Amanda Cole, Carolina Vidal
BACKGROUND: The parent's ability to obtain, process, and understand important oral health information (i.e., their oral health literacy) is directly related to their child's oral health status. AIM: To assess the relationship between oral literacy demands placed on parents by dentists and parents' understanding of dental information given to them. DESIGN: Thirty-one consenting primary caregivers of children attending their first dental visit completed a demographic survey, a REALD-30 test, and a survey to test understanding of dental information...
September 9, 2016: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27584877/promoting-sleep-health-among-families-of-young-children-in-head-start-protocol-for-a-social-ecological-approach
#15
Karen A Bonuck, Arthur Blank, Barbara True-Felt, Ronald Chervin
Inadequate or poor quality sleep in early childhood impairs social-emotional and cognitive function via effects on the developing brain and increases obesity risk via hormonal and endocrine effects. The prevalence of short sleep duration, behavioral sleep problems, and sleep-disordered breathing among children aged 3 to 5 years is 20% to 50%. Healthy sleep habits increase sleep duration and prevent behavioral sleep problems. Awareness of sleep-disordered breathing symptoms leads to its timely treatment. We designed a study that aims to empower families whose children are in early childhood programs with the knowledge and skills needed to obtain healthy sleep and to recognize a sleep problem...
September 1, 2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573085/the-pediatrician-s-role-in-optimizing-school-readiness
#16
(no author information available yet)
School readiness includes not only the early academic skills of children but also their physical health, language skills, social and emotional development, motivation to learn, creativity, and general knowledge. Families and communities play a critical role in ensuring children's growth in all of these areas and thus their readiness for school. Schools must be prepared to teach all children when they reach the age of school entry, regardless of their degree of readiness. Research on early brain development emphasizes the effects of early experiences, relationships, and emotions on creating and reinforcing the neural connections that are the basis for learning...
September 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27565361/increased-screen-time-implications-for-early-childhood-development-and-behavior
#17
REVIEW
Jenny S Radesky, Dimitri A Christakis
The authors review trends in adoption of new digital technologies (eg, mobile and interactive media) by families with young children (ages 0-8 years), continued use of television and video games, and the evidence for learning from digital versus hands-on play. The authors also discuss continued concerns about health and developmental/behavioral risks of excessive media use for child cognitive, language, literacy, and social-emotional development. This evidence is then applied to clinical care in terms of the screening questions providers can use, tools available to providers and parents, and changes in anticipatory guidance...
October 2016: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27544834/sleep-timing-and-child-and-parent-outcomes-in-australian-4-9-year-olds-a-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-study
#18
Jon Quach, Anna M H Price, Michael Bittman, Harriet Hiscock
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to use national Australian time-diary data to examine both (1) cross-sectionally and (2) longitudinally whether being late versus early to sleep or wake is associated with poorer child behavior, quality of life, learning, cognition and weight status, and parental mental health. METHODS: HASH(0x42ef6d8) DESIGN/SETTING: Data from the first three waves of the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children were taken...
June 2016: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27537086/medication-errors-in-outpatient-pediatrics
#19
Kyla Berrier
Medication errors may occur during parental administration of prescription and over-the-counter medications in the outpatient pediatric setting. Misinterpretation of medication labels and dosing errors are two types of errors in medication administration. Health literacy may play an important role in parents' ability to safely manage their child's medication regimen. There are several proposed strategies for decreasing these medication administration errors, including using standardized dosing instruments, using strictly metric units for medication dosing, and providing parents and caregivers with picture-based dosing instructions...
September 2016: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27533632/an-examination-of-the-maternal-social-determinants-influencing-under-5-mortality-in-nigeria-evidence-from-the-2013-nigeria-demographic-health-survey
#20
Sarah R Blackstone, Ucheoma Nwaozuru, Juliet Iwelunmor
Nigeria is the second largest contributor to child (under-5) mortality in the world, with an average of 128 child deaths per 1000 live births, and is not on track to meet the Millennium Development Goals of reducing childhood mortality rates to 64 per 1000. Data from the 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS) report were analysed to explore the relationship between structural and intermediary maternal characteristics and likelihood of childhood mortality. Binary logistic regressions for the first three reported births were conducted with childhood mortality (e...
August 17, 2016: Global Public Health
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