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child health literacy

Angela A Northrup, Arlene Smaldone
INTRODUCTION: This exploratory study examined maternal attitudes, normative beliefs, subjective norms, and meal selection behaviors of mothers of 2- and 3-year-old children. METHODS: Guided by the Theory of Reasoned Action, we had mothers complete three surveys, two interviews, and a feeding simulation exercise. Data were analyzed using descriptive and bivariate statistics and multivariate linear regression. RESULTS: A total of 31 mothers (50% Latino, 34% Black, 46...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
Caitlin E Rancher, Jody M Shoemaker, Linda E Petree, Mark Holdsworth, John P Phillips, Deborah L Helitzer
BACKGROUND: Returning neuroimaging incidental findings (IF) may create a challenge to research participants' health literacy skills as they must interpret and make appropriate healthcare decisions based on complex radiology jargon. Disclosing IF can therefore present difficulties for participants, research institutions and the healthcare system. The purpose of this study was to identify the extent of the health literacy challenges encountered when returning neuroimaging IF. We report on findings from a retrospective survey and focus group sessions with major stakeholders involved in disclosing IF...
October 11, 2016: BMC Medical Ethics
Constance Gray, Martin Christensen, Shannon Bakon
The readiness of a child or young person for discharge includes patient safety, the family's ability to care for the child at home and the ongoing treatment they will need, which has a direct influence on their health outcomes and future readmissions to hospital. There are no standard criteria for discharge practice and registered nurses have reported concerns about their ability to provide education and discharge planning to meet the needs of the patient and their family. A literature review was carried out to ascertain the current discharge principles adhered to in practice and the implemented tools used...
October 7, 2016: Nursing Children and Young People
Paula Cronin, Rebecca Reeve, Patricia Mccabe, Rosalie Viney, Stephen Goodall
PURPOSE: This study investigated the relationship between children's language difficulties and health care costs using the 2004-2012 Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (LSAC). METHOD: Language difficulties were defined as scores ≤1.25SD below the standardised mean on measures of directly assessed receptive vocabulary (4-9 years) and teacher-reported language and literacy (10-13 years). Participant data were individually linked to administrative data, which were sourced from Australia's universal subsidised healthcare scheme (Medicare)...
October 7, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Mamta Rajbhar, Sanjay K Mohanty
This study examined the effect of reproductive and child health (RCH) services on fertility and child mortality in the districts of Uttar Pradesh. It specifically measured the effect of antenatal care, medical assistance at birth, child immunization and use of modern methods of contraception on Total Fertility Rate (TFR), Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) and Under-five Morality Rate (U5MR) before and after the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) period. Data from the 2002-04 District Level Household Survey (DLHS-2), 2012-13 Annual Health Survey (AHS) and the 2001 and 2011 Censuses of India were used...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
Marshall Makate, Clifton Makate
The primary objective of this analysis is to investigate the causal effect of mother's schooling on under-five health - and the passageways through which schooling propagates - by exploiting the exogenous variability in schooling prompted by the 1994 universal primary schooling program in Malawi. This education policy, which saw the elimination of tuition fees across all primary schooling grades, creates an ideal setting for observing the causal influence of improved primary school enrollment on the under-five fatality rates of the subsequent generation...
November 2016: Social Science & Medicine
Carlyn Mann, Courtney Ng, Nadia Akseer, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Josephine Borghi, Tim Colbourn, Patricia Hernández-Peña, Luis Huicho, Muhammad Ashar Malik, Melisa Martinez-Alvarez, Spy Munthali, Ahmad Shah Salehi, Mekonnen Tadesse, Mohammed Yassin, Peter Berman
BACKGROUND: Countdown to 2015 (Countdown) supported countries to produce case studies that examine how and why progress was made toward the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) 4 and 5. Analysing how health-financing data explains improvements in RMNCH outcomes was one of the components to the case studies. METHODS: This paper presents a descriptive analysis on health financing from six Countdown case studies (Afghanistan, Ethiopia, Malawi, Pakistan, Peru, and Tanzania), supplemented by additional data from global databases and country reports on macroeconomic, health financing, demographic, and RMNCH outcome data as needed...
2016: BMC Public Health
A Goto
This article examines postdisaster public health activities (focusing primarily on parenting support) through collaboration between universities and local government, and reports on the support provided to public health nurses, who are the gatekeepers of community health. For a year after the Fukushima disaster, discussions were held on the short- and long-term measures for responding to the concerns of parents, who face difficulty interpreting risks. Child health checkup data and mothers' counselling sessions with public health nurses were analysed to gather evidence to reinforce the health system over the long term...
September 14, 2016: Annals of the ICRP
Dafna Benadof, Evlambia Hajishengallis, Amanda Cole, Carolina Vidal
BACKGROUND: The parent's ability to obtain, process, and understand important oral health information (i.e., their oral health literacy) is directly related to their child's oral health status. AIM: To assess the relationship between oral literacy demands placed on parents by dentists and parents' understanding of dental information given to them. DESIGN: Thirty-one consenting primary caregivers of children attending their first dental visit completed a demographic survey, a REALD-30 test, and a survey to test understanding of dental information...
September 9, 2016: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Karen A Bonuck, Arthur Blank, Barbara True-Felt, Ronald Chervin
Inadequate or poor quality sleep in early childhood impairs social-emotional and cognitive function via effects on the developing brain and increases obesity risk via hormonal and endocrine effects. The prevalence of short sleep duration, behavioral sleep problems, and sleep-disordered breathing among children aged 3 to 5 years is 20% to 50%. Healthy sleep habits increase sleep duration and prevent behavioral sleep problems. Awareness of sleep-disordered breathing symptoms leads to its timely treatment. We designed a study that aims to empower families whose children are in early childhood programs with the knowledge and skills needed to obtain healthy sleep and to recognize a sleep problem...
2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
(no author information available yet)
School readiness includes not only the early academic skills of children but also their physical health, language skills, social and emotional development, motivation to learn, creativity, and general knowledge. Families and communities play a critical role in ensuring children's growth in all of these areas and thus their readiness for school. Schools must be prepared to teach all children when they reach the age of school entry, regardless of their degree of readiness. Research on early brain development emphasizes the effects of early experiences, relationships, and emotions on creating and reinforcing the neural connections that are the basis for learning...
September 2016: Pediatrics
Jenny S Radesky, Dimitri A Christakis
The authors review trends in adoption of new digital technologies (eg, mobile and interactive media) by families with young children (ages 0-8 years), continued use of television and video games, and the evidence for learning from digital versus hands-on play. The authors also discuss continued concerns about health and developmental/behavioral risks of excessive media use for child cognitive, language, literacy, and social-emotional development. This evidence is then applied to clinical care in terms of the screening questions providers can use, tools available to providers and parents, and changes in anticipatory guidance...
October 2016: Pediatric Clinics of North America
Jon Quach, Anna M H Price, Michael Bittman, Harriet Hiscock
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to use national Australian time-diary data to examine both (1) cross-sectionally and (2) longitudinally whether being late versus early to sleep or wake is associated with poorer child behavior, quality of life, learning, cognition and weight status, and parental mental health. METHODS: HASH(0x4d3ee90) DESIGN/SETTING: Data from the first three waves of the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children were taken...
June 2016: Sleep Medicine
Kyla Berrier
Medication errors may occur during parental administration of prescription and over-the-counter medications in the outpatient pediatric setting. Misinterpretation of medication labels and dosing errors are two types of errors in medication administration. Health literacy may play an important role in parents' ability to safely manage their child's medication regimen. There are several proposed strategies for decreasing these medication administration errors, including using standardized dosing instruments, using strictly metric units for medication dosing, and providing parents and caregivers with picture-based dosing instructions...
September 2016: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
Sarah R Blackstone, Ucheoma Nwaozuru, Juliet Iwelunmor
Nigeria is the second largest contributor to child (under-5) mortality in the world, with an average of 128 child deaths per 1000 live births, and is not on track to meet the Millennium Development Goals of reducing childhood mortality rates to 64 per 1000. Data from the 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS) report were analysed to explore the relationship between structural and intermediary maternal characteristics and likelihood of childhood mortality. Binary logistic regressions for the first three reported births were conducted with childhood mortality (e...
August 17, 2016: Global Public Health
James P Guevara, Brooke Rothman, Elizabeth Brooks, Marsha Gerdes, Fayetta McMillon-Jones, Katherine Yun
INTRODUCTION: Few eligible children participate in early intervention (EI) programs. The objective of this study was to determine feasibility and outcomes of a novel patient navigation program on EI referrals among a diverse group of at-risk children. METHODS: During a 6-month period, a patient navigator was assigned to an urban pediatric clinic to engage families, provide education on early child development and EI, and assist families with completing multidisciplinary evaluations...
September 2016: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
Ashish Awasthi, C M Pandey, Rajesh K Chauhan, Uttam Singh
OBJECTIVES: To examine the level and trend in the coverage gap of a set of interventions of maternal and child health services using a summary index and to assess the disparity in usage of maternal and child health services in the districts of high focus states of India. DESIGN: Data for the present study are taken from the Annual Health Survey (AHS), 2010-2013 and Census of India, 2011. SETTINGS: This study used secondary data from states having higher mortality and fertility rates, termed as high focus states in India...
2016: BMJ Open
Maina Kariuki, Alessandra Raudino, Melissa J Green, Kristin R Laurens, Kimberlie Dean, Sally A Brinkman, Rhoshel K Lenroot, Enwu Liu, Felicity Harris, Luming Luo, Vaughan J Carr
AIM: Childhood infectious diseases can be associated with later physical and psychological ill health, and the effects of this association may be evident during early childhood development. This study aimed to examine the effects of hospitalisation for early life infection on early childhood development. METHODS: Hospital admission data for infection were obtained from the New South Wales Ministry of Health Admitted Patient Data Collection for 87 026 children, for whom the Australian Early Development Census (AEDC) was completed in their first year of formal schooling (age approximately 5 years)...
September 2016: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Deb K Pal, Colin Ferrie, Laura Addis, Tomoyuki Akiyama, Giuseppe Capovilla, Roberto Caraballo, Anne de Saint-Martin, Natalio Fejerman, Renzo Guerrini, Khalid Hamandi, Ingo Helbig, Andreas A Ioannides, Katsuhiro Kobayashi, Dennis Lal, Gaetan Lesca, Hiltrud Muhle, Bernd A Neubauer, Tiziana Pisano, Gabrielle Rudolf, Caroline Seegmuller, Takashi Shibata, Anna Smith, Pasquale Striano, Lisa J Strug, Pierre Szepetowski, Thalia Valeta, Harumi Yoshinaga, Michalis Koutroumanidis
The term idiopathic focal epilepsies of childhood (IFE) is not formally recognised by the ILAE in its 2010 revision (Berg et al., 2010), nor are its members and boundaries precisely delineated. The IFEs are amongst the most commonly encountered epilepsy syndromes affecting children. They are fascinating disorders that hold many "treats" for both clinicians and researchers. For example, the IFEs pose many of the most interesting questions central to epileptology: how are functional brain networks involved in the manifestation of epilepsy? What are the shared mechanisms of comorbidity between epilepsy and neurodevelopmental disorders? How do focal EEG discharges impact cognitive functioning? What explains the age-related expression of these syndromes? Why are EEG discharges and seizures so tightly locked to slow-wave sleep? In the last few decades, the clinical symptomatology and the respective courses of many IFEs have been described, although they are still not widely appreciated beyond the specialist community...
September 1, 2016: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
J K Thapa, P Manandhar, R K Subedi, S Dahal, N B Mahotra, A Pandey
BACKGROUND: Assessing health status is crucial to understand the level of health in the community. Maternal health, child health and behavioral practice on diseases are key issues to assess health status of a community in Nepal. Nationwide surveys and literature suggest that there is improvement in health status of Nepalese community. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess general health status of Khanigaun VDC of Nepal and compare it with regional and national status. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was undertaken using semi-structured questionnaire, interview and observation methods...
January 2016: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
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