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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441934/health-literacy-in-childhood-and-youth-a-systematic-review-of-definitions-and-models
#1
Janine Bröder, Orkan Okan, Ullich Bauer, Dirk Bruland, Sandra Schlupp, Torsten M Bollweg, Luis Saboga-Nunes, Emma Bond, Kristine Sørensen, Eva-Maria Bitzer, Susanne Jordan, Olga Domanska, Christiane Firnges, Graça S Carvalho, Uwe H Bittlingmayer, Diane Levin-Zamir, Jürgen Pelikan, Diana Sahrai, Albert Lenz, Patricia Wahl, Malcolm Thomas, Fabian Kessl, Paulo Pinheiro
BACKGROUND: Children and young people constitute a core target group for health literacy research and practice: during childhood and youth, fundamental cognitive, physical and emotional development processes take place and health-related behaviours and skills develop. However, there is limited knowledge and academic consensus regarding the abilities and knowledge a child or young person should possess for making sound health decisions. The research presented in this review addresses this gap by providing an overview and synthesis of current understandings of health literacy in childhood and youth...
April 26, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441327/exclusive-breastfeeding-practice-and-its-association-among-mothers-of-under-5-children-in-kwango-district-dr-congo
#2
Sarita Dhakal, Tae Ho Lee, Eun Woo Nam
The benefit of the breastfeeding has been well-established. In comparison to partial breast feeding, exclusive breastfeeding has even more benefits. The aim of this study was to identify the factors associated with breastfeeding exclusivity during the first 6 months of life in order to better target public health interventions in this community towards healthier infant nutrition and address child mortality in this population. A cross-sectional survey among 1145 random households was conducted in the Kwango district of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) during 2 November 2015 to 13 November 2015...
April 25, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403463/facilitators-and-barriers-to-cigarette-smoking-while-pregnant-for-women-with-substance-use-disorders
#3
Shauna P Acquavita, Alexandra Talks, Kayleigh Fiser
Introduction: Cigarette smoking among pregnant women diagnosed with substance use disorders (SUD) is four times higher than smoking among pregnant women without SUD. However, much of the literature on pregnancy and smoking has centered on the latter group. This study used the Health Belief Model as a framework to explore smoking cessation in pregnant women with SUD. Methods: Four 60-minute focus groups were conducted with a semistructured moderator guide. Participants (N = 21) were women who smoked during pregnancy, gave birth within the past year, and were residing at a women's SUD treatment center...
May 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399356/understanding-the-influence-of-socioeconomic-environment-on-paediatric-anti-retroviral-treatment-coverage-towards-closing-treatment-gaps-in-sub-saharan-africa
#4
Daniel A Adeyinka, Meirion R Evans, Chamberline E Ozigbu, Hugo van Woerden, Esther F Adeyinka, Olanrewaju Oladimeji, Chris Aimakhu, Deborah Odoh, Dick Chamla
OBJECTIVE: Many sub-Saharan African countries have massively scaled-up their antiretroviral treatment (ART) programmes, but many national programmes still show large gaps in paediatric ART coverage making it challenging to reduce AIDS-related deaths among HIV-infected children. We sought to identify enablers of paediatric ART coverage in Africa by examining the relationship between paediatric ART coverage and socioeconomic parameters measured at the population level so as to accelerate reaching the 90-90-90 targets...
March 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397640/school-based-disaster-recovery-promotion-of-children-s-mental-health-over-the-long-haul
#5
Elizabeth Peacock-Chambers, Pilar Del Canto, Douglas Ahlers, Mario Valdivia Peralta, Judith Palfrey
The February 2010 earthquake and tsunamis destroyed 80% of the coastal town of Dichato, Chile, displacing over 400 families for nearly 4 years. The coalition Recupera Chile (RC) participated in the town's integrated recovery process from January 2011 to the present with a focus on children's mental health. The multidisciplinary RC coalition emphasized community-led post-disaster recovery, economic capacity rebuilding, and community health promotion (www.recuperachile.org). RC's child health team fostered partnerships between the local elementary school, health clinic, Universidad de Concepcion, and Boston Children's Hospital...
April 11, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366007/lessons-learned-while-developing-adapting-and-implementing-a-pilot-parent-mediated-behavioural-intervention-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-rural-bangladesh
#6
Jasmine M Blake, Eric Rubenstein, Peng-Chou Tsai, Hafizur Rahman, Sarah R Rieth, Hasmot Ali, Li-Ching Lee
Low- and middle-income countries often have limited resources, underdeveloped health systems and scarce knowledge of autism spectrum disorder. The objectives of this preliminary study were to develop and adapt intervention materials and to train a native clinician to implement a community-based parent-mediated behavioural intervention in rural Gaibandha, Bangladesh. Intervention materials to support parents' use of behavioural strategies were developed and refined by US behavioural intervention experts and Bangladesh field experts...
March 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363513/measuring-iran-s-success-in-achieving-millennium-development-goal-4-a-systematic-analysis-of-under-5-mortality-at-national-and-subnational-levels-from-1990-to-2015
#7
Younes Mohammadi, Mahboubeh Parsaeian, Parinaz Mehdipour, Ardeshir Khosravi, Bagher Larijani, Ali Sheidaei, Anita Mansouri, Amir Kasaeian, Kamran Yazdani, Maziar Moradi-Lake, Elaheh Kazemi, Saeideh Aghamohammadi, Nazila Rezaei, Maryam Chegini, Rosa Haghshenas, Hamidreza Jamshidi, Farnaz Delavari, Mohsen Asadi-Lari, Farshad Farzadfar
BACKGROUND: Child mortality as one of the key Millennium Development Goals (MDG 4-to reduce child mortality by two-thirds from 1990 to 2015), is included in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG 3, target 2-to reduce child mortality to fewer than 25 deaths per 1000 livebirths for all countries by 2030), and is a key indicator of the health system in every country. In this study, we aimed to estimate the level and trend of child mortality from 1990 to 2015 in Iran, to assess the progress of the country and its provinces toward these goals...
March 27, 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332324/randomized-controlled-trial-of-an-early-child-obesity-prevention-intervention-impacts-on-infant-tummy-time
#8
Rachel S Gross, Alan L Mendelsohn, H Shonna Yin, Suzy Tomopoulos, Michelle B Gross, Roberta Scheinmann, Mary Jo Messito
OBJECTIVE: To describe infant activity at 3 months old and to test the efficacy of a primary care-based child obesity prevention intervention on promoting infant activity in low-income Hispanic families. METHODS: This study was a randomized controlled trial (n = 533) comparing a control group of mother-infant dyads receiving standard prenatal and pediatric primary care with an intervention group receiving "Starting Early," with individual nutrition counseling and nutrition and parenting support groups coordinated with prenatal and pediatric visits...
May 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288596/needles-jabs-and-jags-a-qualitative-exploration-of-barriers-and-facilitators-to-child-and-adult-immunisation-uptake-among-gypsies-travellers-and-roma
#9
Cath Jackson, Helen Bedford, Francine M Cheater, Louise Condon, Carol Emslie, Lana Ireland, Philippa Kemsley, Susan Kerr, Helen J Lewis, Julie Mytton, Karen Overend, Sarah Redsell, Zoe Richardson, Christine Shepherd, Lesley Smith, Lisa Dyson
BACKGROUND: Gypsies, Travellers and Roma (referred to as Travellers) are less likely to access health services including immunisation. To improve immunisation rates, it is necessary to understand what helps and hinders individuals in these communities in taking up immunisations. This study had two aims. 1. Investigate the views of Travellers in the UK on the barriers and facilitators to acceptability and uptake of immunisations and explore their ideas for improving immunisation uptake; 2...
March 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277088/do-changes-in-socio-demographic-characteristics-impact-up-to-date-immunization-status-between-3-and-24-months-of-age-a-prospective-study-among-an-inner-city-birth-cohort-in-the-united-states
#10
Susmita Pati, Jiayu Huang, Angie Wong, Zeinab Baba, Svetlana Ostapenko, Alexander G Fiks, Avital Cnaan
INTRODUCTION: Low-income child populations remain under-vaccinated. Our objective was to determine differences in the relative importance of maternal health literacy and socio-demographic characteristics that often change during early childhood on up-to-date (UTD) immunization status among a low-income population. METHODS: We performed secondary data analysis of a longitudinal prospective cohort study of 744 Medicaid-eligible mother-infant dyads recruited at the time of the infant's birth from an inner-city hospital in the United States and surveyed every 6 months for 24 months...
February 27, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254516/relationship-between-teach-back-and-patient-centered-communication-in-primary-care-pediatric-encounters
#11
Adam Badaczewski, Laurie J Bauman, Arthur E Blank, Benard Dreyer, Mary Ann Abrams, Ruth E K Stein, Debra L Roter, Jobayer Hossain, Hal Byck, Iman Sharif
OBJECTIVE: We proposed and tested a theoretical framework for how use of Teach-back could influence communication during the pediatric clinical encounter. METHODS: Audio-taped pediatric primary care encounters with 44 children with asthma were coded using the Roter Interaction Analysis System to measure patient-centered communication and affective engagement of the parent. A newly created Teach-back Loop Score measured the extent to which Teach-back occurred during the clinical encounter; parental health literacy was measured by Newest Vital Sign...
February 24, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252375/policy-at-play-the-implementation-of-healthy-eating-and-active-living-guidelines-in-municipal-child-care-settings
#12
Kelly McKay, Sherry Nigro
BACKGROUND: In 2012, Ottawa Public Health (OPH) partnered with the City of Ottawa Municipal Child Care (MCC) Services to develop Healthy Eating and Active Living (HEAL) Guidelines. SETTING: The Guidelines aim to promote consistent standards of practice in child care settings related to healthy environments and food, physical activity, physical literacy, decreased sedentary behaviours, and positive role modeling by staff. The Guidelines targeted 498 children aged 18 months to 5 years, attending MCC centres...
March 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185206/what-you-don-t-know-can-hurt-you-the-risk-of-language-deprivation-by-impairing-sign-language-development-in-deaf-children
#13
Wyatte C Hall
A long-standing belief is that sign language interferes with spoken language development in deaf children, despite a chronic lack of evidence supporting this belief. This deserves discussion as poor life outcomes continue to be seen in the deaf population. This commentary synthesizes research outcomes with signing and non-signing children and highlights fully accessible language as a protective factor for healthy development. Brain changes associated with language deprivation may be misrepresented as sign language interfering with spoken language outcomes of cochlear implants...
May 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179482/language-outcomes-at-7-years-early-predictors-and-co-occurring-difficulties
#14
Cristina McKean, Sheena Reilly, Edith L Bavin, Lesley Bretherton, Eileen Cini, Laura Conway, Fallon Cook, Patricia Eadie, Margot Prior, Melissa Wake, Fiona Mensah
OBJECTIVE: To examine at 7 years the language abilities of children, the salience of early life factors and language scores as predictors of language outcome, and co-occurring difficulties METHODS: A longitudinal cohort study of 1910 infants recruited at age 8 to 10 months. Exposures included early life factors (sex, prematurity, birth weight/order, twin birth, socioeconomic status, non-English speaking background,family history of speech/language difficulties); maternal factors (mental health, vocabulary, education, and age); and child language ability at 2 and 4 years...
February 8, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150059/conceptualizing-a-public-health-prevention-intervention-for-bridging-the-30-million-word-gap
#15
REVIEW
Charles R Greenwood, Judith J Carta, Dale Walker, Jomella Watson-Thompson, Jill Gilkerson, Anne L Larson, Alana Schnitz
Early childhood experience is a social determinant of children's health and well-being. The well-being of young children is founded on their relationships and interactions with parents and family members in the home, caregivers, and teachers in early education, and friends and families in the greater community. Unfortunately, the early language experience of infants and toddlers from low-income families is typically vastly different than children from middle- and higher-income families. Hart and Risley (Meaningful differences in the everyday experience of young American children...
March 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137702/assessing-mobile-phone-access-and-perceptions-for-texting-based-mhealth-interventions-among-expectant-mothers-and-child-caregivers-in-remote-regions-of-northern-kenya-a-survey-based-descriptive-study
#16
Abdul Momin Kazi, Jason-Louis Carmichael, Galgallo Waqo Hapanna, Patrick Gikaria Wangoo, Sarah Karanja, Denis Wanyama, Samuel Opondo Muhula, Lennie Bazira Kyomuhangi, Mores Loolpapit, Gilbert Bwire Wangalwa, Koki Kinagwi, Richard Todd Lester
BACKGROUND: With a dramatic increase in mobile phone use in low- and middle-income countries, mobile health (mHealth) has great potential to connect health care services directly to participants enrolled and improve engagement of care. Rural and remote global settings may pose both significant challenges and opportunities. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to understand the demographics, phone usage and ownership characteristics, and feasibility among patients in rural and remote areas of Kenya of having text messaging (short messaging service, SMS)-based mHealth intervention for improvements in antenatal care attendance and routine immunization among children in Northern Kenya...
January 30, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110492/what-are-the-determinants-of-food-security-among-regional-and-remote-western-australian-children
#17
Stephanie L Godrich, Christina R Davies, Jill Darby, Amanda Devine
OBJECTIVE: To explore how determinants of food security affect children in regional and remote Western Australia (WA), across food availability, access and utilisation dimensions. METHODS: The Determinants of Food Security framework guided the thematic analysis (using NVivo 10) of semi-structured interviews with 20 key informants. RESULTS: Food availability factors included availability, price, promotion, quality, location of outlets and variety...
January 22, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092969/problem-internet-use-and-internet-gaming-disorder-a-survey-of-health-literacy-among-psychiatrists-from-australia-and-new-zealand
#18
Pravin Dullur, Phillipa Hay
OBJECTIVES: Research is limited on psychiatrists' opinions on the concepts of Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) and Problematic Internet Use (PIU). We aimed to assess health literacy among psychiatrists on IGD/PIU. METHODS: A self-report survey was administered online to members of the Royal Australia and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists (RANZCP) ( n=289). RESULTS: The majority (93.7%) were familiar with the concepts of IGD/PIU. The majority (78...
January 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049458/factors-associated-with-male-involvement-in-reproductive-care-in-bangladesh
#19
Ghose Bishwajit, Shangfeng Tang, Sanni Yaya, Seydou Ide, Hang Fu, Manli Wang, Zhifei He, Feng Da, Zhanchun Feng
BACKGROUND: Men's active involvement in reproductive healthcare has shown to be positively associated with maternal and child health outcomes. Bangladesh has made appreciable progress in its pursuance of maternal mortality related goals in the framework of the MDGs. However, there remains a lot to be accomplished to realise the long-term goals for which active participation of male counterparts in reproductive care is crucial. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to investigate factors associated with male involvement in reproductive health among Bangladeshi men...
January 3, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045551/use-of-a-low-literacy-written-action-plan-to-improve-parent-understanding-of-pediatric-asthma-management-a-randomized-controlled-study
#20
Hsiang Shonna Yin, Ruchi Gupta, Alan L Mendelsohn, Benard P Dreyer, Linda van Schaick, Christina R Brown, Karen Encalada, Dayana Sanchez, Christopher Warren, Suzy Tomopoulos
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether parents who use a low literacy, pictogram- and photograph-based written asthma action plan have a better understanding of child asthma management compared to parents using a standard plan. METHODS: Randomized controlled study in 2 urban pediatric outpatient clinics. INCLUSION CRITERIA: English/Spanish-speaking parents of 2-12 year old asthmatic children. Parents were randomized to receive a low literacy or standard asthma action plan (American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology) for a hypothetical patient on controller and rescue medications...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
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