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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641740/the-power-of-language-nutrition-for-children-s-brain-development-health-and-future-academic-achievement
#1
Lauren Head Zauche, Ashley E Darcy Mahoney, Taylor A Thul, Michael S Zauche, Arianne B Weldon, Jennifer L Stapel-Wax
Language Nutrition, a term created to describe language exposure that is rich in quality and quantity and delivered in the context of social interactions, is crucial for a child's development and is strongly associated with his/her future literacy, academic achievement, and health. However, significant differences in children's early language environments contribute to disparities in their educational and health trajectories. Interventions, including book distribution programs, coaching parents to enrich their child's language environment, and public awareness campaigns, have all been shown to positively influence a child's access to language-rich interactions...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641166/care-coordination-at-a-pediatric-accountable-care-organization-aco-a-qualitative-analysis
#2
Baria Hafeez, Sophia Miller, Anup D Patel, Zachary M Grinspan
OBJECTIVE: Care coordinators may help manage care for children with chronic illness. Their role in pediatric epilepsy care is understudied. We aimed to qualitatively describe the content of a care coordination intervention for children with epilepsy. METHODS: We conducted nine semi-structured interviews and one focus group with care coordinators at a pediatric accountable care organization (ACO) in Ohio. The care coordinators used a modified version of a published care coordination checklist for children with epilepsy (Patel AD, 2014)...
June 19, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639997/parent-education-is-changing-a-review-of-smartphone-apps
#3
Deborah Winders Davis, M Cynthia Logsdon, Krista Vogt, Jeff Rushton, John Myers, Adrian Lauf, Felicia Hogan
PURPOSE: The purpose was to critique existing parenting apps using established criteria and health literacy guidelines. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive methodology was used. METHODS: The Apple App Store was searched using the terms parenting, child health, and infant health. To be included, the apps had to have relevant content (parenting, child health, or infant health), be in English, and contain parent education. After eliminating apps that failed to meet inclusion criteria from the original 203 apps, 46 apps were reviewed...
June 20, 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629857/parents-underestimations-of-child-weight-implications-for-obesity-prevention
#4
Carol J Howe, Gina Alexander, Jada Stevenson
Obesity prevention efforts may be ineffective if parents lack awareness of their children's overweight status. This study examined the factors that predicted parents' underestimation of child weight status. Using a cross sectional design, researchers recruited children and parents in a local children's museum. Parents completed a demographic questionnaire, the Newest Vital Sign, and the Child Body Image Scale. Children's height and weight were measured to calculate child BMI. Random effects modeling examined the association between predictor variables (parent race/ethnicity, income, education, and health literacy, and child BMI percentile, gender, and age) and the dependent variable, parent underestimation of child weight status...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629151/structured-additive-quantile-regression-for-assessing-the-determinants-of-childhood-anemia-in-rwanda
#5
Faustin Habyarimana, Temesgen Zewotir, Shaun Ramroop
Childhood anemia is among the most significant health problems faced by public health departments in developing countries. This study aims at assessing the determinants and possible spatial effects associated with childhood anemia in Rwanda. The 2014/2015 Rwanda Demographic and Health Survey (RDHS) data was used. The analysis was done using the structured spatial additive quantile regression model. The findings of this study revealed that the child's age; the duration of breastfeeding; gender of the child; the nutritional status of the child (whether underweight and/or wasting); whether the child had a fever; had a cough in the two weeks prior to the survey or not; whether the child received vitamin A supplementation in the six weeks before the survey or not; the household wealth index; literacy of the mother; mother's anemia status; mother's age at the birth are all significant factors associated with childhood anemia in Rwanda...
June 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625711/why-parents-seek-care-for-acute-illness-in-the-clinic-or-the-ed-the-role-of-health-literacy
#6
Meghan May, David C Brousseau, David A Nelson, Kathryn E Flynn, Michael S Wolf, Bryn Lepley, Andrea K Morrison
OBJECTIVE: To explore the decision to seek care and decision-making regarding location of care among parents with low and adequate health literacy. METHODS: Parents of children ≤ 8 years old presenting for 'sick child' visits at a clinic or a non-urgent ED visit (triage level 5) were interviewed. The Newest Vital Sign (NVS) categorized parental health literacy. Interviewers followed a semi-structured interview guide to understand 1) care-seeking for current illness and 2) choice of clinic or ED...
June 15, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592976/healthcare-access-challenges-facing-six-african-refugee-mothers-in-south-korea-a-qualitative-multiple-case-study
#7
Min Sun Kim, In Gyu Song, Ah Reum An, Kyae Hyung Kim, Ji Hoon Sohn, Sei Won Yang
PURPOSE: Following legal reform in 2013, the annual number of asylum seekers entering South Korea has increased from 1,143 in 2012 to 5,711 in 2015. We interviewed six African refugee mothers of young children regarding their health needs and barriers to access maternal child health services. METHODS: We recruited mothers who had visited a clinic for immigrants between July 2013 and August 2015. Participants were African refugee women, aged over 18 years, who had given birth in Korea within the previous 5 years and had come to Korea over a year before recruitment...
May 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583185/temporal-changes-and-determinants-of-childhood-nutritional-status-in-kenya-and-zambia
#8
Daniel Hoffman, Thomas Cacciola, Pamela Barrios, James Simon
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of undernutrition is decreasing in many parts of the developing world, but challenges remain in many countries. The objective of this study was to determine factors influencing childhood nutrition status in Kenya and Zambia. The objective of this study is to determine factors associated with temporal changes in childhood nutritional status in two countries in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: Data from national demographic and health surveys from the World Bank for Kenya (1998-2009) and Zambia (1996-2014) were used to select the youngest child of each household with complete data for all variables studied...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546970/the-impact-of-mother-s-literacy-on-child-dental-caries-individual-data-or-aggregate-data-analysis
#9
Ali-Akbar Haghdoost, Hossein Hessari, Mohammad Reza Baneshi, Maryam Rad, Arash Shahravan
INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the impact of mother's literacy on child dental caries based on a national oral health survey in Iran and to investigate the possibility of ecological fallacy in aggregate data analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Existing data were from second national oral health survey that was carried out in 2004, which including 8725 6 years old participants. The association of mother's literacy with caries occurrence (DMF (Decayed, Missing, Filling) total score >0) of her child was assessed using individual data by logistic regression model...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526058/meal-frequency-and-dietary-diversity-feeding-practices-among-children-6-23%C3%A2-months-of-age-in-wolaita-sodo-town-southern-ethiopia
#10
Tefera Chane Mekonnen, Shimelash Bitew Workie, Tesfa Mekonen Yimer, Wubalem Fekadu Mersha
BACKGROUND: Child feeding practices are multidimensional, and they change rapidly within short age intervals. Suboptimal complementary feeding practices contribute to a rapid increase in the prevalence of undernutrition in children in the age of 6-23 months. Information on child feeding practices among urban resident is limited in Ethiopia. The aim was to measure minimum meal frequency and dietary diversity and associated factors among children 6-23 months of age in Wolaita Sodo, Ethiopia...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497581/what-could-cognitive-capital-mean-for-china-s-children
#11
Douglas J Noble, Kathryn Martin, Lisa Qin, Pia Britto, Margo O'sullivan, Jillian Popkins, Ron Pouwels, Robert W Scherpbier, Rana Flowers
Cognitive capital is an emerging paradigm that captures the criticality of investing in children whilst neural proliferation and development of brain architecture are at their peak. Distinct from financial capital, cognitive capital represents investment in future human potential from interventions in nutrition, health, education, child protection, and social welfare systems that optimize brain development. The return on investment is significant given the plasticity of the developing brain in response to positive stimuli...
May 12, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494024/household-food-security-and-adequacy-of-child-diet-in-the-food-insecure-region-north-in-ghana
#12
Pascal Agbadi, Helga Bjørnøy Urke, Maurice B Mittelmark
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Adequate diet is of crucial importance for healthy child development. In food insecure areas of the world, the provision of adequate child diet is threatened in the many households that sometimes experience having no food at all to eat (household food insecurity). In the context of food insecure northern Ghana, this study investigated the relationship between level of household food security and achievement of recommended child diet as measured by WHO Infant and Young Child Feeding Indicators...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441934/health-literacy-in-childhood-and-youth-a-systematic-review-of-definitions-and-models
#13
Janine Bröder, Orkan Okan, Ullrich Bauer, Dirk Bruland, Sandra Schlupp, Torsten M Bollweg, Luis Saboga-Nunes, Emma Bond, Kristine Sørensen, Eva-Maria Bitzer, Susanne Jordan, Olga Domanska, Christiane Firnges, Graça S Carvalho, Uwe H Bittlingmayer, Diane Levin-Zamir, Jürgen Pelikan, Diana Sahrai, Albert Lenz, Patricia Wahl, Malcolm Thomas, Fabian Kessl, Paulo Pinheiro
BACKGROUND: Children and young people constitute a core target group for health literacy research and practice: during childhood and youth, fundamental cognitive, physical and emotional development processes take place and health-related behaviours and skills develop. However, there is limited knowledge and academic consensus regarding the abilities and knowledge a child or young person should possess for making sound health decisions. The research presented in this review addresses this gap by providing an overview and synthesis of current understandings of health literacy in childhood and youth...
April 26, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441327/exclusive-breastfeeding-practice-and-its-association-among-mothers-of-under-5-children-in-kwango-district-dr-congo
#14
Sarita Dhakal, Tae Ho Lee, Eun Woo Nam
The benefit of the breastfeeding has been well-established. In comparison to partial breast feeding, exclusive breastfeeding has even more benefits. The aim of this study was to identify the factors associated with breastfeeding exclusivity during the first 6 months of life in order to better target public health interventions in this community towards healthier infant nutrition and address child mortality in this population. A cross-sectional survey among 1145 random households was conducted in the Kwango district of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) during 2 November 2015 to 13 November 2015...
April 25, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403463/facilitators-and-barriers-to-cigarette-smoking-while-pregnant-for-women-with-substance-use-disorders
#15
Shauna P Acquavita, Alexandra Talks, Kayleigh Fiser
Introduction: Cigarette smoking among pregnant women diagnosed with substance use disorders (SUD) is four times higher than smoking among pregnant women without SUD. However, much of the literature on pregnancy and smoking has centered on the latter group. This study used the Health Belief Model as a framework to explore smoking cessation in pregnant women with SUD. Methods: Four 60-minute focus groups were conducted with a semistructured moderator guide. Participants (N = 21) were women who smoked during pregnancy, gave birth within the past year, and were residing at a women's SUD treatment center...
May 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399356/understanding-the-influence-of-socioeconomic-environment-on-paediatric-anti-retroviral-treatment-coverage-towards-closing-treatment-gaps-in-sub-saharan-africa
#16
Daniel A Adeyinka, Meirion R Evans, Chamberline E Ozigbu, Hugo van Woerden, Esther F Adeyinka, Olanrewaju Oladimeji, Chris Aimakhu, Deborah Odoh, Dick Chamla
OBJECTIVE: Many sub-Saharan African countries have massively scaled-up their antiretroviral treatment (ART) programmes, but many national programmes still show large gaps in paediatric ART coverage making it challenging to reduce AIDS-related deaths among HIV-infected children. We sought to identify enablers of paediatric ART coverage in Africa by examining the relationship between paediatric ART coverage and socioeconomic parameters measured at the population level so as to accelerate reaching the 90-90-90 targets...
March 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397640/school-based-disaster-recovery-promotion-of-children-s-mental-health-over-the-long-haul
#17
Elizabeth Peacock-Chambers, Pilar Del Canto, Douglas Ahlers, Mario Valdivia Peralta, Judith Palfrey
The February 2010 earthquake and tsunamis destroyed 80% of the coastal town of Dichato, Chile, displacing over 400 families for nearly 4 years. The coalition Recupera Chile (RC) participated in the town's integrated recovery process from January 2011 to the present with a focus on children's mental health. The multidisciplinary RC coalition emphasized community-led post-disaster recovery, economic capacity rebuilding, and community health promotion (www.recuperachile.org). RC's child health team fostered partnerships between the local elementary school, health clinic, Universidad de Concepcion, and Boston Children's Hospital...
April 11, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366007/lessons-learned-while-developing-adapting-and-implementing-a-pilot-parent-mediated-behavioural-intervention-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-rural-bangladesh
#18
Jasmine M Blake, Eric Rubenstein, Peng-Chou Tsai, Hafizur Rahman, Sarah R Rieth, Hasmot Ali, Li-Ching Lee
Low- and middle-income countries often have limited resources, underdeveloped health systems and scarce knowledge of autism spectrum disorder. The objectives of this preliminary study were to develop and adapt intervention materials and to train a native clinician to implement a community-based parent-mediated behavioural intervention in rural Gaibandha, Bangladesh. Intervention materials to support parents' use of behavioural strategies were developed and refined by US behavioural intervention experts and Bangladesh field experts...
March 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363513/measuring-iran-s-success-in-achieving-millennium-development-goal-4-a-systematic-analysis-of-under-5-mortality-at-national-and-subnational-levels-from-1990-to-2015
#19
Younes Mohammadi, Mahboubeh Parsaeian, Parinaz Mehdipour, Ardeshir Khosravi, Bagher Larijani, Ali Sheidaei, Anita Mansouri, Amir Kasaeian, Kamran Yazdani, Maziar Moradi-Lake, Elaheh Kazemi, Saeideh Aghamohammadi, Nazila Rezaei, Maryam Chegini, Rosa Haghshenas, Hamidreza Jamshidi, Farnaz Delavari, Mohsen Asadi-Lari, Farshad Farzadfar
BACKGROUND: Child mortality as one of the key Millennium Development Goals (MDG 4-to reduce child mortality by two-thirds from 1990 to 2015), is included in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG 3, target 2-to reduce child mortality to fewer than 25 deaths per 1000 livebirths for all countries by 2030), and is a key indicator of the health system in every country. In this study, we aimed to estimate the level and trend of child mortality from 1990 to 2015 in Iran, to assess the progress of the country and its provinces toward these goals...
May 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332324/randomized-controlled-trial-of-an-early-child-obesity-prevention-intervention-impacts-on-infant-tummy-time
#20
Rachel S Gross, Alan L Mendelsohn, H Shonna Yin, Suzy Tomopoulos, Michelle B Gross, Roberta Scheinmann, Mary Jo Messito
OBJECTIVE: To describe infant activity at 3 months old and to test the efficacy of a primary care-based child obesity prevention intervention on promoting infant activity in low-income Hispanic families. METHODS: This study was a randomized controlled trial (n = 533) comparing a control group of mother-infant dyads receiving standard prenatal and pediatric primary care with an intervention group receiving "Starting Early," with individual nutrition counseling and nutrition and parenting support groups coordinated with prenatal and pediatric visits...
May 2017: Obesity
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