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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169308/factors-influencing-nurse-to-parent-communication-in-culturally-sensitive-pediatric-care-a-qualitative-study
#1
Leila Valizadeh, Vahid Zamanzadeh, Akram Ghahramanian, Parvaneh Aghajari, Cynthia Foronda
BACKGROUND: Cultural sensitivity is one attributes of cultural competence. As a result of immigration in the world and/or health tourism, nurses face the diversity cultural clients every day. Cultural sensitivity and effective communication are the important component of nursing care in delivering quality healthcare to diverse patients, but a few evidence exists about nurse-to-parent communication in culturally sensitive pediatric care. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore factors that influence nurse-to-parent communication in the provision of culturally sensitive pediatric care...
November 23, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164944/community-context-and-child-health-a-human-capital-perspective
#2
Emily Smith-Greenaway
Human capital theory suggests that education benefits individuals' and their children's health through the educational skills people acquire in school. This perspective may also be relevant at the community level: the greater presence of adults with educational skills in a community may be a reason why living in a more highly educated setting benefits health. I use Demographic and Health Survey data for 30 sub-Saharan African countries to investigate whether the percentage of literate adults-specifically women-in a community is associated with children's likelihood of survival...
September 2017: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138172/framework-for-building-primary-care-capacity-to-address-the-social-determinants-of-health
#3
Andrew D Pinto, Gary Bloch
PROBLEM ADDRESSED: Family physicians have long understood that social factors influence the health of individuals and communities; however, most primary care organizations have yet to develop the capacity to specifically address these social determinants of health (SDOH). OBJECTIVE OF PROGRAM: To support SDOH interventions and foster an organizational culture in which addressing SDOH is considered part of high-quality primary care. PROGRAM DESCRIPTION: An academic family health team in Toronto, Ont, established a committee comprising a diverse group of health professionals focused on the SDOH...
November 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132365/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-under-five-mortality-in-rural-bangladesh-evidence-from-seven-national-surveys-spreading-over-20%C3%A2-years
#4
Asiful Haidar Chowdhury, Syed Manzoor Ahmed Hanifi, Mohammad Nahid Mia, Abbas Bhuiya
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic inequality in health and mortality remains a disturbing reality across nations including Bangladesh. Inequality drew renewed attention globally. Bangladesh though made impressive progress in health, it makes an interesting case for learning. This paper examined the trends and changing pattern of socioeconomic inequalities in under-five mortality in rural Bangladesh. It also examined whether mother's education had any effect in reducing socioeconomic inequalities...
November 13, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120885/habitual-snoring-at-age-3-years-links-with-parent-rated-remembering-in-daily-life-and-academic-achievement-at-age-7-years
#5
Rebekah Luo, Barbara C Galland, Amelia I Gill, Patrick Dawes, Elizabeth Schaughency
OBJECTIVE: Habitual snoring in school-aged children is well known to link with poorer cognitive functioning and academic performance, but few studies have explored later developmental outcomes related to snoring initiated in early childhood. The aims of this study were to examine whether habitual snoring at age 3 years predicted perceived memory and academic functioning at age 7 years. METHODS: Parents (n = 460) of children aged 7 years 2 ± 5 months completed a community follow-up survey about their perceptions of their child's sleep and health, memory in daily activities, and academic performance relevant to numeracy and literacy skills...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118081/perceptions-of-dental-hygienists-and-dentists-about-preventing-early-childhood-caries-a-qualitative-study
#6
Alice M Horowitz, Dushanka V Kleinman, Wendy Child, Sarah D Radice, Catherine Maybury
Purpose: The objective of this qualitative pilot study was to gain an in-depth understanding of dental hygienists and dentists perspectives regarding children's oral health and what needs to be done to prevent early childhood caries (ECC), the most frequent chronic disease of childhood.Methods: A skilled facilitator conducted four focus groups and four phone interviews with 20 dental hygienists and 17 dentists practicing in a variety of locations within the state of Maryland. The interview guide was based on results from previous state-wide surveys of dental hygienists and dentists...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025357/fatherhood-in-australian-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-communities-an-examination-of-barriers-and-opportunities-to-strengthen-the-male-parenting-role
#7
Lyndon Reilly, Susan Rees
Traditional Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander societies value men's role as parents; however, the importance of promoting fatherhood as a key social determinant of men's well-being has not been fully appreciated in Western medicine. To strengthen the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander male parenting role, it is vital to examine current barriers and opportunities. The first author (a male Aboriginal health project officer) conducted yarning sessions in three remote Australian communities, two being Aboriginal, the other having a high Aboriginal population...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972515/data-driven-maternal-health-literacy-promotion-and-a-postscript-on-its-implications
#8
Sandra A Smith, Lauren N Carroll
Scientific discovery and global health policy are moving health literacy promotion and maternal-child health from the fringes of research and public health to the forefront of healthcare reform [1]. In 2011 the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Shanghai Declaration [2]. The Declaration highlights new understanding of the origins of health and disease in early development. It calls on all nations to apply this knowledge to reduce the burdens of chronic disease and related disparities worldwide. The Declaration recommends a specific intervention strategy: promote health literacy across the life course, particularly in parents and children, and empower women...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957032/the-influence-of-parental-health-literacy-status-on-reach-attendance-retention-and-outcomes-in-a-family-based-childhood-obesity-treatment-program-virginia-2013-2015
#9
Jamie M Zoellner, Jennie Hill, Wen You, Donna Brock, Madlyn Frisard, Ramine Alexander, Fabiana Silva, Bryan Price, Ruby Marshall, Paul A Estabrooks
INTRODUCTION: Few interventions have evaluated the influence of parent health literacy (HL) status on weight-related child outcomes. This study explores how parent HL affects the reach, attendance, and retention of and outcomes in a 3-month multicomponent family-based program to treat childhood obesity (iChoose). METHODS: This pre-post, quasiexperimental trial occurred in the Dan River Region, a federally designated medically underserved area. iChoose research protocol and intervention strategies were designed using an HL universal precautions approach...
September 28, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936229/determinants-of-infant-and-young-child-feeding-practices-by-mothers-in-two-rural-districts-of-sindh-pakistan-a-cross-sectional-survey
#10
Gul Nawaz Khan, Shabina Ariff, Ubaidullah Khan, Atif Habib, Muhammad Umer, Zamir Suhag, Imtiaz Hussain, Zaid Bhatti, Asmat Ullah, Ali Turab, Ali Ahmad Khan, Alba Cecilia Garzon, Mohammad Imran Khan, Sajid Soofi
BACKGROUND: Infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices during the first two years of life are important for the growth and development of a child. The aim of this study was to assess IYCF practices and its associated factors in two rural districts of Pakistan. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in two rural districts of Sindh province, Pakistan as part of a stunting prevention project between May and August 2014. A standard questionnaire on IYCF practices recommended by World Health Organization was used to collect information from 2013 mothers who had a child aged between 0 and 23 months...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932246/implementation-and-evaluation-of-an-intervention-for-children-in-afghanistan-at-risk-for-substance-use-or-actively-using-psychoactive-substances
#11
Abdul Subor Momand, Elizabeth Mattfeld, Brian Morales, Manzoor Ul Haq, Thom Browne, Kevin E O'Grady, Hendrée E Jones
The present study examined the impact of a novel intervention for children at risk for substance use or actively using substances that was provided to 783 children between 4 and 18 years of age in Afghanistan. They received the Child Intervention for Living Drug-free (CHILD) protocol while in outpatient or residential treatment. CHILD included age-appropriate literacy and numeracy, drug education, basic living safety, and communication and trauma coping skills. A battery of measures examined multiple child health domains at treatment's start and end and 12 weeks later...
2017: International Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902264/intimate-partner-violence-as-a-predictor-of-antenatal-care-service-utilization-in-honduras
#12
Anne K Sebert Kuhlmann, Janine Foggia, Qiang Fu, Manuel Sierra
Objective: To describe the relationship between exposure to physical and/or sexual intimate partner violence (IPV) and indicators of antenatal care (ANC) service utilization among Honduran women of reproductive age. Methods: Data from the 2011-2012 Honduras Demographic and Health Survey were analyzed to describe the relationship between self-reported exposure to IPV and two ANC outcomes: (1) sufficient ANC visits (defined by the Honduran Ministry of Health as five or more visits) and (2) early ANC initiation (within the first trimester)...
August 21, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901159/health-information-preferences-of-parents-in-a-pediatric-emergency-department
#13
Adam M Drent, David C Brousseau, Andrea K Morrison
Parents of children seeking nonurgent care in the emergency department completed surveys concerning media use and preferences for health education material. Results were compiled using descriptive statistics, compared by health literacy level with logistic regression, adjusting for race/ethnicity and income. Semistructured qualitative interviews to elicit reasons for preferences, content preference, and impact of health information were conducted and analyzed using content analysis. Surveys (n = 71) showed that despite equal access to online health information, parents with low health literacy were more likely to use the internet less frequently than daily ( P < ...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838160/rotary-s-polioplus-program-lessons-learned-transition-planning-and-legacy
#14
John L Sever, Michael McGovern, Robert Scott, Carol Pandak, Amy Edwards, David Goodstone
Hundreds of thousands of Rotary volunteers have provided support for polio eradication activities and continue to this day by making financial contributions to the Rotary PolioPlus program, participating in national immunization days, assisting with surveillance, working on local, national, and international advocacy programs for polio eradication, assisting at immunization posts and clinics, and mobilizing their communities for immunization activities (including poliovirus and other vaccines) and other health benefits...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800268/asthma-management-experiences-of-australians-who-are-native-arabic-speakers
#15
Reem Alzayer, Betty Chaar, Iman Basheti, Bandana Saini
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the asthma management experiences of people with asthma within the Arabic-speaking community in Australia. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews guided by a schedule of questions were conducted with 25 Arabic-speaking women with asthma/carer of a child with asthma, recruited from medical practices and community centers in Melbourne, Australia. RESULTS: Twenty-five Arabic-speaking participants with asthma or caring for those with asthma were interviewed...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741283/caring-for-young-children-with-asthma-perspectives-from-urban-community-health-centers
#16
Ellen Childs, Margaret A Laws, Mari-Lynn Drainoni, Anjali Nath, Margaret J Reid, Megan Sandel, Robyn T Cohen
Asthma disproportionately affects low-income, minority youth, with notable disparities among children <5 years of age. Understanding the perceptions of urban community health centers (CHCs) regarding treating young children with asthma could improve care for these patients. This study uses data from semi-structured focus groups with staff from eight urban CHCs. Themes emerged in three domains. Within the parent/family domain, providers noted low rates of follow-up visits, low health literacy, and-for young children specifically-misunderstanding about the diagnosis...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735276/mental-health-literacy-in-primary-care-canadian-research-and-education-for-the-advancement-of-child-health-canreach
#17
Eden S N McCaffrey, Samuel Chang, Geraldine Farrelly, Abdul Rahman, David Cawthorpe
The effectiveness of a continuing education programme in paediatric psychopharmacology designed for primary healthcare providers was objectively measured based on the assumption that training would lead to measurable changes in referral patterns and established clinical measures of referred patients. Using established, valid and reliable measures of clinical urgency embedded in to a regional healthcare system since 2002, the referrals to child and adolescent psychiatric services of physicians who participated in the training (n=99) were compared pretraining and post-training, and to non-participating/untrained referring physicians (n=7753) making referrals over the same time period...
July 22, 2017: Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717921/female-headed-households-associated-with-lower-childhood-stunting-across-culturally-diverse-regions-of-pakistan-results-from-a-cross-sectional-household-survey
#18
Hina Khalid, Erika G Martin
Objectives Early childhood stunting adversely influences long-term cognitive and health outcomes. There is limited evidence on whether female empowerment within households could reduce its prevalence. We investigated this relationship in Punjab, Pakistan, which has high stunting rates and a sizeable proportion of female-headed households, and whether this relationship differed across three provincial regions with diverse cultural attitudes towards the role of women in society. Methods Using cross-sectional data from the 2011 Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey, we identified 13,412 children aged 1-4 from 8985 two-parent households in three culturally distinct regions in Punjab, Pakistan...
October 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716350/progress-and-priorities-for-reproductive-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-in-kenya-a-countdown-to-2015-country-case-study
#19
Emily C Keats, Anthony Ngugi, William Macharia, Nadia Akseer, Emma Nelima Khaemba, Zaid Bhatti, Arjumand Rizvi, John Tole, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: Progress in reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health (RMNCH) in Kenya has been inconsistent over the past two decades, despite the global push to foster accountability, reduce child mortality, and improve maternal health in an equitable manner. Although several cross-sectional assessments have been done, a systematic analysis of RMNCH in Kenya was needed to better understand the push and pull factors that govern intervention coverage and influence mortality trends...
August 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690950/the-role-of-parents-literacy-in-malnutrition-of-children-under-the-age-of-five-years-in-a-semi-urban-community-of-pakistan-a-case-control-study
#20
Umme K Khattak, Saima P Iqbal, Haider Ghazanfar
OBJECTIVES: According to a recent survey, Pakistan was ranked as the third highest country with malnutrition and the under-five child mortality. No realistic solution for this growing problem has been found despite the fact that the struggle to tackle the issue of malnutrition among young Pakistani children has been going on for the last several decades. The objective of our study was to look into the relationship between parental education and malnutrition in Pakistan and to make a recommendation to improve the nutritional condition of the children...
June 5, 2017: Curēus
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