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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443561/building-bridges-to-a-brighter-tomorrow-a-systematic-evidence-review-of-interventions-that-prepare-adolescents-for-adulthood
#1
Barri B Burrus, Kathleen Krieger, Regina Rutledge, Alexander Rabre, Sarah Axelson, Audra Miller, LeBretia White, Christine Jackson
BACKGROUND: Data suggest that adverse social determinants during adolescence can set in motion a lifetime of poor social and health outcomes. Vulnerable youths are at particularly high risk in this regard. OBJECTIVES: To identify and assess the current evidence base for adolescent-focused interventions designed to influence adulthood preparation that could affect longer-term social determinants. SEARCH METHODS: Using a systematic review methodology, we conducted an initial assessment of intervention evaluations targeting 6 adulthood preparation subject (APS) areas to assess the quality and character of the evidence base...
February 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432907/educational-text-messages-decreased-emergency-department-utilization-among-infant-caregivers-a-randomized-trial
#2
Amy Ladley, Amanda Waltos Hieger, Joshua Arthur, Matthew Broom
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to determine the feasibility and effectiveness of text messages as an educational tool to reduce the prevalence of nonurgent emergency department (ED) visits among a population with high levels of low health literacy. METHODS: Prospective, randomized experiment conducted in a large, urban, academic pediatric primary care practice enrolled 231 caregivers of infants into 2 groups: 1) enhanced standard of care (ESoC) materials at well-child visits through 6 months (n=99 completing); 2) ESoC and 4 text messages/week through 6 months (n=108 completing)...
February 9, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430692/mental-health-care-needs-and-preferences-for-mothers-of-children-with-a-disability
#3
K-M Gilson, E Davis, S Johnson, J Gains, D Reddihough, K Williams
BACKGROUND: Mothers of children with a disability are at increased risk of poor mental health compared with mothers of typically developing children. The aim of the study was to describe the mental health care needs and preferences for support of mothers of children and young people aged 0-25 years with a disability. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was used, using an online survey with 294 mothers of children with a disability. Questions were asked about mental health, perceived need for support, barriers to accessing mental health care, and preferences for support...
February 12, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426816/feasibility-and-efficacy-of%C3%A2-a-parent-focused-text-message-delivered-intervention-to%C3%A2-reduce-sedentary-behavior-in-2-to-4-year-old-children-mini-movers-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Katherine L Downing, Jo Salmon, Trina Hinkley, Jill A Hnatiuk, Kylie D Hesketh
BACKGROUND: Despite public health guidelines to limit sedentary behavior, many young children spend large amounts of time sedentary (eg, screen and sitting time) during waking hours. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to test the feasibility and efficacy of a parent-focused, predominantly text message-delivered intervention to support parents to reduce the amount of time their children spend in sedentary behavior. METHODS: Mini Movers was a pilot randomized controlled trial delivered to parents of 2- to 4-year-old children in Melbourne, Australia...
February 9, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417022/a-study-of-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-regarding-administration-of-pediatric-dosage-forms-and-allied-health-literacy-of-caregivers-for-children
#5
Amrita Sil, Chaitali Sengupta, Alak Kumar Das, Puspita Das Sil, Supratim Datta, Avijit Hazra
Context: Caregivers of sick children have to be careful with medicine dosing and giving medicines to a reluctant child can be challenging. Aim: To assess the knowledge, attitude, and practices of caregivers regarding pediatric medicine administration and health literacy allied to this task. Settings and Design: This cross-sectional study was carried out on outpatient and inpatient basis in the pediatrics department of a teaching hospital over 6 months...
July 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415675/teaching-children-road-safety-through-storybooks-an-approach-to-child-health-literacy-in-pakistan
#6
Haris Ahmad, Rubaba Naeem, Asher Feroze, Nukhba Zia, Amarah Shakoor, Uzma Rahim Khan, Asad Iqbal Mian
BACKGROUND: Road traffic injuries (RTIs) commonly affect the younger population in low- and-middle-income countries. School children may be educated about road safety using storybooks with colorful pictures, which tends to increase the child's interest in the text. Therefore, this study assessed the use of bilingual pictorial storybooks to improve RTI prevention knowledge among school children. METHODS: This pretest-posttest study was conducted in eight public and nine private schools of Karachi, Pakistan, between February to May 2015...
February 7, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403617/general-health-literacy-assessment-of-iranian-women-in-mashhad
#7
Lida Jarahi, Reza Asadi, Hamid Reza Hakimi
Background: In women's health, literacy determines their participation in self and family health promotion. Low health literacy is as barrier for understanding medical recommendations, disease prevention and health care. Aim: To assess women's health literacy and relative factors in Mashhad (Iran). Methods: Women referring to healthcare centers in Mashhad in 2012 and 2013, participated in this cross-sectional study by stratified sampling method...
November 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395272/status-and-drivers-of-maternal-newborn-child-and-adolescent-health-in-the-islamic-world-a-comparative-analysis
#8
Nadia Akseer, Mahdis Kamali, Nour Bakhache, Maaz Mirza, Seema Mehta, Sara Al-Gashm, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: The Millennium Development Goal (MDG) period saw dramatic gains in health goals MDG 4 and MDG 5 for improving child and maternal health. However, many Muslim countries in the south Asian, Middle Eastern, and African regions lagged behind. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the status of, progress in, and key determinants of reproductive, maternal, newborn, child, and adolescent health in Muslim majority countries (MMCs). The specific objectives were to understand the current status and progress in reproductive, maternal, newborn, child, and adolescent health in MMCs, and the determinants of child survival among the least developed countries among the MMCs; to explore differences in outcomes and the key contextual determinants of health between MMCs and non-MMCs; and to understand the health service coverage and contextual determinants that differ between best and poor or moderate performing MMCs...
January 30, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359437/nutritional-status-food-insecurity-and-biodiversity-among-the-khasi-in-meghalaya-north-east-india
#9
Daniella Anne L Chyne, Indrapal Ishwarji Meshram, Ananthan Rajendran, Venkaiah Kodali, Neeraja Getti, Phrang Roy, Harriet V Kuhnlein, Thingnganing Longvah
A community-based cross-sectional study was carried out with 603 children ages 5 and under and 500 of their mothers from 510 households to examine the prevalence of undernutrition and chronic diseases among the Khasis of North-East India. Anthropometric measurements including Mid-Upper Arm Circumference, height, and weight were taken. Dry blood spots to estimate haemoglobin and vitamin A were collected from children and women separately by finger prick. Mothers provided data about household socio-demographic particulars and infant and young child feeding practices...
November 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359431/mother-and-child-nutrition-among-the-chakhesang-tribe-in-the-state-of-nagaland-north-east-india
#10
Thingnganing Longvah, Bewe Khutsoh, Indrapal Ishwarji Meshram, Sreerama Krishna, Venkaiah Kodali, Phrang Roy, Harriet V Kuhnlein
Despite the importance of the nutritional status and food systems of Indigenous Peoples, the subject has received very little attention, especially in North-East India. Therefore, a community-based cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out among Chakhesang mothers with children under 5 years of age to evaluate their nutritional status and prevalence of chronic diseases in the context of their dietary habits. From 558 households (HHs), 661 children and 540 mothers were covered using standard anthropometric measurements as well as blood collection for haemoglobin and vitamin A...
November 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357867/generic-health-literacy-measurement-instruments-for-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#11
Orkan Okan, Ester Lopes, Torsten Michael Bollweg, Janine Bröder, Melanie Messer, Dirk Bruland, Emma Bond, Graça S Carvalho, Kristine Sørensen, Luis Saboga-Nunes, Diane Levin-Zamir, Diana Sahrai, Uwe H Bittlingmayer, Jürgen M Pelikan, Malcolm Thomas, Ullrich Bauer, Paulo Pinheiro
BACKGROUND: Health literacy is an important health promotion concern and recently children and adolescents have been the focus of increased academic attention. To assess the health literacy of this population, researchers have been focussing on developing instruments to measure their health literacy. Compared to the wider availability of instruments for adults, only a few tools are known for younger age groups. The objective of this study is to systematically review the field of generic child and adolescent health literacy measurement instruments that are currently available...
January 22, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333939/parents-attitude-awareness-and-behaviour-towards-influenza-vaccination-in-pakistan
#12
Allah Bukhsh, Habib-Ur Rehman, Inayat Ur Rehman, Tahir Mehmood Khan, Tauqeer Hussain Mallhi
National immunization program of Pakistan does not include Influenza vaccines. The low rate of immunization might be attributed to the poor knowledge of influenza vaccination in Pakistan. Current study was aimed to assess the knowledge and attitude of influenza vaccination among parents. A questionnaire-based cross sectional study was conducted among randomly selected parents with at least one child aged >6 months. The responses were recorded against 27 items questionnaire assessing knowledge, perception, attitude and behaviours of parents...
January 15, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302552/complementary-feeding-practices-among-children-aged-6-23-months-in-aligarh-uttar-pradesh
#13
Istiyaq Ahmad, Najam Khalique, Salman Khalil, Urfi, Mohd Maroof
Context: Complementary feeding practices play an important role in the growth and development of the children. Aims: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of complementary feeding practices among children aged 6-23 months and its association with various sociodemographic factors. Settings and Design: The study was a community-based, cross-sectional study conducted at field practice area of Urban Health Training Centre and Rural Health Training Centre, Department of Community Medicine, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237231/the-effect-of-parental-education-on-child-health-quasi-experimental-evidence-from-a-reduction-in-the-length-of-primary-schooling-in-egypt
#14
Fatma Romeh M Ali, Mahmoud A A Elsayed
This paper examines the impact of parental education on child health using a reduction in the length of primary schooling in Egypt. We use a fuzzy regression discontinuity design to compare the health outcomes of children whose parents were exposed to different schooling requirements because they were born either side of a threshold date. Using data from the Demographic and Health Survey (1992-2014), we find no effect of maternal education on child mortality or nutritional status. There is some evidence, although not entirely robust, that father's education reduces the likelihood of child stunting...
December 13, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236993/balanced-nutrition-and-hand-hygiene-for-children-in-south-africa
#15
Amy C Bobbins, Rufaro Manhanzva, Manisha Bhandankar, Sunitha C Srinivas
Globally, ∼5.9 million children under the age of 5 years died in 2015, with the challenges of child mortality and morbidity being common in developing countries. Many of these deaths are preventable and poor nutritional and hygienic practices contribute greatly to these rates. The spread of infectious disease through unhygienic practices, such as inadequate hand hygiene, remains high due to lack of education regarding hygienic infection control practices at home and in the workplace. The aim of this research was to design and implement a participatory health promotion intervention for caregivers at the Rhodes Day Care Centre (RDCC) that highlighted these important public health issues...
December 8, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230919/parents-pain-medication-underdosing-is-associated-with-more-emergency-department-visits-in-sickle-cell-disease
#16
Andrea K Morrison, Matthew P Myrvik, David C Brousseau, Amy L Drendel, J Paul Scott, Alexis Visotcky, Julie A Panepinto
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between health literacy, medication knowledge, and pain treatment skills with emergency department (ED) use of parents of children with sickle cell disease (SCD). METHODS: Parents of children 1- to 12-years-old with SCD were enrolled. Health literacy was assessed using the Newest Vital Sign. Parents completed a structured interview assessing knowledge of the dosage and frequency of home pain medications and an applied skills task requiring them to dose a prescribed pain medication...
December 12, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224793/validity-of-the-toddler-feeding-questionnaire-for-measuring-parent-authoritative-and-indulgent-feeding-practices-which-are-associated-with-stress-and-health-literacy-among-latino-parents-of-preschool-children
#17
William J Heerman, Julie Lounds-Taylor, Stephanie Mitchell, Shari L Barkin
Understanding the contribution of parental feeding practices to childhood obesity among Latino children is a solution-oriented approach that can lead to interventions supporting healthy childhood growth and lowering rates of obesity. The purpose of this study was to confirm the reliability and validity of the Toddler Feeding Questionnaire (TFQ) to measure parental feeding practices among a sample of Spanish-speaking parent-preschool child pairs (n = 529), and to test the hypothesis that parent characteristics of body mass index (BMI), stress, and health literacy are associated with more indulgent and less authoritative feeding practices...
November 3, 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169308/factors-influencing-nurse-to-parent-communication-in-culturally-sensitive-pediatric-care-a-qualitative-study
#18
Leila Valizadeh, Vahid Zamanzadeh, Akram Ghahramanian, Parvaneh Aghajari, Cynthia Foronda
BACKGROUND: Cultural sensitivity is one attributes of cultural competence. As a result of immigration in the world and/or health tourism, nurses face the diversity cultural clients every day. Cultural sensitivity and effective communication are the important component of nursing care in delivering quality healthcare to diverse patients, but a few evidence exists about nurse-to-parent communication in culturally sensitive pediatric care. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore factors that influence nurse-to-parent communication in the provision of culturally sensitive pediatric care...
November 23, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164944/community-context-and-child-health-a-human-capital-perspective
#19
Emily Smith-Greenaway
Human capital theory suggests that education benefits individuals' and their children's health through the educational skills people acquire in school. This perspective may also be relevant at the community level: the greater presence of adults with educational skills in a community may be a reason why living in a more highly educated setting benefits health. I use Demographic and Health Survey data for 30 sub-Saharan African countries to investigate whether the percentage of literate adults-specifically women-in a community is associated with children's likelihood of survival...
September 2017: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138172/framework-for-building-primary-care-capacity-to-address-the-social-determinants-of-health
#20
Andrew D Pinto, Gary Bloch
PROBLEM ADDRESSED: Family physicians have long understood that social factors influence the health of individuals and communities; however, most primary care organizations have yet to develop the capacity to specifically address these social determinants of health (SDOH). OBJECTIVE OF PROGRAM: To support SDOH interventions and foster an organizational culture in which addressing SDOH is considered part of high-quality primary care. PROGRAM DESCRIPTION: An academic family health team in Toronto, Ont, established a committee comprising a diverse group of health professionals focused on the SDOH...
November 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
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