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warm ischemia injury and reperfusion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324683/pentoxifylline-and-methylprednisolone-additively-alleviate-kidney-failure-and-prolong-survival-of-rats-after-renal-warm-ischemia-reperfusion
#1
Grzegorz Wystrychowski, Wojciech Wystrychowski, Władysław Grzeszczak, Andrzej Więcek, Robert Król, Antoni Wystrychowski
Renal ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) induces local inflammation leading to kidney damage. Since pentoxifylline (PTX) and steroids have distinct immunomodulatory properties, we aimed to evaluate for the first time their combined use in IRI-induced acute kidney injury (AKI) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) in rats. In two experiments, PTX (100 mg/kg body weight subcutaneously) was administered 90 min prior to renal IRI or/and methylprednisolone (MP; 100 mg/kg body weight intramuscularly) was infused 60 min after reperfusion of a solitary kidney (AKI model: 45 min ischemia, 48 male Sprague-Dawley rats) or one kidney with excision of contralateral kidney 2 weeks later (CKD model: 90 min ischemia, 38 rats)...
January 11, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310591/uncontrolled-donation-after-circulatory-death-comparison-of-two-kidney-preservation-protocols-on-graft-outcomes
#2
Claire Delsuc, Alexandre Faure, Julien Berthiller, Didier Dorez, Xavier Matillon, Vannary Meas-Yedid, Bernard Floccard, Guillaume Marcotte, Vanessa Labeye, Maud Rabeyrin, Ricardo Codas, Cécile Chauvet, Philip Robinson, Emmanuel Morelon, Lionel Badet, William Hanf, Thomas Rimmelé
BACKGROUND: Kidney transplantation following uncontrolled donation after circulatory death (uDCD) presents a high risk of delayed graft function due to prolonged warm ischemia time. In order to minimise the effects of ischemia/reperfusion injury during warm ischemia, normothermic recirculation recently replaced in situ perfusion prior to implantation in several institutions. The aim of this study was to compare these preservation methods on kidney graft outcomes. METHODS: The primary endpoint was the one-year measured graft filtration rate (mGFR)...
January 8, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309377/the-effects-of-short-term-subnormothermic-perfusion-after-cold-preservation-on-liver-grafts-from-donors-after-cardiac-death-an-ex-vivo-rat-model
#3
Yuta Kakizaki, Shigehito Miyagi, Kenji Shimizu, Koji Miyazawa, Wataru Nakanishi, Kazuaki Tokodai, Yasuyuki Hara, Chikashi Nakanishi, Michiaki Unno, Takashi Kamei, Masafumi Goto, Susumu Satomi
BACKGROUND: We previously reported that short oxygenated warm perfusion before cold storage (CS) had improved the graft viability of rat livers from donors after cardiac death (DCD). In this study, we investigated the effectiveness of short-term oxygenated subnormothermic perfusion for different durations after CS in a rat DCD model. METHODS: We used an isolated perfused rat liver system. In Study 1: the grafts were retrieved from Wistar rats 30min after cardiac arrest (thoracotomy), preserved in CS for 6h, and perfused with oxygenated subnormothermic (20-25°C) Krebs-Henseleit buffer for different durations (0, 15, 30, 60, and 90min groups; n=5 in each)...
January 5, 2018: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290907/morphological-alterations-and-redox-changes-associated-with-hepatic-warm-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#4
Rim Jawad, Melroy D'souza, Lisa Arodin Selenius, Marita Wallenberg Lundgren, Olof Danielsson, Greg Nowak, Mikael Björnstedt, Bengt Isaksson
AIM: To study the effects of warm ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury on hepatic morphology at the ultrastructural level and to analyze the expression of the thioredoxin (TRX) and glutaredoxin (GRX) systems. METHODS: Eleven patients undergoing liver resection were subjected to portal triad clamping (PTC). Liver biopsies were collected at three time points; first prior to PTC (baseline), 20 min after PTC (post-ischemia) and 20 min after reperfusion (post-reperfusion)...
December 8, 2017: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287721/intravital-imaging-of-neutrophil-recruitment-in-intestinal-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#5
Shintaro Hashimoto, Masaki Honda, Takayuki Takeichi, Masataka Sakisaka, Yasuko Narita, Daiki Yoshii, Keiichi Uto, Seisuke Sakamoto, Yukihiro Inomata
BACKGROUND: Neutrophils are known to be key players in innate immunity. Activated neutrophils induce local inflammation, which results in pathophysiologic changes during intestinal ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI). However, most studies have been based on static assessments, and few have examined real-time intravital neutrophil recruitment. We herein report a method for imaging and evaluating dynamic changes in the neutrophil recruitment in intestinal IRI using two-photon laser scanning microscopy (TPLSM)...
January 15, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273372/preischemic-transfusion-of-old-packed-rbcs-exacerbates-early-phase-warm-hepatic-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-rats
#6
Eun Kyung Choi, Jongyoon Baek, Sangyoung Park, Suk Hwan Baek, Joon-Hyuk Choi, Chae Hoon Lee, Eon-Gi Sung, Daelim Jee
BACKGROUND: Hepatic innate immune cells are considered to play a central role in the early phase of hepatic ischemia reperfusion (IR) injury. Transfusion of old red blood cells (RBCs) is known to prime immune cells, and transfusion before IR may exacerbate liver injury because of the expected hyperresponsiveness of immune cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into four groups: sham operation (Sham); hepatic IR only (IR Control); and two transfusion groups, preischemic (Pre-T) and postischemic (Post-T), in which allogeneic RBCs stored for 2 weeks were transfused before hepatic IR or after reperfusion, respectively...
February 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273365/sinusoidal-protection-by-sphingosine-1-phosphate-receptor-1-agonist-in-liver-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#7
Takahiro Ito, Naohisa Kuriyama, Hiroyuki Kato, Akitoshi Matsuda, Shugo Mizuno, Masanobu Usui, Hiroyuki Sakurai, Shuji Isaji
BACKGROUND: Functional and structural damages in sinusoidal endothelial cells (SECs) have a crucial role during hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI). In regulating endothelial function, sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 1 (S1PR1), which is a G protein-coupled receptor, has an important role. The present study aimed to clarify whether SEW2871, a selective S1PR1 agonist, can attenuate hepatic damage caused by hepatic IRI, focusing on SEC functions. METHODS: In vivo, using a 60-min partial-warm IRI model, mice were treated with SEW2871 or without it (with vehicle)...
February 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246201/multiparametric-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-evaluation-of-hepatic-warm-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-a-rabbit-model
#8
Qian Ji, Zhi Qiang Chu, Tao Ren, Shi Chao Xu, Long Jiang Zhang, Wen Shen, Guang Ming Lu
BACKGROUND: To assess the feasibility of noninvasive and quantitative evaluation of hepatic pathophysiological changes in rabbit hepatic warm ischemia-reperfusion injury (WIRI) models by using intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM), diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) MRI. METHODS: Twenty rabbits were randomly divided into hepatic WIRI model group and sham-operation group (n = 10 for each group). Hepatic WIRI was induced in rabbit by occluding hepatic inflow for 30 min and reperfusion for 6 h...
December 15, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227984/microrna-146b-5p-identified-in-porcine-liver-donation-model-is-associated-with-early-allograft-dysfunction-in-human-liver-transplantation
#9
Cheukfai Li, Qiang Zhao, Wei Zhang, Maogen Chen, Weiqiang Ju, Linwei Wu, Ming Han, Yi Ma, Xiaofeng Zhu, Dongping Wang, Zhiyong Guo, Xiaoshun He
BACKGROUND Poor transplant outcome was observed in donation after brain death followed by circulatory death (DBCD), since the donor organs suffered both cytokine storm of brain death and warm ischemia injury. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as promising disease biomarkers, so we sought to establish a miRNA signature of porcine DBCD and verify the findings in human liver transplantation. MATERIAL AND METHODS MiRNA expression was determined with miRNA sequencing in 3 types of the porcine model of organ donation, including donation after brain death (DBD) group, donation after circulatory death (DCD) group, and DBCD group...
December 11, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179487/parp-1-promotes-tumor-recurrence-after-warm-ischemic-liver-graft-transplantation-via-neutrophil-recruitment-and-polarization
#10
Shuai Wang, Fa-Ji Yang, Xun Wang, Yuan Zhou, Bo Dai, Bing Han, Hu-Cheng Ma, Yi-Tao Ding, Xiao-Lei Shi
Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP-1) is a crucial contributor to exacerbate ischemia and reperfusion (IR) injury and cancer process. However, there is little research into whether PARP-1 affects the hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) recurrence after liver transplantation. In this study, we investigated the influence of PARP-1 on hepatic neutrophil mobilizing and phenotype shifting which may lead to HCC recurrence after liver transplantation. We found that rats received the grafts with warm ischemic injury had higher risk of HCC recurrence, which was markedly prevented by pharmacological inhibition of PARP-1 after liver transplantation...
October 24, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177236/a-new-strategy-and-system-for-the-ex-vivo-ovary-perfusion-and-cryopreservation-an-innovation
#11
Mohamed Shehata Ali Mohamed
Children and young adults, who suffer from cancer, receive gonadotoxic therapy, which destroys their fertile abilities after survival. Ovarian cryopreservation and transplantation provide the promising solution to this problem, where the ovary can be removed before the gonadotoxic therapy and reimplanted after patient's survival, where the ovary is to be cryopreserved during the period of the therapy. However, cryopreservation of the whole ovary is still facing great obstacles, namely the ischemic reperfusion injury and the defective cryopreservation related to the defective ability to universally deliver the cryopreservation/warming solutions through the ovarian vascular bed...
June 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160368/the-effects-of-local-ischemic-preconditioning-and-topical-hypothermia-in-renal-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-rats
#12
Guilherme Behrend Ribeiro, Emanuel Burck Dos Santos, Silvia Regina Bona, Pedro Guilherme Schaefer, Tuane Alves Garcez, Eduardo Brasil Rabolini, Guilherme Pereira Smaniotto, Norma Possa Marroni, Carlos Otávio Corso
PURPOSE: Topical hypothermia and local ischemic preconditioning have been shown to reduce renal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury individually. We examined whether combination of both strategies lessens renal I/R injury. METHODS: Post right nephrectomy, 40 male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to five experimental protocols performed in the left kidney: topical hypothermia without ischemia (TH), warm ischemia (IR), ischemic preconditioning followed by warm ischemia (IPC+IR), cold ischemia (TH+IR), and ischemic preconditioning followed by cold ischemia (IPC+TH+IR)...
October 2017: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156799/asiatic-acid-protects-against-hepatic-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-by-inactivation-of-kupffer-cells-via-ppar%C3%AE-nlrp3-inflammasome-signaling-pathway
#13
Ying Xu, Jun Yao, Chen Zou, Heng Zhang, Shouliang Zhang, Jun Liu, Gui Ma, Pengcheng Jiang, Wenbo Zhang
Hepatic ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) contributes to major complications in clinical practice affecting perioperative morbidity and mortality. Recent evidence suggests the key role of nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor (NLR) family pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammaosme activation on the pathogenesis of I/R injury. Asiatic acid (AA) is a pentacyclic triterpene derivative presented with versatile activities, including antioxidant, anti-inflammation and hepatoprotective effects. This study was designed to determine whether AA had potential hepatoprotective benefits against hepatic I/R injury, as well as to unveil the underlying mechanisms involved in the putative effects...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127105/epor2-%C3%A3-cr2-independendent-effects-of-low-dose-epoetin-a-in-porcine-liver-transplantation
#14
Linus Kebschull, Leon Franz Christoph Theilmann, Annika Mohr, Wencke Uennigmann, Sandra Stoeppeler, Barbara Heitplatz, Hans-Ullrich Spiegel, Ralf Bahde, Daniel Michael Palmes, Felix Becker
Ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) remains the key component of graft damage during transplantation. Erythropoietin (EPO) induces anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic effects via the EPOR2/ßcR2-complex, with the potential risk of thrombosis. Previous work indicates that EPO has EPOR2/ßcR2-independent protective effects via direct effects on the endothelium. As the EPOR2/ßcR2-receptor has a very low affinity for EPO, we aimed to test the hypothesis that EPO doses below the level that stimulate this receptor elicit cytoprotective effects via endothelial stimulation in a porcine liver transplantation model...
November 10, 2017: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123239/the-liver-protection-of-propylene-glycol-alginate-sodium-sulfate-preconditioning-against-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-focusing-mapk-pathway-activity
#15
Shizan Xu, Peiqin Niu, Kan Chen, Yujing Xia, Qiang Yu, Ning Liu, Jingjing Li, Sainan Li, Liwei Wu, Jiao Feng, Wenwen Wang, Xiya Lu, Tong Liu, Fan Wang, Weiqi Dai, Xiaoming Fan, Wenhui Mo, Ling Xu, Chuanyong Guo
Hepatic ischemia reperfusion (IR) injury contributes to the morbidity and mortality associated with liver surgery. This study investigated the protective function and mechanism of propylene glycol alginate sodium sulfate (PSS), a sulfated polysaccharide, in a mouse hepatic IR injury model. PSS (25 or 50 mg/kg) or saline were injected intraperitoneally to male Balb/c mice 1 h before 45 min of 70% warm hepatic ischemia and 2, 8, and 24 h of reperfusion. Serum and liver tissue samples were collected for evaluation of hepatocellular damage, liver histology, and assay of inflammatory cytokines, apoptosis- and autophagy-related proteins, and proteins in the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPKs)...
November 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078877/hydrogen-sulfide-prevents-renal-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-clawn-miniature-swine
#16
Mitsuhiro Sekijima, Hisashi Sahara, Katsuyuki Miki, Vincenzo Villani, Yuichi Ariyoshi, Takehiro Iwanaga, Yusuke Tomita, Kazuhiko Yamada
BACKGROUND: Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) has recently been reported to demonstrate both antiinflammatory and cytoprotective effects; however, its efficacy has not been well documented in large animal models. In this study, we examined whether the administration of H2S offers cytoprotective effects on renal ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) in a preclinical miniature swine model. METHODS: Major histocompatibility complex-inbred, CLAWN miniature swine (n = 9) underwent a right nephrectomy, followed by induction of a 120-min period of warm ischemia via placement of clamps on the left renal artery and vein...
November 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077872/allowable-warm-ischemic-time-and-morphological-and-biochemical-changes-in-uterine-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-cynomolgus-macaque-a-basic-study-for-uterus-transplantation
#17
Iori Kisu, Kiyoko Umene, Masataka Adachi, Katsura Emoto, Yuya Nogami, Kouji Banno, Iori Itagaki, Ikuo Kawamoto, Takahiro Nakagawa, Hayato Narita, Atsushi Yoshida, Hideaki Tsuchiya, Kazumasa Ogasawara, Daisuke Aoki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059701/interferon-regulatory-factor-1-rab27a-regulated-extracellular-vesicles-promote-liver-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#18
Mu-Qing Yang, Qiang Du, Julie Goswami, Patrick R Varley, Bin Chen, Rong-Hua Wang, Adrian E Morelli, Donna B Stolz, Timothy R Billiar, Jiyu Li, David A Geller
The role and regulators of extracellular vesicles (EV) secretion in hepatic ischemia/reperfusion (IR) injury have not been defined. Rab27a is a GTPase known to control EVs release. Interferon regulatory factor 1 (IRF-1) is a transcription factor that plays an important role in liver IR and regulates certain GTPases. However, the relationships among IRF-1, Rab27a, and EVs secretion are largely unknown. Here, we show induction of IRF-1 and Rab27a both in vitro in hypoxic hepatocytes and in vivo in warm IR and orthotopic liver transplantation livers...
October 23, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039506/hypothermic-machine-perfusion-ameliorates-inflammation-during-ischemia%C3%A2-reperfusion-injury-via-sirtuin%C3%A2-1%C3%A2-mediated-deacetylation-of-nuclear-factor%C3%A2-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-p65-in-rat-livers-donated-after-circulatory-death
#19
Cheng Zeng, Xiaoyan Hu, Weiyang He, Yanfeng Wang, Ling Li, Yan Xiong, Qifa Ye
Hypothermic machine perfusion (HMP) effectively reduces ischemia‑reperfusion injury (IRI) in livers donated after circulatory death (DCD) when compared with cold storage (CS). However, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. The current study aimed to investigate the cellular mechanisms by which HMP ameliorates the inflammatory response during IRI. Adult male Sprague‑Dawley rat livers were exposed to 30 min of warm ischemia following cardiac arrest and preserved by CS or HMP for 3 h (n=3 per group)...
December 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024427/combined-liver-kidney-perfusion-enhances-protective-effects-of-normothermic-perfusion-on-livers-grafts-from-donation-after-cardiac-death
#20
Xiaoshun He, Fei Ji, Zhiheng Zhang, Yunhua Tang, Lu Yang, Shanzhou Huang, Wenwen Li, Qiao Su, Wei Xiong, Zebin Zhu, Linhe Wang, Lei Lv, Jiyou Yao, Linan Zhang, Longjuan Zhang, Zhiyong Guo
It has been showed that combined liver-kidney normothermic machine perfusion (NMP) is able to better maintain the circuit's biochemical milieu. Nevertheless, whether the combined perfusion is superior to liver perfusion alone in protecting livers from donation after cardiac death (DCD) is unclear. We aimed to test the hypothesis and explored the mechanisms. Livers from 15 DCD pig donors were subjected to either static cold storage group (Group A), liver alone NMP group (Group B), or combined liver-kidney NMP group (Group C)...
October 10, 2017: Liver Transplantation
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