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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161233/swimming-but-not-vitamin-e-ameliorates-prothrombotic-state-and-hypofibrinolysis-in-a-rat-model-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#1
Hussein F Sakr, Amr M Abbas, Mohamed A Haidara
BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is associated with a systemic procoagulant hypofibrinolysis state that is considered as a risk factor for microangiopathy and peripheral vascular diseases. Swimming exercise ameliorates the metabolic dysfunction in type 2 diabetes. Vitamin E is a natural antioxidant that reduces the risk of endothelial dysfunction in metabolic syndrome. The aim of the present study is to investigate the effect of combined swimming exercise with vitamin E on coagulation as well as blood fibrinolysis markers in rats with NAFLD...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161081/diet-obesity-and-asthma
#2
Lisa G Wood
Obesity has reached epidemic proportions in many developed countries as Western dietary patterns have been widely adopted. These diets are characterized by excess energy intake as well as regular consumption of processed or "fast" foods and limited consumption of fruit, vegetables, and whole grains. The result is a high intake of saturated fat, refined carbohydrates, and sodium; and a low intake of fiber, vitamins, and other phytochemicals. This type of poor-quality diet has been associated with increased risk of chronic inflammatory diseases, including asthma...
November 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160159/reported-habitual-intake-of-breakfast-and-selected-foods-in-relation-to-overweight-status-among-seven-to-nine-year-old-swedish-children
#3
Bente B Nilsen, Agneta Yngve, Celia Monteagudo, Richard Tellström, Henrik Scander, Bo Werner
AIM: The aim of this study was to examine the reported frequency of breakfast intake and selected food and beverages in the investigated group of Swedish children in comparison with recommended intakes. Furthermore, the study analyses these food habits and some demographic and lifestyle factors in relation to overweight and obesity. METHODS: This cross-sectional study builds on data collected in 2008 and 2010. Measured anthropometric data and parent questionnaire data were collected...
August 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158183/serine-prevented-high-fat-diet-induced-oxidative-stress-by-activating-ampk-and-epigenetically-modulating-the-expression-of-glutathione-synthesis-related-genes
#4
Xihong Zhou, Liuqin He, Shengnan Zuo, Yumei Zhang, Dan Wan, Ciming Long, Pan Huang, Canrong Wu, Xin Wu, Gang Liu, Yulong Yin
Serine deficiency has been observed in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Whether serine supplementation has any beneficial effects on the prevention of NAFLD remains unknown. The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of serine supplementation on hepatic oxidative stress and steatosis and its related mechanisms. Forty male C57BL/6J mice (9week-old) were randomly assigned into four groups (n=10) and fed: i) a low-fat diet; ii) a low-fat diet supplemented with 1% (wt:vol) serine; iii) a high-fat (HF) diet; and iv) a HF diet supplemented with 1% serine, respectively...
November 17, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157255/effects-of-antarctic-krill-oil-on-lipid-and-glucose-metabolism-in-c57bl-6j-mice-fed-with-high-fat-diet
#5
Dewei Sun, Liang Zhang, Hongjian Chen, Rong Feng, Peirang Cao, Yuanfa Liu
BACKGROUND: Obesity and other metabolic diseases have become epidemic which greatly affect human health. Diets with healthy nutrition are efficient means to prevent this epidemic occurrence. Novel food resources and process technology were needed for these purpose. In this study, Antarctic krill oil (KO) extracted from a dry krill by a procedure of hot pump dehydration in combined with freezing-drying was used to investigate health effect in animals including the growth, lipid and glucose metabolism...
November 21, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154836/a-new-promising-simultaneous-approach-for-attenuating-type-ii-diabetes-mellitus-induced-neuropathic-pain-in-rats-inos-inhibition-and-neuroregeneration
#6
Abhilasha Ahlawat, Saurabh Sharma
In view of the pathologic basis for the treatment of diabetic neuropathy, it is important to enhance nerve regeneration as well as prevent nerve degeneration. So, in the present study, we have investigated the effect of S-Methylisothiourea Sulfate (selective iNOS inhibitor) and Citicoline, alone and in combination, on Type II Diabetes Mellitus induced neuropathic pain in wistar rats. Type II diabetes was induced by providing high fat diet and low dose of Streptozotocin for 35 days in rats. Type II Diabetes Mellitus was assessed in terms of increased glucose, triglycerides, cholesterol, LDL levels, glucose tolerance and decrease in HDL levels...
November 14, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154786/sex-differences-in-high-fat-diet-induced-impairments-to-striatal-akt-signaling-and-enhanced-sensitivity-to-the-behavioral-effects-of-dopamine-d2-d3-receptor-agonist-quinpirole
#7
Jeremiah Ramos, Caroline Hernandez-Casner, Bryan Cruz, Katherine M Serafine
Eating a high fat laboratory chow enhances sensitivity of rats to the behavioral effects of drugs that act on dopamine systems (e.g., cocaine). Further, in male rats, eating high fat chow impairs expression of insulin signaling phosphorylated protein kinase B (pAkt), which is vital for maintaining dopamine homeostasis. Eating high fat chow enhances sensitivity of female rats to drugs that act indirectly on dopamine receptors (e.g., cocaine); however, less is known about sensitivity of females to drugs that act directly on dopamine receptors (e...
November 14, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152255/effects-of-monobutyrin-and-tributyrin-on-liver-lipid-profile-caecal-microbiota-composition-and-scfa-in-high-fat-diet-fed-rats
#8
Thao Duy Nguyen, Olena Prykhodko, Frida Fåk Hållenius, Margareta Nyman
Butyric acid has been shown to have suppressive effects on inflammation and diseases related to the intestinal tract. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether supplementation of two glycerol esters, monobutyrin (MB) and tributyrin (TB), would reach the hindgut of rats, thus having an effect on the caecal profile of SCFA, microbiota composition and some risk markers associated with chronic inflammation. For this purpose, rats were fed high-fat diets after adding MB (1 and 5 g/kg) and TB (5 g/kg) to a diet without any supplementation (high-fat control; HFC)...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152245/metabolic-syndrome-and-inflammation-in-adipose-tissue-occur-at-different-times-in-animals-submitted-to-a-high-sugar-fat-diet
#9
Fabiane Valentini Francisqueti, André Ferreira Nascimento, Igor Otávio Minatel, Marcos Correa Dias, Renata de Azevedo Melo Luvizotto, Carolina Berchieri-Ronchi, Ana Lúcia A Ferreira, Camila Renata Corrêa
Obesity is associated with low-grade inflammation, triggered in adipose tissue, which may occur due to an excess of SFA from the diet that can be recognised by Toll-like receptor-4. This condition is involved in the development of components of the metabolic syndrome associated with obesity, especially insulin resistance. The aim of the study was to evaluate the manifestation of the metabolic syndrome and adipose tissue inflammation as a function of the period of time in which rats were submitted to a high-sugar/fat diet (HSF)...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152236/low-levels-of-very-long-chain-n-3-pufa-in-atlantic-salmon-salmo-salar-diet-reduce-fish-robustness-under-challenging-conditions-in-sea-cages
#10
Marta Bou, Gerd M Berge, Grete Baeverfjord, Trygve Sigholt, Tone-Kari Østbye, Bente Ruyter
The present study aimed to determine the minimum requirements of the essential n-3 fatty acids EPA and DHA in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) that can secure their health under challenging conditions in sea cages. Individually tagged Atlantic salmon were fed 2, 10 and 17 g/kg of EPA + DHA from 400 g until slaughter size (about 3·5 kg). The experimental fish reared in sea cages were subjected to the challenging conditions typically experienced under commercial production. Salmon receiving the lowest EPA + DHA levels showed lower growth rates in the earlier life stages, but no significant difference in final weights at slaughter...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152146/breast-tissue-oral-and-urinary-microbiomes-in-breast-cancer
#11
Hannah Wang, Jessica Altemus, Farshad Niazi, Holly Green, Benjamin C Calhoun, Charles Sturgis, Stephen R Grobmyer, Charis Eng
It has long been proposed that the gut microbiome contributes to breast carcinogenesis by modifying systemic estrogen levels. This is often cited as a possible mechanism linking breast cancer and high-fat, low-fiber diets as well as antibiotic exposure, associations previously identified in population-based studies. More recently, a distinct microbiome has been identified within breast milk and tissue, but few studies have characterized differences in the breast tissue microbiota of patients with and without cancer, and none have investigated distant body-site microbiomes outside of the gut...
October 20, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151813/dietary-energy-density-applying-behavioural-science-to-weight-management
#12
B J Rolls
Studies conducted by behavioural scientists show that energy density (kcal/g) provides effective guidance for healthy food choices to control intake and promote satiety. Energy density depends upon a number of dietary components, especially water (0 kcal/g) and fat (9 kcal/g). Increasing the proportion of water or water-rich ingredients, such as vegetables or fruit, lowers a food's energy density. A number of studies show that when the energy density of the diet is reduced, both adults and children spontaneously decrease their ad libitum energy intake...
September 2017: Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151595/high-fat-diet-consumption-differentially-affects-adipose-tissue-inflammation-and-adipocyte-size-in-obesity-prone-and-obesity-resistant-rats
#13
J M Poret, F Souza-Smith, S J Marcell, D A Gaudet, T H Tzeng, H D Braymer, L M Harrison-Bernard, S D Primeaux
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Expanding visceral adiposity is associated with increased inflammation and increased risk for developing obesity-related comorbidities. The goal of this study was to examine high fat diet (HFD)-induced differences in adipocyte size and cytokine/chemokine expression in visceral and subcutaneous adipose depots in obesity-prone (OP) and obesity-resistant (OR) rats. METHODS: OP and OR rats were fed either a low fat diet (LFD, 10% kilocalories from fat) or HFD (60% kilocalories from fat) for 7 weeks...
November 20, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150932/high-fat-diet-induced-oxidative-stress-blocks-hepatocyte-nuclear-factor-4%C3%AE-and-leads-to-hepatic-steatosis-in-mice
#14
Dongsheng Yu, Gang Chen, Minglin Pan, Jia Zhang, Wenping He, Yang Liu, Xue Nian, Liang Sheng, Bin Xu
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common form of chronic liver disease with manifestation of over-accumulation of fat in liver. Increasing evidences indicate that NAFLD may be in part caused by malfunction of very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) secretion. Hepatocyte nuclear factor 4α (HNF4α), a nuclear receptor protein, plays an important role in sustain hepatic lipid homeostasis via transcriptional regulation of genes involved in secretion of VLDL, such as apolipoprotein B (ApoB). However, the exact functional change of HNF4α in NAFLD remains to be elucidated...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150284/the-displacing-foods-of-modern-commerce-are-the-primary-and-proximate-cause-of-age-related-macular-degeneration-a-unifying-singular-hypothesis
#15
Chris A Knobbe, Marija Stojanoska
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of irreversible vision loss and blindness in developed nations. AMD is anticipated to affect 196 million people worldwide, by 2020. However, the etiology of this disease remains unknown. Aging, genetic, and environmental influences have generally been implicated as major etiologic factors. We sought to examine the hypothesis that consumption of the 'displacing foods of modern commerce,' which equate to processed, nutrient-deficient and potentially toxic foods, may be the primary and proximate cause of AMD...
November 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150275/ketogenic-diet-and-anorexia-nervosa
#16
Barbara Scolnick
This hypothesis suggest that starvation-induced ketosis, which leads to a fundamental biochemical change in the metabolic fuel supply of the brain, is uniquely anxiolytic and rewarding to patients prone to AN. Ketosis can easily be replicated by a unique diet marked by high fat, moderate protein, and very low carbohydrate. This diet, known as a ketogenic diet (KGD) mimics starvation, thus allowing the patient to experience the anxiolytic state of ketosis, and yet avoid the morbidity of starvation.
November 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149184/health-effects-of-saturated-and-trans-fatty-acid-intake-in-children-and-adolescents-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Lisa Te Morenga, Jason M Montez
BACKGROUND: Elevated cholesterol has been linked to cardiovascular disease in adults and preclinical markers of atherosclerosis in children, thus reducing saturated (SFA) and trans-fatty acids (TFA) intake from an early age may help to reduce cholesterol and the risk of cardiovascular disease later in life. The aim of this review is to examine the evidence for health effects associated with reducing SFA and TFA intake in free-living children, adolescents and young adults between 2 to 19 years of age...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149029/kappaphycus-alvarezii-as-a-food-supplement-prevents-diet-induced-metabolic-syndrome-in-rats
#18
Stephen Wanyonyi, Ryan du Preez, Lindsay Brown, Nicholas A Paul, Sunil K Panchal
The red seaweed, Kappaphycus alvarezii, was evaluated for its potential to prevent signs of metabolic syndrome through use as a whole food supplement. Major biochemical components of dried Kappaphycus are carrageenan (soluble fiber ~34.6%) and salt (predominantly potassium (K) 20%) with a low overall energy content for whole seaweed. Eight to nine week old male Wistar rats were randomly divided into three groups and fed for 8 weeks on a corn starch diet, a high-carbohydrate, high-fat (H) diet, alone or supplemented with a 5% (w/w) dried and milled Kappaphycus blended into the base diet...
November 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148175/treatment-efficacy-of-a-probiotic-preparation-for-non-alcoholic-steatohepatitis-a-pilot-trial
#19
Elina Manzhalii, Oleksandr Virchenko, Tetyana Falalyeyeva, Tetyana Beregova, Wolfgang Stremmel
AIM: To evaluate the therapeutic effect of a probiotic cocktail containing lactobacilli, bifidobacteria, and Streptococcus thermophilus on non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). METHODS: In this open-label trial, 75 patients with NASH fed a low-fat/low-calorie diet were randomly divided into the control group (n = 37) and the experimental group (n = 38) also receiving the probiotic cocktail once daily for 12 weeks. RESULTS: All patients were diagnosed with fatty liver by ultrasound examination and had elevated levels of gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and slightly increased body mass index (BMI) and cholesterol levels...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147490/hypolipidemic-effects-of-total-flavonoide-extracted-from-the-leaves-of-actinidiakolomikta-in-rats-fed-a-high-fat-diet
#20
Zhenxiang Yu, Huali Xu, Xiaofeng Yu, Dayun Sui, Guangzhu Lin
Objectives: This study was to investigate the antihyperlipidemic and antioxidant effect of total flavonoid extract from Actinidiakolomikta (TFAK) in hyperlipidemia induced by a high-fat diet. Materials and Methods: Male SD rats were randomly divided into 6 groups: normal group, model (hyperlipidemic diet) group, hyperlipedemic diet supplemented with TFAK (50, 100 and 200 mg/kg) and simvastatin (30 mg/kg) groups. The rats were administrated TFAK by oral for 28 days...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
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