keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Low fat

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433925/low-dose-pollutant-mixture-triggers-metabolic-disturbances-in-female-mice-leading-to-common-and-specific-features-as-compared-to-a-high-fat-diet
#1
Emmanuel Labaronne, Claudie Pinteur, Nathalie Vega, Sandra Pesenti, Benoit Julien, Emmanuelle Meugnier-Fouilloux, Hubert Vidal, Danielle Naville, Brigitte Le Magueresse-Battistoni
Environmental pollutants are potential etiologic factors of obesity and diabetes that reach epidemic proportions worldwide. However, it is important to determine if pollutants could exert metabolic defects without directly inducing obesity. The metabolic disturbances triggered in nonobese mice lifelong exposed to a mixture of low-dose pollutants (2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxine, polychlorinated biphenyl 153, diethylhexyl-phthalate, and bisphenol A) were compared with changes provoked by a high-fat high-sucrose (HFHS) diet not containing the pollutant mixture...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432504/3t-mri-of-the-knee-with-optimised-isotropic-3d-sequences-accurate-delineation-of-intra-articular-pathology-without-prolonged-acquisition-times
#2
Osamah M Abdulaal, Louise Rainford, Peter MacMahon, Eoin Kavanagh, Marie Galligan, James Cashman, Allison McGee
OBJECTIVES: To investigate optimised isotropic 3D turbo spin echo (TSE) and gradient echo (GRE)-based pulse sequences for visualisation of articular cartilage lesions within the knee joint. METHODS: Optimisation of experimental imaging sequences was completed using healthy volunteers (n=16) with a 3-Tesla (3T) MRI scanner. Imaging of patients with knee cartilage abnormalities (n=57) was then performed. Acquired sequences included 3D proton density-weighted (PDW) TSE (SPACE) with and without fat-suppression (FS), and T2*W GRE (TrueFISP) sequences, with acquisition times of 6:51, 6:32 and 5:35 min, respectively...
April 21, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432078/effect-of-4-5-6-7-8-tetrahydro-5-5-8-8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl-carbamoyl-benzoic-acid-am80-on-alveolar-regeneration-in-adiponectin-deficient-mice-showing-a-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-like-pathophysiology
#3
Hitomi Sakai, Michiko Horiguchi, Tomomi Akita, Chihiro Ozawa, Mai Hirokawa, Yuki Oiso, Harumi Kumagai, Yoshito Takeda, Isao Tachibana, Norikazu Maeda, Chikamasa Yamashita
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an intractable pulmonary disease that causes widespread and irreversible alveolar collapse. Although COPD occurs worldwide, only symptomatic therapy is currently available. The objective of the present study was the development of therapeutic agents to eradicate COPD. Therefore, we focused on 4-[(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl) carbamoyl] benzoic acid (Am80), which is a derivative of all-trans retinoic acid. We evaluated the effects of Am80 on alveolar repair in a novel COPD model of adiponectin-deficient mice...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431533/effect-of-a-16-week-bikram-yoga-program-on-heart-rate-variability-and-associated-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-in-stressed-and-sedentary-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Zoe L Hewett, Kate L Pumpa, Caroline A Smith, Paul P Fahey, Birinder S Cheema
BACKGROUND: Chronic activation of the stress-response can contribute to cardiovascular disease risk, particularly in sedentary individuals. This study investigated the effect of a Bikram yoga intervention on the high frequency power component of heart rate variability (HRV) and associated cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors (i.e. additional domains of HRV, hemodynamic, hematologic, anthropometric and body composition outcome measures) in stressed and sedentary adults. METHODS: Eligible adults were randomized to an experimental group (n = 29) or a no treatment control group (n = 34)...
April 21, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431261/dietary-patterns-and-depression-risk-a-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Ye Li, Mei-Rong Lv, Yan-Jin Wei, Ling Sun, Ji-Xiang Zhang, Huai-Guo Zhang, Bin Li
Although some studies have reported potential associations of dietary patterns with depression risk, a consistent perspective hasn't been estimated to date. Therefore, we conducted this meta-analysis to evaluate the relation between dietary patterns and the risk of depression. A literature research was conducted searching MEDLINE and EMBASE databases up to September 2016. In total, 21 studies from ten countries met the inclusion criteria and were included in the present meta-analysis. A dietary pattern characterized by a high intakes of fruit, vegetables, whole grain, fish, olive oil, low-fat dairy and antioxidants and low intakes of animal foods was apparently associated with a decreased risk of depression...
April 11, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429924/dietary-choice-and-health-behaviors-in-eastern-chinese-women-a-descriptive-population-based-survey-and-review-of-public-health-data
#6
Feng Wang, Fei Wang, Lixiang Yu, Zhigang Yu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Urbanization in China has increased the prevalence of high-fat and low-fiber diets, and of adverse health behaviors associated with an increased risk of diet-related, non-communicable diseases (DR-NCDs) in eastern Chinese women. This study aimed to characterize the dietary intake and health behaviors in eastern Chinese women. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective data of 122,058 women aged 25 to 70 who completed a multi-staged, stratified, cluster sampling epidemiological survey in eastern China in 2008, including self-report of diet and lifestyle information (sleep, physical activity, work, etc...
May 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429921/relationship-between-dietary-patterns-and-brachial-ankle-pulse-wave-velocity-among-middle-aged-adults-in-japan
#7
Shota Moyama, Kazuhiro Minami, Mihiro Yano, Masumi Okumura, Susumu Hayashi, Hiroshi Takayama, Akira Yorimoto
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Arterial stiffness is a leading cause of cardiovascular disease (CVD), and it is considered to be affected by dietary intake. However, few studies have examined the relationship between major dietary patterns and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) among Japanese middle-aged subjects. We studied whether major dietary patterns were associated with baPWV in this population. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Between 2009 and 2012, 70 Japanese middle-aged subjects (39 men and 31 women) with no history of stroke, coronary heart disease, or cancer were studied...
May 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429920/the-association-of-dietary-patterns-and-the-incidence-of-insulin-resistance-after-a-3-year-follow-up-tehran-lipid-and-glucose-study
#8
Tayebeh Doostvandi, Zahra Bahadoran, Hassan Mozaffari-Khosravi, Zhaleh Tahmasebinejad, Parvin Mirmiran, Fereidoun Azizi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between major dietary patterns and the risk of insulin resistance (IR) among an urban Iranian population. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: In this longitudinal study, 802 adult men and women were studied within the framework of Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study. Fasting serum insulin and glucose were measured at baseline and again after a 3-year of followup. The usual dietary intakes were assessed using a validated 168 item semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire and major dietary patterns were obtained using principal component analysis...
May 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429609/chemical-evaluation-of-the-rhynchophorus-ferrugineus-larvae-fed-on-different-substrates-as-human-food-source
#9
Annarita Cito, Santi Longo, Giuseppe Mazza, Elena Dreassi, Valeria Francardi
We investigated the chemical composition of the weevil Rhynchophorus ferrugineus larvae, traditionally used as human food in Asia and known worldwide as one of the most significant pest for palm trees. Total fat content and fatty acid composition were analyzed using standard methodologies in (1) weevil larvae reared on apple fruit slices and wild specimens collected from attacked (2) Phoenix canariensis and (3) Syagrus romanzoffiana palm trees. Total fat content was extremely high in all the specimens (ranged between 57...
January 1, 2017: Food Science and Technology International, Ciencia y Tecnología de Los Alimentos Internacional
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429343/post-prandial-effects-of-hazelnut-enriched-high-fat-meal-on-ldl-oxidative-status-oxidative-and-inflammatory-gene-expression-of-healthy-subjects-a-randomized-trial
#10
L Di Renzo, G Merra, R Botta, P Gualtieri, A Manzo, M A Perrone, M Mazza, S Cascapera, A De Lorenzo
OBJECTIVE: Postprandial oxidative stress is characterized by an increased susceptibility of the organism towards oxidative damage after consumption of a meal rich in lipids and/or carbohydrates. Micronutrients modulate the immune system and exert a protective action by reducing low-density lipoproteins oxidation (ox-LDL) via induction of antioxidant enzymes. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The clinical study was a randomized and cross-over trial, conducted through the CONSORT flowchart...
April 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429171/sleeve-gastrectomy-alters-intestinal-permeability-in-diet-induced-obese-mice
#11
Claire Blanchard, François Moreau, Julien Chevalier, Audrey Ayer, Damien Garcon, Lucie Arnaud, Jean-Paul Pais de Barros, Thomas Gautier, Michel Neunlist, Bertrand Cariou, Cédric Le May
BACKGROUND: Increased lipopolysaccharide (LPS) translocation due to altered intestinal permeability has been suggested as a mechanism for obesity-associated insulin resistance. The goal of this study was to assess the effect of sleeve gastrectomy (SG) on intestinal barrier permeability in diet-induced obese mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four weeks after surgery, the effects of SG on intestinal permeabilities were assessed ex vivo and in vivo in male C57Bl/6J mice fed a high-fat diet...
April 20, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429150/short-term-high-fat-diet-induces-obesity-enhancing-changes-in-mouse-gut-microbiota-that-are-partially-reversed-by-cessation-of-the-high-fat-diet
#12
Yue Shang, Ehsan Khafipour, Hooman Derakhshani, Lindsei K Sarna, Connie W Woo, Yaw L Siow, Karmin O
The gut microbiota is proposed as a "metabolic organ" involved in energy utilization and is associated with obesity. Dietary intervention is one of the approaches for obesity management. Changes in dietary components have significant impacts on host metabolism and gut microbiota. In the present study, we examined the influence of dietary fat intervention on the modification of gut mucosa-associated microbiota profile along with body weight and metabolic parameter changes. Male C57BL/6J mice (6-week old) were fed a low fat diet (10% kcal fat) as a control or a high fat diet (HFD 60% kcal fat) for 7 weeks...
April 20, 2017: Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428086/evaluation-of-garlic-oil-in-nano-emulsified-form-optimization-and-its-efficacy-in-high-fat-diet-induced-dyslipidemia-in-wistar-rats
#13
Ragavan Gokulakannan, Muralidaran Yuvashree, Sridharan Badrinathan, Nachiappa Ganesh Rajesh, Pragasam Viswanathan
Garlic oil nanoemulsion was formulated using ultrasonic emulsification and the optimized garlic oil nanoemulsion ratio (1:2) of oil: surfactant showed spherical, with tiny droplet size 24.9 ± 1.11 nm. It was observed that the prepared nanoemulsion has the zeta potential of -42.63 ± 1.58 mV and a low polydispersity index of 0.2 ± 0.09 with excellent stability. The formulation was subjected to in vivo acute and sub-acute toxicity. In acute toxicity study, single oral administration of 18.63 ml of garlic oil nanoemulsion/kg resulted in immediate mortality...
April 17, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428072/membrane-lipid-alterations-in-the-metabolic-syndrome-and-the-role-of-dietary-oils
#14
REVIEW
Javier S Perona
The metabolic syndrome is a cluster of pathological conditions, including hypertension, hyperglycemia, hypertriglyceridemia, obesity and low HDL levels that is of great concern worldwide, as individuals with metabolic syndrome have an increased risk of type-2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Insulin resistance, the key feature of the metabolic syndrome, might be at the same time cause and consequence of impaired lipid composition in plasma membranes of insulin-sensitive tissues like liver, muscle and adipose tissue...
April 18, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427985/ureter-injury-as-a-complication-of-oblique-lumbar-interbody-fusion-a-case-report
#15
Hyeong-Jin Lee, Jin-Sung Kim, Kyeong-Sik Ryu, Choon Keun Park
BACKGROUND: Oblique lumbar interbody fusion is a commonly used surgical method of achieving lumbar interbody fusion. There have been some reports about complications of oblique lumbar interbody fusion at the L2-3 level. But to our knowledge, there have been no reports about ureter injury during oblique lumbar interbody fusion. We report a case of ureter injury during oblique lumbar interbody fusion to share our experience. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 78-year-old male patient presented with a history of lower back pain and neurogenic intermittent claudication...
April 17, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427472/optimising-conservative-management-of-chronic-low-back-pain-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Katherine J Simson, Clint T Miller, Jon Ford, Andrew Hahne, Luana Main, Timo Rantalainen, Wei-Peng Teo, Megan Teychenne, David Connell, Guy Trudel, Guoyan Zheng, Gary Thickbroom, Daniel L Belavy
BACKGROUND: Lower back pain is a global health issue affecting approximately 80% of people at some stage in their life. The current literature suggests that any exercise is beneficial for reducing back pain. However, as pain is a subjective evaluation and physical deficits are evident in low back pain, using it as the sole outcome measure to evaluate superiority of an exercise protocol for low back pain treatment is insufficient. The overarching goal of the current clinical trial is to implement two common, conservative intervention approaches and examine their impact on deficits in chronic low back pain...
April 20, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426266/physicochemical-characteristics-of-the-seed-and-seed-oil-of-the-potentially-medicinal-plant-ziziphus-oenoplia
#17
Hosakatte Niranjana Murthy, Kadanthottu Sebastian Joseph, Abhishek Madiwal, Dinesh Rajen Gerald, Mahananda Badiger, Lakshmi Kolkar, Reshma Hiremath
The proximate composition of seeds, physicochemical characteristics, and fatty acid profiles of Ziziphus oenoplia seed oil were determined in this study. The seeds possessed low moisture (4.54%) and high carbohydrate (42.96%) and protein content (40%), making the seed oil suitable for storage and consumption. The saponification value (197.80) of the seed oil makes it a promising source for the soap and shampoo industry. The iodine and saponification values are comparable to those of major edible seed oils such as groundnut and soybean...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424480/ketogenic-diet-attenuates-hepatopathy-in-mouse-model-of-respiratory-chain-complex-iii-deficiency-caused-by-a-bcs1l-mutation
#18
Janne Purhonen, Jayasimman Rajendran, Matthias Mörgelin, Kristiina Uusi-Rauva, Shintaro Katayama, Kaarel Krjutskov, Elisabet Einarsdottir, Vidya Velagapudi, Juha Kere, Matti Jauhiainen, Vineta Fellman, Jukka Kallijärvi
Mitochondrial disorders are among the most prevalent inborn errors of metabolism but largely lack treatments and have poor outcomes. High-fat, low-carbohydrate ketogenic diets (KDs) have shown beneficial effects in mouse models of mitochondrial myopathies, with induction of mitochondrial biogenesis as the suggested main mechanism. We fed KD to mice with respiratory chain complex III (CIII) deficiency and progressive hepatopathy due to mutated BCS1L, a CIII assembly factor. The mutant mice became persistently ketotic and tolerated the KD for up to 11 weeks...
April 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424305/numerical-simulation-of-haemodynamics-and-low-density-lipoprotein-transport-in-the-rabbit-aorta-and-their-correlation-with-atherosclerotic-plaque-thickness
#19
Xiaoyin Li, Xiao Liu, Peng Zhang, Chenglong Feng, Anqiang Sun, Hongyan Kang, Xiaoyan Deng, Yubo Fan
Two mechanisms of shear stress and mass transport have been recognized to play an important role in the development of localized atherosclerosis. However, their relationship and roles in atherogenesis are still obscure. It is necessary to investigate quantitatively the correlation among low-density lipoproteins (LDL) transport, haemodynamic parameters and plaque thickness. We simulated blood flow and LDL transport in rabbit aorta using computational fluid dynamics and evaluated plaque thickness in the aorta of a high-fat-diet rabbit...
April 2017: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424192/sodium-sugar-and-fat-content-of-complementary-infant-and-toddler-foods-sold-in-the-united-states-2015
#20
Joyce Maalouf, Mary E Cogswell, Marlana Bates, Keming Yuan, Kelley S Scanlon, Pamela Pehrsson, Janelle P Gunn, Robert K Merritt
Background: As part of a healthy diet, limiting intakes of excess sodium, added sugars, saturated fat, and trans fat has been recommended. The American Heart Association recommends that children aged <2 y should avoid added sugars.Objective: We sought to determine commercial complementary infant-toddler food categories that were of potential concern because of the sodium, added sugar, saturated fat, or trans fat content.Design: Nutrition label information (e.g., serving size, sodium, saturated fat, trans fat) for 1032 infant and toddler foods was collected from manufacturers' websites and stores from May to July 2015 for 24 brands, which accounted for >95% of infant-toddler food sales...
April 19, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
keyword
keyword
33382
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"