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Arterial blood pressure therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330703/association-between-atrial-ventricular-and-vascular-morphofunctional-alterations-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#1
Alessandro Maloberti, Marta Riva, Marijana Tadic, Carlo Valena, Paolo Villa, Ilenia Boggioni, Maria Rosa Pozzi, Guido Grassi
INTRODUCTION: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) represents a risk of non-fatal and cardiovascular events. The aim of the present study was to evaluate simultaneously left and right atrial and ventricular function, as well as arterial stiffness, in RA patients. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 55 consecutive RA patients and 55 healthy age and gender-matched controls. Blood pressure and arterial stiffness were assessed in all participants, who also underwent a complete echocardiographic examination...
January 12, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325542/visceral-adipose-tissue-and-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-hiv-infected-patients-undergoing-cart-a-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Maria Teresa Beires, André Silva-Pinto, Ana Cristina Santos, António José Madureira, Jorge Pereira, Davide Carvalho, António Sarmento, Paula Freitas
BACKGROUND: Combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) in HIV-infected patients has been associated with lipodystrophy, metabolic abnormalities, and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Ultrasound measures of carotid artery intima-media thickness (cIMT) have been used as a valid measure of subclinical atherosclerosis and as a tool to predict the risk of cardiovascular events. Our aim was to evaluate the progression of cIMT in HIV-infected patients subjected to cART, with and without lipodystrophy, over a one-year period...
January 11, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319635/low-dose-epinephrine-boluses-for-acute-hypotension-in-the-picu
#3
Pamela D Reiter, Jennifer Roth, Beth Wathen, Jaime LaVelle, Leslie A Ridall
OBJECTIVES: To describe the use of low-dose bolus epinephrine in critically ill children during an acute hypotensive episode or prearrest condition. DESIGN: Institutional Review Board approved, single-center, retrospective medical chart review. SETTING: Large medical-surgical PICU within a freestanding, tertiary care children's hospital. PATIENTS: Patients admitted to the PICU between June 1, 2015, and June 1, 2016, who received low-dose (≤ 5 µg/kg) IV bolus epinephrine...
January 9, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316564/primary-prevention-of-stroke-in-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-a-scientific-update
#4
Stefana Catalina Bilha, Alexandru Burlacu, Dimitrie Siriopol, Luminita Voroneanu, Adrian Covic
BACKGROUND: Although chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an independent risk factor for stroke, official recommendations for the primary prevention of stroke in CKD are generally lacking. SUMMARY: We searched PubMed and ISI Web of Science for randomised controlled trials, observational studies, reviews, meta-analyses and guidelines referring to measures of stroke prevention or to the treatment of stroke-associated risk factors (cardiovascular disease in general and atrial fibrillation (AF), arterial hypertension or carotid artery disease in particular) among the CKD population...
January 9, 2018: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310327/prevalence-and-clinical-characteristics-of-pseudohypertension-in-elderly-patients-prepared-for-coronary-artery-angiography
#5
Xixi Dai, Haiya Wang, Ningyuan Fang
BACKGROUND: Pseudohypertension (PHT) can cause adverse effects in the elderly owing to administration of antihypertension therapy. The present study aimed to determine the prevalence of PHT in the elderly and associated risk factors to investigate a noninvasive method of detection of PHT. METHODS: We recruited 151 patients (age ≥60 years) who underwent coronary angiography. Demographic and clinical data were collected from the patients. During coronary angiography, intrabrachial arterial pressure and indirect blood pressure were measured...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309532/no-evidence-for-accelerated-ageing-related-brain-pathology-in-treated-hiv-longitudinal-neuroimaging-results-from-the-comorbidity-in-relation-to-aids-cobra-project
#6
James H Cole, Matthan W A Caan, Jonathan Underwood, Davide De Francesco, Rosan A van Zoest, Ferdinand W N M Wit, Henk J M M Mutsaerts, Rob Leech, Gert J Geurtsen, Peter Portegies, Charles B L M Majoie, Maarten F Schim van der Loeff, Caroline A Sabin, Peter Reiss, Alan Winston, David J Sharp
Background: Despite successful antiretroviral therapy people living with HIV (PLWH) experience higher rates of age-related morbidity, including abnormal brain structure, brain function and cognitive impairment. This has raised concerns that PLWH may experience accelerated ageing-related brain pathology. Methods: We performed a multi-centre longitudinal study of 134 virologically-suppressed PLWH (median age = 56.0 years) and 79 demographically-similar HIV-negative controls (median age = 57...
January 4, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307229/vascular-legacy-beyond-blood-pressure-control-benefits-of-perindopril-indapamide-combination-in-hypertensive-patients-with-diabetes
#7
Bernard I Lévy, Stefano Taddei
OBJECTIVES: Much of the chronic care of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and hypertension involves the prevention of diabetic complications. Renin-angiotensin system inhibitors are recommended as first-line therapies because of their nephroprotective properties. Their combination with metabolically neutral diuretics is recommended to reduce blood pressure, morbidity, and mortality. Our objective was to review the mechanisms by which the combination of the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, perindopril, and metabolically neutral thiazide-like diuretic, indapamide, targets the pathways involved in microvascular and macrovascular diabetic complications...
January 8, 2018: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305902/effects-of-oral-paricalcitol-therapy-on-arterial-stiffness-and-osteopontin-in-hypertensive-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-and-secondary-hyperparathyroidism
#8
Michalis Giakoumis, Costas Tsioufis, Kyriakos Dimitriadis, Makro Sonikian, Alexandros Kasiakogias, Eirini Andrikou, Theodoros Kalos, Dimitrios Konstantinidis, Konstantinos Filis, Dimitrios Petras, Dimitrios Tousoulis
BACKGROUND: Arterial stiffness is linked to the progression of atherosclerosis, while activation of vitamin D receptor exerts favorable cardiovascular effects in patients with renal insufficiency. In this study, we investigated the effects of oral treatment with paricalcitol, a potent vitamin D receptor activator on arterial stiffness and osteopontin, a marker of atherosclerosis, in hypertensive patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and secondary hyperparathyroidism. METHODS: We followed up 29 treated hypertensive patients (mean age 74...
January 3, 2018: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology: HJC, Hellēnikē Kardiologikē Epitheōrēsē
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302122/rvad-support-in-the-setting-of-submassive-pulmonary-embolism
#9
Antonio Salsano, Elena Sportelli, Guido Maria Olivieri, Nicola Di Lorenzo, Silvia Borile, Francesco Santini
Patients with submassive pulmonary embolism (PE), although normotensive, are characterized by right ventricular (RV) dysfunction and elevated levels of biomarkers of cardiac damage. The best treatment option in these cases is still a subject of debate and the use of thrombolysis in submassive PE remains controversial. A 57-year-old Caucasian male with unprovoked PE, normal blood pressure, and elevated troponin I values was referred to the cardiovascular department. In view of the presence of a right atrium thrombus, the patient underwent surgical embolectomy under extracorporeal circulation, with the extraction of a huge thrombus together with fragmented thrombi from both pulmonary arteries...
December 2017: Journal of Extra-corporeal Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298239/resuscitative-endovascular-balloon-occlusion-of-the-aorta-for-pelvic-blunt-trauma-and-life-threatening-hemorrhage-a-20-year-experience-in-a-level-i-trauma-center
#10
Audrey Pieper, Frédéric Thony, Julien Brun, Mathieu Rodière, Bastien Boussat, Catherine Arvieux, Jérôme Tonetti, Jean-François Payen, Pierre Bouzat
BACKGROUND: Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) is increasingly used as a non-invasive clamp of the aorta after diverse post-traumatic injuries. Balloon inflation in zone 3 (from the lower renal artery to the aortic bifurcation) can be performed to stop on-going bleeding after severe pelvic trauma with life-threatening hemorrhage. The aim of our study was to describe our 20-year experience with REBOA in terms of efficacy and safety in patients with a suspicion of severe pelvic trauma and extreme hemorrhagic shock...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298189/delay-within-the-3-hour-surviving-sepsis-campaign-guideline-on-mortality-for-patients-with-severe-sepsis-and-septic-shock
#11
Lisiane Pruinelli, Bonnie L Westra, Pranjul Yadav, Alexander Hoff, Michael Steinbach, Vipin Kumar, Connie W Delaney, Gyorgy Simon
OBJECTIVES: To specify when delays of specific 3-hour bundle Surviving Sepsis Campaign guideline recommendations applied to severe sepsis or septic shock become harmful and impact mortality. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: One health system composed of six hospitals and 45 clinics in a Midwest state from January 01, 2011, to July 31, 2015. PATIENTS: All adult patients hospitalized with billing diagnosis of severe sepsis or septic shock...
January 2, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297736/increased-receptor-activity-modifying-protein-1-in-the-nervous-system-is-sufficient-to-protect-against-autonomic-dysregulation-and-hypertension
#12
Rasna Sabharwal, Bianca N Mason, Adisa Kuburas, Francois M Abboud, Andrew F Russo, Mark W Chapleau
Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) can cause migraines, yet it is also a potent vasodilator that protects against hypertension. Given the emerging role of CGRP-targeted antibodies for migraine prevention, an important question is whether the protective actions of CGRP are mediated by vascular or neural CGRP receptors. To address this, we have characterized the cardiovascular phenotype of transgenic nestin/hRAMP1 mice that have selective elevation of a CGRP receptor subunit in the nervous system, human receptor activity-modifying protein 1 (hRAMP1)...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289980/magnetic-resonance-elastography-can-monitor-changes-in-medullary-stiffness-in-response-to-treatment-in-the-swine-ischemic-kidney
#13
Xin Zhang, Xiangyang Zhu, Christopher Martyn Ferguson, Kai Jiang, Tyson Burningham, Amir Lerman, Lilach Orly Lerman
OBJECTIVE: Low-energy shockwave (SW) therapy attenuates damage in the stenotic kidney (STK) caused by atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis (ARAS). We hypothesized that magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) would detect attenuation of fibrosis following SW in unilateral ARAS kidneys. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Domestic pigs were randomized to control, unilateral ARAS, and ARAS treated with 6 sessions of SW over 3 consecutive weeks (n = 7 each) starting after 3 weeks of ARAS or sham...
December 30, 2017: Magma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286944/update-of-a-systematic-review-of-autoresuscitation-after-cardiac-arrest
#14
Laura Hornby, Sonny Dhanani, Sam D Shemie
OBJECTIVES: There has been a growth in publications focusing on the phenomena of autoresuscitation in recent years. In 2010, we systematically reviewed the medical literature with the primary objective of summarizing the evidence on the timing of autoresuscitation. Healthcare professionals have continued to voice concerns regarding the potential for autoresuscitation. With this in mind, the objective of this brief report is to update the results of our original review of autoresuscitation...
December 26, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285068/radix-cyathula-officinalis-kuan-inhibits-arterial-remodeling-in-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats
#15
Jiajing Zhao, Yaohan Yue, Yun Xie, Liwen Liu, Fei Cao, Shurong Gao, Yingjue Wang
There is still no resolution for arterial remodeling related with hypertension, though hypertension treatment has access to a number of pharmacological agents. The present study aimed at investigating the prevention of Cyathula officinalis Kuan's roots (C. officinalis Kuan) against in arterial remodeling in vitro. Spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) were intragastrically administered 3, 6 or 12 g/kg C. officinalis Kuan or normal saline or enalapril (2.5 mg/kg) once a day for 8 weeks. Hematoxylin and eosin were used to measure blood pressure and stain carotid and arota...
December 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280700/open-and-endovascular-treatment-by-covered-and-multilayer-stents-in-the-therapy-of-renal-artery-aneurysms-mid-and-long-term-outcomes-in-a-single-center-experience
#16
L Irace, J Ben Hamida, O Martinelli, R Stumpo, F G Irace, S Venosi, R Gattuso, P B Berloco, B Gossetti
AIM: The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the mid and long terms outcomes of open and endovascular surgical treatment, as well as multilayer stent, in patients affected by Renal Artery Aneurysm (RAA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty five patients with RAA (24 monolateral and 1 bilateral aneurysm, 26 aneurysms) were observed between 2000 and 2015: 4 were not treated due to the small size of the aneurysm (< 2.5 cm); out of the remaining, 16 underwent endovascular treatment, 2 were treated by open surgery consisting in aneurysmectomy and graft reconstruction and 5 (in 1 patient bilateral) were treated by ex vivo repair and autotransplantation...
September 2017: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274808/usefulness-of-individual-shear-rate-therapy-new-treatment-option-for-patients-with-symptomatic-coronary-artery-disease
#17
Frauke Picard, Petroula Panagiotidou, Ana Wolf-Pütz, Ivo Buschmann, Eva Buschmann, Maximilian Steffen, Rolf Michael Klein
The aim of this study was to elucidate if patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), who fail to respond to revascularization procedures, can improve from individual shear rate therapy (ISRT). The ISRT is an adaptation of the external counterpulsation with lower individual treatment pressures based on Doppler-ultrasound measurements during counterpulsation. In contrast to the external counterpulsation therapy, the ISRT is based on the detection of the individual intra-arterial shear rate. Here we report about the first clinical trial of 31 patients with CAD who were enrolled for 30 sessions of ISRT...
November 24, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261592/whole-blood-and-hextend-bookends-of-modern-tactical-combat-casualty-care-field-resuscitation-and-starting-point-for-multi-functional-resuscitation-fluid-development
#18
Forest R Sheppard, Thomas A Mitchell, Antoni R Macko, Darren M Fryer, Leasha J Schaub, Kassandra M Ozuna, Jacob J Glaser
BACKGROUND: Hemorrhage is the leading cause of preventable death in traumatically injured civilian and military populations. Pre-hospital resuscitation largely relies on crystalloid and colloid intra-vascular expansion, as whole blood and component blood therapy are logistically arduous. In this experiment, we evaluated the bookends of Tactical Combat Casualty Care Guidelines recommendations of pre-hospital resuscitation with Hextend and whole blood in a controlled hemorrhagic shock model within non-human primates, as means of a multi-functional resuscitative fluid development...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260272/pooled-analysis-of-higher-versus-lower-blood-pressure-targets-for-vasopressor-therapy-septic-and-vasodilatory-shock
#19
REVIEW
François Lamontagne, Andrew G Day, Maureen O Meade, Deborah J Cook, Gordon H Guyatt, Mathieu Hylands, Peter Radermacher, Jean-Marie Chrétien, Nicolas Beaudoin, Paul Hébert, Frédérick D'Aragon, Ferhat Meziani, Pierre Asfar
PURPOSE: Guidelines for shock recommend mean arterial pressure (MAP) targets for vasopressor therapy of at least 65 mmHg and, until recently, suggested that patients with underlying chronic hypertension and atherosclerosis may benefit from higher targets. We conducted an individual patient-data meta-analysis of recent trials to determine if patient variables modify the effect of different MAP targets. METHODS: We searched the MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials for randomized controlled trials of higher versus lower blood pressure targets for vasopressor therapy in adult patients in shock (until November 2017)...
December 19, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251761/single-pill-combinations-spcs-and-treatment-of-arterial-hypertension-in-poland-expert-consensus-statement-of-the-polish-society-of-hypertension-and-polish-cardiac-society-working-group-on-cardiovascular-pharmacotherapy
#20
Andrzej Tykarski, Krystyna Widecka, Krzysztof Narkiewicz, Beata Wożakowska-Kapłon, Zbigniew Gaciong, Stefan Grajek, Tomasz Grodzicki, Andrzej Januszewicz, Jacek Wolf, Aleksander Prejbisz, Katarzyna Kostka-Jeziorny, Krzysztof J Filipiak
The reasons for the publication of current expert consensus statement after 4 years from the previous one are: the growing number of evidence on the benefits of the use of single-pill combinations (SPCs) in hypertension (also with concomitant dyslipidaemia), the extension of indications for their use in the hypertension management algorithm and the emergence in recent years after the publication of Polish Society of Hypertension experts' position statement in 2013 of new types of SPCs available to doctors in Poland, including triple-drug combinations of antihypertensives and the so-called "hybrids" SPCs containing not only antihypertensive drugs but also statins...
2017: Kardiologia Polska
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