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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109965/a-novel-acidic-ph-fluorescent-probe-based-on-a-benzothiazole-derivative
#1
Qiujuan Ma, Xian Li, Suxiang Feng, Beibei Liang, Tiqiang Zhou, Min Xu, Zhuoyi Ma
A novel acidic pH fluorescent probe 1 based on a benzothiazole derivative has been designed, synthesized and developed. The linear response range covers the acidic pH range from 3.44 to 6.46, which is valuable for pH researches in acidic environment. The evaluated pKa value of the probe 1 is 4.23. The fluorescence enhancement of the studied probe 1 with an increase in hydrogen ions concentration is based on the hindering of enhanced photo-induced electron transfer (PET) process. Moreover, the pH sensor possesses a highly selective response to H(+) in the presence of metal ions, anions and other bioactive small molecules which would be interfere with its fluorescent pH response...
January 12, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105391/one-dimensional-tio2-nanotube-photocatalysts-for-solar-water-splitting
#2
REVIEW
Mingzheng Ge, Qingsong Li, Chunyan Cao, Jianying Huang, Shuhui Li, Songnan Zhang, Zhong Chen, Keqin Zhang, Salem S Al-Deyab, Yuekun Lai
Hydrogen production from water splitting by photo/photoelectron-catalytic process is a promising route to solve both fossil fuel depletion and environmental pollution at the same time. Titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanotubes have attracted much interest due to their large specific surface area and highly ordered structure, which has led to promising potential applications in photocatalytic degradation, photoreduction of CO2, water splitting, supercapacitors, dye-sensitized solar cells, lithium-ion batteries and biomedical devices...
January 2017: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102827/a-low-cost-scalable-current-sensing-digital-headstage-for-high-channel-count-%C3%A2%C2%B5ecog
#3
Michael Trumpis, Michele Insanally, Jialin Zou, Ashraf ElSharif, Ali Ghomashchi, N Sertac Artan, Robert Froemke, Jonathan Viventi
OBJECTIVE: High channel count electrode arrays allow for the monitoring of large-scale neural activity at high spatial resolution. Implantable arrays featuring many recording sites require compact, high bandwidth front-end electronics. In the present study, we investigated the use of a small, light weight, and low cost digital current-sensing integrated circuit for acquiring cortical surface signals from a 61-channel micro-electrocorticographic (��ECoG) array. APPROACH: We recorded both acute and chronic ��ECoG signal from rat auditory cortex using our novel digital current-sensing headstage...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099030/ultrafast-broadband-photodetectors-based-on-three-dimensional-dirac-semimetal-cd3as2
#4
Qinsheng Wang, Cai-Zhen Li, Shaofeng Ge, Jin-Guang Li, Wei Lu, Jiawei Lai, Xuefeng Liu, Junchao Ma, Dapeng Yu, Zhi-Min Liao, Dong Sun
Photodetection with extreme performances in terms of ultrafast response time, broad detection wavelength range, and high sensitivity has wide range of optoelectronic and photonic applications, such as optical communications, interconnects, imaging and remote sensing. Graphene, a typical two-dimensional Dirac semimetal, has shown excellent potential toward high performance photodetector with high operation speed, broadband response and efficient carrier multiplications benefiting from its linear dispersion band structure with high carrier mobility and zero bandgap...
January 18, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098971/photodiode-response-in-a-ch3nh3pbi3-ch3nh3sni3-heterojunction
#5
Massimo Spina, Laszlo Mihaly, Karoly Holczer, Bálint Náfrádi, Andrea Pisoni, László Forró, Endre Horváth
Here we report another surprising feature of this material family, the photo-tunability of the diode response of a heterojunction made of CH3NH3PbI3 and its close relative, CH3NH3SnI3. In the dark state the device behaves as a diode, with the Sn homologue acting as the "p" side. The junction is extremely sensitive to illumination. A complete reversal of the diode polarity, the first observation of its kind, is seen when the junction is exposed to red laser light of 25 mW/cm(2) or larger power density. This finding opens up the possibility for a novel class of opto-electronic devices...
January 18, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098970/strong-enhancement-of-photoelectric-conversion-efficiency-of-co-hybridized-polymer-solar-cell-by-silver-nanoplates-and-core-shell-nanoparticles
#6
Wenfei Shen, Jianguo Tang, Yao Wang, Jixian Liu, Linjun Huang, Weichao Chen, Lanlan Yang, Wei Wang, Yanxin Wang, Renqiang Yang, Jungheum Yun, Laurence A Belfiore
A new way was meticulously designed to utilize the localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) effect and the light scattering effect of silver nanoplate (Ag-nPl) and core-shell Ag@SiO2 nanoparticles (Ag@SiO2-NPs) to enhance the photovoltaic performances of polymer solar cells (PSCs). To prevent direct contact between silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) and photo-active materials which will cause electrons quenching, bare Ag-nPl were spin-coated on indium tin oxide and silica capsulated Ag-NPs were incorporated to PBDTTT-C-T:PC71BM active layer...
January 18, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094995/photoluminescence-probing-of-complex-h2o-adsorption-on-ingan-gan-nanowires
#7
Konrad Maier, Andreas Helwig, Gerhard Muller, Pascal Hille, Jörg Teubert, Martin Eickhoff
We demonstrate that the complex adsorption behavior of H2O on InGaN/GaN nanowire arrays is directly revealed by their ambient-dependent photoluminescence properties. Under low-humidity, ambient-temperature, and low-excitation-light conditions, H2O adsorbates cause a quenching of the photoluminescence. In contrast, for high humidity levels, elevated temperature, and high excitation intensity, H2O adsorbates act as efficient photoluminescence enhancers. We show that this behavior, which can only be detected due to the low operation temperature of the InGaN/GaN nanowires, can be explained on the basis of single H2O adsorbates forming surface recombination centers and multiple H2O adsorbates forming surface passivation layers...
January 17, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094507/conjugated-polyelectrolyte-based-sensitive-detection-and-removal-of-antibiotics-tetracycline-from-water
#8
Akhtar Hussain Malik, Parameswar Krishnan Iyer
A new conjugated polyelectrolyte poly[5,5'-(((2-phenyl-9H-fluorene-9,9-diyl)bis(hexane-6,1-diyl))bis(oxy))diisophthalate] sodium (PFPT) was synthesized via Palladium catalysed Suzuki cross coupling polymerization method and successfully applied for the rapid, real time and highly sensitive detection of antibiotics tetracycline (Tc) in 100% aqueous media via photo-induced electron transfer with detection limit in ppb level. Remarkably, PFPT could also be applied for the trace analysis of Tc in serum samples having recoveries well in the range 92-97% with relative standard deviations (RSD) of 1...
January 17, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088777/causes-and-characteristics-of-medical-student-referrals-to-a-professional-behaviour-board
#9
Pieter C Barnhoorn, Jan H Bolk, Marleen W Ottenhoff-de Jonge, Walther N K A van Mook, Arnout Jan de Beaufort
Objectives: To describe the nature of unprofessional behaviour displayed by medical students, as well as the characteristics of students referred to the professional behaviour board. Methods: A descriptive mixed methods approach was taken, in which qualitative data on unprofessional behaviour, as well as quantitative data on the demographics of referred students were collected during the study period between June 1, 2009 and January 1, 2014. In order to compare the referred students with the total student population, data on gender, nationality and phase in the curriculum of the total student population, collected from the student administration desk, were also used...
January 15, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080031/a-new-approach-to-sensitize-antitumor-monofunctional-platinum-ii-complexes-via-short-time-photo-irradiation
#10
Xuling Xue, Chengcheng Zhu, Huachao Chen, Yang Bai, Xiangchao Shi, Yang Jiao, Zhongyan Chen, Yupeng Miao, Weijiang He, Zijian Guo
Sensitizing the antitumor activity of monofunctional Pt(II) complexes is a reliable approach to developing antitumor agents different from the classic Pt-based drugs. Considering the poor intracellular accumulation of monofunctional Pt(II) complexes, in this study, the photosensitizing monofunctional Pt(II) complex Pt-BA was derived from a weak BODIPY (boron-dipyrromethene)-derived photosensitizer BA, with the purpose to improve its antitumor cytotoxicity via enhancing its intracellular accumulation with a short time photo-irradiation...
December 6, 2016: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078631/investigation-of-solvent-effects-on-photophysical-properties-of-new-aminophthalimide-derivatives-based-on-methanesulfonate
#11
Ayse Tan, Ebru Bozkurt, Yunus Kara
Novel aminophthalimide derivatives were synthesized starting from (3aR,7aS)-2-(2-hydroxypropyl)-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (9) , and solvent effects on the photo-physical properties of these newly synthesized aminophthalimide derivatives (compounds 14 and 15) were investigated using UV-Vis absorption spectroscopy, steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence measurements. Both absorption and fluorescence spectra exhibited bathochromic shift with the increased polarity of the solvents for both molecules...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Fluorescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077713/reversible-disruption-of-neuronal-mitochondria-by-ischemic-and-traumatic-injury-revealed-by-quantitative-two-photon-imaging-in-the-neocortex-of-anesthetized-mice
#12
Mikhail Kislin, Jeremy Sword, Ioulia V Fomitcheva, Deborah Croom, Evgeny Pryazhnikov, Eero Lihavainen, Dmytro Toptunov, Heikki Rauvala, Andre S Ribeiro, Leonard Khiroug, Sergei A Kirov
: Mitochondria play a variety of functional roles in cortical neurons, from metabolic support and neuroprotection to the release of cytokines that trigger apoptosis. In dendrites, mitochondrial structure is closely linked to their function, and fragmentation (fission) of the normally elongated mitochondria indicates loss of their function under pathological conditions, such as stroke and brain trauma. Using in vivo two-photon microscopy in mouse brain, we quantified mitochondrial fragmentation in a full spectrum of cortical injuries, ranging from severe to mild...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070104/comparative-photodynamic-therapy-cytotoxicity-of-mannose-conjugated-chlorin-and-talaporfin-sodium-in-cultured-human-and-rat-cells
#13
Yo Shinoda, Tsutomu Takahashi, Jiro Akimoto, Megumi Ichikawa, Hiromi Yamazaki, Atsushi Narumi, Shigenobu Yano, Yasuyuki Fujiwara
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a Food and Drug Administration authorized method for cancer treatment, which uses photosensitizer and laser photo-irradiation to generate reactive oxygen species to induce cell death in tumors. Photosensitizers have been progressively developed, from first to third generation, with improvements in cell specificity, reduced side effects and toxicity, increased sensitivity for irradiation and reduced persistence of photosensitizer in healthy cells. These improvements have been achieved by basic comparative experiments between current and novel photosensitizers using cell lines; however, photosensitizers should be carefully evaluated because they may have cell type specificity...
2017: Journal of Toxicological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069421/optogenetic-control-of-cell-differentiation-in-channelrhodopsin-2-expressing-os3-a-bipotential-glial-progenitor-cell-line
#14
Kenji Ono, Hiromi Suzuki, Ryusei Yamamoto, Hideki Sahashi, Yuhei Takido, Makoto Sawada
Alterations in the intracellular ion environment have been identified as one of the signals playing a critical role in the control of cellular proliferation and differentiation; however, the mechanisms responsible for signal transduction remain unclear. Recent studies have reported that channelrhodopsin-2 (ChR2) is a rapidly gated blue light (BL)-sensitive cation channel suitable for the non-invasive control of ion influx. We herein examined the expression of differentiation-associated markers by photo-activation and its signal transduction in ChR2-expressing OS3 (OS3ChR2) cells, which are clonal bipotential glial progenitor cells...
January 6, 2017: Neurochemistry International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067486/photo-cross-linkable-polymer-dots-with-stable-sensitizer-loading-and-amplified-singlet-oxygen-generation-for-photodynamic-therapy
#15
Ying Tang, Haobin Chen, Kaiwen Chang, Zhihe Liu, Yu Wang, Songnan Qu, Hong Xu, Changfeng Wu
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a promising treatment modality for clinical cancer therapy. However, the therapeutic effect of PDT is strongly dependent on the property of photosensitizer. Here, we developed photo-cross-linkable semiconductor polymer dots doped with photosensitizer Chlorin e6 (Ce6) to construct a nanoparticle platform for photodynamic therapy. Photoreactive oxetane groups were attached to the side chains of the semiconductor polymer. After photo-cross-linking reaction, the Ce6-doped Pdots formed an interpenetrated structure to prevent Ce6 leaching out from the Pdot matrix...
January 18, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064131/a-bio-chemical-application-of-n-gqds-and-g-c3n4-qds-sensitized-tio2-nanopillars-for-the-quantitative-detection-of-pcdna3-hbv
#16
Xuehui Pang, Hongjun Bian, Weijie Wang, Cheng Liu, Malik Saddam Khan, Qiao Wang, Jianni Qi, Qin Wei, Bin Du
Herein, TiO2 nanopillars (NPs)/N-doped graphene quantum dots (N-GQDs)/g-C3N4 QDs heterojunction efficiently suppressed the photogenerated charges recombination and improved photo-to-current conversion efficiency. The introduced N-GQDs and g-C3N4 QDs could result in more effective separation of the photogenerated charges, and thus produce a further increase of the photocurrent. TiO2 NPs/N-GQDs/g-C3N4 QDs were firstly applied as the photoactive materials for the fabrication of the biosensors, and the primers of pcDNA3-HBV were then adsorbed on the TiO2 NPs/N-GQDs/g-C3N4 QDs modified electrode under the activation of EDC/NHS...
December 30, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064068/the-naphthoate-modifying-cu-2-detective-bodipy-sensors-with-the-fluorescent-on-off-performance-unaffected-by-molecular-configuration
#17
Yuting Chen, Luyang Zhao, Jianzhuang Jiang
Two new boron-dipyrromethenes decorated with 8-hydroxyquinoline-naphthoate moiety, namely 4,4-difluoro-8-(5-(8-hydroxyquinoline-naphthoate))-3,5-dimethyl-4-bora-3a,4a-diaza-s-indacene (8-HQ-N-DMe-Bodipy) (1) and 4,4-difluoro-8-(5-(8-hydroxyquinoline-naphthoate))-1,3,5,7-tetramethyl-4-bora-3a,4a-diaza-s-indacene (8-HQ-N-TMe-Bodipy) (2) have been synthesized. Single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis discloses the very much similar steric arrangement of 8-hydroxyquinoline-naphthoate moiety in these two compounds as revealed by the close torsion angle of C-C-O-C bridge, 174...
December 21, 2016: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063301/ru-dye-grafted-cds-and-reduced-graphene-oxide-ru-cds-rgo-composite-an-efficient-and-photo-tuneable-electrode-material-for-solid-state-dye-sensitized-polymer-solar-cells
#18
Erum Nosheen, Syed Mujtaba Shah, Zafar Iqbal
This article provides a facile one step synthesis of CdS (cadmium sulphide) and CdS/rGO (reduced graphene oxide CdS nanocomposites) using DMF (N, N-Dimethyl formamide) both as a solvent and a reducing agent for the reduction of grapheme oxide. XRD (X-ray diffraction), FESEM (Field emission scanning electron microscopy), EDX (Elemental dispersive X-ray analysis), TEM (Transmission electron microscopy), UV-Vis (UV-visible) and Raman spectroscopy have been employed for the characterization of prepared samples...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060269/a-rapid-and-chemical-free-hemoglobin-assay-with-photothermal-angular-light-scattering
#19
Uihan Kim, Jaewoo Song, Suho Ryu, Soocheol Kim, Chulmin Joo
Photo-thermal angular light scattering (PT-AS) is a novel optical method for measuring the hemoglobin concentration ([Hb]) of blood samples. On the basis of the intrinsic photothermal response of hemoglobin molecules, the sensor enables high-sensitivity, chemical-free measurement of [Hb]. [Hb] detection capability with a limit of 0.12 g/dl over the range of 0.35 - 17.9 g/dl has been demonstrated previously. The method can be readily implemented using inexpensive consumer electronic devices such as a laser pointer and a webcam...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059414/correlating-excited-state-and-charge-carrier-dynamics-with-photovoltaic-parameters-of-perylene-dye-sensitized-solar-cells-influences-of-an-alkylated-carbazole-ancillary-electron-donor
#20
Yang Li, Junting Wang, Yi Yuan, Min Zhang, Xiandui Dong, Peng Wang
Two perylene dyes characteristic of electron-donors phenanthrocarbazole (PC) and carbazyl functionalized PC are selected to study the complicated dynamics of excited states and charge carriers, which underlie the photovoltaic parameters of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs). We have combined femtosecond fluorescence up-conversion and time-resolved single-photon counting techniques to probe the wavelength-dependent photoluminescence dynamics of dye molecules not only dissolved in THF but also grafted on the surface of oxide nanoparticles...
January 18, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
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