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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933397/laparo-endoscopic-versus-open-recurrent-inguinal-hernia-repair-should-we-follow-the-guidelines
#1
F Köckerling, R Bittner, A Kuthe, B Stechemesser, R Lorenz, A Koch, W Reinpold, H Niebuhr, M Hukauf, C Schug-Pass
INTRODUCTION: On the basis of six meta-analyses, the guidelines of the European Hernia Society (EHS) recommend laparo-endoscopic recurrent repair following previous open inguinal hernia operation and, likewise, open repair following previous laparo-endoscopic operation. So far no data are available on implementation of the guidelines or for comparison of outcomes. Besides, there are no studies for comparison of outcomes for compliance versus non-compliance with the guidelines. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In total, 4812 patients with elective unilateral recurrent inguinal hernia repair in men were enrolled between September 1, 2009, and September 17, 2014, in the Herniamed Registry...
December 8, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931921/risk-factors-for-taenia-saginata-cysticercus-infection-in-cattle-in-the-united-kingdom-a-farm-level-case-control-study-and-assessment-of-the-role-of-movement-history-age-and-sex
#2
L R Marshall, B Chengat Prakashbabu, J Pinto Ferreira, S N Buzdugan, K D C Stärk, J Guitian
Bovine cysticercosis is caused by Taenia saginata cysticercus, the larval stage of the human tapeworm Taenia saginata. Recent European initiatives have highlighted the poor sensitivity of current surveillance for this parasite in cattle at slaughter; calling for more targeted, risk based and cost effective methods of T. saginata cysticercus detection. The aim of this study was to provide evidence that could inform such improved meat inspection activities in the United Kingdom (UK). The study included three components: (i) a farm-level case control study; (ii) the characterization of the network of movements of T...
December 1, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929490/rounded-leaf-end-modeling-in-pinnacle-vmat-treatment-planning-for-fixed-jaw-linacs
#3
Lori A Young, Fei Yang, Ning Cao, Juergen Meyer
During volume-modulated arc therapies (VMAT), dosimetric errors are introduced by multiple open dynamic leaf gaps that are present in fixed diaphragm linear accelerators. The purpose of this work was to develop a methodology for adjusting the rounded leaf end modeling parameters to improve out-of-field dose agreement in SmartArc VMAT treatment plans delivered by fixed jaw linacs where leaf gap dose is not negligible. Leaf gap doses were measured for an Elekta beam modulator linac with 0.4 cm micro-multileaf collimators (MLC) using an A16 micro-ionization chamber, a MatriXX ion chamber detector array, and Kodak EDR2 film dosimetry in a solid water phantom...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929409/rapid-detection-methods-for-asphalt-pavement-thicknesses-and-defects-by-a-vehicle-mounted-ground-penetrating-radar-gpr-system
#4
Zehua Dong, Shengbo Ye, Yunze Gao, Guangyou Fang, Xiaojuan Zhang, Zhongjun Xue, Tao Zhang
The thickness estimation of the top surface layer and surface layer, as well as the detection of road defects, are of great importance to the quality conditions of asphalt pavement. Although ground penetrating radar (GPR) methods have been widely used in non-destructive detection of pavements, the thickness estimation of the thin top surface layer is still a difficult problem due to the limitations of GPR resolution and the similar permittivity of asphalt sub-layers. Besides, the detection of some road defects, including inadequate compaction and delamination at interfaces, require further practical study...
December 6, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923037/adherence-to-colorectal-cancer-screening-four-rounds-of-faecal-immunochemical-test-based-screening
#5
Manon van der Vlugt, Esmée J Grobbee, Patrick Mm Bossuyt, Evelien Bongers, Wolfert Spijker, Ernst J Kuipers, Iris Lansdorp-Vogelaar, Marie-Louise Essink-Bot, Manon C W Spaander, Evelien Dekker
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of faecal immunochemical test (FIT)-based screening programs is highly dependent on consistent participation over multiple rounds. We evaluated adherence to FIT screening over four rounds and aimed to identify determinants of participation behaviour. METHODS: A total of 23 339 randomly selected asymptomatic persons aged 50-74 years were invited for biennial FIT-based colorectal cancer screening between 2006 and 2014. All were invited for every consecutive round, except for those who had moved out of the area, passed the upper age limit, or had tested positive in a previous screening round...
December 6, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908149/real-time-electromagnetic-seed-drop-detection-for-permanent-implants-brachytherapy-technology-overview-and-performance-assessment
#6
E Racine, G Hautvast, D Binnekamp, L Beaulieu
PURPOSE: To describe the principles and report on the performance of a novel real-time electromagnetic (EM) seed drop detection technology for permanent implants brachytherapy procedures. METHODS: A novel EM hollow needle prototype was recently developed by Philips. It possesses standard 3D tracking capability as well as a seed drop detection mechanism, both performed from a single custom built EM sensor. The detection mechanism is based on the magnetic permeability changes in the sensor as the seeds pass through...
December 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903795/how-can-professionals-carry-out-recognition-towards-children-of-parents-with-alcohol-problems-a-qualitative-interview-study
#7
Anne Werner, Kirsti Malterud
AIM: The aim of this study was to explore informal adult support experienced by children with parental alcohol problems to understand how professionals can show recognition in a similar way. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative interview study with retrospective accounts from nine adults growing up with problem-drinking parents. Data were analysed with systematic text condensation. Goffman's concept "frame" offered a lens to study how supportive situations were defined and to understand opportunities and limitations for translation of recognition acts and attitudes to professional contexts...
November 30, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897144/classification-of-dna-nucleotides-with-transverse-tunneling-currents
#8
Jonas Nyvold Pedersen, Paul Boynton, Massimiliano Di Ventra, Antti-Pekka Jauho, Henrik Flyvbjerg
It has been theoretically suggested and experimentally demonstrated that fast and low-cost sequencing of DNA, RNA, and peptide molecules might be achieved by passing such molecules between electrodes embedded in a nanochannel. The experimental realization of this scheme faces major challenges, however. In realistic liquid environments, typical currents in tunneling devices are of the order of picoamps. This corresponds to only six electrons per microsecond, and this number affects the integration time required to do current measurements in real experiments...
January 6, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896288/ultrastructure-of-early-amelogenesis-in-wild-type-amelx-and-enam-mice-enamel-ribbon-initiation-on-dentin-mineral-and-ribbon-orientation-by-ameloblasts
#9
Charles E Smith, Yuanyuan Hu, Jan C-C Hu, James P Simmer
INTRODUCTION: Dental enamel is comprised of highly organized, oriented apatite crystals, but how they form is unclear. METHODS: We used focused ion beam (FIB) scanning electron microscopy (SEM) to investigate early enamel formation in 7-week-old incisors from wild-type, Amelx(-/-), and Enam(-/-) C56BL/6 mice. FIB surface imaging scans thicker samples so that the thin enamel ribbons do not pass as readily out of the plane of section, and generates serial images by a mill and view approach for computerized tomography...
November 2016: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890051/medication-and-treatment-adherence-following-hospital-discharge
#10
Claudia Greißing, Peter Buchal, Hans-Joachim Kabitz, Marcus Schuchmann, Niko Zantl, Susanne Schiek, Thilo Bertsche
BACKGROUND: Patients' drug regimens often need to be changed when they pass from one care sector to another, but these changes sometimes pose a safety risk. To avoid such risks, a new inter-sector transition concept was developed incorporating discharge medication plans and counseling modules for the patients themselves and the doctors receiving them into their care. METHODS: A prospective interventional trial was carried out in two internal medicine wards of a general hospital...
November 4, 2016: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889157/monitoring-of-wheat-lactic-acid-bacteria-from-the-field-until-the-first-step-of-dough-fermentation
#11
Antonio Alfonzo, Claudia Miceli, Anna Nasca, Elena Franciosi, Giusi Ventimiglia, Rosalia Di Gerlando, Kieran Tuohy, Nicola Francesca, Giancarlo Moschetti, Luca Settanni
The present work was carried out to retrieve the origin of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) in sourdough. To this purpose, wheat LAB were monitored from ear harvest until the first step of fermentation for sourdough development. The influence of the geographical area and variety on LAB species/strain composition was also determined. The ears of four Triticum durum varieties (Duilio, Iride, Saragolla and Simeto) were collected from several fields located within the Palermo province (Sicily, Italy) and microbiologically investigated...
April 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886375/modulation-of-chloride-currents-in-human-lung-epithelial-cells-exposed-to-exogenous-oxidative-stress
#12
Rita Canella, Marta Martini, Roberta Borriello, Carlotta Cavicchio, Ximena M Muresan, Mascia Benedusi, Franco Cervellati, Giuseppe Valacchi
Air pollution continues to be a major public health concern affecting 9 out of 10 individuals living in urban areas worldwide. Respiratory tract is the organ most exposed to gas pollution and ozone has been shown to be one of the most noxious pollutants to which living organisms are exposed. In the present work, we have investigated the effects of 0.1 ppm of ozone on chloride currents in human lung epithelial cells (A549 line) and whether this effect could be modulated by vitamin E pre-treatment. Whole-cell patch clamp technique was applied to not excitable cells in order to obtain information about chloride currents behavior, important for epithelial lung cells homeostasis...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881792/estimates-of-radiation-doses-to-the-skin-for-people-camped-at-wallatinna-during-the-uk-totem-1-atomic-weapons-test
#13
G A Williams, R S O'Brien, M Grzechnik, K N Wise
A group of Aboriginal people was camped at Wallatinna in South Australia, ~170 km downwind from Emu Field, where an atomic test (the Totem 1 test) was carried out at 07.00 on 15 October 1953 local time (21.30 on 14 October 1953 GMT (Greenwich Mean Time)). They left the camp ~24 hours later. These people stated that a phenomenon that has become known as a 'black mist' rolled through their camp site ~5 hours after detonation and that some of them subsequently became sick, displaying skin reddening and nausea...
November 23, 2016: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878404/inter-rater-agreement-between-trained-emergency-medicine-residents-and-radiologists-in-the-examination-of-gallbladder-and-common-bile-duct-by-ultrasonography
#14
Javad Seyedhosseini, Azade Nasrelari, Narges Mohammadrezaei, Ehsan Karimialavijeh
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Bedside emergency ultrasonograAmerican Society of Emergency Radiologyphy is a rapid diagnostic tool in the emergency department (ED). Nevertheless, the learning curve for ultrasound (US) training in various indications has to date not been clearly defined. The aim of the present study was to assess how much a short specialized training program in hepatobiliary US might impact the skills of novice emergency medicine residents. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study conducted at a university-affiliated ED from May 2014 to January 2015...
November 22, 2016: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875729/-seesaw-balloon-wire-cutting-technique-is-superior-to-tornus-catheter-in-balloon-uncrossable-chronic-total-occlusions
#15
Jingyi Xue, Jianqiang Li, Hongjun Wang, Li Sheng, Yongtai Gong, Danghui Sun, Shuang Li, Weimin Li, Dingyu Wang, Yue Li
BACKGROUND: Inability to advance a balloon is a well-recognized cause leading to a failure in recanalization of chronic total occlusions (CTOs) despite successfully passing a guidewire. A few techniques and devices have been introduced to facilitate balloon passage, especially the use of Tornus catheter. However, complex manipulation, expensive cost, and availability limit the application of these methods. This study was to evaluate the efficiency and safety of "seesaw balloon-wire cutting" technique in comparison with Tornus catheter for balloon uncrossable CTOs...
November 2, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875191/visualization-as-seen-through-its-research-paper-keywords
#16
Petra Isenberg, Tobias Isenberg, Michael Sedlmair, Jian Chen, Torsten Moller
We present the results of a comprehensive multi-pass analysis of visualization paper keywords supplied by authors for their papers published in the IEEE Visualization conference series (now called IEEE VIS) between 1990-2015. From this analysis we derived a set of visualization topics that we discuss in the context of the current taxonomy that is used to categorize papers and assign reviewers in the IEEE VIS reviewing process. We point out missing and overemphasized topics in the current taxonomy and start a discussion on the importance of establishing common visualization terminology...
January 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874837/effectiveness-of-spiritist-passe-spiritual-healing-on-the-psychophysiological-parameters-in-hospitalized-patients
#17
Élida Mara Carneiro, Giselle Vanessa Moraes, Guilherme Azevedo Terra
Context • The coexistence of affective disorders, especially anxiety and depression, with medical illness is a topic of considerable clinical and research interest. Complementary biofield modalities are therapies that involve touch or placement of the hands in or through biofields. Spiritual healing, or Spiritist passe (SP), is a kind of laying on of hands (LOH), and therefore is a biofield therapy. Objective • The current study intended to evaluate the effects of SP on psychological parameters such as anxiety and depression and on the perceptions of muscle tension and wellness as well as physiological parameters, such as pain intensity, heart rate (HR), and oxygen saturation (SpO2)...
July 2016: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870656/oscillometric-and-auscultatory-blood-pressure-measurement-methods-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Stephanie L Duncombe, Christine Voss, Kevin C Harris
BACKGROUND: The phase-out of mercury from clinical settings calls for valid alternatives to assess blood pressure (BP) in children. Aneroid devices provide a mercury-free alternative to BP measurements by auscultation, whereas oscillometric (automated) devices are increasingly becoming the norm in clinical practice due to their ease of use. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to investigate the accuracy of oscillometric and aneroid BP devices compared with the mercury sphygmomanometer for the measurement of BP in children...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867710/intraocular-scattering-compensation-in-retinal-imaging
#19
Dimitrios Christaras, Harilaos Ginis, Alexandros Pennos, Pablo Artal
Intraocular scattering affects fundus imaging in a similar way that affects vision; it causes a decrease in contrast which depends on both the intrinsic scattering of the eye but also on the dynamic range of the image. Consequently, in cases where the absolute intensity in the fundus image is important, scattering can lead to a wrong estimation. In this paper, a setup capable of acquiring fundus images and estimating objectively intraocular scattering was built, and the acquired images were then used for scattering compensation in fundus imaging...
October 1, 2016: Biomedical Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867173/evaluation-of-in-vivo-volumetric-dosimetry-for-prostate-cancer-using-electronic-portal-imaging-device
#20
Toshikazu Imae, Shigeharu Takenaka, Yuuichi Watanabe, Yukari Okano, Makoto Nedu, Shigeki Saegusa, Yukihiro Takeuchi, Keiichi Yano, Akihiro Haga, Kenshirou Shiraishi, Hideomi Yamashita, Keiichi Nakagawa
PURPOSE: Volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) is capable of acquiring projection images using electronic portal imaging device (EPID). Commercial EPID-based dosimetry software, dosimetry check (DC), allows in vivo dosimetry using projection images. The purpose of this study was to evaluate in vivo dosimetry for prostate cancer using VMAT. METHOD: VMAT plans were generated for eight patients with prostate cancer using treatment planning system (TPS), and patient quality assurances (QAs) were carried out with phantom...
2016: Nihon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai Zasshi
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