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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146829/is-bridging-therapy-still-required-in-stroke-due-to-carotid-artery-terminus-occlusions
#1
Romain Bourcier, Pierre-Louis Alexandre, François Eugène, Béatrice Delasalle-Guyomarch, Benoit Guillon, Basile Kerleroux, Suzana Saleme, Gaultier Marnat, Samy Boucebci, Mahmood Mirza, Jean-Christophe Ferré, Chrysanthi Papagiannaki, Hubert Desal
INTRODUCTION: Studies comparing endovascular stroke treatment using mechanical thrombectomy (MT) with or without prior IV tissue plasminogen activator (tPa) have included only 30% of internal carotid artery terminus occlusions (ICA-O), a known predictor of recanalization failure with IV tPa. OBJECTIVE: To carry out a retrospective multicenter analysis of prospectively collected data of consecutive patients to investigate the impact of intravenous thrombolysis on ICA-O by comparing patients treated with MT alone or bridging therapy (BT)...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145052/a-comparison-of-personal-exposure-to-air-pollutants-in-different-travel-modes-on-national-highways-in-india
#2
Soma Sekhara Rao Kolluru, Aditya Kumar Patra, Satya Prakash Sahu
People often travel a long distance on highways to the nearest city for professional/business activities. However, relatively few publications on passenger exposure to pollutants on highways in India or elsewhere are available. The aim of this study was to examine the contribution of different travel modes to passengers' pollutant exposure for a long distance travel on a national highway in India. We measured PM2.5 and CO exposure levels of the passengers over 200km on a national highway using two portable air monitors, EVM-7 and EPAM-5000...
November 13, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143863/morphometric-properties-of-the-latissimus-dorsi-muscle-in-human-fetuses-for-flap-surgery
#3
Orhan Beger, Burhan Beger, Deniz Uzmansel, Semra Erdoğan, Zeliha Kurtoğlu
PURPOSE: Although latissimus dorsi (LD) flaps are extensively used in a wide range of interventions, fetus studies on this subject are quite limited. This study aims to obtain detailed information about the morphometric features of LD, thoracodorsal artery (TDA) and nerve (TDN). METHODS: The study was carried out on both sides of 50 formalin-fixed human fetuses (22 male/28 female) with a mean gestational age of 24.5 ± 4.7 (range 18-36) weeks, which were in the inventory of Anatomy Department of Mersin University Faculty of Medicine...
November 16, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142543/career-choices-of-medical-doctors-at-graduate-level-a-multicenter-study
#4
Sadaf Zia, Maisam Abbas, Mehreen Sulaiman, Salman Matiullah Sheikh
Objective: To find out the specialty choices being taken by Final year Medical students and graduate Doctors. Method: This is a cross sectional survey study which was conducted over two months from 1(st) November to 31(st) December 2016. Final year students and house job doctors were asked for the filling of Performa, after filling the consent form. A self-developed, anonymous questionnaire was used to conduct the study using close ended type of questions. This was a multi-center study conducted at Dow International Medical College and Jinnah Medical and Dental College...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141624/incorporating-patient-partner-scores-into-high-stakes-assessment-an-observational-study-into-opinions-and-attitudes
#5
Fiona C Thomson, Rhoda K MacKenzie, Marie Anderson, Alan R Denison, Graeme P Currie
BACKGROUND: Volunteer patients (also known as patient partners (PPs)) play a vital role in undergraduate healthcare curricula. They frequently take part in objective structured clinical examinations (OSCE) and rate aspects of students' performance. However, the inclusion and weighting of PP marks varies, while attitudes and opinions regarding how (and if) they should contribute towards the pass/fail outcome are uncertain. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted to explore beliefs of PPs regarding inclusion of their scores in a high stakes undergraduate OSCE in a single UK medical school...
November 15, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137854/-inclusion-of-patient-safety-into-the-medical-degree-electives-description-of-the-experience-and-student-perception
#6
R Ladenheim, D Macchiavello, M Milberg
INTRODUCTION: One of the factors identified to reduce medical errors has been the organisational culture. Education is proposed as a tool for its modification, but this does not have a unique way of being achieved. This paper sought to describe a patient safety elective for medical students and to determine their perceptions on the subject. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive study was performed in the Center of Medical Education and Clinical Investigations, in Argentina...
November 11, 2017: Revista de Calidad Asistencial: Organo de la Sociedad Española de Calidad Asistencial
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133187/duddingtonia-flagrans-formulated-in-rice-bran-in-the-control-of-oesophagostomum-spp-intestinal-parasite-of-swine
#7
João Victor Facchini Rodrigues, Fabio Ribeiro Braga, Artur Kanadani Campos, Lorendane Millena de Carvalho, Juliana Milani Araujo, Anderson Rocha Aguiar, Carolina Magri Ferraz, Wendeo Ferreira da Silveira, Marisa Caixetta Valadão, Thais de Oliveira, Samuel Galvão de Freitas, Jackson Victor de Araújo
Three experimental assays with Duddingtonia flagrans (isolated AC001) were carried out. The growth of the genus Duddingtonia present in formulation of rice bran, its predatory capability on Oesophagostomum spp. infective larvae (L3) in petri dishes (assay 1), its action in faecal cultures with eggs of that parasite (assay 2) and isolate's capability of predation after passing through gastrointestinal tract of swine (assay 3) was evaluated. At assay 3, feces were collected at time intervals of 12, 24, 36, 48, and 60 h after feed animals with the formulation...
November 10, 2017: Experimental Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129731/individual-differences-in-visual-science-what-can-be-learned-and-what-is-good-experimental-practice
#8
John D Mollon, Jenny M Bosten, David H Peterzell, Michael A Webster
We all pass out our lives in private perceptual worlds. The differences in our sensory and perceptual experiences often go unnoticed until there emerges a variation (such as 'The Dress') that is large enough to generate different descriptions in the coarse coinage of our shared language. In this essay, we illustrate how individual differences contribute to a richer understanding of visual perception, but we also indicate some potential pitfalls that face the investigator who ventures into the field.
November 9, 2017: Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129605/evolution-and-adaptation-of-single-pass-transmembrane-proteins
#9
Irina D Pogozheva, Andrei L Lomize
A comparative analysis of 6,039 single-pass (bitopic) membrane proteins from six evolutionarily distant organisms was performed based on data from the Membranome database. The observed repertoire of bitopic proteins is significantly enlarged in eukaryotic cells and especially in multicellular organisms due to the diversification of enzymes, emergence of proteins involved in vesicular trafficking, and expansion of receptors, structural, and adhesion proteins. The majority of bitopic proteins in multicellular organisms are located in the plasma membrane (PM) and involved in cell communication...
November 9, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128396/family-meals-then-and-now-a-qualitative-investigation-of-intergenerational-transmission-of-family-meal-practices-in-a-racially-ethnically-diverse-and-immigrant-population
#10
Amanda C Trofholz, Mai See Thao, Mia Donley, Mireya Smith, Hassan Isaac, Jerica M Berge
Having frequent family meals has consistently been associated with better health outcomes in children/adolescents. It is important to identify how intergenerational transmission of family meal practices occurs to help families benefit from family meals. Limited studies exist that explore the intergenerational transmission of family meal practices, particularly among racially/ethnically diverse and immigrant populations. This study explores how parents describe differences and similarities between meals then and now, the lessons they learned as children about family meals, and the lessons they pass onto their children, the challenges of carrying out family meals, and how families handle the barriers/challenges to intergenerational transmission of family meal practices...
November 8, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127512/surgical-management-of-spinal-solitary-fibrous-tumor-hemangiopericytoma-a-case-series-of-20-patients
#11
Qi Jia, Zhenhua Zhou, Dan Zhang, Jian Yang, Chao Liu, Ting Wang, Zhipeng Wu, Cheng Yang, Haifeng Wei, Jian Zhao, Tielong Liu, Wang Zhou, Xinghai Yang, Jianru Xiao
PURPOSE: Spinal solitary fibrous tumor/hemangiopericytoma (SFT/HPC), a rare mesenchymal tumor that arises from pericytes of Zimmerman, comprises only 0.08% of all primary bone tumors and 0.1% of primary malignant bone tumor and rarely occurs in the spine. We attempt to correlate the clinical factors and different treatment options with the recurrence rate and overall survival of SFT/HPC over time. METHODS: A retrospective study of 20 patients with spinal osseous SFT/HPCs who were surgically treated in our center between 2003 and 2015 was performed...
November 10, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123601/education-in-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-in-russia-a-systematic-review-of-the-available-evidence
#12
REVIEW
Alexei Birkun, Maksim Glotov
BACKGROUND: To summarise and appraise cumulative published scientific evidence relevant to cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) education in Russia. DATA RESOURCES: We searched Medline, Scopus, Science Direct and Russian Science Citation Index databases from December 1991 to December 2016 to identify studies pertaining to the field of CPR education that were carried out by Russian researchers and/or investigated the topic of interest for Russia/Russian population...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123559/factors-associated-with-success-in-the-oral-part-of-the-european-diploma-in-intensive-care
#13
Petr Waldauf, Francesca Rubulotta, Christian Sitzwohl, Paul Elbers, Armand Girbes, Rajnish Saha, Brian Marsh, Ravindra Kumar, Marco Maggiorini, František Duška
Introduction: The oral part of European Diploma in Intensive Care diploma examinations changed in 2013 into an objective structured clinical examination-type exam. This step was undertaken to provide a fair and reproducible clinical exam. All candidates face identical questions with predefined correct answers simultaneously in seven high throughput exam centres on the same day. We describe the factors that are associated with success in part 2 European Diploma in Intensive Care exam. Methods: We prospectively collected self-reported data from all candidates sitting European Diploma in Intensive Care part 2 in 2015, namely demographics, professional background and attendance to a European Diploma in Intensive Care part 2 or generic objective structured clinical examination preparatory courses...
November 2017: J Intensive Care Soc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121914/splice-variants-of-the-extracellular-region-of-ron-receptor-tyrosine-kinase-in-lung-cancer-cell-lines-identified-by-pcr-and-sequencing
#14
Soundararajan Krishnaswamy, Abdul Khader Mohammed, Gyanendra Tripathi, Majed S Alokail, Nasser M Al-Daghri
BACKGROUND: Altered expression of receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) is a major driver of growth and metastasis of cancers. Recepteur d'origine nantais (RON) receptor is a single-pass transmembrane RTK aberrantly expressed in a number of cancers. Efforts to block deregulated RON signaling in tumors using small molecule kinase inhibitors or antibodies are complicated by the presence of unknown number/types of isoforms of RON, which, despite having similar sequences, are localized differently and mediate varied functions...
November 9, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121177/out-of-pocket-and-health-care-spending-changes-for-patients-using-orally-administered-anticancer-therapy-after-adoption-of-state-parity-laws
#15
Stacie B Dusetzina, Haiden A Huskamp, Aaron N Winn, Ethan Basch, Nancy L Keating
Importance: Oral anticancer medications are increasingly important but costly treatment options for patients with cancer. By early 2017, 43 states and Washington, DC, had passed laws to ensure patients with private insurance enrolled in fully insured health plans pay no more for anticancer medications administered by mouth than anticancer medications administered by infusion. Federal legislation regarding this issue is currently pending. Despite their rapid acceptance, the changes associated with state adoption of oral chemotherapy parity laws have not been described...
November 9, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120756/centrifugeless-dispersive-liquid-liquid-microextraction-based-on-salting-out-phenomenon-followed-by-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-for-determination-of-sudan-dyes-in-different-species
#16
Mohammad Bazregar, Maryam Rajabi, Yadollah Yamini, Somayeh Arghavani-Beydokhti, Alireza Asghari
In this work, a novel method, namely centrifugeless dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction, is introduced for the efficient extraction of banned Sudan dyes from foodstuff and water samples. In this method, which is based upon the salting-out phenomenon, in order to accelerate the extraction process, the extraction solvent (1-undecanol, 75 μL) is dispersed into the sample solution. Then the mixture is passed through a small column filled with 5 g sodium chloride, used as a separating reagent. In this condition, fine droplets of the extraction solvent are floated on the mixture, and the phase separation is simply achieved...
April 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120358/label-free-biomedical-imaging-using-high-speed-lock-in-pixel-sensor-for-stimulated-raman-scattering
#17
Kamel Mars, De Xing Lioe, Shoji Kawahito, Keita Yasutomi, Keiichiro Kagawa, Takahiro Yamada, Mamoru Hashimoto
Raman imaging eliminates the need for staining procedures, providing label-free imaging to study biological samples. Recent developments in stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) have achieved fast acquisition speed and hyperspectral imaging. However, there has been a problem of lack of detectors suitable for MHz modulation rate parallel detection, detecting multiple small SRS signals while eliminating extremely strong offset due to direct laser light. In this paper, we present a complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) image sensor using high-speed lock-in pixels for stimulated Raman scattering that is capable of obtaining the difference of Stokes-on and Stokes-off signal at modulation frequency of 20 MHz in the pixel before reading out...
November 9, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118693/design-of-a-soft-robotic-elbow-sleeve-with-passive-and-intent-controlled-actuation
#18
Tze Hui Koh, Nicholas Cheng, Hong Kai Yap, Chen-Hua Yeow
The provision of continuous passive, and intent-based assisted movements for neuromuscular training can be incorporated into a robotic elbow sleeve. The objective of this study is to propose the design and test the functionality of a soft robotic elbow sleeve in assisting flexion and extension of the elbow, both passively and using intent-based motion reinforcement. First, the elbow sleeve was developed, using elastomeric and fabric-based pneumatic actuators, which are soft and lightweight, in order to address issues of non-portability and poor alignment with joints that conventional robotic rehabilitation devices are faced with...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118546/migration-of-malleable-penile-prosthesis
#19
Abdelrahman Yahya Mohamed, Hatem Althubiany, Salem Bahdilh
Penile prosthesis migration is rare. Most reported cases are migration of inflatable penile prosthesis reservoirs. We reported a case of rectal migration of malleable penile prosthesis passed out as hard bowel motion without patient recognition.
October 2017: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113010/comparison-of-four-methods-of-endotracheal-tube-passage-in-simulated-airways-there-is-room-for-improved-techniques
#20
Kirsten Kingma, Ross Hofmeyr, Irene Suilan Zeng, Christin Coomarasamy, Andrew Brainard
OBJECTIVE: Endotracheal intubation requires laryngoscopy followed by passage of the endotracheal tube (ETT). Tube passage can be difficult, but there is little evidence to support which adjunct for tube passage is most effective. METHODS: The four tube passage adjuncts tested were the naked ETT, stylet ETT, railroaded bougie and preloaded bougie. Participants completed pre- and post-test surveys identifying demographics, experience and method preference. After instruction, participants completed eight intubations on manikins with 'easy' and 'difficult' airways...
November 7, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
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