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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793049/psychometric-validation-of-the-turkish-nine-item-internet-gaming-disorder-scale-short-form-igds9-sf
#1
Cuneyt Evren, Ercan Dalbudak, Merve Topcu, Nilay Kutlu, Bilge Evren, Halley M Pontes
The main aims of the current study were to test the factor structure, reliability and validity of the nine-item Internet Gaming Disorder Scale-Short Form (IGDS9-SF), a standardized measure to assess symptoms and prevalence of Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD). In the present study participants were assessed with the IGDS9-SF, nine-item Internet Gaming Disorder Scale (IGDS) and the Young's Internet Addiction Test-Short Form (YIAT-SF). Confirmatory factor analyzes demonstrated that the factor structure (i.e., the dimensional structure) of the IGDS9-SF was satisfactory...
May 4, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792294/training-working-memory-in-adolescents-using-serious-game-elements-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Wouter J Boendermaker, Thomas E Gladwin, Margot Peeters, Pier J M Prins, Reinout W Wiers
BACKGROUND: Working memory capacity has been found to be impaired in adolescents with various psychological problems, such as addictive behaviors. Training of working memory capacity can lead to significant behavioral improvements, but it is usually long and tedious, taxing participants' motivation to train. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate whether adding game elements to the training could help improve adolescents' motivation to train while improving cognition...
May 23, 2018: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792142/collaboration-of-the-joint-research-centre-and-the-european-customs-laboratories-for-identification-of-new-psychoactive-substances
#3
Claude Guillou, Fabiano Reniero, Joana Lobo Pereira Vicente, Margaret Holland, Kamil Kolar, Hubert Chassaigne, Salvatore Tirendi, Herve Schepers
The emergence of designer drugs as substances of abuse has seen a dramatic increase over the last few years. Customs officials are responsible for the control of products entering the European Union (EU) market. This control applies to chemicals in general, pharmaceutical products and medicines. Numerous products imported from non-EU countries, often -declared as 'bath salts' or 'fertilizers', may in fact contain new psychoactive substance (NPS). These are not necessarily controlled under international law, but are subject to monitoring in agreement with EU legislation...
May 23, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791036/neuroplasticity-in-cholinergic-neurons-of-the-laterodorsal-tegmental-nucleus-contributes-to-the-development-of-cocaine-addiction
#4
Katsuyuki Kaneda
The laterodorsal tegmental nucleus (LDT) is a brainstem nucleus that sends cholinergic, glutamatergic, and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-ergic projections to the ventral tegmental area (VTA), a key brain region associated with reward information processing and reinforcement learning, and thus, with addiction induced by drugs of abuse, including cocaine. Recent studies have revealed that the LDT, in addition to the VTA, plays important roles in the development and expression of cocaine-induced addiction and stress-induced enhancement of addictive behaviors...
May 23, 2018: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791013/frontline-science-buprenorphine-decreases-ccl2-mediated-migration-of-cd14-cd16-monocytes
#5
Matias Jaureguiberry-Bravo, Lillie Lopez, Joan W Berman
HIV infection of the CNS causes neuroinflammation and damage that contributes to the development of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) in greater than 50% of HIV-infected individuals, despite antiretroviral therapy (ART). Opioid abuse is a major risk factor for HIV infection. It has been shown that opioids can contribute to increased HIV CNS pathogenesis, in part, by modulating the function of immune cells. HIV enters the CNS within two weeks after peripheral infection by transmigration of infected monocytes across the blood brain barrier (BBB)...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790369/an-innovative-perioperative-pain-program-for-chronic-opioid-users-an-academic-medical-center-s-response-to-the-opioid-crisis
#6
Marie N Hanna, Traci J Speed, Ronen Shechter, Michael C Grant, Rosanne Sheinberg, Elizabeth Goldberg, Claudia M Campbell, Nicholas Theodore, Colleen G Koch, Kayode Williams
Increased utilization of prescription opioids for pain management has led to a nationwide public health crisis with alarming rates of addiction and opioid-related deaths. In the surgical setting, opioid prescriptions have been implicated as a contributing factor to the opioid epidemic. The authors developed an innovative model to address aspects of pain management and opioid utilization during preoperative evaluation, acute surgical hospitalization, and postoperative follow-up for chronic opioid users. This program involves multidisciplinary teams that include acute and chronic pain specialists, psychiatrists, integrative medicine specialists, and physical medicine and rehabilitation services...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Medical Quality: the Official Journal of the American College of Medical Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790325/-pathological-gambling-and-internet-addiction-among-nursing-students-a-pilot-study
#7
Dania Comparcini, Valentina Simonetti, Francesco Galli, Daniele Buccoliero, Elena Palombelli, Gianna Senede, Giancarlo Cicolini
AIM: To assess pathological gambling and Internet addiction among nursing students. METHOD: A monocentric, observational study was carried out from November 2013 to January 2014 at an Italian Nursing Degree Course using the Italian version of the South Oaks Gambling Screen (SOGS) to assess the risk to develop gambling, and the Internet Addiction Test (IAT) to assess the risk to develop Internet addiction. A total of 420 nursing students were enrolled. RESULTS: Two hundred eighty-three students (67...
January 2018: Professioni Infermieristiche
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790040/building-behavioral-health-homes-clinician-and-staff-perspectives-on-creating-integrated-care-teams
#8
Tracy Anastas, Elizabeth Needham Waddell, Sonya Howk, Mark Remiker, Gretchen Horton-Dunbar, L J Fagnan
Adults with serious mental illness and substance use disorders have elevated risk of mortality and higher healthcare costs compared to the general population. As these disparities have been linked to poor management of co-occurring chronic conditions in primary care, the behavioral health setting may be a preferred setting for routine medical screening and treatment. This qualitative study describes early stages of integrating care teams in emerging medical homes based in mental health and addiction treatment settings...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790038/development-and-testing-of-an-addiction-treatment-level-of-care-determination-tool
#9
Megan A O'Grady, Charles J Neighbors, Patricia Lincourt, Constance Burke, Adrianna Maldonado
Two studies examined inter-rater reliability and content-related validity of an addiction treatment level of care determination tool currently in use in New York, the LOCADTR 3.0. The studies occurred after tool implementation. In study 1, 139 providers used the LOCADTR 3.0 to determine level of care for four case vignettes. Inter-rater reliability coefficients were calculated. In study 2, 387,338 state records from existing data were analyzed to determine how often providers opted to override the LOCADTR 3...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789775/pathological-internet-use-an-important-comorbidity-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-prevalence-and-correlation-patterns-in-a-naturalistic-sample-of-adolescent-inpatients
#10
Martin Fuchs, David Riedl, Astrid Bock, Gerhard Rumpold, Kathrin Sevecke
Background: Few studies have examined the prevalence of problematic internet use (PIU) in young people undergoing inpatient treatment in child and adolescent psychiatry centers. The aims of our study were thus (a) to assess the frequency of comorbid PIU in a sample of adolescent psychiatric inpatients and compare it with a control group of nonreferred adolescents and (b) to gain insights into correlations between PIU and psychiatric comorbidities. Methods: 111 child and adolescent psychiatry inpatients (CAP-IP, mean age 15...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788886/novel-pharmacotherapeutic-approaches-in-treatment-of-alcohol-addiction
#11
Rashidi Mohamed Pakri Mohamad, Jaya Kumar, Shihab Udin Ahmad, Isa Naina Mohamed
In the past two decades, the search for novel pharmacotherapies to treat alcohol addiction been a global endeavour. This has resulted in several drugs that have been approved and successfully marketed for public use while some are still in the testing phase. These pharmacological agents, though effective for the treatment of alcoholism, are not without shortcomings; such as abuse potential, serious mental and physical adverse effects, interaction with alcohol and also poor metabolism and excretion. As more is being understood about the neurobiology of alcohol addiction as well as the unique pharmacological action of these drugs, new agents are evaluated for potential benefits when used as a adjunct in combination therapy...
May 22, 2018: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788762/distinct-patterns-of-internet-and-smartphone-related-problems-among-adolescents-by-gender-latent-class-analysis
#12
Seung-Yup Lee, Donghwan Lee, Cho Rong Nam, Da Yea Kim, Sera Park, Jun-Gun Kwon, Yong-Sil Kweon, Youngjo Lee, Dai Jin Kim, Jung-Seok Choi
Background and objectives The ubiquitous Internet connections by smartphones weakened the traditional boundaries between computers and mobile phones. We sought to explore whether smartphone-related problems differ from those of computer use according to gender using latent class analysis (LCA). Methods After informed consents, 555 Korean middle-school students completed surveys on gaming, Internet use, and smartphone usage patterns. They also completed various psychosocial instruments. LCA was performed for the whole group and by gender...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788757/expression-of-nmda-receptor-subunits-in-human-blood-lymphocytes-a-peripheral-biomarker-in-online-computer-game-addiction
#13
Mitra-Sadat Sadat-Shirazi, Nasim Vousooghi, Bentolhoda Alizadeh, Seyed Mohammad Makki, Seyed Zeinolabedin Zarei, Shahrzad Nazari, Mohammad Reza Zarrindast
Background and aims Repeated performance of some behaviors such as playing computer games could result in addiction. The NMDA receptor is critically involved in the development of behavioral and drug addictions. It has been claimed that the expression level of neurotransmitter receptors in the brain may be reflected in peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs). Methods Here, using a real-time PCR method, we have investigated the mRNA expression of GluN2A, GluN2D, GluN3A, and GluN3B subunits of the NMDA receptor in PBLs of male online computer game addicts (n = 25) in comparison with normal subjects (n = 26)...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788755/gaming-under-the-influence-an-exploratory-study
#14
Kateřina Škařupová, Lukas Blinka, Adam Ťápal
Background and aims Association between substance use and excessive play of online games exists both in theory and research. However, no study to date examined playing online games under the influence of licit and illicit drugs. Methods We questioned a convenient online sample of 3,952 Czech online gamers on their experiences and motives of using caffeine, alcohol, tobacco, psychoactive pharmaceuticals, and illicit drugs while playing massive multiplayer online games (MMOGs). Results The results showed low prevalence of illicit drug use while playing online games...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788752/cue-reactivity-in-behavioral-addictions-a-meta-analysis-and-methodological-considerations
#15
Katrin Starcke, Stephanie Antons, Patrick Trotzke, Matthias Brand
Background and aims Recent research has applied cue-reactivity paradigms to behavioral addictions. The aim of the current meta-analysis is to systematically analyze the effects of learning-based cue-reactivity in behavioral addictions. Methods The current meta-analysis includes 18 studies (29 data sets, 510 participants) that have used a cue-reactivity paradigm in persons with gambling (eight studies), gaming (nine studies), or buying (one study) disorders. We compared subjective, peripheral physiological, electroencephal, and neural responses toward addiction-relevant cues in patients versus control participants and toward addiction-relevant cues versus control cues in patients...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788750/exercise-motivational-regulations-and-exercise-addiction-the-mediating-role-of-passion
#16
Álvaro Sicilia, Manuel Alcaraz-Ibáñez, María-Jesús Lirola, Rafael Burgueño, Anthony Maher
Background and aims The study explored the mediating role of forms of passion in the relationship between motivational regulations in exercise and exercise addiction (EA). Methods A total of 485 university students (368 males and 117 females; Mage  = 20.43, SD = 3.21) completed a questionnaire measuring the frequency and intensity of exercise, motivational regulations in exercise, passion for exercise, and EA. Controlling the effects of age, frequency, and intensity of practice, the relationships between the study variables were examined though a path analysis...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788747/internet-pornography-viewing-preference-as-a-risk-factor-for-adolescent-internet-addiction-the-moderating-role-of-classroom-personality-factors
#17
Kyriaki Alexandraki, Vasileios Stavropoulos, Tyrone L Burleigh, Daniel L King, Mark D Griffiths
Background and aims Adolescent Internet pornography viewing has been significantly increased in the last decade with research highlighting its association with Internet addiction (IA). However, there is little longitudinal data on this topic, particularly in relation to peer context effects. This study aimed to examine age- and context-related variations in the Internet pornography-IA association. Methods A total of 648 adolescents, from 34 classrooms, were assessed at 16 years and then at 18 years to examine the effect of Internet pornography preference on IA in relation to the classroom context...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787807/temperament-and-characteristics-related-to-nomophobia
#18
Maria Angustias Olivencia-Carrión, Ramón Ferri-García, María Del Mar Rueda, Manuel Gabriel Jiménez-Torres, Francisca López-Torrecillas
Nomophobia is defined as the fear of being out of mobile phone contact and is considered to be a phobia of the modern age. The current study set out to establish the relationship between temperament and personality and the development of nomophobia. The sample was composed of 968 participants selected from the Andalusian population, of which there were 182 males and 785 females aged from 23.19 years. The instruments used were the Questionnaire to Assess Nomophobia (QANIP; Olivencia-Carrión et al., 2018) and the Temperament and Character Inventory Revised (TCI-R; Cloninger et al...
May 6, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787620/intact-goal-directed-control-in-treatment-seeking-drug-users-indexed-by-outcome-devaluation-and-pavlovian-to-instrumental-transfer-critique-of-habit-theory
#19
Lee Hogarth, Christa Lam-Cassettari, Helena Pacitti, Tara Currah, Justin Mahlberg, Lucie Hartley, Ahmed Moustafa
Animal studies have demonstrated that chronic exposure to drugs of abuse impairs goal-directed control over action selection indexed by the outcome-devaluation and specific Pavlovian to instrumental transfer procedures, suggesting this impairment might underpin addiction. However, there is currently only weak evidence for impaired goal-directed control in human drug users. Two experiments were undertaken in which treatment-seeking drug users and non-matched normative reference samples (controls) completed outcome-devaluation and specific Pavlovian to instrumental transfer procedures notionally translatable to animal procedures (Experiment 2 used a more challenging biconditional schedule)...
May 22, 2018: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786768/risk-prediction-score-for-hiv-infection-development-and-internal-validation-with-cross-sectional-data-from-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china
#20
Lu Yin, Yuejuan Zhao, Meridith Blevins Peratikos, Liang Song, Xiangjun Zhang, Ruolei Xin, Zheya Sun, Yunan Xu, Li Zhang, Yifei Hu, Chun Hao, Yuhua Ruan, Yiming Shao, Sten H Vermund, Han-Zhu Qian
Receptive anal intercourse, multiple partners, condomless sex, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and drug/alcohol addiction are familiar factors that correlate with increased human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) risk among men who have sex with men (MSM). To improve estimation to HIV acquisition, we created a composite score using questions from routine survey of 3588 MSM in Beijing, China. The HIV prevalence was 13.4%. A risk scoring tool using penalized maximum likelihood multivariable logistic regression modeling was developed, deploying backward step-down variable selection to obtain a reduced-form model...
May 21, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
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