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Lumbar laminectomy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142908/a-rare-ureteral-injury-following-posterior-approach-lumbar-discectomy
#1
Mohammad Hajiha, Robert J Sowerby, Kenneth T Pace
Iatrogenic ureteral injuries account for ∼75% of all ureteral injuries and occur primarily during urologic, gynecologic, general, and vascular surgery procedures. Ureteral injury during spine surgery is a rare complication with only occasional reports in the literature. In this case report, we present a case of unrecognized left ureteral injury during an open right lumbar discectomy with a delayed presentation, and discuss the steps required for diagnosis and management. This report highlights a rare complication during laminectomy and serves to better inform patients and surgeons about this potential complication and the management options...
2017: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119044/nursing-review-of-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-lumbar-degenerative-spondylolisthesis
#2
Nancy E Epstein, Renee D Hollingsworth
Background: In the lumbar spine, degenerative spondylolisthesis or degenerative (not traumatic) slippage of one vertebral body over another is divided into 4 grades - grade I (25%), grade II (50%), grade III (75%), and grade IV (100%). Dynamic X-rays, magnetic resonance (MR), and computed tomography (CT) scans document the slip secondary to arthritic changes of the facet joint plus stenosis, ossification of the yellow ligament, disc herniations, and synovial cysts. MR best demonstrates soft tissue pathology whereas CT better delineates ossific/calcified disease...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102751/epidural-steroids-at-closure-post-microdiscectomy-laminectomy-for-reduction-of-post-operative-analgesia-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Ash Wilson-Smith, Nicholas Chang, Victor M Lu, Ralph J Mobbs, Matthew Fadhil, Declan Lloyd, Sara Kim, Kevin Phan
BACKGROUND: This review assessed the efficacy of epidural steroid administration on the reduction of pain, hospital stay time and use of opioid analgesics postoperatively. METHODS: We searched Medline, PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CCRCT) and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR) for studies utilizing epidural steroids through any route following lumbar surgery. The primary study outcomes included pre- and postoperative pain as assessed through the use of a Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), length of hospital stay and postoperative use of opioid analgesics...
November 1, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101071/subarachnoid-to-subarachnoid-shunt-for-correction-of-nonfunctioning-baclofen-pump-in-a-severe-case-of-chronic-debilitating-post-spinal-cord-injury-spasticity
#4
Adewale A Bakare, Jonathan Weyhenmeyer, Albert Lee
BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE: Perhaps the most disabling condition seen in patients with spinal cord injury is spasticity. Spasticity is characterized as hyperreflexia and hypertonicity as a result of damage to the supraspinal tracts in the aftermath of SCI. Intrathecal baclofen (ITB) is the mainstay therapy for spasticity unresponsive to oral baclofen. One of the problems associated with post-SCI spasticity unresponsive to ITB is development of scar tissue that prevents the diffusion of baclofen in the desired spinal cord area...
October 31, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095409/increased-volume-of-lumbar-surgeries-for-herniated-intervertebral-disc-disease-and-cost-effectiveness-analysis-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#5
Chi Heon Kim, Chun Kee Chung, Myo Jeong Kim, Yunhee Choi, Min-Jung Kim, Seokyung Hahn, Sukyoun Shin, Jong-Myung Jung, Jun Ho Lee
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of a nationwide database OBJECTIVE.: The primary objective was to summarize the use of surgical methods for lumbar herniated intervertebral disc disease (HIVD) at two different time periods under the national health insurance system (NHIS). The secondary objective was to perform a cost-effectiveness analysis by utilizing incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The selection of surgical method for HIVD may or may not be consistent with cost effectiveness under NHIS, but this issue has rarely been analyzed...
October 31, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093791/postoperative-spinal-subdural-lesions-following-lumbar-spine-surgery-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#6
Yukitaka Nagamoto, Shota Takenaka, Hiroyuki Aono
Study Design: Retrospective case-control study. Purpose: To clarify the prevalence and risk factors for spinal subdural lesions (SSDLs) following lumbar spine surgery. Overview of Literature: Because SSDLs, including arachnoid cyst and subdural hematoma, that develop following spinal surgery are seldom symptomatic and require reoperation, there are few reports on these pathologies. No study has addressed the prevalence and risk factors for SSDLs following lumbar spine surgery...
October 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082053/thoracic-synovial-cyst-at-the-th2-3-level-causing-myelopathy
#7
Martin M Sundskarð, Shahin Gaini
Intraspinal synovial cyst is a rare cause of myelopathy. These cysts present most often in the lumbar and cervical parts of the spine but are more infrequent in the thoracic spine. We present a case of a 73-year-old man with an intraspinal, extradural synovial cyst at the Th2-3 level causing paraesthesia and weakness in the legs. A laminectomy and excision of the cyst were performed and the patient recovered fully. In the thoracic spine, synovial cysts are almost exclusively found in the lower part. Laminectomy, with excision, is the treatment of choice, although steroid injections have been described...
2017: Case Reports in Neurological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066932/efficiency-of-spinal-anesthesia-versus-general-anesthesia-for-lumbar-spinal-surgery-a-retrospective-analysis-of-544-patients
#8
John T Pierce, Guy Kositratna, Mark A Attiah, Michael J Kallan, Rebecca Koenigsberg, Peter Syre, David Wyler, Paul J Marcotte, W Andrew Kofke, William C Welch
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown varying results in selected outcomes when directly comparing spinal anesthesia to general in lumbar surgery. Some studies have shown reduced surgical time, postoperative pain, time in the postanesthesia care unit (PACU), incidence of urinary retention, postoperative nausea, and more favorable cost-effectiveness with spinal anesthesia. Despite these results, the current literature has also shown contradictory results in between-group comparisons...
2017: Local and Regional Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057365/a-rare-case-of-intramedullary-solitary-juvenile-xanthogranuloma-of-the-lumbar-spine-in-the-adult-a-case-report
#9
Vania Pirillo, Andrea Prontera, Paolo Rizzo, Paolo Cipriano Cecchi, Martin Maffei, Andreas Schwarz
Solitary juvenile xanthogranuloma (SJX) of the spine is an extremely rare proliferative histiocytic disorder with only few cases reported in literature. We present the first case of intramedullary spinal SJX. A 22-year-old male presented with a nine-month history of progressively worsening sphincteric disturbances and saddle hypoesthesia. Magnetic resonance imaging showed an intra-axial lesion located in the conus medullaris; T1 hypointense, T2 iso-hyperintense and uniformly enhancing after contrast administration...
September 2017: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057364/pemlif-a-tale-of-two-stories
#10
Raja K Kutty, Balakrishnan Sreemathyamma Sunilkumar, Anilkumar Peethambaran, Sourabh Kumar Jain, Shailesh Kumar
Intervertebral disc prolapse is a common cause of both acute and chronic low back pain. This can result in differential grades of motor and sensory disturbances in lower limbs and even cauda equina syndrome (CES). The neurological manifestations are a result of compression of the spinal cord and roots ventrally in the spinal canal due to the prolapsed disc. However, neurologic deficits owing to compression of the spinal cord dorsally as a result of migration of sequestrated disc fragments are very rare. We present two different cases of back pain with severe neurologic deficit referred to us within a short span of one month...
September 2017: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053676/laminotomy-for-lumbar-dorsal-root-ganglion-access-and-injection-in-swine
#11
Mark D Unger, Timothy P Maus, Ross C Puffer, Laura K Newman, Bradford L Currier, Andreas S Beutler
Dorsal root ganglia (DRG) are anatomically well defined structures that contain all primary sensory neurons below the head. This fact makes DRG attractive targets for injection of novel therapeutics aimed at treating chronic pain. In small animal models, laminectomy has been used to facilitate DRG injection because it involves surgical removal of the vertebral bone surrounding each DRG. We demonstrate a technique for intraganglionic injection of lumbar DRG in a large animal species, namely, swine. Laminotomy is performed to allow direct access to DRG using standard neurosurgical techniques, instruments, and materials...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017310/angiolipoma-on-the-lumbar-spine
#12
Hee Il Kang, Tae Wan Kim, Eun Ju Kim, Kwan Ho Park
Angiolipomas are composed of mature adipose tissue and blood vessels. Spinal angiolipomas are rare benign tumors with a good prognosis, and most symptoms are due to progressive compression of the spinal cord and root. The treatment of choice is total resection without any additional therapy. We report a case of an epidural angiolipoma on the lumbar spine in a 69-year-old man with weakness of the lower extremities. Lumbar magnetic resonance images revealed a well-enhanced epidural mass. He underwent laminectomy, and the tumor was completely removed...
September 2017: Korean Journal of Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017300/long-term-clinical-and-radiological-outcomes-after-central-decompressive-laminoplasty-for-lumbar-spinal-stenosis
#13
Jun-Hwan Kim, Young-Joon Kwon
OBJECTIVE: There are many technical modifications of decompressive lumbar laminectomy. The purpose of this study was to report long-term clinical and radiological outcomes of central decompressive laminoplasty (CDL), the corresponding author's own modification of lumbar laminectomy for lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). METHODS: Among 100 patients who underwent CDL by a single surgeon between December 2010 and March 2014, 68 patients were included in this study. Mean follow-up time was 37...
September 2017: Korean Journal of Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986051/effect-of-intermediate-dose-dexamethasone-on-post-operative-pain-in-lumbar-spine-surgery-a-randomized-triple-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#14
Aumjit Wittayapairoj, Kriangkrai Wittayapairoj, Atiporn Kulawong, Yuwadee Huntula
OBJECTIVES: Dexamethasone has demonstrated analgesic properties and is used as an adjunctive pain agent for many procedures. We evaluated the efficacy of a single, intermediate dose of dexamethasone on post-operative analgesic consumption, and pain scores for lumbar spine surgery. METHODS: Eighty patients aged between 18 and 70 scheduled for lumbar decompressive laminectomy were randomly allocated into two groups to receive either intravenous 0.2 mg/kg dexamethasone (group D = 40) or normal saline (group P = 40) before anesthetic induction...
September 18, 2017: Asian J Anesthesiol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973650/bupivacaine-field-block-with-clonidine-for-postoperative-pain-control-in-posterior-spine-approaches-a-randomized-double-blind-trial
#15
Joe Abdel Hay, Sandra Kobaiter-Maarrawi, Patrick Tabet, Ronald Moussa, Tony Rizk, Georges Nohra, Nabil Okais, Elie Samaha, Jospeh Maarrawi
BACKGROUND: The synergistic effect of clonidine with bupivacaine, well established in peripheral nerve blocks, remains controversial in local field block for postoperative analgesia. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the potential analgesic benefit of adding clonidine to bupivacaine during preincisional field block in posterior approaches for spine surgeries. METHODS: Two hundred twenty-five patients were enrolled in this study and underwent lumbar spinal fusion (n = 80), lumbar laminectomy (n = 25), lumbar microdiscectomy (n = 94), or cervical laminectomy (n = 26)...
July 21, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973581/establishing-minimal-clinically-important-difference-of-spinal-cord-stimulation-therapy-in-post-laminectomy-syndrome
#16
Alexandra R Paul, Vignessh Kumar, Steven Roth, M Reid Gooch, Julie G Pilitsis
BACKGROUND: The concept of minimum clinically important difference (MCID) has been shown to be effective in spine surgery to differentiate between clinically insignificant and significant improvements as determined by the patient. OBJECTIVE: The MCID for spinal cord stimulation (SCS) to date has not been established. We sought to determine the MCID for SCS therapy for failed laminectomy syndromes. METHODS: Preoperative and 6-mo outcomes were assessed prospectively, including the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and McGill and Visual Analog Survey questionnaires...
June 21, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966827/spontaneous-pseudomeningocele-associated-with-lumbar-spondylolisthesis-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
Gonçalo Novais, Bernardo Ratilal, Lia Pappamikail, Pedro Branco, Nuno Reis
BACKGROUND: Pseudomeningocele, an extradural collection of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), has only been rarely reported to occur spontaneously in conjunction with isthmic spondylolisthesis (with lysis) in the lumbar spine. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 68-year-old male presented with low back pain and neurogenic claudication of several years duration without any history of trauma, epidural spine injections, or spine surgery. Lumbosacral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a grade-I L4-L5 isthmic spondylolisthesis with spinal canal narrowing and a posterior paravertebral collection consistent with CSF...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951268/acute-bilateral-foot-drop-as-a-presenting-symptom-of-hemorrhagic-synovial-cyst-of-the-lumbar-spine
#18
Ali Börekci, Pınar Kuru Bektaşoğlu, Bora Gürer, Erhan Çelikoğlu
Acute bilateral foot drop is a rare clinical presentation. A 77-year-old male presented with acute bilateral weakness of the foot and ankle dorsiflexion. Magnetic resonance imaging of the lumbar spine revealed ligamentum flavum hypertrophy as well as a mass lesion that appeared hyperintense on T1-weighted images and hypointense on T2-weighted images. Emergent decompressive laminectomy and hemorrhagic synovial cyst excision were performed. Histopathological examination of the tissue revealed a synovial cyst with hemorrhage...
September 23, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944127/minimally-invasive-versus-open-laminectomy-discectomy-transforaminal-lumbar-and-posterior-lumbar-interbody-fusions-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Allicia O Imada, Tridu R Huynh, Doniel Drazin
Minimally invasive spine surgeries (MISS) are becoming increasingly favored as alternatives to open spine procedures because of the reduced blood loss, postoperative pain, and recovery time. Studies have shown mixed results regarding the efficacy and safety of minimally invasive procedures compared to the traditional, open counterparts. The objectives of this systematic analysis are to compare clinical outcomes between the three MISS and open procedures: (1) laminectomy/discectomy, (2) transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF), and (3) posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF)...
July 18, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928572/comparison-of-bupivacaine-plus-magnesium-sulfate-and-ropivacaine-plus-magnesium-sulfate-infiltration-for-postoperative-analgesia-in-patients-undergoing-lumbar-laminectomy-a-randomized-double-blinded-study
#20
Rajib Hazarika, Samit Parua, Dipika Choudhury, Rajesh Kumar Barooah
AIM: The objective of this study was to assess and compare the analgesic duration of local infiltration of bupivacaine plus magnesium sulfate and ropivacaine plus magnesium sulfate for postoperative analgesia in patients undergoing lumbar laminectomy. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized, prospective, double-blinded single hospital, comparative study. METHODS: Sixty adult patients of the American Society of Anesthesiologists physical Status I and II were randomly allocated into two Groups BM and RM, comprising 30 and 31 patients...
July 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
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