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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527355/antimycotic-activity-of-fengycin-c-biosurfactant-and-its-interaction-with-phosphatidylcholine-model-membranes
#1
Lina María González-Jaramillo, Francisco José Aranda, José Antonio Teruel, Valeska Villegas-Escobar, Antonio Ortiz
Lipopeptide biosurfactants constitute one of the most promising groups of compounds for the treatment and prevention of fungal diseases in plants. Bacillus subtilis strain EA-CB0015 produces iturin A, fengycin C and surfactin and it has been proven useful for the treatment of black Sigatoka disease in banana plants, an important pathology caused by the fungus Mycosphaerella fijiensis (Morelet). We have found that B. subtilis EA-CB0015 cell free supernatants and purified fractions inhibit M. fijiensis cellular growth...
May 10, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515996/dermoscopy-of-alopecia-areata-a-retrospective-analysis
#2
Abhijeet K Jha, Uday K Udayan, P K Roy, Amar K J Amar, R K P Chaudhary
BACKGROUND: Dermoscopy devices can overcome the refractive properties of stratum corneum by interface medium or cross polarization such that the lesion can be easily seen. AIM: To examine the dermoscopic feature in alopecia areata and correlate the severity of disease with dermoscopic features. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 72 patients suffering from alopecia areata (AA), irrespective of age and sex, who visited the dermatology outpatient department of a tertiary care center in Eastern India was carried out...
April 2017: Dermatology Practical & Conceptual
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514845/in-vivo-mercury-demethylation-in-marine-fish
#3
Xun Wang, Fengchang Wu, Wen-Xiong Wang
Mercury (Hg) in fish has attracted public attention for decades, and methylmercury (MeHg) is the predominant form in fish. However, the in vivo MeHg demethylation and its influence on Hg status in fish have not been well addressed. The present study investigated the in vivo demethylation process in a marine fish (black seabream, Acanthopagrus schlegeli) under dietary MeHg exposure and depuration, and quantified the biotransformation and inter-organ transportation of MeHg by developing a physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model...
May 18, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507886/racial-disparities-in-elderly-patients-receiving-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-surgery
#4
Doniel Drazin, Faris Shweikeh, Carlito Lagman, Beatrice Ugiliweneza, Maxwell Boakye
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate for racial disparities in elderly patients having undergone lumbar spinal stenosis surgery. METHODS: The US Medicare Provider Analysis and Review database (records from 2005 to 2011) was used to identify patients over the age of 65 years, diagnosed with lumbar spinal stenosis, and having undergone lumbar laminectomy or fusion surgery. Blacks were compared to Whites in both unmatched and propensity score-matched populations...
April 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506903/ethnozoological-assessment-of-animals-used-by-mon-traditional-medicine-vendors-at-kyaiktiyo-myanmar
#5
Vincent Nijman, Chris R Shepherd
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Wild animals are widely used in traditional Asian medicine but information from Myanmar is lacking. We show that a wide range of animals are used at a pilgrimage site, mostly for their rendered fats and oils to be used in mixed concoctions. The majority of species were sold to be used to treat aching joints, muscle ache and skin diseases. AIM OF THE STUDY: To assess wildlife for sale for medicinal purposes, and document their medicinal use at Kyaiktiyo, a pilgrimage site at a 1100m tall mountain, with many of the pilgrims climbing to the top...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505979/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of%C3%A2-prevalence-studies-of-sporadic-inclusion-body-myositis
#6
Aoife Callan, Gorana Capkun, Vijayalakshmi Vasanthaprasad, Rita Freitas, Merrilee Needham
BACKGROUND: Sporadic Inclusion Body Myositis (sIBM) is a rare and slowly progressive debilitating muscle disease with symptoms generally developing≥50 years of age. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of the prevalence of sIBM literature, including a methodological quality assessment of the selected papers. METHODS: A systematic search of Medline, Embase, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews and major Myositis and Neurological conferences was conducted...
May 6, 2017: Journal of Neuromuscular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502398/correlations-between-individual-susceptibility-to-visually-induced-motion-sickness-and-decaying-time-constant-of-after-nystagmus
#7
Coco C T Guo, Daniel J Z Chen, Isabella Y Wei, Richard H Y So, Raymond T F Cheung
This study examines the correlations between optokinetic after-nystagmus (OKAN) parameters and individual susceptibility to visually induced motion sickness (VIMS). Twenty-seven participants were exposed to vertical black-and-white stripes drifting along the yaw axis at 60° per second for 30 min to collect individual VIMS data (Phase 1). Two weeks after the exposure, OKANs were measured (Phase 2). 19 out of 27 participants (i.e., 70%) exhibited consistent OKAN patterns. Significant correlations between the time constants of OKAN and levels of VIMS experienced by the same viewers were found...
September 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500661/is-mealworm-or-shrimp-allergy-indicative-for-food-allergy-to-insects
#8
Henrike Chp Broekman, André C Knulst, Govardus de Jong, Marco Gaspari, Constance F den Hartog Jager, Geert F Houben, Kitty Cm Verhoeckx
SCOPE: The growing world population is a key driver for the exploration of sustainable protein sources to ensure food security. Mealworm and other insects are promising candidates. Previously we found that shrimp allergic patients are at risk for mealworm allergy, and that mealworm can induce a primary allergy 3.This study set out to investigate the allergenic potential of edible insects, suggested for human consumption by agencies such as WHO/FAO, in both the shrimp (potentially cross-reactive) and primary mealworm allergic population...
May 12, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498017/dietary-supplements-as-surrogate-of-mediterranean-diet-in-healthy-smoking-subjects
#9
Sonya Vasto, Giulia Accardi, Anna Aiello, Francesca Di Gaudio, Annalisa Barera, Serena Indelicato, Damiano Galimberti, Emilio Italiano, Roberto Monastero, Claudia Rizzo, Calogero Caruso, Giuseppina Candore
The interventions to slow ageing, favouring active life expectancy, represent the new perspectives in ageing investigation. Some mechanisms that delay or prevent the onset of ageing pathologies have been identified. Between them, a healthy lifestyle seems to reduce many risk factors. In particular, eating habits represent the most concrete, low cost way to act on ageing process. Mediterranean diet has received much attention since it has been consistently demonstrated its anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory effects...
May 12, 2017: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496933/internet-survey-health-screening-in-sports
#10
Margaret Wang, Gloria Wu, Vidhya Gunasekaran, Victor Chen, Akash Vani, Don Kim
While cardiovascular screening protocols exist, they have been focused on teenaged and college aged athletes versus adult athletes. To assess community awareness of health screening as related to adult athletes, we have created an internet questionnaire (QN). The survey was posted through social media (e.g. Facebook, Reddit, Flotrack and Active), for 11 months, that queried sports history, medical history, and symptoms while playing sports. A total of 3,750 respondents (R) answered the questionnaire, 2,776 male and 974 female...
October 2016: Journal of Atrial Fibrillation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493329/risk-to-heroin-users-of-polydrug-use-of-pregabalin-or-gabapentin
#11
Abigail Lyndon, Suzanne Audrey, Claudia Wells, Erica S Burnell, Suzanne Ingle, Rob Hill, Matthew Hickman, Graeme Henderson
AIM: To examine the risk to heroin users of also using gabapentin or pregabalin (gabapentoids). DESIGN: Multi-disciplinary study: we (a) examined trends in drug-related deaths and gabapentoid prescription data in England and Wales to test for evidence that any increase in deaths mentioning gabapentin or pregabalin is associated with trends in gabapentoid prescribing and is concomitant with opioid use; (b) interviewed people with a history of heroin use about their polydrug use involving gabapentin and pregabalin; and (c) studied the respiratory depressant effects of pregabalin in the absence and presence of morphine in mice to determine whether concomitant exposure increased the degree of respiratory depression observed...
May 10, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492777/tuberculosis-and-diabetes-probabilistic-linkage-of-databases-to-study-the-association-between-both-diseases
#12
Ricardo Gadelha de Abreu, Artur Iuri Alves de Sousa, Maria Regina Fernandes de Oliveira, Mauro Niskier Sanchez
OBJECTIVE: to describe the profile of cases of tuberculosis and diabetes comorbidity in Brazil. METHODS: this is a descriptive study with data from the Brazilian Information System for Notifiable Diseases - tuberculosis (Sinan-TB) and from the System of Registration and Monitoring of Hypertension and Diabetes Mellitus (Hiperdia), from 2007 to 2011; probabilistic linkage was carried out with Reclink software. RESULTS: 24,443 cases of comorbidity were found, including 3,181 cases not registered on Sinan-TB; of the total number of recovered cases, mostly were males (57...
April 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489900/scanning-double-sided-documents-without-incurring-show-through-by-learning-to-fuse-two-complementary-images-using-multilayer-perceptron
#13
Yuzhong Chen
This paper presents a novel method for scanning duplex-printed documents without incurring the unwanted show-through artifact. The proposed method achieves the goal of eliminating the leaked-out reverse-side content by fusing a white backed scan image with a black backed scan image of the document. The fusion is accomplished using a multilayer perceptron having learned a fusion mapping from manually corrected document images. The main novel contributions of this work include (1) being the first to propose to accomplish the goal of show through free scanning by fusing a white backed scan image with a black backed scan image of the document; (2) proposing a learning approach using a multilayer perceptron to learn the fusion mapping from manually corrected scan images; and (3) proposing to use the pixel value histogram of reverse-side-printed area as well as the pixel value histogram of duplex-printed area to quantitatively indicate show through severity to facilitate objective comparison of the methods in consideration...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486582/binge-drinking-modifies-the-association-between-lifetime-alcohol-intake-and-breast-cancer-risk-in-moderate-drinkers
#14
Alexandra J White, Lisa A DeRoo, Clarice R Weinberg, Dale P Sandler
The prevalence of binge drinking is rising in the United States. While alcohol is a breast cancer risk factor, less is known about the impact of episodic heavy drinking. Breast cancer-free women, ages 35-74, were enrolled in the Sister Study from 2003-2009 (n = 50,884). United States or Puerto Rico residents who had a sister with breast cancer were eligible. Multivariable Cox regression was used to estimate adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for breast cancer. 1,843 invasive breast cancers were diagnosed during follow-up (mean = 6...
May 9, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479657/striking-back-against-racist-violence-in-the-east-end-of-london-1968-1970
#15
Stephen Ashe, Satnam Virdee, Laurence Brown
This article tells the hitherto untold story of how different Pakistani organisations mobilised in response to racist violence and harassment in the east London Borough of Tower Hamlets (1968-1970). In telling this story, the authors analyse the problematic nature of official and public understandings of, and responses to, racist violence, and how it distorted the lives of racialised minorities. Drawing on original archival research carried out in 2014, this piece identifies the emergence of two distinct political repertoires from within the Pakistani community: the integrationist approach and the autonomous approach...
July 2016: Race & Class
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478966/a-rare-case-of-multiple-brain-abscess-and-probably-disseminated-phaeohyphomycosis-due-to-cladophialophora-bantiana-in-an-immunosuppressed-individual-from-india
#16
S Lahiri Mukhopadhyay, A Mahadevan, V H Bahubali, R Dawn Bharath, A R Prabhuraj, S Maji, N Siddaiah
Cladophialophora bantiana, a dematiaceous neurotropic mold causes rare and lethal brain abscess, commonly in immunocompetent hosts. We report a rare and probably a case of disseminated infection with this black mold in an immunosuppressed individual from India. A 55-year-old diabetic male presented with severe headache, blurred-vision, behavioural abnormalities, eye-pain and ear-discharge. He was undergoing treatment for hypertension, prostatomegaly and obstructive pulmonary disease. He was on steroids for the past six years for uveitis...
May 3, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470311/size-and-strain-tunable-band-alignment-of-black-blue-phosphorene-lateral-heterostructures
#17
Yan Li, Fei Ma
Single-element lateral heterostructures composed of black and blue phosphorene are not only free from lattice mismatch but also exhibit rich physical properties related to the seamlessly stitched interfaces, providing the building blocks for designing atomically thin devices. Using first-principles calculations, we investigate the influence of interface structure, size effect and strain engineering on the electronic structure, effective masses and band alignment of black-blue phosphorene lateral heterostructures...
May 17, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467184/multilocus-genetic-characterization-of-lactobacillus-fermentum-isolated-from-ready-to-eat-canned-food
#18
Irshad M Sulaiman, Emily Jacobs, Steven Simpson, Khalil Kerdahi
The primary mission of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration is to enforce the Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act and regulate food, drug, and cosmetic products. Thus, this agency monitors the presence of pathogenic microorganisms in these products, including canned foods, as one of the regulatory action criteria and also ensures that these products are safe for human consumption. This study was carried out to investigate the effectiveness of pathogen control and integrity of ready-to-eat canned food containing Black Bean Corn Poblano Salsa...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463626/responses-of-juvenile-black-tailed-prairie-dogs-cynomys-ludovicianus-to-a-commercially-produced-oral-plague-vaccine-delivered-at-two-doses
#19
Elsa M Cárdenas-Canales, Lisa L Wolfe, Daniel W Tripp, Tonie E Rocke, Rachel C Abbott, Michael W Miller
We confirmed safety and immunogenicity of mass-produced vaccine baits carrying an experimental, commercial-source plague vaccine (RCN-F1/V307) expressing Yersinia pestis V and F1 antigens. Forty-five juvenile black-tailed prairie dogs ( Cynomys ludovicianus ) were randomly divided into three treatment groups (n=15 animals/group). Animals in the first group received one standard-dose vaccine bait (5×10(7) plaque-forming units [pfu]; STD). The second group received a lower-dose bait (1×10(7) pfu; LOW). In the third group, five animals received two standard-dose baits and 10 were left untreated but in contact...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460902/arsenic-speciation-in-brazilian-rice-grains-organically-and-traditionally-cultivated-is-there-any-difference-in-arsenic-content
#20
Fabiana Roberta Segura, Juliana Maria de Oliveira Souza, Eloísa Silva De Paula, Airton da Cunha Martins, Ana Carolina Cavalheiro Paulelli, Fernando Barbosa, Bruno Lemos Batista
Inorganic arsenic contamination in rice is a global public concern due to the risks associated. In spite of being an important issue, few studies concerning differences between inorganic arsenic in rice grains under organic and conventional methods of cultivation are available in Brazil, which is an important producer and consumer. In the present work, samples of polished and husked rice (organic and conventional) and gastronomic rice (Arborio, Carnaroli and red/black rice) were analyzed and the results compared to FAO/Codex maximum limits...
November 2016: Food Research International
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