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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633633/utilization-and-farmers-knowledge-on-pigeonpea-diversity-in-benin-west-africa
#1
Mathieu Anatole Tele Ayenan, Agyemang Danquah, Léonard Essehou Ahoton, Kwadwo Ofori
BACKGROUND: Understanding factors driving farmers' uses of crop genetic resources is a key component not only to design appropriate conservation strategies but also to promote sustainable production. However, in Benin, limited information is available on farmers' knowledge related to pigeonpea uses and conservation. This study aimed at i) identifying and investigating the different uses of pigeonpea in relation with socio-cultural factors, namely age, gender, ethnic group and respondents' residence, ii) assessing pigeonpea varieties richness at household level and iii) evaluating the extent and distribution of pigeonpea varieties...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633053/the-major-alternaria-alternata-allergen-alt-a-1-a-reliable-and-specific-marker-of-fungal-contamination-in-citrus-fruits
#2
M F Gabriel, N Uriel, F Teifoori, I Postigo, E Suñén, J Martínez
The ubiquitously present spores of Alternaria alternata can spoil a wide variety of foodstuffs, including a variety of fruits belonging to the Citrus genus. The major allergenic protein of A. alternata, Alt a 1, is a species-specific molecular marker that has been strongly associated with allergenicity and phytopathogenicity of this fungal species. This study aimed to evaluate the potential of the detection of Alt a 1 as a reliable indicator of A. alternata contamination in citrus fruits. To accomplish this aim, sixty oranges were artificially infected with a spore suspension of A...
June 8, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622845/black-truffle-a-hermaphrodite-with-forced-unisexual-behaviour
#3
Marc-André Selosse, Laure Schneider-Maunoury, Elisa Taschen, François Rousset, Franck Richard
The life cycle of the black truffle (Tuber melanosporum) includes a mating before sporulation: although the species is hermaphroditic, mating turns out to involve parents with very different features, that mostly behave as male or female only, suggesting that this species undergoes forced dioecism.
June 13, 2017: Trends in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617584/tunability-of-the-quantum-spin-hall-effect-in-bi-110-films-effects-of-electric-field-and-strain-engineering
#4
Sheng-Shi Li, Wei-Xiao Ji, Ping Li, Shu-Jun Hu, Li Cai, Chang-Wen Zhang, Shi-Shen Yan
The quantum spin Hall (QSH) effect is promising for achieving dissipationless transport devices due to their robust gapless edge states inside insulating bulk gap. However, the currently discussed QSH insulators usually suffer from ultrahigh vacuum or low temperature due to the small bulk gap, which limits their practical applications. Searching for large-gap QSH insulators is highly desirable. Here, the tunable QSH state of a Bi(110) films with a black phosphorus (BP) structure, which is robust against structural deformation and electric field, is explored by first-principles calculations...
June 15, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614709/cytoplasmic-dynein-transports-axonal-microtubules-in-a-polarity-sorting-manner
#5
Anand N Rao, Ankita Patil, Mark M Black, Erin M Craig, Kenneth A Myers, Howard T Yeung, Peter W Baas
Axonal microtubules are predominantly organized into a plus-end-out pattern. Here, we tested both experimentally and with computational modeling whether a motor-based polarity-sorting mechanism can explain this microtubule pattern. The posited mechanism centers on cytoplasmic dynein transporting plus-end-out and minus-end-out microtubules into and out of the axon, respectively. When cytoplasmic dynein was acutely inhibited, the bi-directional transport of microtubules in the axon was disrupted in both directions, after which minus-end-out microtubules accumulated in the axon over time...
June 13, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610400/shammah-smokeless-tobacco-and-public-health
#6
Abdulsallam Bakdash
Shammah is a preparation of smokeless tobacco (ST) that is frequently used in the Arabian Peninsula, especially in Saudi Arabia. A mixture of powdered tobacco, lime, ash, black pepper, oils and flavorings, shammah in is placed in the buccal cavity or lower labial vestibule of the mouth. The user (or dipper) spits out insoluble debris. ST is linked to a number of harmful effects such as dental disease, oral cancer, oesophagus cancer, and pancreas cancer. It also causes adverse reproductive effects including stillbirth, premature birth and low birth weight...
May 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605579/treating-sub-valence-correlation-effects-in-domain-based-pair-natural-orbital-coupled-cluster-calculations-an-out-of-the-box-approach
#7
Giovanni Bistoni, Christoph Riplinger, Yury Minenkov, Luigi Cavallo, Alexander A Auer, Frank Neese
The validity of the main approximations used in canonical and domain based pair natural orbital coupled cluster methods (CCSD(T) and DLPNO-CCSD(T), respectively) in standard chemical applications is discussed. In particular, we investigate the dependence of the results on the number of electrons included in the correlation treatment in frozen-core (FC) calculations and on the main threshold governing the accuracy of DLPNO all-electron (AE) calculations. Initially, scalar relativistic orbital energies for the ground state of the atoms from Li to Rn in the periodic table are calculated...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604565/droxidopa-for-symptomatic-neurogenic-hypotension
#8
Nadia Ferguson-Myrthil
Droxidopa is a first-in-class, orally available, synthetic amino acid precursor of norepinephrine that received accelerated Food and Drug Administration approval in February 2014 after Orphan Drug status for a debilitating condition known as symptomatic neurogenic orthostatic hypotension. Neurogenic disorders often lead to postural hypotension as a result of poor norepinephrine release from its storage sites. Clinical data suggest increases in standing systolic blood pressure and improvements in many other markers for subjective relief in patients with symptomatic neurogenic hypotension who received droxidopa therapy over 1-2 weeks...
May 4, 2017: Cardiology in Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601959/visibility-analysis-of-fire-lookout-towers-in-the-boyabat-state-forest-enterprise-in-turkey
#9
Omer Kucuk, Ozer Topaloglu, Arif Oguz Altunel, Mehmet Cetin
For a successful fire suppression, it is essential to detect and intervene forest fires as early as possible. Fire lookout towers are crucial assets in detecting forest fires, in addition to other technological advancements. In this study, we performed a visibility analysis on a network of fire lookout towers currently operating in a relatively fire-prone region in Turkey's Western Black Sea region. Some of these towers had not been functioning properly; it was proposed that these be taken out of the grid and replaced with new ones...
July 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591347/factors-associated-with-self-reported-diabetes-according-to-the-2013-national-health-survey
#10
Deborah Carvalho Malta, Regina Tomie Ivata Bernal, Betine Pinto Moehlecke Iser, Célia Landmann Szwarcwald, Bruce Bartholow Duncan, Maria Inês Schmidt
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the factors associated with self-reported diabetes among adult participants of the National Health Survey (PNS). METHODS: Cross-sectional study using data of the PNS carried out in 2013, from interviews with adults (≥ 18 years) of 64,348 Brazilian households. The prevalence of self-reported diabetes, assessed by the question "Has a doctor ever told you that you have diabetes?," was related to sociodemographic characteristics, lifestyle, self-reported chronic disease, and self-evaluation of the health condition...
June 1, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584372/hypersensitive-reaction-to-tattoos-a-growing-menace-in-rural-india
#11
B M Shashikumar, M R Harish, B Shwetha, M Kavya, K Deepadarshan, H N Phani
BACKGROUND: Increased enthusiasm toward newer fashion trends among rural India along with the lack of government regulation has led to increased tattoo reactions. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to describe various clinical manifestations of hypersensitive reactions to tattoo ink reported at a tertiary care hospital in Mandya district. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An observational study was carried out over a period of 1 year from June 2014 to May 2015 at Mandya Institute of Medical Sciences, Mandya...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582748/mediational-influence-of-spent-mushroom-compost-on-phytoremediation-of-black-oil-hydrocarbon-polluted-soil-and-response-of-megathyrsus-maximus-jacq
#12
Michael Dare Asemoloye, Segun Gbolagade Jonathan, Adeniyi A Jayeola, Rafiq Ahmad
Ability of a plant to develop different adaptive strategies can also determine its capability for effective soil remediation. In this study, influence of spent mushroom compost (SMC) was tested on the phytoremediation of black oil hydrocarbon polluted soil and the response of Megathyrsus maximus (guinea grass). Studies were carried out in microcosm conditions by mixing different concentration of SMC viz., 10, 20, 30 and 40% in a 5 kg of contaminated soil along with control. Seeds of M. maximus was sown in tray for two weeks and allowed to grow for height of 10 cm and transplanted in to the different experimental pots...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582260/a-personalized-self-management-rehabilitation-system-for-stroke-survivors-a-quantitative-gait-analysis-using-a-smart-insole
#13
Richard John Davies, Jack Parker, Paul McCullagh, Huiru Zheng, Chris Nugent, Norman David Black, Susan Mawson
BACKGROUND: In the United Kingdom, stroke is the single largest cause of adult disability and results in a cost to the economy of £8.9 billion per annum. Service needs are currently not being met; therefore, initiatives that focus on patient-centered care that promote long-term self-management for chronic conditions should be at the forefront of service redesign. The use of innovative technologies and the ability to apply these effectively to promote behavior change are paramount in meeting the current challenges...
November 8, 2016: JMIR Rehabil Assist Technol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578085/assault-in-children-admitted-to-trauma-centers-injury-patterns-and-outcomes-from-a-5-year-review-of-the-national-trauma-data-bank
#14
Galinos Barmparas, Navpreet K Dhillon, Eric J T Smith, James M Tatum, Rex Chung, Nicolas Melo, Eric J Ley, Daniel R Margulies
IMPORTANCE: While assault is commonly reported or suspected in children with traumatic wounds, a recent overview of these injuries, especially those requiring trauma surgery consultation is lacking in the literature. OBJECTIVES: Explore the incidence, demographics and injury patterns of children presenting to trauma centers following an assault. DESIGN: Retrospective review of the National Trauma Data Bank 2007 to 2011. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Subjects up to 18 years old with "assault" reported as the intent of injury...
May 31, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576457/sugar-and-amino-acid-preference-in-the-black-garden-ant-lasius-niger-l
#15
Natalia E L Madsen, Peter B Sørensen, Joachim Offenberg
The mutualistic relationship that ant Lasius niger (L.) establishes with trophobiotic homopterans makes this ant an unwelcome host in commercial crops, as ants improve the survival of homopteran pests from which they collect honeydew as a source of carbohydrates. Because the offering of alternative sugar sources can be used to disrupt this relationship, the present study explored L. niger's preference towards sugar and amino acid components that may be used in sugar solutions to increase their attractiveness...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Insect Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575840/typing-dna-profiles-from-previously-enhanced-fingerprints-using-direct-pcr
#16
Jennifer E L Templeton, Duncan Taylor, Oliva Handt, Adrian Linacre
Fingermarks are a source of human identification both through the ridge patterns and DNA profiling. Typing nuclear STR DNA markers from previously enhanced fingermarks provides an alternative method of utilising the limited fingermark deposit that can be left behind during a criminal act. Dusting with fingerprint powders is a standard method used in classical fingermark enhancement and can affect DNA data. The ability to generate informative DNA profiles from powdered fingerprints using direct PCR swabs was investigated...
May 21, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569542/-racial-bias-in-mock-juror-decision-making-a-meta-analytic-review-of-defendant-treatment-correction-to-mitchell-et-al-2005
#17
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Racial Bias in Mock Juror Decision-Making: A Meta-Analytic Review of Defendant Treatment" by Tara L. Mitchell, Ryann M. Haw, Jeffrey E. Pfeifer and Christian A. Meissner (Law and Human Behavior, 2005[Dec], Vol 29[6], 621-637). In the article, all of the numbers in Appendix A were correct, but the signs were reversed for z' in a number of studies, which are listed. Also, in Appendix B, some values were incorrect, some signs were reversed, and some values were missing. The corrected appendix is included...
June 2017: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561382/differences-in-lip-support-with-and-without-labial-flanges-in-a-maxillary-edentulous-population-part-3-unblinded-and-discriminatory-subjective-analysis
#18
Avinash S Bidra, Viensuong Nguyen, Anna Manzotti, Chia-Ling Kuo
PURPOSE: To study the subjective differences in direct lip support assessments and to determine if dentists and laypeople are able to discern and correctly identify direct changes in lip support between flange and flangeless dentures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A random sample of 20 maxillary edentulous patients described in part 2 of the study was used for analysis. A total of 60 judges comprising 15 general dentists, 15 prosthodontists, and 30 laypeople, the majority of who were distinct from part 2 of the study, were recruited...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560638/induction-of-fungal-laccase-production-under-solid-state-bioprocessing-of-new-agroindustrial-waste-and-its-application-on-dye-decolorization
#19
Merve Akpinar, Raziye Ozturk Urek
Lignocellulosic wastes are generally produced in huge amounts worldwide. Peach waste of these obtained from fruit juice industry was utilized as the substrate for laccase production by Pleurotus eryngii under solid state bioprocessing (SSB). Its chemical composition was determined and this bioprocess was carried out under stationary conditions at 28 °C. The effects of different compounds; copper, iron, Tween 80, ammonium nitrate and manganese, and their variable concentrations on laccase production were investigated in detail...
June 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555010/adaptive-data-aggregation-and-compression-to-improve-energy-utilization-in-solar-powered-wireless-sensor-networks
#20
Ikjune Yoon, Hyeok Kim, Dong Kun Noh
A node in a solar-powered wireless sensor network (WSN) collects energy when the sun shines and stores it in a battery or capacitor for use when no solar power is available, in particular at night. In our scheme, each tiny node in a WSN periodically determines its energy budget, which takes into account its residual energy, and its likely acquisition and consumption. If it expects to acquire more energy than it can store, the data which has it has sensed is aggregated with data from other nodes, compressed, and transmitted...
May 27, 2017: Sensors
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