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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791563/insects-galls-of-pantanal-areas-in-the-state-of-mato-grosso-do-sul-brazil-characterization-and-occurrence
#1
Sharlene Ascendino, Valéria C Maia
Two Pantanal areas were investigated in Corumbá, Mato Grosso do Sul. The field works were carried out in five trails, in August and December/2011 and April/2012. Seventy-six gall morphotypes were found in 52 host plants, 22 of them were identified at species level and 30 at genus. Fabaceae, Myrtaceae and Sapindaceae were the plant families with the greatest richness of gall. Leaves were the plant organ with the greatest gall richness. Six gall shapes were found - globoid, lenticular, fusiform, cylindrical, conical, and marginal roll...
May 17, 2018: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787700/predictors-of-excess-birth-weight-in-brazil-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Sandra Ana Czarnobay, Caroline Kroll, Lidiane F Schultz, Juliana Malinovski, Silmara Salete de Barros Silva Mastroeni, Marco Fabio Mastroeni
OBJECTIVE: To describe the main predictors for excess birth weight in Brazilian children. DATA SOURCES: Systematic review carried out in the bibliographic databases: PubMed/MEDLINE, Cochrane, Scopus, Web of Science, and LILACS. The research in the gray literature was performed using the Google Scholar database. The bias risk analysis was adapted from the Downs and Black scale, used to evaluate the methodology of the included studies. DATA SYNTHESIS: Using the classifications of fetal macrosomia (>4000g or ≥4000g) and large for gestational age (above the 90th percentile), 64 risk factors for excess birth weight were found in 33 scientific articles in the five regions of the country...
May 19, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785445/acoustically-enhanced-photodetection-by-a-black-phosphorus-mos-2-van-der-waals-heterojunction-p-n-diode
#3
Shijun Zheng, Enxiu Wu, Zhihong Feng, Rao Zhang, Yuan Xie, Yuanyuan Yu, Rui Zhang, Quanning Li, Jing Liu, Wei Pang, Hao Zhang, Daihua Zhang
We developed a new way to enhance the photoresponsivity of a van der Waals heterojunction p-n diode using surface acoustic waves (SAWs). The diode was constructed on top of a piezoelectric LiNbO3 substrate and composed of p-type black phosphorus (BP) and n-type molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) flakes that partly overlapped with each other. This layout facilitated the applied SAWs to rapidly drive carriers out of the depletion region. In this structural design, SAWs promoted the separation of photogenerated carriers, and thus greatly increased the photocurrent...
May 22, 2018: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782304/role-of-in-vivo-reflectance-confocal-microscopy-in-the-analysis-of-melanocytic-lesions
#4
Elena-Daniela Serban, Francesca Farnetani, Giovanni Pellacani, Maria Magdalena Constantin
Worldwide melanoma incidence and mortality are increasing (1). Despite the ongoing research, advanced melanoma is still incurable; therefore, the most appropriate solution seems to be early detection combined with complete surgical excision (2). Since the diagnostic protocol of suspicious lesions includes a complete excision with safety margins (2), the problem of unnecessary scarring is significant. The real challenge in this case is to have a properly formulated diagnosis before acquiring a biopsy. Currently available non-invasive techniques are coherence tomography, digital dermoscopy, and reflectance confocal microscopy...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779843/sociodemographic-determinants-of-non-accidental-traumatic-injuries-in-children
#5
Omar Nunez Lopez, Byron D Hughes, Deepak Adhikari, Kari Williams, Ravi S Radhakrishnan, Kanika A Bowen-Jallow
BACKGROUND: Traumatic injuries account for 18% of child abuse cases and 1680 children die from abuse annually. We set out to determine the impact of sociodemographic characteristics on resource utilization and outcomes in nonaccidental trauma (NAT). METHODS: We used the Kid's Inpatient Database to identify children with two main subgroups of child abuse diagnoses: NAT and other forms of child abuse. Income was represented by quartiles. Statistical analysis included descriptive statistics and regression analyses...
May 12, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776559/angioedema-in-heart-failure-patients-treated-with-sacubitril-valsartan-lcz696-or-enalapril-in-the-paradigm-hf-study
#6
Victor Shi, Michele Senni, Hendrik Streefkerk, Vikas Modgill, Wenchun Zhou, Allen Kaplan
BACKGROUND: PARADIGM-HF demonstrated significant clinical benefits for sacubitril/valsartan (LCZ696, an angiotensin receptor neprilysin inhibitor) versus the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) enalapril in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction. As inhibition of ACE, and co-inhibition of ACE and neprilysin, may increase the risk of angioedema, this was an adverse event of special interest. METHODS: Following sequential enalapril and sacubitril/valsartan run-ins, patients were randomized to twice-daily sacubitril/valsartan 200 mg or enalapril 10 mg...
August 1, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775426/impact-of-a-native-streptomyces-flavovirens-from-mushroom-compost-on-green-mold-control-and-yield-of-agaricus-bisporus
#7
Ljiljana Šantrić, Ivana Potočnik, Ljiljana Radivojević, Jelena Gajić Umiljendić, Emil Rekanović, Bojan Duduk, Svetlana Milijašević-Marčić
Thirty-five actinobacterial isolates, obtained from button mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) substrates (i.e., compost in different phases of composting, black peat or casing layer) in Serbia in 2014-2016 were tested in vitro against the causal agents of green mold in cultivated mushroom. Out of six most promising isolates, A06 induced 42.4% in vitro growth inhibition of Trichoderma harzianum T54, and 27.6% inhibition of T. aggressivum f. europaeum T77. The novel strain A06 was identified as Streptomyces flavovirens based on macroscopic and cultural characteristics and 16S rDNA sequence and used in mushroom growing room experiments...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768999/essentials-and-perspectives-of-computational-modelling-assistance-for-cns-oriented-nanoparticle-based-drug-delivery-systems
#8
Joanna Kisała, Kinga I Heclik, Krzysztof Pogocki, Dariusz Pogocki
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) is a complex system controlling two-way substances traffic between circulatory (cardiovascular) system and central nervous system (CNS). It is almost perfectly crafted to regulate brain homeostasis and to permit selective transport of molecules that are essential for brain function. For potential drug candidates, the CNS-oriented neuropharmaceuticals as well as for those of primary targets in the periphery, the extent to which a substance in the circulation gains access to the CNS seems crucial...
May 16, 2018: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767482/multicenter-clinical-trial-on-a-permanent-hair-dye-containing-paratoluenediamine
#9
Caterina Foti, Nicola Balato, Antonio Cristaudo, Cataldo Patruno, Paolo Pigatto, Marina Ambrifi, Tamara Bufano, Giovanni Damiani, Mariagrazia De Rocco, Marco Diani, Maddalena Napolitano, Paolo Romita
BACKGROUND: Adverse reactions to hair dyes are frequent and usually caused by sensitization to paraphenylenediamine (PPD). The aim of the study was to evaluate the tolerability of a PPD-free permanent hair dye (Shine On, BioNike, Milan, Italy) containing paratoluenediamine (PTD) in a group of subjects sensitized to PPD. METHODS: The trial, which carried out at four dermatology centers, included subjects sensitized to PPD that turned out negative to patch testing to PTD...
August 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765130/copy-number-variants-implicate-cardiac-function-and-development-pathways-in-earthquake-induced-stress-cardiomyopathy
#10
Cameron J Lacey, Kit Doudney, Paul G Bridgman, Peter M George, Roger T Mulder, Julie J Zarifeh, Bridget Kimber, Murray J Cadzow, Michael A Black, Tony R Merriman, Klaus Lehnert, Vivienne M Bickley, John F Pearson, Vicky A Cameron, Martin A Kennedy
The pathophysiology of stress cardiomyopathy (SCM), also known as takotsubo syndrome, is poorly understood. SCM usually occurs sporadically, often in association with a stressful event, but clusters of cases are reported after major natural disasters. There is some evidence that this is a familial condition. We have examined three possible models for an underlying genetic predisposition to SCM. Our primary study cohort consists of 28 women who suffered SCM as a result of two devastating earthquakes that struck the city of Christchurch, New Zealand, in 2010 and 2011...
May 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764868/systematic-review-of-rehabilitation-intervention-outcomes-of-adult-and-paediatric-patients-with-infectious-encephalitis
#11
Shanice Christie, Vincy Chan, Tatyana Mollayeva, Angela Colantonio
OBJECTIVE: Although a range of rehabilitation interventions have been applied to restore function after infectious encephalitis, there is a lack of literature summarising the benefits of these interventions. This systematic review aims to synthesise current scientific knowledge on outcome measures following rehabilitative interventions among children and adults with infectious encephalitis, with a specific focus on the influence of the age, sex, baseline status and intervention type. SEARCH STRATEGY: Five scholarly databases (MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials), three sources of grey literature (Google, Google Scholar and Grey Matters) and reference lists of included publications were systematically searched...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762528/performance-enhanced-activated-carbon-electrodes-for-supercapacitors-combining-both-graphene-modified-current-collectors-and-graphene-conductive-additive
#12
Rubing Wang, Yuting Qian, Weiwei Li, Shoupu Zhu, Fengkui Liu, Yufen Guo, Mingliang Chen, Qi Li, Liwei Liu
Graphene has been widely used in the active material, conductive agent, binder or current collector for supercapacitors, due to its large specific surface area, high conductivity, and electron mobility. However, works simultaneously employing graphene as conductive agent and current collector were rarely reported. Here, we report improved activated carbon (AC) electrodes (AC@G@NiF/G) simultaneously combining chemical vapor deposition (CVD) graphene-modified nickel foams (NiF/Gs) current collectors and high quality few-layer graphene conductive additive instead of carbon black (CB)...
May 15, 2018: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762486/identification-of-nutritional-components-in-black-sesame-determined-by-widely-targeted-metabolomics-and-traditional-chinese-medicines
#13
Dandan Wang, Liangxiao Zhang, Xiaorong Huang, Xiao Wang, Ruinan Yang, Jin Mao, Xuefang Wang, Xiupin Wang, Qi Zhang, Peiwu Li
Chemical composition of secondary metabolites is of great importance for quality control of agricultural products. Black sesame seeds are significantly more expensive than white sesame seeds, because it is thought that black sesame seeds are more beneficial to human health than white sesame seeds. However, the differences in nutrient composition between black sesame seeds and white sesame seeds are still unknown. The current study examined the levels of different metabolites in black and white sesame seeds via the use of a novel metabolomics strategy...
May 15, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758531/capture-swallowing-and-egestion-of-microplastics-by-a-planktivorous-juvenile-fish
#14
Nicolas Christian Ory, Camila Gallardo, Mark Lenz, Martin Thiel
Microplastics (<5 mm) have been found in many fish species, from most marine environments. However, the mechanisms underlying microplastic ingestion by fish are still unclear, although they are important to determine the pathway of microplastics along marine food webs. Here we conducted experiments in the laboratory to examine microplastic ingestion (capture and swallowing) and egestion by juveniles of the planktivorous palm ruff, Seriolella violacea (Centrolophidae). As expected, fish captured preferentially black microplastics, similar to food pellets, whereas microplastics of other colours (blue, translucent, and yellow) were mostly co-captured when floating close to food pellets...
May 11, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757415/insects-for-income-generation-through-animal-feed-effect-of-dietary-replacement-of-soybean-and-fish-meal-with-black-soldier-fly-meal-on-broiler-growth-and-economic-performance
#15
V O Onsongo, I M Osuga, C K Gachuiri, A M Wachira, D M Miano, C M Tanga, S Ekesi, D Nakimbugwe, K K M Fiaboe
The ever-increasing animal feed costs are driving many vulnerable communities involved in animal husbandry out of business. The high cost is mainly driven by the protein source, which represents the most expensive component in animal feed. In conventional feed, protein is obtained mainly from soybean and fish meal (SFM). The present study explored potential of partially replacing this SFM with black soldier fly prepupae meal (BSFPM) in Cobb 500 broiler chicken diets. A SFM-based diet was compared to three experimental diets formulated by partially substituting SFM with BSFPM at 13...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756353/effect-of-potassium-sorbate-e-202-and-the-antifungal-pgafp-protein-on-aspergillus-carbonarius-growth-and-ochratoxin-a-production-in-raisin-simulating-media
#16
Sihem Fodil, Josué Delgado, Leonardo Varvaro, Thaer Yaseen, Alicia Rodríguez
BACKGROUND: Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a mycotoxin produced by several species of Aspergillus and Penicillium fungi. The presence of OTA in raisins is mainly related to the black Aspergillus spp. contamination. This toxin poses risks to human and animal health due to their high toxicity and carcinogenicity. Therefore, new strategies to avoid the risk associated to OTA are necessary. RESULTS: In the present study, a comparison between the effects of the antifungal protein PgAFP and potassium sorbate (E-202), on the growth of Aspergillus carbonarius, biosynthetic- and stress-related gene expression and its OTA production at two water activity (aw ) levels 0...
May 13, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753984/a-novel-white-spot-syndrome-virus-protein-wssv164-controls-prophenoloxidases-pmpropos-in-shrimp-melanization-cascade
#17
Pakkakul Sangsuriya, Walaiporn Charoensapsri, Jantiwan Sutthangkul, Saengchan Senapin, Ikuo Hirono, Anchalee Tassanakajon, Piti Amparyup
Melanization, mediated by the prophenoloxidase (proPO)-activating system, is an important innate immune response in invertebrates. The implication of the proPO system in antiviral response and the suppression of host proPO activation by the viral protein have previously been demonstrated in shrimp. However, the molecular mechanism of viral-host interactions in the proPO cascade remains largely unexplored. Here, we characterized the viral protein, namely, WSSV164, which was initially identified from the forward suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH) cDNA library of the PmproPO1/2 co-silenced black tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon that was challenged with white spot syndrome virus (WSSV)...
May 4, 2018: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750893/disparities-in-initiation-of-direct-acting-antiviral-agents-for-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-in-an-insured-population
#18
Julia L Marcus, Leo B Hurley, Scott Chamberland, Jamila H Champsi, Laura C Gittleman, Daniel G Korn, Jennifer B Lai, Jennifer O Lam, Mary Pat Pauly, Charles P Quesenberry, Joanna Ready, Varun Saxena, Suk I Seo, David J Witt, Michael J Silverberg
OBJECTIVES: The cost of direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs) for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection may contribute to treatment disparities. However, few data exist on factors associated with DAA initiation. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of HCV-infected Kaiser Permanente Northern California members aged ≥18 during October 2014 to December 2016, using Poisson regression models to evaluate demographic, behavioral, and clinical factors associated with DAA initiation...
January 1, 2018: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750249/zolpidem-and-zolpidem-carboxylic-acid-results-from-medication-monitoring
#19
Sheng Feng, Oneka T Cummings, Gregory McIntire
Zolpidem (Ambien®) is one of the "Z" drugs often used to improve sleep in older patients and those suffering from insomnia. Schwope, D.M., DePriest, A., Black, D.L., Caplan, Y.H., Cone, E.J., Heltsley, R. (2014) Determing zolpidem compliance: urinary metabolite detection and prevalence in chronic pain patients . Journal of Analytical Toxicology, 38, 513-518 reported that zolpidem in urine is not very prevalent being present <23% of the time in patient urine while the major metabolite, zolpidem 4-phenyl carboxylic acid (ZCA), is much more prevalent in urine with positive rates as high as 50% of the patient samples reviewed...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749007/recent-progress-on-stability-and-passivation-of-black-phosphorus
#20
REVIEW
Yohannes Abate, Deji Akinwande, Sampath Gamage, Han Wang, Michael Snure, Nirakar Poudel, Stephen B Cronin
From a fundamental science perspective, black phosphorus (BP) is a canonical example of a material that possesses fascinating surface and electronic properties. It has extraordinary in-plane anisotropic electrical, optical, and vibrational states, as well as a tunable band gap. However, instability of the surface due to chemical degradation in ambient conditions remains a major impediment to its prospective applications. Early studies were limited by the degradation of black phosphorous surfaces in air. Recently, several robust strategies have been developed to mitigate these issues, and these novel developments can potentially allow researchers to exploit the extraordinary properties of this material and devices made out of it...
May 11, 2018: Advanced Materials
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