keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Blacking out

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154489/characteristics-of-prisoners-with-intellectual-disabilities
#1
E Chaplin, J McCarthy, L Underwood, A Forrester, H Hayward, J Sabet, R Mills, S Young, P Asherson, D Murphy
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have found high rates of intellectual disabilities (ID) in prison. However, little is understood about prisoners with ID. This study aimed to identify prisoners with ID and compare their characteristics with prisoners without neurodevelopmental disorders with regard to demographic profile, mental health, suicide risk and offences. METHOD: This was a descriptive, cross-sectional study carried out using face-to-face interviews with 240 participants in a London Category C prison...
December 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151824/a-real-time-metabolomic-profiling-approach-to-detecting-fish-fraud-using-rapid-evaporative-ionisation-mass-spectrometry
#2
Connor Black, Olivier P Chevallier, Simon A Haughey, Julia Balog, Sara Stead, Steven D Pringle, Maria V Riina, Francesca Martucci, Pier L Acutis, Mike Morris, Dimitrios S Nikolopoulos, Zoltan Takats, Christopher T Elliott
Introduction: Fish fraud detection is mainly carried out using a genomic profiling approach requiring long and complex sample preparations and assay running times. Rapid evaporative ionisation mass spectrometry (REIMS) can circumvent these issues without sacrificing a loss in the quality of results. Objectives: To demonstrate that REIMS can be used as a fast profiling technique capable of achieving accurate species identification without the need for any sample preparation...
2017: Metabolomics: Official Journal of the Metabolomic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148064/a-validation-study-of-the-langley-et-al-2017-decision-tree-model-for-sex-estimation
#3
Heather M Garvin, Alexandra R Klales
Langley et al. (2017) developed a sex estimation decision tree utilizing two traditional cranial traits (glabella and mastoid) and a new trait: zygomatic extension. This study aimed to test the reliability of their zygomatic extension scoring method and validate their sex estimation method. Ordinal score data were collected from 281 male and female U.S. White and Black individuals. The five traditional cranial traits were collected from physical specimens, while zygomatic extension was scored from 3D cranial models...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145841/rehabilitation-for-cancer-patients-at-black-lion-hospital-addis-ababa-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Teshager Worku, Zuriash Mengistu, Agumasie Semahegn, Gezahegn Tesfaye
BACKGROUND: In Ethiopia, there were greater than 2000 adult and 200 pediatric cancer patients annually in 2010, but the estimated number of cancer patients were increasing. Oncologic rehabilitation treatment may result in improved physical and mental impairment. There is a paucity of information about rehabilitation service utilization among cancer patients in Ethiopia. Hence, the purpose of this study was to assess the rehabilitation service for cancer patient and associated factors at Black Lion hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia...
November 16, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139301/design-of-a-24-week-trial-of-empagliflozin-once-daily-in-hypertensive-black-african-american-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#5
Keith C Ferdinand, Leo Seman, Afshin Salsali
OBJECTIVE: Black/African American patients have higher prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), diabetes-related complications, and hypertension, but they are often underrepresented in clinical trials. The sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitor, empagliflozin, was associated with significant improvements in glucose control (via hemoglobin [Hb] A1c) and reductions in blood pressure (BP; via office and ambulatory BP monitoring) in a primarily white population with T2DM and hypertension...
November 15, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138648/vascular-hyperreactivity-in-black-cameroonian-hypertensive-and-normotensive-patients-a-comparative-study
#6
Sylvie Ndongo Amougou, Dieudonné Danwe, Hamadou Ba, Bonaventure Jemea, Liliane Kuate Mfeukeu, Christian Ngongang Ouankou, Jingi Musa Ahmadou, Samuel Kingue
Introduction: Vascular hyperreactivity is a risk factor and a factor predicting hypertension (high blood pressure). Unlike other continents where several studies were carried out, it has rarely been studied in black Africa in general and in Cameroon in particular. Methods: Vascular reactivity was measured by the cold test. Vascular hyperreactivity was defined as an increase in blood pressure > 20 mmHg for systolic and/or > 15 mmHg for diastolic. Khi(2), Man-Withney, Wilcoxon's signed ranks and logistic regression tests were used for statistical analysis...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136842/application-of-micro-x-ray-fluorescence-and-micro-computed-tomography-to-the-study-of-laser-cleaning-efficiency-on-limestone-monuments-covered-by-black-crusts
#7
Giorgio S Senesi, Ignazio Allegretta, Carlo Porfido, Olga De Pascale, Roberto Terzano
Laser cleaning is widely used to remove black crusts from weathered limestone monuments. The cleaning efficiency is commonly tested using conventional analytical techniques, which do not allow to analyze the same sample before and after the treatment. In this paper, micro computed tomography (μ-CT) and micro X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (μ-XRF) techniques were used for the first time to evaluate the laser cleaning efficiency on two different encrusted quoins collected from a limestone monument. Analyses were carried out non-destructively on the same portion of the two lithotypes before and after the treatment...
February 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136304/reversible-polymerization-of-adamantane-type-p4n10-10-anions-to-honeycomb-type-p2n5-5-layers-under-high-pressure
#8
Eva-Maria Bertschler, Robin Niklaus, Wolfgang Schnick
The high-pressure polymorph Li5P2N5 of Li10P4N10 (= "2 Li5P2N5") was synthesized by high-pressure/high-temperature reaction of LiPN2 and Li7PN4 or beta-Li10P4N10 at 9 GPa, using the Li3N self-flux method in a Walker-type multianvil assembly. Li5P2N5 is the first lithium nitridophosphate with a layered structure and is made up of corner sharing PN4 tetrahedra forming a corrugated honeycomb-type layer of linked sechser-rings in chair conformation. The arrangement of the P atoms is analogous to that of black phosphorus...
November 14, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126802/gamma-irradiated-black-ginseng-extract-inhibits-mast-cell-degranulation-and-suppresses-atopic-dermatitis-like-skin-lesions-in-mice
#9
Jung Ae Kang, Ha-Yeon Song, Eui-Hong Byun, Nam-Geun Ahn, Hye-Min Kim, You Ree Nam, Gyeong Hee Lee, Beom-Su Jang, Dae Seong Choi, Dong-Eun Lee, Eui-Baek Byun
Gamma irradiation is able to affect various structural modification and an increase of the biological properties of biomaterials. This study was conducted to investigate the anti-allergenic effect of γ-irradiated black ginseng extract (BGE) using in vitro and in vivo experiments. IgEantigen complex-induced degranulation was measured in RBL-2H3 mast cells. In addition, an anti-atopic dermatitis (AD) test was carried out by spreading γ-irradiated BGE on the dorsal skin of 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB)-induced BALB/c mice...
November 7, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125560/human-actions-analysis-templates-generation-matching-and-visualization-applied-to-motion-capture-of-highly-skilled-karate-athletes
#10
Tomasz Hachaj, Marcin Piekarczyk, Marek R Ogiela
The aim of this paper is to propose and evaluate the novel method of template generation, matching, comparing and visualization applied to motion capture (kinematic) analysis. To evaluate our approach, we have used motion capture recordings (MoCap) of two highly-skilled black belt karate athletes consisting of 560 recordings of various karate techniques acquired with wearable sensors. We have evaluated the quality of generated templates; we have validated the matching algorithm that calculates similarities and differences between various MoCap data; and we have examined visualizations of important differences and similarities between MoCap data...
November 10, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125092/monitoring-the-south-african-population-s-salt-intake-spot-urine-v-24-h-urine
#11
Bianca Swanepoel, Aletta E Schutte, Marike Cockeran, Krisela Steyn, Edelweiss Wentzel-Viljoen
OBJECTIVE: The present study set out to determine whether morning spot urine samples can be used to monitor Na (and K) intake levels in South Africa, instead of the 'gold standard' 24 h urine sample. DESIGN: Participants collected one 24 h and one spot urine sample for Na and K analysis, after which estimations using three different formulas (Kawasaki, Tanaka and INTERSALT) were calculated. SETTING: Between 2013 and 2015, urine samples were collected from different population groups in South Africa...
November 10, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122351/macroaggregation-and-soil-organic-carbon-restoration-in-a-highly-weathered-brazilian-oxisol-after-two-decades-under-no-till
#12
Ademir de Oliveira Ferreira, João Carlos de Moraes Sá, Rattan Lal, Florent Tivet, Clever Briedis, Thiago Massao Inagaki, Daniel Ruiz Potma Gonçalves, Jucimare Romaniw
Conclusions based on studies of the impacts of soil organic carbon (SOC) fractions and soil texture on macroaggregation and SOC stabilization in long-term (>20years) no-till (NT) fields remain debatable. This study was based on the hypothesis that the amount and frequency of biomass-C input associated with NT can be a pathway to formation of macroaggregates and to SOC buildup. The objectives were to: 1) assess the macroaggregate distribution (proportional mass, class mass) and the SOC and particulate organic carbon (POC) stocks of extra-large (8-19mm), large (2-8mm) and small (0...
November 6, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119700/oral-and-written-picture-description-in-individuals-with-aphasia
#13
Dorien Vandenborre, Evy Visch-Brink, Kim van Dun, Jo Verhoeven, Peter Mariën
BACKGROUND: Aphasia is characterized by difficulties in connected speech/writing. AIMS: To explore the differences between the oral and written description of a picture in individuals with chronic aphasia (IWA) and healthy controls. Descriptions were controlled for productivity, efficiency, grammatical organization, substitution behaviour and discourse organization. METHODS & PROCEDURES: Fifty IWA and 50 healthy controls matched for age, gender and education provided an oral and written description of a black-and-white situational drawing from the Dutch version of the Comprehensive Aphasia Test...
November 8, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108726/distribution-and-migration-of-239-240-pu-in-abiotic-components-of-the-black-sea-ecosystems-during-the-post-chernobyl-period
#14
N N Tereshchenko, S B Gulin, V Yu Proskurnin
Distribution of (239,240)Pu in abiotic components (water and bottom sediment) of the Black Sea ecosystems was studied during the post-Chernobyl period at different offshore and near-shore locations. The trends of these radionuclides accumulation by sediments were analyzed. The spatial-temporal changes in the (239,240)Pu distribution as well as effective half-life for these radionuclides in the Black Sea surface water in deep-sea area are presented. The estimations of the average annual removal fluxes of the (239,240)Pu into the bottom sediments were obtained...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108718/a-new-animal-model-for-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-hipec-in-tumor-bearing-mice-in-the-treatment-of-peritoneal-carcinomatosis-of-ovarian-origin
#15
G Miailhe, A Arfi, M Mirshahi, C Eveno, M Pocard, C Touboul
AIM OF THE STUDY: We set out to develop and evaluate the morbidity of a non-invasive hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) procedure in mice. HIPEC has been shown to improve overall survival in treating ovarian cancer with peritoneal carcinomatosis. However, related complications, toxicity and the lack of randomized trials limits its widespread use. To improve the surgical technique, there is a need for animal models that allow teams to work on large groups without burdensome logistics...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Visceral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102967/missed-opportunity-to-diagnose-subungual-melanoma-potential-pitfalls
#16
Louise Dunphy, Rossell Morhij, Yash Verma, Andrew Pay
Subungual melanoma, an uncommon form of acral melanoma that arises within the nail matrix, accounts for 1%-3% of all cutaneous melanoma in Caucasians. As subungual melanoma presents in a more disguised manner than cutaneous lesions, increased vigilance is required. It most commonly presents as a discolouration of the nail, nail splitting or nail-bed bleeding. Black pigmentation of the adjacent nail fold, termed Hutchinson's sign, may be a diagnostic clue. Treatment of subungual melanoma remains surgical with wide local excision and amputation primary modalities...
November 3, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102354/thermolysis-of-scrap-tire-and-rubber-in-sub-super-critical-water
#17
Qinghai Li, Fuxin Li, Aihong Meng, Zhongchao Tan, Yanguo Zhang
The rapid growth of waste tires has become a serious environmental issue. Energy and material recovery is regarded as a promising use for waste tires. Thermolysis of scrap tire (ST), natural rubber (NR), and styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR) was carried out in subcritical and supercritical water using a temperature-pressure independent adjustable batch tubular reactor. As a result, oil yields increased as temperature and pressure increased, and they reached maximum values as the state of water was near the critical point...
October 25, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101695/vulture-mortality-resulting-from-illegal-poisoning-in-the-southern-balkan-peninsula
#18
Dimitar Parvanov, Emilian Stoynov, Nadya Vangelova, Hristo Peshev, Atanas Grozdanov, Ventseslav Delov, Yavor Iliev
A study was carried out to determine the incidents of illegal poisoning of griffon vulture (Gyps fulvus), Egyptian vulture (Neophron percnopterus), black vulture (Aegypius monachus), and bearded vulture (Gypaetus barbatus) in the southern Balkan Peninsula between 1982 and 2017. A total of 38 poisoning cases affecting 224 vultures were analyzed to identify their causes and the primary target species for poisoning. Nine different compounds were used in these incidents and the most frequently applied were strychnine, carbamate, and organophosphoros compounds...
November 3, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101444/-68-ga-psma-11-pet-ct-in-primary-staging-of-prostate-carcinoma-preliminary-results-on-differences-between-black-and-white-south-africans
#19
Mike Sathekge, Thabo Lengana, Alex Maes, Mariza Vorster, JanRijn Zeevaart, Ismaheel Lawal, Thomas Ebenhan, Christophe Van de Wiele
PURPOSE: The incidence of prostate cancer is 60% higher and the mortality rate is two- to three-times greater in black versus white men. We report on differences in (68)Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT imaging findings in 77 black South-African (BSAs) and 18 white South-African (WSAs) treatment-naïve primary prostate carcinoma (PPC) patients. METHODS: (68)Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT imaging findings were compared to histological, biochemical and morphological imaging data. Patients were grouped into three Gleason grade groups (GG), GG 1 (scores 3 + 3 and 3 + 4), GG2 (scores 4 + 3 and 4 + 4) and GG3 (scores 9 and 10), and the PSA difference among the groups was determined...
November 4, 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100985/characterization-and-expression-analysis-of-a-chitinase-gene-pmchi-5-from-black-tiger-shrimp-penaeus-monodon-under-pathogens-infection-and-ambient-ammonia-n-stress
#20
Falin Zhou, Kaimin Zhou, Jianhua Huang, Qibin Yang, Song Jiang, Lihua Qiu, Lishi Yang, Shigui Jiang
Chitinases are crucial enzymes for crustaceans. Previous researches had already revealed that chitinases play important roles in digestion, molting and defense against viruses. In the present study, a chitinase cDNA was identified from black tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon) and designated as PmChi-5. The full-length PmChi-5 cDNA was 2860 bp in size, containing an open reading frame (ORF) of 1731 bp that encoded a protein of 576 amino acids with a deduced molecular weight of 64.8 kDa. Expression of the PmChi-5 mRNA was ubiquitously detected in all selected tissues, with the highest level in the gill and hepatopancreas...
October 31, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
keyword
keyword
33358
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"