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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211609/comparison-of-body-mass-index-at-diagnosis-of-diabetes-in-a-multiethnic-population-a-case-control-study-with-matched-non-diabetic-controls
#1
Sanjoy K Paul, Ebenezer S Owusu Adjah, Mayukh Samanta, Kiran Patel, Srikanth Bellary, Wasim Hanif, Kamlesh Khunti
AIMS: To investigate the probability of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) at different body mass index compared to matched non-diabetic controls in a multi-ethnic population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Case-control study of 90,367 patients with incident diabetes and 362,548 age-sex-ethnicity matched controls from UK primary care. Probability of developing T2DM was estimated. RESULTS: Case and control patients were 56 years old at index and 56% were male...
February 17, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210634/potential-of-a-pharmacogenetic-guided-algorithm-to-predict-optimal-warfarin-dosing-in-a-high-risk-hispanic-patient-role-of-a-novel-nqo1-2-polymorphism
#2
Dagmar F Hernandez-Suarez, Karla Claudio-Campos, Javier E Mirabal-Arroyo, Bianca A Torres-Hernández, Angel López-Candales, Kyle Melin, Jorge Duconge
Deep abdominal vein thrombosis is extremely rare among thrombotic events secondary to the use of contraceptives. A case to illustrate the clinical utility of ethno-specific pharmacogenetic testing in warfarin management of a Hispanic patient is reported. A 37-year-old Hispanic Puerto Rican, non-gravid female with past medical history of abnormal uterine bleeding on hormonal contraceptive therapy was evaluated for abdominal pain. Physical exam was remarkable for unspecific diffuse abdominal tenderness, and general initial laboratory results-including coagulation parameters-were unremarkable...
October 2016: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209336/analysis-of-blood-from-zika-virus-infected-fetuses-a-prospective-case-series
#3
Bruno Schaub, Manon Vouga, Fatiha Najioullah, Michèle Gueneret, Alice Monthieux, Caroline Harte, Françoise Muller, Eugénie Jolivet, Clara Adenet, Sophie Dreux, Isabelle Leparc-Goffart, Raymond Cesaire, Jean-Luc Volumenie, David Baud
BACKGROUND: Zika virus has spread through the Americas and the Caribbean since early 2015 and was rapidly declared a Public Health Emergency of International Concern by WHO because of the potential association with fetal anomalies. We analysed fetal and maternal fluids and tissues in fetuses with confirmed Zika virus infection prospectively monitored in Martinique, a French Caribbean island. METHODS: Since the beginning of the Zika virus outbreak in Martinique, all pregnant women undergo monthly fetal ultrasound examination surveillance...
February 10, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207688/transmission-of-zika-virus-haiti-october-12-2015-september-10-2016
#4
Ito Journel, Lesly L Andrécy, Dudley Metellus, Jean S Pierre, Rose Murka Faublas, Stanley Juin, Amber M Dismer, David L Fitter, Daniel Neptune, Marie José Laraque, Salomon Corvil, Manise Pierre, Josiane Buteau, Donald Lafontant, Roopal Patel, Jean Frantz Lemoine, David W Lowrance, Macarthur Charles, Jacques Boncy, Paul Adrien
Zika virus disease is caused by infection with a flavivirus with broad geographic distribution and is most frequently transmitted by the bite of an infected mosquito. The disease was first identified in the World Health Organization's Region of the Americas in 2015 and was followed by a surge in reported cases of congenital microcephaly in Brazil; Zika virus disease rapidly spread to the rest of the region and the Caribbean (1), including Haiti. Infection with the virus is associated with adverse fetal outcomes (1) and rare neurologic complications in adults...
February 17, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206671/surgery-for-cataracts-in-people-with-age-related-macular-degeneration
#5
REVIEW
Heather Casparis, Kristina Lindsley, Irene C Kuo, Shameema Sikder, Neil M Bressler
BACKGROUND: Cataract and age-related macular degeneration (AMD) are common causes of decreased vision that often occur simultaneously in people over age 50. Although cataract surgery is an effective treatment for cataract-induced visual loss, some clinicians suspect that such an intervention may increase the risk of worsening of underlying AMD and thus have deleterious effects on vision. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of cataract surgery compared with no surgery in eyes with AMD...
February 16, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203645/saharan-dust-detection-using-multi-sensor-satellite-measurements
#6
Sriharsha Madhavan, John J Qu, X Hao
Contemporary scientists have vested interest in trying to understand the climatology of the North Atlantic Basin since this region is considered as the genesis for hurricane formation that eventually get shipped to the tropical Atlantic region and the Caribbean. The effects of atmospheric water cycle and the climate of West Africa and the Atlantic basin are hugely impacted by the radiative forcing of Saharan dust. The focus area in this paper would be to improve the dust detection schemes by employing the use of multi sensor measurements in the thermal emissive wavelengths using legacy sensors such as Terra (T) and Aqua (A) MODerate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), fusing with Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI)...
February 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199338/development-and-application-of-an-edna-method-to-detect-the-critically-endangered-trinidad-golden-tree-frog-phytotriades-auratus-in-bromeliad-phytotelmata
#7
Sarah Brozio, Chloe Manson, Eleanor Gourevitch, Thomas J Burns, Mark S Greener, J Roger Downie, Paul A Hoskisson
The use of environmental DNA (eDNA) to monitor rare and elusive species has great potential for conservation biology. Traditional surveying methods can be time-consuming, labour-intensive, subject to error or can be invasive and potentially damaging to habitat. The Trinidad golden treefrog (Phytotriades auratus) is one such species that would benefit from such an approach. This species inhabits the giant bromeliad (Glomeropitcairnia erectiflora) on two peaks on the Caribbean island of Trinidad. Traditional survey methods for this species have required the destruction of the giant bromeliad, which is the only known habitat of this frog...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197998/laser-assisted-subepithelial-keratectomy-lasek-versus-laser-assisted-in-situ-keratomileusis-lasik-for-correcting-myopia
#8
REVIEW
Jocelyn Kuryan, Anjum Cheema, Roy S Chuck
BACKGROUND: Near-sightedness, or myopia, is a condition in which light rays entering the eye along the visual axis focus in front of the retina, resulting in blurred vision. Myopia can be treated with spectacles, contact lenses, or refractive surgery. Options for refractive surgery include laser-assisted subepithelial keratectomy (LASEK) and laser-assisted in-situ keratomileusis (LASIK). Both procedures utilize a laser to shape the corneal tissue (front of the eye) to correct refractive error, and both create flaps before laser treatment of corneal stromal tissue...
February 15, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197407/tribulations-of-the-last-mile-sides-from-a-regional-program
#9
Victor J Del Rio Vilas, Mary J Freire de Carvalho, Marco A N Vigilato, Felipe Rocha, Alexandra Vokaty, Julio A Pompei, Baldomero Molina Flores, Natael Fenelon, Ottorino Cosivi
In Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) countries, the number of cases of dog-mediated human rabies is at its lowest since the onset of the Regional Program for Rabies Elimination in 1983, a commitment from LAC countries to eliminate dog-mediated rabies coordinated by the Pan American Health Organization. Despite minor setbacks, the decline in the number of human cases has been constant since 1983. While many LAC countries have significantly reduced rabies to a level where it is no longer significant public health concern, elimination has proven elusive and pockets of the disease remain across the region...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194609/a-high-frequency-of-palb2-mutations-in-jamaican-patients-with-breast-cancer
#10
Jordan Lerner-Ellis, Talia Donenberg, Humayun Ahmed, Sophia George, Gilian Wharfe, Sheray Chin, Dwight Lowe, Robert Royer, Shiyu Zhang, Steven Narod, Judith Hurley, Mohammad R Akbari
PURPOSE: Jamaica is an island nation with one of the highest breast cancer incidence rates in the Caribbean (40/100,000 per year). The contribution of cancer susceptibility gene mutations to the burden of breast cancer in Jamaica has not yet been explored. We sought to determine the prevalence of germline mutations in BRCA1, BRCA2, and PALB2 in 179 unselected Jamaican women with breast cancer. METHODS: We sequenced the entire coding regions of BRCA1, BRCA2, and PALB2 for all the study subjects...
February 13, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192644/perioperative-antibiotics-for-prevention-of-acute-endophthalmitis-after-cataract-surgery
#11
REVIEW
Emily W Gower, Kristina Lindsley, Samantha E Tulenko, Afshan A Nanji, Ilya Leyngold, Peter J McDonnell
BACKGROUND: Endophthalmitis is a severe inflammation of the anterior or posterior (or both) chambers of the eye that may be sterile or associated with infection. It is a potentially vision-threatening complication of cataract surgery. Prophylactic measures for endophthalmitis are targeted against various sources of infection. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis for endophthalmitis following cataract surgery compared with no prophylaxis or other form of prophylaxis...
February 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192446/range-extension-for-the-common-dolphin-delphinus-sp-to-the-colombian-caribbean-with-taxonomic-implications-from-genetic-barcoding-and-phylogenetic-analyses
#12
Nohelia Farías-Curtidor, Dalia C Barragán-Barrera, Paula Alejandra Chávez-Carreño, Cristina Jiménez-Pinedo, Daniel M Palacios, Dalila Caicedo, Fernando Trujillo, Susana Caballero
The nearest known population of common dolphins (Delphinus sp.) to the Colombian Caribbean occurs in a fairly restricted range in eastern Venezuela. These dolphins have not been previously reported in the Colombian Caribbean, likely because of a lack of study of the local cetacean fauna. We collected cetacean observations in waters of the Guajira Department, northern Colombia (~11°N, 73°W) during two separate efforts: (a) a seismic vessel survey (December 2009-March 2010), and (b) three coastal surveys from small boats (May-July 2012, May 2013, and May 2014)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187740/multi-year-school-based-implementation-and-student-outcomes-of-an-evidence-based-risk-reduction-intervention
#13
Bo Wang, Bonita Stanton, Lynette Deveaux, Sonja Lunn, Glenda Rolle, Richard Adderley, Maxwell Poitier, Veronica Koci, Sharon Marshall, Perry Gomez
BACKGROUND: Intervention effects observed in efficacy trials are rarely replicated when the interventions are broadly disseminated, underscoring the need for more information about factors influencing real-life implementation and program impact. Using data from the ongoing national implementation of an evidence-based HIV prevention program [Focus on Youth in The Caribbean (FOYC)] in The Bahamas, this study examines factors influencing teachers' patterns of implementation, the impact of teachers' initial implementation of FOYC, and subsequent delivery of the booster sessions on students' outcomes...
February 10, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187664/-i-uroptychus-i-i-nitidus-i-a-milne-edwards-1880-and-related-species-crustacea-decapoda-anomura-chirostylidae-from-the-western-atlantic
#14
Keiji Baba, Mary K Wicksten
Eight species of squat lobsters of the genus Uroptychus are reported from the western Atlantic based on the collections of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard, the Smithsonian Institution and Texas A&M University. Uroptychus nitidus (A. Milne-Edwards, 1880) is reviewed and redescribed, with a syntype taken at Blake Station 200 off Martinique designated as the lectotype. Uroptychus alphonsei n. sp. is named for U. nitidus variety C Chace, 1942, U. fenneri n. sp. for U. nitidus variety A Chace, 1942, and U...
January 17, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187655/-i-digitonthophagus-i-i-gazella-i-auctorum-an-unfortunate-case-of-mistaken-identity-for-a-widely-introduced-species-coleoptera-scarabaeidae-scarabaeinae-onthophagini
#15
François Génier, Adrian L V Davis
At risk of committing entomological heresy, we question the identity of a dung-burying beetle species that originates from Africa and has been introduced first into Hawaii and subsequently to Australasia, North America, and South America (Fincher 1986; Edwards 2007; Noriega et al. 2010) for pasture improvement and biological control of dung-breeding flies (Waterhouse 1974; Bornemissza 1979).  Under the name Onthophagus gazella (Fabricius 1787), it was the first species selected for introduction into Australia by the CSIRO Dung Beetle Project (Bornemissza 1976; Edwards 2007)...
January 19, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185756/trends-in-colorectal-cancer-in-the-caribbean-a-population-based-study-in-martinique-1982-2011
#16
C Joachim, J Véronique-Baudin, M Razanakaivo, J Macni, A Pomier, M-J Dorival, J Smith-Ravin, O Pierre-Louis, P Escarmant
BACKGROUND: We aimed to describe incidence and mortality from colorectal cancer, and temporal trends between 1982 and 2011 in Martinique (French West-Indies). METHODS: This was a descriptive, longitudinal, observational study based on data from the Martinique cancer registry. The study included all incident cases of colorectal cancer between 1982 and 2011. We recorded sociodemographic data and clinical variables (histology, site according to the WHO classification)...
February 6, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183107/the-jumping-lynx-spider-i-oxyopes-i-i-salticus-i-hentz-1845-and-its-neotropical-relatives-araneae-oxyopidae
#17
Adalberto J Santos
The spider genus Oxyopes Latreille occurs throughout the world, but is insufficiently known in South America and the Caribbean. In this study, three apparently related species of this genus are reported from the region. Oxyopes salticus Hentz, 1845 is redescribed and illustrated, and extreme variation in colour pattern and in female genitalia is reported within this species. Oxyopes m-fasciatus Piza, 1938 and Oxyopes nigrolineatus Mello-Leitão, 1941 are both considered junior synonyms of O. salticus. The material examined in this study, together with information from the literature, show this species is widely distributed throughout the continental Americas and the Caribbean...
January 10, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183106/systematics-and-biogeography-of-cuban-porcelain-crabs-decapoda-anomura-porcellanidae
#18
Yander L Diez, Carlos Lira
Marine crustaceans are a well-known invertebrates group in Cuban waters, but some taxa are not well catalogued and the literature about them is scattered. In this work, we present the checklist of porcelain crabs of Cuban Archipelago, including the literature registers and unpublished author's data. A key to the identification of 8 genera and 23 species of the Cuban porcelain crabs is provided. Information about the local distribution of species is presented. In addition, we analyzed the porcelain crab faunal affinities between the ecoregions of the Cuban platform, Greater Antilles islands and the Tropical Northwestern Atlantic (TNA) province...
January 10, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183098/sponges-of-the-guyana-shelf
#19
Rob W M VAN Soest
Sponges collected on the Guyana Shelf, predominantly in Suriname offshore waters, by Dutch HMS 'Snellius' O.C.P.S. 1966, HMS 'Luymes' O.C.P.S. II 1969, and HMS 'Luymes' Guyana Shelf 1970 expeditions are described in this study. Sponges were obtained by trawling, dredging or grabbing on sandy, muddy, shelly, and fossil reef bottoms at 88 stations between 19 and 681 m depth. A total of 351 samples were identified to species level, each consisting of one or more specimens of a given species from each individual station (together comprising 547 individuals and fragments)...
January 12, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183028/estimates-of-the-non-market-value-of-sea-turtles-in-tobago-using-stated-preference-techniques
#20
Michelle Cazabon-Mannette, Peter W Schuhmann, Adrian Hailey, Julia Horrocks
Economic benefits are derived from sea turtle tourism all over the world. Sea turtles also add value to underwater recreation and convey non-use values. This study examines the non-market value of sea turtles in Tobago. We use a choice experiment to estimate the value of sea turtle encounters to recreational SCUBA divers and the contingent valuation method to estimate the value of sea turtles to international tourists. Results indicate that turtle encounters were the most important dive attribute among those examined...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
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