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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812368/how-psychiatrists-recommend-treatment-and-its-relationship-with-patient-uptake
#1
Laura Thompson, Rose McCabe
Consultations for patients with chronic mental health conditions are conceived as meetings of experts: medical and experiential, respectively. Treatment decisions, in these terms, become a joint responsibility rather than handed down ex-cathedra. One resource for constituting decisions as 'shared' is the treatment recommendation - decisional authority can be invoked through its design. There is concern that people diagnosed with schizophrenia are infrequently involved in treatment decisions. However, the methods psychiatrists actually employ remain undefined...
August 16, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811913/burnout-and-psychiatric-morbidity-among-doctors-in-the-uk-a-systematic-literature-review-of-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#2
REVIEW
Udemezue O Imo
Aims and method To systematically review the prevalence and associated factors of burnout and stress-related psychiatric disorders among UK doctors. An extensive search was conducted of PubMed, EBSCOhost and British medical journals for studies published over a 20-year span measuring the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity (using the General Health Questionnaire) and burnout (using the Maslach Burnout Inventory). Results Prevalence of psychiatric morbidity ranged from 17 to 52%. Burnout scores for emotional exhaustion ranged from 31 to 54...
August 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811014/assessing-need-for-pharmacist-involvement-to-improve-care-coordination-for-patients-on-lai-antipsychotics-transitioning-from-hospital-to-home-a-work-system-approach
#3
Olufunmilola Abraham, Michelle N Myers, Amanda L Brothers, Jamie Montgomery, Bryan A Norman, Tanya Fabian
BACKGROUND: The use of Long-Acting Injectable (LAI) antipsychotic medications has increased for patients with Serious Mental Illness (SMI). Care coordination for this population is complex, and pharmacist involvement may improve and support long-term medication adherence and patient outcomes. OBJECTIVES: (1) Examine pharmacists' role in addressing care coordination and adherence challenges for patients taking Long-Acting Injectable (LAI) antipsychotics; and (2) explore patients' medication use experiences with LAI antipsychotics and educational needs...
September 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796557/revisiting-the-concept-of-severe-mental-illness-severity-indicators-and-healthcare-spending-in-psychotic-depressive-and-dissociative-disorders
#4
Ana Isabel Gonzalez Vazquez, Natalia Seijo Ameneiros, Juan Carlos Díaz Del Valle, Ester Lopez Fernandez, Miguel Angel Santed Germán
BACKGROUND: The concept of severe mental illness (SMI) has been related to bipolar or psychotic diagnosis, or to some cases of depressive disorders. Other mental health problems such as personality disorders or posttraumatic dissociative conditions, which can sometimes lead to relevant functional impairments, remain separate from the SMI construct. AIMS: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical severity as well as healthcare spending on dissociative disorders (DDs)...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795095/quantitative-exploration-of-factors-influencing-psychotic-disorder-ailments-in-nigeria
#5
Adebowale O Adejumo, Nehemiah A Ikoba, Esivue A Suleiman, Hilary I Okagbue, Pelumi E Oguntunde, Oluwole A Odetunmibi, Obalowu Job
In this data article, records on demographic data, family problem issues, as well as results of medical tests from five major classes of psychotic disorder namely: bipolar; vascular dementia, minimal brain dysfunction; insomnia; and schizophrenia, were collected on 500 psychotic patients carefully selected from the pool of medical records of Yaba Psychiatric Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria, for the period of 5 years, between January 2010 and December 2014, were examined. X-squared Statistic was used to examine each of psychotic disorders to identify demographic (age, gender, religion, marital status, and occupation) and family issues (loss of parent, history of such ailment in the family (family status), divorce, head injury, and heredity of such ailment (genetic) factors that influence them...
October 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764994/alexithymia-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review-of-literature
#6
REVIEW
Moussa A Chalah, Samar S Ayache
BACKGROUND: Alexithymia is a multidimensional personality construct characterized by difficulties identifying and describing one's feelings, and externally oriented thinking. Although extensively reported in psychiatric patients, little attention has been paid regarding its occurrence and its pathophysiology in the context of multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: A research was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines aiming to identify original research articles in English and French languages about alexithymia in MS...
July 29, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747113/developing-a-metformin-prescribing-tool-for-use-in-adults-with-mental-illness-to-reduce-medication-related-weight-gain-and-cardiovascular-risk
#7
Cassie Smith, Hannah Myles, Cherrie Galletly
OBJECTIVES: There is considerable evidence that metformin reduces weight gain associated with antipsychotic medication. The aim of this study was to develop an easy-to-use metformin prescribing tool in order to enable clinicians to prescribe metformin safely and confidently. METHODS: The authors undertook a survey of clinicians and reviewed the published literature and existing guidelines concerning the use of metformin to reduce weight gain in adults with mental illness...
August 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746699/association-of-risk-of-suicide-attempts-with-methylphenidate-treatment
#8
Kenneth K C Man, David Coghill, Esther W Chan, Wallis C Y Lau, Chris Hollis, Elizabeth Liddle, Tobias Banaschewski, Suzanne McCarthy, Antje Neubert, Kapil Sayal, Patrick Ip, Martijn J Schuemie, Miriam C J M Sturkenboom, Edmund Sonuga-Barke, Jan Buitelaar, Sara Carucci, Alessandro Zuddas, Hanna Kovshoff, Peter Garas, Peter Nagy, Sarah K Inglis, Kerstin Konrad, Alexander Häge, Eric Rosenthal, Ian C K Wong
Importance: Patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are at an increased risk of attempting suicide. Stimulants, such as methylphenidate hydrochloride, are the most common treatment for ADHD, but the association between their therapeutic use and suicide is unclear. Objective: To investigate the association between methylphenidate and the risk of suicide attempts. Design, Setting, and Participants: A population-based, electronic medical records database from the Hong Kong Clinical Data Analysis & Reporting System was used to identify 25 629 individuals aged 6 to 25 years who were treated with methylphenidate between January 1, 2001, and December 31, 2015...
July 26, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745840/cyclic-vomiting-syndrome-is-a-prevalent-and-under-recognized-condition-in-the-gastroenterology-outpatient-clinic
#9
R C Sagar, R Sood, D J Gracie, M J Gold, N To, G R Law, A C Ford
BACKGROUND: Cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) is a functional gastrointestinal disorder (FGID) characterized by intermittent episodes of nausea and vomiting. Our aim was to report its prevalence and associated features. METHODS: Data concerning demographics, symptoms, and psychiatric comorbidity were collected. Symptoms compatible with CVS were classified as per Rome III criteria. We recorded whether a diagnosis of CVS was considered in patients after negative investigation...
July 26, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739565/unusual-genitourinary-tract-activity
#10
Eoin MacCraith, Niall F Davis, James Forde
A 23-year-old woman presented to the emergency department after manually inserting foreign bodies into the urinary bladder through her urethra. A plain abdominal film of the kidneys, ureters and bladder confirmed three radio-opaque densities in the urinary bladder. She was taken to the operating room where cystourethroscopy was performed. At cystoscopy 2 'corn-on-the-cob' skewers and 1 battery were identified but were too large to be retrieved safely with a grasper through the protective sheath. The objects were grasped with a 'sponge-holding forceps' (placed alongside the cystoscope) and extracted one at a time...
July 24, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735645/psychiatric-consultation-in-the-collaborative-care-model-the-bipolar-sieve-effect
#11
James R Phelps, James James
Around the world, psychiatrists are in exceptionally short supply. The majority of mental health treatment is delivered in primary care. In the United States, the Collaborative Care Model (CCM) addresses the shortfall of psychiatrists by providing indirect consultation in primary care. A Cochrane meta-analysis affirms the efficacy this model for depression and anxiety. However, our experience with the CCM suggests that most patients referred for consultation have problems far more complex than simple depression and anxiety...
August 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734556/a-model-of-collaborative-spiritual-and-psychiatric-care-of-oncology-patients
#12
Larkin Elderon Kao, Hermioni N Lokko, Kathleen Gallivan, Vera O'Brien, John R Peteet
BACKGROUND: Many oncology patients see both chaplains and consultation-liaison (C-L) psychiatrists during medical hospitalizations. Studies show that spirituality and mental health influence one another, and that patients often prefer that physicians understand their spirituality. Though models of inpatient chaplaincy-psychiatry collaboration likely exist, none are apparent in the literature. In this study, we present one model of chaplaincy-psychiatry collaboration, hypothesizing that both specialties would find the intervention helpful...
June 23, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733298/are-there-patient-related-factors-that-influence-sickness-certification-in-patients-with-severe-subjective-health-complaints-a-cross-sectional-exploratory-study-from-different-european-countries
#13
Suzanne L Merkus, Rob Hoedeman, Silje Mæland, Kristel H N Weerdesteijn, Frederieke G Schaafsma, Maud Jourdain, Jean-Paul Canevet, Cédric Rat, Johannes R Anema, Erik L Werner
OBJECTIVES: To develop hypotheses about whether there are patient-related factors that influence physicians' decision-making that can explain why some patients with severe subjective health complaints (SHCs) are more likely to be granted sick leave than others. DESIGN: Exploratory cross-sectional. SETTING: Assessments of patient-related factors after watching nine authentic video recordings of patients with severe SHC from a Norwegian general practice...
July 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726463/steven-steve-walfish-1953-2016
#14
Nadine J Kaslow, Amanda M Woods, Jeffrey Zimmerman
Presents an obituary for Steven (Steve) Walfish, who passed away in Atlanta, Georgia, on April 27, 2016. Walfish was a passionate clinical scholar and educator for independent practitioners. Well respected for his evaluations and consultations (presurgical weight loss, substance abuse, psychiatric issues), he became the go-to person for referrals for evidence-based practice with adults and couples. His untimely death to cancer deeply saddened the innumerable clients whose lives he touched and his diverse professional collaborators...
July 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713689/relation-of-binge-eating-disorder-with-impulsiveness-in-obese-individuals
#15
Cenk Ural, Hasan Belli, Mahir Akbudak, Ali Solmaz, Zuhal Dogan Bektas, Fatih Celebi
AIM: To investigate the levels of impulsiveness, and the relationship between the binge eating disorder (BED) and the levels of impulsiveness in obese individuals. METHODS: Two hundred and forty-one obese patients who were included in the study and candidate for bariatric surgery (weight loss surgery) were clinically interviewed to identify the BED group, and patients were divided into two groups: Those with BED and those without BED. The comorbidity rate of groups was determined by using structured clinical interview for DSM-IV (SCID-I)...
June 22, 2017: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712415/the-role-of-incongruence-between-the-perceived-functioning-by-patients-and-clinicians-in-the-detection-of-psychological-distress-among-functional-and-motor-digestive-disorders
#16
Amanda Rodriguez-Urrutia, Francisco José Eiroa-Orosa, Anna Accarino, Carolina Malagelada, Fernando Azpiroz
OBJECTIVES: Previous research on gastrointestinal and other medical conditions has shown the presence of incongruence between self- and clinician-reported functioning and its relation with psychopathology. The main objective of this study was to test whether inconsistencies between clinician- and self-assessed functionality can be used to detect psychopathology among patients diagnosed of motor or functional gastrointestinal disorders. METHODS: One hundred and three patients from a gastroenterology inpatient unit were included in this study...
August 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708359/-psychological-distress-and-infertile-couple-a-global-approach
#17
Elodie Girard, Vasiliki Galani, Simona Toma, Isabelle Streuli
Infertility treatment doesn't stop in the technical and specific processing. The psychological distress may be very important and a frequent cause of drop-out during the medical procedure. Therefore the couple should be taken into account globally. Different level of counselling sessions should be offered to give the couple complete information about the procedure. The psychological counselling should be tailored to their need in term of coping strategies in the management of the stress or more specific psychotherapeutical approach...
February 8, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701254/characteristics-of-older-adults-who-consume-alcohol-while-on-antidepressants
#18
Erin Ulrich, Jacqueline Vonderhaar, Allison Tenhouse
OBJECTIVES: Determine the characteristics of older Americans who self-report consuming alcohol and taking at least one antidepressant. DESIGN: This study utilized cross-sectional analyses. SETTING: The University of Michigan Health and Retirement Study and its subsurvey Prescription Drug Study (PDS). PATIENTS, PARTICIPANTS: Those who reported taking at least one antidepressant prescription medication, were 65 years of age or older, and were enrolled in Medicare or Medicaid between 2002 and 2004...
July 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693872/depression-screening-at-a-community-health-fair-descriptives-and-treatment-linkage
#19
Kiel J Opperman, Devin M Hanson, Paul A Toro
OBJECTIVE: Health fairs are a cost-efficient platform for dissemination of preventive services to vulnerable populations. Effectiveness of depression screenings and associated treatment linkage via community health fairs warrants investigation. METHODS: This study offers the first examination of a depression screening at a community health fair in 261 adult men (18-87years). The PHQ-9 was administered via interview by graduate students and on-site psychiatric nurses were available for a brief consultation for those interested...
August 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691524/dr-digby-moynagh-1911-1963-and-the-graylands-day-hospital-1959-1965
#20
Philippa Martyr
OBJECTIVE: To describe the establishment of Australia's first psychiatric day hospital in Western Australia in April 1959 by Dr Digby Moynagh (1911-1963). METHODS: A range of primary and secondary sources were consulted. RESULTS: Moynagh was able to establish the Graylands Day Hospital because he had an outsider's perspective, and was familiar with the day hospital model from UK psychiatric literature. However, he was opposed by local medical and political interests, which eventually led to his departure from the State...
July 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
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