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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715786/background-lead-and-mercury-exposures-psychological-and-behavioral-problems-in-children
#1
Brooks B Gump, Matthew J Dykas, James A MacKenzie, Amy K Dumas, Bryce Hruska, Craig K Ewart, Patrick J Parsons, Christopher D Palmer, Kestutis Bendinskas
BACKGROUND: The potential harm from exposure to nonessential metals, particularly mercury (Hg) and lead (Pb), has been the focus of research for years. Initial interest focused on relatively high exposures; however, recent evidence suggests that even background exposures might have adverse consequences for child development. Identifying the extent of these consequences is now a priority. METHODS: We assessed blood Pb and Hg levels in a biracial sample of 9-11 year-old children (N = 203)...
July 14, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706501/bridges-or-barriers-conceptualization-of-the-role-of-multiple-identity-gateway-groups-in-intergroup-relations
#2
Aharon Levy, Tamar Saguy, Eran Halperin, Martijn van Zomeren
The modern era of globalization has been accompanied by a massive growth in interconnections between groups, and has led to the sharing of multiple identities by individuals and groups. Following these developments, research has focused on the issue of multiple identities, and has shed important light on how individuals who hold these complex forms of identity feel and behave, and on the reactions they elicit from members of other groups. However, the potential of groups with such multiple identities (e.g., biracials, immigrants, etc...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678637/transitioning-illicit-drug-preferences-and-emerging-user-identities-in-ohio-the-proliferation-of-methamphetamine-use-among-african-americans
#3
Karen Coen Flynn, Lee D Hoffer
Understanding the social dynamics of local methamphetamine markets is critical to improving community health and reducing social costs associated with illicit drug use. We examine a local drug market in Summit County, Ohio, wherein methamphetamine users ascribe themselves different ethnic identities from those long associated with the drug elsewhere in the United States. Qualitative interviews with 52 study participants demonstrate that very poor and homeless White males and females are now using methamphetamine; however, even more surprising is that 31 of the participants identified themselves as poor or homeless, male or female African, Native, biracial, or multiracial Americans...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675501/assessing-angels-in-the-nursery-a-pilot-study-of-childhood-memories-of-benevolent-caregiving-as-protective-influences
#4
Angela J Narayan, Chandra Ghosh Ippen, William W Harris, Alicia F Lieberman
This pilot study provides the first empirical test of the concept of "Angels in the Nursery" by examining whether childhood memories of benevolent caregiving experiences protect against heightened levels of psychopathology in high-risk mothers. The study hypothesized that (a) elaborated childhood memories of feeling loved by a caregiver ("angel memories") would moderate adulthood posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in mothers with childhood maltreatment histories, and (b) spontaneous traumatic intrusions ("ghost memories") would mediate childhood maltreatment and adulthood PTSD symptoms...
July 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639795/-you-re-one-of-us-black-americans-use-of-hypodescent-and-its-association-with-egalitarianism
#5
Arnold K Ho, Nour S Kteily, Jacqueline M Chen
Research on multiracial categorization has focused on majority group social perceivers (i.e., White Americans), demonstrating that they (a) typically categorize Black-White multiracials according to a rule of hypodescent, associating them more with their lower status parent group than their higher status parent group, and (b) do so at least in part to preserve the hierarchical status quo. The current work examines whether members of an ethnic minority group, Black Americans, also associate Black-White multiracials more with their minority versus majority parent group and if so, why...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639793/cigarette-smoking-trajectories-of-monoracial-and-biracial-blacks-testing-the-intermediate-hypothesis
#6
Trenette Clark Goings, Sebastian Teran Hidalgo, Matthew O Howard
Research on the cigarette-smoking patterns of biracial adolescents and young adults is severely limited. In this study, we tested the intermediate biracial substance-use hypothesis, which suggests that the prevalence of substance use among biracial individuals falls intermediate to their monoracial counterparts. We examined cigarette-smoking trajectories of a de-aggregated sample of biracial Black adolescents and young adults. We used longitudinal data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent and Adult Health (Add Health; Harris et al...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639238/multiple-sclerosis-in-latin-americans-genetic-aspects
#7
REVIEW
Victor M Rivera
Latin Americans (LA) are a heterogeneous, multiethnic group of individuals who inhabit the continental countries in Latin America (LATAM), Caribbean islands and constitute the largest ethnic minority in the USA. Commonly used terminology and ethno racial classifications to define these groups may not be accurate. Risk for multiple sclerosis (MS) among LA is generally low to medium but frequencies are increasing in the American hemisphere. Genome-Wide Association Studies (GWAS) in LA show diverse variants and genetic proportions among Mestizos, the most representative ethnic population, who themselves are the product of centuries of interracial mixing between Native Americans (or Amerindians), White Caucasian Europeans, and Black Africans...
August 2017: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608792/sexually-transmitted-infection-prevention-with-long-acting-reversible-contraception-factors-associated-with-dual-use
#8
Erika L Thompson, Cheryl A Vamos, Stacey B Griner, Rachel Logan, Coralia Vázquez-Otero, Ellen M Daley
BACKGROUND: Long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) is extremely effective in preventing pregnancy; however, it does not provide sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevention. Therefore, dual use is recommended for the prevention of STIs, in addition to pregnancy, by using LARC methods with condoms. This study assessed factors associated with LARC only use and dual-LARC and condom use among college women. METHODS: The National College Health Assessment-II Fall 2012 to 2013 was used for this analysis...
July 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585323/racial-differences-in-periodontal-disease-and-10-year-self-reported-tooth-loss-among-late-middle-aged-and-older-adults-the-dental-aric-study
#9
S Naorungroj, G D Slade, K Divaris, G Heiss, S Offenbacher, J D Beck
OBJECTIVE: To investigate racial differences in the associations between periodontitis and 10-year self-reported incident tooth loss in a biracial, community-based cohort of US late middle-aged and older adults. METHODS: Subjects were 3,466 dentate men and women aged 53-74 who underwent dental examinations from 1996 to1998. In 2012-2013, telephone interviewers asked participants about tooth loss in the preceding 10 years. Separate multivariable ordinal logistic regression models were used to calculate proportional odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) as estimates of association between periodontitis and tooth loss for Whites and African-Americans (AAs)...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523847/sex-differences-in-cardiovascular-risk-profiles-of-ischemic-stroke-patients-with-diabetes-in-the-greater-cincinnati-northern-kentucky-stroke-study
#10
Tracy E Madsen, Jane C Khoury, Kathleen A Alwell, Charles J Moomaw, Stacie L Demel, Matthew L Flaherty, Daniel Woo, Jason Mackey, Felipe De Los Rios La Rosa, Sharyl Martini, Simona Ferioli, Opeolu Adeoye, Pooja Khatri, Brett M Kissela, Dawn Kleindorfer
BACKGROUND: We aimed to compare sex-specific associations between cardiovascular risk factors and diabetes mellitus (DM) among patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) in the Greater Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky Stroke Study (GCNKSS). METHODS: The GCNKSS ascertained AIS cases in 2005 and 2010 among adult (age ≥20 years) residents of a biracial population of 1.3 million. Past and current stroke risk factors were compared between those with and without DM using chi-square and multiple logistic regression to examine sex-specific profiles...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516839/ethno-racial-differences-in-children-s-attitudes-and-beliefs-about-violence
#11
Maria M Galano, Margaret D McGuire, Andrew Grogan-Kaylor, Nora Montalvo-Liendo, Sandra A Graham-Bermann
One in 15 children in the United States are exposed to intimate partner violence (IPV) each year. Although much is known about the adverse effects of witnessing IPV on children, little attention has been given to the impact of IPV on children of diverse ethno-racial backgrounds. In particular, the association between IPV and children's attitudes and beliefs about violence across different ethno-racial populations remains to be explored. One hundred ninety children between the ages of 4 and 12 years of varying ethno-racial backgrounds who had witnessed recent IPV were interviewed regarding their attitudes and beliefs about IPV...
June 1, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492923/sex-and-age-adjusted-population-analysis-of-prevalence-estimates-for-hidradenitis-suppurativa-in-the-united-states
#12
Amit Garg, Joslyn S Kirby, Jonathan Lavian, Gloria Lin, Andrew Strunk
Importance: The true prevalence of hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is unknown. Objective: To establish standardized overall and group-specific prevalence estimates for HS in the United States. Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective analysis included a demographically heterogeneous population-based sample of more than 48 million unique patients across all US census regions. As of October 27, 2016, a total of 47 690 patients with HS were identified using electronic health record data...
May 10, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482209/socioeconomic-status-discrimination-and-c-reactive-protein-in-african-american-and-white-adults
#13
Miriam E Van Dyke, Viola Vaccarino, Sandra B Dunbar, Priscilla Pemu, Gary H Gibbons, Arshed A Quyyumi, Tené T Lewis
OBJECTIVES: We examined the association between socioeconomic status (SES) discrimination and C-reactive protein (CRP) in a biracial cohort of middle-aged adults using an intersectionality framework. METHODS: Participants were 401 African-American and White adults from a population-based cohort in the Southeastern United States. SES discrimination was self-reported with a modified Experiences of Discrimination Scale, and CRP levels were assayed from blood samples...
August 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436756/the-role-of-attachment-style-in-interpersonal-psychotherapy-for-depressed-adolescents
#14
Meredith Gunlicks-Stoessel, Ana Westervelt, Kristina Reigstad, Laura Mufson, Susanne Lee
OBJECTIVE(S): This study examined changes in depressed adolescents' reports of attachment anxiety and avoidance with interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT-A), and the relationship between attachment style and change in depression with IPT-A. METHOD: Forty adolescents (aged 12-17) participated in a 16-week randomized clinical trial of 4 adaptive treatment strategies for adolescent depression that began with IPT-A and augmented treatment for insufficient responders (n = 22) by adding additional IPT-A sessions (n = 11) or the antidepressant medication, fluoxetine (n = 11)...
April 24, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381647/prevalence-of-positive-troponin-and-echocardiogram-findings-and-association-with-mortality-in-acute-ischemic-stroke
#15
Peter Wrigley, Jane Khoury, Bryan Eckerle, Kathleen Alwell, Charles J Moomaw, Daniel Woo, Mathew L Flaherty, Felipe De Los Rios la Rosa, Jason Mackey, Opeolu Adeoye, Sharyl Martini, Simona Ferioli, Brett M Kissela, Dawn O Kleindorfer
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients may have raised serum cardiac troponin levels on admission, although it is unclear what prognostic implications this has, and whether elevated levels are associated with cardiac causes of stroke or structural cardiac disease as seen on echocardiogram. We investigated the positivity of cardiac troponin and echocardiogram testing within a large biracial AIS population and any association with poststroke mortality. METHODS: Within a catchment area of 1...
May 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360228/echocardiographic-pulmonary-artery-systolic-pressure-in-the-coronary-artery-risk-development-in-young-adults-cardia-study-associations-with-race-and-metabolic-dysregulation
#16
Evan L Brittain, Chike Nwabuo, Meng Xu, Deepak K Gupta, Anna R Hemnes, Henrique T Moreira, Henrique Doria De Vasconcellos, James G Terry, Jeffrey J Carr, Joao A C Lima
BACKGROUND: The determinants of pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) are not fully understood. It is unknown whether racial differences in PASP exist or if other population characteristics are associated with pulmonary pressure in humans. We examined echocardiographically estimated PASP in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study, a middle-aged, biracial community-based cohort. METHODS AND RESULTS: At the CARDIA year-25 examination, 3469 participants underwent echocardiography, including measurement of tricuspid regurgitant jet velocity to estimate PASP...
March 30, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347391/-biracial-looking-twins-a-new-twin-type-twin-research-twins-with-cystic-teratomas-sleep-quality-and-body-mass-index-previable-membrane-rupture-print-and-online-reports-twins-born-to-a-sister-surrogate-nasa-twin-study-african-cosmopolitan-twin-fashion-inspirations
#17
Nancy L Segal
Dizygotic (DZ) co-twins born to mothers and fathers from different racial or ethnic backgrounds often resemble one parent much more than the other. As such, these pairs comprise a unique subset of twins for investigating how others' responses to their different looks may affect their personalities and self-esteem. This article describes some of these twin pairs and some challenges of raising them, and suggests ways they may be used in research. Next, recent twin research on cystic teratomas, relations between sleep quality and body mass index, and previable membrane rupture is described...
March 28, 2017: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338726/cumulative-exposure-to-systolic-blood-pressure-during-young-adulthood-through-midlife-and-the-urine-albumin-to-creatinine-ratio-at-midlife
#18
Holly Kramer, Laura Colangelo, Cora E Lewis, David R Jacobs, Mark Pletcher, Kirstin Bibbins-Domingo, Alex Chang, David Siscovick, Michael Shlipak, Carmen A Peralta, Nisha Bansal, Paul Muntner, Kiang Liu
BACKGROUND: Higher blood pressure during young adulthood may increase cardiovascular and kidney disease risk later in life. This study examined the association of cumulative systolic blood pressure (SBP) exposure during young adulthood through midlife with urine albumin-to-creatinine ratios (ACR) measured during midlife. METHODS: We used data from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study, a biracial cohort recruited in 4 urban areas during years 1985-1986...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332920/terminal-decline-of-episodic-memory-and-perceptual-speed-in-a-biracial-population
#19
Robert S Wilson, Kumar B Rajan, Lisa L Barnes, Willemijn Jansen, Priscilla Amofa, Jennifer Weuve, Denis A Evans
We compared trajectories of terminal cognitive decline in older Black (n = 3372) and White (n = 1756) persons from a defined population who completed tests of episodic memory and perceptual speed at 3-year intervals for up to 18 years. During a mean of 9.9 years of observation, 1608 Black persons and 902 White persons died. Preterminal decline of episodic memory did not differ by race. Terminal episodic memory decline began earlier in Black persons (mean of 4.3 years before death) than in White persons (mean = 3...
March 23, 2017: Neuropsychology, Development, and Cognition. Section B, Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321981/evaluation-of-the-modified-findrisc-to-identify-individuals-at-high-risk-for-diabetes-among-middle-aged-white-and-black-aric-study-participants
#20
Manjusha Kulkarni, Randi E Foraker, Ann M McNeill, Cynthia Girman, Sherita H Golden, Wayne D Rosamond, Bruce Duncan, Maria Ines Schmidt, Jaakko Tuomilehto
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a modified Finnish Diabetes Risk Score (FINDRISC) for predicting the risk of incident diabetes among white and black middle-aged participants from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We assessed 9754 ARIC cohort participants who were free of diabetes at baseline. Logistic regression and receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curves were used to evaluate a modified FINDRISC for predicting incident diabetes after 9 years of follow-up, overall and by race/gender group...
March 21, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
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