keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Biracial

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741991/asymmetric-mixtures-common-conceptual-priorities-for-social-and-chemical-kinds
#1
Alexander Noyes, Frank C Keil
Hypodescent is the phenomenon of categorizing biracial individuals asymmetrically (e.g., viewing Black-White biracial individuals as Black instead of White). We propose that hypodescent is explained by domain-general attentional biases toward dangerous and distinctive components in conceptual representation. This cognitive mechanism derives its empirical support from several research traditions, especially from research on how people evaluate generic statements. Here, we demonstrate how liquid mixtures are categorized in ways characteristic of hypodescent...
May 1, 2018: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731178/exercise-capacity-and-the-obesity-paradox-in-heart-failure-the-fit-henry-ford-exercise-testing-project
#2
Paul A McAuley, Steven J Keteyian, Clinton A Brawner, Zeina A Dardari, Mahmoud Al Rifai, Jonathan K Ehrman, Mouaz H Al-Mallah, Seamus P Whelton, Michael J Blaha
OBJECTIVES: To assess the influence of exercise capacity and body mass index (BMI) on 10-year mortality in patients with heart failure (HF) and to synthesize these results with those of previous studies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This large biracial sample included 774 men and women (mean age, 60±13 years; 372 [48%] black) with a baseline diagnosis of HF from the Henry Ford Exercise Testing (FIT) Project. All patients completed a symptom-limited maximal treadmill stress test from January 1, 1991, through May 31, 2009...
May 3, 2018: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729002/potential-racial-disparities-using-current-lung-cancer-screening-guidelines
#3
Srinadh Annangi, Snigdha Nutalapati, Marilyn G Foreman, Rathi Pillai, Eric L Flenaugh
RATIONALE: The current age threshold for lung cancer screening targets individuals beginning at age 55. These guidelines were developed based on results from the National Lung Cancer Screening Trial where only 4.4% of the enrollees were African American, when they represent 12.3% of US population. African Americans were also found to have higher incidence and younger onset of lung cancer. We hypothesized that implementation of screening at age 55 would not detect a substantial fraction of early onset lung cancer cases in African American population...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696226/where-are-they-now-retention-strategies-over-25-years-in-the-coronary-artery-risk-development-in-young-adults-cardia-study
#4
Ellen Funkhouser, Jennifer Wammack, Cathy Roche, Jared Reis, Stephen Sidney, Pamela Schreiner
Purpose: In 1991, we described the recruitment and goals for a cohort of young adults. At the time, little was known about long-term retention of young, healthy and mobile adults or minorities. We present retention strategies and rates over 25 years, and predictors of participation at the year 25 follow-up examination of the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study, a longitudinal investigation of coronary artery disease risk factors in a biracial population initially ages 18-30 years recruited from four U...
March 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682763/differential-expression-of-annexin-2-spink1-and-hsp60-predict-progression-of-prostate-cancer-through-bifurcated-who-gleason-score-categories-in-african-american-men
#5
Desta A Beyene, Tammey J Naab, Norma F Kanarek, Victor Apprey, Ashwini Esnakula, Farahan A Khan, Marc R Blackman, Collis A Brown, Tamaro S Hudson
BACKGROUND: Although studies have observed several markers correlate with progression of prostate cancer (PCa), no specific markers have been identified that accurately predict the progression of this disease, even in African American (AA) men who are generally at higher risk than other ethnic groups. The primary goal of this study was to explore whether three markers could predict the progression of PCa. METHOD: We investigated protein expression of Annexin 2 (ANX2), serine peptidase inhibitor, kazal type 1(SPINK1)/tumor-associated trypsin inhibitor (TATI), and heat shock protein 60 (Hsp60) in 79 archival human prostate trans-rectal ultrasound (TRUS) biopsy tissues according to a modified World Health Organization (WHO) classification: normal (WHO1a), Gleason Score (GS6 (WHO1b), GS7 subgroups (WHO2 = 3 + 4, WHO3 = 4 + 3), GS8 (WHO4), and GS9-10 (WHO5)...
April 22, 2018: Prostate
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663586/adiposity-body-composition-and-ventricular-arterial-stiffness-in-the-elderly-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-study
#6
Miguel M Fernandes-Silva, Amil M Shah, Brian Claggett, Susan Cheng, Hirofumi Tanaka, Odilson M Silvestre, Wilson Nadruz, Barry A Borlaug, Scott D Solomon
AIM: Weight gain appears to accelerate age-related ventricular-arterial stiffening, which has been implicated in the development of heart failure (HF), but it is unclear whether body fat accumulation underpins this association. We evaluated the relationship of adiposity, using measures of body composition, with ventricular-arterial stiffness among the elderly in the community. METHODS AND RESULTS: Adiposity was accessed through body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, and body fat percentage...
April 16, 2018: European Journal of Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660301/prevalence-estimates-for-hidradenitis-suppurativa-among-children-and-adolescents-in-the-united-states-a-gender-and-age-adjusted-population-analysis
#7
Amit Garg, Sara Wertenteil, Rebekah Baltz, Andrew Strunk, Nika Finelt
The prevalence of Hidradenitis Suppurativa (HS) in the pediatric population is unknown. We sought to establish standardized overall as well as gender-, age-, and race-specific prevalence estimates of HS among children and adolescents in the United States. We performed a cross-sectional analysis in a heterogeneous sample of 55 million patients across all census regions. We identified 1,240 HS patients in whom the ratio of girls to boys was 3.8:1. Almost all (96.8%) HS patients were ≥10 years of age. Overall HS prevalence was 0...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650711/american-heart-association-s-life-simple-7-and-risk-of-atrial-fibrillation-in-a-population-without-known-cardiovascular-disease-the-aric-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-study
#8
Parveen K Garg, Wesley T O'Neal, Lin Y Chen, Laura R Loehr, Nona Sotoodehnia, Elsayed Z Soliman, Alvaro Alonso
BACKGROUND: The American Heart Association has defined metrics of ideal cardiovascular health known as Life's Simple 7 (LS7) to prevent cardiovascular disease. We examined the association between LS7 and incident atrial fibrillation (AF) in a biracial cohort of middle- and older-aged adults without known cardiovascular disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: This analysis included 13 182 ARIC (Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities) study participants (mean baseline age=54±5...
April 12, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593654/ethnic-disparities-in-endothelial-function-and-its-cardiometabolic-correlates-the-pathobiology-of-prediabetes-in-a-biracial-cohort-study
#9
Ibiye Owei, Nkiru Umekwe, Hanan Mohamed, Sotonte Ebenibo, Jim Wan, Sam Dagogo-Jack
Background: Endothelial function (EF) reflects the balance between vasodilatory and vasoconstrictive factors produced by (or acting on) the innermost lining of blood vessels. Endothelial dysfunction, an imbalance between these factors that favors vasoconstriction, has been associated with increased risk for cardiovascular disease. However, the influence of race/ethnicity and glycemic status on association between EF and cardiovascular risk factors remain to be clarified. Subjects and methods: We assessed EF in relation to glycemia and cardiometabolic profile in African-American (AA) and European-American (EA) offspring of parents with type 2 diabetes (T2D), who are participants in the prospective pathobiology and reversibility of prediabetes in a biracial cohort (PROP-ABC) study...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545482/genetic-control-of-left-atrial-gene-expression-yields-insights-into-the-genetic-susceptibility-for-atrial-fibrillation
#10
Jeffrey Hsu, Shamone Gore-Panter, Gregory Tchou, Laurie Castel, Beth Lovano, Christine S Moravec, Gosta B Pettersson, Eric E Roselli, A Marc Gillinov, Kenneth R McCurry, Nicholas G Smedira, John Barnard, David R Van Wagoner, Mina K Chung, Jonathan D Smith
BACKGROUND: Genome-wide association studies have identified 23 loci for atrial fibrillation (AF), but the mechanisms responsible for these associations, as well as the causal genes and genetic variants, remain undefined. METHODS: To identify the effect of common genetic variants on gene expression that might explain the mechanisms linking genome-wide association loci with AF risk, we performed RNA sequencing of left atrial appendages from a biracial cohort of 265 subjects...
March 2018: Circulation. Genomic and precision medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513091/the-impact-of-intimate-partner-violence-exposure-in-adolescence-and-emerging-adulthood-a-developmental-psychopathology-approach
#11
Suvarna V Menon, Joseph R Cohen, Ryan C Shorey, Jeff R Temple
Despite increased attention on parental intimate partner violence (IPV) exposure, a relative paucity of research has examined the developmental consequences of this traumatic experience within a life span approach. The aim of the present study was to examine how parental IPV exposure may relate to mental health during the transition from adolescence to emerging adulthood. Furthermore, we examined whether the impact of parental IPV exposure was unique from more commonly studied maltreatment experiences, specifically neglect and physical abuse...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434574/basal-and-dynamic-leptin-secretion-association-with-cardiometabolic-risk-and-body-weight-trajectories-in-african-americans-and-european-americans
#12
Sotonte Ebenibo, Chimaroke Edeoga, Ibiye Owei, Sam Dagogo-Jack
Background: Fasting plasma leptin levels reflect fat mass, but dynamic leptin responses to secretagogues, and the influence of race/ethnicity, have not been well studied. Here, we compared basal and stimulated leptin levels in relation to cardiometabolic risk and weight trajectories in black and white subjects. Subjects and methods: We studied 254 (127 black and 127 white) normoglycemic adults enrolled in the Pathobiology of Prediabetes in a Biracial Cohort (POP-ABC) study...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425278/carotid-intima-media-thickness-and-silent-brain-infarctions-in-a-biracial-cohort-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-aric-study
#13
Melissa C Caughey, Ye Qiao, B Gwen Windham, Rebecca F Gottesman, Thomas H Mosley, Bruce A Wasserman
Background: Both hypertensive and atherosclerotic processes contribute to common carotid artery intima-media thickness (CCA-IMT). Elevated CCA-IMT may be indicative of subclinical cerebrovascular disease; however, its role in the absence of concomitant carotid artery plaque is uncertain, and few studies have examined associations in black populations. Materials and Methods: At cohort visit 3 (1993-1995) a subset of stroke-free participants (641 blacks and 702 whites, mean age 63) from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study was imaged by brain MRI and carotid ultrasound...
February 7, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387455/macular-pigment-optical-density-in-a-brazilian-sample
#14
Letícia Pinto Coelho Jorge, Carlos Eduardo Gonçalves Pereira, Eduardo Jorge, Marcos Pereira de Ávila
Background: To evaluate macular pigment optical density (MPOD) and to identify its determinants in a sample of Brazilian individuals. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. One hundred three healthy individuals had both eyes photographed using a Visucam 500 digital fundus camera (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Jena, Germany) in combination with the MPOD module. Four variables were obtained: maximum MPOD, mean MPOD, MPOD volume, and MPOD area. Demographic data and information on lifestyle habits were also collected...
2018: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311371/author-response-olfaction-and-risk-of-dementia-in-a-biracial-cohort-of-older-adults
#15
Daniel Freimer, Kristine Yaffe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311370/reader-response-olfaction-and-risk-of-dementia-in-a-biracial-cohort-of-older-adults
#16
Esme Fuller-Thomson, Sydney A Jopling
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311369/editors-note-olfaction-and-risk-of-dementia-in-a-biracial-cohort-of-older-adults
#17
Megan Alcauskas, Steven Galetta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190119/when-the-plus-sign-is-a-negative-challenging-and-reinforcing-embodied-stigmas-through-outliers-and-counter-narratives
#18
Alexandra Lippert
When individuals become aware of their stigma, they attempt to manage their identity through discourses that both challenge and reinforce power. Identity management is fraught with tensions between the desire to fit normative social constructions and counter the same discourse. This essay explores identity management in the midst of the embodied stigmas concerning unplanned pregnancy during college and raising a biracial son. In doing so, this essay points to the difference between outlier narratives and counter-narratives...
November 30, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153246/usefulness-of-the-american-heart-association-s-life-simple-7-to-predict-the-risk-of-atrial-fibrillation-from-the-reasons-for-geographic-and-racial-differences-in-stroke-regards-study
#19
Parveen K Garg, Wesley T O'Neal, Adedotun Ogunsua, Evan L Thacker, George Howard, Elsayed Z Soliman, Mary Cushman
The American Heart Association has identified metrics of ideal cardiovascular (CV) health known as Life's Simple 7 (LS7). We determined the prospective relationship between the LS7 and the incident atrial fibrillation (AF) in a biracial cohort. The REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study enrolled non-Hispanic black and white adults 45 years or older. This analysis included 9,576 REGARDS participants (mean age 63 ± 8.4 years; 57% women; 30% black) who were free of AF at baseline and completed a follow-up examination 9...
January 15, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138193/stoic-beliefs-and-health-development-and-preliminary-validation-of-the-pathak-wieten-stoicism-ideology-scale
#20
Elizabeth B Pathak, Sarah E Wieten, Christopher W Wheldon
INTRODUCTION: We developed and validated a new parsimonious scale to measure stoic beliefs. Key domains of stoicism are imperviousness to strong emotions, indifference to death, taciturnity and self-sufficiency. In the context of illness and disease, a personal ideology of stoicism may create an internal resistance to objective needs, which can lead to negative consequences. Stoicism has been linked to help-seeking delays, inadequate pain treatment, caregiver strain and suicide after economic stress...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
keyword
keyword
33338
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"