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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210933/two-minute-step-test-of-exercise-capacity-systematic-review-of-procedures-performance-and-clinimetric-properties
#1
Richard W Bohannon, Rebecca H Crouch
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The 2-minute step test (TMST) is one of many alternatives for measuring exercise capacity. First introduced in 1999 as part of the Senior Fitness Test, the TMST has the advantage of requiring limited space, only a few minutes' time, and no expensive equipment. These advantages notwithstanding, the test must be clinimetrically sound if it is to be recommended. We sought therefore to summarize the literature addressing TMST performance and measurement properties...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198618/analysis-instruments-for-the-performance-of-advanced-practice-nursing
#2
Sonia Sevilla-Guerra, Adelaida Zabalegui
Advanced Practice Nursing has been a reality in the international context for several decades and recently new nursing profiles have been developed in Spain as well that follow this model. The consolidation of these advanced practice roles has also led to of the creation of tools that attempt to define and evaluate their functions. This study aims to identify and explore the existing instruments that enable the domains of Advanced Practice Nursing to be defined. A review of existing international questionnaires and instruments was undertaken, including an analysis of the design process, the domains/dimensions defined, the main results and an exploration of clinimetric properties...
November 29, 2017: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168899/global-scales-for-cognitive-screening-in-parkinson-s-disease-critique-and-recommendations
#3
REVIEW
Matej Skorvanek, Jennifer G Goldman, Marjan Jahanshahi, Connie Marras, Irena Rektorova, Ben Schmand, Erik van Duijn, Christopher G Goetz, Daniel Weintraub, Glenn T Stebbins, Pablo Martinez-Martin
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment is a common nonmotor manifestation of Parkinson's disease, with deficits ranging from mild cognitive difficulties in 1 or more of the cognitive domains to severe dementia. The International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society commissioned the assessment of the clinimetric properties of cognitive rating scales measuring global cognitive performance in PD to make recommendations regarding their use. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted to identify the scales used to assess global cognitive performance in PD, and the identified scales were reviewed and rated as "recommended," "recommended with caveats," "suggested," or "listed" by the panel using previously established criteria...
November 23, 2017: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158667/different-protocols-for-analyzing-behavior-and-adaptability-in-obstacle-crossing-in-parkinson-s-disease
#4
REVIEW
Nafiseh Mollaei, Estela Bicho, Nuno Sousa, Miguel Fernandes Gago
Imbalance and tripping over obstacles as a result of altered gait in older adults, especially in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), are one of the most common causes of falls. During obstacle crossing, patients with PD modify their behavior in order to decrease the mechanical demands and enhance dynamic stability. Various descriptions of dynamic traits of gait that have been collected over longer periods, probably better synthesize the underlying structure and pattern of fluctuations in gait and can be more sensitive markers of aging or early neurological dysfunction and increased risk of falls...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155463/free-gracilis-muscle-transfer-for-smile-reanimation-after-treatment-for-advanced-parotid-malignancy
#5
Callum Faris, Alyssa Heiser, Tessa Hadlock, Nate Jowett
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to characterize the outcomes of free gracilis muscle transfer for delayed smile reanimation after radical parotidectomy. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of patients who underwent free gracilis muscle transfer for smile reanimation after radical parotidectomy between 2003 and 2016 was performed. Patient-reported quality of life (Facial Clinimetric Evaluation Scale [FaCE]), physician-reported facial function ("eFACE" facial grading scale), and oral commissure excursion were compared preoperatively and postoperatively...
November 20, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152874/concordance-and-correlation-of-activity-indices-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-in-northwestern-colombia-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Ricardo Restrepo-Correa, Libia M Rodríguez-Padilla, Aura L Zapata-Castellanos, Andrea Ocampo, Juan J García, Carolina Muñoz-Grajales, Luis F Pinto-Peñaranda, Javier D Márquez-Hernández, Miguel A Mesa-Navas, Carlos J Velásquez-Franco
AIM: To determine the correlation and concordance between different clinimetric scores in patients with rheumatoid arthritis in two high-complexity reference centers in northwestern Colombia. METHOD: A cross-sectional study in adults diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis was conducted according to the 2010 American College of Rheumatology and European League Against Rheumatism Classification Criteria, between January and June, 2013. The correlation was evaluated using Spearman's correlation coefficient, and concordance with quadratic weighted kappa with the respective confidence intervals, for which patients were classified into different categories of disease activity...
November 19, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150407/disease-trends-over-time-and-cd4-ccr5-t-cells-expansion-predict-carotid-atherosclerosis-development-in-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#7
A Baragetti, G A Ramirez, M Magnoni, K Garlaschelli, L Grigore, M Berteotti, I Scotti, E Bozzolo, A Berti, P G Camici, A L Catapano, A A Manfredi, E Ammirati, G D Norata
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) present increased cardiovascular mortality compared to the general population. Few studies have assessed the long-term development and progression of carotid atherosclerotic plaque in SLE patients. Our aim was to investigate the association of clinical and laboratory markers of disease activity and classical cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) with carotid atherosclerosis development in SLE patients in a prospective 5-year study...
September 18, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140145/monitoring-rugby-players-for-fitness-and-fatigue-what-do-coaches-want
#8
Lindsay T Starling, Michael I Lambert
PURPOSE: The advantages of monitoring players in a team are well documented. However, barriers associated with lack of resources and time prevents teams from implementing systematic monitoring programs. This study aims to identify 1) the methods rugby teams use to monitor the training load and associated response to the training load, and 2) prerequisites of a monitoring protocol that are scientifically suitable and practically applicable for monitoring fitness and fatigue of rugby players...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130649/sino-nasal-outcome-test-22-quality-of-life-patterns-in-patients-presenting-with-nasal-septal-perforation
#9
Samuel C Leong, Christopher J Webb
OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of nasal septal perforation on quality of life. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Rhinology clinics from two hospitals in Liverpool, United Kingdom. PARTICIPANTS: Patients diagnosed with nasal septal perforation (NSP). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Patients (n=26) diagnosed with NSP completed the Sino-Nasal Outcome Test-22 (SNOT-22). The collated data was compared with SNOT-22 scores from a cohort of healthy volunteers (n=34) and a cohort of patients (n=30) diagnosed with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS)...
November 11, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128337/the-urticaria-activity-score-validity-reliability-and-responsiveness
#10
Tomasz Hawro, Tatevik Ohanyan, Nicole Schoepke, Martin Metz, Adriane Peveling-Oberhag, Petra Staubach, Marcus Maurer, Karsten Weller
BACKGROUND: Chronic spontaneous urticaria is characterized by fluctuating symptoms. Its activity is assessed with the urticaria activity score (UAS). Two versions of the urticaria activity score used for 7 consecutive days (UAS7) are available: (1) The guideline-recommended UAS7, with once-daily documentation, and (2) the UAS7TD, with twice-daily documentation. OBJECTIVE: To better characterize both UAS7 versions with regard to their validity, reliability, sensitivity to change, minimal important difference (MID), and smallest detectable change (SDC)...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102157/the-ultrasound-clinical-arthritis-activity-us-clara-index-properties-of-a-new-composite-disease-activity-index-for-rheumatoid-arthritis
#11
Fausto Salaffi, Marco Di Carlo, Florenzo Iannone, Anna Laura Fedele, Oscar Massimiliano Epis, Raffaele Pellerito, Rosario Foti, Giuseppe Passiu, Leonardo Punzi, Federica Furini, Piercarlo Sarzi-Puttini, Antonio Carletto, Elisa Gremese, Giovanni Lapadula, Gianfranco Ferraccioli
OBJECTIVE: To assess validity, responsiveness and interpretability of the UltraSound-CLinical ARthritis Activity (US-CLARA) index in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: In this longitudinal study were involved RA patients starting treatment with abatacept. Subjects were followed along three visits in the first 6 months of therapy and underwent a comprehensive clinimetric evaluation. Validity was explored correlating the baseline scores and the cumulative inflammatory burden of the US-CLARA with the other composite indices applied...
September 28, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100973/evaluating-psychiatric-symptoms-in-parkinson-s-disease-by-a-clinimetric-analysis-of-the-hopkins-symptom-checklist-scl-90-r
#12
Danilo Carrozzino, Bo Mohr Morberg, Chiara Siri, Gianni Pezzoli, Per Bech
Although psychiatric comorbidity in Parkinson's Disease (PD) has often been studied, the individual psychiatric symptoms have rarely been evaluated from a clinimetric point of view in an attempt to measure how much the symptoms have been bothering or distressing the PD patients. The current study is therefore aimed at evaluating from a clinimetric viewpoint the severity of psychiatric symptoms affecting PD patients by using the Hopkins Symptom Checklist (SCL-90-R) to show its measurement-driven construct validity (scalability)...
November 1, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100805/development-of-the-modified-simple-test-for-evaluating-hand-function-modified-stef-construct-reliability-validity-and-responsiveness
#13
Keisuke Irie, Hirokatsu Iseki, Satomi Okamoto, Kazuhiro Okamoto, Seiji Nishimura, Kenji Kagechika
STUDY DESIGN: Clinimetric evaluation study. INTRODUCTION: Despite the availability of numerous performance tests to measure finger dexterity, there is no international consensus on hand function evaluation. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the reliability, validity, and responsiveness of the modified version of the simple test for evaluating hand function (STEF), which is widely used in Japan. METHODS: The intrarater (n = 40) and inter-rater (n = 32) reliability of the modified STEF was evaluated by calculating the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), models (1,1) and (2,1), respectively, in healthy individuals...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093622/adalimumab-efficacy-in-enteropathic-spondyloarthritis-a-12-mo-observational-multidisciplinary-study
#14
Michele Maria Luchetti, Devis Benfaremo, Francesco Ciccia, Laura Bolognini, Monia Ciferri, Alessia Farinelli, Matteo Rossini, Piergiorgio Mosca, Giovanni Triolo, Armando Gabrielli
AIM: To report adalimumab (Ada) efficacy on articular-gastrointestinal disease and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with enteropathic spondyloarthritis (ES). METHODS: A cohort of 52 patients with ES was evaluated in the departments of gastroenterology and internal medicine. At baseline, all patients underwent assessment by an integrated gastro-rheumatologic evaluation of articular and gastrointestinal activity, as well patient reported outcomes (PROs) of the HRQoL questionnaires...
October 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081598/prevalence-of-anxiety-among-hungarian-subjects-with-parkinson-s-disease
#15
Márton Kovács, Attila Makkos, Rita Weintraut, Kázmér Karádi, József Janszky, Norbert Kovács
Although anxiety is one of the most frequent symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD), only a few clinical tools can efficiently and reliably detect its presence. The aim of the present study was to validate the Hungarian patient-rated version of Parkinson Anxiety Scale (PAS). A total of 190 PD patients were enrolled into the clinimetric validation phase of the study and another 590 participated in the cross-sectional screening phase. The presence of anxiety disorder was diagnosed based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders criteria...
2017: Behavioural Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075573/clinimetrics-of-the-upright-motor-control-test-in-chronic-stroke
#16
Frances Rom M Lunar, Edward James R Gorgon, Rolando T Lazaro
INTRODUCTION: Insufficient literature exists regarding the clinimetric properties of the Upright Motor Control Test Knee Extension and Flexion subtests (UMCT-KE and UMCT-KF, respectively). This study examined the interrater and test-retest reliability of these subtests, and determined the relationship between the UMCT-KE and a clinical measure of muscle function in a sample of adults with chronic stroke. METHODS: Three raters independently administered the UMCT-KE and UMCT-KF on adults with chronic stroke with spasticity/abnormal movement patterns...
October 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049436/minimal-nasolabial-incision-technique-for-nasolabial-fold-modification-in-patients-with-facial-paralysis
#17
Callum Faris, Alyssa Heiser, Nate Jowett, Tessa Hadlock
Importance: Creation of symmetrical nasolabial folds (NLFs) is important in the management of the paralyzed face. Established techniques use a linear incision in the NLF, and technical refinements now allow the linear incision to be omitted. Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective case series was conducted in a tertiary care setting from February 2, 2017, to June 7, 2017. Participants were all patients (N = 21) with peripheral facial paralysis who underwent NLF modification that used the minimal nasolabial incision technique at the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary Facial Nerve Center from February 1, 2015, through August 31, 2016...
October 12, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027941/verification-of-a-method-for-measuring-parkinson-s-disease-related-temporal-irregularity-in-spiral-drawings
#18
Somayeh Aghanavesi, Mevludin Memedi, Mark Dougherty, Dag Nyholm, Jerker Westin
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive movement disorder caused by the death of dopamine-producing cells in the midbrain. There is a need for frequent symptom assessment, since the treatment needs to be individualized as the disease progresses. The aim of this paper was to verify and further investigate the clinimetric properties of an entropy-based method for measuring PD-related upper limb temporal irregularities during spiral drawing tasks. More specifically, properties of a temporal irregularity score (TIS) for patients at different stages of PD, and medication time points were investigated...
October 13, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986470/quality-of-life-in-inflammatory-neuropathies-the-in-qol
#19
Thomas H P Draak, Catharina G Faber, Ingemar S J Merkies
BACKGROUND: No consensus exists which quality of life (QoL) measure should be used in patients with inflammatory neuropathies. Moreover, most QoL measures are ordinal-based scales with their known deficiencies. OBJECTIVES: To establish a new disease-specific interval-based QoL questionnaire in inflammatory neuropathies (IN-QoL) using the Rasch model and evaluate its scientific properties (validity, reliability and responsiveness). METHODS: 264 patients with inflammatory neuropathies completed six commonly used QoL questionnaires...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979894/judging-the-neonatal-abstinence-syndrome-assessment-tools-to-guide-future-tool-development-the-use-of-clinimetrics-as-opposed-to-psychometrics
#20
REVIEW
Philip M Westgate, Enrique Gomez-Pomar
In the face of the current Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS) epidemic, there is considerable variability in the assessment and management of infants with NAS. In this manuscript, we particularly focus on NAS assessment, with special attention given to the popular Finnegan Neonatal Abstinence Score (FNAS). A major instigator of the problem of variable practices is that multiple modified versions of the FNAS exist and continue to be proposed, including shortened versions. Furthermore, the validity of such assessment tools has been questioned, and as a result, the need for better tools has been suggested...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
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