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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090742/a-novel-scale-linking-potency-and-dosage-to-estimate-anticholinergic-exposure-in-older-adults-the-muscarinic-acetylcholinergic-receptor-antagonist-exposure-scale
#1
Therese T Klamer, Maarten Wauters, Majda Azermai, Carlos Durán, Thierry Christiaens, Monique Elseviers, Robert Vander Stichele
Quantification of the anticholinergic exposure insufficiently or imprecisely incorporates dosage information, leading to inaccurate estimations. The aim was to construct a novel scale, including potency and dosage for the quantification of the anticholinergic exposure in older adults. Potency information was retrieved from a previous systematic review. The dosage range for each drug was delineated in minimal, maintenance and maximal dosage for adults and older adults. Dosage information was collected from authoritative sources and reviewed in an expert panel...
November 7, 2016: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065441/clinimetric-evaluation-of-the-vascular-quality-of-life-questionnaire-in-patients-with-lower-limb-ischaemia
#2
A P Conijn, T B K Santema, S Bipat, M J W Koelemay, R J de Haan
OBJECTIVES: Although commonly used to measure health related quality of life in patients with lower limb ischaemia, the measurement properties of the VascuQol and its assumed underlying health dimensions have not been studied in depth. The objective of this study was therefore to evaluate aspects of reliability and validity of the Dutch version of the VascuQol in patients with intermittent claudication (IC) and critical limb ischaemia (CLI). METHODS: Two datasets containing 195 patients with IC and 150 patients with CLI were used...
January 4, 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060383/clinimetric-properties-of-the-glasgow-health-status-inventory-glasgow-benefit-inventory-peak-nasal-inspiratory-flow-and-4-phase-rhinomanometry-in-adults-with-nasal-obstruction
#3
M M H T van Egmond, N van Heerbeek, E L M Ter Haar, M M Rovers
BACKGROUND: The validity of many measurement instruments frequently used in rhinology is unknown. This study describes clinimetric properties of well-known subjective and objective outcomes, i.e., the Glasgow Health Status Inventory, Glasgow Benefit Inventory, Peak Nasal Inspiratory Flow, and 4-Phase Rhinomanometry, in adults with nasal obstruction. METHODOLOGY: Construct validity and responsiveness were determined in 111 patients. Inter-rater and intra-rater reliability were analysed in 30 patients...
January 6, 2017: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040656/squat-test-performance-and-execution-in-children-with-and-without-cerebral-palsy
#4
M M Eken, J Harlaar, A J Dallmeijer, E de Waard, C A M van Bennekom, H Houdijk
BACKGROUND: Knowledge on lower extremity strength is imperative to informed decision making for children with cerebral palsy (CP) with mobility problems. However, a functional and clinically feasible test is not available. We aimed to determine whether the squat test is suitable for this purpose by investigating test performance and execution in children with cerebral palsy and typically developing (TD) peers. METHODS: Squat test performance, defined by the number of two-legged squats until fatigue (max 20), was assessed in twenty children with bilateral CP (6-19years; gross motor function classification system I-III) and sixteen TD children (7-16years)...
December 18, 2016: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981814/evidence-based-algorithm-for-diagnosis-and-assessment-in-psoriatic-arthritis-results-by-italian-delphi-in-psoriatic-arthritis-idea
#5
G Lapadula, A Marchesoni, F Salaffi, R Ramonda, C Salvarani, L Punzi, L Costa, F Caso, D Simone, G Baiocchi, C Scioscia, M Di Carlo, R Scarpa, G Ferraccioli
Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is a chronic inflammatory disease involving skin, peripheral joints, entheses, and axial skeleton. The disease is frequently associated with extrarticular manifestations (EAMs) and comorbidities. In order to create a protocol for PsA diagnosis and global assessment of patients with an algorithm based on anamnestic, clinical, laboratory and imaging procedures, we established a DElphi study on a national scale, named Italian DElphi in psoriatic Arthritis (IDEA). After a literature search, a Delphi poll, involving 52 rheumatologists, was performed...
December 16, 2016: Reumatismo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935555/algoplus%C3%A2-scale-in-older-patients-with%C3%A2-dementia-a-reliable-real-world-pain%C3%A2-assessment-tool
#6
Fiammetta Monacelli, Alessio Signori, Laura Roffredo, Katiuscia Pace, Alessio Nencioni, Gisele Pickering, Macian Nicolas, Patrizio Odetti
Pain is still a neglected clinical issue in elderly people with dementia and/or communicative disorders, with an unacceptable higher rate of under diagnosis and under treatment. Cognitive deficit and emotional and psychological disturbances entangle pain symptoms, affecting patient self-report. So far, observational pain tools do not have fully adequate clinimetric properties and quality requirements for easy-to-use daily rating. Older patients with dementia represent a clinical challenge. The assessment of pain is important for improving clinical outcomes, such as functional status, frailty trajectories, comorbidity, and quality of life...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913063/a-novel-approach-to-falls-classification-in-parkinson-s-disease-development-of-the-fall-related-activity-classification-frac
#7
Annie Ross, Alison J Yarnall, Lynn Rochester, Sue Lord
BACKGROUND: Falls are a major problem for people with Parkinson's disease (PD). Despite years of focused research knowledge of falls aetiology is poor. This may be partly due to classification approaches which conventionally report fall frequency. This nosology is blunt, and does not take into account causality or the circumstances in which the fall occurred. For example, it is likely that people who fall from a postural transition are phenotypically different to those who fall during high level activities...
September 3, 2016: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900339/an-ecological-study-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-part-1-clinical-tests-do-not-correlate-with-return-to-sport-outcomes
#8
Timothy M McGrath, Gordon Waddington, Jennie M Scarvell, Nick Ball, Rob Creer, Kevin Woods, Damian Smith, Roger Adams
BACKGROUND: Additional high-quality prospective studies are needed to better define the objective criteria used in relation to return-to-sport decisions after synthetic (ligament advanced reinforcement system [LARS]) and autograft (hamstring tendon [2ST/2GR]) anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction in active populations. PURPOSE: To prospectively investigate and describe the recovery of objective clinical outcomes after autograft (2ST/2GR) and synthetic (LARS) ACL reconstructions, as well as to investigate the relationship between these clinimetric test outcomes and return-to-sport activity (Tegner activity scale [TAS] score) at 12 and 24 months postoperatively...
November 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899223/-test-d-%C3%A3-valuation-des-membres-sup%C3%A3-rieurs-des-personnes-%C3%A3-g%C3%A3-es-%C3%A2-tempa-to-assess-upper-limb-activity-in-parkinson-s-disease
#9
Paula Ruiz de Freitas, Ana Elisa Lemos, Mariana Palla Santos, Stella Maris Michaelsen, Clynton Lourenço Corrêa, Alessandra Swarowsky
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional and observational study. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Assess upper limb (UL) activity limitations using the "Test d'Evaluation des Membres Supérieurs Des Personnes Agées" (TEMPA) in individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) and verify its clinimetrics properties. METHODS: The following were evaluated: internal consistency, interrater and test-retest reliability; concurrent validity; convergent validity; know group's validity; minimal detectable change, floor and ceiling effects, and the relationship between UL activity limitations and the presence of freezing of gait...
November 26, 2016: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859341/quality-of-life-before-and-after-different-treatment-modalities-in-peripheral-facial-palsy-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Robin E Luijmes, Sjaak Pouwels, Carien H G Beurskens, Ingrid J Kleiss, Ietske Siemann, Koen J A O Ingels
OBJECTIVES: A systematic review was conducted to investigate the effect of peripheral facial palsy (PFP) on the quality of life (QoL). Secondly, we investigated if different treatment modalities influence the QoL of patients with PFP. METHODS: A multidatabase systematic literature search was performed using the following databases: PubMed, Embase, MEDLINE, and The Cochrane Library from the earliest date of each database up to August 2015. The inclusion criteria were either prospective and/or retrospective cohort trials and/or case series measurement of QoL before and after treatment, patients with PFP (irrespective of etiology), and various treatment modalities (medication, physical therapy, botulinum toxin injections, and several types of surgical procedures)...
November 12, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852257/assessing-functional-recovery-shortly-after-knee-or-hip-arthroplasty-a-comparison-of-the-clinimetric-properties-of-four-tools
#11
Stéphane Poitras, Kristi S Wood, Jacinthe Savard, Geoffrey F Dervin, Paul E Beaulé
BACKGROUND: Following hip or knee arthroplasty, it is clinically warranted to get patients functional as quickly as possible. However, valid tools to assess function shortly after knee or hip arthroplasty are lacking. The objective was to compare the clinimetric properties of four instruments to assess function shortly after arthroplasty. METHODS: One hundred eight patients undergoing hip or knee arthroplasty were assessed preoperatively, 1 and 2 days postoperatively, and 2 and 6 weeks postoperatively with the Timed Up and Go (TUG), Iowa Level of Assistance Scale (ILAS), Postoperative Quality of Recovery Scale (PQRS), and Readiness for Hospital Discharge Scale (RHDS)...
November 16, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837158/development-of-a-quality-of-life-measure-for-hidradenitis-suppurativa
#12
Mia Sisic, Joslyn S Kirby, Sanwarjit Boyal, Lisa Plant, Chelsea McLellan, Jerry Tan
BACKGROUND: Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic skin disorder with adverse impacts on both physical and psychosocial well-being. There is presently no validated HS-specific quality-of-life (QoL) measure. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to develop a QoL instrument for HS (HS-QoL) in accordance with recommended standards. METHODS: Patient interviews (concept elicitation) and expert input were used to develop the conceptual framework for outcomes perceived important to patients with HS...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825293/translation-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-clinimetric-testing-of-instruments-used-to-assess-patients-with-ankle-sprain-in-the-brazilian-population
#13
Ronaldo Alves da Cunha, Fuad Ahmad Hazime, Maria Cecília da Silva Martins, Mateus Ferreira, Alberto de Castro Pochini, Benno Ejnisman
Study Design Clinical measurement study. Background Ankle sprain is a common condition. Therefore, translated, culturally adapted, and clinimetrically tested instruments for measuring the ankle are needed. Objectives To translate and cross-culturally adapt the Sports Athlete Foot and Ankle Score (SAFAS) and the global rating of change (GROC) into Brazilian Portuguese. This study also aimed to test the measurement properties of the SAFAS, the GROC, and the existing Brazilian-Portuguese versions of the numeric pain-rating scale (NPRS) and the ankle-hindfoot scale of the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) in a group with ankle sprain...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825057/how-does-delivery-method-influence-factors-that-contribute-to-women-s-childbirth-experiences
#14
Pierre Carquillat, Michel Boulvain, Marie-Julia Guittier
BACKGROUND: whether delivery method influences factors contributing to women's childbirth experience remains debated. OBJECTIVE: we compared subjective childbirth experience according to different delivery methods. DESIGN: this study used a cross-sectional design. SETTING: the setting comprised two university hospitals: one in Geneva, Switzerland and one in Clermont-Ferrand, France. PARTICIPANTS: a total of 291 primiparous women were recruited from July 2014 to January 2015 during their stay in the maternity wards...
December 2016: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796750/circulating-microrna-profiles-as-liquid-biopsies-for-the-characterization-and-diagnosis-of-fibromyalgia-syndrome
#15
Andrea Masotti, Antonella Baldassarre, Maria Paola Guzzo, Cristina Iannuccelli, Christian Barbato, Manuela Di Franco
This work was aimed at investigating the circulating microRNA (miRNA) profiles in serum and saliva of patients affected by fibromyalgia syndrome (FM), correlating their expression values with clinical and clinimetric parameters and to suggest a mathematical model for the diagnosis of FM. A number of 14 FM patients and sex- and age-matched controls were enrolled in our study. The expression of a panel of 179 miRNAs was evaluated by qPCR. Statistical analyses were performed in order to obtain a mathematical linear model, which could be employed as a supporting tool in the diagnosis of FM...
October 29, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774496/parkinson-s-impulse-control-scale-for-the-severity-rating-of-impulse-control-behaviors-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-semistructured-clinical-assessment-tool
#16
David Okai, Sally Askey-Jones, Joel Mack, Anne Martin, Kallol Ray Chaudhuri, Michael Samuel, Anthony S David, Richard G Brown
BACKGROUND: Impulse-control behaviors (ICBs) are increasingly recognized in Parkinson's disease (PD) as drug-related effects of dopaminergic mediation that occur in 15% to 35% of patients with PD. The authors describe the design and evaluation of a new, clinician-rated severity scale for the assessment of syndromal and subsyndromal forms of impulse-control disorders (ICDs), simple (punding) and complex (hobbyism) repetitive behaviors, and compulsive overuse of medication (dopamine dysregulation syndrome)...
September 2016: Movement Disorders Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744443/clinimetric-dilemmas-in-outcome-scales-for-mental-disorders
#17
Per Bech
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744431/use-of-the-psychosocial-index-a-sensitive-tool-in-research-and-practice
#18
Antonio Piolanti, Emanuela Offidani, Jenny Guidi, Sara Gostoli, Giovanni A Fava, Nicoletta Sonino
BACKGROUND: The Psychosocial Index (PSI) is a self-rating scale based on clinimetric principles that is simple to use in a busy clinical setting. It can be integrated by observer-rated clinical judgment, providing a first-line, comprehensive assessment of stress, well-being, distress, illness behavior, and quality of life. By calculation of scores, it can be used for conventional psychological measurements. Its clinical applications and clinimetric properties are reviewed. The present version of the PSI has been slightly revised...
2016: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708835/validation-of-the-spanish-version-of-the-edinburgh-feeding-evaluation-in-dementia-scale-applied-to-institutionalized-older-persons-with-dementia-a-study-protocol
#19
Maria Carmen Saucedo Figueredo, Juan Carlos Morilla Herrera, Roberto Ramos Gil, Maria Nieves Arjona Gómez, Felicisima García Dillana, Javier Martínez Blanco, Jose Miguel Morales Asencio
AIM: The aim of this study was to obtain a Spanish version of the Edinburgh Feeding Evaluation in Dementia Scale version, to assess its reliability for use by medical staff and caregivers at residential care homes, to evaluate by confirmatory methods its construct validity. A further aim was to determine the criterion validity with respect to biochemical markers of malnutrition such as serum albumin, transferrin, cholesterol and lymphocytes, the body mass index and the mini nutritional assessment...
October 2016: Nursing Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651921/systematic-review-of-patient-reported-outcome-measures-proms-for-assessing-disease-activity-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#20
Jos Hendrikx, Marieke J de Jonge, Jaap Fransen, Wietske Kievit, Piet Lcm van Riel
Patient assessment of disease activity in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) may be useful in clinical practice, offering a patient-friendly, location independent, and a time-efficient and cost-efficient means of monitoring the disease. The objective of this study was to identify patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) to assess disease activity in RA and to evaluate the measurement properties of these measures. Systematic literature searches were performed in the PubMed and EMBASE databases to identify articles reporting on clinimetric development or evaluation of PROM-based instruments to monitor disease activity in patients with RA...
2016: RMD Open
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