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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913063/a-novel-approach-to-falls-classification-in-parkinson-s-disease-development-of-the-fall-related-activity-classification-frac
#1
Annie Ross, Alison J Yarnall, Lynn Rochester, Sue Lord
BACKGROUND: Falls are a major problem for people with Parkinson's disease (PD). Despite years of focused research knowledge of falls aetiology is poor. This may be partly due to classification approaches which conventionally report fall frequency. This nosology is blunt, and does not take into account causality or the circumstances in which the fall occurred. For example, it is likely that people who fall from a postural transition are phenotypically different to those who fall during high level activities...
September 3, 2016: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900339/an-ecological-study-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-part-1-clinical-tests-do-not-correlate-with-return-to-sport-outcomes
#2
Timothy M McGrath, Gordon Waddington, Jennie M Scarvell, Nick Ball, Rob Creer, Kevin Woods, Damian Smith, Roger Adams
BACKGROUND: Additional high-quality prospective studies are needed to better define the objective criteria used in relation to return-to-sport decisions after synthetic (ligament advanced reinforcement system [LARS]) and autograft (hamstring tendon [2ST/2GR]) anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction in active populations. PURPOSE: To prospectively investigate and describe the recovery of objective clinical outcomes after autograft (2ST/2GR) and synthetic (LARS) ACL reconstructions, as well as to investigate the relationship between these clinimetric test outcomes and return-to-sport activity (Tegner activity scale [TAS] score) at 12 and 24 months postoperatively...
November 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899223/-test-d-%C3%A3-valuation-des-membres-sup%C3%A3-rieurs-des-personnes-%C3%A3-g%C3%A3-es-%C3%A2-tempa-to-assess-upper-limb-activity-in-parkinson-s-disease
#3
Paula Ruiz de Freitas, Ana Elisa Lemos, Mariana Palla Santos, Stella Maris Michaelsen, Clynton Lourenço Corrêa, Alessandra Swarowsky
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional and observational study. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Assess upper limb (UL) activity limitations using the "Test d'Evaluation des Membres Supérieurs Des Personnes Agées" (TEMPA) in individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) and verify its clinimetrics properties. METHODS: The following were evaluated: internal consistency, interrater and test-retest reliability; concurrent validity; convergent validity; know group's validity; minimal detectable change, floor and ceiling effects, and the relationship between UL activity limitations and the presence of freezing of gait...
November 26, 2016: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859341/quality-of-life-before-and-after-different-treatment-modalities-in-peripheral-facial-palsy-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Robin E Luijmes, Sjaak Pouwels, Carien H G Beurskens, Ingrid J Kleiss, Ietske Siemann, Koen J A O Ingels
OBJECTIVES: A systematic review was conducted to investigate the effect of peripheral facial palsy (PFP) on the quality of life (QoL). Secondly, we investigated if different treatment modalities influence the QoL of patients with PFP. METHODS: A multidatabase systematic literature search was performed using the following databases: PubMed, Embase, MEDLINE, and The Cochrane Library from the earliest date of each database up to August 2015. The inclusion criteria were either prospective and/or retrospective cohort trials and/or case series measurement of QoL before and after treatment, patients with PFP (irrespective of etiology), and various treatment modalities (medication, physical therapy, botulinum toxin injections, and several types of surgical procedures)...
November 12, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852257/assessing-functional-recovery-shortly-after-knee-or-hip-arthroplasty-a-comparison-of-the-clinimetric-properties-of-four-tools
#5
Stéphane Poitras, Kristi S Wood, Jacinthe Savard, Geoffrey F Dervin, Paul E Beaulé
BACKGROUND: Following hip or knee arthroplasty, it is clinically warranted to get patients functional as quickly as possible. However, valid tools to assess function shortly after knee or hip arthroplasty are lacking. The objective was to compare the clinimetric properties of four instruments to assess function shortly after arthroplasty. METHODS: One hundred eight patients undergoing hip or knee arthroplasty were assessed preoperatively, 1 and 2 days postoperatively, and 2 and 6 weeks postoperatively with the Timed Up and Go (TUG), Iowa Level of Assistance Scale (ILAS), Postoperative Quality of Recovery Scale (PQRS), and Readiness for Hospital Discharge Scale (RHDS)...
November 16, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837158/development-of-a-quality-of-life-measure-for-hidradenitis-suppurativa
#6
Mia Sisic, Joslyn S Kirby, Sanwarjit Boyal, Lisa Plant, Chelsea McLellan, Jerry Tan
BACKGROUND: Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic skin disorder with adverse impacts on both physical and psychosocial well-being. There is presently no validated HS-specific quality-of-life (QoL) measure. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to develop a QoL instrument for HS (HS-QoL) in accordance with recommended standards. METHODS: Patient interviews (concept elicitation) and expert input were used to develop the conceptual framework for outcomes perceived important to patients with HS...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825293/translation-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-clinimetric-testing-of-instruments-used-to-assess-patients-with-ankle-sprain-in-the-brazilian-population
#7
Ronaldo Alves da Cunha, Fuad Ahmad Hazime, Maria Cecília da Silva Martins, Mateus Ferreira, Alberto de Castro Pochini, Benno Ejnisman
Study Design Clinical measurement study. Background Ankle sprain is a common condition. Therefore, translated, culturally adapted, and clinimetrically tested instruments for measuring the ankle are needed. Objectives To translate and cross-culturally adapt the Sports Athlete Foot and Ankle Score (SAFAS) and the global rating of change (GROC) into Brazilian Portuguese. This study also aimed to test the measurement properties of the SAFAS, the GROC, and the existing Brazilian-Portuguese versions of the numeric pain-rating scale (NPRS) and the ankle-hindfoot scale of the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) in a group with ankle sprain...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825057/how-does-delivery-method-influence-factors-that-contribute-to-women-s-childbirth-experiences
#8
Pierre Carquillat, Michel Boulvain, Marie-Julia Guittier
BACKGROUND: whether delivery method influences factors contributing to women's childbirth experience remains debated. OBJECTIVE: we compared subjective childbirth experience according to different delivery methods. DESIGN: this study used a cross-sectional design. SETTING: the setting comprised two university hospitals: one in Geneva, Switzerland and one in Clermont-Ferrand, France. PARTICIPANTS: a total of 291 primiparous women were recruited from July 2014 to January 2015 during their stay in the maternity wards...
October 8, 2016: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796750/circulating-microrna-profiles-as-liquid-biopsies-for-the-characterization-and-diagnosis-of-fibromyalgia-syndrome
#9
Andrea Masotti, Antonella Baldassarre, Maria Paola Guzzo, Cristina Iannuccelli, Christian Barbato, Manuela Di Franco
This work was aimed at investigating the circulating microRNA (miRNA) profiles in serum and saliva of patients affected by fibromyalgia syndrome (FM), correlating their expression values with clinical and clinimetric parameters and to suggest a mathematical model for the diagnosis of FM. A number of 14 FM patients and sex- and age-matched controls were enrolled in our study. The expression of a panel of 179 miRNAs was evaluated by qPCR. Statistical analyses were performed in order to obtain a mathematical linear model, which could be employed as a supporting tool in the diagnosis of FM...
October 29, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774496/parkinson-s-impulse-control-scale-for-the-severity-rating-of-impulse-control-behaviors-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-semistructured-clinical-assessment-tool
#10
David Okai, Sally Askey-Jones, Joel Mack, Anne Martin, Kallol Ray Chaudhuri, Michael Samuel, Anthony S David, Richard G Brown
BACKGROUND: Impulse-control behaviors (ICBs) are increasingly recognized in Parkinson's disease (PD) as drug-related effects of dopaminergic mediation that occur in 15% to 35% of patients with PD. The authors describe the design and evaluation of a new, clinician-rated severity scale for the assessment of syndromal and subsyndromal forms of impulse-control disorders (ICDs), simple (punding) and complex (hobbyism) repetitive behaviors, and compulsive overuse of medication (dopamine dysregulation syndrome)...
September 2016: Movement Disorders Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744443/clinimetric-dilemmas-in-outcome-scales-for-mental-disorders
#11
Per Bech
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744431/use-of-the-psychosocial-index-a-sensitive-tool-in-research-and-practice
#12
Antonio Piolanti, Emanuela Offidani, Jenny Guidi, Sara Gostoli, Giovanni A Fava, Nicoletta Sonino
BACKGROUND: The Psychosocial Index (PSI) is a self-rating scale based on clinimetric principles that is simple to use in a busy clinical setting. It can be integrated by observer-rated clinical judgment, providing a first-line, comprehensive assessment of stress, well-being, distress, illness behavior, and quality of life. By calculation of scores, it can be used for conventional psychological measurements. Its clinical applications and clinimetric properties are reviewed. The present version of the PSI has been slightly revised...
2016: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708835/validation-of-the-spanish-version-of-the-edinburgh-feeding-evaluation-in-dementia-scale-applied-to-institutionalized-older-persons-with-dementia-a-study-protocol
#13
Maria Carmen Saucedo Figueredo, Juan Carlos Morilla Herrera, Roberto Ramos Gil, Maria Nieves Arjona Gómez, Felicisima García Dillana, Javier Martínez Blanco, Jose Miguel Morales Asencio
AIM: The aim of this study was to obtain a Spanish version of the Edinburgh Feeding Evaluation in Dementia Scale version, to assess its reliability for use by medical staff and caregivers at residential care homes, to evaluate by confirmatory methods its construct validity. A further aim was to determine the criterion validity with respect to biochemical markers of malnutrition such as serum albumin, transferrin, cholesterol and lymphocytes, the body mass index and the mini nutritional assessment...
October 2016: Nursing Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651921/systematic-review-of-patient-reported-outcome-measures-proms-for-assessing-disease-activity-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#14
Jos Hendrikx, Marieke J de Jonge, Jaap Fransen, Wietske Kievit, Piet Lcm van Riel
Patient assessment of disease activity in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) may be useful in clinical practice, offering a patient-friendly, location independent, and a time-efficient and cost-efficient means of monitoring the disease. The objective of this study was to identify patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) to assess disease activity in RA and to evaluate the measurement properties of these measures. Systematic literature searches were performed in the PubMed and EMBASE databases to identify articles reporting on clinimetric development or evaluation of PROM-based instruments to monitor disease activity in patients with RA...
2016: RMD Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633940/validity-and-reliability-of-skill-related-fitness-tests-for-wheelchair-using-youth-with-spina-bifida
#15
Manon At Bloemen, Tim Takken, Frank Jg Backx, Marleen Vos, Cas Ljj Kruitwagen, Janke F de Groot
OBJECTIVE: To determine content validity of the Muscle Power Sprint Test (MPST) and construct validity and reliability of the MPST, 10x5 Meter Sprint Test (10x5MST), slalom test and one stroke push test (1SPT) in wheelchair-using youth with spina bifida (SB). DESIGN: Clinimetric study SETTING: Rehabilitation centers, SB outpatient services, private practices PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample of 53 children (5-19 years, 32 boys / 21 girls) with SB who use a manual wheelchair...
September 12, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27488220/functional-status-score-for-the-icu-an-international-clinimetric-analysis-of-validity-responsiveness-and-minimal-important-difference
#16
Minxuan Huang, Kitty S Chan, Jennifer M Zanni, Selina M Parry, Saint-Clair G B Neto, Jose A A Neto, Vinicius Z M da Silva, Michelle E Kho, Dale M Needham
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the internal consistency, validity, responsiveness, and minimal important difference of the Functional Status Score for the ICU, a physical function measure designed for the ICU. DESIGN: Clinimetric analysis. SETTINGS: Five international datasets from the United States, Australia, and Brazil. PATIENTS: Eight hundred nineteen ICU patients. INTERVENTION: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Clinimetric analyses were initially conducted separately for each data source and time point to examine generalizability of findings, with pooled analyses performed thereafter to increase power of analyses...
August 3, 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27445869/the-clinical-link-between-type-d-personality-and-diabetes
#17
REVIEW
Chiara Conti, Danilo Carrozzino, Chiara Patierno, Ester Vitacolonna, Mario Fulcheri
INTRODUCTION: Type D personality consists of a mixture of high levels of negative affectivity and social inhibition, resulting in a stable tendency to experience negative emotions, by inhibiting the expression of these emotions. We have reanalyzed the clinically relevant studies examining the role of this personality profile in diabetes, by providing a qualitative synthesis of the data. In this regard, the aim of this study is to provide a systematic review by evaluating the clinical link between Type D personality and diabetes...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27445756/reliable-and-rapid-robotic-assessment-of-wrist-proprioception-using-a-gauge-position-matching-paradigm
#18
Mike D Rinderknecht, Werner L Popp, Olivier Lambercy, Roger Gassert
Quantitative assessments of position sense are essential for the investigation of proprioception, as well as for diagnosis, prognosis and treatment planning for patients with somatosensory deficits. Despite the development and use of various paradigms and robotic tools, their clinimetric properties are often poorly evaluated and reported. A proper evaluation of the latter is essential to compare results between different studies and to identify the influence of possible confounds on outcome measures. The aim of the present study was to perform a comprehensive evaluation of a rapid robotic assessment of wrist proprioception using a passive gauge position matching task...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27440225/the-danish-neck-disability-index-new-insights-into-factor-structure-generalizability-and-responsiveness
#19
Henrik H Lauridsen, Lotte O'Neill, Alice Kongsted, Jan Hartvigsen
OBJECTIVE: To (1) translate and culturally adapt and (2) determine the clinimetric properties of the Danish 8-item Neck Disability Index (NDI-8) in primary sector patients (PSPs) and secondary sector patients (SSPs). METHODS: Analyses included 326 patients with neck pain. Validity and reliability were assessed using a cross-validation factor analytical design, hypothesis testing, internal consistency, measurement error, the smallest detectable change (SDC), and a generalizability study...
July 21, 2016: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27432770/applicability-of-generic-quality-indicators-for-appropriate-antibiotic-use-in-daily-hospital-practice-a-cross-sectional-point-prevalence-multicenter-study
#20
C M A van den Bosch, M E J L Hulscher, S Natsch, J Wille, J M Prins, S E Geerlings
The ability to monitor the appropriateness of hospital antibiotic use is a key element of an effective antibiotic stewardship program. A set of 11 generic quality indicators (QIs) was previously developed to assess the quality of antibiotic use in hospitalized adults treated for a bacterial infection. The primary aim of the current study was to assess the clinimetric properties of these QIs (nine process and two structure indicators) in daily clinical practice. In a cross-sectional point-prevalence survey, performed in 2011 and 2012, 1890 inpatients from 22 hospitals in the Netherlands treated with antibiotics for a suspected bacterial infection were included, and data were extracted from medical records...
July 16, 2016: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
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