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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922830/connectivity-neurofeedback-training-can-differentially-change-functional-connectivity-and-cognitive-performance
#1
Ayumu Yamashita, Shunsuke Hayasaka, Mitsuo Kawato, Hiroshi Imamizu
Advances in functional magnetic resonance imaging have made it possible to provide real-time feedback on brain activity. Neurofeedback has been applied to therapeutic interventions for psychiatric disorders. Since many studies have shown that most psychiatric disorders exhibit abnormal brain networks, a novel experimental paradigm named connectivity neurofeedback, which can directly modulate a brain network, has emerged as a promising approach to treat psychiatric disorders. Here, we investigated the hypothesis that connectivity neurofeedback can induce the aimed direction of change in functional connectivity, and the differential change in cognitive performance according to the direction of change in connectivity...
October 1, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922818/-if-i-ever-have-to-go-to-prison-i-hope-it-s-a-russian-prison-british-labour-social-democracy-and-soviet-communism-1919-25
#2
Max Hodgson
Through the inter-war period, the USSR became an example of 'socialism in action' that the British labour movement could both look towards and define itself against. British visitors both criticized and acclaimed aspects of the new Soviet state between 1919 and 1925, but a consistently exceptional finding was the Soviet prison. Analysing the visits and reports of British guests to Soviet prisons, the aims of this article are threefold. Using new material from the Russian archives, it demonstrates the development of an intense admiration for, and often a desire to replicate, the Soviet penal system on the part of Labour members, future Communists, and even Liberals who visited Soviet Russia...
September 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922800/changes-in-fibre-adherent-and-fluid-associated-microbial-communities-and-fermentation-profiles-in-the-rumen-of-cattle-fed-diets-differing-in-hay-quality-and-concentrate-amount
#3
Fenja Klevenhusen, Renee M Petri, Maria-Theresia Kleefisch, Ratchaneewan Khiaosa-Ard, Barbara U Metzler-Zebeli, Qendrim Zebeli
The rumen microbiota enable important metabolic functions to the host cattle. Feeding of starch-rich concentrate feedstuffs to cattle has been demonstrated to increase the risk of metabolic disorders and to significantly alter the rumen microbiome. Thus, alternative feeding strategies like the use of high-quality hay, rich in sugars, as an alternative energy source need to be explored. The aim of this study was to investigate changes in rumen microbial abundances in the liquid and solid-associated fraction of cattle fed two hay qualities differing in sugar content with graded amounts of starchy concentrate feeds using Illumina MiSeq sequencing and quantitative polymerase chain reaction...
September 1, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922737/economic-evaluations-of-internet-and-mobile-based-interventions-for-the-treatment-and-prevention-of-depression-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Sarah Paganini, Wiebke Teigelkötter, Claudia Buntrock, Harald Baumeister
BACKGROUND: Internet- and mobile-based interventions (IMIs) targeting depression have been shown to be clinically effective and are considered a cost-effective complement to established interventions. The aim of this review was to provide an overview of the evidence for the cost-effectiveness of IMIs for the treatment and prevention of depression. METHODS: A systematic database search was conducted (Medline, PsychInfo, CENTRAL, PSYNDEX, OHE HEED). Relevant articles were selected according to defined eligibility criteria...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922736/reduced-white-matter-integrity-in-borderline-personality-disorder-a-diffusion-tensor-imaging-study
#5
Taiga Ninomiya, Harumi Oshita, Yoshihisa Kawano, Chiharu Goto, Mai Matsuhashi, Koji Masuda, Fuku Takita, Toshihiko Izumi, Ayako Inoue, Haruka Higuma, Masayuki Kanehisa, Jotaro Akiyoshi
BACKGROUND: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) has a pervasive pattern of instability in interpersonal relationships, self-image, and emotions. BPD may be linked to an abnormal brain anatomy, but little is known about possible impairments of the white matter microstructure in BPD or their relationship with impulsivity or risky behaviors. The aims of the present study were to explore the relationship between BPD and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) parameters and psychological tests. METHODS: We evaluated 35 un-medicated BPD patients in a medication-free state and 50 healthy controls (HCs)...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922732/physcion-8-o-%C3%AE-glucopyranosideregulates-cell-cycle-apoptosis-and-invasion-in-glioblastoma-cells-through-modulating-skp2
#6
Wen Li, Fuxia Li, Yanfang Zhu, Daqing Song
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common malignant glioma in the central nervous system. This study aimed to investigate the anti-tumor activity of physcion 8-O-β-glucopyranoside (PG) in GBM cells. This showed that PG could significantly block cell cycle progression, induce apoptosis, and suppress invasion in both model GBM cell lines (U87 and U251). At the molecular level, PG repressed the expression of S-phase kinase protein 2 (Skp2), which was responsible for the anti-tumor effect of PG in GBM cells...
September 14, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922721/hydroalcoholic-extract-of-stevia-rebaudiana-bert-leaves-and-stevioside-ameliorates-lipopolysaccharide-induced-acute-liver-injury-in-rats
#7
Latha S, Sheetal Chaudhary, Ray R S
Oxidative stress and hepatic inflammatory response is primarily implicated in the pathogenesis of LPS induced acute liver injury. Stevioside, a diterpenoidal glycoside isolated from the Stevia rebaudiana leaves, exerts potent anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory activities. The present study was aimed to investigate the hepatoprotective effect of hydroalcoholic extract of Stevia rebaudiana leaves (STE EXT) and its major phytochemical constituent, stevioside (STE) in LPS induced acute liver injury...
September 13, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922716/quaternary-ammonium-groups-modified-starch-microspheres-for-instant-hemorrhage-control
#8
Fangping Chen, Xiaoyan Cao, Junxia Yu, Huantong Su, Shuda Wei, Hua Hong, Changsheng Liu
Instant rapid hemostasis is crucial not only for decreasing mortality in these conditions, but also for optimal recovery. The hemostatic agents on the market suffer from inefficiency hemostasis, nondegradability, high cost and potential safety issues. It is necessary to develop a hemostatic agent with rapid hemostatic performance, potent biodegradation and improved biocompatibility. The aim of this work was to develop a novel type of cationic modified starch microspheres (CS) and investigate its hemostatic performance...
August 24, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922709/non-drainage-versus-drainage-in-tourniquet-free-knee-arthroplasty-a-prospective-trial
#9
Kai Zhou, Haoyang Wang, Jinglong Li, Duan Wang, Zongke Zhou, Fuxing Pei
BACKGROUND: It is still unknown whether drainage is necessary and non-drainage is safe and acceptable after tourniquet-free total knee arthroplasty (TKA). We aim to investigate whether non-drainage use is accepted in TKA that is performed without a tourniquet. METHODS: Clinical data of 80 adult patients who did or did not receive drainage in our centres from August 2015 to December 2015 were prospective investigated. RESULTS: The drainage group exhibited reduced hidden blood loss (47...
September 18, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922706/functional-outcome-of-low-rectal-resection-evaluated-by-anorectal-manometry
#10
Peter Ihnát, Petr Vávra, Jiří Prokop, Anton Pelikán, Lucia Ihnát Rudinská, Igor Penka
BACKGROUND: Low anterior resection syndrome (LARS) covers disordered bowel function after rectal resection, leading to deterioration in patients' quality of life. The aim of this study was to evaluate anorectal function after laparoscopic low anterior resection (LAR) by means of standardized instruments. METHODS: This was a prospective clinical cohort study conducted in a single institution to assess functional outcome of patients 1 year after laparoscopic LAR by means of LARS score and high-resolution anorectal manometry...
September 18, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922697/low-frequency-ranibizumab-versus-dexamethasone-implant-for-macular-oedema-secondary-to-branch-retinal-vein-occlusion
#11
Bora Yuksel, Omer Karti, Ozan Celik, Suleyman Gokhan Kerci, Tuncay Kusbeci
BACKGROUND: The aim was to make a real-world comparison of the efficacy of ranibizumab, dexamethasone and grid laser treatments in macular oedema due to branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO). METHODS: Forty-four eyes of 44 consecutive patients with macular oedema secondary to BRVO were included. Treatment arms comprised standard care (StCARE, n = 15), intravitreal ranibizumab (RNB, n = 14) and dexamethasone implant (DEX, n = 15). No rescue laser was performed in DEX and RNB groups...
September 18, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922696/does-air-gas-aesthesiometry-generate-a-true-mechanical-stimulus-for-corneal-sensitivity-measurement
#12
Daniela S Nosch, Heiko Pult, Julie Albon, Christine Purslow, Paul J Murphy
BACKGROUND: Belmonte Ocular Pain Meter (OPM) air jet aesthesiometry overcomes some of the limitations of the Cochet-Bonnet aesthesiometer. However, for true mechanical corneal sensitivity measurement, the airflow stimulus temperature of the aesthesiometer must equal ocular surface temperature (OST), to avoid additional response from temperature-sensitive nerves. The aim of this study was to determine: (A) the stimulus temperature inducing no or least change in OST; and (B) to evaluate if OST remains unchanged with different stimulus durations and airflow rates...
September 18, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922695/strategies-for-detecting-colon-cancer-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#13
REVIEW
William A Bye, Tran M Nguyen, Claire E Parker, Vipul Jairath, James E East
BACKGROUND: Patients with longstanding ulcerative colitis and colonic Crohn's disease have an increased risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) compared with the general population. This review assessed the evidence that endoscopic surveillance may prolong life by allowing earlier detection of CRC or its pre-cursor lesion, dysplasia, in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of cancer surveillance programs for diagnosis of IBD-associated colorectal cancer and in reducing the mortality rate from colorectal cancer in patients with IBD...
September 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922694/a-novel-c-240_241insgg-mutation-in-ndp-gene-in-a-family-with-norrie-disease
#14
Monavvar Andarva, Javad Jamshidi, Hamid Ghaedi, Narsis Daftarian, Babak Emamalizadeh, Elham Alehabib, Shaghyegh Taghavi, Ramin Pouriran, Hossein Darvish
BACKGROUND: Norrie disease (ND) is a rare, X-linked recessive disorder with the main characteristic of early childhood blindness. The aim of the present study was to identify the genetic cause of the disease and the phenotypic characteristics of the patients in an Iranian family with four affected males with ND. METHODS: Norrie disease pseudoglioma (NDP) gene was sequenced and clinical examination was performed on patients. RESULTS: A GG dinucleotide insertion in exon 3 (c...
September 18, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922689/changing-face-of-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-in-melbourne-over-12%C3%A2-years
#15
Niranjan J Sathianathen, Alastair Lamb, Nathan L Lawrentschuk, Jeremy R Goad, Justin Peters, Anthony J Costello, Declan G Murphy, Daniel A Moon
BACKGROUND: This study aims to characterize the trends in disease presentation for robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) over a 12-year period in Melbourne, Australia. METHODS: All patients undergoing an RARP between 2004 and October 2016 while under the care of six high-volume surgeons were included in this study. Data were collected prospectively regarding patient demographics and clinical details of their cancer. RESULTS: Over the 12-year time span of the study, 3075 men underwent an RARP with a median age of 63...
September 18, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922676/combination-therapy-of-intravenous-steroids-and-orbital-irradiation-is-more-effective-than-intravenous-steroids-alone-in-patients-with-graves-orbitopathy
#16
Michael Oeverhaus, Tobias Witteler, Hildegard Lax, Joachim Esser, Dagmar Führer, Anja Eckstein
The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the efficacy of intravenous (iv) glucocorticoids (GCs) with and without orbital radiotherapy (ORT) in a retrospective analysis of patients with active, moderate-to-severe Graves' orbitopathy (GO). Since diplopia has the strongest impact on quality of life, a careful work up of motility and binocular single vision (BSV) has been performed. The Essen-EUGOGO-Center database (n=3655) was screened for patients with untreated moderate-to-severe, active GO, onset ≤12 months...
September 18, 2017: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922662/treatment-of-autoimmune-glial-fibrillary-acidic-protein-astrocytopathy-follow-up-in-7-cases
#17
Xinguang Yang, Junyan Liang, Qingmei Huang, Huiming Xu, Cong Gao, Youming Long, Xiaoyu Xiao
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to report an autoimmune glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) astrocytopathy with long-term follow-up in 7 patients. METHODS: Antibodies were detected by indirect immunofluorescence assay and patient data were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: Seven patients (4 female, 3 male) with ≥1 year follow-up were included. All patients had positive GFAP antibodies in their cerebral spinal fluid (CSF). Their median age at disease onset was 56 years (range 27-69) and the median disease duration was 1 year (range 1-4)...
September 19, 2017: Neuroimmunomodulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922660/mitochondrial-dysfunction-and-altered-renal-metabolism-in-dahl-salt-sensitive-rats
#18
Zhengjun Wang, Qiong Sun, Na Sun, Mingyu Liang, Zhongmin Tian
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The kidney plays a critical role in the control of blood pressure and its elevation in salt-induced hypertension. Mitochondrial dysfunction, especially in energy metabolism, has been associated with hypertension. Here, we aimed to investigate mitochondrial function and metabolic features in renal mitochondria of Dahl salt-sensitive (SS) rats to gain further insight into the relationship between mitochondrial metabolism and predisposition to hypertension. METHODS: In this study, SS rats fed low-salt (LS) or high-salt (HS) diets were used to investigate mitochondrial function and metabolism including mitochondrial enzyme activities, pyridine nucleotides, metabolites, and oxidative stress by biochemical analysis and gas chromatography-mass spectrometer (GC-MS)...
September 19, 2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922658/impact-of-minimally-invasive-surfactant-therapy-in-preterm-infants-at-29-32-weeks-gestation
#19
Peter A Dargaville, Sanoj K M Ali, Hamish D Jackson, Christopher Williams, Antonio G De Paoli
BACKGROUND: Most preterm infants born at 29-32 weeks gestation now avoid intubation in early life, and thus lack the usual conduit through which exogenous surfactant is given if needed. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to examine whether a technique of minimally invasive surfactant therapy used selectively at 29-32 weeks gestation would improve outcomes. METHODS: We studied the impact of selective administration of surfactant (poractant alfa 100-200 mg/kg) by thin catheter in infants with respiratory distress syndrome on continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)...
September 19, 2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922653/is-willems-method-universal-for-age-estimation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Jian Wang, Fang Ji, Yue Zhai, Hyun Park, Jiang Tao
Dental age (DA) has been widely accepted as a way to evaluate chronological age (CA) in recent years. However, the applicability of Willems method, as one of the most popular radiographic ways, still remains controversial in different areas. The aim of this study is to assess the difference between DA and CA with Willems method. Relevant studies published up to February 28th, 2017 were selected via PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, CNKI, CBM and manual search. Studies that examined Willems dental age and chronological age were selected...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
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