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cervical retractor

Antonio José Vargas López, Laín Hermes González Quarante, Oscar Lucas Gil de Sagredo Del Corral, Antonio Montalvo Afonso, Carlos Fernández Carballal
We describe an exceptional complication of cervical spine surgery in a 63-year-old male. He suffered the impact of a beam to the top of his head. During evaluation in the emergency room he reported intense neck pain with no other neurological symptoms or findings on physical examination. Spine computed tomography (CT) showed C3 vertebral body fracture that required surgical stabilization. A right side anterior approach to upper cervical spine with C3 corpectomy and placement of iliac bone autograft was performed...
September 2017: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
Jingwei Liu, Yong Hai, Nan Kang, Xiaolong Chen, Yangpu Zhang
PURPOSE: To conduct a systematic review of literature to determine risk factors and preventative measures of early and persistent dysphagia after anterior cervical spine surgery (ACSS). METHODS: On March 2017, we searched the database PubMed, Medline, EMBASE, the Cochrane library, Clinical key, Springer link and Wiley Online Library without time restriction using the term 'dysphagia', 'swallowing disorders', and 'anterior cervical spine surgery'. Selected papers were examined for the level of evidence by published guidelines as level I, level II, level III, level IV studies...
October 7, 2017: European Spine Journal
L Papavero, R Kothe
OBJECTIVE: To relieve foraminal root impingement due to lateral soft disc fragments, bony spurs, or other rarer causes. INDICATIONS: Soft disc fragment whose bulk is >2/3 lateral to the lateral border of the thecal sac. Intraforaminal dorsal bony narrowing of the root canal. Intraforaminal synovial cyst, extra/intradural tumor. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Paramedian and median soft/hard disc protrusions. Kyphosis of the index level. SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: Patient prone in reverse Trendelenburg position with the head fixed in a Mayfield clamp...
September 19, 2017: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
Ran-Ze Cai, Yin-Qing Wang, Rui Wang, Chun-Hua Wang, Chun-Mei Chen
This study aimed to investigate the clinical efficacy and outcome of combined microscope-assisted anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) with posterior minimally invasive surgery through tubular retractors for patients with multisegmental cervical spondylotic myelopathy (MCSM).This retrospective study included 28 patients (19 males and 9 females) with multisegmental cervical spondylotic myelopathy, who underwent combined microscope-assisted ACDF with posterior minimally invasive surgery through tubular retractors in our single center between January 2012 and December 2016...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Peyman Pakzaban
BACKGROUND: The technique for decompression of Chiari type I malformation relies on open exposure of craniocervical junction for suboccipital craniectomy and upper cervical laminectomy with or without duraplasty. There is no detailed technical report of a minimally invasive approach for Chiari decompression in adults. OBJECTIVE: To describe a mini-open technique for decompression of Chiari type I malformation (including duraplasty) in adults. METHODS: Six consecutive adult patients with symptomatic Chiari type I malformation underwent decompression through a 3 to 4 cm midline incision via a speculum retractor...
August 1, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
Junxiang Wen, Jianwei Xu, Lijun Li, Mingjie Yang, Jie Pan, Deyu Chen, Lianshun Jia, Jun Tan
STUDY DESIGN: In vitro biomechanical study of the cervical intervertebral distraction using a remodeled Caspar retractor. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the torques required for distraction to different heights in an in vitro C3-C4 anterior cervical distraction model using a remodeled Caspar retractor, focusing on the influence of the intervertebral disk, posterior longitudinal ligament (PLL), and ligamentum flavum (LF). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: No previous studies have reported on the torques required for distraction to various heights or the factors resisting distraction in anterior cervical discectomy and fusion...
June 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
Jesca Neftali Nogueira Silva, Priscila Ferreira de Andrade, Bruno Salles Sotto-Maior, Neuza Maria Souza Picorelli Assis, Antônio Carlos Pires Carvalho, Karina Lopes Devito
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of lip retraction on cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) assessment of bone and gingival tissues on the labial surface of the anterior maxilla. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study was conducted using measurements of bone and gingival tissues collected from 120 maxillary incisors. The thicknesses of the bone and gingival tissues of different regions were measured on CBCT images, with and without a lip retractor. The thicknesses of the gingival tissues obtained from CBCT were correlated with measurements performed by clinical probing...
June 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
Pierluigi Vergara
Background and Study Aims Cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) is the most common cause of spinal cord dysfunction in the elderly population. Surgery is usually successful in preventing any deterioration, as well as improving functional status and quality of life. This study assesses the safety and efficacy of minimally invasive microscopic posterior cervical decompression for the treatment of CSM. Materials and Methods A retrospective review of patients with myelopathy from cervical stenosis treated with minimally invasive posterior cervical decompression was performed...
September 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
Meliha Demiral, Ciğdem Binay, Enver Simsek, Hüseyin Ilhan
Horner syndrome (HS), caused by an interruption in the oculosympathetic pathway, is characterised by myosis, ipsilateral blepharoptosis, enophthalmos, facial anhydrosis, and vascular dilation of the lateral part of the face. HS is a rare complication of thyroidectomy. A 15-year-old female patient presented with solitary solid and large nodule in the right thyroid lobe. Ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration was performed and the cytological examination results were undefined. The patient underwent a total thyroidectomy...
2017: Case Reports in Endocrinology
W X Zhao, B Wang, S Y Yan, L Y Zhang
The incidence of papillary thyroid carcinoma is growing rapidly. Especially in young patients, the patients have high demand for better cosmetic effect and less psychological trauma. The application of laparoscope technique in papillary thyroid carcinoma surgery should meet the needs of patients. The development of needle assisted technique make it easy to access the neck potential fascial spaces, and provide the basic instrument for laparoscope modified neck dissection. The application of needle assisted techniques mainly include suture suspension and V type needle retractor, MiniLap, 3 mm laparoscopic apparatus...
November 1, 2016: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
Junxiang Wen, Jianwei Xu, Lijun Li, Mingjie Yang, Jie Pan, Deyu Chen, Lianshun Jia, Jun Tan
STUDY DESIGN: In vitro biomechanical study of cervical intervertebral distraction using a remodeled Caspar retractor. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the torques required for distraction to different heights in an in vitro C3-4 anterior cervical distraction model using a remodeled Caspar retractor, focusing on the influence of the intervertebral disc, posterior longitudinal ligament (PLL), and ligamentum flavum (LF). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: No previous studies have reported on the torques required for distraction to various heights or the factors resisting distraction in anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF)...
June 28, 2016: Clinical Spine Surgery
Alan D Legatt, Avra S Laarakker, Jonathan P Nakhla, Rani Nasser, David J Altschul
The authors report herein a case of anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) surgery in which findings on somatosensory evoked potential (SSEP) monitoring led to the correction of carotid artery compression in a patient with a vascularly isolated hemisphere (no significant collateral blood vessels to the carotid artery territory). The amplitude of the cortical SSEP component to left ulnar nerve stimulation progressively decreased in multiple runs, but there were no changes in the cervicomedullary SSEP component to the same stimulus...
November 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
Frank Cheau-Feng Lin, Tsung-Lin Yang, Min-Che Tung, Stella Chin-Shaw Tsai
BACKGROUND: Cystic hygroma is a rare benign abnormality of the lymphatic system generally occurring in young children less than 2 years old. The standard transcervical surgical treatment of cystic hygroma may often leave a permanent scar in the neck region. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of cystic hygroma in a 19-month-old Asian baby girl successfully treated with robot-assisted excision through a hairline neck-lift approach. We present the use of the Yang's retractor as an instrumental advancement to this surgical approach...
June 9, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Kyle Riley, Harshpal Singh, Scott A Meyer, Arthur L Jenkins
BACKGROUND: Cervical approaches to the dens are limited by the presence of several structures, including the spinal cord, vertebral arteries, C1 articular pillars, and C2 nerves. Surgical approaches to access the high anterior cervical spine classically encompass the extended anterior retropharyngeal route, transoral route, and extreme lateral route, each of which has its own pattern of morbidity or complications. Percutaneous procedures to drain infections in this area have a limited yield...
July 2016: World Neurosurgery
Iwa Kong, Sachi Vorunganti, Malti Patel, Thomas Farrell, Emilia Timotin, Sean Quinlan-Davidson, Greg Pond, Ranjan Sur, Robert Hunter
PURPOSE: To compare three rectal retraction methods on dose to organs at risk, focusing on rectal dose, in cervix cancer patients treated with high-dose-rate intracavitary brachytherapy. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A prospective study was conducted on patients with cervical carcinoma treated with chemoradiotherapy, including external beam radiation and four fractions of high-dose-rate intracavitary brachytherapy prescribed to Point A using a ring and tandem applicator under conscious sedation...
July 2016: Brachytherapy
Jordan L Hawkins, Paul L Durham
AIMS: To test the hypothesis that prolonged jaw opening, as can occur during routine dental procedures, increases nociceptive sensitivity of the masseter muscle and increases cytokine expression. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats were used to investigate behavioral and cellular changes in response to prolonged jaw opening. A surgical retractor was placed around the maxillary and mandibular incisors, and the jaw was held at near maximal opening for 20 minutes. Head-withdrawal responses to mechanical stimuli applied to the facial skin overlying the left and right masseter muscles were determined following jaw opening...
2016: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
Eiji Kobayashi, Mamoru Kakuda, Yusuke Tanaka, Akiko Morimoto, Tomomi Egawa-Takata, Shinya Matsuzaki, Yutaka Ueda, Kiyoshi Yoshino, Tadashi Kimura
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The study aims to prevent serious urologic injury during a radical hysterectomy; we propose that one of the most important procedural steps is the careful management of the vesicouterine ligament (VUL). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between January 2013 and October 2014, we used a novel internal retractor in 17 patients undergoing a laparoscopic radical hysterectomy (LRH) for early-stage cervical cancer to obtain and secure a better surgical view. For management of the VUL during the laparoscopic procedure, we routinely used an internal retractor (EndoGrab; Virtual Ports, Misgav, Israel) and vessel tape to reposition the ureter in a safe lateral-caudal direction...
2016: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
Kyoung Hyup Nam, Dong Ha Kim, Hwan Soo Kim, In Ho Han, Nari Shin, Byung Kwan Choi
STUDY DESIGN: A cadaveric study. OBJECTIVE: To investigate possible variations of posterior pharyngoesophageal (PE) wall thickness in the horizontal plane and their implications for anterior spine surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Lower cervical levels (C5-7) are most commonly involved in cases of PE injury, and PE wall thickness could be one of the proposed reasons for the high incidence of PE injuries at these levels. The purpose of this study was to document thickness variations of the posterior PE wall at different cervical spine levels, because the study could provide valuable anatomical information that could reduce iatrogenic injuries caused by retractors or instrumentation...
March 2016: Spine
Eisaku Ito, Hironori Ohdaira, Jungo Yasuda, Masashi Yoshida, Yutaka Suzuki
INTRODUCTION: Mediastinal goiter is a benign disease, which is defined as a goiter with the greater portion of its mass lying below the thoracic inlet. It is controversial whether the cervical approach is the best approach for all mediastinal goiter surgeries. CASE PRESENTATION: A 71-year-old woman presented with respiratory discomfort during exertion. Computed tomography (CT) revealed a mediastinal goiter extending to the arch of the aorta. Surgical resection was performed using a clavicle-lifting technique...
2015: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Junyoung Ahn, Ehsan Tabaraee, Daniel D Bohl, Kern Singh
The minimally invasive posterior cervical foraminotomy procedure has become a common and successful procedure for the treatment of cervical radiculopathy. Specifically, the minimally invasive approach allows for decreased postoperative pain, blood loss, and length of hospitalization by preserving the surrounding soft tissue as compared with the traditional open approach. This article and accompanying video demonstrates the technique for a primary, single-level minimally invasive posterior cervical foraminotomy as performed through a tubular retractor...
October 2015: Journal of Spinal Disorders & Techniques
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