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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740923/a-comparison-of-interfraction-setup-error-patient-comfort-and-therapist-acceptance-for-2-different-prostate-radiation-therapy-immobilization-devices
#1
Eric Pei Ping Pang, Kellie Knight, Marilyn Baird, Joshua Ming Quan Loh, Adelene Hwee San Boo, Jeffrey Kit Loong Tuan
PURPOSE: Our purpose was to investigate interfraction setup error of the immobilization device required to implement transperineal ultrasound compared with the current, standard immobilization device. Patient comfort and radiation therapist (RT) satisfaction were also assessed. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Cone beam computed tomography images were acquired before 4069 fractions from 111 patients (control group, n = 56; intervention group, n = 55) were analyzed. The intervention group was immobilized using the Clarity Immobilization System (CIS), comprising a knee rest with autoscan probe kit and transperineal ultrasound probe (n = 55), and control group using a leg immobilizer (LI) (n = 56)...
April 2017: Advances in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731288/radiation-therapists-perspectives-on-participating-in-research
#2
Georgia K B Halkett, Melissa Berg, Martin A Ebert, David Cutt, Michael Davis, Desley Hegney, Michael House, Michelle Judson, Rachel Kearvell, Michele Krawiec, Leanne Lester, Sharon Maresse, Peter McLoone, Jan McKay
INTRODUCTION: The objectives of this research were to: (1) determine the extent of Australian radiation therapists (RTs) research participation; (2) evaluate the impact of research involvement on career perceptions (3) explore which research topics require investigation and (4) identify benefits and barriers to research participation. METHODS: This study used mixed methods to collect qualitative and quantitative data using an online survey from a larger workforce study of RTs and radiation oncology medical physicists...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687289/occupational-burnout-among-radiation-therapists-in-australia-findings-from-a-mixed-methods-study
#3
N Singh, C Wright, K Knight, M Baird, D Akroyd, R D Adams, M E Schneider
INTRODUCTION: Evidence demonstrates that health care professionals in the palliative care context are more burned out than other health professionals. The aims of this study were to examine: (1) occupational burnout levels among radiation therapists in Australia, (2) association between demographic factors on burnout and (3) radiation therapists' perceptions of burnout. METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey including the Maslach Burnout Inventory was administered to Radiation Therapists in Australia...
August 2017: Radiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660295/-prostate-gland-what-would-urologists-like-to-know-from-radiologists
#4
REVIEW
U B Liehr, D Baumunk, S Blaschke, F Fischbach, B Friebe, F König, A Lemke, P Mittelstädt, M Pech, M Porsch, J Ricke, D Schindele, S Siedentopf, J J Wendler, M Schostak
A more than 100-year period, where the prostate was only seen and treated as a whole is coming to an end right now. Finally, high resolution imaging is providing deep insights and detailed information so that new therapeutic procedures can aim for the smallest targets within the gland. The long-standing wish of patients for individual noninvasive diagnostics and treatment of prostate diseases can now be fulfilled by providing new tailored concepts; however, in order to transfer the enormous amount of new information into the specific clinical patient situation, a closely knit interdisciplinary approach is required...
June 28, 2017: Der Radiologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646801/the-effects-of-exposure-to-low-frequency-electromagnetic-fields-on-male-fertility
#5
Mahsa Darbandi, Sara Darbandi, Ashok Agarwal, Ralf Henkle, Mohammad Reza Sadeghi
Context • People are increasingly exposed to low frequency (LF) electromagnetic fields (EMFs), mainly from electricity distribution networks and electronic devices. Critics of this widespread exposure believe that it can have detrimental effects on the human body. On the other hand, many in vivo and in vitro studies have claimed that low frequency electromagnetic therapy can function as a form of alternative medicine and that therapists can treat disease by applying electromagnetic radiation or pulsed EMFs to the body or cells...
June 23, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637483/analyzing-human-decisions-in-igrt-of-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-to-teach-image-registration-algorithms-what-experts-know
#6
Eva Maria Stoiber, Nina Bougatf, Hendrik Teske, Christian Bierstedt, Dieter Oetzel, Jürgen Debus, Rolf Bendl, Kristina Giske
BACKGROUND: In IGRT of deformable head-and-neck anatomy, patient setup corrections are derived by rigid registration methods. In practice, experienced radiation therapists often correct the resulting vectors, thus indicating a different prioritization of alignment of local structures. Purpose of this study is to transfer the knowledge experts apply when correcting the automatically generated result (pre-match) to automated registration. METHODS: Datasets of 25 head-and-neck-cancer patients with daily CBCTs and corresponding approved setup correction vectors were analyzed...
June 21, 2017: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581390/advancing-our-practice-through-the-advanced-practice-radiation-therapist-model-catching-up-with-canada
#7
EDITORIAL
Neha Vapiwala, Meredith Giuliani, Nicole Harnett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546377/respiratory-care-considerations-in-the-childhood-cancer-patient
#8
Lama Elbahlawan, K Jason Rains, Dennis C Stokes
This article reviews the common pulmonary complications seen in the pediatric oncology population and our approach to diagnosis, management, and therapy considerations in this specialized population, including patients receiving chemotherapy, radiation, and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Although infections cause the most significant complications in this population, non-infectious complications, including acute lung injury from chemotherapy or radiation, idiopathic interstitial pneumonia, diffuse alveolar hemorrhage, bronchiolitis obliterans, and cryptogenic organizing pneumonia, also occur commonly...
June 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490990/management-of-liver-cancer-the-surgeon-s-point-of-view
#9
REVIEW
Pierre Rabinel, Damien Dousse, Fabrice Muscari, Bertrand Suc
During the last twenty years, a huge progress has been achieved in the treatment of liver cancer and recent strategies include interventional radiology, chemotherapy regimens and surgery. Meanwhile, Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (SRBT) has developed in the treatment of all organs with millimetre accuracy, very few side effects and a high control rate. So, SRBT has become a therapeutic weapon in his own right in liver tumour treatment. Many publications have reported encouraging results in colorectal liver metastasis, hepatocellular carcinoma on cirrhosis and peripheric cholangiocarcinoma...
March 2017: Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455152/defining-a-leader-role-curriculum-for-radiation-oncology-a-global-delphi-consensus-study
#10
Sandra Turner, Matthew Seel, Theresa Trotter, Meredith Giuliani, Kim Benstead, Jesper G Eriksen, Philip Poortmans, Christine Verfaillie, Henrike Westerveld, Shamira Cross, Ming-Ka Chan, Timothy Shaw
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The need for radiation oncologists and other radiation oncology (RO) professionals to lead quality improvement activities and contribute to shaping the future of our specialty is self-evident. Leadership knowledge, skills and behaviours, like other competencies, can be learned (Blumenthal et al., 2012). The objective of this study was to define a globally applicable competency set specific to radiation oncology for the CanMEDS Leader Role (Frank et al., 2015). METHODS: A modified Delphi consensus process delivering two rounds of on-line surveys was used...
May 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449698/setup-errors-in-patients-with-head-neck-cancer-hnc-treated-using-the-intensity-modulated-radiation-therapy-imrt-technique-how-it-influences-the-customised-immobilisation-systems-patient-s-pain-and-anxiety
#11
Massimiliano Contesini, Monica Guberti, Roberta Saccani, Luca Braglia, Cinzia Iotti, Andrea Botti, Emilio Abbati, Marina Iemmi
BACKGROUND: In patients with head-neck cancer treated with IMRT, immobility of the upper part of the body during radiation is maintained by means of customised immobilisation devices. The main purpose of this study was to determine how the procedures for preparation of customised immobilisation systems and the patients characteristics influence the extent of setup errors. METHODS: A longitudinal, prospective study involving 29 patients treated with IMRT. Data were collected before CT simulation and during all the treatment sessions (528 setup errors analysed overall); the correlation with possible risk factors for setup errors was explored using a linear mixed model...
April 27, 2017: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440052/doctoral-profile-of-the-medical-radiation-sciences-a-baseline-for-australia-and-new-zealand
#12
Ernest U Ekpo, Beverly Snaith, Martine A Harris, Mark F McEntee
INTRODUCTION: Research is critical to evidence-based practice, and the rapid developments in technology provide opportunities to innovate and improve practice. Little is known about the research profile of the medical radiation science (MRS) profession in Australia and New Zealand (NZ). This study provides a baseline of their doctoral activity. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of MRS professionals in Australia and NZ holding a doctorate or undertaking doctoral studies, was performed using an online tool (Bristol Online Survey(®) , Bristol, UK)...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390545/radiographers-opinions-on-radiography-research-in-norway-a-national-survey
#13
K G Vikestad, L Hafskjold, E Kjelle, S Sebuødegård, S Hofvind
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the Norwegian Radiography Research Group is to establish a strategy for radiography research in Norway. A survey investigating radiographers' opinions on research was conducted to establish a basis for this strategy. METHODS: A questionnaire was sent to all members of the Norwegian Society of Radiographers using the society's e-mail list from May 2014 (n = 2273). The respondents, 31% (n = 697), were divided into six groups; general radiographers (n = 392), specialised radiographers (n = 124), managers (n = 74), radiation therapists (n = 59), professors (n = 13), and others (n = 35)...
May 2017: Radiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366572/development-of-a-quality-and-safety-competency-curriculum-for-radiation-oncology-residency-an-international-delphi-study
#14
Jenna Adleman, Caitlin Gillan, Amanda Caissie, Carol-Anne Davis, Brian Liszewski, Andrea McNiven, Meredith Giuliani
PURPOSE: To develop an entry-to-practice quality and safety competency profile for radiation oncology residency. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A comprehensive list of potential quality and safety competency items was generated from public and professional resources and interprofessional focus groups. Redundant or out-of-scope items were eliminated through investigator consensus. Remaining items were subjected to an international 2-round modified Delphi process involving experts in radiation oncology, radiation therapy, and medical physics...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341319/improving-patient-safety-and-workflow-efficiency-with-standardized-pretreatment-radiation-therapist-chart-reviews
#15
Kelly Cooper Younge, Katherine Woch Naheedy, Joel Wilkinson, Joumana Dekmak, Elizabeth Covington, Bonnie Durbin, Eric Nelson, Stephanie Filpansick, Jean M Moran
PURPOSE: Radiation therapists play a critical role in ensuring patient safety; however, they are sometimes given insufficient time to perform quality assurance (QA) of a patient's treatment chart and documentation before the start of treatment. In this work, we show the benefits of introducing a formal therapist prestart QA checklist, completed in a quiet space well in advance of treatment, into our workflow. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A therapist prestart QA checklist was created by analyzing in-house variance reports and treatment unit delays over 6 months...
February 2, 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303693/the-opinions-of-radiographers-nuclear-medicine-technologists-and-radiation-therapists-regarding-technology-in-health-care-a-qualitative-study
#16
Sil Aarts, Forra Cornelis, Yke Zevenboom, Patrick Brokken, Nicole van de Griend, Miriam Spoorenberg, Wendy Ten Bokum, Eveline Wouters
INTRODUCTION: New technology is continuously introduced in health care. The aim of this study was (1) to collect the opinions and experiences of radiographers, nuclear medicine technologists and radiation therapists regarding the technology they use in their profession and (2) to acquire their views regarding the role of technology in their future practice. METHODS: Participants were recruited from five departments in five hospitals in The Netherlands. All radiographers, nuclear medicine therapists and radiation therapists who were working in these departments were invited to participate (n = 252)...
March 2017: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298495/university-student-awareness-of-skin-cancer-behaviors-recognition-and-prevention
#17
Megan Trad, Lawrence Estaville
PURPOSE: Skin cancer is the most common cancer, and it often is preventable. The authors sought to evaluate behavior and knowledge regarding skin cancer among students at a Texas university. METHODS: The authors recruited a diverse group of students in terms of sex, age, and ethnicity to participate in a survey regarding knowledge of skin cancer signs, use of tanning beds, and performance of self-assessment for skin cancer. Participating students could complete surveys in classrooms, at health fairs, or online via Survey Monkey...
March 2017: Radiologic Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270322/evaluation-of-patients-engagement-in-radiation-therapy-safety
#18
A Pernet, V Mollo, J-E Bibault, P Giraud
PURPOSE: Treatment safety has become a priority in health policies after several incidents occurred around the world in radiation oncology departments. The aim of this study was to analyse the patients' contribution in that field and to understand which actions empower the patient in that regard. METHODS: Several methods were used in a general hospital and in a comprehensive cancer centre to analyse the activities of the radiation therapists and the patients and the interactions between them: treatment session observations, semidirective interviews with radiation therapists and patients, self and alloconfrontation with radiation therapists and explanatory interviews with patients...
December 2016: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214286/-partial-delegation-to-radiation-therapists-of-the-control-by-cone-beam-ct-of-prostate-positioning
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
C Benhaïm, G Loos, J L Achard, L Berger, C Caillé, T Frédéric-Moreau, J Biau, M Lapeyre
PURPOSE: Intensity modulated radiotherapy for prostate cancer involves daily monitoring of the positioning of the prostate, possible with cone beam CT (CBCT). It allows increased accuracy compared to readjustments but induces an increase in the time dedicated to these medical checks. The aim of the study was to evaluate the possibility of delegation of this task to the radiation therapists by comparing their readjustments to the doctors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Five consecutive patients treated with radiation for prostate cancer (76Gy) were analysed...
February 2017: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211218/the-integration-of-mri-in-radiation-therapy-collaboration-of-radiographers-and-radiation-therapists
#20
Robba Rai, Shivani Kumar, Vikneswary Batumalai, Doaa Elwadia, Lucy Ohanessian, Ewa Juresic, Lynette Cassapi, Shalini K Vinod, Lois Holloway, Paul J Keall, Gary P Liney
The increased utilisation of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in radiation therapy (RT) has led to the implementation of MRI simulators for RT treatment planning and influenced the development of MRI-guided treatment systems. There is extensive literature on the advantages of MRI for tumour volume and organ-at-risk delineation compared to computed tomography. MRI provides both anatomical and functional information for RT treatment planning (RTP) as well as quantitative information to assess tumour response for adaptive treatment...
March 2017: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
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