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radiation therapist

Gay M Dungey, Hazel A Neser
INTRODUCTION: Communication skills training has been progressively integrated into the Bachelor of Radiation Therapy programme in New Zealand throughout the last 3 years. This innovative study aimed to explore students' perceptions of their learning from participation in communication skills workshops. The purpose was to expose students to a variety of common clinical situations that they could encounter as a student radiation therapist. METHODS: Common scenarios from the radiation therapy setting were developed, using trained actors as a standardised patient, staff member or member of the public...
November 12, 2016: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
H Shibata, S Kato, I Sekine, K Abe, N Araki, H Iguchi, T Izumi, Y Inaba, I Osaka, S Kato, A Kawai, S Kinuya, M Kodaira, E Kobayashi, T Kobayashi, J Sato, N Shinohara, S Takahashi, Y Takamatsu, K Takayama, K Takayama, U Tateishi, H Nagakura, M Hosaka, H Morioka, T Moriya, T Yuasa, T Yurikusa, K Yomiya, M Yoshida
Diagnosis and treatment of bone metastasis requires various types of measures, specialists and caregivers. To provide better diagnosis and treatment, a multidisciplinary team approach is required. The members of this multidisciplinary team include doctors of primary cancers, radiologists, pathologists, orthopaedists, radiotherapists, clinical oncologists, palliative caregivers, rehabilitation doctors, dentists, nurses, pharmacists, physical therapists, occupational therapists, medical social workers, etc. Medical evidence was extracted from published articles describing meta-analyses or randomised controlled trials concerning patients with bone metastases mainly from 2003 to 2013, and a guideline was developed according to the Medical Information Network Distribution Service Handbook for Clinical Practice Guideline Development 2014...
2016: ESMO Open
Geoffrey M Bove
Endometriosis is a prevalent female health disorder that often leads to back pain and radiating leg pain. Patients with such pain often seek care from multiple health care professionals, including manual therapists. We hypothesized that endometrioma can induce nerve inflammation thus the radiating leg pain that often accompanies endometriosis. To model sciatic endometriosis in female Wistar rats, a section of uterine horn was autotransplanted to the sciatic nerve. Uterus sections with the endometrium removed and autotransplanted to the sciatic nerve served as controls...
October 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Oscar J Manrique, Hyuma A Leland, Claude-Jean Langevin, Alex Wong, Joseph N Carey, Pedro Ciudad, Hung-Chi Chen, Ketan M Patel
BACKGROUND: More than 45,000 Americans are diagnosed with oropharyngeal cancer annually and multimodal treatment often requires wide excision, lymphadenectomy, chemotherapy, and radiation. Total and subtotal lingual resection severely impairs speech, swallow, and quality of life (QoL). This study investigates functional outcomes and QoL following subtotal and total tongue resection with free tissue transfer reconstruction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review of the English language literature was performed using PubMed, Ovid, Embase, and Cochrane databases based on predetermined inclusion/exclusion criteria...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
J-E Bibault, A Pernet, V Mollo, L Gourdon, O Martin, P Giraud
PURPOSE: With the increase of treatment complexity, enhancing safety is a key concern in radiation oncology. Beyond the involvement of the healthcare professional, patient involvement and empowerment could play a major role in that setting. We explored how patients perceived and fulfilled that role during their radiation treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A voluntary and anonymous questionnaire was administered to all patients treated in our department between November 2013 and May 2014...
December 2016: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
Mary Anne Purtzer, Carol J Hermansen-Kobulnicky
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To investigate oncology professionals' perspectives about, experience with, and envisioned feasibility of incorporating patient self-monitoring as a patient-centered practice. 
. RESEARCH APPROACH: An interpretive, descriptive study.
. SETTING: Four health systems and five cancer centers in three states. 
. PARTICIPANTS: 38 nurses, nurse practitioners, oncologists, physician assistants, and radiation therapists...
November 1, 2016: Oncology Nursing Forum
Georgia Halkett, Moira O'Connor, Sanchia Aranda, Michael Jefford, Susan Merchant, Debra York, Lisa Miller, Penelope Schofield
INTRODUCTION: Patients sometimes present for radiation therapy with high levels of anxiety. Communication skills training may assist radiation therapists to conduct more effective consultations with patients prior to treatment planning and treatment commencement. The overall aim of our research is to examine the effectiveness of a preparatory programme 'RT Prepare' delivered by radiation therapists to reduce patient psychological distress. The purpose of this manuscript was to describe the communication skills workshops developed for radiation therapists and evaluate participants' feedback...
December 2016: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
Paola Friedrich, Catherine G Lam, Geetinder Kaur, Elena Itriago, Raul C Ribeiro, Ramandeep S Arora
BACKGROUND: Understanding and addressing treatment abandonment (TxA) is crucial for bridging the pediatric cancer survival gap between high-income (HIC) and low-and middle-income countries (LMC). In childhood cancer, TxA is defined as failure to start or complete curative cancer therapy and known to be a complex phenomenon. With rising interest on causes and consequences of TxA in LMC, this study aimed to establish the lay-of-the-land regarding determinants of TxA globally, perform and promote comparative research, and raise awareness on this subject...
2016: PloS One
R Yeung, J Sidney, R Ferris, J Soo, M C Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
D N Antoni, M Pop, P Truntzer, E Rieger, P Salze, J B B Clavier, S Guihard, N Bauer, C Vigneron, M Velten, G Noel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Linda J Bell
This editorial is advocating that increasing consistency and accuracy in radiation therapy via educational interventions is important for radiation therapist. Education and training with ongoing refreshers is the key to maintaining consistency throughout the radiotherapy process, which in turn will ensure all patients receive accurate treatment.
September 2016: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
Nicole Kearney, Gary Denham
: When adverse radiation incidents occur in nuclear medicine in Australia they are reported to the relevant state or territory authorities who investigate the incident and report their findings to the Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency (ARPANSA). The data is then compiled and included in the Australian Radiation Incident Register (ARIR). The only information that has been circulated from the ARIR are the annual summary reports available on the ARPANSA website. The aims of this study was to analyse the radiation incidents included in ARIR together with the state and territory registers that are available to the public, identify the reoccurring themes in Nuclear Medicine incidents and make recommendations to minimise future incidents...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
J-M Cosset
Radiotherapy is 120 years old. A few months only after the discoveries of Roentgen, Becquerel and Marie and Pierre Curie, a few scientists tried to use the newly discovered rays to treat patients. The question of the name of the first "radiation therapist" remains debated. Although often proposed, Emil Grubbé from Chicago seems to have been disqualified. Leopold Freund from Vienna treated a benign cutaneous lesion. Finally, Victor Despeignes from Lyon appears to be the most serious candidate, having treated in 1896 a gastric cancer, and obtaining a very significant tumour regression...
October 2016: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
R de Crevoisier, L Duvergé, C Hulot, B Chauvet, O Henry, C Bouvet, J Castelli
The delegation of the on board imaging position control, from the radiation oncologist to the therapist, is justified by the generalization of the image-guided radiotherapy techniques which are particularly time consuming. This delegation is however partial. Indeed, the validation of the position by the therapist can be clearly performed when the registration is based on bony landmark or fiducial. The radiation oncologist needs however to make the validation in case of large target displacement, in more complex soft tissue-based registration, and in case of stereotactic body radiation therapy...
October 2016: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
Hideya Yamazaki, Masato Fushiki, Takashi Mizowaki
The aim of this study was to survey the current status of reirradiation (Re-RT) and patterns of practice in Japan. An email questionnaire was sent to Kansai Cancer Therapist Group partner institutions, using questions similar to those in the Canadian radiation oncologist (RO) survey (2008). A total of 34 ROs from 28 institutions returned the survey. All 28 institutions experienced Re-RT cases in 2014. However, 26 of the 28 institutions (93%) reported difficulty in obtaining Re-RT case information from their respective databases...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Radiation Research
G Lee, R Dinniwell, F F Liu, A Fyles, K Han, T Conrad, W Levin, A Marshall, T G Purdie, C A Koch
AIMS: Breast radiotherapy treatment is commonly managed by a multidisciplinary team to ensure optimal delivery of care. We sought a new model of care whereby a clinical specialist radiation therapist (CSRT) delineates the cavity target for whole breast radiotherapy treatment planning and the radiation oncologist validates the contour during final plan review. This study evaluated the radiation oncologist's acceptance of these contours and identified characteristics of cavities suitable for CSRT-directed contouring...
August 16, 2016: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
Lena Schnitzler, Sian K Smith, Heather L Shepherd, Joanne Shaw, Skye Dong, Delesha M Carpenter, Frances Nguyen, Haryana M Dhillon
OBJECTIVE: Radiation oncology consultations involve explanation of complex technical concepts using medical jargon. This study aimed to: analyse types and frequency of medical jargon that radiation therapists (RTs) use during education sessions; identify how patients seek clarification from RTs; and, explore RTs communication strategies. METHODS: Education sessions were audio-recorded and transcribed. Medical jargon was analysed using MaxDictio (a vocabulary analysis programme)...
August 9, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
Shalini K Vinod, Karen Lim, Lauren Bell, Jacqueline Veera, Lucy Ohanessian, Ewa Juresic, Nira Borok, Phillip Chan, Raphael Chee, Viet Do, Geetha Govindarajulu, Swetha Sridharan, Carol Johnson, Daniel Moses, Sylvia Van Dyk, Lois Holloway
INTRODUCTION: Image-based brachytherapy for cervical cancer using MRI has been implemented in Australia and New Zealand. The aims of this study were to measure variability in High-risk CTV (HR-CTV) delineation and evaluate dosimetric consequences of this. METHODS: Nine radiation oncologists, one radiation therapist and two radiologists contoured HR-CTV on 3T MRI datasets from ten consecutive patients undergoing cervical brachytherapy at a single institution. Contour comparisons were performed using the Dice Similarity Coefficient (DSC) and Mean Absolute Surface Distance (MASD)...
August 16, 2016: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
J-M Cosset, C Chargari, C Demoor, P Giraud, S Helfre, F Mornex, A Mazal
The article deals with the prevention of cancers only directly related to therapeutic radiation which are distinguished from "secondary cancer". The consideration of the risk of radiation-induced cancers after radiation therapy, although it is fortunately rare events, has become indispensable today. With a review of the literature, are detailed the various involved parameters. The age of the irradiated patient is one of the main parameters. The impact of the dose is also discussed based on the model used, and based on clinical data...
September 2016: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
(no author information available yet)
Lung cancer is a serious/medical and social problem. It belongs to the most common cancers. In the past decades, lung cancer has steadily held a leading place in the structure of cancer morbidity and mortality in our country and in the majority of European countries. Cigarette smoking remains to be the major if not only risk factor for lung cancer. Many attempts were previously made to set up systems for the early (timely) lung cancerdetection in risk groups through cytological and radiological examinations...
March 2016: Vestnik Rentgenologii i Radiologii
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