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Language communication traumatic brain injury

Sophie Brassel, Belinda Kenny, Emma Power, Elise Elbourn, Skye McDonald, Robyn Tate, Brian MacWhinney, Lyn Turkstra, Audrey Holland, Leanne Togher
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To investigate the nature and patterns of conversational topics discussed by individuals with severe TBI and familiar communication partners at 3 and 6 months post-injury, and to examine changes occurring in conversational topics during sub-acute recovery. RESEARCH DESIGN: Qualitative content analysis was used to explore the nature of topics and generate conversational themes. Topic analysis provided an understanding of conversational topic management by identifying patterns of topic initiation and maintenance...
2016: Brain Injury: [BI]
Apurba Barman, Ahana Chatterjee, Rohit Bhide
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is among the significant causes of morbidity and mortality in the present world. Around 1.6 million persons sustain TBI, whereas 200,000 die annually in India, thus highlighting the rising need for appropriate cognitive rehabilitation strategies. This literature review assesses the current knowledge of various cognitive rehabilitation training strategies. The entire spectrum of TBI severity; mild to severe, is associated with cognitive deficits of varying degree. Cognitive insufficiency is more prevalent and longer lasting in TBI persons than in the general population...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Lyn S Turkstra
In 10 years, there might be fewer adults who need rehabilitation after traumatic brain injury because of advances in injury prevention and very early treatment. For adults who do need rehabilitation, assessment might include biosensor recordings in their everyday communication contexts, and home practice might be delivered by a robot that can be programmed to mimic target characteristics of human behavior. These advances in science and technology will enhance rehabilitation, but it will always be our responsibility as speech-language pathologists to advocate for our patients and clients and support them in achieving the best possible quality of communication life...
August 2016: Seminars in Speech and Language
Anthony Lequerica, Denise Krch, Jean Lengenfelder, Nancy Chiaravalloti, Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla, Flora M Hammond, Therese M O'Neil-Pirozzi, Paul B Perrin, Angelle M Sander
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of primary language on admission and discharge FIM™ communication ratings in a sample of individuals with moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). DESIGN AND METHODS: Secondary data analysis of rehabilitation admission and discharge FIM™ communication ratings of 2795 individuals hospitalized at a Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems (TBIMS) centre between 2007-2012. RESULTS: Individuals who spoke no English were rated worse on functional communication outcomes at inpatient rehabilitation discharge relative to individuals whose primary language was English...
2015: Brain Injury: [BI]
A T Soliman, A Adel, N A Soliman, R Elalaily, V De Sanctis
UNLABELLED: AIMS OF REVIEW: the intent of the current manuscript is to critically review the studies on pituitary gland dysfunction in early childhood following traumatic brain injury (TBI), in comparison with those in adults. Search of the literature: The MEDLINE database was accessed through PubMed in April 2015. Results were restricted to the past 15 years and English language of articles. Both transient and permanent hypopituitarisms are not uncommon after TBI. Early after the TBI, pituitary dysfunction/s differ than those occurring after few weeks and months...
July 2015: Georgian Medical News
Peter Meulenbroek, Lyn S Turkstra
PURPOSE: Communication deficits may play a critical role in maintaining employment after traumatic brain injury (TBI), but links between specific communication deficits and employment outcomes have not been determined. This study identified communication measures that distinguished stably employed versus unstably employed adults with TBI. METHODS: Participants were 31 adults with moderate-severe TBI who were employed full-time for at least 12 consecutive months before injury in skilled jobs and had attempted return to skilled jobs after injury...
2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Zahra Ghayoumi, Fariba Yadegari, Behrooz Mahmoodi-Bakhtiari, Esmaeil Fakharian, Mehdi Rahgozar, Maryam Rasouli
BACKGROUND: Considering the cognitive and linguistic complexity of discourse production, it is expected that individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) should face difficulties in this task. Therefore, clinical examination of discourse has become a useful tool for studying and assessment of communication skills of people suffering from TBI. Among different genres of discourse, persuasive discourse is considered as a more cognitively demanding task. However, little is known about persuasive discourse in individuals suffering from TBI...
March 2015: Archives of Trauma Research
Zahra Ghayoumi Anaraki, Andrea Marini, Fariba Yadegari, Behrooz Mahmoodi Bakhtiari, Esmaeil Fakharian, Mehdi Rahgozar, Maryam Rassouli
OBJECTIVE: Studies have shown the presence of narrative discourse difficulties in persons with traumatic brain injury (TBI), even in those who do not suffer from aphasia. Yet, there still exist inconsistencies between the results of different studies, in particular at the microlinguistic level. Moreover, a limited number of languages have been studied in this regard. Therefore, this study aimed at examining these skills in Persian-speaking individuals with TBI. The purpose of this pilot study was to analyse the microlinguistic and macrolinguistic skills of these individuals to determine impaired linguistic measures at different levels of narrative discourse...
2014: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Nicholas P Ryan, Cathy Catroppa, Richard Beare, Lee Coleman, Michael Ditchfield, Louise Crossley, Miriam H Beauchamp, Vicki A Anderson
The purpose of the present investigation was to evaluate the contribution of age-at-insult and brain pathology on longitudinal outcome and recovery of pragmatic language in a sample of children and adolescents with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Children and adolescents with mild to severe TBI (n=112) were categorized according to timing of brain insult: (i) Middle Childhood (5-9 years; n=41); (ii) Late Childhood (10-11 years; n=39); and (iii) Adolescence (12-15 years; n=32) and group-matched for age, gender and socio-economic status (SES) to a typically developing (TD) control group (n=43)...
March 2015: Brain and Language
Mansi Pankaj Jani, Geeta Bharat Gore
BACKGROUND: Communication and swallowing problems are common as a result of neurological conditions like stroke, traumatic brain injury, neoplasms of the nervous systems, viral encephalitis, diseases affecting neuromuscular junction and neuro degenerative conditions. The most frequently encountered problems are dysarthria, aphasia, dysphagia and apraxia of speech. OBJECTIVES: Although these disorders are mentioned in literature, very few studies describing the occurrence in different neurological conditions are available in Indian context...
2014: NeuroRehabilitation
Andrea Marini, Marina Zettin, Valentina Galetto
Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) are often associated with communicative deficits. The incoherent and impoverished language observed in non-aphasic individuals with severe TBI has been linked to a problem in the global organization of information at the text level. The present study aimed to analyze the features of narrative discourse impairment in a group of adults with moderate TBI (modTBI). 10 non-aphasic speakers with modTBI and 20 neurologically intact participants were recruited for the experiment. Their cognitive, linguistic and narrative skills were thoroughly assessed...
November 2014: Neuropsychologia
C Sainson, M Barat, M Aguert
UNLABELLED: Following severe traumatic brain injury (TBI), failure to adjust language to communication abilities has been described and attributed by many authors to executive function impairment. Interactional dysfunctions may damage family-based, social and vocational equilibrium, and they are of key importance in prognosis of rehabilitation outcome. In conversation, frequently occurring inappropriate formulations connote difficulties in discursive organization and are likely to include numerous digressions, if not confabulations...
December 2014: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Perminder S Sachdev, Deborah Blacker, Dan G Blazer, Mary Ganguli, Dilip V Jeste, Jane S Paulsen, Ronald C Petersen
Neurocognitive disorders--including delirium, mild cognitive impairment and dementia--are characterized by decline from a previously attained level of cognitive functioning. These disorders have diverse clinical characteristics and aetiologies, with Alzheimer disease, cerebrovascular disease, Lewy body disease, frontotemporal degeneration, traumatic brain injury, infections, and alcohol abuse representing common causes. This diversity is reflected by the variety of approaches to classifying these disorders, with separate groups determining criteria for each disorder on the basis of aetiology...
November 2014: Nature Reviews. Neurology
Matthew Frith, Leanne Togher, Alison Ferguson, Wayne Levick, Kimberley Docking
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: This study's objective was to examine the current assessment practices of SLPs working with adults with acquired cognitive communication impairments following a TBI. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Two hundred and sixty-five SLPs from the UK, the US, Canada, Australia and New Zealand responded to the online survey stating the areas of communication frequently assessed and the assessment tools they use. MAIN OUTCOMES AND RESULTS: SLPs reported that they routinely assessed functional communication (78...
2014: Brain Injury: [BI]
Timo Kurki, Leena Himanen, Elina Vuorinen, Anna Myllyniemi, Anna-Riitta Saarenketo, Tommi Kauko, Nina Brandstack, Olli Tenovuo
INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the clinical utility of quantitative diffusion tensor tractography (DTT) and tractography-based core analysis (TBCA) of the cingulum by defining the reproducibility, normal values, and findings in traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: Eighty patients with TBI and normal routine MRI and 78 controls underwent MRI at 3T. To determine reproducibility, 12 subjects were scanned twice. Superior (SC) and inferior (IC) cingulum were analyzed separately by DTT (fractional anisotropy (FA) thresholds 0...
October 2014: Neuroradiology
Peter Bragge, Loyal Pattuwage, Shawn Marshall, Veronica Pitt, Loretta Piccenna, Mary Stergiou-Kita, Robyn L Tate, Robert Teasell, Catherine Wiseman-Hakes, Ailene Kua, Jennie Ponsford, Diana Velikonja, Mark Bayley
INTRODUCTION: Cognitive rehabilitation following traumatic brain injury can aid in optimizing function, independence, and quality of life by addressing impairments in attention, executive function, cognitive communication, and memory. This study aimed to identify and evaluate the methodological quality of clinical practice guidelines for cognitive rehabilitation following traumatic brain injury. METHODS: Systematic searching of databases and Web sites was undertaken between January and March 2012 to identify freely available, English language clinical practice guidelines from 2002 onward...
July 2014: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Luisa Amaddii, Santi Centorrino, Jacopo Cambi, Desiderio Passali
AIM: To describe the speech rehabilitation history of patients with thalamic lesions. BACKGROUND: Thalamic lesions can affect speech and language according to diverse thalamic nuclei involved. Because of the strategic functional position of the thalamus within the cognitive networks, its lesion can also interfere with other cognitive processes, such as attention, memory and executive functions. Alterations of these cognitive domains contribute significantly to language deficits, leading to communicative inefficacy...
July 2014: Otolaryngologia Polska. the Polish Otolaryngology
Skye McDonald, Alison Gowland, Rebekah Randall, Alana Fisher, Katie Osborne-Crowley, Cynthia Honan
OBJECTIVE: The ability to see things from another's perspective, that is, have a theory of mind (ToM), is essential to effective communication. So too is the ability to regulate verbal output, that is, to exercise executive control. People with traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) have impaired communication abilities, but the extent to which this reflects ToM versus executive dysfunction is unclear. This study explored the relative contributions of executive abilities, specifically flexibility and inhibition and ToM abilities in language production post-TBI...
September 2014: Neuropsychology
Jessica Short, Jane McCormack, Anna Copley
The provision of information about cognitive-communication disorders (CCDs) following traumatic brain injury (TBI) is important given the impact these communication impairments can have on the rehabilitation of people with TBI. This study describes the results of an online survey which investigated the current practices of 74 Australian speech-language pathologists (SLPs) working with adults with TBI. Thirty-seven SLPs outlined their practices in information provision. SLPs reported they provide information to adults with TBI about CCDs, the impact of CCDs on participation in life activities, and rehabilitation from CCDs...
June 2014: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
R C Savage, B Helfer, M Lash
This article highlights the role that Emergency Medical Services for Children (EMSC) can play in the continuum of care for children with traumatic brain injuries. Through national efforts by the EMSC, several initiatives and recommendations are proposed regarding the development of a coordinated system of care for children with special healthcare needs that includes children with traumatic brain injuries. In particular, EMSC is addressing the need for expanded emergency and trauma care services for children and methods of improving continuity among emergency, acute, rehabilitation, and community services to enhance better long-term outcomes for these children and their families...
1997: NeuroRehabilitation
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