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Language communication traumatic brain injury

Louise C Keegan, Leanne Togher, Macy Murdock, Emma Hendry
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: This research seeks to examine and describe how four males with a traumatic brain injury (TBI) use language to negotiate their masculine identities. RESEARCH DESIGN: Qualitative research methods were employed with a 'case study' design that allows for a detailed description of the cases, and the interactions examined. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: The tools of inquiry applied included a topic analysis, as well as linguistic analysis methods that incorporated the theory of Systemic Functional Linguistics...
July 7, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
Åsa Fyrberg, Göran Horneman, Jakob Åsberg Johnels, Gunilla Thunberg, Elisabeth Ahlsén
OBJECTIVE: The usability of the Communicative Effectiveness Index (CETI) in adolescents with acquired brain injury was investigated and compared with linguistic, cognitive and brain injury data. DESIGN: A prospective, longitudinal, between-group design. SUBJECTS: Thirty participants were divided into 2 subgroups: CETI+ and CETI- groups. METHODS: Parental CETI ratings of daily communication were compared with linguistic data and IQ test results...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Joanne Steel, Alison Ferguson, Elizabeth Spencer, Leanne Togher
BACKGROUND: Social communication impairment is a persisting and debilitating consequence of traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, there has been little empirical speech-language pathology (SLP) study focusing on the early stage of recovery after TBI, including during post-traumatic amnesia (PTA). This research reports on social communication presentation and recovery during late PTA and the post-acute period, assessed with standardized measures. METHOD: Using mixed-methods case study research, four participants with severe TBI were assessed with social communication assessment measures over the later stages of PTA and/or at PTA emergence, and at follow-up three months later...
June 28, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
Hui Xiao, Andre Jacobsen, Ziqian Chen, Yang Wang
PURPOSE: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can result in significant social dysfunction, which is represented by impairment to social-cognitive abilities (i.e. social cognition, social attention/executive function and communication). This study is aimed to explore brain networks mediating the social dysfunction after TBI and its underlying mechanisms. METHODS: We performed a quantitative meta-analysis using the activation likelihood estimation (ALE) approach on functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies of social-cognitive abilities following TBI...
June 19, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
Elizabeth M Armstrong, Natalie Ciccone, Deborah Hersh, Judith Katzenellebogen, Juli Coffin, Sandra Thompson, Leon Flicker, Colleen Hayward, Deborah Woods, Meaghan McAllister
PURPOSE: Acquired communication disorders (ACD), following stroke and traumatic brain injury, may not be correctly identified in Aboriginal Australians due to a lack of linguistically and culturally appropriate assessment tools. Within this paper we explore key issues that were considered in the development of the Aboriginal Communication Assessment After Brain Injury (ACAABI) - a screening tool designed to assess the presence of ACD in Aboriginal populations. METHOD: A literature review and consultation with key stakeholders were undertaken to explore directions needed to develop a new tool, based on existing tools and recommendations for future developments...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Gabriela Ilie, Michael D Cusimano, Wenshan Li
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) survivors often report difficulties with understanding and producing paralinguistic cues, as well as understanding and producing basic communication tasks. However, a large range of communicative deficits in this population cannot be adequately explained by linguistic impairment. The review examines prosodic processing performance post-TBI, its relationship with injury severity, brain injury localization, recovery and co-occurring psychiatric or mental health issues post-TBI METHODS: A systematic review using several databases including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, LLBA (Linguistics and Language Behaviour Abstract) and Web of Science (January 1980 to May 2015), as well as a manual search of the cited references of the selected articles and the search cited features of PubMed was performed...
January 4, 2017: Systematic Reviews
Sophie Brassel, Belinda Kenny, Emma Power, Elise Elbourn, Skye McDonald, Robyn Tate, Brian MacWhinney, Lyn Turkstra, Audrey Holland, Leanne Togher
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To investigate the nature and patterns of conversational topics discussed by individuals with severe TBI and familiar communication partners at 3 and 6 months post-injury, and to examine changes occurring in conversational topics during sub-acute recovery. RESEARCH DESIGN: Qualitative content analysis was used to explore the nature of topics and generate conversational themes. Topic analysis provided an understanding of conversational topic management by identifying patterns of topic initiation and maintenance...
2016: Brain Injury: [BI]
Apurba Barman, Ahana Chatterjee, Rohit Bhide
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is among the significant causes of morbidity and mortality in the present world. Around 1.6 million persons sustain TBI, whereas 200,000 die annually in India, thus highlighting the rising need for appropriate cognitive rehabilitation strategies. This literature review assesses the current knowledge of various cognitive rehabilitation training strategies. The entire spectrum of TBI severity; mild to severe, is associated with cognitive deficits of varying degree. Cognitive insufficiency is more prevalent and longer lasting in TBI persons than in the general population...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Lyn S Turkstra
In 10 years, there might be fewer adults who need rehabilitation after traumatic brain injury because of advances in injury prevention and very early treatment. For adults who do need rehabilitation, assessment might include biosensor recordings in their everyday communication contexts, and home practice might be delivered by a robot that can be programmed to mimic target characteristics of human behavior. These advances in science and technology will enhance rehabilitation, but it will always be our responsibility as speech-language pathologists to advocate for our patients and clients and support them in achieving the best possible quality of communication life...
August 2016: Seminars in Speech and Language
Anthony Lequerica, Denise Krch, Jean Lengenfelder, Nancy Chiaravalloti, Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla, Flora M Hammond, Therese M O'Neil-Pirozzi, Paul B Perrin, Angelle M Sander
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of primary language on admission and discharge FIM™ communication ratings in a sample of individuals with moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). DESIGN AND METHODS: Secondary data analysis of rehabilitation admission and discharge FIM™ communication ratings of 2795 individuals hospitalized at a Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems (TBIMS) centre between 2007-2012. RESULTS: Individuals who spoke no English were rated worse on functional communication outcomes at inpatient rehabilitation discharge relative to individuals whose primary language was English...
2015: Brain Injury: [BI]
A T Soliman, A Adel, N A Soliman, R Elalaily, V De Sanctis
UNLABELLED: AIMS OF REVIEW: the intent of the current manuscript is to critically review the studies on pituitary gland dysfunction in early childhood following traumatic brain injury (TBI), in comparison with those in adults. Search of the literature: The MEDLINE database was accessed through PubMed in April 2015. Results were restricted to the past 15 years and English language of articles. Both transient and permanent hypopituitarisms are not uncommon after TBI. Early after the TBI, pituitary dysfunction/s differ than those occurring after few weeks and months...
July 2015: Georgian Medical News
Peter Meulenbroek, Lyn S Turkstra
PURPOSE: Communication deficits may play a critical role in maintaining employment after traumatic brain injury (TBI), but links between specific communication deficits and employment outcomes have not been determined. This study identified communication measures that distinguished stably employed versus unstably employed adults with TBI. METHODS: Participants were 31 adults with moderate-severe TBI who were employed full-time for at least 12 consecutive months before injury in skilled jobs and had attempted return to skilled jobs after injury...
2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Zahra Ghayoumi, Fariba Yadegari, Behrooz Mahmoodi-Bakhtiari, Esmaeil Fakharian, Mehdi Rahgozar, Maryam Rasouli
BACKGROUND: Considering the cognitive and linguistic complexity of discourse production, it is expected that individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) should face difficulties in this task. Therefore, clinical examination of discourse has become a useful tool for studying and assessment of communication skills of people suffering from TBI. Among different genres of discourse, persuasive discourse is considered as a more cognitively demanding task. However, little is known about persuasive discourse in individuals suffering from TBI...
March 2015: Archives of Trauma Research
Zahra Ghayoumi Anaraki, Andrea Marini, Fariba Yadegari, Behrooz Mahmoodi Bakhtiari, Esmaeil Fakharian, Mehdi Rahgozar, Maryam Rassouli
OBJECTIVE: Studies have shown the presence of narrative discourse difficulties in persons with traumatic brain injury (TBI), even in those who do not suffer from aphasia. Yet, there still exist inconsistencies between the results of different studies, in particular at the microlinguistic level. Moreover, a limited number of languages have been studied in this regard. Therefore, this study aimed at examining these skills in Persian-speaking individuals with TBI. The purpose of this pilot study was to analyse the microlinguistic and macrolinguistic skills of these individuals to determine impaired linguistic measures at different levels of narrative discourse...
2014: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Nicholas P Ryan, Cathy Catroppa, Richard Beare, Lee Coleman, Michael Ditchfield, Louise Crossley, Miriam H Beauchamp, Vicki A Anderson
The purpose of the present investigation was to evaluate the contribution of age-at-insult and brain pathology on longitudinal outcome and recovery of pragmatic language in a sample of children and adolescents with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Children and adolescents with mild to severe TBI (n=112) were categorized according to timing of brain insult: (i) Middle Childhood (5-9 years; n=41); (ii) Late Childhood (10-11 years; n=39); and (iii) Adolescence (12-15 years; n=32) and group-matched for age, gender and socio-economic status (SES) to a typically developing (TD) control group (n=43)...
March 2015: Brain and Language
Mansi Pankaj Jani, Geeta Bharat Gore
BACKGROUND: Communication and swallowing problems are common as a result of neurological conditions like stroke, traumatic brain injury, neoplasms of the nervous systems, viral encephalitis, diseases affecting neuromuscular junction and neuro degenerative conditions. The most frequently encountered problems are dysarthria, aphasia, dysphagia and apraxia of speech. OBJECTIVES: Although these disorders are mentioned in literature, very few studies describing the occurrence in different neurological conditions are available in Indian context...
2014: NeuroRehabilitation
Andrea Marini, Marina Zettin, Valentina Galetto
Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) are often associated with communicative deficits. The incoherent and impoverished language observed in non-aphasic individuals with severe TBI has been linked to a problem in the global organization of information at the text level. The present study aimed to analyze the features of narrative discourse impairment in a group of adults with moderate TBI (modTBI). 10 non-aphasic speakers with modTBI and 20 neurologically intact participants were recruited for the experiment. Their cognitive, linguistic and narrative skills were thoroughly assessed...
November 2014: Neuropsychologia
C Sainson, M Barat, M Aguert
UNLABELLED: Following severe traumatic brain injury (TBI), failure to adjust language to communication abilities has been described and attributed by many authors to executive function impairment. Interactional dysfunctions may damage family-based, social and vocational equilibrium, and they are of key importance in prognosis of rehabilitation outcome. In conversation, frequently occurring inappropriate formulations connote difficulties in discursive organization and are likely to include numerous digressions, if not confabulations...
December 2014: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Perminder S Sachdev, Deborah Blacker, Dan G Blazer, Mary Ganguli, Dilip V Jeste, Jane S Paulsen, Ronald C Petersen
Neurocognitive disorders--including delirium, mild cognitive impairment and dementia--are characterized by decline from a previously attained level of cognitive functioning. These disorders have diverse clinical characteristics and aetiologies, with Alzheimer disease, cerebrovascular disease, Lewy body disease, frontotemporal degeneration, traumatic brain injury, infections, and alcohol abuse representing common causes. This diversity is reflected by the variety of approaches to classifying these disorders, with separate groups determining criteria for each disorder on the basis of aetiology...
November 2014: Nature Reviews. Neurology
Matthew Frith, Leanne Togher, Alison Ferguson, Wayne Levick, Kimberley Docking
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: This study's objective was to examine the current assessment practices of SLPs working with adults with acquired cognitive communication impairments following a TBI. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Two hundred and sixty-five SLPs from the UK, the US, Canada, Australia and New Zealand responded to the online survey stating the areas of communication frequently assessed and the assessment tools they use. MAIN OUTCOMES AND RESULTS: SLPs reported that they routinely assessed functional communication (78...
2014: Brain Injury: [BI]
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