keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Outcome measures

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793000/effect-of-a-bisphosphonate-and-selective-estrogen-receptor-modulator-on-bone-remodeling-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetes-and-ovariectomized-rat-model
#1
Young-Seok Lee, Rishab Gupta, Jeong-Taik Kwon, Dae-Chul Cho, Ye Jin Seo, Sung Young Seu, Eui Kyun Park, Inbo Han, Chi-Heon Kim, Joo-Kyung Sung, Kyoung-Tae Kim
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Diabetes and menopause can cause severe osteoporosis. In general, menopause and diabetes can lead to an imbalance in bone turnover, which results in secondary osteoporosis. However, the efficacy of antiresorptive drugs against this form of osteoporosis has not been extensively evaluated. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the changes in vertebral bone remodeling when postmenopausal osteoporosis is accompanied by diabetes and the efficacy of bisphosphonates and selective estrogen-receptor modulators (SERMs) against these outcomes...
May 21, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792999/does-solid-fusion-eliminate-rod-fracture-after-pedicle-subtraction-osteotomy-in-ankylosing-spondylitis-related-thoracolumbar-kyphosis
#2
Shi-Zhou Zhao, Bang-Ping Qian, Mu Qiao, Jun Jiang, Yong Qiu
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Rod fracture (RF) has a negative impact on the surgical outcome of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients following lumbar pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO). However, there is a paucity of published studies analyzing the risk factors for RF in PSO-treated AS patients with thoracolumbar kyphosis. PURPOSE: To investigate the risk factors for RF after PSO for thoracolumbar kyphosis secondary to AS. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Retrospective single-center study...
May 21, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792998/bmi-and-gender-increase-risk-for-sacral-fractures-after-multilevel-instrumented-spinal-fusion-compared-to-bone-mineral-density-and-pelvic-parameters
#3
Stephan N Salzmann, Courtney Ortiz Miller, John A Carrino, Jingyan Yang, Jennifer Shue, Andrew A Sama, Frank P Cammisa, Federico P Girardi, Alexander P Hughes
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Sacral fractures are a rare but potentially devastating complication. Long-fusion constructs including the sacrum that do not extend to the pelvis may result in sacral fractures. Besides established risk factors including gender, age and number of levels fused, body mass index (BMI), pelvic parameters and bone mineral density (BMD) have also been proposed as potential risk factors for postoperative sacral fractures. The literature supporting this, however, is limited...
May 21, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792994/lumbar-spinal-stenosis-comparison-of-surgical-practice-variation-and-clinical-outcome-in-three-national-spine-registries
#4
Greger Lønne, Peter Fritzell, Olle Hägg, Dennis Nordvall, Paul Gerdhem, Tobias Lagerbäck, Mikkel Andersen, Søren Eiskjaer, Martin Gehrchen, Wilco Jacobs, Miranda L van Hooff, Tore K Solberg
BACKGROUND: Decompression surgery for lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) is the most common spinal procedure in the elderly. To avoid persisting low back pain, adding arthrodesis has been recommended, especially if there is a coexisting degenerative spondylolisthesis. However, this strategy remains controversial, resulting in practice-based variation. PURPOSE: To evaluate in a pragmatic study if surgical selection criteria and variation in use of arthrodesis in three Scandinavian countries can be linked to variation in treatment effectiveness...
May 21, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792992/frailty-status-as-a-predictor-of-three-month-cognitive-and-functional-recovery-following-spinal-surgery-a-prospective-pilot-study
#5
Robert J Rothrock, Jeremy M Steinberger, Henry Badgery, Andrew C Hecht, Samuel K Cho, John M Caridi, Stacie Deiner
Background Context As increasing numbers of elderly Americans undergo spinal surgery, it is important to identify which patients are at highest risk for poor cognitive and functional recovery. Frailty is a geriatric syndrome which has been closely linked to poor outcomes, and short form screening may be a helpful tool for preoperative identification of at risk patients. Purpose To conduct a pilot study on the usefulness of a short-form screening tool to identify elderly patients at increased risk for prolonged cognitive and functional recovery following elective spine surgery...
May 21, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792971/impact-of-active-surveillance-and-infection-control-measures-on-carbapenem-resistant-gram-negative-bacterial-colonization-and-infections-in-intensive-care
#6
T Karampatakis, K Tsergouli, E Iosifidis, C Antachopoulos, A Karapanagiotou, A Karyoti, N Gritsi-Gerogianni, A Tsakris, E Roilides
BACKGROUND: Carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative bacteria (CRGNB) infections constitute a global threat for critically ill patients and the outcome of their hospitalization. Early identification of CRGNB through rectal surveillance cultures and routine infection control measures including contact precautions, use of appropriate disinfectants, staff education on cleaning, and hand hygiene may reduce the dissemination of CRGNB. AIM: To assess the impact of enhanced infection control measures on CRGNB infections in a nine-bed polyvalent intensive care unit in a tertiary level hospital in an endemic area...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792717/postoperative-monitoring-of-colorectal-anastomosis-experimental-study
#7
J Kalvach, O Ryska, J Pazin, J Hadac, S Juhas, J Juhásová, J Martínek, M Ryska
INTRODUCTION: Inadequate blood supply is one of the major risk factors for colorectal anastomotic leak. Early postoperative detection of local ischemic changes can predict complicated healing and lead to better outcome. Microdialysis (MD) offers real-time evaluation of adequate bowel perfusion through monitoring of tissue metabolism. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of MD for early detection of ischemic changes in colorectal anastomosis. METHOD: Five pigs with end-to-end colorectal anastomosis were included...
2018: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792564/cognitive-and-behavioral-resilience-among-young-gay-and-bisexual-men-living-with-hiv
#8
Sophia A Hussen, Gary W Harper, Caryn R R Rodgers, Jacob J van den Berg, Nadia Dowshen, Lisa B Hightow-Weidman
PURPOSE: HIV/AIDS disproportionately affects young gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (Y-GBMSM). Resilience remains understudied among Y-GBMSM living with HIV, but represents a potentially important framework for improving HIV-related outcomes in this population. We sought to explore cognitive and behavioral dimensions of resilience and their correlates among Y-GBMSM to gain insights to inform future interventions. METHODS: Our study sample consisted of 200 Y-GBMSM living with HIV enrolled in a multisite study of the Adolescent Medicine Trials Network for HIV/AIDS Interventions (ATN)...
August 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792557/improving-vaccine-related-pain-distress-or-fear-in-healthy-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-search-of-patient-focused-interventions
#9
Vivian Y Lee, Corinne Caillaud, Jacqueline Fong, Kate M Edwards
OBJECTIVE: The WHO recently highlighted the need for research into potential interventions that can be used to mitigate pain during mass vaccinations, in addition to interventions specific for adolescents. The current review examines the literature on potential interventions that can be used during mass vaccination settings in healthy individuals between the ages of 4 and 15 years old. METHODS: Criteria for inclusion were: 1)participants between the ages of 4-15 years, 2)interventions that were patient-focused, 3)vaccinations in healthy individuals, 4)outcome measures to include self-reported pain, fear or distress...
May 24, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792556/effect-of-wii-training-on-hand-function-in-children-with-hemiplegic-cerebral-palsy
#10
Shamekh Mohamed El-Shamy, Mohamed Fawzy El-Banna
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of Wii training on hand function in children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted in 40 children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy (8-12 years). The experimental group received Wii training involving four games for 40 minutes a day, three times a week for 12 weeks plus usual care. The control group received usual care alone. Outcomes were spasticity measured using the modified Ashworth scale, grip strength measured using dynamometry, and hand function measured using the Peabody developmental motor scale (2nd ed...
May 24, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792533/efficacy-of-the-resilience-and-adjustment-intervention-after-traumatic-brain-injury-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Jeffrey S Kreutzer, Jennifer H Marwitz, Adam P Sima, Ana Mills, Nancy H Hsu, Herman R Lukow
OBJECTIVE: Examine a psychoeducational and skill-building intervention's effectiveness for individuals after traumatic brain injury (TBI), using a two-arm, parallel, randomized, controlled trial with wait-listed control. METHODS: The Resilience and Adjustment Intervention (RAI) targets adjustment challenges and emphasizes education, skill-building and psychological support. Overall, 160 outpatients were randomly assigned to a treatment or wait-list control (WLC) group...
May 24, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792492/evaluation-of-second-step-on-early-elementary-students-academic-outcomes-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Clayton R Cook, Sabina Low, Joanne Buntain-Ricklefs, Kelly Whitaker, Michael D Pullmann, Jaclyn Lally
Research has consistently linked social-emotional learning to important educational and life outcomes. Early elementary represents an opportune developmental period to proactively support children to acquire social-emotional skills that enable academic success. Using data from a large scale randomized controlled trial, the purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of the 4th edition of Second Step on early elementary students' academic-related outcomes. Participants were Kindergarten to 2nd grade students in 61 schools (310 teachers; 7,419 students) across six school districts in Washington State and Arizona...
May 24, 2018: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792487/ethnic-racial-typicality-and-its-relation-to-ethnic-identity-and-psychological-functioning
#13
Lauren L Mitchell, Ummul-Kiram Kathawalla, Alex A Ajayi, Jillian Fish, Sarah C Nelson, Lovey H M Peissig, Moin Syed
OBJECTIVES: Ethnic identity development is considered a central task of adolescence and emerging adulthood for ethnic minority individuals. Although the process of developing a coherent ethnic identity has received attention from researchers, there has been little work done to elucidate the content of ethnic identity. This study uses an inductive mixed-methods approach to address 1 aspect of ethnic identity content: typicality, or the degree of perceived similarity individuals feel to their ethnic-racial group...
May 24, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792475/the-alliance-in-adult-psychotherapy-a-meta-analytic-synthesis
#14
Christoph Flückiger, A C Del Re, Bruce E Wampold, Adam O Horvath
The alliance continues to be one of the most investigated variables related to success in psychotherapy irrespective of theoretical orientation. We define and illustrate the alliance (also conceptualized as therapeutic alliance, helping alliance, or working alliance) and then present a meta-analysis of 295 independent studies that covered more than 30,000 patients (published between 1978 and 2017) for face-to-face and Internet-based psychotherapy. The relation of the alliance and treatment outcome was investigated using a three-level meta-analysis with random-effects restricted maximum-likelihood estimators...
May 24, 2018: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792470/the-science-of-teamwork-progress-reflections-and-the-road-ahead
#15
Eduardo Salas, Denise L Reyes, Susan H McDaniel
We need teams in nearly every aspect of our lives (e.g., hospitals, schools, flight decks, nuclear power plants, oil rigs, the military, and corporate offices). Nearly a century of psychological science has uncovered extensive knowledge about team-related processes and outcomes. In this article, we draw from the reviews and articles of this special issue to identify 10 key reflections that have arisen in the team literature, briefly summarized here. Team researchers have developed many theories surrounding the multilayered aspects of teams, such that now we have a solid theoretical basis for teams...
May 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792469/unpacking-team-process-dynamics-and-emergent-phenomena-challenges-conceptual-advances-and-innovative-methods
#16
Steve W J Kozlowski, Georgia T Chao
Psychologists have studied small-group and team effectiveness for decades, and although there has been considerable progress, there remain significant challenges. Meta-analyses and systematic research have provided solid evidence for core team cognitive, motivational, affective, and behavioral processes that contribute to team effectiveness and empirical support for interventions that enhance team processes (e.g., team design, composition, training, and leadership); there has been substantial evidence for a science of team effectiveness...
May 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792459/teamwork-in-healthcare-key-discoveries-enabling-safer-high-quality-care
#17
Michael A Rosen, Deborah DiazGranados, Aaron S Dietz, Lauren E Benishek, David Thompson, Peter J Pronovost, Sallie J Weaver
Few industries match the scale of health care. In the United States alone, an estimated 85% of the population has at least 1 health care encounter annually and at least one quarter of these people experience 4 to 9 encounters annually. A single visit requires collaboration among a multidisciplinary group of clinicians, administrative staff, patients, and their loved ones. Multiple visits often occur across different clinicians working in different organizations. Ineffective care coordination and the underlying suboptimal teamwork processes are a public health issue...
May 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792458/the-trade-offs-of-teamwork-among-stem-doctoral-graduates
#18
Kevin M Kniffin, Andrew S Hanks
Teamwork has increasingly become prevalent in professional fields such as academic science, perhaps partly because research shows that teams tend to produce superior work. Although research on teamwork has typically focused on its impact on work products, we complement that work by examining the degree to which teamwork influences salary, hours worked, and overall job satisfaction. Drawing on microdata collected through the National Science Foundation's Survey of Doctorate Recipients as well as the Survey of Earned Doctorates, we find that doctoral degree holders in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields tend to earn substantially higher salaries and work more hours when they engage in teamwork...
May 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792389/therapist-assisted-vision-therapy-improves-outcome-for-stroke-patients-with-homonymous-hemianopia-alone-or-combined-with-oculomotor-dysfunction
#19
Peter Smaakjær, Signe Tornøe Tødten, Rune Skovgaard Rasmussen
OBJECTIVE: To improve visual performance and perception in stroke patients suffering from visual impairments by the use of therapist-assisted vision therapy. METHODS: This study was an interventional efficacy open-label investigation. The vision therapy was designed to enhance binocular vision, and saccadic ability, and vergence ranges maximally, and for patients with hemianopia also to improve peripheral awareness. The vision training consisted of one lesson a week for 12 weeks carried out by an optometrist and a vision therapist...
May 24, 2018: Neurological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792368/electrophysiological-multimodal-assessments-improve-outcome-prediction-in-traumatic-cervical-spinal-cord-injury
#20
Markus Hupp, Chiara Pavese, Lucas Bachmann, Rene Koller, Martin Schubert
Outcome prediction after spinal cord injury (SCI) is essential for early counseling and orientation of the rehabilitative intervention. Moreover, prognostication of outcome is crucial to achieve meaningful stratification when conceiving clinical trials. Neurophysiological examinations are commonly employed for prognostication after SCI, but whether neurophysiology could improve the functional prognosis based on clinical predictors remains open. Data of 224 patients included in the European Multicenter Study about Spinal Cord Injury were analyzed with bootstrapping analysis and multivariate logistic regression to derive prediction models of complete functional recovery in chronic stage after traumatic cervical SCI...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
keyword
keyword
3330
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"