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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138614/development-of-a-health-care-systems-curriculum
#1
Zachary Pruitt, Rahul Mhaskar, Bryan G Kane, Robert D Barraco, Deborah J DeWaay, Alex M Rosenau, Kristin A Bresnan, Marna Rayl Greenberg
Background: There is currently no gold standard for delivery of systems-based practice in medical education, and it is challenging to incorporate into medical education. Health systems competence requires physicians to understand patient care within the broader health care system and is vital to improving the quality of care clinicians provide. We describe a health systems curriculum that utilizes problem-based learning across 4 years of systems-based practice medical education at a single institution...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138613/medical-student-involvement-in-health-policy-roles
#2
Bassit Malik, Utkarsh Ojha, Hassan Khan, Farzana Begum, Harun Khan, Qasim Malik
Objectives: A teaching curriculum in health policy may be well established in medical school; however, an emphasis on applying taught principles via participation in health policy roles is less defined. We undertook a study to explore medical student participation in health policy roles. Design and setting: An anonymous online survey via convenience sampling was conducted in the UK. Participants: A total of 112 students from six medical schools participated in the study...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137662/peer-assisted-learning-among-sri-lankan-medical-undergraduates-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Nipun Lakshitha de Silva, Balasundaram Parththipan, Chaturaka Rodrigo, Godwin Constantine, Sumadhya Deepika Fernando, Senaka Rajapakse
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to; (a) evaluate the current practices of peer assisted learning among second year and final year medical students of Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, Sri Lanka; (b) identify reasons for engaging in peer assisted learning; (c) identify perceived weaknesses in current learning activities; and (d) determine student characteristics associated with engaging in peer assisted learning. RESULTS: This cross sectional study interviewed two hundred and eighty-four eligible students...
November 14, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114348/enriching-health-professional-programs-in-global-health-development-and-implementation-of-an-interdisciplinary-and-integrated-approach
#4
Carol Valois, Véronique Foley, Paul Grand'Maison, Johanne Dumont
Background: Globalization results in a rapidly diversifying population, increased inequities, and more complex health problems affecting populations. This forces medical schools to integrate global health (GH) into the training of health-care professionals from curriculum development to practical learning activities, here and abroad. Approach: The approach aims at enriching existing programs in GH competencies in an interdisciplinary context. The goal is to ensure that all health-science students develop a certain level of GH competency...
April 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112943/randomized-study-to-compare-two-ecg-e-learning-methods-among-medical-students
#5
Grzegorz Kopeć, Marcin Waligóra, Michał Pacia, Wojciech Chmielak, Agnieszka Stępień, Sebastian Janiec, Wojciech Magoń, Kamil Jonas, Piotr Podolec
INTRODUCTION    Interpretation of electrocardiogram (ECG) is an essential skill in most medical specialties, however the best method of ECG education has not been determined. OBJECTIVES    To compare the effectiveness of collaborative (C-eL) and self (S-eL) e-learning of ECG among medical students. STUDY GROUP AND POPULATION    Sixty 5th-year medical students were randomly assigned to C-eL and S-eL groups. S-eL students received by an e-mail comprehensively described 15 ECG records (one every 48 hours) while C-eL students received the same ECG records without description...
November 7, 2017: Polish Archives of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101496/how-cognitive-engagement-fluctuates-during-a-team-based-learning-session-and-how-it-predicts-academic-achievement
#6
Jerome I Rotgans, Henk G Schmidt, Preman Rajalingam, Joey Wong Ying Hao, Claire Ann Canning, Michael A Ferenczi, Naomi Low-Beer
The objective of the paper is to report findings of two studies that attempted to find answers to the following questions: (1) What are the levels of cognitive engagement in TBL? (2) Are there differences between students who were more exposed to TBL than students who were less exposed to TBL? (3) To which extent does cognitive engagement fluctuate as a function of the different activities involved in TBL? And (4) How do cognitive engagement scores collected over time correlate with each other and with academic achievement? The studies were conducted with Year-1 and -2 medical students enrolled in a TBL curriculum (N = 175, 62 female)...
November 3, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099718/paronymy-in-the-sublanguage-of-medicine-linguistic-and-linguo-didactic-aspects
#7
O Bieliaieva, Yu Lysanets, K Havrylieva, I Znamenska, I Rozhenko, N Nikolaieva
The present paper examines the phenomenon of paronymy in the sublanguage of medicine. The study of paronyms plays an important role in the development of terminological competence of future specialists in the field of medicine and healthcare. The authors emphasize the need to pay due attention to terminological paronyms when compiling teaching manuals and developing didactic materials in Latin for students of medical universities. The urgency of organizing the work with these lexical units is determined, on the one hand, by the propaedeutic objective - minimization of difficulties that students may encounter in dealing with special terminology in the process of educational and professional communication; on the other hand, the study of paronyms is aimed at expanding the active and passive vocabulary of medical students...
October 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097355/a-clinical-reasoning-tool-for-virtual-patients-design-based-research-study
#8
Inga Hege, Andrzej A Kononowicz, Martin Adler
BACKGROUND: Clinical reasoning is a fundamental process medical students have to learn during and after medical school. Virtual patients (VP) are a technology-enhanced learning method to teach clinical reasoning. However, VP systems do not exploit their full potential concerning the clinical reasoning process; for example, most systems focus on the outcome and less on the process of clinical reasoning. OBJECTIVES: Keeping our concept grounded in a former qualitative study, we aimed to design and implement a tool to enhance VPs with activities and feedback, which specifically foster the acquisition of clinical reasoning skills...
November 2, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081263/revisiting-the-merits-of-a-mandatory-large-group-classroom-learning-format-an-md-mba-perspective
#9
Shawn X Li, Roshini Pinto-Powell
The role of classroom learning in medical education is rapidly changing. To promote active learning and reduce student stress, medical schools have adopted policies such as pass/fail curriculums and recorded lectures. These policies along with the rising importance of the USMLE (United States Medical Licensing Examination) exams have made asynchronous learning popular to the detriment of classroom learning. In contrast to this model, modern day business schools employ mandatory large group classes with assigned seating and cold-calling...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078916/evaluation-of-a-technical-and-nontechnical-skills-curriculum-for-students-entering-surgery
#10
Edward S Shipper, Sarah E Miller, Brittany N Hasty, Sylvia Bereknyei Merrell, Dana T Lin, James N Lau
BACKGROUND: Prior interventions to address declining interest in surgical careers have focused on creating early exposure and fostering mentorship at the preclinical medical student level. Navigating the surgical environment can be challenging, however, and preclinical students may be more likely to pursue a surgical career if they are given the tools to function optimally. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We designed a 10-wk technical and nontechnical skills curriculum to provide preclinical students with knowledge and skills necessary to successfully navigate the surgical learning environment, followed by placement in high-fidelity surgical simulations and scrubbing in on operative cases with attending surgeons...
November 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065875/a-randomised-trial-of-the-influence-of-racial-stereotype-bias-on-examiners-scores-feedback-and-recollections-in-undergraduate-clinical-exams
#11
Peter Yeates, Katherine Woolf, Emyr Benbow, Ben Davies, Mairhead Boohan, Kevin Eva
BACKGROUND: Asian medical students and doctors receive lower scores on average than their white counterparts in examinations in the UK and internationally (a phenomenon known as "differential attainment"). This could be due to examiner bias or to social, psychological or cultural influences on learning or performance. We investigated whether students' scores or feedback show influence of ethnicity-related bias; whether examiners unconsciously bring to mind (activate) stereotypes when judging Asian students' performance; whether activation depends on the stereotypicality of students' performances; and whether stereotypes influence examiner memories of performances...
October 25, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056611/medical-students-perceptions-of-their-learning-environment-during-a-mandatory-research-project
#12
Riitta Möller, Sari Ponzer, Maria Shoshan
Objectives: To explore medical students´ perceptions of their learning environment during a mandatory 20-week scientific research project. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted between 2011 and 2013. A total of 651 medical students were asked to fill in the Clinical Learning Environment, Supervision, and Nurse Teacher (CLES+T) questionnaire, and 439 (mean age 26 years, range 21-40, 60% females) returned the questionnaire, which corresponds to a response rate of 67%...
October 20, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045275/medical-education-in-decentralized-settings-how-medical-students-contribute-to-health-care-in-10-sub-saharan-african-countries
#13
Zohray Talib, Susan van Schalkwyk, Ian Couper, Swaha Pattanaik, Khadija Turay, Atiene S Sagay, Rhona Baingana, Sarah Baird, Bernhard Gaede, Jehu Iputo, Minnie Kibore, Rachel Manongi, Antony Matsika, Mpho Mogodi, Jeremais Ramucesse, Heather Ross, Moses Simuyeba, Damen Haile-Mariam
PURPOSE: African medical schools are expanding, straining resources at tertiary health facilities. Decentralizing clinical training can alleviate this tension. This study assessed the impact of decentralized training and contribution of undergraduate medical students at health facilities. METHOD: Participants were from 11 Medical Education Partnership Initiative-funded medical schools in 10 African countries. Each school identified two clinical training sites-one rural and the other either peri-urban or urban...
October 17, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017852/an-augmented-reality-magic-mirror-as-additive-teaching-device-for-gross-anatomy
#14
Daniela Kugelmann, Leonard Stratmann, Nils Nühlen, Felix Bork, Saskia Hoffmann, Golbarg Samarbarksh, Anna Pferschy, Anna Maria von der Heide, Andreas Eimannsberger, Pascal Fallavollita, Nassir Navab, Jens Waschke
When preparing young medical students for clinical activity, it is indispensable to acquaint them with anatomical section images which enable them to use the clinical application of imaging methods. A new Augmented Reality Magic Mirror (AR MM) system, which provides the advantage of a novel, interactive learning tool in addition to a regular dissection course, was therefore tested and evaluated by 880 first-year medical students as part of the macroscopic anatomy course in 2015/16 at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität (LMU) in Munich...
October 7, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017594/depression-in-medical-students-insights-from-a-longitudinal-study
#15
Vanessa Silva, Patrício Costa, Inês Pereira, Ricardo Faria, Ana P Salgueira, Manuel J Costa, Nuno Sousa, João J Cerqueira, Pedro Morgado
BACKGROUND: Factors associated with depression of medical students are poorly understood. The purpose of this study is to determine the prevalence of depression in medical students, its change during the course, if depression persists for affected students, what are the factors associated with depression and how these factors change over time. METHODS: A prospective, longitudinal observational study was conducted at the Medical School of the University of Minho, Portugal, between academic years 2009-2010 to 2012-2013...
October 10, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017549/enhanced-hospital-based-learning-at-a-medical-school-through-application-of-management-principles-a-case-study
#16
Anna Kiessling, Martin Roll, Peter Henriksson
BACKGROUND: A hospital with all its brimming activity constitutes a unique learning environment for medical students. However, to organise high-quality education within this context is a task of great complexity. This paper describes a teaching hospital case, where management principles were applied to enhance the learning quality of medical education. METHODS: Traditional attempts from the faculty had been unsuccessful in improving learning among medical students at a teaching hospital...
October 10, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991273/educational-and-evaluation-strategies-in-the-training-of-physician-specialists
#17
Verónica Alejandra Gaona-Flores, Luz Arcelia Campos-Navarro, Jesús Arenas-Osuna, Enrique Alcalá-Martínez
Background: Teaching strategies have been defined as procedures, means or resources that teachers used to promote meaningful learning. Aim: Identify teaching strategies and evaluation used by the professor with residents in tertiary hospitals health care. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study conducted with full, associate and assistant professors of various medical specialties. A questionnaire was applied to evaluate the strategies used by professors to teach and evaluate students...
2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989293/internet-use-and-its-addiction-level-in-medical-students
#18
Namrata Upadhayay, Sanjeev Guragain
OBJECTIVE: To compare the Internet addiction levels between male and female medical students. METHODS: One hundred medical students (male: 50, female: 50) aged 17-30 years were included in a cross-sectional study. A standardized questionnaire was used to assess their Internet addiction level. Additionally, a self-designed questionnaire was used to identify the various purposes of Internet use among the students. The Internet addiction score (based on the Internet Addiction Test) was compared between male and female students by using the Mann-Whitney U test (p≤0...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989010/global-health-education-for-medical-students-when-learning-objectives-include-research
#19
Alison M Bales, Anthony R Oddo, David J Dennis, Robert C Siska, Echo VanderWal, Harry VanderWal, Nompumelelo Dlamini, Ronald J Markert, Mary C McCarthy
BACKGROUND: The Luke Commission, a provider of comprehensive mobile health outreach in rural Swaziland, focuses on human immunodeficiency virus testing and prevention, including the performance of over 100 circumcisions weekly. Educational objectives for medical student global health electives are essential. Learning research methodology while engaging in clinical activities reinforces curriculum goals. Medical care databases can produce clinically significant findings affecting international health policy...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985089/examining-participant-perceptions-of-an-interprofessional-simulation-based-trauma-team-training-for-medical-and-nursing-students
#20
Rune Bruhn Jakobsen, Sarah Frandsen Gran, Bergsvein Grimsmo, Kari Arntzen, Erik Fosse, Jan C Frich, Per Hjortdahl
High quality care relies on interprofessional teamwork. We developed a short simulation-based course for final year medical, nursing and nursing anaesthesia students, using scenarios from emergency medicine. The aim of this paper is to describe the adaptation of an interprofessional simulation course in an undergraduate setting and to report participants' experiences with the course and students' learning outcomes. We evaluated the course collecting responses from students through questionnaires with both closed-ended and open-ended questions, supplemented by the facilitators' assessment of students' performance...
January 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
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