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Active learning medical students

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914990/simulating-the-multi-disciplinary-care-team-approach-enhancing-student-understanding-of-anatomy-through-an-ultrasound-anchored-interprofessional-session
#1
Marianne T Luetmer, Beth A Cloud, James W Youdas, Wojciech Pawlina, Nirusha Lachman
Quality of healthcare delivery is dependent on collaboration between professional disciplines. Integrating opportunities for interprofessional learning in health science education programs prepares future clinicians to function as effective members of a multi-disciplinary care team. This study aimed to create a modified team-based learning (TBL) environment utilizing ultrasound technology during an interprofessional learning activity to enhance musculoskeletal anatomy knowledge of first year medical (MD) and physical therapy (PT) students...
September 15, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914395/repetitive-on-demand-drug-release-from-polymeric-matrices-containing-a-macroscopic-spherical-iron-core
#2
Stefan A Rovers, Maartje F Kemmere, Jos T F Keurentjes, Richard Hoogenboom
A system for multiple on-demand drug release has been prepared that can be activated with an alternating magnetic field as external trigger. The core/shell samples have been developed based on a macroscopic spherical iron core coated with a thermoresponsive polymer, poly(styrene-stat-butyl methacrylate), containing ibuprofen as a model drug. During exposure of the samples to the magnetic field (ON state), the release rate of ibuprofen is significantly increased, up to 35 times the release rate without the magnetic field (OFF state)...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890925/on-the-road-to-becoming-a-responsible-leader-a-simulation-based-training-approach-for-final-year-medical-students
#3
Marion Schmidt-Huber, Janine Netzel, Jan Kiesewetter
Background and objective: There is a need for young physicians to take a responsible role in clinical teams, comparable to a leadership role. However, today's medical curricula barely consider the development of leadership competencies. Acquisition of leadership skills are currently a by-product of medical education, even though it seems to be a competency relevant for physicians' success. Therefore, an innovative leadership training program for young physicians was developed and validated. Training conceptualisation were based upon findings of critical incidents interviews (N=19) with relevant personnel (e...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883212/verification-of-learning-effects-by-team-based-learning
#4
Shin-Ichi Ono, Yoshihisa Ito, Kumiko Ishige, Norio Inokuchi, Yasuhiro Kosuge, Satoru Asami, Megumi Izumisawa, Hiroko Kobayashi, Hiroyuki Hayashi, Takashi Suzuki, Yukinaga Kishikawa, Harumi Hata, Eiji Kose, Kei-Ichi Tabata
  It has been recommended that active learning methods, such as team-based learning (TBL) and problem-based learning (PBL), be introduced into university classes by the Central Council for Education. As such, for the past 3 years, we have implemented TBL in a medical therapeutics course for 4-year students. Based upon our experience, TBL is characterized as follows: TBL needs fewer teachers than PBL to conduct a TBL module. TBL enables both students and teachers to recognize and confirm the learning results from preparation and reviewing...
September 5, 2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876983/approaches-and-study-skills-of-veterinary-medical-students-effects-of-a-curricular-revision
#5
Eliza Zamor, Munashe Chigerwe, Karen A Boudreaux, Jan E Ilkiw
The objective of this study was to determine if a revised, recently implemented curriculum, embracing an integrated block design with a focus on student-centered, inquiry-based learning, had a different effect on veterinary medical students' approaches to studying than the previous curriculum. A total of 577 students completed a questionnaire consisting of the short version of the Approaches and Study Skills Inventory for Students (ASSIST). It included questions relating to conceptions about learning, approaches to studying, and preferences for different types of courses and teaching...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871833/facing-death-in-medical-training-a-view-from-students-in-mexico
#6
Asunción Álvarez-Del Río, Ma Luisa Marván, Julieta Gómez Avalos
This study explores how medical students feel about caring for terminally ill patients as well as how their medical courses prepare them for addressing end-of-life (EOL) issues with patients. Four hundred and five Mexican medical students were surveyed through the Student Views on Death questionnaire. The vast majority of students (94%) felt that physicians should inform patients of their impending death. Most students said they felt comfortable talking with (61%) or examining (76%) terminally ill patients...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852665/promotion-of-higher-order-of-cognition-in-undergraduate-medical-students-using-case-based-approach
#7
Suparna Dubey, Ashok Kumar Dubey
BACKGROUND: The curriculum of pathology is conventionally "taught" in a series of didactic lectures, which promotes learning by rote. In this study, case-based learning (CBL) was introduced to assess its effect on higher order cognition and problem-solving skills in undergraduate medical students. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The prescribed syllabus of hepatobiliary system was delivered to the undergraduate medical students of the fourth semester by conventional didactic lectures...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830418/medical-students-preparedness-for-professional-activities-in-early-clerkships
#8
Josefin Bosch, Asja Maaz, Tanja Hitzblech, Ylva Holzhausen, Harm Peters
BACKGROUND: Sufficient preparedness is important for transitions to workplace participation and learning in clinical settings. This study aims to analyse medical students' preparedness for early clerkships using a three-dimensional, socio-cognitive, theory-based model of preparedness anchored in specific professional activities and their supervision level. METHODS: Medical students from a competency-based undergraduate curriculum were surveyed about preparedness for 21 professional activities and level of perceived supervision during their early clerkships via an online questionnaire...
August 22, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822211/healthcare-students-interprofessional-critical-event-disaster-response-course
#9
Tae Eung Kim, Tamara Shankel, Ellen T Reibling, Jacqueline Paik, Dolores Wright, Michelle Buckman, Kathi Wild, Ehren Ngo, Alireza Hayatshahi, Lee H Nguyen, T Kent Denmark, Tamara L Thomas
OBJECTIVE: Numerous disasters confirm the need for critical event training in healthcare professions. However, no single discipline works in isolation and interprofessional learning is recognized as a necessary component. An interprofessional faculty group designed a learning curriculum crossing professional schools. DESIGN: Faculty members from four healthcare schools within the university (nursing, pharmacy, allied health, and medicine) developed an interdisciplinary course merging both published cross-cutting competencies for critical event response and interprofessional education competencies...
January 2017: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819513/strengthening-and-expanding-the-capacity-of-health-worker-education-in-zambia
#10
Charles Michelo, Joseph Mumba Zulu, Moses Simuyemba, Benjamin Andrews, Max Katubulushi, Benjamin Chi, Evariste Njelesani, Bellington Vwalika, Kasonde Bowa, Margaret Maimbolwa, James Chipeta, Fastone Goma, Selestine Nzala, Sekelani Banda, John Mudenda, Yusuf Ahmed, Lotti Hachambwa, Craig Wilson, Sten Vermund, Yakub Mulla
INTRODUCTION: Zambia is facing a chronic shortage of health care workers. The paper aimed at understanding how the Medical Education Partnership Initiative (MEPI) program facilitated strengthening and expanding of the national capacity and quality of medical education as well as processes for retaining faculty in Zambia. METHODS: Data generated through documentary review, key informant interviews and observations were analyzed using a thematic approach. RESULTS: The MEPI program triggered the development of new postgraduate programs thereby increasing student enrollment...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804642/e-learning-for-medical-imaging-specialists-introducing-blended-learning-in-a-nuclear-medicine-specialist-course
#11
Torjan Haslerud, Andreas Julius Tulipan, Robert M Gray, Martin Biermann
BACKGROUND: While e-learning has become an important tool in teaching medical students, the training of specialists in medical imaging is still dominated by lecture-based courses. PURPOSE: To assess the potential of e-learning in specialist education in medical imaging. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An existing lecture-based five-day course in Clinical Nuclear Medicine (NM) was enhanced by e-learning resources and activities, including practical exercises...
July 2017: Acta Radiologica Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791242/an-online-academic-writing-and-publishing-skills-course-help-syrians-find-their-voice
#12
Ammar Sabouni, Abdelkader Chaar, Yamama Bdaiwi, Abdulrahman Masrani, Heba Abolaban, Fares Alahdab, Belal Firwana, Ahmad Al-Moujahed
PURPOSE: A group of Arab-American physicians and researchers in the United States organized a blended online course in academic writing and publishing in medicine targeting medical students and physicians in war-torn Syria. This was an effort to address one of the reasons behind the poor quantity and quality of scientific research papers in Syria and the Arab region. In this paper, we report on the design, conduct, and outcome of this course and attempt to evaluate its effectiveness. METHODS: The educational intervention was a 2-month blended online course...
July 2017: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789690/first-year-medical-students-learning-style-preferences-and-their-correlation-with-performance-in-different-subjects-within-the-medical-course
#13
Daniel Hernández-Torrano, Syed Ali, Chee-Kai Chan
BACKGROUND: Students commencing their medical training arrive with different educational backgrounds and a diverse range of learning experiences. Consequently, students would have developed preferred approaches to acquiring and processing information or learning style preferences. Understanding first-year students' learning style preferences is important to success in learning. However, little is understood about how learning styles impact learning and performance across different subjects within the medical curriculum...
August 8, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789602/innovation-and-entrepreneurship-programs-in-us-medical-education-a-landscape-review-and-thematic-analysis
#14
Blake A Niccum, Arnab Sarker, Stephen J Wolf, Matthew J Trowbridge
BACKGROUND: Training in innovation and entrepreneurship (I&E) in medical education has become increasingly prevalent among medical schools to train students in complex problem solving and solution design. OBJECTIVE: We aim to characterize I&E education in US allopathic medical schools to provide insight into the features and objectives of this growing field. DESIGN: I&E programs were identified in 2016 via structured searches of 158 US allopathic medical school websites...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768946/present-conditions-and-problems-of-home-care-education-in-pharmaceutical-education-through-the-activities-of-the-working-group-to-create-home-clinical-cases-for-education
#15
Yuko Kobuke
 In the pharmaceutical education model core curriculums revision, "basic qualities required as a pharmacist" are clearly shown, and "the method based on learning outcomes" has been adopted. One of the 10 qualities (No. 7) is "Practical ability of the health and medical care in the community". In the large item "F. Pharmaceutical clinical" of the model core curriculums, "participation in the home (visit) medical care and nursing care" is written in "participation in the health, medical care, and welfare of the community", and it is an important problem to offer opportunities of home medical care education at university...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765456/trends-in-basic-sciences-education-in-dental-schools-1999-2016
#16
Marilyn S Lantz, Charles F Shuler
The purpose of this study was to examine data published over the past two decades to identify trends in the basic sciences curriculum in dental education, provide an analysis of those trends, and compare them with trends in the basic sciences curriculum in medical education. Data published from the American Dental Association (ADA) Surveys of Dental Education, American Dental Education Association (ADEA) Surveys of Dental School Seniors, and two additional surveys were examined. In large part, survey data collected focused on the structure, content, and instructional strategies used in dental education: what was taught and how...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759739/online-embryology-teaching-using-learning-management-systems-appears-to-be-a-successful-additional-learning-tool-among-egyptian-medical-students
#17
Ahmed Farid Al-Neklawy
Although the traditional didactic lecture is considered to be efficient for presenting information and providing explanations, it usually does not provide adequate time for deeper learning activities. So, traditional lecture is one of the most widely criticized educational methods. Virtual learning environment (VLE) is a specially designed environment that facilitates teachers' management of educational courses for their students, using computer hardware and software, which involves distance learning. In this study, we evaluated the experiment of online teaching of General Embryology for Egyptian undergraduate medical students using WizIQ learning management system...
July 29, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759705/validation-of-clay-modeling-as-a-learning-tool-for-the-periventricular-structures-of-the-human-brain
#18
Veronica Akle, Ricardo A Peña-Silva, Diego M Valencia, Carlos W Rincón-Perez
Visualizing anatomical structures and functional processes in three dimensions (3D) are important skills for medical students. However, contemplating 3D structures mentally and interpreting biomedical images can be challenging. This study examines the impact of a new pedagogical approach to teaching neuroanatomy, specifically how building a 3D-model from oil-based modeling clay affects learners' understanding of periventricular structures of the brain among undergraduate medical students in Colombia. Students were provided with an instructional video before building the models of the structures, and thereafter took a computer-based quiz...
July 31, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753068/a-qualitative-exploration-of-multiple-perspectives-on-transfer-of-learning-between-classroom-and-clinical-workplace
#19
Sanne Peters, Geraldine Clarebout, Marc van Nuland, Bert Aertgeerts, Ann Roex
Phenomenon: Transfer of learning between classroom and workplace appears to be difficult. Various conceptions about learning in either the classroom or the workplace exist among stakeholders, yet little is known about their conceptions of the transfer of learning between both settings. This study explored stakeholders' conceptions about transfer of learning between classroom-based learning and workplace practice. APPROACH: Homogeneous focus groups with students, medical teachers, and workplace supervisors were conducted using a constructivist grounded theory approach...
July 28, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753058/attitudes-and-perceptions-from-nursing-and-medical-students-towards-the-other-profession-in-relation-to-wound-care
#20
Anne Friman, Desiree Wiegleb Edström, Samuel Edelbring
Lack of nurse‒physician collaboration in wound care may result in prolonged healing times for patients. In order to facilitate future professional collaboration, undergraduate learning activities in interprofessional education (IPE) have been proposed. The aim of this study was to investigate nursing and medical students' attitudes and perceptions towards each other's future professions and interprofessional collaboration in wound care. Nursing and medical students took part in an interprofessional learning activity about wound care...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
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