keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Motivation and learning

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817439/faculty-development-for-the-operating-room-an-examination-of-the-effectiveness-of-an-intraoperative-teaching-course-for-surgeons
#1
Aimee K Gardner, Matthew D Timberlake, Brian J Dunkin
OBJECTIVE: We describe a half-day faculty development course designed to equip surgical educators with evidence-based teaching frameworks shown to promote learning in the operating room (OR). We hypothesize that participating faculty will deliver improved instruction as perceived by residents. METHODS: Residents anonymously rated faculty teaching behaviors among whom they had recently worked in the OR (minimum 3 cases in preceding 6 months) using the Briefing - Intraoperative teaching - Debriefing Assessment Tool (BIDAT; 1 = never, 5 = always)...
August 16, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816677/prototype-incorporated-emotional-neural-network
#2
Oyebade K Oyedotun, Adnan Khashman
Artificial neural networks (ANNs) aim to simulate the biological neural activities. Interestingly, many ''engineering'' prospects in ANN have relied on motivations from cognition and psychology studies. So far, two important learning theories that have been subject of active research are the prototype and adaptive learning theories. The learning rules employed for ANNs can be related to adaptive learning theory, where several examples of the different classes in a task are supplied to the network for adjusting internal parameters...
August 15, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816663/specificity-and-latent-correlation-learning-for-action-recognition-using-synthetic-multi-view-data-from-depth-maps
#3
Bin Liang, Lihong Zheng
This paper presents a novel approach to action recognition using synthetic multi-view data from depth maps. Specifically, multiple views are firstly generated by rotating 3D point clouds from depth maps. A pyramid multi-view depth motion template (MVDMT) is then adopted for multi-view action representation, characterizing the multi-scale motion and shape patterns in 3D. Empirically, despite the view-specific information, the latent information between multiple views often provides important cues for action recognition...
August 14, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816524/from-the-abstract-to-the-concrete-implementation-of-an-innovative-tool-in-home-care
#4
Anu Kajamaa, Klaus-Peter Schulz
Background The implementation of innovations in practice is a critical factor for change and development processes in health and home care. We therefore analyze how an innovative tool - a mobility agreement to maintain physical mobility of home care clients - was implemented in Finnish home care. Methods Our study involves ethnographic research of 13 home care visits, two years after the mobility agreement was implemented. We analyze the emergence of contradictions, the motives of the actors and the use of artifacts supporting or inhibiting the implementation...
January 1, 2017: Health Services Management Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816513/iterative-design-and-testing-for-the-development-of-a-game-based-chlamydia-awareness-intervention-a-pilot-study
#5
Rui Jiang, James McKanna, Samantha Calabrese, Magy Seif El-Nasr
OBJECTIVES: Herein we describe a methodology for developing a game-based intervention to raise awareness of Chlamydia and other sexually transmitted infections among youth in Boston's underserved communities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We engaged in three design-based experiments. These utilized mixed methods, including playtesting and assessment methods, to examine the overall effectiveness of the game. In this case, effectiveness is defined as (1) engaging the target group, (2) increasing knowledge about Chlamydia, and (3) changing attitudes toward Chlamydia testing...
August 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816511/virtual-reality-and-active-videogame-based-practice-learning-needs-and-preferences-a-cross-canada-survey-of-physical-therapists-and-occupational-therapists
#6
Danielle Levac, Stephanie Glegg, Heather Colquhoun, Patricia Miller, Farzad Noubary
OBJECTIVE: Describe the clinical use of virtual reality (VR)/active videogaming (AVG) by physical therapists (PTs) and occupational therapists (OTs) in Canada, identify usage barriers and facilitators, evaluate factors that predict intention to use VR/AVGs, and determine therapists' learning needs. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Online survey of therapists in Canada who were members of 1 of 26 professional PT or OT colleges or associations using the Assessing Determinants Of Prospective Take-up of Virtual Reality (ADOPT-VR2) Instrument...
August 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815260/-improving-the-teaching-quality-by-multiple-tools-and-technology-in-oral-histopathology-experimental-course
#7
Zhen Tian, Li-Zhen Wang, Yu-Hua Hu, Chun-Ye Zhang, Jiang Li
PURPOSES: Oral histopathology is a course which needs to be combined with theory and practice closely. Experimental course plays an important role in teaching oral histopathology. Here, we aim to explore a series of effective measures to improve the teaching quality of experimental course and tried to train observation, thinking, analysis and problem solving skills of dental students. METHODS: We re-edited and updated the experimental textbook "guidelines of experimental course of oral histopathology", and published the reference book for experimental course--"color pocket atlas of oral histopathology: experiment and diadactic teaching"...
April 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813792/there-is-plenty-of-room-for-motor-learning-at-the-bottom-of-the-fugl-meyer-acquisition-of-a-novel-bimanual-wheelchair-skill-after-chronic-stroke-using-an-unmasking-technology
#8
Yasemin Sarigul-Klijn, Joan Lobo-Prat, Brendan W Smith, Sage Thayer, Daniel Zondervan, Vicky Chan, Oliver Stoller, David J Reinkensmeyer
Many people with a stroke have a severely paretic arm, and it is often assumed that they are unable to learn novel, skilled behaviors that incorporate use of that arm. Here, we show that a group of people with chronic stroke (n = 5, upper extremity Fugl-Meyer scores: 31, 30, 26, 22, 8) learned to use their impaired arm to propel a novel, yoked-clutch lever drive wheelchair. Over six daily training sessions, each involving about 134 training movements with their "useless" arm, the users gradually achieved a 3-fold increase in wheelchair speed on average, with a 4-6 fold increase for three of the participants...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813352/optimizing-motivation-and-attention-for-motor-performance-and-learning
#9
REVIEW
Rebecca Lewthwaite, Gabriele Wulf
We review three lines of recent research at an intersection of motor learning and sport psychology as they relate to motor skill acquisition: enhanced expectancies, autonomy support, and external attentional focus. Findings within these lines of research have been integrated into a new theory, the OPTIMAL (Optimizing Performance through Intrinsic Motivation and Attention for Learning) theory (i.e., OPTIMAL theory, Wulf and Lewthwaite, 2016), and have been applied in motor skill acquisition and performance. Implications range from more effective skill development in children and novice performers to athletes and performers in many fields, including clinical rehabilitation...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812935/motivations-for-learning-of-family-medicine-residents-trained-in-competency-based-education
#10
Oksana Babenko, Olga Szafran, Sudha Koppula, Lillian Au
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Family physicians regularly encounter clinical uncertainty and ambiguity and thus, are expected to engage in on-going learning to respond to changing needs of family practice. Using Achievement Goal Theory, the objective of this study was to examine motivations for learning of family medicine residents in a competency-based program. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study, employing a survey methodology with family medicine residents at the mid-point of training at a Canadian university...
August 16, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809717/multiview-privileged-support-vector-machines
#11
Jingjing Tang, Yingjie Tian, Peng Zhang, Xiaohui Liu
Multiview learning (MVL), by exploiting the complementary information among multiple feature sets, can improve the performance of many existing learning tasks. Support vector machine (SVM)-based models have been frequently used for MVL. A typical SVM-based MVL model is SVM-2K, which extends SVM for MVL by using the distance minimization version of kernel canonical correlation analysis. However, SVM-2K cannot fully unleash the power of the complementary information among different feature views. Recently, a framework of learning using privileged information (LUPI) has been proposed to model data with complementary information...
August 11, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809695/looking-beyond-the-simple-scenarios-combining-learners-and-optimizers-in-3d-temporal-tracking
#12
David Joseph Tan, Nassir Navab, Federico Tombari
3D object temporal trackers estimate the 3D rotation and 3D translation of a rigid object by propagating the transformation from one frame to the next. To confront this task, algorithms either learn the transformation between two consecutive frames or optimize an energy function to align the object to the scene. The motivation behind our approach stems from a consideration on the nature of learners and optimizers. Throughout the evaluation of different types of objects and working conditions, we observe their complementary nature-on one hand, learners are more robust when undergoing challenging scenarios, while optimizers are prone to tracking failures due to the entrapment at local minima; on the other, optimizers can converge to a better accuracy and minimize jitter...
August 10, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809558/aliphatic-c-sp3-h-bond-activation-using-nickel-catalysis-mechanistic-insights-on-regioselective-arylation
#13
Sukriti Singh, Surya K, Raghavan B Sunoj
Transition metal catalyzed C(sp3)-H bond activation in aliphatic compounds are of current interest. Lack of mechanistic insights on Ni-catalyzed C(sp3)-H activation using 8-aminoquinoline as a directing group motivated us to examine an interesting direct arylation of an aliphatic tertiary amide by using density functional theory. The catalysis employed Ni(II) pre-catalyst, 4-iodoanisole as an arylating agent, sodium carbonate and mesitylenic acid as additives in DMF solvent. Examination of a comprehensive set of mechanistic pathways helped us learn that the most preferred route begins with a bidentate chelate binding of deprotonated substrate to the Ni...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808590/genesis-and-maintenance-of-attentional-biases-the-role-of-the-locus-coeruleus-noradrenaline-system
#14
REVIEW
Mana R Ehlers, Rebecca M Todd
Emotionally arousing events are typically better remembered than mundane ones, in part because emotionally relevant aspects of our environment are prioritized in attention. Such biased attentional tuning is itself the result of associative processes through which we learn affective and motivational relevance of cues. We propose that the locus coeruleus-noradrenaline (LC-NA) system plays an important role in the genesis of attentional biases through associative learning processes as well as their maintenance...
2017: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808037/separate-mesocortical-and-mesolimbic-pathways-encode-effort-and-reward-learning-signals
#15
Tobias U Hauser, Eran Eldar, Raymond J Dolan
Optimal decision making mandates organisms learn the relevant features of choice options. Likewise, knowing how much effort we should expend can assume paramount importance. A mesolimbic network supports reward learning, but it is unclear whether other choice features, such as effort learning, rely on this same network. Using computational fMRI, we show parallel encoding of effort and reward prediction errors (PEs) within distinct brain regions, with effort PEs expressed in dorsomedial prefrontal cortex and reward PEs in ventral striatum...
August 14, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804379/identifying-important-factors-for-older-adults-physical-activity-participation-across-individual-group-structured-unstructured-contexts
#16
Katie L Beck, Lori E Weeks, William J Montelpare, Dany J MacDonald
Most Canadian older adults do not meet physical activity recommendations. Researchers have investigated participation barriers and facilitators, with little consideration given to how specific factors influence activity participation for older adults. The purpose of this study was to identify unique factors that influence older adults' activity selection and to determine in which type of setting they are preferred. Using a two-phase methodology, identification of 25 factors affecting participation was followed by 45 older adults ranking the factors within four categories of activities: individual unstructured, group unstructured, individual structured, and group structured...
September 2016: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803535/robotic-assistance-for-training-finger-movement-using-a-hebbian-model-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Justin B Rowe, Vicky Chan, Morgan L Ingemanson, Steven C Cramer, Eric T Wolbrecht, David J Reinkensmeyer
BACKGROUND: Robots that physically assist movement are increasingly used in rehabilitation therapy after stroke, yet some studies suggest robotic assistance discourages effort and reduces motor learning. OBJECTIVE: To determine the therapeutic effects of high and low levels of robotic assistance during finger training. METHODS: We designed a protocol that varied the amount of robotic assistance while controlling the number, amplitude, and exerted effort of training movements...
August 2017: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802898/neurochemical-evidence-that-cocaine-and-amphetamine-regulated-transcript-cart-55-102-peptide-modulates-the-dopaminergic-reward-system-by-decreasing-the-dopamine-release-in-the-mouse-nucleus-accumbens
#18
Angelina Rakovska, Maria Baranyi, Katalin Windish, Polina Petkova-Kirova, Hristo Gagov, Reni Kalfin
CART (Cocaine- and Amphetamine-Regulated Transcript) peptide is a neurotransmitter naturally occurring in the CNS and found mostly in nucleus accumbens, ventrotegmental area, ventral pallidum, amygdalae and striatum, brain regions associated with drug addiction. In the nucleus accumbens, known for its significant role in motivation, pleasure, reward and reinforcement learning, CART peptide inhibits cocaine and amphetamine-induced dopamine-mediated increases in locomotor activity and behavior, suggesting a CART peptide interaction with the dopaminergic system...
August 9, 2017: Brain Research Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802449/living-with-an-autonomous-spatiotemporal-home-heating-system-exploration-of-the-user-experiences-ux-through-a-longitudinal-technology-intervention-based-mixed-methods-approach
#19
Martin Kruusimagi, Sarah Sharples, Darren Robinson
Rising energy demands place pressure on domestic energy consumption, but savings can be delivered through home automation and engaging users with their heating and energy behaviours. The aim of this paper is to explore user experiences (UX) of living with an automated heating system regarding experiences of control, understanding of the system, emerging thermal behaviours, and interactions with the system as this area is not sufficiently researched in the existing homes setting through extended deployment. We present a longitudinal deployment of a quasi-autonomous spatiotemporal home heating system in three homes...
November 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799890/country-wide-distance-training-for-delivery-of-screening-and-brief-intervention-for-problematic-substance-use-a-pilot-evaluation-of-participant-experiences-and-patient-outcomes
#20
Ana Paula Leal Carneiro, Maria Lucia Oliveira Souza-Formigoni
BACKGROUND: In this study, we evaluated if the 120-hour distance-learning (DL) course SUPERA (an acronym in Portuguese meaning: System for detection of excessive use or dependence on psychoactive substances: brief Intervention, social reinsertion and follow-up) was an effective way to train health professionals and social workers to apply screening and brief intervention (SBI) for patients with substance use disorders. METHODS: In the first phase, 2,420 health professionals or social workers, who had completed the course, answered an online survey about their use of the SBI...
August 11, 2017: Substance Abuse
keyword
keyword
33275
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"