keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

"hepatitis e"

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529271/evidence-of-infection-with-leptospira-interrogans-and-spotted-fever-group-rickettsiae-among-rodents-in-an-urban-area-of-osaka-city-japan
#1
Kenta Shimizu, Rie Isozumi, Kazutoshi Takami, Isao Kimata, Kanae Shiokawa, Kumiko Yoshimatsu, Yoshimi Tsuda, Sanae Nishio, Jiro Arikawa
We examined 33 rodents captured in an urban area of Osaka City, Japan for IgG antibodies against Seoul virus, severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus, hepatitis E virus, Leptospira interrogans, Yersinia pestis, spotted fever, typhus and scrub typhus group rickettsiae. We found that 3 (9.1%) and 1 (3.0%) of the 33 rodents had antibodies against L. interrogans and spotted fever group rickettsiae, respectively. DNAs of leptospires were detected from 2 of the 3 seropositive rodents, but DNA of rickettsia was not detected...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528763/evaluation-of-recombinant-chinese-avian-hepatitis-e-virus-cahev-orf2-and-orf3-proteins-for-protection-of-chickens-against-cahev-infection
#2
Shahid Faraz Syed, Yani Sun, Taofeng Du, Yiyang Chen, Baoyuan Liu, Xinjie Wang, Huixia Li, Yuchen Nan, En-Min Zhou, Qin Zhao
Avian hepatitis E virus (HEV) is the etiologic agent of big liver and spleen disease in chickens. In 2010, the Chinese avian HEV (CaHEV) strain was isolated from chickens and demonstrated to cause the decreased egg production in layer hens. No avian HEV commercial vaccine has yet been developed to prevent virus infection in China. In this study, recombinant CaHEV truncated ORF2 and complete ORF3 proteins were evaluated separately for immunoprotection of chickens against CaHEV infection. First, truncated ORF2 and complete ORF3 proteins were expressed in Escherichia coli...
May 18, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523520/hepatitis-e-virus-serology-and-pcr-does-the-methodology-matter
#3
Lien Cattoir, Frederik Van Hoecke, Tom Van Maerken, Eveline Nys, Inge Ryckaert, Matthias De Boulle, Anja Geerts, Xavier Verhelst, Isabelle Colle, Veronik Hutse, Vanessa Suin, Magali Wautier, Steven Van Gucht, Hans Van Vlierberghe, Elizaveta Padalko
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) genotype 3 is an emerging pathogen in the developed world. As the clinical manifestations and routine laboratory parameters are often nonspecific, accurate diagnostic tests are crucial. In the current study, the performance of six serological assays and three PCR assays for the detection of HEV was evaluated. In the setting of the Ghent University Hospital, patients with clinically suspected HEV infection were tested for the presence of HEV IgM and IgG as well as HEV RNA. Serology was performed using six commercial HEV ELISA assays: Biorex, Wantai and Mikrogen IgM and IgG...
May 18, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522709/identification-of-a-novel-hepatitis-e-virus-genotype-3-strain-isolated-from-a-chronic-hepatitis-e-virus-infection-in-a-kidney-transplant-recipient-in-switzerland
#4
Bo Wang, Dominik Harms, Jörg Hofmann, Diana Ciardo, Agnes Kneubühl, C-Thomas Bock
Hepatitis E virus genotype 3 (HEV-3) is the causal pathogen of chronic hepatitis E. We report here the full-length genome sequence of an HEV-3 strain, isolated from a kidney transplant recipient in Switzerland (SW/16-0282). This HEV-3 strain showed less than 88% homology compared to known strains, suggesting a new HEV-3 strain.
May 18, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520759/first-evidence-of-the-hepatitis-e-virus-in-environmental-waters-in-colombia
#5
Paula A Baez, Maria Camila Lopez, Alejandra Duque-Jaramillo, Dioselina Pelaez, Francisco Molina, Maria-Cristina Navas
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is one of the main causes of acute viral hepatitis of enteric transmission. HEV has been detected in environmental samples in several countries from Europe and Asia, constituting a risk factor for waterborne infection. In Colombia, HEV has been identified in samples obtained from patients as well as from swine, but no environmental studies have been carried out. To determine if HEV is present in environmental waters, samples from the main source of drinking water plant and of wastewater system of eight municipalities and two villages of Antioquia state (North West Colombia), were collected between December 2012 and April 2014...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506371/hepatitis-e-virus-and-the-liver-clinical-settings-and-liver-pathology
#6
REVIEW
Daniela Lenggenhager, Achim Weber
Infection with hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a leading cause of acute hepatitis worldwide, now increasingly recognized also in nonendemic regions. Clinical manifestation of hepatitis E includes mostly asymptomatic/subclinical presentations or acute, self-limiting hepatitis, but also potentially fatal liver failure or chronic hepatitis in immunocompromised individuals. Accordingly, hepatitis E histolpathologic patterns range from an unremarkable histology over acute (cholestatic) hepatitis with variable degree of necrosis to chronic hepatitis with fibrosis...
June 2017: Gastroenterology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497542/molecular-detection-and-phylogenetic-analysis-of-hepatitis-e-virus-strains-circulating-in-wild-boars-in-south-central-italy
#7
G Aprea, M G Amoroso, I Di Bartolo, N D'Alessio, D Di Sabatino, A Boni, B Cioffi, D D'Angelantonio, S Scattolini, L De Sabato, G Cotturone, F Pomilio, G Migliorati, G Galiero, G Fusco
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a zoonotic pathogen with a worldwide distribution, and infects several mammalian species, including pigs and wild boars, which are recognized as its natural reservoirs. The virus causes a usually self-limiting liver disease with a mortality rate generally below 1%, although mortality rates of 15%-25% have been recorded in pregnant woman. Chronic infections can also occur. The prevalence of HEV has been extensively studied in wild boars and pigs in northern Italy, where intensive pig herds are predominantly located...
May 11, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492398/chronic-hepatitis-e-in-hiv-hbv-coinfected-patient-lack-of-power-of-sofosbuvir-ribavirin
#8
Eve Todesco, Sophie Demeret, Ruxandra Calin, Anne-Marie Roque-Afonso, Vincent Thibault, Vincent Mallet, Sepideh Akhavan, Marie Jaspard, Gilles Peytavin, Thierry Poynard, Christine Katlama, Valérie Pourcher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486512/in-house-elisa-based-on-recombinant-orf2-protein-underline-high-prevalence-of-igg-anti-hepatitis-e-virus-amongst-blood-donors-in-south-brazil
#9
Rafael Pandolfi, Denise Ramos de Almeida, Marcelo Alves Pinto, Luiz Carlos Kreutz, Rafael Frandoloso
Hepatitis E Virus (HEV) is a zoonotic pathogen responsible for causing acute hepatitis in human, especially in developing countries. Diagnosis of HEV usually relies on the detection of antibodies mostly by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). In the present study, we designed a new indirect ELISA (iELISA) based on a short recombinant peptide derived from the capsid protein (ORF2p) and demonstrated its potential for detecting human IgG against HEV genotype 3. The best polystyrene plate (Maxisorp®), optimal ORF2p coating antigen concentration (0,67μg/well) and primary antibody dilution (1:100) were determined...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483690/characterization-of-the-lipid-envelope-of-exosome-encapsulated-hev-particles-protected-from-the-immune-response
#10
Sabine Chapuy-Regaud, Martine Dubois, Célia Plisson-Chastang, Tiffany Bonnefois, Sébastien Lhomme, Justine Bertrand-Michel, Bruno You, Steve Simoneau, Pierre-Emmanuel Gleizes, Benoît Flan, Florence Abravanel, Jacques Izopet
The hepatitis E virus (HEV) is the most common cause of acute hepatitis worldwide. Although HEV is a small, naked RNA virus, HEV particles become associated with lipids in the blood of infected patients and in the supernatant of culture systems. The egress of these particles from cells implies the exocytosis pathway but the question of the role of the resulting HEV RNA containing exosomes and the nature of the lipids they contain has not been fully addressed. We determined the lipid proportions of exosomes from uninfected and HEV-infected cells and their role in HEV spreading...
May 5, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472617/seroprevalence-and-risk-factors-associated-with-hepatitis-e-virus-infections-among-people-and-pigs-in-tibet-china
#11
Lihong Zhang, Kun Li, Shucheng Huang, Dongyu Liu, Mujeeb Ur Rehman, Yanfang Lan, Hui Zhang, Lei Wang, Yanan Hao, Muhammad Kashif Iqbal, Khalid Mehmood, Yangczom Chamba, Jiakui Li
Hepatitis E virus (HEV), the causative agent of hepatitis E, is an important public health problem throughout the world. There is little information available on the autochthonous HEV infection in highland inhabitants (Tibet, average elevation >3000m) of China. Therefore, we conducted a cross-sectional survey to determine the sero-prevalence of Hepatitis E and association of different risk factors in local people and pigs in Tibet, China. For this purpose, serum samples were collected from 600 local volunteers and 453 Tibetan pigs from July 2014 to August 2015...
May 1, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470455/potential-approaches-to-assess-the-infectivity-of-hepatitis-e-virus-in-pork-products-a-review
#12
REVIEW
Nigel Cook, Martin D'Agostino, Reimar Johne
The zoonotic transmission of hepatitis E, caused by the hepatitis E virus (HEV), is an emerging issue. HEV appears common in pigs (although infected pigs do not show clinical signs), and evidence suggests that a number of hepatitis E cases have been associated with the consumption of undercooked pork meat and products. Little information is available on whether cooking can eliminate HEV, since there is currently no robust method for measuring its infectivity. HEV infectivity can be clearly demonstrated by monitoring for signs of infection (e...
May 3, 2017: Food and Environmental Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469048/hepatitis-e-during-lenalidomide-treatment-for-multiple-myeloma-in-complete-remission
#13
R S Kootte, L M Faber
Lenalidomide has a central role in the treatment of multiple myeloma and results in improved survival. As with other chemotherapeutics, it can cause several serious side effects. This is the first reported case of hepatitis E during lenalidomide treatment for multiple myeloma in complete remission. In case of liver chemistry abnormalities during lenalidomide treatment, the differential diagnosis should include hepatitis E infection.
April 2017: Netherlands Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466048/first-report-of-hepatitis-e-virus-viremia-in-healthy-blood-donors-from-nepal
#14
Birendra Prasad Gupta, Thupten K Lama, Anurag Adhikari, Ananta Shrestha, Ramanuj Rauniyar, Binay Sapkota, Sandeep Thapa, Smita Shrestha, Pawan Prasad Gupta, Krishna Das Manandhar
The aim of this study was to detect the prevalence of hepatitis E virus (HEV) in healthy blood donors so as to decipher the maintenance of (HEV) reservoir if any. Five hundred and eighty-one blood samples along with clinical information were collected from central blood bank, Kathmandu between February and March 2014. Samples were tested for hepatitis B virus surface antigen, anti-hepatitis C virus antibodies, anti-hepatitis A virus IgM, HEV antigen, HEV viral load and anti-HEV antibodies (IgM and IgG) by ELISA...
September 2016: Virusdisease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464334/high-prevalence-of-hepatitis-e-virus-infection-in-goats
#15
Feiyan Long, Wenhai Yu, Chenchen Yang, Jue Wang, Yunlong Li, Yi Li, Fen Huang
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a major cause of acute hepatitis worldwide, primarily transmitted by fecal-oral route. Zoonotic transmission of HEV from HEV-infected pigs (pork) or cows (milk) to human or non-human primate has been confirmed, but the risk of HEV in goat is still rarely assessed. In the present study, stool, blood, tissues and milk of goat were collected for HEV infection investigation from Dali City of Yunnan Province in China, where raw mutton and goat milk are traditionally consumed. Surprisingly, a high prevalence of HEV infection in goat was found...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453178/seroprevalence-of-hepatitis-e-virus-among-blood-donors-in-qatar-2013-2016
#16
Gheyath K Nasrallah, Enas S Al Absi, Rula Ghandour, Nadima H Ali, Sara Taleb, Laila Hedaya, Fatima Ali, Mariam Huwaidy, Abdullatif Husseini
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is an RNA virus transmitted mainly through zoonotic transmission or fecal-oral route. More than 80% of Qatar's population are expatriates, including many coming from hyperendemic countries; thus, it is important to estimate the seroprevalence and to compare between different nationalities. The results can be useful in alerting blood banks to the importance of HEV screening. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Samples from 5854 blood donations provided by Hamad Medical Corporation were tested in the period between June 2013 to June 2016...
April 28, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449730/hepatitis-e-and-blood-donation-safety-in-selected-european-countries-a-shift-to-screening
#17
Dragoslav Domanović, Richard Tedder, Johannes Blümel, Hans Zaaijer, Pierre Gallian, Christoph Niederhauser, Silvia Sauleda Oliveras, Joan O'Riordan, Fiona Boland, Lene Harritshøj, Maria São José Nascimento, Anna Rita Ciccaglione, Constatina Politis, Cornelia Adlhoch, Benoit Flan, Wahiba Oualikene-Gonin, Guy Rautmann, Paul Strengers, Patricia Hewitt
The public health implications of hepatitis E virus (HEV) in Europe have changed due to increasing numbers of hepatitis E cases and recent reports of chronic, persistent HEV infections associated with progression to cirrhosis in immunosuppressed patients. The main infectious risk for such immunosuppressed patients is exposure to undercooked infected pork products and blood transfusion. We summarised the epidemiology of HEV infections among blood donors and also outlined any strategies to prevent transfusion-transmitted HEV, in 11 European countries...
April 20, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449278/seroepidemiology-and-molecular-characterization-of-hepatitis-e-virus-infection-in-swine-and-occupationally-exposed-workers-in-punjab-india
#18
M Bansal, S Kaur, D Deka, R Singh, J P S Gill
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) has two discrete epidemiological patterns: waterborne epidemics in developing countries only, caused by HEV genotype I, and sporadic zoonotic outbreaks in developing and developed countries caused by genotypes III and IV. This study was designed to investigate seroprevalence, molecular detection and the characterization of HEV by nested RT-PCR in swine as well as the occupational risk to exposed human population in Punjab state of north-western India. The occupational risk-exposed group comprised of swine farmers (organized - mixed feed feeders and unorganized - swill feeders), slaughterhouse workers, sewage workers and veterinary internes...
April 27, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449246/review-article-hepatitis-e-a-concise-review-of-virology-epidemiology-clinical-presentation-and-therapy
#19
REVIEW
M C Donnelly, L Scobie, C L Crossan, H Dalton, P C Hayes, K J Simpson
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a leading cause of acute icteric hepatitis and acute liver failure in the developing world. During the last decade, there has been increasing recognition of autochthonous (locally acquired) HEV infection in developed countries. Chronic HEV infection is now recognised, and in transplant recipients this may lead to cirrhosis and organ failure. AIM: To detail current understanding of the molecular biology of HEV, diagnostic and therapeutic strategies and propose future directions for basic science and clinical research...
April 27, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448739/health-economic-evaluation-of-immunization-strategies-of-hepatitis-e-vaccine-for-elderly-population
#20
Xiaoqing Cheng, Yueyuan Zhao, Xuefeng Zhang, Hui Jin, Jie Min
Objective This study was conducted to assess the cost-effectiveness of hepatitis E vaccination of elderly population in the sporadic regions in China. Methods We used a decision tree-Markov model to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of 3 kinds of hepatitis E virus vaccination strategies from societal perspectives. Parameter estimates were obtained from published researches and experts' opinion. The time horizon was 16 years, and the discounted rate was 3% annually. Costs are expressed in 2016 US dollars. Results The universal vaccination strategy had an incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) of US$ 8475...
April 27, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
keyword
keyword
33274
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"