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Colorectal neoplasm and stage 4

Jiekai Yu, Xiaohui Zhai, Xiaofen Li, Chenhan Zhong, Cheng Guo, Fuquan Yang, Ying Yuan, Shu Zheng
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a common malignant neoplasm worldwide. It is important to identify new biomarkers for the early detection of CRC. In this study, magnetic beads and the Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS) platform were used to analyse CRC and healthy control (HC) serum samples. The CRC diagnosis pattern was established to have a specificity of 94.7% and sensitivity of 92.3% in a blind test. The candidate biomarker serine/threonine kinase 4 (STK4, also known as MST1) was identified by Tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) and verified with western blotting and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
October 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
Jing Wang, Lei Zhao, Nina Ma, Juanjuan Che, Huihui Li, Bangwei Cao
RATIONALE: Cronkhite-Canada Syndrome (CCS) is an idiopathic, nonhereditary syndrome haracterized by gastrointestinal (GI) polyposis and ectodermal changes including alopecia, onychatrophia, and pigmentation. CCS colon polyps were previously considered to be benign neoplasms. However, serrated adenoma was reported to be associated with malignant neoplasms in some cases of gastric and colorectal carcinomas, and esophageal cancers. Although malignant colon and gastric cancer have been reported in CCS, reports of distant metastasis have been rare in CCS...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Marino Venerito, Riccardo Vasapolli, Theodore Rokkas, Jean-Charles Delchier, Peter Malfertheiner
In a retrospective study performed in California, U.S.A., ca. 3% of patients with gastric intestinal metaplasia (GIM) developed gastric cancer (GC) within a median time period of 4.6 years after diagnosis of GIM. This observation stresses the importance of targeted surveillance even in regions with a low GC prevalence. Patients with alcoholic liver disease as well as survivors of colorectal and lobular breast cancer were found to be at increased risk of secondary GC. A population-based Chinese study confirmed "serologic biopsy" as a useful screening tool for stratifying the individual risk of developing GC...
September 2017: Helicobacter
ZhengZi Liang, DengGuo Yan, GuoSheng Li, HaiYu Cheng
The objective of the study was to investigate the clinicopathological features of primary colorectal signet-ring cell carcinoma. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical and survival data of 37 patients with primary colorectal signet-ring cell carcinoma. The mean survival time of patients in stage II, III, and IV were estimated using Student t test and the cumulative survival rates were estimated according to the method of Kaplan-Meier. The significance of the differences in survival rates were calculated using the log rank test...
July 8, 2017: Clinical Colorectal Cancer
Tao Xiao, Lei Fu, Zhigang Jie
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal neoplasm (GIN) is the most common neoplasm in China. The global chromatin organizer SATB1 (special AT-rich sequence binding protein 1) is aberrantly expressed in multiple human neoplasms. We conducted this meta-analysis to investigate whether the invasion and metastasis of GIN correlates with SATB1 levels in tumor tissues in Chinese patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eligible studies were identified through multiple search strategies in the databases PubMed, Embase, Medline, CNKI, and WANFANG, and the relevant clinicopathological data were extracted...
July 18, 2017: Oncotarget
Grace Hwei Ching Tan, Tushar Shamji, Akash Mehta, Kandiah Chandrakumaran, Sanjeev Dayal, Faheez Mohamed, Normal J Carr, Babtunde Rowaiye, Tom Cecil, Brendan J Moran
INTRODUCTION: Radiological imaging often underestimates the extent of low volume peritoneal disease. The benefit of laparoscopy in assessing peritoneal metastases from colorectal and gastric cancer is accepted, but is inconclusive for appendiceal malignancy. We report our experience of diagnostic (DL) and therapeutic laparoscopy (TL) in patients with appendiceal tumours to determine indications and role in assessment and management. METHODS: A retrospective review of a National Peritoneal Malignancy Centre's prospectively maintained database was performed...
June 28, 2017: International Journal of Hyperthermia
Omar Abdel-Rahman
BACKGROUND: Population-based data on the development of kidney cancer as a second malignant neoplasm following the diagnosis of other common malignancies are rare. This clinical scenario has been evaluated within the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The SEER-9 database (1973-2013) was queried using the SEER*Stat program to determine the standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) of kidney cancer development following each one of 10 common invasive malignancies (colorectal, breast, prostate, lung, thyroid, corpus uteri, urinary bladder, kidney/renal pelvis, cutaneous melanoma, and non-Hodgkin lymphoma)...
February 27, 2017: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
Yu Zhang, Xiaojie Peng, Kaizhou Jin, Wei Wang, Xingyu Feng, Yujie Zeng, Minhu Chen, Xianjun Yu, Ye Chen, Jie Chen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics and their relationship with prognosis of colorectal neuroendocrine neoplasms (NEN). METHODS: Medical records of 329 patients with colorectal NEN between June 2001 and July 2016 from 6 large scale centers in China were reviewed to investigate the clinicopathological characteristics and their relationship with prognosis of colorectal NEN. RESULTS: (1) Colonic NEN: A total of 41 patients with colonic NEN were enrolled from The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University(n=11), Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center (n=15), Guangdong General Hospital (n=10), Sun Yet-san Memorial Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University (n=3) and Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center (n=2)...
November 25, 2016: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Jun-Feng Xu, Lang Yang, Peng Jin, Jian-Qiu Sheng
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most commonly diagnosed cancer in males and the second in females, with an estimated 1.4 million cases and 693,900 deaths in 2012. Colonoscopy is the cornerstone for the detection and prevention of CRC. In addition, endoscopic treatment for CRC at an early stage can effectively improve patients' quality of life and cure rate. SUMMARY: This review focuses on endoscopic approaches, including white light endoscopy, chromoendoscopy, magnifying endoscopy and therapeutic endoscopy, for the evaluation and treatment of superficial colorectal neoplasms...
October 2016: Gastrointestinal Tumors
Takuji Kawamura, Koji Uno, Kiyohito Tanaka, Yuki Ueda, Naokuni Sakiyama, Kensei Nishida, Kazuhito Rokutan, Kenjiro Yasuda
This retrospective study aimed to clarify the clinical characteristics of advanced colorectal neoplasms after colonoscopy, likely to have been missed on the previous colonoscopy. We reviewed a total of 5,768 consecutive colonoscopies performed from April 2010 to September 2013 in 4,841 patients, and analyzed advanced colorectal neoplasms after colonoscopy, particularly focusing on their morphological characteristics and locations, as compared with primary lesions, defined as lesions detected in their first colonoscopy or in a subsequent colonoscopy >5 years after the previous one...
2016: Journal of Medical Investigation: JMI
Tatsuo Yachida, Takeshi Nakajima, Satoru Nonaka, Keiko Nakamura, Haruhisa Suzuki, Shigetaka Yoshinaga, Ichiro Oda, Yoshihiro Moriya, Tsutomu Masaki, Yutaka Saito
BACKGROUND: After colorectal cancer and desmoid tumors, duodenal adenocarcinoma is the next leading cause of death in familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) patients, but it has not been thoroughly investigated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: To investigate the clinical course of duodenal neoplasia, including adenoma and cancer, we investigated 77 Japanese FAP patients treated at the National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo, Japan. We evaluated the clinicopathologic features, Spigelman severity score, and management of duodenal neoplasms...
June 15, 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Name Name, Teeranut Boonpipattanapong, Anuwat Palanusont, Wanwisa Maneechay, Surasak Sangkhathat
BACKGROUND: There is an established link between obesity related metabolic derangement and colorectal cancer development. Recently, we developed a metabolic-colorectal cancer risk score. In this follow-up study, we studied its association with colorectal neoplasm by measuring two major metabolic syndrome biomarkers, leptin and adiponectin. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the serum levels of leptin and adiponectin in patients with colorectal polyps and colorectal cancer and to determine any correlation with metabolic risk score...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
A Romaszko, E Świetlik, A Doboszyńska, P Szpruch, J Luks
Over the past 30 years there has been an increase in the survival of cancer patients resulting from the advances in cancer management and improved detection of cancer in its early stages. The aim of the study was to analyze the frequency of multiple malignancies in a sample of hospitalized patients in Poland. We analyzed retrospectively the records of 1112 cancer patients hospitalized in the period of January 2013 - August 2014. The criterion for inclusion into the group of multiple malignancy patients was the presence of at least two different malignancies...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
A Cistaro, M Cucinotta, L Cassalia, A Priola, S Priola, M Pappalardo, P Coppolino, M De Simone, N Quartuccio
AIM: Peritoneal carcinomatosis is a common evolution of neoplasms and the terminal stage of disease. A new therapeutic technique, based on the total surgical removal of peritoneal lesions (peritonectomy procedure - PP) combined with the intraperitoneal chemohyperthermia (IPCH), has been developed. Proper patient selection is mandatory for optimizing the results of treatment. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of [(18)F]fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography ((18)F-FDG PET/CT) in patients with peritoneal carcinosis selected to undergo PP and IPCH...
July 2016: Revista Española de Medicina Nuclear e Imagen Molecular
Ignazio Tarantino, Felix J Hüttner, Rene Warschkow, Bruno M Schmied, Markus K Diener, Alexis Ulrich
BACKGROUND: The prognostic relevance of mucinous histology in colorectal cancer remains unclear, especially for rectal neoplasms. The objective of this study was to evaluate if mucinous subtype has a relevant impact on overall survival (OS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS) of patients with adenocarcinomas of the rectum. METHODS: On the basis of the data set of the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program of the National Cancer Institute of the United States, patients with rectal cancer between 2004 and 2011 were identified...
May 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Arne Warth, Sandrina Körner, Roland Penzel, Thomas Muley, Hendrik Dienemann, Peter Schirmacher, Magnus von Knebel-Doeberitz, Wilko Weichert, Matthias Kloor
A major molecular pathway of genetic instability in cancer is DNA mismatch repair deficiency, leading to accumulation of numerous mutations at repetitive DNA sequence stretches (microsatellites), known as high-level microsatellite instability (MSI-H). In colorectal cancer, MSI-H tumors show a clinical behavior different from microsatellite-stable (MSS) tumors. Data about the prevalence of MSI among non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are conflicting, and clinical relevance of MSI is largely unknown. We analyzed a series of 480 pulmonary adenocarcinomas (ADC) for MSI using a sensitive mononucleotide marker panel (BAT25, BAT26, and CAT25)...
March 2016: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
Roseane Mendes Silva, Vanessa Maria de Lima Pazine Campanholo, Ana Paula Ribeiro Paiotti, Ricardo Artigiani Neto, Celina Tizuko Fujiyama Oshima, Daniel Araki Ribeiro, Nora Manoukian Forones
Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer worldwide in both sexes, with similar geographic patterns between genders. This neoplasm has good prognosis if the disease is diagnosed at early stages. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of red grape juice on the expression of COX-2 and Ki-67 expression following colon carcinogenesis induced by azoxymethane (AOM). Thirty-five rats were randomly distributed into seven groups (n=5 per group): G1: SHAM or negative control received only saline; G2 (positive control): animals received 15 mg/kg AOM; G3: animals received 1% red grape juice 2 weeks before the administration of AOM; G4: animals received 2% red grape juice 2 weeks before the administration of AOM; G5: animals received 1% red grape juice 4 weeks after the last administration of AOM; G6: animals received 2% red grape juice 4 weeks after the last administration of AOM; G7: animals received only 2% red grape juice...
November 2015: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
Francesco Iachetta, Federica Domati, Luca Reggiani-Bonetti, Valeria Barresi, Giulia Magnani, Luigi Marcheselli, Claudia Cirilli, Monica Pedroni
Although surgery alone represents a curative approach for patients with pT3N0M0 colon cancer, about 15-20% of these patients develop a relapse of disease. Microsatellite instability (MSI) is one of the most important molecular markers in colorectal cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic relevance of MSI in all pT3N0M0 tumors recorded in the Cancer Registry of the Province of Modena--(Northern Italy) within the 2002-2006 period in patients who showed a relapse of disease during the 5-year period of follow-up (59 cases)...
February 2016: Internal and Emergency Medicine
Zbigniew Lorenc, Mieszko Norbert Opiłka, Celina Kruszniewska-Rajs, Antoni Rajs, Dariusz Waniczek, Małgorzata Starzewska, Justyna Lorenc, Urszula Mazurek
BACKGROUND: Colorectal Cancer (CRC) is one of the most frequently diagnosed neoplasms and also one of the main death causes. Cell adhesion molecules are taking part in specific junctions, contributing to tissue integrality. Lower expression of the cadherins may be correlated with poorer differentiation of the CRC, and its more aggressive phenotype. The aim of the study is to designate the cadherin genes potentially useful for the diagnostics, prognostics, and the treatment of CRC. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Specimens were collected from 28 persons (14 female and 14 male), who were operated for CRC...
2015: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Guido Kroemer, Lorenzo Galluzzi, Laurence Zitvogel, Wolf Hervé Fridman
The first study demonstrating that human colorectal carcinoma (CRC) is under robust immunosurveillance was published a decade ago. Today, it is clear that CRC patients with Stage III lesions abundantly infiltrated by effector memory T cells have a better prognosis than subjects with Stage I neoplasms exhibiting no or poor immune infiltration. Thus, immunological parameters have a superior prognostic value for CRC patients than TNM staging or the Dukes classification. In spite of the fact that CRC is the first neoplasia found to be under immunological control, most attempts made so far to cure this malignancy with immunotherapy have failed...
July 2015: Oncoimmunology
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