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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551939/-is-there-a-way-to-reduce-iron-deficiency-anemia-rates-in-the-second-year-of-life-of-bedouin-children-in-the-negev
#1
Orly Kerub, Hillel Vardi, Boris Knyazer, Natalya Bilenko
INTRODUCTION: Iron deficiency anemia is the most common worldwide nutritional deficiency contributing to childhood morbidity and mortality. According to the official health policy in Israel, providing iron for all babies from the age of 4 months to the age of one year old is recommended. This policy also recommends providing iron supplementation for an additional 6 months for toddlers (who are one year old) with anemia (hemoglobin<11mg/dl). Despite this policy, there is still a high rate of anemia in the Negev's two year old children, especially in the Bedouin population...
March 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551924/-adherence-to-oral-anti-cancer-drugs-in-hemato-oncology
#2
Sarit Ashkenazi, Juliet Dreyer, Pia Raanani, Avi Leader
Non-adherence to medical treatment is prevalent in the context of potentially life-saving treatment for diseases such as cancer. Estimates of non-adherence to oral anti-cancer therapy range between 27% and 63% in studies of cancer patients. This represents a growing challenge, due to the paradigm shift in anti-cancer treatment from parenteral chemotherapy to oral anti-cancer drugs. The importance of adherence to medical treatment is highlighted by the World Health Organization which considers non-adherence to be a major public health concern...
April 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551920/-women-s-cardiac-health-from-theory-to-activism
#3
REVIEW
Avital Porter
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in the western world, in both genders. Although awareness of the importance of prevention, diagnosis and optimal treatment of CVD has risen in general, most women are not fully aware of their CVD risk. Moreover, women are not alert to the burden of risk in their reproductive years (e.g. complicated pregnancy and/or peri-menopausal period) and their impact on future CVD. Unique Female issues such as: fertile age, menopause, oral contraceptives, hormonal and metabolic disorders during pregnancy, labor, as well as psychological matters, and healthy life-style are major contributors to primary and secondary prevention of CVD...
April 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551858/cost-effectiveness-of-drug-treatments-for-advanced-melanoma-a-systematic-literature-review
#4
REVIEW
Darío Rubio-Rodríguez, Silvia De Diego Blanco, Maite Pérez, Carlos Rubio-Terrés
BACKGROUND: Until recently, advanced melanoma (unresectable and metastatic) has had a poor prognosis and has been treated with chemotherapy. The introduction of new treatments (BRAF and MEK inhibitors and immunotherapy) has improved overall survival and progression-free survival of some patients. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to review the published evidence on the cost-effectiveness of pharmacological treatments for advanced melanoma. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted, without date or language restrictions, in PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, the Cochrane Library, the UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence databases and the Health Technology Assessment journal...
May 27, 2017: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551836/does-exercise-training-augment-improvements-in-quality-of-life-induced-by-energy-restriction-for-obese-populations-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Daniel J van den Hoek, Clint T Miller, Steve F Fraser, Steve E Selig, John B Dixon
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is associated with a decline in health-related quality of life (HRQOL), while weight loss and exercise training have a positive influence. The aim of this systematic review was to compare the effects of energy restriction (ER) alone intervention to diet and exercise intervention on HRQOL. METHODS: MEDLINE, CINAHL and PsycINFO databases were searched for randomised controlled trials examining HRQOL through lifestyle interventions which examined ER and energy restriction plus exercise in obese adults...
May 27, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551770/quality-of-life-following-prophylactic-gynecological-surgery-experiences-of-female-lynch-mutation-carriers
#6
Holly Etchegary, Elizabeth Dicks, Laura Tamutis, Lesa Dawson
Lynch syndrome (LS) is a genetic condition conferring an elevated risk of gastrointestinal, gynecologic and other malignancies, often before the age of 50. Current guidelines recommend prophylactic gynecologic surgery to manage inherited cancers for female mutation carriers. Data is lacking on women's quality of life following surgery. In this pilot study, we explored how women described their quality of life post-prophylactic gynecologic surgery and the factors that affected post-surgery experiences. A qualitative interview study was the chosen design...
May 27, 2017: Familial Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551694/-association-of-the-meaning-of-life-with-satisfaction-the-occurrence-of-subjective-complaints-and-the-family-s-economic-status-in-the-population-of-lower-secondary-school-students
#7
Dorota Zawadzka, Magdalena Stalmach, Anna Oblacińska, Izabela Tabak
INTRODUCTION: Feeling of meaning in life is extremely crucial factor of mental health. The lack of it can result in various disorders. Many authors, especially those connected with current of humanistic psychology underline the teenagers' life sense. THE AIM: The aim of the paper was to examine the level of satisfaction with life, the frequency of psychosomatic complaints by junior high school students as well as the estimation of economical status of family and the analysis of meaning in life with above mentioned factors...
2017: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551480/general-and-diabetes-specific-stress-in-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#8
Kaitlyn Rechenberg, Robin Whittemore, Margaret Holland, Margaret Grey
BACKGROUND: Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is one of the most common chronic health conditions in adolescents in the United States. Adherence to the recommended treatment regimen has been reported as a source of stress for adolescents. AIM: The purpose of this study was to examine the associations among general and diabetes-specific stress and glycemic control (HbA1c), self-management, and diabetes-specific quality of life (QOL) in adolescents with T1D. METHODS: A secondary analysis of baseline data (N=320) from a randomized controlled trial was conducted...
May 16, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551374/sustained-effects-of-a-psychoeducational-group-intervention-following-bariatric-surgery-follow-up-of-the-randomized-controlled-base-study
#9
Beate Wild, Katharina Hünnemeyer, Helene Sauer, Dieter Schellberg, Beat Peter Müller-Stich, Alfred Königsrainer, Rudolf Weiner, Stephan Zipfel, Wolfgang Herzog, Martin Teufel
BACKGROUND: Evidence regarding the efficacy of psychosocial interventions after bariatric surgery is rare and shows conflicting results. OBJECTIVES: The Bariatric Surgery and Education (BaSE) study aimed to assess the efficacy of a psychoeducational group intervention in patients after bariatric surgery. SETTING: The BaSE study was a randomized, controlled, multicenter clinical trial involving 117 patients who underwent bariatric surgery. Patients received either conventional postsurgical visits or, in addition, a 1-year psychoeducational group program...
April 1, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551322/beliefs-knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-parkinson-s-disease-among-a-xhosa-speaking-black-population-in-south-africa-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Jolynne Mokaya, William K Gray, Jonathan Carr
INTRODUCTION: Many patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) are thought to be undiagnosed and untreated, leading to poor health outcomes. Increasing rates of diagnosis and treatment, with consequent improvements in the quality of life of people with PD in SSA requires an understanding of how PD is perceived and conceptualized within communities. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among a group of Xhosa speaking black South Africans...
May 13, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551179/management-practices-for-male-calves-on-canadian-dairy-farms
#11
D L Renaud, T F Duffield, S J LeBlanc, D B Haley, D F Kelton
Morbidity, mortality, and antimicrobial use and resistance are major concerns in the rearing of male dairy calves, so information to support disease prevention is important. The objective of this cross-sectional study was to describe management practices associated with the care of male calves during their first days of life on Canadian dairy farms. A survey was completed by dairy producers across Canada between March 1 and April 30, 2015. The survey included 192 questions covering producer background, farm characteristics, biosecurity practices, disease prevalence, calf health, animal welfare, lameness, milking hygiene, reproduction, and Internet and social media use...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551081/exposure-to-stress-across-the-life-course-and-its-association-with-anxiety-and-depressive-symptoms-results-from-the-australian-women-s-wellness-after-cancer-program-wwacp
#12
Charrlotte Seib, Alexandra McCarthy, Amanda McGuire, Janine Porter-Steele, Sarah Balaam, Robert S Ware, Debra Anderson
OBJECTIVES: Earlier life stressors can increase the risk of persistent anxiety and depressive symptoms in women after cancer, though our understanding of the underlying mechanisms is limited. In this study, we tested alternative life course models to determine which best described associations between exposure to stressors in childhood, adolescence, and adulthood, and self-reported health in women previously treated for breast, gynaecological, and blood cancer. STUDY DESIGN: Data were drawn from 351 Australian women within 2 years of completing active cancer treatment who were participating in the Women's Wellness After Cancer Program (WWACP) randomised controlled trial...
May 19, 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551050/the-relationship-between-physical-and-psychological-complaints-and-quality-of-life-in-severely-injured-patients
#13
Katinka van Delft-Schreurs, C C H M van Delft-Schreurs, M A C van Son, M A C de Jongh, K W W Lansink, J de Vries, M H J Verhofstad
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was two-fold. The first goal was to investigate which variables were associated with the remaining physical limitations of severely injured patients after the initial rehabilitation phase. Second, we investigated whether physical limitations were attributable to the association between psychological complaints and quality of life in this patient group. METHODS: Patients who were 18 years or older and who had an injury severity score (ISS)>15 completed a set of questionnaires at one time-point after their rehabilitation phase (15-53 months after their trauma)...
May 5, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550999/process-mining-routinely-collected-electronic-health-records-to-define-real-life-clinical-pathways-during-chemotherapy
#14
Karl Baker, Elaine Dunwoodie, Richard G Jones, Alex Newsham, Owen Johnson, Christopher P Price, Jane Wolstenholme, Jose Leal, Patrick McGinley, Chris Twelves, Geoff Hall
BACKGROUND: There is growing interest in the use of routinely collected electronic health records to enhance service delivery and facilitate clinical research. It should be possible to detect and measure patterns of care and use the data to monitor improvements but there are methodological and data quality challenges. Driven by the desire to model the impact of a patient self-test blood count monitoring service in patients on chemotherapy, we aimed to (i) establish reproducible methods of process-mining electronic health records, (ii) use the outputs derived to define and quantify patient pathways during chemotherapy, and (iii) to gather robust data which is structured to be able to inform a cost-effectiveness decision model of home monitoring of neutropenic status during chemotherapy...
July 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550958/interprofessional-collaboration-to-improve-sepsis-care-and-survival-within-a-tertiary-care-emergency-department
#15
Elizabeth R Tedesco, Kimberly Whiteman, Melanie Heuston, Brenda Swanson-Biearman, Kimberly Stephens
PROBLEM: Sepsis is a leading cause of death in the United States; however, health care providers struggle with timely recognition, diagnosis, and treatment of patients. Both the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services and the National Quality Forum have identified this diagnosis as a priority. Presently, many patients with sepsis are identified late, resulting in significant morbidity and death. METHODS: In this project, a collaborative, interprofessional approach was created for screening and early identification of ED patients with possible sepsis...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550831/-relevance-of-omega-3-and-omega-6-omega-3-ratio-in-preventing-cognitive-impairment
#16
Belina Nunes, Cristina Pinho, Cláudia Sousa, Alan Rocha Melo, Narcisa Bandarra, Maria Carolina Silva
INTRODUCTION: The epidemiological and social relevance of dementia and mild cognitive impairment increases with life expectancy and prevalence of metabolic disorders. The recognition of an important role for dietary nutrients on cognitive functioning opens new preventive strategies. This work analyses the association between erythrocyte omega-3 index and omega-6 / omega-3 ratio and cognitive performance/ mild cognitive impairment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We selected a random sample of individuals registered at a health centre aged ≥ 55 years...
March 31, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550759/venous-thromboembolism-in-the-elderly-a-narrative-review
#17
REVIEW
T Tritschler, D Aujesky
Persons aged ≥65years not only account for over 60% of venous thromboembolism (VTE) events, they have also a higher mortality and VTE-related morbidity than younger patients, including anticoagulation-related bleeding and the postthrombotic syndrome. However, only few studies have focused specifically on VTE in older persons and practice guidelines commonly extrapolate study results from younger healthier patients to the multimorbid elderly. Evidence suggests that the clinical presentation is more subtle in the elderly with VTE and that commonly used diagnostic modalities, including clinical prediction rules, D-dimer tests, and planar ventilation-perfusion scans are less specific and efficient in older persons...
May 17, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550718/attachment-to-place-in-advanced-age-a-study-of-the-lilacs-nz-cohort
#18
Janine L Wiles, Anna Rolleston, Avinesh Pillai, Joanna Broad, Ruth Teh, Merryn Gott, Ngaire Kerse
An extensive body of research theorises that attachment to place is positively associated with health, particularly for older people. Building on this, we measure how indicators of attachment to place are associated with health for in people of advanced age in New Zealand. We use data from a cohort study (LiLACS NZ), which includes an indigenous Māori cohort aged 80-90 years and a non-Māori cohort aged 85 years from a mixed urban/rural region in New Zealand. Each cohort undertook a comprehensive interview and health assessment (n = 267 Māori and n = 404 non-Māori)...
May 4, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550592/certolizumab-pegol-for-treating-rheumatoid-arthritis-following-inadequate-response-to-a-tnf-%C3%AE-inhibitor-an-evidence-review-group-perspective-of-a-nice-single-technology-appraisal
#19
REVIEW
Iñigo Bermejo, Matt Stevenson, Rachel Archer, John W Stevens, Edward Goka, Mark Clowes, David L Scott, Adam Young
As part of its single technology appraisal (STA) process, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) invited the manufacturer (UCB Pharma) of certolizumab pegol (CZP; Cimzia(®)) to submit evidence of its clinical and cost effectiveness for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) following inadequate response to a tumour necrosis factor-α inhibitor (TNFi). The School of Health and Related Research Technology Appraisal Group at the University of Sheffield was commissioned to act as the independent Evidence Review Group (ERG)...
May 26, 2017: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550494/cost-effectiveness-of-combined-serum-anti-helicobacter-pylori-igg-antibody-and-serum-pepsinogen-concentrations-for-screening-for-gastric-cancer-risk-in-japan
#20
Shota Saito, Motoi Azumi, Yusuke Muneoka, Katsuhiko Nishino, Takashi Ishikawa, Yuichi Sato, Shuji Terai, Kouhei Akazawa
BACKGROUND: A combination of assays for the presence of serum anti-Helicobacter pylori IgG antibody (HPA) and serum pepsinogen (PG) concentrations can be used to screen for gastric cancer risk. In Japan, this "ABC method" is considered an effective means of stratifying gastric cancer risk. This study aimed to ascertain its cost-effectiveness for assessing gastric cancer risk. METHODS: A Markov model was constructed to compare the cost-effectiveness of two strategies for gastric cancer-risk screening over a 30-year period: the ABC method, which uses a combination of assessing the presence of HPA and measuring serum PG concentrations and scheduling endoscopies accordingly, and annual endoscopic screening...
May 26, 2017: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
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