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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814044/a-survey-of-stakeholder-perspectives-on-a-proposed-combined-exoskeleton-wheelchair-technology
#1
Tim Bhatnagar, W Ben Mortensen, Johanne Mattie, Jamie Wolff, Claire Parker, Jaimie Borisoff
BACKGROUND: Exoskeleton technology has potential benefits for wheelchair users' health and mobility. However, there are practical barriers to their everyday use as a mobility device. In particular, challenges related to travelling longer distances and transitioning between using a wheelchair and exoskeleton walking may present significant deterrents to regular exoskeleton use. In an effort to remove these barriers, a combined exoskeleton-wheelchair concept ('COMBO') has been proposed, which aims to achieve the benefits of both these mobility technologies...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814028/quantitative-assessment-of-swallowing-activity-by-mmg-measurement-with-pvdf-film
#2
Hashimoto Takuya, Tsukagoshi Keita, Koike Takuji
Difficulty of swallowing, called dysphagia, leads to aspiration pneumonia which is particularly a big health concern in aging societies. Therefore, prevention and treatment of dysphagia would contribute to extending healthy-life and QOL of elderly people and decreasing healthcare cost. Robotics technologies are expected as one of the effective methods to solve the problem in terms of detecting malfunction in swallowing and recovering swallowing function. The aim of this study is to investigate muscle activity during normal swallowing using mechanomyography (MMG) with PolyVinylidene DiFluoride (PVDF) film which is a ferroelectrics polymer...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813635/standardization-and-scaling-of-a-community-based-palliative-care-model
#3
Janet Bull, Arif H Kamal, Matthew Harker, Donald H Taylor, Lindsay Bonsignore, John Morris, Lisa Massie, Parampal Singh Bhullar, Mary Howell, Mark Hendrix, Deeana Bennett, Amy Abernethy
BACKGROUND: Although limited, the descriptions of Community-Based Palliative Care (CBPC) demonstrates variability in team structures, eligibility, and standardization across care settings. OBJECTIVE: In 2014, Four Seasons Compassion for Life, a nonprofit hospice and palliative care (PC) organization in Western North Carolina (WNC), was awarded a Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Health Care Innovation (CMMI) Award to expand upon their existing innovative model to implement, evaluate, and demonstrate CBPC in the United States...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813554/association-between-purpose-in-life-and-objective-measures-of-physical-function-in-older-adults
#4
Eric S Kim, Ichiro Kawachi, Ying Chen, Laura D Kubzansky
Importance: Higher purpose in life is hypothesized to reduce the likelihood of developing weak grip strength and slow walking speed because purpose has been linked with a range of positive health behaviors and biological processes that are potentially protective against declining physical function. However, the association between purpose in life and objective physical function has not been examined. Objective: To assess whether higher purpose in life among adequately functioning older adults is associated with lower risk of developing weak grip strength and slow walking speed over time...
August 16, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813502/addressing-the-challenge-of-high-priced-prescription-drugs-in-the-era-of-precision-medicine-a-systematic-review-of-drug-life-cycles-therapeutic-drug-markets-and-regulatory-frameworks
#5
Toon van der Gronde, Carin A Uyl-de Groot, Toine Pieters
CONTEXT: Recent public outcry has highlighted the rising cost of prescription drugs worldwide, which in several disease areas outpaces other health care expenditures and results in a suboptimal global availability of essential medicines. METHOD: A systematic review of Pubmed, the Financial Times, the New York Times, the Wall Street Journal and the Guardian was performed to identify articles related to the pricing of medicines. FINDINGS: Changes in drug life cycles have dramatically affected patent medicine markets, which have long been considered a self-evident and self-sustainable source of income for highly profitable drug companies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813467/meat-consumption-reduction-in-italian-regions-health-co-benefits-and-decreases-in-ghg-emissions
#6
Sara Farchi, Manuela De Sario, Enrica Lapucci, Marina Davoli, Paola Michelozzi
INTRODUCTION: Animal agriculture has exponentially grown in recent decades in response to the rise in global demand for meat, even in countries like Italy that traditionally eat a Mediterranean, plant-based diet. Globalization related dietary changes are contributing to the epidemic of non-communicable diseases and to the global climate crisis, and are associated with huge carbon and water footprints. The objective of the study is to assess inequalities in health impacts and in attributable greenhouse gases-GHG emissions in Italy by hypothesizing different scenarios of reduction in red and processed meat consumption towards healthier consumption patterns more compliant with the recommendations of the Mediterranean food pyramid...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813299/stress-and-wellbeing-during-chronic-illness-and-partner-death-in-later-life-the-role-of-social-support
#7
REVIEW
Gery C Karantzas, Omri Gillath
Chronic illness and the death of a romantic partner are two of the most significant stressors reported by older adults, resulting in various physical and mental health consequences. Evidence suggests that social support is a key factor in understanding the association between chronic illness and widowhood and the wellbeing of older adults. Nevertheless, research into social support is often approached in an atheoretical manner when investigating these stressors in older adulthood. We attempt to address this theoretical chasm by proposing an integrative model to explain social support processes in older couples which draws on models of social support and attachment theory...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813237/should-dementia-be-accepted-as-a-disability-to-help-restore-hope-during-cognitive-decline
#8
Nathaniel M Robbins, James L Bernat
Dementia is a common condition that impacts the patient, the family, and society. Currently, a diagnosis of dementia evokes hopelessness in the afflicted, and society provides few resources or systematic support for caregivers or for demented patients. In this commentary, we discuss the origins of hopelessness in dementia, the World Health Organization's six-stage framework of dementia care, and barriers to "normalizing" the experience of dementia in order to provide beneficent and humane care for patients with dementia...
July 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813208/substance-use-and-dependence-among-current-reserve-and-former-military-members-cross-sectional-findings-from-the-national-survey-on-drug-use-and-health-2010-2014
#9
Rachel A Hoopsick, Jennifer Fillo, Bonnie M Vest, D Lynn Homish, Gregory G Homish
BACKGROUND: Maladjustment after leaving the military may contribute to poor health outcomes, including increased risk for substance use and dependence. AIMS: We aimed to examine differences in substance use and dependence on the basis of military involvement in a large nationally representative sample. METHODS: Data are from a subset of the 2010-2014 waves of the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (N = 5,608). Our sample included men and women aged 20-49 years who had either separated/retired from the military (n = 4,862) or were a current reserve soldier (n = 746)...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813183/quality-of-life-in-children-with-orofacial-clefts-and-caregiver-well-being
#10
L Sischo, M Wilson-Genderson, H L Broder
Quality of life is a valid patient-reported parameter that provides an assessment of treatment need or outcomes complementary to standard clinical measures. Such patient-reported assessments are particularly salient when examining chronic conditions with prolonged treatment trajectories, such as cleft lip and palate. This critical review identifies key questions related to ongoing research on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in children with cleft and caregiver well-being. Details of the design and results from 2 longitudinal multicenter studies are presented...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813105/a-scientific-survey-on-1550-cases-of-oral-lesions-diagnosed-in-a-brazilian-referral-center
#11
Artur C Vasconcelos, Carlos Aburad, Igor F P Lima, Sheila M M Santos, Silas Antonio J DE Freitas, Ademir Franco, Sigmar M Rode, Luiz R Paranhos
The present study aimed to perform an epidemiological survey on the prevalence rate of oral lesions diagnosed in a referral center in Brazil and to establish association between the lesions and the age and gender of the affected patients. This analytical observational study analyzed 3521 medical records of anatomopathological exams of the Pathological Anatomy and Cytopathology Laboratory of the Cancer Hospital of the state of Mato Grosso (Brazil), from December 2011 to September 2015. A total of 1550 relevant medical records was detected...
August 14, 2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813073/functional-health-literacy-and-quality-of-life-of-high-school-adolescents-in-state-schools-in-belo-horizonte
#12
Poliana Cristina Rocha, Dálian Cristina Rocha, Stela Maris Aguiar Lemos
Purpose: To investigate the association between functional health literacy and sociodemographic factors, quality of life, self-perception of health, and perception of contexts of violence in adolescents in state schools in Belo Horizonte. Methods: This is a cross-sectional analytical observational study with a probabilistic sample of 384 adolescents between 15 and 19 years old. Data collection was carried out in schools and included self-reporting questionnaires to assess the functional health literacy, socioeconomic classification, self-perceived health, and quality of life...
August 10, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812966/a-snapshot-of-intellectual-disabilities-in-lao-pdr-challenges-for-the-development-of-services
#13
Stian H Thoresen, Angela Fielding, Sue Gillieatt, Barbara Blundell, Liem Nguyen
Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR) has experienced significant economic growth in the last two decades. While access to education, health, and employment for people with disabilities has also improved markedly, people with intellectual disabilities are still among the most vulnerable in society. This article presents findings from a screening survey of 2469 participants, a focus group discussion with key stakeholders in intellectual disabilities, and a case study of the Association for Autism. The screening survey suggests 1...
September 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812834/cost-effectiveness-of-rural-incentive-packages-for-graduating-medical-students-in-lao-pdr
#14
Eric Keuffell, Wanda Jaskiewicz, Khampasong Theppanya, Kate Tulenko
BACKGROUND: The dearth of health workers in rural settings in Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR) and other developing countries limits healthcare access and outcomes. In evaluating non-wage financial incentive packages as a potential policy option to attract health workers to rural settings, understanding the expected costs and effects of the various programs ex ante can assist policy-makers in selecting the optimal incentive package. METHODS: We use discrete choice experiments (DCEs), costing analyses and recent empirical results linking health worker density and health outcomes to estimate the future location decisions of physicians and determine the cost-effectiveness of 15 voluntary incentives packages for new physicians in Lao PDR...
October 29, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812824/the-life-story-experience-of-migrant-dentists-in-australia-potential-implications-for-health-workforce-governance-and-international-cooperation
#15
Madhan Balasubramanian, A John Spencer, Stephanie D Short, Keith Watkins, Sergio Chrisopoulos, David S Brennan
BACKGROUND: The migration of dentists is a major policy challenge facing both developing and developed countries. Dentists from over 120 countries migrate to Australia, and a large proportion are from developing countries. The aim of the study was to assess the life story experience (LSE) of migrant dentists in Australia, in order to address key policy challenges facing dentist migration. METHODS: A national survey of all migrant dentists resident in Australia was conducted in 2013...
October 10, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812720/antagonistic-pleiotropy-and-mutation-accumulation-influence-human-senescence-and-disease
#16
Juan Antonio Rodríguez, Urko M Marigorta, David A Hughes, Nino Spataro, Elena Bosch, Arcadi Navarro
Senescence has long been a public health challenge as well as a fascinating evolutionary problem. There is neither a universally accepted theory for its ultimate causes, nor a consensus about what may be its impact on human health. Here we test the predictions of two evolutionary explanations of senescence-mutation accumulation and antagonistic pleiotropy-which postulate that genetic variants with harmful effects in old ages can be tolerated, or even favoured, by natural selection at early ages. Using data from genome-wide association studies (GWAS), we study the effects of genetic variants associated with diseases appearing at different periods in life, when they are expected to have different impacts on fitness...
January 30, 2017: Nature ecology & evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812479/student-life-international-experience
#17
Katie Dutton
I was one of more than 40 nursing students who travelled to Berlin in June for a five-day trip focusing on the health and care of refugees and asylum seekers - an area I previously knew little about.
August 16, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812455/prognostic-factors-for-change-in-self-reported-anxiety-and-depression-in-spondyloarthritis-patients-data-from-the-population-based-spascania-cohort-from-southern-sweden
#18
Jjl Meesters, S Bergman, E Haglund, Lth Jacobsson, I F Petersson, A Bremander
OBJECTIVES: Anxiety and depression symptoms are more common in patients with spondyloarthritis (SpA) than in the general population. This study describes prognostic factors for change in self-reported anxiety and depression over 2 years in a well-defined SpA cohort. METHOD: In 2009, 3716 adult patients from the SpAScania cohort received a postal questionnaire to assess quality of life (QoL) and physical and mental functioning. A follow-up survey was performed in 2011...
August 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812450/sexual-satisfaction-among-older-australian-heterosexual-men-and-women-findings-from-the-sex-age-me-study
#19
Wendy Heywood, Anthony Lyons, Bianca Fileborn, Sharron Hinchliff, Victor Minichiello, Sue Malta, Catherine Barrett, Briony Dow
This study explored sexual satisfaction in older heterosexual Australians using data from a national sample of 1,583 men and women aged 60+ who hoped or planned to have sex in the future. Data collection took place in 2015; participants were recruited using a variety of online and offline advertisements. Less than half the sample (46%) reported they were very or extremely satisfied with their sexual lives. Those who had sex more often and were more interested in sex were more likely to be satisfied, while those who wanted sex more often in the future were less likely to be satisfied, as were men who had experienced sexual difficulties...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812445/-half-a-woman-half-a-man-that-is-how-they-make-me-feel-a-qualitative-study-of-rural-jordanian-women-s-experience-of-infertility
#20
Mayada A Daibes, Reema R Safadi, Tarek Athamneh, Iman F Anees, Rose E Constantino
Infertility is a health problem encompassing physical, psychological and social consequences that may threaten women's quality of life. Few studies have been conducted in Jordan examining rural women's experiences of infertility. This study aimed to explore responses to infertility and its consequences in the Jordanian rural sociocultural context. Using a descriptive qualitative design, data were collected between April and September 2016 from a fertility clinic in a military hospital in Northern Jordan. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 14 purposively selected Jordanian women...
August 16, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
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