keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

irrigation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529860/use-of-chlorhexidine-preparations-in-total-joint-arthroplasty
#1
REVIEW
Jaiben George, Alison K Klika, Carlos A Higuera
Prosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a serious complication after total joint arthroplasty (TJA). Chlorhexidine is a widely used antiseptic because of its rapid and persistent action. It is well tolerated and available in different formulations at various concentrations. Chlorhexidine can be used for pre-operative skin cleansing, surgical site preparation, hand antisepsis of the surgical team and intra-articular irrigation of infected joints. The optimal intra-articular concentration of chlorhexidine gluconate in irrigation solution is 2%, to provide a persistent decrease in biofilm formation, though cytotoxicity might be an issue...
2017: J Bone Jt Infect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529859/treatment-of-periprosthetic-joint-infection-using-antimicrobials-dilute-povidone-iodine-lavage
#2
REVIEW
John A Ruder, Bryan D Springer
Periprosthetic joint infections (PJI) remain a challenge for the orthopaedic surgeon to treat and remain a leading cause of failure of both primary and revision total joint arthroplasty. Once a PJI develops, surgical treatment is generally indicated and includes an aggressive irrigation and debridement. One component of the irrigation and debridement involves the use of an antiseptic irrigating solution. In primary and revision TJA, dilute povidone-iodine lavage can be performed prior to wound closure. Approximately 17...
2017: J Bone Jt Infect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529858/hydrogen-peroxide-wound-irrigation-in-orthopaedic-surgery
#3
REVIEW
Min Lu, Erik Nathan Hansen
As the burden of deep hardware infections continues to rise in orthopaedics, there is increasing interest in strategies for more effective debridement of colonized tissues and biofilm. Hydrogen peroxide has been used medically for almost a century, but its applications in orthopaedic surgery have yet to be fully determined. The basic science and clinical research on the antiseptic efficacy of hydrogen peroxide have demonstrated its efficacy against bacteria, and it has demonstrated potential synergy with other irrigation solutions such as chlorhexidine and povidone-iodine...
2017: J Bone Jt Infect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529503/response-of-methanogenic-microbial-communities-to-desiccation-stress-in-flooded-and-rain-fed-paddy-soil-from-thailand
#4
Andreas Reim, Marcela Hernández, Melanie Klose, Amnat Chidthaisong, Monthira Yuttitham, Ralf Conrad
Rice paddies in central Thailand are flooded either by irrigation (irrigated rice) or by rain (rain-fed rice). The paddy soils and their microbial communities thus experience permanent or arbitrary submergence, respectively. Since methane production depends on anaerobic conditions, we hypothesized that structure and function of the methanogenic microbial communities are different in irrigated and rain-fed paddies and react differently upon desiccation stress. We determined rates and relative proportions of hydrogenotrophic and aceticlastic methanogenesis before and after short-term drying of soil samples from replicate fields...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528110/effect-of-regulated-deficit-irrigation-on-quality-parameters-carotenoids-and-phenolics-of-diverse-tomato-varieties-solanum-lycopersicum-l
#5
Elena Coyago-Cruz, Mireia Corell, Carla M Stinco, Dolores Hernanz, Alfonso Moriana, Antonio J Meléndez-Martínez
This study aims to evaluate the effects of regulated deficit irrigation (RDI) and of cluster position (CI: first and second cluster; CII: third and fourth cluster; CIII: fifth and sixth cluster) on fruit quality parameters, carotenoids and phenolics in tomatoes. Three common ('Tigerella', 'Palamós' and 'Byelsa') and two cherry varieties ('Lazarino' and 'Summerbrix') were studied. The results showed that the regulated deficit irrigation with reduction of 40 and 50% in the leaf water potential in common and cherry tomatoes did not affect greatly the organoleptic quality of common tomatoes and 'Summerbrix', while cherry varieties were significantly affected with the cluster position...
June 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527851/intentional-replantation-of-an-avulsed-immature-permanent-incisor-a-case-report
#6
Claudio Maniglia-Ferreira, Fabio de Almeida Gomes, Marcelo de Morais Vitoriano
This case report discusses the successful endodontic treatment of an open apex maxillary right permanent central incisor that had been avulsed and incorrectly replanted in a 7-year-old patient. The tooth was carefully re-extracted followed by cleaning of the alveolar socket and immediate replantation. However, pulp necrosis was diagnosed, and regenerative endodontic treatment was performed. The root canal system was disinfected by passive ultrasonic irrigation with 2.5% sodium hypochlorite. At the first visit, the tooth was repositioned and immobilized with an appropriate semirigid splint...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527844/evaluation-of-various-pretreatments-to-fiber-post-on-the-push-out-bond-strength-of-root-canal-dentin
#7
Ömer Kırmalı, Özlem Üstün, Alper Kapdan, Alper Kuştarcı
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this in vitro study was to compare the effect of different pretreatments (fiber post) with the laser-activated irrigation (LAI) technique (for removal of the smear layer) on root canal dentin in terms of push-out bond strength (PBS) in a fiber post. METHODS: Fifty freshly extracted mandibular single-rooted premolars were prepared, and LAI was applied to all roots (17% EDTA was 5 mL for 120 seconds with an erbium, chromium:yttrium-scandium-gallium-garnet laser [0...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527737/the-rain-watered-lawn-informing-effective-lawn-watering-behavior
#8
Felicia D Survis, Tara L Root
Water restrictions are a common municipal water conservation strategy to manage outdoor water demand, which generally represents more than 50% of total urban-suburban water use. Although water restrictions are designed to limit the frequency of lawn watering, they do not always result in actual water savings. The project described here tested a weather-based add-on water conservation strategy in a South Florida suburban community to determine if it promoted more effective lawn watering behavior than mandatory water restrictions alone...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527648/a-case-of-amebiasis-with-negative-serologic-markers-that-caused-intra-abdominal-abscess
#9
Rie Tanaka, Norihiro Furusyo, Rinne Takeda, Sho Yamasaki, Akira Kusaga, Eiichi Ogawa, Masayuki Murata, Ryota Nakanishi, Yoshihiko Maehara
A 23-year-old Japanese woman presented with abdominal distention following fever, diarrhea, and abdominal pain during a stay in Taiwan. Serology for the detection of amebic-antibodies and stool microscopic examination were both negative. A computed tomography scan showed a 13 cm diameter abscess spreading from the lower abdominal wall to the pelvic retroperitoneal space. Needle aspiration of the abscess was done under computed tomography guidance, and microscopy of the aspirated fluid revealed trophozoites of Entamoeba...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527182/water-for-agriculture-the-convergence-of-sustainability-and-safety
#10
Sarah M Markland, David Ingram, Kalmia E Kniel, Manan Sharma
Agricultural water is a precious and limited resource. Increasingly more water types and sources are being explored for use in irrigation within the United States and across the globe. As outlined in this chapter, the Produce Safety Rule (PSR) in the Food Safety and Modernization Act (FSMA) provide irrigation water standards for application of water to fruits and vegetables consumed raw. These rules for production and use of water will continue to develop and be required as the world experiences aspects of a changing climate including flooding as well as drought conditions...
May 2017: Microbiology Spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526569/total-joint-replacement-for-neglected-posterior-knee-dislocation-following-septic-arthritis-after-arthroscopy
#11
Yusuf Öztürkmen, Yunus Emre Akman, Ethem Ayhan Ünkar, Erhan Şükür
This report presents the first case of a knee dislocation following septic arthritis after arthroscopy. A 65-year-old woman had an arthroscopy with irrigation and debridement (I&D) of the joint and microfracture for the chondral lesions. She had complaints of postarthroscopic infection but non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication and local ice compression was recommended. She revisited her physician twice and at the last visit she had a large purulent effusion in her knee. The gram stain of the joint fluid aspirate demonstrated gram-positive cocci and the cultures grew methicilline-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus...
May 16, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515887/bottom-up-and-top-down-effects-of-tree-species-diversity-on-leaf-insect-herbivory
#12
Bastien Castagneyrol, Damien Bonal, Maxime Damien, Hervé Jactel, Céline Meredieu, Evalyne W Muiruri, Luc Barbaro
The diversity of plant neighbors commonly results in direct, bottom-up effects on herbivore ability to locate their host, and in indirect effects on herbivores involving changes in plant traits and a top-down control by their enemies. Yet, the relative contribution of bottom-up and top-down forces remains poorly understood. We also lack knowledge on the effect of abiotic constraints such as summer drought on the strength and direction of these effects. We measured leaf damage on pedunculate oak (Quercus robur), alone or associated with birch, pine or both in a long-term tree diversity experiment (ORPHEE), where half of the plots were irrigated while the other half remained without irrigation and received only rainfall...
May 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515571/estimating-yield-gaps-at-the-cropping-system-level
#13
Nicolas Guilpart, Patricio Grassini, Victor O Sadras, Jagadish Timsina, Kenneth G Cassman
Yield gap analyses of individual crops have been used to estimate opportunities for increasing crop production at local to global scales, thus providing information crucial to food security. However, increases in crop production can also be achieved by improving cropping system yield through modification of spatial and temporal arrangement of individual crops. In this paper we define the cropping system yield potential as the output from the combination of crops that gives the highest energy yield per unit of land and time, and the cropping system yield gap as the difference between actual energy yield of an existing cropping system and the cropping system yield potential...
May 2017: Field Crops Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513789/effect-of-final-irrigation-protocols-on-microhardness-reduction-and-erosion-of-root-canal-dentin
#14
Flávia Emi Razera Baldasso, Luana Roleto, Vinicius Duval da Silva, Renata Dornelles Morgental, Patrícia Maria Poli Kopper
This study aimed to evaluate the effect of final irrigation protocols on microhardness reduction and erosion of root canal dentin. Sixty root canals from mandibular incisors were instrumented and randomly divided into six groups (n = 10) according to the irrigant used: QMiX, 17% EDTA, 10% citric acid (CA), 1% peracetic acid (PA), 2.5% NaOCl (solution control), and distilled water (negative control). The chelating solutions were used to irrigate the canal followed by 2.5% NaOCl as a final flush. After the irrigation protocols, all specimens were rinsed with 10 mL of distilled water to remove any residue of the chemical solutions...
May 15, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512707/geochemistry-and-sources-of-fluoride-and-nitrate-contamination-of-groundwater-in-lar-area-south-iran
#15
Mohsen Rezaei, Masume Nikbakht, Ata Shakeri
Groundwater quality in bone-dry and semiarid areas of Iran is decreasing because of contaminants from natural origins and anthropogenic sources. Among many harmful contaminants, nitrate and fluoride ions are more common. This study was carried out with the aim of determining geochemical processes controlling chemistry of groundwater with special reference to nitrate and fluoride enrichment in groundwater in Lar plain aquifer, south of Iran. Groundwater samples were collected from 17 sites and analyzed for main constituents (Na, K, Ca, Mg, Cl, SO4(2-), HCO3(-), F(-), and NO3(-))...
May 16, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512652/comparison-of-simplistic-biofilm-models-for-%C3%A2-evaluating-irrigating-solutions
#16
Maximilian Gänsbauer, Andreas Burkovski, Matthias Karl, Tanja Grobecker-Karl
OBJECTIVE: Many innovations have recently been implemented in the field of endodontics, often based on a variety of in-vitro/ex-vivo test setups. It was the goal of this research to compare different biofilm models for evaluating the effectiveness of rinsing solutions. METHOD AND MATERIALS: Three different models have been applied in this study, including petri dishes with nutrient medium, arrays of human dentin disks, and split bovine root segments. The susceptibility of biofilms formed by Enterococcus faecalis to commonly used endodontic irrigants was tested...
May 16, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512536/effect-of-smear-clear-and-some-other-commonly-used-irrigants-on-dislodgement-resistance-of-mineral-trioxide-aggregate-to-root-dentin
#17
Mona Sadegh, Hasti Sohrabi, Mohamadjavad Kharazifard, Farzaneh Afkhami
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess the push-out bond strength of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) to root canal dentin after irrigation with Smear Clear in comparison with 2.5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), 2% chlorhexidine (CHX) and saline as commonly used root canal irrigants. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The coronal and mid-root areas of maxillary anterior teeth were horizontally sectioned into one-millimeter thick slices. The root canal lumen of dentinal slices was dilated using a diamond bur with 1...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512487/comparative-antimicrobial-efficacy-of-eucalyptus-galbie-and-myrtus-communis-l-extracts-chlorhexidine-and-sodium-hypochlorite-against-enterococcus-faecalis
#18
Mahdieh Nourzadeh, Arezu Amini, Farzaneh Fakoor, Maryam Raoof, Fariba Sharififar
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial effect of Eucalyptusgalbie and Myrtus communis L. methanolic extracts, chlorhexidine (CHX) and sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) on Enterococcus faecalis (E. faecalis) as the predominant species isolated from infected root canals. METHODS AND MATERIALS: One hundred twenty mandibular premolars were randomly divided into 8 groups: Eucalyptusgalbie (E. galbie) 12.5 mg/mL, Myrtus communis L. (M. communis L...
2017: Iranian Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512483/efficacy-of-different-root-canal-irrigants-on-smear-layer-removal-after-post-space-preparation-a-scanning-electron-microscopy-evaluation
#19
Rahele Mirseifinejad, Mehdi Tabrizizade, Abdolrahim Davari, Fateme Mehravar
INTRODUCTION: Effective durable adhesion between post material and dentine using resin cements is essential for longevity of restoration. The aim of this in vitro study was to compare the effect of different irrigants on smear layer removal after post space preparation. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A total of 75 extracted anterior human teeth were selected. The canals were instrumented by rotary system and then were filled. After preparing the post space, teeth were divided into 5 groups according to irrigants: 17% EDTA; 17% EDTA+2% CHX; 5...
2017: Iranian Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512480/effect-of-intra-canal-calcium-hydroxide-remnants-on-the-push-out-bond-strength-of-two-endodontic-sealers
#20
Sholeh Ghabraei, Behnam Bolhari, Fatemeh Yaghoobnejad, Naghmeh Meraji
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of intra-canal calcium hydroxide (CH) remnants after ultrasonic irrigation and hand file removal on the push out bond strength of AH-26 and EndoSequence Bioceramic sealer (BC Sealer). METHODS AND MATERIALS: A total of 102 single-rooted extracted human teeth were used in this study. After root canal preparation up to 35/0.04 Mtwo rotary file, all the specimens received CH dressing except for 34 specimens in the control group...
2017: Iranian Endodontic Journal
keyword
keyword
33243
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"