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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915174/molecular-and-physiological-responses-of-iranian-perennial-ryegrass-as-affected-by-trinexapac-ethyl-paclobutrazol-and-abscisic-acid-under-drought-stress
#1
Mohammad Hossein Sheikh Mohammadi, Nematollah Etemadi, Mohammad Mehdi Arab, Mostafa Aalifar, Mostafa Arab, Mohammad Pessarakli
Drought stress is the major limiting factor which affects turfgrass management in area with restricted rainfall or irrigation water supply. Trinexapac ethyl (TE), Paclobutrazol (PAC) and Abscisic acid (ABA) are three plant growth regulators (PGRs) that are commonly used on turf species for increasing their tolerance to different environmental stresses such as drought. However, little is known about the impact of PGRs on stress tolerance of Iranian Perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne). The present study was conducted to examine the visual and physiological changes of Iranian Perennial ryegrass in response to foliar application of TE, PAC, and ABA under drought stress conditions...
November 27, 2016: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912136/modeling-the-interannual-variability-of-microbial-quality-metrics-of-irrigation-water-in-a-pennsylvania-stream
#2
Eun-Mi Hong, Daniel Shelton, Yakov A Pachepsky, Won-Ho Nam, Cary Coppock, Richard Muirhead
Knowledge of the microbial quality of irrigation waters is extremely limited. For this reason, the US FDA has promulgated the Produce Rule, mandating the testing of irrigation water sources for many farms. The rule requires the collection and analysis of at least 20 water samples over two to four years to adequately evaluate the quality of water intended for produce irrigation. The objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of interannual weather variability on surface water microbial quality. We used the Soil and Water Assessment Tool model to simulate E...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911455/functional-outcomes-of-infected-hip-arthroplasty-a-comparison-of-different-surgical-treatment-options
#3
Benjamin V Herman, Mark Nyland, Lyndsay Somerville, Steven J MacDonald, Brent A Lanting, James L Howard
BACKGROUND: Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) following total hip arthroplasty (THA) can be treated with irrigation and debridement with head and polyethylene exchange (IDHPE) or 2-stage revision (2SR). Few studies have compared patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) in patients managed with these treatments. METHODS: A retrospective review identified 137 patients who had an infected primary THA between 1986-2013. Control cohorts were matched according to age and Charlton Comorbidity Index (CCI)...
November 28, 2016: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909786/calcific-tendinopathy-of-the-shoulder-with-intraosseous-extension-outcomes-of-ultrasound-guided-percutaneous-irrigation
#4
Michail E Klontzas, Evangelia E Vassalou, Apostolos H Karantanas
OBJECTIVES: Rotator cuff calcific tendinopathy (RCCT) with intraosseous extension is a rare complication of tendinous and peritendinous involvement. The purpose of our study is to evaluate the outcome of ultrasound-guided percutaneous irrigation of calcific tendinopathy (US-PICT) in patients with intraosseous involvement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2011 to June 2014, patients with a clinical and imaging diagnosis of RCCT were prospectively categorised in two groups based on imaging findings: group A (10 patients) with intraosseous RCCT and group B (control group 35 patients) without osseous involvement...
December 1, 2016: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909620/is-normal-saline-the-best-irrigation-fluid-to-be-used-during-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-in-renal-failure-patient-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Bimalesh Purkait, Manoj Kumar, Ankur Bansal, Ashok Kumar Sokhal, Satya Narayan Sankhwar, Kawaljit Singh
OBJECTIVE: Endoscopic procedures like percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) needs continuous irrigation for better vision and to wash away stone fragments and blood clots. Systemic absorption of irrigation fluids may lead to fluid overload and electrolyte disequilibrium. Renal failure patients are more prone to these electrolyte disturbances. We have evaluated the outcomes of normal saline as irrigation solution to be used in renal failure patient in comparison to distilled water. METHODS: Seventy-six patients with renal calculi were enrolled in this study between September, 2014, and December, 2015...
December 2016: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907108/mupirocin-in-the-treatment-of-staphylococcal-infections-in-chronic-rhinosinusitis-a-meta-analysis
#6
Jong Seung Kim, Sam Hyun Kwon
BACKGROUND: Saline irrigation of the nasal cavity is a classic and effective treatment for acute or chronic rhinosinusitis. Topical antibiotics such as mupirocin have been widely used for recalcitrant chronic rhinosinusitis. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of saline irrigation using mupirocin. METHODS: A systematic literature review and meta-analysis of mupirocin saline irrigation were performed using EMBASE, MEDLINE, and Cochrane library through December 2015...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907023/field-trials-reveal-ecotype-specific-responses-to-mycorrhizal-inoculation-in-rice
#7
Abdala Gamby Diedhiou, Fatou Kine Mbaye, Daouda Mbodj, Mathieu Ndigue Faye, Sarah Pignoly, Ibrahima Ndoye, Koffi Djaman, Souleymane Gaye, Aboubacry Kane, Laurent Laplaze, Baboucarr Manneh, Antony Champion
The overuse of agricultural chemicals such as fertilizer and pesticides aimed at increasing crop yield results in environmental damage, particularly in the Sahelian zone where soils are fragile. Crop inoculation with beneficial soil microbes appears as a good alternative for reducing agricultural chemical needs, especially for small farmers. This, however, requires selecting optimal combinations of crop varieties and beneficial microbes tested in field conditions. In this study, we investigated the response of rice plants to inoculation with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and plant growth promoting bacteria (PGPB) under screenhouse and field conditions in two consecutive seasons in Senegal...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906696/medical-therapy-refractory-chronic-rhinosinusitis-and-productivity-costs
#8
Kristine A Smith, Luke Rudmik
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to address the most recent advances in the medical therapy for chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS), define recalcitrant and refractory CRS, and discuss the productivity costs associated with CRS. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies evaluating anti-IL-4 receptor α antibodies and calcium channel blockers have demonstrated promising early results during management of CRS. Recent appropriateness criteria have been developed to assist clinicians with defining which patients have 'refractory' CRS and may be considered candidates for endoscopic sinus surgery...
November 30, 2016: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905483/irrigation-water-productivity-is-more-influenced-by-agronomic-practice-factors-than-by-climatic-factors-in-hexi-corridor-northwest-china
#9
Xiaolin Li, Xiaotao Zhang, Jun Niu, Ling Tong, Shaozhong Kang, Taisheng Du, Sien Li, Risheng Ding
Quantifying the influence of driving factors on irrigation water productivity (IWP) is vital for efficient agricultural water use. This study analyzed contributions of agronomic practice and climatic factors to the changes of IWP, based on the data from 1981 to 2012 in Hexi Corridor, Northwest China. Cobb-Douglas production functions were developed by the partial least squares method and contribution rates of the driving factors were calculated. Results showed that IWP and its driving factors increased during the study period, with different changing patterns...
December 1, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905190/the-diagnostic-accuracy-of-non-imaging-screening-protocols-for-vestibular-schwannoma-in-patients-with-asymmetrical-hearing-loss-and-or-unilateral-audiovestibular-dysfunction-a-diagnostic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
M Hentschel, M Scholte, S Steens, H Kunst, M Rovers
BACKGROUND: Currently, all patients presenting with asymmetrical sensorineural hearing loss and/or unilateral audiovestibular dysfunction (i.e. tinnitus, dizziness) undergo MRI, leading to a substantial amount of MRIs with negative findings as the incidence of vestibular schwannoma (VS) in this screening population varies between 1% and 4.7% (i.e. more than 95% of MRIs are negative for VS). OBJECTIVE OF REVIEW: The aim was to assess the diagnostic accuracy of different non-imaging screening protocols that can be used prior to MRI to select patients at high risk of VS...
November 5, 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904839/noncardiac-thoracic-surgery-in-abidjan-from-1977-to-2015
#11
Yves Tanauh, Flavien Kendja, Hervé Yangni-Angate, Blaise Demine, Raphaël Ouédé, Maurice Kouacou
BACKGROUND: To report and analyze noncardiac thoracic operations performed at the Cardiology Institute of Abidjan (Institut de Cardiologie d'Abidjan) from 1977 to 2015. METHODS: This is a retrospective and descriptive study covering 39 years, from 1977 to 2015. This study period was divided into three periods of 13 years each: P1 from 1977 to 1989, P2 from 1990 to 2002 and P3 from 2003 to 2015. Medical records of 2014 operated patients were analyzed: 414 patients for P1, 464 patients for P2, 1,136 patients for P3...
October 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904087/push-out-bond-strength-of-a-new-post-system-after-various-post-space-treatments
#12
Melek Akman, Ayçe Unverdi Eldeniz, Selen Ince, Mehmet Burak Guneser
To assess the effect of post-space treatment with chelating agents on the push-out bond-strength of a glass fiber post-system. Fortyeight human teeth were decoronated. The roots were prepared to size 40 and obturated. The post-spaces were prepared with PeesoReamer drills. The post-spaces were irrigated with (i) NaOCl and EDTA with chlorhexidine (QMix), (ii) NaOCl and EDTA, (iii) NaOCl and Citric acid, (iv) NaOCl and saline as a control group. i-TFC glass fiber posts were then luted with i-TFC bond system. The samples were horizontally sectioned...
2016: Dental Materials Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902953/rectal-free-perforation-after-stapled-hemorrhoidopexy-a-case-report-of-laparoscopic-peritoneal-lavage-and-repair-without-stoma
#13
Seokyong Ryu, Byung-Noe Bae
INTRODUCTION: Stapled hemorrhoidopexy is widely performed for treatment of prolapsed hemorrhoids because of advantages, including shorter hospital stay and less discomfort, compared with conventional hemorrhoidectomy. However, it can have severe adverse effects, such as rectal bleeding, perforation, and sepsis. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report the case of a healthy 28-year-old man who presented to the emergency department with sudden-onset diffuse abdominal pain and hematochezia...
November 21, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902614/associating-pancreaticostomy-and-biliary-irrigation-for-staged-pancreaticoduodenectomy-approach-to-pancreatic-intraductal-papillary-mucinous-neoplasm-with-recurrent-cholangitis-and-severe-jaundice-a-case-report
#14
Chao Dai, Siyuan Lou, Fan Zhou
PATIENT CONCERNS: A 63-year-old man was hospitalized with history of abdominal pain since more than 1 year, and that of fever with chills since 2 weeks. DIAGNOSES: Based on the laboratory investigations and radiologic findings, a preliminary diagnosis of pancreatic intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) with recurrent cholangitis and severe jaundice was made. INTERVENTIONS: An initial attempt at endoscopic and image-guided drainage proved unsuccessful...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901056/rice-volatiles-lure-gravid-malaria-mosquitoes-anopheles-arabiensis
#15
Betelehem Wondwosen, Göran Birgersson, Emiru Seyoum, Habte Tekie, Baldwyn Torto, Ulrike Fillinger, Sharon R Hill, Rickard Ignell
Mosquito oviposition site selection is essential for vector population dynamics and malaria epidemiology. Irrigated rice cultivations provide ideal larval habitats for malaria mosquitoes, which has resulted in increased prevalence of the malaria vector, Anopheles arabiensis, in sub-Saharan Africa. The nature and origin of the cues regulating this behaviour are only now being elucidated. We show that gravid Anopheles arabiensis are attracted and oviposit in response to the odour present in the air surrounding rice...
November 30, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898990/european-paediatric-surgeons-association-survey-on-the-management-of-hirschsprung-disease
#16
Augusto Zani, Simon Eaton, Francesco Morini, Prem Puri, Risto Rintala, Ernest van Heurn, Marija Lukac, Pietro Bagolan, Joachim F Kuebler, Florian Friedmacher, Rene Wijnen, Juan A Tovar, Michael E Hoellwarth, Agostino Pierro
: Aim This study aims to define patterns of Hirschsprung disease (HD) management. Methods An online questionnaire was sent to all European Paediatric Surgeons' Association (EUPSA) members. Results A total of 294 members (61 countries) answered (response rate: 61%). DIAGNOSIS: All respondents perform rectal biopsies (61% rectal suction [RSBs], 39% open full-thickness), 96% contrast enema, and 31% anorectal manometry. At RSB, 17% take the most distal biopsy 1 cm above the dentate line, 34% take 2 cm, 30% take 3 cm, and 19% take > 3 cm...
November 29, 2016: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898180/apical-negative-pressure-irrigation-versus-syringe-irrigation-a-systematic-review-of-cleaning-and-disinfection-of-the-root-canal-system
#17
REVIEW
E Konstantinidi, Z Psimma, L E Chávez de Paz, C Boutsioukis
The aim of this study was to systematically review and critically analyse the published data on the treatment outcome (primary outcome) and on the cleaning and disinfection of root canals (secondary outcomes) achieved by negative pressure irrigation as compared to syringe irrigation. An electronic search was conducted in EMBASE, LILACS, Pubmed, SciELO, Scopus, and Web of Knowledge using both free-text keywords and controlled vocabulary. Additional studies were sought through hand-searching of endodontic journals and of the relevant chapters of endodontic textbooks...
November 28, 2016: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896582/effect-of-irrigation-on-soil-health-a-case-study-of-the-ikere-irrigation-project-in-oyo-state-southwest-nigeria
#18
M A Adejumobi, G O Awe, T P Abegunrin, O M Oyetunji, T S Kareem
Irrigated agriculture is one of the significant contributors to the food security of the millennium development goals (MDGs); however, the modification of soil matrix by irrigation could alter the overall soil health due to changes in soil properties and processes. The objective of the study was to evaluate the effect of irrigation on soil quality status of the Ikere center pivot irrigation project site in Oyo State, southwest Nigeria. Disturbed soil samples were collected from 0 to 30, 30 to 60, and 60 to 90-cm layers from four different sites in three replicates, within the project location for the determination of soil bio-chemical properties...
December 2016: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895648/grape-ripening-is-regulated-by-deficit-irrigation-elevated-temperatures-according-to-cluster-position-in-the-canopy
#19
Olfa Zarrouk, Cecilia Brunetti, Ricardo Egipto, Carla Pinheiro, Tânia Genebra, Antonella Gori, Carlos M Lopes, Massimiliano Tattini, M Manuela Chaves
The impact of water deficit on berry quality has been extensively investigated during the last decades. Nonetheless, there is a scarcity of knowledge on the performance of varieties exposed to a combination of high temperatures/water stress during the growing season and under vineyard conditions. The objective of this research was to investigate the effects of two irrigation regimes, sustained deficit irrigation (SDI, 30% ETc) and regulated deficit irrigation (RDI, 15% ETc) and of two cluster positions within the canopy (east- and west-exposed sides) on berry ripening in red Aragonez (Tempranillo) grapevines...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894805/leaching-behavior-of-veterinary-antibiotics-in-animal-manure-applied-soils
#20
Min Pan, L M Chu
Agricultural fields worldwide are being contaminated by the escalating application of veterinary antibiotics (VAs) via animal manure and biosolids applied as fertilizers or of wastewater for irrigation, resulting in soil degradation and damage to the health of terrestrial environments. This paper describes a series of column studies investigating the leaching behavior of five VAs, tetracycline (TC), sulfamethazine (SMZ), norfloxacin (NOR), erythromycin (ERY) and chloramphenicol (CAP), under different simulated rainfall conditions that could occur in agricultural environments...
November 25, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
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