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Yuan Hui, Yu Li, Yan Jing, Jian-Q Feng, Yin Ding
miR-101 is significantly downregulated in various human cancers, including oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). However, the role of miR-101 in OSCC has not been elucidated. In this study, miR-101 lowly expressed in OSCC tissues and cell lines compared with that in adjacent normal tissues and human normal oral keratinocyte cells. Bioinformatics analysis predicted that miR-101 could potentially target CX chemokine receptor 7 (CXCR7), a promoter of tumor development, to attenuate OSCC progression. Restoring miR-101 expression in OSCC cells suppressed cell proliferation, invasion, and migration...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
Besma Benredjem, Mélanie Girard, David Rhainds, Geneviève St-Onge, Nikolaus Heveker
Atypical chemokine receptors do not mediate chemotaxis or G-protein signalling, but they recruit arrestin. They also efficiently scavenge their chemokine ligands, thereby contributing to gradient maintenance and termination. ACKR3, also known as CXCR7, binds and degrades the constitutive chemokine CXCL12, which also binds the canonical receptor CXCR4, and CXCL11, which also binds CXCR3. Here we report comprehensive mutational analysis of the ACKR3 interaction with its chemokine ligands, using 30 substitution mutants...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Kamil Kowalski, Aleksandra Kołodziejczyk, Maria Helena Sikorska, Jagoda Płaczkiewicz, Paulina Cichosz, Magdalena Kowalewska, Wladyslawa Streminska, Katarzyna Janczyk-Ilach, Marta Koblowska, Anna Fogtman, Roksana Iwanicka-Nowicka, Maria A Ciemerych, Edyta Brzoska
The skeletal muscle regeneration occurs due to the presence of tissue specific stem cells - satellite cells. These cells, localized between sarcolemma and basal lamina, are bound to muscle fibers and remain quiescent until their activation upon muscle injury. Due to pathological conditions, such as extensive injury or dystrophy, skeletal muscle regeneration is diminished. Among the therapies aiming to ameliorate skeletal muscle diseases are transplantations of the stem cells. In our previous studies we showed that Sdf-1 (stromal derived factor -1) increased migration of stem cells and their fusion with myoblasts in vitro...
October 13, 2016: Cell Adhesion & Migration
De-Min Ma, Dian-Xi Luo, Jie Zhang
BACKGROUND: More recent studies have revealed that chemokine receptor CXCR7 plays an important role in cancer development. However, little is known about the effect of CXCR7 on the process of gastric cancer cell invasion and angiogenesis. The aim of this study is to investigate the expression of CXCR7 in gastric cancer cell lines and to evaluate the role of CXCR7 in the proliferation, invasion, adhesion, and angiogenesis of gastric cancer cells. METHODS: Real-time PCR and Western blotting were used to examine the mRNA and protein levels of CXCR4 and CXCR7 in five gastric cancer cell lines (HGC-27, MGC-803, BGC-823, SGC-7901, and MKN-28)...
October 6, 2016: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
Hongxia Peng, Hu Zhang, Honglei Zhu
Adipose tissue macrophages (ATMs) have been considered to have a pivotal role in the chronic inflammation development during obesity. Although chemokine-chemokine receptor interaction has been studied in ATMs infiltration, most chemokine receptors remain incompletely understood and little is known about their mechanism of actions that lead to ATMs chemotaxis and pathogenesis of insulin resistance during obesity. In this study, we reported that CXCR7 expression is upregulated in adipose tissue, and specifically in ATMs during obesity...
October 28, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
P F Yu, Y Huang, C L Xu, L Y Lin, Y Y Han, W H Sun, G H Hu, A B Rabson, Y Wang, Y F Shi
Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are one of major components of the tumour microenvironment. Recent studies have shown that MSC tumour residence and their close interactions with inflammatory factors are important factors that affect tumour progression. Among tumour-associated inflammatory factors, transforming growth factor β (TGFβ) is regarded as a key determinant of malignancy. By employing a lung metastasis model of a murine breast cancer, we show here that the prometastatic effect of MSCs was dependent on their response to TGFβ...
September 26, 2016: Oncogene
Laura Asnaghi, Arushi Tripathy, Qian Yang, Harpreet Kaur, Allison Hanaford, Wayne Yu, Charles G Eberhart
Retinoblastoma is the most common intraocular malignancy of childhood. Notch plays a key role in retinal cells from which retinoblastomas arise, and we therefore studied the role of Notch signaling in promoting retinoblastoma proliferation. Moderate or strong nuclear expression of Hes1 was found in 10 of 11 human retinoblastoma samples analyzed immunohistochemically, supporting a role for Notch in retinoblastoma growth. Notch pathway components were present in WERI Rb1 and Y79 retinoblastoma lines, with Jag2 and DLL4 more highly expressed than other ligands, and Notch1 and Notch2 more abundant than Notch3...
September 20, 2016: Oncotarget
Kai Wu, Lingling Cui, Yang Yang, Jia Zhao, Dengyan Zhu, Donglei Liu, Chunyang Zhang, Yu Qi, Xiangnan Li, Weihao Li, Song Zhao
This study was aimed to investigate the functional roles of cytokine receptor (CXCR) CXCR2 and CXCR7 in esophageal cancer (EC). Specific small interfering RNAs (siRNA) against CXCR2 and CXCR7 were transfected into EC cell lines TE-1, EC9706, and EC109 cells. Expression of CXCR2 and CXCR7 was validated, along with cell viability, chemotaxis, apoptosis rate, and ERK1/2 pathways associated protein after transfection. Moreover, EC9706 cells treated with or without CXCR2/7 siRNA were injected into athymic nude mice...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
Zheng Cao, Xinzhu Tong, Wenhao Xia, Long Chen, Xiaoyu Zhang, Bingbo Yu, Zhen Yang, Jun Tao
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is characterized by insufficient vasculogenic response to ischemia, which is typically accompanied by dysfunction of endothelial outgrowth cells (EOCs). CXC chemokine receptor 7 (CXCR7) is a key modulator of the neovascularization of EOCs to perfusion defect area. However, the mechanism underlying the role of EOCs in CAD-related abnormal vasculogenesis is still not clear. Here, we investigated the alteration of EOCs-related vasculogenic capacity in patients with CAD and its potential mechanism...
2016: PloS One
Dominik Rath, Elke Schaeffeler, Stefan Winter, Jens Hewer, Karin Müller, Michal Droppa, Fabian Stimpfle, Meinrad Gawaz, Matthias Schwab, Tobias Geisler
BACKGROUND: SDF1 and its cognate receptors CXCR4 and CXCR7 are involved in myocardial repair and are associated with outcome in cardiovascular patients. Hence, we aimed to investigate clinically significant SDF1 SNPs for their prognostic impact in patients with cardiovascular disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: Genotyping for selected SDF1 variants (rs1065297, rs2839693, rs1801157, rs266087, rs266085 and rs266089 was performed in patients (n = 872) who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention...
2016: PloS One
Federica Barbieri, Adriana Bajetto, Stefano Thellung, Roberto Würth, Tullio Florio
Chemokines control homing and trafficking of leukocytes in bone marrow and lymphoid organs. In particular, CXCL12 and its receptors CXCR4/CXCR7 control the homeostasis of multiple organs and systems. Their overexpression is linked to tumor development, both through a direct modulation of neoplastic cell proliferation, survival, and migration, and, indirectly, acting on the tumor microenvironment which sustains drug resistant tumor stem-like cells. Leukemia and lymphomas frequently display upregulation of CXCL12/CXCR4 in bone marrow that nurtures tumor cells, and confers resistance to conventional chemotherapy, increasing disease relapse...
November 2016: Expert Opinion on Drug Discovery
Y Wang, P Xu, L Qiu, M Zhang, Y Huang, J C Zheng
Cell cycle regulation of neural progenitor cells (NPCs) is an essential process for neurogenesis, neural development, and repair after brain trauma. Stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1, CXCL12) with its receptors CXCR4 and CXCR7 are well known in regulating the proliferation and survival of NPCs. The effects of CXCL12 on NPCs cell cycle and its associated signaling pathways remain unclear. The cell cycle regulation protein, Cyclin D1, a downstream target of β-catenin, is critical for cell cycle control and may play an important role in NPCs proliferation...
August 29, 2016: Current Molecular Medicine
Yuhui Chen, Fei Teng, Geying Wang, Zhiyu Nie
Angiogenesis is essential for tumor growth, especially in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The hypervascularity is associated with poor prognosis and highly invasive HCC. The C‑X‑C chemokine receptor type 7 (CXCR7) has been implied overexpressed in many tumor types. Our study aimed to investigate the CXCR7 function in HCC. The tube formation, Transwell migration assay of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and chicken chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) assay were used. We confirmed that CXCR7 induces angiogenic capacity...
October 2016: Oncology Reports
Dae Seong Kim, Young Jong Ko, Myoung Woo Lee, Hyun Jin Park, Yoo Jin Park, Dong-Ik Kim, Ki Woong Sung, Hong Hoe Koo, Keon Hee Yoo
Culture of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) under ambient conditions does not replicate the low oxygen environment of normal physiological or pathological states and can result in cellular impairment during culture. To overcome these limitations, we explored the effect of hypoxia (1 % O2) on the biological characteristics of MSCs over the course of different culture periods. The following biological characteristics were examined in human bone marrow-derived MSCs cultured under hypoxia for 8 weeks: proliferation rate, morphology, cell size, senescence, immunophenotypic characteristics, and the expression levels of stemness-associated factors and cytokine and chemokine genes...
November 2016: Cell Stress & Chaperones
Jun-Chao Guo, Jian Li, Li Zhou, Jian-Yu Yang, Zhi-Gang Zhang, Zhi-Yong Liang, Wei-Xun Zhou, Lei You, Tai-Ping Zhang, Yu-Pei Zhao
Chemokine (C-X-C motif) receptor 7 (CXCR7) and its ligand, chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 12 (CXCL12), were established to be involved in biological behaviors and associated with prognosis in many cancers. However, effects, underlying mechanisms of CXCL12-CXCR7 axis in invasive phenotype of pancreatic cancer (PC) and its clinicopathologic significances have not been comprehensively explored. In the present study, it was first found by tissue microarray-based immunohistochemistry that CXCL12 and CXCR7 staining scores were significantly associated with vessel invasion and overall survival in two independent cohorts of PC...
August 17, 2016: Oncotarget
Wenjun Li, Qilong Ding, Youxiang Ding, Lu Lu, Xiaoping Wang, Yi Zhang, Xiaobo Zhang, Qinglong Guo, Li Zhao
Imatinib (IM), a tyrosine-kinase inhibitor, is used in treatment of multiple cancers, most notably Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph(+) ) chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). However, the majority of patients continue to present with minimal residual disease occurred in the bone marrow (BM) microenvironment. One of the key factors that contribute to leukemia cell drug resistance is chemokine CXCL12. In the current study, co-culturing CML cell K562 and KU812 with BM stromal cell M2-10B4 attenuated IM-induced apoptosis...
August 17, 2016: Molecular Carcinogenesis
Pei-Rung Wu, Kathleen K A Cho, Daniel Vogt, Vikaas S Sohal, John L R Rubenstein
Prenatally, the cytokine CXCL12 regulates cortical interneuron migration, whereas its postnatal functions are poorly understood. Here, we report that CXCL12 is expressed postnatally in layer V pyramidal neurons and localizes on their cell bodies in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), while its receptors CXCR4/CXCR7 localize to the axon terminals of parvalbumin (PV) interneurons. Conditionally eliminating CXCL12 in neonatal layer V pyramidal neurons led to decreased axon targeting and reduced inhibitory perisomatic synapses from PV(+) basket interneurons onto layer V pyramidal neurons...
August 6, 2016: Cerebral Cortex
Ashley C Mays, Xin Feng, James D Browne, Christopher A Sullivan
AIM: To characterize the chemokine pattern in metastatic salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma (SACC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to compare chemokine and chemokine receptor gene expression in two SACC cell lines: SACC-83 and SACC-LM (lung metastasis). Chemokines and receptor genes were then screened and their expression pattern characterized in human tissue samples of non-recurrent SACC and recurrent SACC with perineural invasion...
August 2016: Anticancer Research
Xin Tang, Xiang Li, Zitao Li, Yunshuang Liu, Lihong Yao, Shuang Song, Hongyan Yang, Caijuan Li
Breast cancer stem cells (bCSCs) are considered an obstacle in breast cancer therapy because they exhibit long-term proliferative potential, phenotypic plasticity and high resistance to the current therapeutics. CXC chemokine receptor type 7 (CXCR7), which provides a growth advantage to breast cancer cells, has recently been demonstrated to play an important role in the maintenance of stem cell-like properties in the CSCs of glioblastoma and lung cancer, yet its role in bCSCs remains elusive. In this study, CD44(+)/CD24(low) bCSC-enriched cells (bCSCs for short) were isolated from MCF-7 cells, and CXCR7 was stably knocked down in bCSCs via lentivirus-mediated transduction with CXCR7 short hairpin RNA (shRNA)...
July 27, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
P F Yu, Y Huang, Y Y Han, L Y Lin, W H Sun, A B Rabson, Y Wang, Y F Shi
Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) tend to infiltrate into tumors and form a major component of the tumor microenvironment. Our previous work demonstrated that tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα)-activated MSCs significantly promoted tumor growth. However, the role of TNFα-treated MSCs in tumor metastasis remains elusive. Employing a lung metastasis model of murine breast cancer, we found that TNFα-activated MSCs strikingly enhanced tumor metastasis compared with normal MSCs. We analyzed the chemokine profiles and found that the expression of CCL5, CCR2 and CXCR2 ligands were enhanced in TNFα-activated MSCs...
July 4, 2016: Oncogene
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