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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667907/direct-peritoneal-resuscitation-reduces-leukocyte-infiltration-in-the-kidney-after-acute-brain-death
#1
Jessica Lee Weaver, Paul J Matheson, Amy Matheson, Victoria S Graham, Cynthia Downard, Richard Neal Garrison, Jason W Smith
Brain death is associated with significant inflammation within the kidneys, which may contribute to reduced graft survival. Direct peritoneal resuscitation (DPR) has been shown to reduce systemic inflammation after brain death. To determine its effects, brain dead rats were resuscitated with normal saline (targeted intravenous fluid, TIVF) to maintain a mean arterial pressure of 80 mmHg and DPR animals also received 30cc of intraperitoneal peritoneal dialysis solution. Rats were euthanized at zero, two, four, and six hours after brain death...
April 18, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667698/chronic-stress-social-isolation-and-perceived-loneliness-in-dementia-caregivers
#2
Mariya Kovaleva, Sydney Spangler, Carolyn Clevenger, Kenneth Hepburn
Caregivers of individuals with dementia are at risk for chronic stress and social isolation. These exogenous factors may lead to perceived stress and perceived loneliness-psychosocial endogenous (subjective) elements of caregiving experience. Chronic stress and perceived loneliness may disrupt neuroendocrine and neuroimmunological regulation, creating low-grade systemic inflammation, promoting proinflammatory gene expression, and expediting cellular aging (endogenous physiological factors). These disturbances may enhance caregivers' risk for chronic conditions of inflammatory pathogenesis...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667580/severe-asthma-phenotypes-classified-by-site-of-airway-involvement-and-remodeling-via-chest-ct-scan
#3
S Kim, K Nam Jin, S H Cho, C Hyun Lee, H R Kang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to establish a system that can classify severe asthma on the basis of airway remodeling patterns visualized by computed tomography (CT) images and to evaluate the clinical characteristics of individual image-based subtypes. METHODS: Chest CT images of severe asthma patients were retrospectively evaluated to classify phenotypes by site of airway involvement and remodeling. The association between radiologic subtypes and clinical characteristics was assessed...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Investigational Allergology & Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667546/seminal-supar-levels-as-marker-of-abacterial-male-accessory-gland-inflammation-in-hypogonadism
#4
Domenico Milardi, Giuseppe Grande, Chiara Autilio, Francesca Mancini, Laura De Marinis, Riccardo Marana, Cecilia Zuppi, Andrea Urbani, Alfredo Pontecorvi, Silvia Baroni
Recent evidences suggest that hypogonadism is an important risk factor for lower urinary tract symptoms and benign prostatic hyperplasia. Several papers have discussed the role of chronic inflammation in the development of BPH, which may be modulated by the hypogonadal state. Soluble urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR), known protein marker of systemic inflammation, can be assayed in the seminal plasma and represents a reliable and sensitive marker of inflammation for the male accessory gland inflammation (MAGI)...
April 18, 2018: Protein and Peptide Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667229/uc-1v150-a-potent-tlr7-agonist-capable-of-activating-macrophages-and-potentiating-mab-mediated-target-cell-deletion
#5
Lekh N Dahal, Adam Gadd, Alexander D Edwards, Mark S Cragg, Stephen A Beers
Toll like receptors (TLR) are critical mediators of the immune system with their activation linked to infection, inflammation and the pathogenesis of immune diseases including autoimmunity and cancer. For this reason, over the last two decades, TLR and their associated signalling pathways have been targeted therapeutically to enhance innate and adaptive immunity. Several TLR ligands, both endogenous and synthetic are at various phases of clinical testing, and new ligands are continually emerging. Agonists of TLR7 are known immune response modifiers, simultaneously stimulating several cell types, resulting in immune cell activation and cytokine and chemokine release...
April 18, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667093/the-predictive-value-of-staging-systems-and-inflammation-scores-for-patients-with-combined-hepatocellular-cholangiocarcinoma-after-surgical-resection-a-retrospective-study
#6
Chaobin He, Yize Mao, Jun Wang, Yunda Song, Xin Huang, Xiaojun Lin, Shengping Li
BACKGROUND: Combined hepatocellular cholangiocarcinoma (cHCC-CC) is a rare form of primary liver tumor. A specific staging system for predicting survival in patients with cHCC-CC is not available. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the ability of staging systems and inflammation-based scores to predict overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) of patients with cHCC-CC after surgical resection. METHODS: The data from 99 patients with cHCC-CC after surgical resection from June 2000 and January 2017 were retrospectively collected...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667038/complex-drug-drug-gene-disease-interactions-involving-cytochromes-p450-systematic-review-of-published-case-reports-and-clinical-perspectives
#7
REVIEW
Flavia Storelli, Caroline Samer, Jean-Luc Reny, Jules Desmeules, Youssef Daali
Drug pharmacokinetics (PK) is influenced by multiple intrinsic and extrinsic factors, among which concomitant medications are responsible for drug-drug interactions (DDIs) that may have a clinical relevance, resulting in adverse drug reactions or reduced efficacy. The addition of intrinsic factors affecting cytochromes P450 (CYPs) activity and/or expression, such as genetic polymorphisms and diseases, may potentiate the impact and clinical relevance of DDIs. In addition, greater variability in drug levels and exposures has been observed when such intrinsic factors are present in addition to concomitant medications perpetrating DDIs...
April 17, 2018: Clinical Pharmacokinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666944/macrophages-play-an-essential-role-in-trauma-induced-sterile-inflammation-and-tissue-repair
#8
REVIEW
Moritz Peiseler, Paul Kubes
Severe trauma is accompanied by a profound activation of the immune system. Patients with polytrauma develop systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and often sepsis, which contributes substantially to high mortality of this condition. On a cellular level, necrosis and loss of plasma membrane integrity lead to the release of endogenous "damage-associated molecular patterns" (DAMPs) as danger signals, which in turn activate innate immune cells. Inflammation that occurs in the absence of invading pathogens has been termed sterile inflammation and trauma with tissue damage represents an acute form of sterile inflammation...
April 17, 2018: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666475/lincrna-cox2-regulates-nlrp3-inflammasome-and-autophagy-mediated-neuroinflammation
#9
Zhenyi Xue, Zimu Zhang, Hongkun Liu, Wen Li, Xiangdong Guo, Zhihui Zhang, Ying Liu, Long Jia, Yan Li, Yinghui Ren, Hongwei Yang, Lijuan Zhang, Qi Zhang, Yurong Da, Junwei Hao, Zhi Yao, Rongxin Zhang
Inflammasome activation plays key roles in host defense, but also contributes to the pathogenesis of auto-inflammatory, and neurodegenerative diseases. As autophagy is connected with both the innate and adaptive immune systems, autophagic dysfunction is also closely related to inflammation, infection, and neurodegeneration. Here we identify that lincRNA-Cox2, previously known as a mediator of both the activation and repression of immune genes expression in innate immune cells, could bind NF-κB p65 and promote its nuclear translocation and transcription, modulating the expression of inflammasome sensor NLRP3 and adaptor ASC...
April 17, 2018: Cell Death and Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666390/distribution-and-clinical-associations-of-integrating-conjugative-elements-and-cag-pathogenicity-islands-of-helicobacter-pylori-in-indonesia
#10
Langgeng Agung Waskito, Muhammad Miftahussurur, Maria Inge Lusida, Ari Fahrial Syam, Rumiko Suzuki, Phawinee Subsomwong, Tomohisa Uchida, Muhammad Hamdan, Nasronudin, Yoshio Yamaoka
The clinical associations and correlations with other virulence factors such as cag pathogenicity island (PAI) of the Integrating Conjugative Elements Helicobacter pylori TFSS (ICEHptfs), a new type IV secretion system (TFSS) in H. pylori has not been described. Among 103 studied strains from Indonesia, almost all strains (99.0%) contained cag PAI with more than half (55.8%) were intact cag PAI. Patients infected with intact cag PAI strains showed significantly higher antral activity, inflammation and atrophy as well as corporal inflammation than those with non-intact cag PAI strains, confirming the virulence of cag PAI...
April 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666121/clinical-features-and-visual-outcomes-of-111-patients-with-new-onset-acute-vogt-koyanagi-harada-disease-treated-with-pulse-intravenous-corticosteroids
#11
Makiko Nakayama, Hiroshi Keino, Takayo Watanabe, Annabelle A Okada
PURPOSE: To describe the clinical features, treatment and visual outcomes of Japanese patients with new-onset acute Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease. METHODS: Clinical records of 111 patients who presented between 1999 and 2015 to the Ocular Inflammation Service of the Kyorin Eye Center, Tokyo, were reviewed. RESULTS: Of the 111 patients (68 women, 43 men), 16 had complete, 90 had incomplete and 5 had probable VKH disease. The median follow-up period was 36 months (4-175 months)...
April 17, 2018: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666023/the-influence-of-lens-care-systems-on-eyelid-tissue-changes-during-silicone-hydrogel-contact-lens-wear
#12
Michel Guillon, Cécile Maissa, Stéphanie Wong, Trisha Patel, Renée Garofalo
PURPOSE: To compare the effects of a hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 )-based lens care solution and a polyhexamethylene biguanide (PHMB) multi-purpose solution on the eyelids when used with silicone hydrogel (SiHy) contact lenses. METHODS: A total of 74 symptomatic wearers of ACUVUE® OASYS® (senofilcon A; n = 39) or PureVision® (balafilcon A; n = 35) contact lenses were randomised 1:1 to either CLEAR CARE® Cleaning & Disinfecting Solution or renu® fresh™ multi-purpose solution (n = 37 each)...
April 14, 2018: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665864/recurrent-pregnancy-loss-is-associated-to-leaky-gut-a-novel-pathogenic-model-of-endometrium-inflammation
#13
C Tersigni, S D'Ippolito, F Di Nicuolo, R Marana, V Valenza, V Masciullo, F Scaldaferri, F Malatacca, C de Waure, A Gasbarrini, G Scambia, N Di Simone
BACKGROUND: Recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) occurs in 3-5% in about 30% of cases no cause can be found. Women with RPL show higher prevalence of undiagnosed gut disorders. Furthermore, in endometrial tissues of RPL women, higher expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and Nalp-3 inflammasome has been observed. Aim of this study was to investigate whether an abnormal gut permeability might occur in RPL women and allow passage into systemic circulation of pro-inflammatory molecules able to induce endometrial inflammation...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665827/effect-of-selected-gastrointestinal-parasites-and-viral-agents-on-fecal-s100a12-concentrations-in-puppies-as-a-potential-comparative-model
#14
Romy M Heilmann, Aurélien Grellet, Niels Grützner, Shannon M Cranford, Jan S Suchodolski, Sylvie Chastant-Maillard, Jörg M Steiner
BACKGROUND: Previous data suggest that fecal S100A12 has clinical utility as a biomarker of chronic gastrointestinal inflammation (idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease) in both people and dogs, but the effect of gastrointestinal pathogens on fecal S100A12 concentrations is largely unknown. The role of S100A12 in parasite and viral infections is also difficult to study in traditional animal models due to the lack of S100A12 expression in rodents. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate fecal S100A12 concentrations in a cohort of puppies with intestinal parasites (Cystoisospora spp...
April 17, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665322/tumour-cell-expression-of-interleukin-6-receptor-%C3%AE-is-associated-with-response-rates-in-patients-treated-with-sunitinib-for-metastatic-clear-cell-renal-cell-carcinoma
#15
Martin Pilskog, Leif Bostad, Reidunn J Edelmann, Lars A Akslen, Christian Beisland, Oddbjørn Straume
Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is the most common type of renal cell carcinoma, and anti-angiogenic treatment is currently first line therapy for metastatic ccRCC (mccRCC). Response rates and duration of response show considerable variation, and adverse events have a major influence on patient quality of life. The need for predictive biomarkers to select responders to receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors upfront is urgent. We investigated the predictive value of immunohistochemical biomarkers associated with angiogenesis and systemic inflammation in mccRCC...
April 2018: Journal of Pathology. Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665135/hepatocellular-carcinoma-is-associated-with-gut-microbiota-profile-and-inflammation-in-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#16
Francesca Romana Ponziani, Sherrie Bhoori, Chiara Castelli, Lorenza Putignani, Licia Rivoltini, Federica Del Chierico, Maurizio Sanguinetti, Daniele Morelli, Francesco Paroni Sterbini, Valentina Petito, Sofia Reddel, Riccardo Calvani, Chiara Camisaschi, Anna Picca, Alessandra Tuccitto, Antonio Gasbarrini, Maurizio Pompili, Vincenzo Mazzaferro
The gut-liver axis plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), which is the third cause of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) worldwide. However, the link between gut microbiota and hepatocarcinogenesis remains to be clarified. The aim of this study is to explore what features of the gut microbiota are associated with HCC in cirrhotic patients with NAFLD. A consecutive series of patients with NAFLD-related cirrhosis and HCC (group 1: 21 patients), NAFLD-related cirrhosis without HCC (group 2: 20 patients) and healthy controls (group 3: 20 patients) was studied for gut microbiota profile, intestinal permeability, inflammatory status and circulating mononuclear cells...
April 17, 2018: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664458/brainstem-encephalitis-a-diagnostic-dilemma
#17
Sarah A Bin Abdulqader, Hisham M Alkhalidi, Abdulrazag M Ajlan
Brainstem encephalitis (BE) is a rare, severe, and potentially life-threatening inflammation of the central nervous system. Brainstem encephalitis has multiple etiologies, which vary in treatment and outcomes. The current literature is generally focused on the infectious causes of BE, while little is known about the other entities, including cases with inconclusive diagnoses. Additionally, the outcomes of BE are not well documented. We present a case of an 18-year-old male who presented with progressive symptoms of brainstem involvement...
April 2018: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663997/-predictive-value-of-inflammatory-markers-for-acute-kidney-injury-in-sepsis-patients-analysis-of-753-cases-in-7-years
#18
Xiao Zhou, Jingfeng Liu, Xiaojun Ji, Xiaowei Yang, Meili Duan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate different inflammation markers for predicting the risk of acute kidney injury (AKI) in sepsis patients. METHODS: A retrospective observational study was conducted. The adult patients with sepsis for more than 24 hours admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from March 1st, 2010 to November 1st, 2017 were enrolled. Inflammatory markers such as white blood cell count (WBC), erythrocyte sedimentation rata (ESR), neutrophil and lymphocyte ratio (NLR), C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT), etc...
April 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663892/complement-components-c3-and-c4-and-the-metabolic-syndrome
#19
Melanie Copenhaver, Chack-Yung Yu, Robert P Hoffman
INTRODUCTION: Increased systemic inflammation is engaged likely plays a significant role in the development of adult cardiometabolic diseases such as insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, atherosclerosis, and hypertension. The complement system is part of the innate immune system and plays a key role in in regulation inflammation. Of particular importance is the activation of complement components C3 and C4. C3 is produced primarily by the liver but is also produced in adipocytes, macrophages and endothelial cells, all of which are present in adipose tissue...
April 17, 2018: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663878/role-of-angiogenenic-growth-factors-in-psoriasis-a-review
#20
Tahseena Akhtar, Willayat Yousuf Wani, Mohammad A Kamal, Rajinder Kaur
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory disease, involving autoimmune mechanism wherein immune system, autoantigens and various environmental triggers all interact to create the systemically diseased state. It is a multifactorial skin disease of complex nature characterized by infiltration of multiple immune cells, kerationcyte proliferation, and increased dermal vascularity. Among all factors, vascular alterations present a significant feature of the disease and angiogenesis seems to have an important role in giving rise to psoriasis phenotype...
April 16, 2018: Current Drug Metabolism
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