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bipolar disorder pregnancy

Roshan Chudal, Andre Sourander, Heljä-Marja Surcel, Dan Sucksdorff, Susanna Hinkka-Yli-Salomäki, Alan S Brown
OBJECTIVES: C-reactive protein (CRP) is a well-established general marker of inflammation from both infectious and noninfectious exposures. Previous studies have shown that maternal CRP is associated with an increased risk of autism and schizophrenia. The aim of this study was to examine the association between early to mid-gestational serum CRP levels, prospectively assayed in maternal sera, and the risk of bipolar disorder (BPD). METHODS: This study is derived from the Finnish Prenatal Study of Bipolar Disorder (FIPS-B), based on a nested case-control study design...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Chandni Prakash, Susan Hatters-Friedman, Charmian Moller-Olsen, Abigail North
INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy is a vulnerable period for recurrence of bipolar disorder. Discontinuation of mood stabilisers during pregnancy and the postpartum period can significantly increase the risk of recurrence of bipolar disorder. Lamotrigine is an anti-epileptic drug that has been approved for the maintenance treatment of bipolar disorder. Epilepsy literature has indicated that lamotrigine has a reassuring safety profile in pregnancy but there is little information on its effectiveness and safety in pregnant women with mental disorders...
August 15, 2016: Psychopharmacology Bulletin
Amy McKeever, SueEllen Alderman, Stephanie Luff, Brian DeJesus
Severe and persistent mental illness (SPMI) refers to complex mood disorders that include major depressive disorder with or without psychosis; severe anxiety disorders resistant to treatment; affective psychotic disorders including bipolar affective disorder, schizophrenia, and schizoaffective disorder; and other nonaffective subtypes of schizophrenia. SPMIs affect 1 in 17 people and are among the leading causes of disability and impaired health-related quality of life in the United States. Caring for childbearing women with preexisting SPMI can be challenging for maternal-child health clinicians...
October 2016: Nursing for Women's Health
Clare Dolman, Ian R Jones, Louise M Howard
BACKGROUND: Women with bipolar disorder are at increased risk of having a severe episode of illness associated with childbirth. AIMS: To explore the factors that influence the decision-making of women with bipolar disorder regarding pregnancy and childbirth. METHOD: Qualitative study with a purposive sample of women with bipolar disorder considering pregnancy, or currently or previously pregnant, supplemented by data from an online forum. Data were analysed using thematic analysis...
September 2016: BJPsych Open
Laura Orsolini, Alessandro Valchera, Roberta Vecchiotti, Carmine Tomasetti, Felice Iasevoli, Michele Fornaro, Domenico De Berardis, Giampaolo Perna, Maurizio Pompili, Cesario Bellantuono
Perinatal period may pose a great challenge for the clinical management and treatment of psychiatric disorders in women. In fact, several mental illnesses can arise during pregnancy and/or following childbirth. Suicide has been considered a relatively rare event during the perinatal period. However, in some mental disorders (i.e., postpartum depression, bipolar disorder, postpartum psychosis, etc.) have been reported a higher risk of suicidal ideation, suicide attempt, or suicide. Therefore, a complete screening of mothers' mental health should also take into account thoughts of suicide and thoughts about harming infants as well...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Charlotte S Hogan, Marlene P Freeman
Management of bipolar disorder during pregnancy often involves medications with potential adverse effects, including risks to the mother and fetus. Although some specifics are known, many medications continue to have incompletely characterized reproductive safety profiles. Women with bipolar disorder who are planning pregnancy face challenging decisions about their treatment; careful risk-benefit discussions are necessary. With the goal of further informing these discussions, this article reviews the data currently available regarding medication safety in the management of bipolar disorder during pregnancy, with specific attention to lithium, valproic acid, lamotrigine, carbamazepine, and antipsychotic medications...
September 2016: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
Keely Cheslack-Postava, Serge Cremers, Yuanyuan Bao, Ling Shen, Catherine A Schaefer, Alan S Brown
Prenatal exposure to influenza has previously been associated with increased risk of bipolar disorder (BD), an association that may be mediated by maternal cytokines. The objective of this study was to determine the association between maternal levels of cytokines measured during each trimester of pregnancy and the risk of BD in offspring. We conducted a case-control study nested in the Child Health and Development Study, a birth cohort that enrolled pregnant women in 1959-1966. Potential cases with DSM-IV-TR bipolar I disorder, bipolar II disorder, BD not otherwise specified, and BD with psychotic features were ascertained through electronic medical records, a public agency database, and a mailing to the cohort...
July 29, 2016: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
C Kühner
The peripartum period represents a critical phase for the onset and course of mental disorders. During this phase, mental disorders occur as first onset or, more often, as recurrent or ongoing chronic conditions with onset and further course of illness in- or outside the peripartal period. No clear risk increase exists for the more prevalent mental disorders such as depressive and anxiety disorders during this period, whereas there is an increased risk for bipolar disorder. Peripartal mental disorders may impact fetal and child development through different mechanisms...
September 2016: Der Nervenarzt
S Kittel-Schneider, A Reif
The majority of women suffering from psychiatric disorders in pregnancy and the breast feeding prefer psychotherapy and other nonpharmacological treatment over psychopharmacological treatment although the risk of malformations and postnatal complications in children exposed to psychopharmacological drugs must be regarded as acceptable in moderate to severely ill patients. Data are lacking, but several psychotherapeutic and biological treatments as well as noninvasive brain stimulation procedures have been investigated to treat depressive episodes and anxiety disorders in pregnancy and the breast feeding...
September 2016: Der Nervenarzt
H Pamela Pagano, Lauren B Zapata, Erin N Berry-Bibee, Kavita Nanda, Kathryn M Curtis
BACKGROUND: Women with depressive or bipolar disorders are at an increased risk for unintended pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: To examine the safety of hormonal contraception among women with depressive and bipolar disorders. METHODS: We searched for articles published through January 2016 on the safety of using any hormonal contraceptive method among women with depressive or bipolar disorders, including those who had been diagnosed clinically or scored above threshold levels on a validated screening instrument...
June 27, 2016: Contraception
Laura Mandelli, Daniel Souery, Lucie Bartova, Siegfried Kasper, Stuart Montgomery, Joseph Zohar, Julien Mendlewicz, Alessandro Serretti
OBJECTIVES: There is evidence for a bipolar diathesis in postpartum depression (PPD) and women presenting with a first PPD frequently receive a diagnosis of bipolar type II disorder (BD-II). However formal evidence for an association between BD-II and PPD has not yet been reported. In the present study we tested a potential association between BD-II and PPD. METHODS: Parous women with a diagnosis of bipolar type I disorder (BD-I) (n=93), BD-II (n=36) or major depressive disorder (MDD) (n=444) were considered in the present study...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Ingrid Dravecká
UNLABELLED: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a heterogeneous and complex endocrine disease which among the female population belongs to the most widespread endocrinopathies and it is the most frequent cause of hyperthyroidism, anticoagulation and infertility. Insulin resistance is one of the important diabetology factors impacting hyperglycaemia in a majority of women with PCOS (60-80 %). Clinical expressions of PCOS include reproduction disorders, metabolic characteristics and psychological implications...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
Sarah Tebeka, Yann Le Strat, Caroline Dubertret
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence and determinants for the peripartum depression. METHODS: Data were extracted from the 2 waves of the National Epidemiologic Study of Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC), a representative sample of the US population corresponding to 34,653 participants. All women pregnant during the year before the second assessment were included. Peripartum depression was evaluated according a semi-structured interview at Wave 2. Risk factors covering life from childhood through adulthood, and including sexual abuse, family history of depression and psychiatric disorder lifetime were evaluated at wave 1...
October 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Yoko Iijima, Katharina Behr, Takatoshi Iijima, Barbara Biemans, Josef Bischofberger, Peter Scheiffele
Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are a heterogeneous group of neurodevelopmental disorders characterized by impairments in social interactions and stereotyped behaviors. Valproic acid (VPA) is frequently used to treat epilepsy and bipolar disorders. When taken during pregnancy, VPA increases the risk of the unborn child to develop an ASD. In rodents, in utero VPA exposure can precipitate behavioral phenotypes related to ASD in the offspring. Therefore, such rodent models may allow for identification of synaptic pathophysiology underlying ASD risk...
2016: Scientific Reports
Robert Langan, Andrew J Goodbred
Peripartum depression affects up to one in seven women and is associated with significant maternal and neonatal morbidity if untreated. A history of depression is the strongest risk factor for developing peripartum depression. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends screening pregnant and postpartum women for depression. Both two-step and one-step screening strategies are effective in identifying peripartum depression. Peripartum depression should be distinguished from the baby blues, which is characterized by short duration, mild symptoms, and minimal impact on functioning...
May 15, 2016: American Family Physician
Clare L Taylor, Leontien M van Ravesteyn, Mijke P Lambregtse van denBerg, Robert J Stewart, Louise M Howard
Women with severe mental illness are at increased risk of suicide in the perinatal period, and these suicides are often preceded by self-harm, but little is known about self-harm and its correlates in this population. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of suicidal ideation and self-harm, and its correlates, in women with psychotic disorders and bipolar disorder during pregnancy. Historical cohort study using de-identified secondary mental healthcare records linked with national maternity data. Women pregnant from 2007 to 2011, with ICD-10 diagnoses of schizophrenia and related disorders, bipolar disorder or other affective psychoses were identified...
October 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Nicki Aubuchon-Endsley, Monique Morales, Christina Giudice, Margaret H Bublitz, Barry M Lester, Amy L Salisbury, Laura R Stroud
Maternal weight before and during pregnancy is associated with offspring neurobehaviour in childhood. We investigated maternal weight prior to and during pregnancy in relation to neonatal neurobehaviour. We hypothesized that maternal obesity and excessive gestational weight gain would be associated with poor neonatal attention and affective functioning. Participants (n = 261) were recruited, weighed and interviewed during their third trimester of pregnancy. Pre-pregnancy weight was self-reported and validated for 210 participants, with robust agreement with medical chart review (r = 0...
May 10, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Fahad D Alosaimi, Abdulhadi Alhabbad, Mohammed F Abalhassan, Ebtihaj O Fallata, Nasser M Alzain, Mohammad Zayed Alassiry, Bander Abdullah Haddad
OBJECTIVE: To study the pattern of psychotropic medication use and compare this pattern between inpatient and outpatient psychiatric settings in Saudi Arabia. METHOD: This cross-sectional observational study was conducted between July 2012 and June 2014 on patients seeking psychiatric advice at major hospitals in five main regions of Saudi Arabia. Male (n=651) and female (n=594) patients who signed the informed consent form and were currently or had been previously using psychotropic medications, irrespective of the patient's type of psychiatric diagnosis and duration of the disease, were included...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Jana J Anderson, Sean Hoath, Stanley Zammit, Thomas D Meyer, Jill P Pell, Daniel Mackay, Daniel J Smith
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested a possible link between exposure to influenza in utero and bipolar disorder in adulthood. Using data from a prospective birth cohort, we aimed to test for an association between exposure to gestational influenza and the experience of hypomania assessed in early adulthood. METHODS: We used data on 2957 participants from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC). The two main outcomes of interest were hypomania, assessed using the Hypomania Checklist (HCL-32) at age 22-23, and 'hypomania plus previous psychotic experiences (PE)'...
August 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Masahide Usami
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder with core symptoms that include hyperactivity, impulsiveness, and inattention, and it is the most common psychiatric disorder among children and adolescents. These core symptoms are continuously recognized throughout the day from childhood to adulthood. Furthermore, children with ADHD from childhood to adulthood might also have various comorbid psychiatric disorders. Recently, bipolar disorder and disruptive mood dysregulation disorder, a new clinical issue, have been discussed as comorbid disorders or differential disorders associated with ADHD...
August 2016: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
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