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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172335/facial-palsy-masquerading-as-an-acute-dental-abscess
#1
Arif Razzak, Frances O’Leary, Nabeela Ahmed
Facial nerve palsy has specific symptomology, but varied aetiology. Prompt and thorough assessment is required to ascertain if upper or lower motor neurone damage has occurred. This report discusses a 6-year-old female, presenting in the Emergency Department with unilateral facial weakness. Initially thought to be facial swelling relating to her carious dentition, clinical assessment from the maxillofacial team identified that the patient had a unilateral facial palsy, later diagnosed as Bell’s palsy. Her delayed presentation was due to initial misdiagnoses in primary care...
March 2017: Dental Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154053/acupuncture-and-kinesio-taping-for-the-acute-management-of-bell-s-palsy-a-case-report
#2
Derya Özmen Alptekin
BACKGROUND: Bell's palsy is an idiopathic, acute peripheral palsy of the facial nerve that supplies the muscles of facial expression. Despite an expected 70% full recovery rate, up to 30% of patients are left with potentially disfiguring facial weakness, involuntary movements, or persistent lacrimation. The most frequently used treatment options are corticosteroids and antiviral drugs. However, accompanying clinical conditions, such as uncontrolled diabetes, hypertension, gastrointestinal disturbances, polypharmacy of geriatric patients, and significant sequelae ratios, indicate the need for safe and effective complementary therapies that would enhance the success of the conventional interventions...
December 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053893/unilateral-faciobrachial-weakness-an-unusual-neuromuscular-presentation-of-west-nile-virus-infection
#3
Ahmed M El-Dokla, Rashedul Hasan, Sara T Ali
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 20, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973100/outcomes-of-buccinator-treatment-with-botulinum-toxin-in-facial-synkinesis
#4
Priyesh N Patel, Scott R Owen, Cathey P Norton, Brandon T Emerson, Andrea B Bronaugh, William R Ries, Scott J Stephan
Importance: The buccinator, despite being a prominent midface muscle, has been previously overlooked as a target in the treatment of facial synkinesis with botulinum toxin. Objective: To evaluate outcomes of patients treated with botulinum toxin to the buccinator muscle in the setting of facial synkinesis. Design, Setting, and Participants: Prospective cohort study of patients who underwent treatment for facial synkinesis with botulinum toxin over multiple treatment cycles during a 1-year period was carried out in a tertiary referral center...
September 28, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926356/development-of-bell-s-palsy-after-treatment-with-ipilimumab-and-nivolumab-for-metastatic-melanoma-a-case-report
#5
Julia M Zecchini, Sara Kim, Kendra Yum, Philip Friedlander
Ipilimumab is a human monoclonal antibody that targets cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4), and it is FDA approved for the treatment of unresectable or metastatic melanoma. Immune-related adverse events (irAEs) of gastrointestinal, dermatologic, and endocrine origin are commonly seen, ranging between 18% and 44%, with immune checkpoint inhibitors (anti-CTLA-4 and anti-PD-1/PD-L1). Rare irAEs include neurological, renal, and hematologic toxicities. Bell's palsy is a form of neurological toxicity that presents as an idiopathic paralysis of the muscles on one side of the face...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Immunotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916909/-idiopathic-cranial-nerve-failure
#6
P Urban
Cranial nerve lesions require a thorough diagnostic work-up and known etiologies have to be excluded before the term idiopathic can be considered. The focus of the present review is on idiopathic peripheral facial nerve paralysis (Bell's palsy) for which this terminology has been established. For all other cranial nerve lesions the typical clinical signs, established etiologies and possible diagnostic pitfalls are discussed.
September 15, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751432/severe-hypokalaemia-as-a-cause-of-acute-transient-quadriparesis
#7
Martin Bell Lybecker, Henrik Bjørnsgaard Madsen, Jens Meldgaard Bruun
Hypokalaemic paralysis covers a heterogeneous group of disorders caused either by an enhanced shift of potassium into the cells or following a significant renal or gastrointestinal loss of potassium. We present the case of a 48-year-old Caucasian man with paralysis of both upper and lower extremities. ECG showed sinus rhythm and characteristic changes of hypokalaemia with depression of the ST segment, prolonged QTc interval of 581ms and U waves seen as a small positive deflection at the T wave in the middle precordial leads...
July 27, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705754/progression-of-lyme-disease-to-bell-s-palsy-despite-treatment-with-doxycycline
#8
Luis A Marcos, Zengmin Yan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680345/oxidative-stress-and-antioxidant-status-in-patients-with-bell-s-palsy
#9
Suat Terzi, Engin Dursun, Adnan Yılmaz, Zerrin Özergin Coşkun, Abdulkadir Özgür, Metin Çeliker, Münir Demirci
BACKGROUND: Bell's palsy (BP) is the most common acute mononeuropathy of unilateral facial paralysis. Immune, infective and ischaemic mechanisms are potential contributors to the development of BP, but the precise cause remains unclear. Recently, oxidative stress has been proposed as a risk factor of various idiopathic diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the possible role of oxidative stress in patients with BP. METHODS: Thirty-two patients with BP and 30 healthy controls were included in this study...
January 2017: Journal of Medical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658922/lip-and-lower-lid-supporting-prosthetic-appliance-a-unique-approach-of-treating-unilateral-facial-paralysis
#10
Chetan Pathak, Salil Pawah, Arpit Sikri, Pushpanjali Rexwal, Prachi Aggarwal
Along with function, aesthetics plays an important role in treating partially or completely edentulous patients. Ageing, trauma, tooth loss and neuromuscular disorders have a high impact on tonicity of facial musculature, elasticity of skin as well as function of muscles. Patients affected with Bell's palsy face functional, aesthetic as well as psychological impairment. Common problems are the partial closure of upper eyelid, sagging of lower eyelid and drooping of angle of mouth leading to facial asymmetry, along with difficulty in eating, drinking and speaking...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631535/high-resolution-magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-exposing-facial-nerve-zonal-vulnerability-to-microbleeds-a-rare-cause-of-facial-palsy
#11
Charlie Chia-Tsong Hsu, Dalveer Singh, Trevor William Watkins, Gigi Nga Chi Kwan, Sachintha Hapugoda
Background We report a case of hypertensive microbleeds strategically located at the attached segment (AS) and root entry zone (REZ) at the left facial nerve causing facial paralysis. Case Report A 60-year-old woman presented with sudden onset left facial paralysis. Medical history was significant for poorly controlled hypertension secondary to bilateral adrenal hyperplasia (primary hyperaldosteronism). The patient was initially treated for presumptive Bell's palsy. Subsequent magnetic resonance imaging of the brain and internal auditory canal showed two microbleeds at the left cerebellopontine angle...
August 2017: Neuroradiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539869/correct-the-smile-of-a-child-by-neuromuscular-facilitation-technique-an-interesting-case-report
#12
Vencita Priyanka Aranha, Asir John Samuel, Kanimozhi Narkeesh
Bell's palsy (BP) in children is a rare case with no documented evidence regarding its rehabilitation management. Till date, individuals with BP are being treated with electrical stimulation are proportionately greater than other conventional means such as facial exercise and massage. These conventional modes of treatment have proved to have less incidence of synkinesis with more benefits. Here, we report a case of a 7-year-old boy diagnosed clinically to have right idiopathic facial nerve paralysis, who underwent 14 days of facial proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation exercises along with facial therapeutic massage...
April 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337563/role-of-low-level-laser-therapy-added-to-facial-expression-exercises-in-patients-with-idiopathic-facial-bell-s-palsy
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Banu Ordahan, Ali Yavuz Karahan
The aim of the present study was to investigate the efficacy of low-level laser therapy in conjunction with conventional facial exercise treatment on functional outcomes during the early recovery period in patients with facial paralysis. Forty-six patients (mean age 41 ± 9.7 years; 40 women and 6 men) were randomized into two groups. Patients in the first group received low-level laser treatment as well as facial exercise treatment, while patients in the second group participated in facial exercise intervention alone...
May 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246588/intermittent-facial-spasms-as-the-presenting-sign-of-a-recurrent-pleomorphic-adenoma
#14
Rosalie A Machado, Sami P Moubayed, Azita Khorsandi, Juan C Hernandez-Prera, Mark L Urken
The intimate anatomical relationship of the facial nerve to the parotid parenchyma has a significant influence on the presenting signs and symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of parotid neoplasms. However, to our knowledge, hyperactivity of this nerve, presenting as facial spasm, has never been described as the presenting sign or symptom of a parotid malignancy. We report a case of carcinoma arising in a recurrent pleomorphic adenoma of the left parotid gland (i.e., carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma) that presented with hemifacial spasms...
February 10, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193257/bell-s-palsy-in-children-bellpic-protocol-for-a-multicentre-placebo-controlled-randomized-trial
#15
Franz E Babl, Mark T Mackay, Meredith L Borland, David W Herd, Amit Kochar, Jason Hort, Arjun Rao, John A Cheek, Jeremy Furyk, Lisa Barrow, Shane George, Michael Zhang, Kaya Gardiner, Katherine J Lee, Andrew Davidson, Robert Berkowitz, Frank Sullivan, Emily Porrello, Kim Marie Dalziel, Vicki Anderson, Ed Oakley, Sandy Hopper, Fiona Williams, Catherine Wilson, Amanda Williams, Stuart R Dalziel
BACKGROUND: Bell's palsy or acute idiopathic lower motor neurone facial paralysis is characterized by sudden onset paralysis or weakness of the muscles to one side of the face controlled by the facial nerve. While there is high level evidence in adults demonstrating an improvement in the rate of complete recovery of facial nerve function when treated with steroids compared with placebo, similar high level studies on the use of steroids in Bell's palsy in children are not available. The aim of this study is to assess the utility of steroids in Bell's palsy in children in a randomised placebo-controlled trial...
February 13, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168888/cutaneous-sensibility-changes-in-bell-s-palsy-patients
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Carlos Andrés Cárdenas Palacio, Francisco Alejandro Múnera Galarza
Objective Bell's palsy is a cranial nerve VII dysfunction that renders the patient unable to control facial muscles from the affected side. Nevertheless, some patients have reported cutaneous changes in the paretic area. Therefore, cutaneous sensibility changes might be possible additional symptoms within the clinical presentation of this disorder. Accordingly, the aim of this research was to investigate the relationship between cutaneous sensibility and facial paralysis severity in these patients. Study Design Prospective longitudinal cohort study...
May 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161243/facial-nerve-paralysis-associated-with-temporal-bone-masses
#17
Hironobu Nishijima, Kenji Kondo, Ryoji Kagoya, Hitoshi Iwamura, Kazuo Yasuhara, Tatsuya Yamasoba
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical and electrophysiological features of facial nerve paralysis (FNP) due to benign temporal bone masses (TBMs) and elucidate its differences as compared with Bell's palsy. METHODS: FNP assessed by the House-Brackmann (HB) grading system and by electroneurography (ENoG) were compared retrospectively. RESULTS: We reviewed 914 patient records and identified 31 patients with FNP due to benign TBMs. Moderate FNP (HB Grades II-IV) was dominant for facial nerve schwannoma (FNS) (n=15), whereas severe FNP (Grades V and VI) was dominant for cholesteatomas (n=8) and hemangiomas (n=3)...
February 1, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125753/photographic-standards-for-patients-with-facial-palsy-and-recommendations-by-members-of-the-sir-charles-bell-society
#18
REVIEW
Katherine B Santosa, Adel Fattah, Javier Gavilán, Tessa A Hadlock, Alison K Snyder-Warwick
Importance: There is no widely accepted assessment tool or common language used by clinicians caring for patients with facial palsy, making exchange of information challenging. Standardized photography may represent such a language and is imperative for precise exchange of information and comparison of outcomes in this special patient population. Objectives: To review the literature to evaluate the use of facial photography in the management of patients with facial palsy and to examine the use of photography in documenting facial nerve function among members of the Sir Charles Bell Society-a group of medical professionals dedicated to care of patients with facial palsy...
July 1, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115404/concurrent-pityriasis-rosea-and-bell-s-palsy
#19
Vanessa Voss, Adam Mattox, Mary Guo
Pityriasis rosea is a dermatological disease with a well-documented clinical appearance, but less is known about causes and treatment. Bell's palsy is a neurological condition leading to acute idiopathic hemifacial paralysis. Recent studies indicate that human herpesvirus (HHV) 6-7 reactivation may be a contributing factor to both conditions. We report a case of the 2 concurrent diagnoses that supports a common contributing factor and suggests further awareness and research into the role HHV 6-7 may play in the aetiology of both conditions...
January 23, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107855/a-close-look-at-an-integrative-treatment-package-for-bell-s-palsy-in-korea
#20
REVIEW
Seung Min Kathy Lee, Suji Lee, Jun Hyeong Park, Jongbae J Park, Sanghoon Lee
OBJECTIVE: To provide an overview of the integrative treatment package for Bell's palsy provided at Kyung Hee University Korean Medicine Hospital (KHU KMH). SUMMARY: The Facial Palsy Center at KHU KMH has been providing integrative treatment for Bell's palsy patients during the past three decades. Within 72 h of symptom onset, corticosteroids are recommended but complementary treatment including acupuncture and herbal medicine can be used to help suppress inflammation and nerve degeneration...
February 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
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