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bell's paralysis

S K Mueller, H Iro, M Lell, F Seifert, C Bohr, C Scherl, A Agaimy, M Traxdorf
BACKGROUND: Bell´s palsy is the most common cause of facial paralysis worldwide and the most common disorder of the cranial nerves. It is a diagnosis of exclusion, accounting for 60-75% of all acquired peripheral facial nerve palsies. Our case shows the first case of a microcystic adnexal carcinoma-like squamous cell carcinoma as a cause of facial nerve palsy. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient, a 70-year-old Caucasian male, experienced subsequent functional impairment of the trigeminal and the glossopharyngeal nerve about 1½ years after refractory facial nerve palsy...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Robert A Gaudin, Aaron K Remenschneider, Katie Phillips, Christian Knipfer, Ralf Smeets, Max Heiland, Tessa A Hadlock
OBJECTIVES: Herpes labialis viral reactivation has been reported following dental procedures, but the incidence, characteristics and outcomes of delayed peripheral facial nerve palsy following dental work is poorly understood. Herein we describe the unique features of delayed facial paresis following dental procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An institutional retrospective review was performed to identify patients diagnosed with delayed facial nerve palsy within 30 days of dental manipulation...
January 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
S A Choi, H S Shim, J Y Jung, H J Kim, S H Kim, J Y Byun, M S Park, S G Yeo
BACKGROUND: Although many factors have been found to be involved in recovery from Bell's palsy, no study has investigated the association between recovery from Bell's palsy and obesity. This study therefore evaluated the association between recovery from Bell's palsy and body mass index (BMI). METHODS: Subjects were classified into five groups based on BMI (kg/m(2) ). Demographic and clinical characteristics were compared among these groups. Assessed factors included sex, age, time from paralysis to visiting a hospital, the presence of comorbidities such as diabetes mellitus and hypertension, degree of initial facial nerve paralysis by House-Brackmann (H-B) grade and neurophysiological testing, and final recovery rate...
November 25, 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
Hua Zhao, Xin Zhang, Yinda Tang, Shiting Li
OBJECTIVE: To determine the plasma fibrinogen level in patients with Bell palsy and explore the significances of it in Bell palsy. METHODS: One hundred five consecutive patients with facial paralysis were divided into 3 groups: group I (Bell palsy), group II (temporal bone fractures), and group III (facial nerve schwannoma). In addition, 22 volunteers were defined as control group. Two milliliters fasting venous blood from elbow was collected, and was evaluated by CA-7000 Full-Automatic Coagulation Analyzer...
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Pinar Arican, Nihal Olgac Dundar, Pinar Gencpinar, Dilek Cavusoglu
Bell's palsy is the most common cause of acute peripheral facial nerve paralysis, but the optimal dose of corticosteroids in pediatric patients is still unclear. This retrospective study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of low-dose corticosteroid therapy compared with high-dose corticosteroid therapy in children with Bell's palsy. Patients were divided into 2 groups based on the dose of oral prednisolone regimen initiated. The severity of idiopathic facial nerve paralysis was graded according to the House-Brackmann Grading Scale...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Child Neurology
Yousef Shafaiee, Bita Shahbazzadegan
INTRODUCTION: Facial paralysis is a devastating condition with profound functional, aesthetic and psychosocial consequences. Tumors within or outside the skull, Bell's palsy and trauma are the most common causes of facial paralysis in adults. CASE PRESENTATION: Our patient was a 35-year-old man with deep laceration wounds. The patient was taken to the operating room and the nerves were repaired. We observed gradual improvement of muscle performance except branches of the frontal nerve...
May 2016: Trauma Monthly
Myung Woo Kim, Nam Gyu Ryu, Byung Woo Lim, Jin Kim
PURPOSE: For the exposure of the labyrinthine segment of the facial nerve, transmastoid approach is not usually considered due to being situated behind the superior semicircular canal. To obtain a better view and bigger field for manipulation in the peri-geniculate area during facial nerve decompression, retraction of temporal lobe after bony removal of tegmen mastoideum was designed via transmastoid approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen patients with traumatic facial paralysis [House-Brackmann (HB) grade IV-VI], 3 patients with Bell's palsy (HB grade V-VI), and 2 patients with herpes zoster oticus (HB grade V-VI) underwent facial nerve decompression surgery between January 2008 and July 2014...
November 2016: Yonsei Medical Journal
Ujwala R Newadkar, Lalit Chaudhari, Yogita K Khalekar
Facial paralysis is one of the common problem leading to facial deformation. Bell's palsy (BP) is defined as a lower motor neuron palsy of acute onset and idiopathic origin. BP is regarded as a benign common neurological disorder of unknown cause. It has an acute onset and is almost always a mononeuritis. The facial nerve is a mixed cranial nerve with a predominant motor component, which supplies all muscles concerned with unilateral facial expression. Knowledge of its course is vital for anatomic localization and clinical correlation...
July 2016: North American Journal of Medical Sciences
Frank Sullivan, Fergus Daly, Ildiko Gagyor
CLINICAL QUESTION: Compared with oral corticosteroids alone, are oral antiviral drugs associated with improved outcomes when combined with oral corticosteroids in patients presenting within 72 hours of the onset of Bell palsy? BOTTOM LINE: Compared with oral corticosteroids alone, the addition of acyclovir, valacyclovir, or famcyclovir to oral corticosteroids for treatment of Bell palsy was associated with a higher proportion of people who recovered at 3- to 12-month follow-up...
August 23, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Anupam Singh, Chirag Bahuguna, Ritu Nagpal, Barun Kumar
Third nerve paralysis has been known to be associated with a wide spectrum of presentation and other associated factors such as the presence of ptosis, pupillary involvement, amblyopia, aberrant regeneration, poor bell's phenomenon, superior oblique (SO) overaction, and lateral rectus (LR) contracture. Correction of strabismus due to third nerve palsy can be complex as four out of the six extraocular muscles are involved and therefore should be approached differently. Third nerve palsy can be congenital or acquired...
May 2016: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
Vishnu B Madhok, Ildiko Gagyor, Fergus Daly, Dhruvashree Somasundara, Michael Sullivan, Fiona Gammie, Frank Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Inflammation and oedema of the facial nerve are implicated in causing Bell's palsy. Corticosteroids have a potent anti-inflammatory action that should minimise nerve damage. This is an update of a review first published in 2002 and last updated in 2010. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness and safety of corticosteroid therapy in people with Bell's palsy. SEARCH METHODS: On 4 March 2016, we searched the Cochrane Neuromuscular Specialised Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, EMBASE and LILACS...
July 18, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Emilia Rogalska, Barbara Skowronek-Bała, Anna Świerczyńska, Marek Kaciński
BACKGROUND: Peripheral facial nerve palsy (Bell' palsy, BP) is a not rare diseases in children, being the most common acquired mononeuropathy. AIM: The authors of this study wanted to determine whether the occurrence and course of paralysis changed in the past 5 years (2010-2014). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study involved Lesser Poland region, where the majority of children with paralysis are hospitalized at the Pediatric Neurology Department of University Children's Hospital in Krakow...
2016: Przegla̧d Lekarski
Robert A Gaudin, Nathan Jowett, Caroline A Banks, Christopher J Knox, Tessa A Hadlock
BACKGROUND: Bilateral facial palsy is a rare clinical entity caused by myriad disparate conditions requiring different treatment paradigms. Lyme disease, Guillain-Barré syndrome, and leukemia are several examples. In this article, the authors describe the cause, the initial diagnostic approach, and the management of long-term sequelae of bilateral paralysis that has evolved in the authors' center over the past 13 years. METHODS: A chart review was performed to identify all patients diagnosed with bilateral paralysis at the authors' center between January of 2002 and January of 2015...
October 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Yunpeng Bian, Xiaoxuan He, Sheng Hu, Chuanfu Li, Chunsheng Xu, Hongxing Kan, Qiuju Xue, Jun Yang, Bensheng Qiu
Bell's palsy (BP), an acute unilateral facial paralysis, is frequently treated with acupuncture in many countries. However, the mechanism of treatment is not clear so far. In order to explore the potential mechanism, 22 healthy volunteers and 17 BP patients with different clinical duration were recruited. The resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging scans were conducted before and after acupuncture at LI4 (Hegu), respectively. By comparing BP-induced functional connectivity (FC) changes with acupuncture-induced FC changes in the patients, the abnormal increased FC that could be reduced by acupuncture was selected...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Takashi Fujiwara, Seiji Matsuda, Junya Tanaka, Naohito Hato
OBJECTIVE: Bell's palsy is caused by the reactivation of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1). Using Balb/c mice inoculated with the KOS strain of HSV-1, we previously developed an animal disease model that simulated mild Bell's palsy. The current study developed an animal disease model of more severe facial palsy than that seen in the mouse model. METHODS: Three-week-old female Wister rats weighing 60-80g were inoculated on the auricle with HSV-1 and acyclovir was administered intraperitoneally to deactivate the infected HSV-1...
April 16, 2016: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
S Boynuegri, S Ozer, I Peksoy, A Acikalin, E Ü Tuna, E Dursun, A Eryilmaz
OBJECTIVE: Mucociliary transport (MCT) is an important defense mechanism of the respiratory tract. One of the major factors determining MCT is the ciliary activity of the respiratory epithelium. Rhinoscintigraphy is the most commonly used method for the analysis of mucociliary activity. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of facial paralysis on the nasal mucociliary clearance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 38 Bell's palsy patients as the study group and 10 subjects without any history of paranasal sinus disease or facial paralysis as the control group...
May 2016: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Shuo Li, Rui-Jun Guo, Xiao-Ning Liang, Yue Wu, Wen Cao, Zhen-Ping Zhang, Wei Zhao, Hai-Dong Liang
Bell's palsy is a form of temporary facial nerve paralysis that occurs primarily in young adults. Previously, various methods were used to assess outcomes in facial nerve disease. The aim of the present study was to characterize the main branches of the normal and abnormal facial nerve using high-frequency ultrasonography (HFUS). A total of 104 healthy volunteers, 40 patients with acute onset of Bell's palsy and 30 patients who underwent 3-month routine therapy for Bell's palsy disease were included in the study...
January 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Arianna Di Stadio
INTRODUCTION: Several authors in the years propose different methods to evaluate areas and specific movement's disease in patient affected by facial palsy. Despite these efforts the House Brackmann is anyway the most used assessment in medical community. AIM: The aims of our study is the proposition and assessing a new rating Arianna Disease Scale (ADS) for the clinical evaluation of facial paralysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty patients affected by unilateral facial Bell paralysis were enrolled in a prospective study from 2012 to 2014...
December 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Daniel B Simmons, Andrew W Bursaw
A 61-year-old man with recent Bell's palsy developed acute vocal cord paralysis causing severe dysphagia. CSF analysis showed elevated protein and a normal cell count; contrast-enhanced MRI of the brain was normal. He was treated with IVIG for a presumed bulbar-variant AIDP and gradually improved. Six months later, the patient developed rapidly progressive hearing loss and vestibular dysfunction. Repeat MRI revealed bilateral enhancement of the eighth cranial nerves and a hypercellular mass in the left temporal lobe...
2015: Case Reports in Neurological Medicine
Malou Hultcrantz
Conclusions Defectively healed facial paralysis causes difficulties to talk and eat, involuntary spasms (synkinesis), and cosmetic deformities which can give rise both to severe psychological and physical trauma. A team consisting of Ear-Nose-Throat specialists, Plastic surgeons and Physiotherapists can offer better care, treatment and outcome for patients suffering from Bells' palsy. Objectives Patients suffering from Bells' palsy from all ENT hospitals in Sweden and the University Hospital in Helsinki has been included...
2016: Acta Oto-laryngologica
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