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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637223/millions-of-years-behind-slow-adaptation-of-ruminants-to-grasslands
#1
Olja Toljagic, Kjetil L Voje, Michael Matschiner, Lee Hsiang Liow, Thomas F Hansen
The Late-Cretaceous appearance of grasses, followed by the Cenozoic advancement of grasslands as dominant biomes, has contributed to the evolution of a range of specialized herbivores adapted to new diets, as well as to increasingly open and arid habitats. Many mammals including ruminants, the most diversified ungulate suborder, evolved high-crowned (hypsodont) teeth as an adaptation to tooth-wearing diets and habitats. The impact of different causes of tooth wear is still a matter of debate, and the temporal pattern of hypsodonty evolution in relation to the evolution of grasslands remains unclear...
June 20, 2017: Systematic Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637147/musculoskeletal-complaints-in-individuals-with-finger-or-partial-hand-amputations-in-the-netherlands-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Sjoukje E Bouma, Sietke G Postema, Raoul M Bongers, Pieter U Dijkstra, Corry K van der Sluis
PURPOSE: To compare the prevalence of musculoskeletal complaints (MSCs) in individuals with finger or partial hand amputations (FPHAs) with a control group and to explore the effect and predictors of MSCs in individuals with FPHAs. METHOD: A questionnaire-based cross-sectional study was conducted. The primary outcome measures were: prevalence of MSCs, health status, pain-related disability, physical work demands, work productivity, and hand function. RESULTS: The response rate was 61%...
February 24, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637044/depressed-patients-hospitalized-in-southeast-facing-rooms-are-discharged-earlier-than-patients-in-northwest-facing-rooms
#3
Krzysztof Gbyl, Helle Østergaard Madsen, Signe Dunker Svendsen, Paul Michael Petersen, Ida Hageman, Carlo Volf, Klaus Martiny
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Improvement in patients admitted to inpatient wards with severe depression is slow, and such patients are often discharged with residual symptoms which put them at risk for relapse. New treatments that can speed up recovery are highly desired. This naturalistic follow-up study in a specialized affective disorders unit investigated the impact of daylight on the length of hospital stay and improvement of depression. METHODS: For a period of 1 year, we collected data on sociodemographics, length of stay, vitamin D, and depression severity for patients in an inpatient affective disorders unit...
June 22, 2017: Neuropsychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636989/satb1-overexpression-correlates-with-gastrointestinal-neoplasms-invasion-and-metastasis-a-meta-analysis-for-chinese-population
#4
Tao Xiao, Lei Fu, Zhigang Jie
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal neoplasm (GIN) is the most common neoplasm in China. The global chromatin organizer SATB1 (special AT-rich sequence binding protein 1) is aberrantly expressed in multiple human neoplasms. We conducted this meta-analysis to investigate whether the invasion and metastasis of GIN correlates with SATB1 levels in tumor tissues in Chinese patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eligible studies were identified through multiple search strategies in the databases PubMed, Embase, Medline, CNKI, and WANFANG, and the relevant clinicopathological data were extracted...
June 16, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636777/biological-effects-related-to-geomagnetic-activity-and-possible-mechanisms
#5
REVIEW
Viacheslav V Krylov, Margaret Larkin
This review presents contemporary data on the biological effects of geomagnetic activity. Correlations between geomagnetic indices and biological parameters and experimental studies that used simulated geomagnetic storms to detect possible responses of organisms to these events in nature are discussed. Possible mechanisms by which geomagnetic activity influences organisms are also considered. Special attention is paid to the idea that geomagnetic activity is perceived by organisms as a disruption of diurnal geomagnetic variation...
June 21, 2017: Bioelectromagnetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636741/adenoid-cystic-carcinoma-of-the-head-and-neck-area-oncologic-treatment-and-plastic-reconstructive-options
#6
Johannes A Veit, Julia Thierauf, Thomas K Hoffmann, Jens Greve, Nicole Rotter, Patrick J Schuler, Marc O Scheithauer
Adenoid cystic carcinoma of the head and neck area is a rare malignant tumor with acceptable short-term but mediocre long-term prognosis. Radical tumor excision with clear resection margins, and sometimes resection of the facial nerve due to perineural growth, remains the fundamental therapy. We present 3 distinct clinical cases and discuss the current therapeutic options with special focus on plastic-reconstructive techniques. For reconstruction, the full armament of local and free flaps, as well as prosthetics, may be necessary...
June 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636649/factors-associated-with-successful-transition-among-children-with-disabilities-in-eight-european-countries
#7
John Ravenscroft, Kerri Wazny, John M Davis
INTRODUCTION: This research paper aims to assess factors reported by parents associated with the successful transition of children with complex additional support requirements that have undergone a transition between school environments from 8 European Union member states. METHODS: Quantitative data were collected from 306 parents within education systems from 8 EU member states (Bulgaria, Cyprus, Greece, Ireland, the Netherlands, Romania, Spain and the UK). The data were derived from an online questionnaire and consisted of 41 questions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636632/parasitoid-wasp-usurps-its-host-to-guard-its-pupa-against-hyperparasitoids-and-induces-rapid-behavioral-changes-in-the-parasitized-host
#8
Prabitha Mohan, Palatty Allesh Sinu
Some parasites have an ability to fabricate the behavior of their host and impel the host to guard parasites' offspring, which is popularly called as bodyguard manipulation. Psalis pennatula larva parasitized by a braconid parasitoid wasp Microplitis pennatula exhibits some behavioral changes including the guarding of the parasitoid pupa from its natural enemies. We hypothesized that these behavioral change exhibited by the parasitized host larva are induced by the parasitoid and can be considered as an example of bodyguard manipulation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636600/hidden-morphological-diversity-among-early-tetrapods
#9
Jason D Pardo, Matt Szostakiwskyj, Per E Ahlberg, Jason S Anderson
Phylogenetic analysis of early tetrapod evolution has resulted in a consensus across diverse data sets in which the tetrapod stem group is a relatively homogenous collection of medium- to large-sized animals showing a progressive loss of 'fish' characters as they become increasingly terrestrial, whereas the crown group demonstrates marked morphological diversity and disparity. The oldest fossil attributed to the tetrapod crown group is the highly specialized aïstopod Lethiscus stocki, which shows a small size, extreme axial elongation, loss of limbs, spool-shaped vertebral centra, and a skull with reduced centres of ossification, in common with an otherwise disparate group of small animals known as lepospondyls...
June 21, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636519/how-we-eat-may-be-as-important-as-what-we-eat-eating-behaviour-and-heart-rate-variability
#10
Mehmet Emre Ozpelit, Ebru Ozpelit
Objective Diet exerts a crucial role on cardiovascular health. Evidence is mainly based on the content and the amount of dietary intakes. Some recent reports demonstrated that eating behaviour may also be of significant importance in cardiovascular health. In this study we aimed to investigate the effects of eating behaviour on heart rate variability (HRV) in healthy subjects. Methods and results In total, 521 healthy subjects with 24-hour Holter ECG recordings filled out a special questionnaire about their eating behaviour and lifestyles...
March 30, 2017: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636450/impact-of-mycotoxins-on-the-intestine-are-mucus-and-microbiota-new-targets
#11
Hervé Robert, Delphine Payros, Philippe Pinton, Vassilia Théodorou, Muriel Mercier-Bonin, Isabelle P Oswald
There is an increasing awareness of the deleterious effects attributed to mycotoxins during their fate within the gut, particularly for deoxynivalenol (DON), zearalenone (ZEN), ochratoxin A (OTA), fumonisin B1 (FB1), aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), and patulin (PAT). Evidence indicates that disruption of the epithelial barrier is well established. However, intestinal barrier function on its luminal side involves two other partners, mucus and microbiota, which have rarely been considered in the context of mycotoxin exposure...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636442/the-national-ebola-training-and-education-center-preparing-the-united-states-for-ebola-and-other-special-pathogens
#12
Christopher J Kratochvil, Laura Evans, Bruce S Ribner, John J Lowe, Melissa Cole Harvey, Richard C Hunt, Abbigail J Tumpey, Ryan P Fagan, Michelle M Schwedhelm, Sonia Bell, John Maher, Colleen S Kraft, Nicholas V Cagliuso, Sharon Vanairsdale, Angela Vasa, Philip W Smith
The National Ebola Training and Education Center (NETEC) was established in 2015 in response to the 2014-2016 Ebola virus disease outbreak in West Africa. The US Department of Health and Human Services office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention sought to increase the competency of healthcare and public health workers, as well as the capability of healthcare facilities in the United States, to deliver safe, efficient, and effective care to patients infected with Ebola and other special pathogens nationwide...
May 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636436/signal-on-fluorescent-sensor-based-on-n-cqds-for-the-detection-of-glutathione-in-human-serum-and-pharmaceutic-preparation
#13
Chengfei Zhao, Kangying Wang, Qihong Cai, Haijian Tu, Linghong Pan, Liumin Yu
Nitrogen-doped carbon quantum dots (N-CQDs) with citric acid and ethylenediamine as raw materials were synthesized by an efficient one-step strategy. The N-CQDs showed a special property that the fluorescence was quenched by Fe(3+). The quenched fluorescence of N-CQDs could be recovered by glutathione (GSH). Therefore, a "signal-on" fluorescent sensor was developed to detect GSH. The fluorescent sensor could favorably avoid the interference of ascorbic acid, dopamine, glucose, oxidized glutathione and other amino acids in the detecting process of GSH...
June 21, 2017: Preparative Biochemistry & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636260/lichenoid-keratosis-is-frequently-misdiagnosed-as-basal-cell-carcinoma
#14
D Maor, C Ondhia, L L Yu, J J Chan
Lichenoid keratosis (LK), also known as benign lichenoid keratosis or lichen planus-like keratosis, is a solitary, pink to red-brown scaly plaque representing a host immunological response to a variety of precursor lesions. LK is often misdiagnosed as a dermatological malignancy owing to its clinical resemblance to basal cell carcinoma (BCC) or Bowen disease. We performed a retrospective analysis of the pathology records of a series of LK lesions with reference to the demographic features and accuracy of clinical diagnosis...
June 21, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636153/special-section-from-genes-to-bedside-and-back
#15
EDITORIAL
Peter Lichter, Christof von Kalle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636131/state-trait-and-dental-anxiety-in-caregivers-of-individuals-with-disabilities
#16
Roberto Carlos Mourão Pinho, André Cavalcante da Silva Barbosa, Arnaldo de França Caldas-Júnior, Márcia Maria Vendiciano Barbosa Vasconcelos, Renata Cimões, Maria Teresa Botti Rodrigues Dos Santos
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare state anxiety, trait anxiety, and dental anxiety in caregivers of patients with special needs and caregivers of pediatric patients without special needs at dental clinics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A quantitative, cross-sectional study was conducted. Data were collected using a semistructured questionnaire. All respondents were older than 18 years of age. Individuals with cognitive impairment and those taking anxiolytics, antidepressants, or sleep-inducing medication were excluded from the study...
June 21, 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636129/the-52-nd-international-conference-on-medicinal-chemistry-rict-2016-of-the-french-medicinal-chemistry-society-sct-held-in-caen-normandy
#17
EDITORIAL
Janos Sapi, Luc Van Hijfte, Patrick Dallemagne
Outstanding Medchem in France: Guest editors Janos Sapi, Luc Van Hjfte, and Patrick Dallemagne look back at the 52(nd) International Conference on Medicinal Chemistry (RICT 2016) held in Caen, France. They discuss the history of the French Medicinal Chemistry Society (Société de Chimie Thérapeutique, SCT) and provide highlights of last year's events, including some key presentations now collected in this Special Issue.
June 21, 2017: ChemMedChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636028/supramolecular-functional-assemblies-dynamic-membrane-transporters-and-peptide-nanotubular-composites
#18
Alberto Fuertes, Marisa Juanes, Juan R Granja, Javier Montenegro
The fabrication of functional molecular devices constitutes one of the most important current challenges for chemical sciences. The complex processes accomplished by living systems continuously demand the assistance of non-covalent interactions between molecular building blocks. Additionally, these building blocks (proteins, membranes, nucleotides) are also constituted by self-assembled structures. Therefore, supramolecular chemistry is the discipline required to understand the properties of the minimal self-assembled building blocks of living systems and to develop new functional smart materials...
June 21, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635981/patient-perceived-access-to-care-when-actively-seeking-treatment
#19
Zachary Pruitt, Susan Sportsman
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To examine predictors of perceived access to care and reported barriers to care of patients with cancer actively seeking treatment.
. DESIGN: Retrospective secondary data analysis.
. SETTING: U.S. Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, a national survey with questions about healthcare coverage and access.
. SAMPLE: 1,170 adults with cancer actively seeking treatment.
. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of data...
May 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635976/supporting-change-in-oncology-nursing-practice-in-kuwait
#20
Veronica Nickerson, Jennifer Deering, Suha Alazmei
As countries around the world struggle to provide oncology care and treatment to their populations, nurses, as the largest healthcare workforce, are faced with the challenge of obtaining, maintaining, and developing specialized oncology nursing knowledge and expertise. Strategies that can be deployed at a local level to support nurses with integrating new knowledge into practice are important in meeting and overcoming this challenge. This article describes a theory-based model for implementing oncology nursing best practices in the Middle Eastern country of Kuwait...
May 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
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