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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728353/estimation-of-rate-and-number-of-under-reporting-deliberate-self-poisoning-attempts-in-western-iran-2015
#1
Mehdi Moradinazar, Farid Najafi, Mohammad Reza Baneshi, Ali Akbar Haghdoost
Objectives: Rates of Deliberate Self-Poisoning (DSP) attempts are subjected to under-counting, under-reporting, and denying suicide attempts. In this study, therefore, we seek to estimate the rate of under-reported DSPs, which is the most common way of suicide attempts in Iran. Methods: Using truncated count models, we estimated rates and numbers of under-counted DSP attempts in western part of Iran in 2015. By this method, n0, namely the number of people attempted DSP, but not referring to any health care centers, was calculated through data connection...
June 15, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728194/-relevance-of-living-wills-during-post-resuscitation-care
#2
Martin Christ, Katharina Isabel von Auenmüller, Martin Grett, Scharbanu Amirie, Michael Brand, Hans-Joachim Trappe
Background There is hardly any evidence about the influence of living wills on acute life-threatening disease like out-of-hospital cardiac-arrest (OHCA). We therefore initiated this study to quantify the percentage of victims of OHCA who's living wills are available during post-resuscitation care. Methods All victims of OHCA who were admitted to our hospital between January 1(st) 2008 and July 31(th) 2016 were identified by analysis of our central admission register. Data from individual patients were collected from the patient's health records and anonymously stored on a central database...
July 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728114/variation-in-receipt-of-pharmacotherapy-for-alcohol-use-disorders-across-racial-ethnic-groups-a-national-study-in-the-u-s-veterans-health-administration
#3
Emily C Williams, Shalini Gupta, Anna D Rubinsky, Joseph E Glass, Rhonda Jones-Webb, Kara M Bensley, Alex H S Harris
OBJECTIVE: Pharmacologic treatment is recommended for alcohol use disorders (AUD), but most patients do not receive it. Although racial/ethnic minorities have greater AUD consequences than whites, whether AUD medication receipt varies across race/ethnicity is unknown. We evaluate this in a national sample. METHODS: Electronic health records data were extracted for all black, Hispanic, and/or white patients who received care at the U.S. Veterans Health Administration (VA) during Fiscal Year 2012 and had a documented AUD diagnosis...
July 11, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728061/qualifying-information-on-deaths-and-serious-injuries-caused-by-road-traffic-in-five-brazilian-capitals-using-record-linkage
#4
Polyana Maria Pimenta Mandacaru, Ana Lucia Andrade, Marli Souza Rocha, Fernanda Pinheiro Aguiar, Maria Sueli M Nogueira, Anne Marielle Girodo, Ana Amélia Galas Pedrosa, Vera Lídia Alves de Oliveira, Marta Maria Malheiros Alves, Lúcia Maria Miana M Paixão, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Marta Maria Alves Silva, Otaliba Libanio de Morais Neto
INTRODUCTION: Road traffic crashes (RTC) are an important public health problem, accounting for 1.2 million deaths per year worldwide. In Brazil, approximately 40,000 deaths caused by RTC occur every year, with different trends in the Federal Units. However, these figures may be even greater if health databases are linked to police records. In addition, the linkage procedure would make it possible to qualify information from the health and police databases, improving the quality of the data regarding underlying cause of death, cause of injury in hospital records, and injury severity...
July 17, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727996/efficacy-and-safety-of-one-stage-posterior-hemivertebral-resection-for-unbalanced-multiple-hemivertebrae-a-more-than-2-year-follow-up
#5
Yong Huang, Ganjun Feng, Yueming Song, Limin Liu, Chunguang Zhou, Lei Wang, Zhongjie Zhou, Xi Yang
OBJECTIVE: One-stage posterior hemivertebral resection has been proven to be an effective, reliable surgical option for treating congenital scoliosis due to a single hemivertebra. To date, however, no studies of treating unbalanced multiple hemivertebrae have appeared. This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of one-stage posterior hemivertebral resection for unbalanced multiple hemivertebrae. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Altogether, we studied 15 patients with unbalanced multiple hemivertebrae who had undergone hemivertebral resection using the one-stage posterior approach with at least 2 years of follow-up...
July 12, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727715/a-pilot-cross-sectional-study-of-postpartum-wrist-pain-in-an-urban-chinese-population-its-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#6
Regina W S Sit, Wing-Hung Tam, Dicken C C Chan, Benjamin H K Yip, Lucia W Y Tam, Lyan L Y Chow, Vincent C H Chung, Roger Y Chung, Samuel Y S Wong
BACKGROUND: Wrist pain after childbirth is commonly encountered in clinical practice. Little is known about the prevalence of this musculoskeletal disorder which is important to overall maternal health. OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence of and risk factors for de novo wrist pain in women after childbirth. STUDY DESIGN: A pilot cross-sectional survey. SETTING: A telephone interview was conducted 2 months after childbirth among women who delivered at a tertiary hospital in Hong Kong...
July 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727714/3d-morphometric-analysis-of-normal-sacroiliac-joints-a-new-classification-of-surface-shape-variation-and-the-potential-implications-in-pain-syndromes
#7
Mary Kristen Jesse, Christopher Kleck, Adam Williams, Brian Petersen, Deborah Glueck, Kimberly Lind, Vikas Patel
BACKGROUND: Normal sacroiliac (SI) joints vary widely in shape, and it is unclear whether SI joint morphology plays a role in the development of pain. To answer this question, we used 3D-CT surface rendering to image healthy study participants and used the resulting images to develop a classification system for SI joint morphology. In a case-control study comparing health research participants to patients with SI pain, we assessed whether the classification of SI joint morphology was associated with pain...
July 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727708/efficacy-of-short-term-spinal-cord-stimulation-in-acute-subacute-zoster-related-pain-a-retrospective-study
#8
Dao-Song Dong, Xue Yu, Cheng-Fu Wan, Yan Liu, Lin Zhao, Qi Xi, Wen-Yao Cui, Qiu-Shi Wang, Tao Song
BACKGROUND: Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) is a refractory condition that impairs the patient's quality of life (QoL), it develops secondary to herpes zoster infection. Therefore, it's important to prevent the transition of acute/subacute zoster-related pain to PHN. Despite of numerous studies, the optimal intervention that reduces PHN incidence is still unknown. OBJECTIVE: We evaluate the efficacy of short-term spinal cord stimulation (stSCS) in patients with refractory acute/subacute zoster-related pain...
July 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727695/where-to-from-here-posthumous-healthcare-data-digital-e-lectronic-mortality-and-new-zealand-s-healthcare-future
#9
Katie Hoeksema, Richman Wee, Alastair Macdonald, Parry Guilford, Jesse Wall, Jon Cornwall
Ongoing improvements in digital data acquisition and storage has led to the phenomenon of e(lectronic)-mortality, where digital data can now exist for a potentially infinite period. Globally, many countries are facilitating the acquisition and researcher-led access to large-scale, population-based digitised healthcare data sets. Their utilisation has led to numerous positive advances in healthcare. New Zealand's medical record system is becoming increasingly digitised, and as a consequence there will be an ever-increasing resource of posthumous healthcare data stored digitally, including genomic information...
July 21, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727680/quickstats-percentage-of-office-based-primary-care-physicians-accepting-new-patients-by-source-of-payment-accepted-national-electronic-health-records-survey-2015
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 21, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727539/state-and-local-chronic-disease-surveillance-using-electronic-health-record-systems
#11
Michael Klompas, Noelle M Cocoros, John T Menchaca, Diana Erani, Ellen Hafer, Brian Herrick, Mark Josephson, Michael Lee, Michelle D Payne Weiss, Bob Zambarano, Karen R Eberhardt, Jessica Malenfant, Laura Nasuti, Thomas Land
OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility of chronic disease surveillance using distributed analysis of electronic health records and to compare results with Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) state and small-area estimates. METHODS: We queried the electronic health records of 3 independent Massachusetts-based practice groups using a distributed analysis tool called MDPHnet to measure the prevalence of diabetes, asthma, smoking, hypertension, and obesity in adults for the state and 13 cities...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727259/developing-an-aftercare-decision-aid-assessing-health-professionals-and-patients-preferences
#12
Linda Klaassen, Carmen Dirksen, Liesbeth Boersma, Ciska Hoving
Personalising aftercare for curatively treated breast cancer patients is expected to improve patient satisfaction with care. A patient decision aid can support women in making decisions about their aftercare trajectory, but is currently not available. The aim of this study was to assess the needs of patients and health professionals with regard to an aftercare decision aid to systematically develop such a decision aid. Focus groups with patients and individual interviews with health professionals were digitally recorded and coded using the Framework analysis...
July 20, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727118/technical-note-assessment-of-an-alternative-technique-for-measuring-body-temperature-in-pigs
#13
A Petry, W McGilvray, A R Rakhshandeh, A Rakhshandeh
Core body temperature (CBT) is one of the main vital signs that is used to evaluate the health status of pigs. The most common and feasible method for assessing CBT in pigs is rectal temperature (RT). Obtaining RT is stressful for animals, may generate inaccurate results, and has the risk of spreading disease. Infrared imaging (IR) thermography of the body of pigs may be a safer and less stressful alternative to RT. The objective of the current study was to evaluate the efficacy of using IR as an alternative for monitoring CBT in pigs...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727049/association-of-udder-traits-with-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-in-crossbred-bos-indicus-bos-taurus-cows
#14
M W Tolleson, C A Gill, A D Herring, P K Riggs, J E Sawyer, J O Sanders, D G Riley
The size, support, and health of udders limit the productive life of beef cows, especially those with background, because, in general, such cows have a reputation for problems with udders. Genomic association studies of bovine udder traits have been conducted in dairy cattle and recently in Continental European beef breeds but not in cows with background. The objective of this study was to determine associations of SNP and udder support scores, teat length, and teat diameter in half (Nellore), half (Angus) cows...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727022/triennial-growth-and-development-symposium-genetics-and-breeding-for-intramuscular-fat-and-oleic-acid-content-in-pigs
#15
J Estany, R Ros-Freixedes, M Tor, R N Pena
The intramuscular fat (IMF) and oleic acid (OL) content have been favorably related to pork quality and human health. This influences the purchasing behavior of consumers and, therefore, also shifts the attention of breeding companies toward whether these traits are included into the breeding goal of the lines producing for high-valued markets. Because IMF and OL are unfavorably associated with lean content, a key economic trait, the real challenge for the industry is not simply to increase IMF and OL, but rather to come up with the right trade-off between them and lean content...
May 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726979/chronic-disease-registries-trends-and-challenges
#16
Joachim Schüz, Michael Fored
BACKGROUND: This accompanying editorial is an introduction to the focus theme of "chronic disease registries - trends and challenges". METHODS: A call for papers was announced on the website of Methods of Information in Medicine in April 2016 with submission deadline in September 2016. A peer review process was established to select the papers for the focus theme, managed by two guest editors. RESULTS: Three papers were selected to be included in the focus theme...
July 19, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726971/an-environment-for-guideline-based-decision-support-systems-for%C3%A2-outpatients-monitoring
#17
Elisa M Zini, Giordano Lanzola, Paolo Bossi, Silvana Quaglini
OBJECTIVES: We propose an architecture for monitoring outpatients that relies on mobile technologies for acquiring data. The goal is to better control the onset of possible side effects between the scheduled visits at the clinic. METHODS: We analyze the architectural components required to ensure a high level of abstraction from data. Clinical practice guidelines were formalized with Alium, an authoring tool based on the PROforma language, using SNOMED-CT as a terminology standard...
July 19, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726585/student-bedtimes-academic-performance-and-health-in-a-residential-high-school
#18
Maliah J Wernette, Jan Emory
Inadequate sleep among adolescents is considered an epidemic in the United States. Late night bedtimes could be an important factor in academic performance and health with consequences continuing throughout adulthood. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships between late night bedtimes, academic performance (grade point average [GPA]), and utilization of health care (school nurse visits) in a residential high school. The data were collected from archival records for one academic semester. The statistical analysis employed the nonparametric Pearson's correlation coefficient ( r) with the standard level of significance (α = ...
August 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726549/homeless-veterans-experiences-with-substance-use-recovery-and-treatment-through-photo-elicitation
#19
Samuel F Sestito, Keri L Rodriguez, Shaddy K Saba, James W Conley, Michael A Mitchell, Adam J Gordon
BACKGROUND: Homeless Veterans often have addictions and comorbidities that complicate utilization of longitudinal healthcare services, such as primary care. An understanding of experiences of Veterans enrolled in a Homeless Patient Aligned Care Team (H-PACT) may improve addiction treatment engagement in these settings. We aimed to describe H-PACT Veterans' experiences with substance use (SU), substance use recovery (SUR), and substance use treatment (SUT). METHODS: Homeless Veterans were recruited from a Veteran primary care medical home clinic between September 2014 and March 2015...
July 20, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726482/-great-powers-and-great-responsibilities-a-brief-comment-on-a-brief-mobile-app-reduces-nonsuicidal-and-suicidal-self-injury-evidence-from-three-randomized-controlled-trials-franklin-et-al-2016
#20
Emma Nielsen, Olivia J Kirtley, Ellen Townsend
Online and mobile mental health applications (apps) herald exciting new opportunities for the treatment and prevention of self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITBs). With such rapid technological advances, it is paramount that health care innovation not be achieved to the detriment of intervention quality. Franklin et al.'s (2016) therapeutic evaluative conditioning (TEC) app is a novel and timely addition to the mobile health landscape; uncommonly for such apps, it is evidence based. There are, however, several crucial challenges to be surmounted for TEC to be successful; arguably, interventions ought to build lasting skills that can be subsequently and consciously recruited to manage distress beyond the intervention period...
August 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
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