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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528487/role-of-medicines-of-unknown-identity-in-adverse-drug-reaction-related-hospitalizations-in-developing-countries-evidence-from-a-cross-sectional-study-in-a-teaching-hospital-in-the-lao-people-s-democratic-republic
#1
Céline Caillet, Chanvilay Sichanh, Gaëtan Assemat, Myriam Malet-Martino, Agnès Sommet, Haleh Bagheri, Noudy Sengxeu, Niphonh Mongkhonmath, Mayfong Mayxay, Lamphone Syhakhang, Maryse Lapeyre-Mestre, Paul N Newton, Anne Roussin
INTRODUCTION: The health dangers of medicines of unknown identity (MUIs) [loose pharmaceutical units repackaged in individual bags without labelling of their identity] have been suspected in L/MICs. Using visual and analytical tools to identify MUIs, we investigated the frequency of, and factors associated with, adverse drug reaction (ADR)-related hospitalizations in a central hospital in Vientiane Capital, Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR). METHODS: All unplanned admissions, except for acute trauma and intentional overdose, were prospectively recorded during a 7-week period in 2013, leading to include 453 adults hospitalized for ≥24 h...
May 20, 2017: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528421/end-of-life-care-for-glioblastoma-patients-at-a-large-academic-cancer-center
#2
Kamini E Kuchinad, Roy Strowd, Anne Evans, W Anthony Riley, Thomas J Smith
Glioblastoma (GBM) is a universally fatal disease, complicated by significant cognitive and physical disabilities, inherent to the disease course. The purpose of this study was to retrospectively analyze end-of-life care for GBM patients at an academic center and compare utilization of these services to national quality of care guidelines, with the goal of identifying opportunities to improve end-of-life care. Single center retrospective cohort study of GBM patients at Johns Hopkins Hospital (JHH) between 2009 and 2014, using electronic medical records and hospice records...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528337/association-between-chronic-kidney-disease-and-risk-of-cataract-a-nationwide-retrospective-cohort-study
#3
Yin-Tzu Liu, Tzu-Yao Hung, Yi-Kung Lee, Ming-Yuan Huang, Chen-Yang Hsu, Yung-Cheng Su
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have established a relationship between chronic kidney disease (CKD) and cataract, but the relationship between the severity of renal impairment and risk of cataract is uncertain. This study investigates the relationship between the severity of renal disease and cataract in a nationwide sample from Taiwan. METHODS: The cohort from 1-million National Health Insurance beneficiaries from Taiwan was retrospectively analyzed. All adult beneficiaries were followed from January 1, 2005 until December 31, 2013, to identify patients who underwent cataract surgeries...
May 20, 2017: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528207/interventions-to-increase-male-attendance-and-testing-for-sexually-transmitted-infections-at-publicly-funded-family-planning-clinics
#4
David Fine, Lee Warner, Sarah Salomon, David M Johnson
PURPOSE: We assessed the impact of staff, clinic, and community interventions on male and female family planning client visit volume and sexually transmitted infection testing at a multisite community-based health care agency. METHODS: Staff training, clinic environmental changes, in-reach/outreach, and efficiency assessments were implemented in two Family Health Center (San Diego, CA) family planning clinics during 2010-2012; five Family Health Center family planning programs were identified as comparison clinics...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528131/no-increase-in-the-incidence-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-a-population-based-annual-temporal-trends-epidemiology-study
#5
Kianoush Kashani, Min Shao, Guangxi Li, Amy W Williams, Andrew D Rule, Walter K Kremers, Michael Malinchoc, Ognjen Gajic, John C Lieske
Recent literature suggests an increase in the incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI). We evaluated population-based trends of AKI over the course of nine years, using a validated electronic health record tool to detect AKI. All adult residents (18 years of age and older) of Olmsted County, Minnesota (MN), admitted to the Mayo Clinic Hospital between 2006 and 2014 were included. The incidence rate of AKI was calculated and temporal trends in the annual AKI incident rates assessed. During the nine-year study period, 10,283, and 41,847 patients were admitted to the intensive care unit or general ward, with 1,740 and 2,811 developing AKI, respectively...
May 18, 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528130/increased-body-mass-index-is-a-risk-factor-for-end-stage-renal-disease-in-the-chinese-singapore-population
#6
Quan-Lan Jasmine Lew, Tazeen Hasan Jafar, Mohammad Talaei, Aizhen Jin, Khuan Yew Chow, Jian-Min Yuan, Woon-Puay Koh
The relationship between body mass index (BMI) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is confounded by co-morbidities associated with both conditions. Furthermore, the association at low range BMI is controversial. We studied this association in the Singapore Chinese Health Study, a population-based prospective cohort that recruited Singaporean Chinese men and women 45-74 years of age from 1993 to 1998. Self-reported weight, height, lifestyle factors, usual diet, and medical history were collected via an interviewer-administered questionnaire...
May 18, 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528075/adopting-the-new-world-health-organization-diagnostic-criteria-for-gestational-diabetes-how-the-prevalence-changes-in-a-high-risk-region-in-australia
#7
Vincent W Wong, Andrew Lin, Hamish Russell
AIMS: In this study, we assessed changes in prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in a region with diverse cultural backgrounds in Australia under the new World Health Organization (WHO) diagnostic criteria, with reference to the woman's ethnicity, age and pre-pregnant body mass index (BMI). METHODS: We recorded results of all 75-gram oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTTs) performed on pregnant women between February and December 2015 together with their demographic details, and determined the prevalence of GDM based on the old Australian Diabetes in Pregnancy Society (ADIPS) and the new WHO criteria respectively...
April 25, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527959/systemic-treatment-patterns-with-advanced-or-recurrent-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-in-japan-a-retrospective-hospital-administrative-database-study
#8
Feng Wang, Sari Mishina, Shinji Takai, T Kim Le, Kenya Ochi, Kotaro Funato, Shozo Matsuoka, Yuichiro Ohe
PURPOSE: Data on the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in real-world clinical practice in Japan are limited. This large-scale, retrospective cohort study examined data on patients' characteristics and systemic therapies for advanced or recurrent NSCLC in routine practice in Japan. METHODS: This study used an electronic health records-based database of health claims and Diagnosis Procedure Combination data from 215 consenting hospitals in Japan. Records from April 2008 to September 2015 were analyzed...
May 18, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527657/clinical-outcomes-and-cost-effectiveness-of-brief-guided-parent-delivered-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-and-solution-focused-brief-therapy-for-treatment-of-childhood-anxiety-disorders-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Cathy Creswell, Mara Violato, Hannah Fairbanks, Elizabeth White, Monika Parkinson, Gemma Abitabile, Alessandro Leidi, Peter J Cooper
BACKGROUND: Half of all lifetime anxiety disorders emerge before age 12 years; however, access to evidence-based psychological therapies for affected children is poor. We aimed to compare the clinical outcomes and cost-effectiveness of two brief psychological treatments for children with anxiety referred to routine child mental health settings. We hypothesised that brief guided parent-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) would be associated with better clinical outcomes than solution-focused brief therapy and would be cost-effective...
May 17, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527507/it-takes-two-to-tango-engaging-patients-and-providers-with-portals
#10
REVIEW
Sachin D Shah, David Liebovitz
Patient portals are designed to be tools to more fully engage patients in their health care and help enable them to better manage their own health information. As the U.S. health care system rapidly adopted electronic health records (EHRs) over the past decade, many with linked patient portals, enthusiasm and expectations for this new technology as a means to engage and empower patients grew. Most patient portals have a set of core features designed to facilitate health care transactions, information tracking, and communication with care team members...
May 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527503/have-electronic-health-records-improved-the-quality-of-patient-care
#11
EDITORIAL
Louis Krenn, David Schlossman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527502/selection-and-implementation-of-an-electronic-health-record
#12
REVIEW
Grant S Fletcher, Thomas H Payne
Electronic health records (EHRs) are now the standard of practice in most communities, because of transition to reimbursement that increasingly focuses on risk sharing and quality measurement, and government EHR incentive programs. The selection and implementation of an EHR is one of the most important decisions a practice faces. Organizing the search for an EHR that fits a practice, negotiating a contract, planning and successfully implementing an EHR are best accomplished with a well-informed, strong, multidisciplinary team using project management techniques...
May 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527501/clinical-decision-support-and-the-electronic-health-record-applications-for-physiatry
#13
REVIEW
Joel S Shoolin
Clinical decision support (CDS) is a process that provides information to assist the user in decision making for evaluation and treatment. Although many think only of rules and alerts, CDS is much more than that. Order sets, clinical documents, information fields, and medication sentences are just a few other CDS tools to be considered. CDS has been shown to improve care. Forming the third point of the triangle, CDS, along with process redesign and workflow considerations, improves care and helps create successful outcomes...
May 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527499/it-is-from-mars-and-physicians-from-venus-bridging-the-gap
#14
REVIEW
Mark E Huang
With increasing adoption of electronic health records (EHRs) and legislative mandates for its use within the United States, collaboration between physicians and information technology (IT) staff is essential. Current challenges that physicians face include addressing EHR usability, system performance, adequate training, issue resolution, regulatory compliance, and lack of awareness of IT roles. These challenges lead to gaps in communication between clinicians and IT staff. Strategies to improve collaboration between physicians and IT staff include increasing physician involvement with health information technology software development, involvement with legislative regulations and standards, IT project implementation, as well as system stabilization and optimization...
May 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527498/electronic-health-record-transition-considerations
#15
REVIEW
Louis E Penrod
After an initial phase of electronic health record (EHR) solutions for both independent practices and larger health care organizations, we are now entering a period in which transitioning between EHRs is becoming more common. Many of the decisions and implementation processes for an EHR transition are similar to those encountered during the transition from paper records to an EHR. Detailed project planning and management are essential to keep the effort on track and within budget to a successful conclusion...
May 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527495/consumer-mobile-health-apps-current-state-barriers-and-future-directions
#16
REVIEW
Cheng-Kai Kao, David M Liebovitz
This paper discusses the current state, barriers, and future directions of consumer-facing applications (apps). There are currently more than 165,000 mobile health apps publicly available in major app stores, the vast majority of which are designed for patients. The top 2 categories are wellness management and disease management apps, whereas other categories include self-diagnosis, medication reminder, and electronic patient portal apps. Apps specific to physical medicine and rehabilitation also are reviewed...
May 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527034/simultaneous-determination-of-selected-hormones-endocrine-disruptor-compounds-and-pesticides-in-water-medium-at-trace-levels-by-gc-ms-after-dispersive-liquid-liquid-microextraction
#17
Dotse Selali Chormey, Çağdaş Büyükpınar, Fatma Turak, Okan Tarık Komesli, Sezgin Bakırdere
The need to enhance food safety has led to major advancements in pesticide productions, and though many benefits have been gained, environmental contamination has also risen from these chemicals that tend to persist in the environment. Some pesticides, together with other chemicals commonly called endocrine disruptor compounds, block the receptor sites of hormones or mimic displaced hormones, leading to imbalanced hormonal levels that result in health disorders and diseases. These chemicals occur at trace levels and are not directly detected by conventional analytical methods...
June 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526656/effects-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-on-exacerbation-number-and-severity-in-people-with-copd-an-historical-cohort-study-using-electronic-health-records
#18
Elizabeth Moore, Roger Newson, Miland Joshi, Thomas Palmer, Kieran J Rothnie, Sally Singh, Azeem Majeed, Michael Soljak, Jennifer K Quint
BACKGROUND: In previous systematic reviews, predominantly of randomised controlled trials, pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) has been shown to reduce hospital admissions for acute exacerbations of COPD (AECOPD). However, findings have been less consistent for cohort studies. We aimed to compare rates of hospitalized and general practice (GP) treated AECOPD before and after PR. METHODS: Using anonymised data from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink and Hospital Episode Statistics, hospital admissions and GP visits for AECOPD were compared one year before and after PR in patients referred for PR...
May 16, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526638/prevalence-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility-of-salmonella-and-shigella-spp-among-children-with-gastroenteritis-in-an-iranian-referral-hospital
#19
Shima Mahmoudi, Babak Pourakbari, Mina Moradzadeh, Hamid Eshaghi, Amitis Ramezani, Mohammad Taghi Haghi Ashtiani, Sepideh Keshavarz Valian, Setareh Mamishi
BACKGROUND: Gastroenteritis is one of the leading cause of illnesses through the world, especially in developing countries.Salmonella and Shigella infections are considered as the main public health problems in children. The aim of this study was to detect the prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of Salmonella and Shigella spp. among children with gastroenteritis in an Iranian referral hospital. METHODS: During April 2013 to April 2014, all medical records of children with gastroenteritis admitted to a pediatric medical center were evaluated...
May 16, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526570/role-of-medicinal-plants-on-growth-performance-and-immune-status-in-fish
#20
REVIEW
Elham Awad, Amani Awaad
Disease outbreaks increase proportionally with increases in intensive aquaculture. Natural products including medicinal plants have been known from thousands of years for treating some human diseases. It is well known that many active compounds are responsible for potential bio-activities. For that reason, there has been considerable interest in the use of medicinal plants in aquaculture with a view to providing safe and eco-friendly compounds for replacing antibiotics and chemical compounds as well as to enhance immune status and control fish diseases...
May 16, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
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