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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917147/the-feasibility-and-acceptability-of-mass-drug-administration-for-malaria-in-cambodia-a-mixed-methods-study
#1
Thomas J Peto, Rupam Tripura, Nou Sanann, Bipin Adhikari, James Callery, Mark Droogleever, Chhouen Heng, Phaik Yeong Cheah, Chan Davoeung, Chea Nguon, Lorenz von Seidlein, Arjen M Dondorp, Christopher Pell
Background: Mass drug administrations (MDAs) are part of the World Health Organization's Plasmodium falciparum elimination strategy for the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS). In Cambodia, a 2015-2017 clinical trial evaluated the effectiveness of MDA. This article explores factors that influence the feasibility and acceptability of MDA, including seasonal timing, financial incentives and the delivery model. Methods: Quantitative data were collected through structured questionnaires from the heads of 163 households...
June 16, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917125/temporal-effects-of-message-congruency-on-attention-to-and-recall-of-pictorial-health-warning-labels-on-cigarette-packages
#2
Kirsten Lochbuehler, E Paul Wileyto, Melissa Mercincavage, Valentina Souprountchouk, Jordan Z Burdge, Kathy Z Tang, Joseph N Cappella, Andrew A Strasser
Objectives: Recent research has shown that message congruency is beneficial to recall of pictorial health warning label (PWL) content after initial exposure. Despite less attention to the text warning, smokers exposed to congruent PWLs were more likely to recall the text and the message. This study aimed to replicate these findings and to examine whether congruency also affects recall after multiple exposures over time. Methods: 320 daily smokers (39.7% female; cigarettes/day: M = 15...
June 16, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917087/methods-to-measure-quality-of-care-and-quality-indicators-through-health-facility-surveys-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#3
Diego Rios-Zertuche, Paola Zúñiga-Brenes, Erin Palmisano, Bernardo Hernández, Alexandra Schaefer, Casey K Johanns, Alvaro Gonzalez-Marmol, Ali H Mokdad, Emma Iriarte
Objective: Present methods to measure standardized, replicable and comparable metrics to measure quality of medical care in low- and middle-income countries. Design: We constructed quality indicators for maternal, neonatal and child care. To minimize reviewer judgment, we transformed criteria from check-lists into data points and decisions into conditional algorithms. Distinct criteria were established for each facility level and type of care. Indicators were linked to discharge diagnoses...
June 18, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916928/linking-a-total-ankle-arthroplasty-registry-to-medicare-inpatient-claims-without-unique-identifiers
#4
Sudha R Raman, Bradley G Hammill, Robin M Queen, Samuel B Adams, Lesley H Curtis
BACKGROUND: Linking clinical registries to administrative claims data enables researchers to capitalize on the specific strengths of each data source with respect to the depth, breadth, and completeness of information. The objectives of this study were to link a health-system-based orthopaedic surgery registry to U.S. Medicare claims data without the use of unique identifiers and to assess the representativeness of the linked records. METHODS: The registry included clinical data for patients ≥65 years of age who underwent elective, inpatient total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) in a single health system during the period of 2007 through 2012...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916827/ttapp-together-take-a-pause-and-ponder-a-critical-thinking-tool-for-exploring-the-public-private-lives-of-patients
#5
Leslie Kuhnel
The broad use of social networking and user-generated content has increased the online footprint of many individuals. A generation of healthcare professionals have grown up with online search activities as part of their everyday lives. Sites like Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram have given the public new ways to share intimate details about their public and private lives and the lives of their friends and families. As a result, careproviders have the ability to find out more about their patients with just the tap of a key or the click of a mouse...
2018: Journal of Clinical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916616/-occupational-diseases-when-union-is-not-strength
#6
Nicoletta Sias, Elisabetta Cellura, Virginia Mortara, Flavio Giacinti, Antonella Rulfi, Giustina Elena Soru, Attilio Businelli
OBJECTIVES: The operating model of health and safety protection in the workplace is a complex system made up of multiple integrated layers of intervention, achieved by various parties, organizations and institutions. The objective in this study was to verify the congruity and appropriateness of these specific interventions in the Genoa area, starting from a sample of reports of musculoskeletal diseases pursuant to Art. 139 TU 1124/1965 and to Art. 365 CP received in ASL3 between years 2004 and 2014...
November 2017: Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro Ed Ergonomia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916576/validity-and-reliability-of-textile-system-sensoria-for-posturographic-measurements
#7
Giovanni D'Addio, Luigi Iuppariello, Paolo Bifulco, Bernardo Lanzillo, Nicola Pappone, Mario Cesarelli
OBJECTIVES: Smart fabrics and interactive textiles are a relatively new area of research, with many potential applications in the field of biomedical engineering. The ability of smart textiles to interact with the body provides a novel means to sense the wearer's physiology and respond to the needs of the wearer. Physiological signals, such as heart rate, breathing rates, and activity levels, are useful indicators of health status. These signals can be measured by means of textile-based sensors integrated into smart clothing which has the ability to keep a digital record of the patient's physiological responses since his or her last clinical visit, allowing doctors to make a more accurate diagnosis...
December 2017: Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro Ed Ergonomia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916414/does-clinical-governance-influence-the-quality-of-medical-records
#8
Andrea Poscia, Elena Azzolini, Pasquale Cacciatore, Antonio Giulio de Belvis, Massimo Volpe, Andrea Cambieri, Gianfranco Damiani, Walter Ricciardi, Maria Lucia Specchia
BACKGROUND: Clinical Governance (CG) is a validated framework for continuous quality improvement in health care settings. Quality medical records may reflect the quality of care delivered and are a viable tool to implement CG skills. AIM: Aim of this study is to investigate the correlation between the level of implementation of CG dimensions and the quality of medical records. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in an Italian Teaching Hospital...
April 2018: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916196/recent-trends-in-the-practice-of-procedural-sedation-under-local-anesthesia-for-catheter-ablation-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-and-endoscopic-surgery-in-japan-a-retrospective-database-study-in-clinical-practice-from-2012-to-2015
#9
Akiko Matsui, Michihiro Morimoto, Hiroshi Suzuki, Thomas Laurent, Yoko Fujimoto, Yoshimi Inagaki
OBJECTIVES: To investigate changes in sedation practice during 2012-2015, using a large health claims database, for catheter ablation (CA), gastrointestinal endoscopic examination (EE), and surgery (ES) after dexmedetomidine (DEX) was approved for procedural sedation in 2013. We assessed the trends of sedative utilization, sedative-analgesic combinations, and, additionally, incidence of complications from 2012 to 2015. METHODS: Using the database provided by Medical Data Vision Co...
June 18, 2018: Drugs—Real World Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916136/the-effect-of-aerobic-exercise-on-stroke-rehabilitation
#10
Hande Gezer, Ozgur Zeliha Karaahmet, Eda Gurcay, Deniz Dulgeroglu, Aytul Cakci
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To compare the effects of aerobic exercise and conventional exercise that were applied during the rehabilitation process on the aerobic capacity, motor function, activity limitation, quality of life, depression level, and sleep quality in subacute stroke patients. METHODS: The patients were divided into two groups; aerobic exercise group (n = 22) or conventional exercise group (n = 20). Both groups participated in a conventional stroke rehabilitation program; however, aerobic exercise program was applied only for the patients in group 1...
June 19, 2018: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915887/surgical-management-and-long-term-outcome-of-intracranial-subependymoma
#11
REVIEW
Adithya Varma, David Giraldi, Samantha Mills, Andrew R Brodbelt, Michael D Jenkinson
BACKGROUND: Intracranial subependymomas account for 0.2-0.7% of central nervous system tumours and are classified as World Health Organization (WHO) grade 1 tumours. They are typically located within the ventricular system and are detected incidentally or with symptoms of hydrocephalus. Due to paucity of studies exploring this tumour type, the objective was to determine the medium- to long-term outcome of intracranial subependymoma treated by surgical resection. METHODS: Retrospective case note review of adults with intracranial WHO grade 1 subependymoma diagnosed between 1990 and 2015 at the Walton Centre NHS Foundation Trust was undertaken...
June 18, 2018: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915747/audit-of-emergency-obstetric-referrals-from-a-secondary-level-hospital-in-haryana-north-india
#12
Shashi Kant, Ravneet Kaur, Sumit Malhotra, Partha Haldar, Akhil Dhanesh Goel
Background: The maternal mortality ratio in India is high. An effective emergency obstetric care (EmOC) strategy has been identified as a priority to reduce maternal deaths. Since the capacity of different levels of public health facilities to provide EmOC is varied, an effective referral system is crucial. However, few studies have evaluated the functioning and quality of referral systems in India. A systematic monitoring of referrals helps to identify current gaps in the provision of essential obstetric care...
January 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915497/a-retrospective-study-of-bovine-tuberculosis-at-the-municipal-abattoir-of-bauchi-state-northeastern-nigeria
#13
Saleh Mohammed Jajere, Naphtali Nayamanda Atsanda, Asinamai Athliamai Bitrus, Tasiu Mallam Hamisu, Mohammed Dauda Goni
Background and Aim: Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) still remains a major zoonotic bacterial disease affecting livestock and humans worldwide. The disease remains a poorly managed tropical disease in most developing countries of the world; where in addition to productivity losses and significance in international trade, it posed a major public health threat to both humans and animals. A retrospective study was designed to investigate the occurrence of bTB lesions at Bauchi municipal abattoir...
May 2018: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915095/prospective-countywide-surveillance-and-autopsy-characterization-of-sudden-cardiac-death-post-scd-study
#14
Zian H Tseng, Jeffrey E Olgin, Eric Vittinghoff, Philip C Ursell, Anthony S Kim, Karl Sporer, Clement Yeh, Benjamin Colburn, Nina M Clark, Rana Khan, Amy P Hart, Ellen Moffatt
BACKGROUND: Studies of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest and sudden cardiac death (SCD) use emergency medical services records, death certificates, or definitions that infer cause of death; thus, the true incidence of SCD is unknown. Over 90% of SCDs occur out-of-hospital; nonforensic autopsies are rarely performed, and therefore causes of death are presumed. We conducted a medical examiner-based investigation to determine the precise incidence and autopsy-defined causes of all SCDs in an entire metropolitan area...
June 19, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914947/external-evaluation-of-a-gentamicin-infant-population-pharmacokinetic-model-using-data-from-a-national-electronic-health-record-database
#15
Shufan Ge, Ryan J Beechinor, Christoph P Hornik, Joseph F Standing, Kanecia Zimmerman, Michael Cohen-Wolkowiez, Matthew M Laughon, Reese Clark, Daniel Gonzalez
Gentamicin is a common antibiotic used in neonates and infants. A recently published population pharmacokinetic (PK) model was developed using data from multiple studies, and the objective of our analyses is to evaluate the feasibility of using a national electronic health record (EHR) database to further externally evaluate this model. Our results suggest that with proper data capture procedures, EHR data can serve as a potential data source for external evaluation of PK models.
June 18, 2018: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914528/how-to-address-the-challenges-of-evaluating-treatment-benefits-risks-in-rare-diseases-a-convergent-mixed-methods-approach-applied-within-a-merkel-cell-carcinoma-phase-2-clinical-trial
#16
Murtuza Bharmal, Isabelle Guillemin, Alexia Marrel, Benoit Arnould, Jérémy Lambert, Meliessa Hennessy, Fatoumata Fofana
BACKGROUND: Demonstrating treatment benefits within clinical trials in the context of rare diseases is often methodologically and practically challenging. Mixed methods research offers an approach to overcome these challenges by combining quantitative and qualitative data, thus providing a better understanding of the research question. A convergent mixed methods design in the context of Merkel cell carcinoma, a rare skin cancer, was used during the JAVELIN Merkel 200 trial (NCT02155647)...
June 18, 2018: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914502/the-value-of-necropsy-reports-for-animal-health-surveillance
#17
Susanne Küker, Celine Faverjon, Lenz Furrer, John Berezowski, Horst Posthaus, Fabio Rinaldi, Flavie Vial
BACKGROUND: Animal health data recorded in free text, such as in necropsy reports, can have valuable information for national surveillance systems. However, these data are rarely utilized because the text format requires labor-intensive classification of records before they can be analyzed with using statistical or other software. In a previous study, we designed a text-mining tool to extract data from text in necropsy reports. In the current study, we used the tool to extract data from the reports from pig and cattle necropsies performed between 2000 and 2011 at the Institute of Animal Pathology (ITPA), University of Bern, Switzerland...
June 18, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914468/achievement-of-malaria-pre-elimination-in-cape-verde-according-to-the-data-collected-from-2010-to-2016
#18
Adilson José DePina, El Hadji Amadou Niang, Alex Jailson Barbosa Andrade, Abdoulaye Kane Dia, Antonio Moreira, Ousmane Faye, Ibrahima Seck
BACKGROUND: Malaria, despite being preventable and treatable, continues to be a major public health problem worldwide. The archipelago nation of Cape Verde is in a malaria pre-elimination phase with the highest potential to achieve the target goal of elimination in 2020. METHODS: Nationwide malaria epidemiological data were obtained from the Cape Verde health information system that includes the individual malaria case notification system from all of the country's health structures...
June 19, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914467/exercise-and-physical-activity-in-asylum-seekers-in-northern-england-using-the-theoretical-domains-framework-to-identify-barriers-and-facilitators
#19
Melanie Haith-Cooper, Catherine Waskett, Jane Montague, Maria Horne
BACKGROUND: Many asylum seekers have complex mental health needs which can be exacerbated by the challenging circumstances in which they live and difficulties accessing health services. Regular moderate physical activity can improve mental health and would be a useful strategy to achieve this. Evidence suggests there are barriers to engaging black and minority ethnic groups in physical activity, but there is little research around asylum seekers to address the key barriers and facilitators in this group...
June 19, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914432/maternal-personality-disorder-symptoms-in-primary-health-care-associations-with-mother-toddler-interactions-at-one-year-follow-up
#20
Magnhild Singstad Høivik, Stian Lydersen, Ingunn Ranøyen, Turid Suzanne Berg-Nielsen
BACKGROUND: Research is scarce on how mothers' symptoms of personality disorders are linked to the mother-toddler relationship. In this study we have explored the extent to which these symptoms are associated with mutual mother-toddler interactions assessed 1 year after the initial assessment. METHODS: Mothers and their 0-24-month-old children (n = 112) were recruited by nurses at well-baby clinics due to either self-reported or observed mother-toddler interaction problems...
June 18, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
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