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Linda S Rieg, Shirlene Newbanks, Rose Sprunger
This study explored Christian nurses' views of their source of caring (Deity or other), adherence to biblical faith practices, and view of nursing as a job, career, profession, or calling. Participants who reported Deity (God, Christ, Holy Spirit) as their source of caring were more likely to view nursing as a calling and report a higher degree of volunteering (serving), giving (financially to a religious community), devotions and prayer (personal walk), and fellowship (meeting with a community of other believers)...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Christian Nursing: a Quarterly Publication of Nurses Christian Fellowship
Philip A Cook, Thomas M Johnson, Suzanne G Martin, Philip R Gerhman, Seema Bhatnagar, James C Gee
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI), has been described as the "signature injury" of the Global War on Terror. Explosive blast TBI has become a leading cause of injury as a result of the widespread use of improvised explosive devices in Iraq and Afghanistan. We present a retrospective cross-sectional study of patients with blast-related mild TBI (N=303) seen at the Intrepid Spirit Concussion Recovery Center at Naval Medical Center Camp Lejeune. The objective was to predict outcomes of return to duty (RTD) vs. medical retirement via medical evaluation board (MEB), based on brain imaging, neuropsychological data and history of mTBI...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
Xiao Xing, Yanjun Wang, Linhua Cui, Yan Liang
To state professor GAO Yuchun's methods and understandings of "treating spirit" and "acupuncture reinforcing and reducing" by the systemic study of Inner Canon of Yellow Emperor and clinical experience. It is considered that "treating spirit" is the foundation of all kinds of acupuncture manipulations,and "acupuncture reinforcing and reducing" is an important means to treat disease by adjusting the deficiency and excess. We think that it is key to deeply understand various reinforcing and reducing manipulations and do zhiyihe, so as to achieve effects according to the two principles...
February 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Runjie Sun, Liang Tian, Xiaoli Fang, Xiaoguang Qin, Qiaoyan Wu, Yingxue He, Fengxian Ji, Xitong Zhang, Xiaozheng Du
ZHENG's acupuncture school in Gansu,represented by ZHENG Yulin and ZHENG Kuishan,is of great influence in China. ZHENG's acupuncture school originated from Huangdi Neijing(Inner Canon of Yellow Emperor) and Nanjing(Classic of Questioning),and shaped around Yuan Dynasty and Ming Dynasty. Professor ZHENG Kuishan has formed a unique "ZHENG's acupuncture" diagnosis and treatment system by inheritance and innovation. He clinically paid attention to basic training,obtaining qi and keeping spirit,as well as syndrome differentiation,reinforcing and reducing...
March 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Pieter Kruizinga, Pim van der Meulen, Andrejs Fedjajevs, Frits Mastik, Geert Springeling, Nico de Jong, Johannes G Bosch, Geert Leus
Three-dimensional ultrasound is a powerful imaging technique, but it requires thousands of sensors and complex hardware. Very recently, the discovery of compressive sensing has shown that the signal structure can be exploited to reduce the burden posed by traditional sensing requirements. In this spirit, we have designed a simple ultrasound imaging device that can perform three-dimensional imaging using just a single ultrasound sensor. Our device makes a compressed measurement of the spatial ultrasound field using a plastic aperture mask placed in front of the ultrasound sensor...
December 2017: Science Advances
Adam Sherk, Tim Stockwell, Tanya Chikritzhs, Sven Andréasson, Colin Angus, Johanna Gripenberg, Harold Holder, John Holmes, Pia Mäkelä, Megan Mills, Thor Norström, Mats Ramstedt, Jonathan Woods
OBJECTIVE: Systematic reviews and meta-analyses were completed studying the effect of changes in the physical availability of take-away alcohol on per capita alcohol consumption. Previous reviews examining this topic have not focused on off-premise outlets where take-away alcohol is sold and have not completed meta-analyses. METHOD: Systematic reviews were conducted separately for policies affecting the temporal availability (days and hours of sale) and spatial availability (outlet density) of take-away alcohol...
January 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Timothy S Naimi, Jason G Blanchette, Ziming Xuan, Francis J Chaloupka
OBJECTIVE: In the United States, excessive alcohol consumption is responsible for 88,000 deaths annually and cost $249 billion, or $2.05 per drink, in 2010. Specific excise taxes, the predominant form of alcohol taxation in the United States, are based on the volume of alcohol sold rather than a percentage of price and can thus degrade over time because of inflation. The objective of this study was to describe changes in inflation-adjusted state alcohol excise taxes on a beverage-specific basis...
January 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Madalena Cruz-Ferreira
Communication involves a sender, a receiver and a shared code operating through shared rules. Breach of communication results from disruption to any of these basic components of a communicative chain, although assessment of communication abilities typically focuses on senders/receivers, on two assumptions: first, that their command of features and rules of the language in question (the code), such as sounds, words or word order, as described in linguists' theorisations, represents the full scope of linguistic competence; and second, that languages are stable, homogeneous entities, unaffected by their users' communicative needs...
December 11, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Robert D Skeel, Ruijun Zhao, Carol Beth Post
Considered is the construction of transition paths of conformational changes for proteins and other macromolecules, using methods that do not require the generation of dynamics trajectories. Special attention is given to the use of a reduced set of collective variables for describing such paths. A favored way to define transition paths is to seek channels through the transition state having cross sections with a high reactive flux (density of last hitting points of reactive trajectories). Given here is a formula for reactive flux that is independent of the parameterization of "collective variable space...
January 2017: Theoretical Chemistry Accounts
Wojciech Florkowski, Michal P Heller, Michal Spalinski
The past 10 years have witnessed a surge of interest in relativistic hydrodynamics, which has lead a number of interesting developments. A key motivating factor has been the success of the hydrodynamic description of the evolution of quark-gluon plasma produced in heavy ion collision experiments. Relativistic hydrodynamics has come to be viewed in the spirit of effective field theory, in the sense that the gradient expansion of the energy momentum tensor generated by the hydrodynamic theory should in principle be matched with the gradient expansion computed at the microscopic level...
December 11, 2017: Reports on Progress in Physics
Katarzyna Szambelan, Jacek Nowak, Jakub Frankowski, Artur Szwengiel, Henryk Jeleń, Henryk Burczyk
The aim of this work was to study the potential of sorghum crop cultivated in European climate as an energy material. The investigation showed strong interaction between the fermentation method and the sorghum cultivar. It was also noted that the cultivar with the highest grain yield showed the highest yield of ethanol per hectare, achieving 1269 L/ha in SHF (separate hydrolysis and fermentation) and 1248 L/ha in SSF (simultaneous saccharification and fermentation). Chromatographic analysis of raw spirits showed that smaller amounts of impurities are formed in the SSF process than in the SHF process...
December 6, 2017: Bioresource Technology
Pierre Dussarrat, Maxime Perrier, Almazbek Imanaliev, Raphael Lopes, Alain Aspect, Marc Cheneau, Denis Boiron, Christoph I Westbrook
We present a free-space interferometer to observe two-particle interference of a pair of atoms with entangled momenta. The source of atom pairs is a Bose-Einstein condensate subject to a dynamical instability, and the interferometer is realized using Bragg diffraction on optical lattices, in the spirit of our recent Hong-Ou-Mandel experiment. We report on an observation ruling out the possibility of a purely mixed state at the input of the interferometer. We explain how our current setup can be extended to enable a test of a Bell inequality on momentum observables...
October 27, 2017: Physical Review Letters
Dong Wan Lee, Hanbyul Lee, Aslan Hwanhwi Lee, Bong-Oh Kwon, Jong Seong Khim, Un Hyuk Yim, Beom Seok Kim, Jae-Jin Kim
The tidal flats near Sinduri beach in Taean, Korea, have been severely contaminated by heavy crude oils due to the Korea's worst oil spill accident, say the Hebei Spirit Oil Spill, in 2007. Crude oil compounds, including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), pose significant environmental damages due to their wide distribution, persistence, high toxicity, mutagenicity, and carcinogenicity. Microbial community of Sinduri beach sediments samples was analyzed by metagenomic data with 16S rRNA gene amplicons...
December 4, 2017: Environmental Pollution
Melanie R Keiffer
The nursing research class requires faculty to create a spirit of inquiry while integrating technology, flexibility, and responsiveness to student needs. This article discusses new pedagogies to actively engage students in the evidence-based nursing process and the achievement of course learning outcomes. Through course exemplar, the author demonstrates a creative method to engage traditional baccalaureate nursing students in a nursing project that links evidence to improved patient outcomes.
December 5, 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
O De Giglio, G Caggiano, F Apollonio, A Marzella, S Brigida, E Ranieri, L Lucentini, V F Uricchio, M T Montagna
In most regions of the world, safeguarding groundwater resources is a serious issue, particularly in coastal areas where groundwater is the main water source for drinking, irrigation and industry. Water availability depends on climate, topography and geology. The aim of this paper is to evaluate aquifer recharge as a possible strategy to relieve water resource scarcity. Natural aquifer recharge is defined as the downward flow of water reaching the water table, increasing the groundwater reservoir. Hydro-meteorological factors (rainfall, evapotranspiration and runoff) may alter natural recharge processes...
January 2018: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
Deborah Mascalzoni, Carlo Petrini, Domenica Taruscio, Sabina Gainotti
Solidarity plays a relevant role in rare diseases (RDs) research to create and enable research in the field. In Europe RDs are estimated to affect between 27 and 36 million people even though single RDs can count very few patients, making the contribution of everyone essential to reach solid results. Often RD research is initiated by patient groups devoting substantial time and resources to the scientific enterprise. In RD research solidarity is often evocated and expressed, in different ways and on different levels, so that it is possible to talk about "solidarities" played by different stakeholders and sometimes conflicting with each other...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Mehdi Arbabi-Ghahroudi
Tremendous effort has been expended over the past two and a half decades to understand many aspects of camelid heavy chain antibodies, from their biology, evolution, and immunogenetics to their potential applications in various fields of research and medicine. In this article, I present a historical perspective on the development of camelid single-domain antibodies (sdAbs or VHHs, also widely known as nanobodies) since their discovery and discuss the advantages and disadvantages of these unique molecules in various areas of research, industry, and medicine...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
Hajo Greif
Two aspects of cognitive coupling, as brought forward in the Extended Mind Hypothesis, are discussed in this paper: (1) how shall the functional coupling between the organism and some entity in his environment be spelled out in detail? (2) What are the paradigmatic external entities to enter into that coupling? These two related questions are best answered in the light of an aetiological variety of functionalist argument that adds historical depth to the "active externalism" promoted by Clark and Chalmers and helps to counter some of the core criticisms levelled against this view...
2017: Synthese
L C Racusen, K Solez
The awarding of the gold medal from the Catalan Society of Transplantation to the organizers of the Banff Transplant Pathology meetings is an opportunity to acknowledge gratitude to all the people who have helped make these meetings a success over the past 26 years. Other large organizations have given up consensus conferences, but the Banff consensus process is thriving. It is unusual for any organization to have the same leadership for 26 years. It has only worked for the Banff meetings because the leadership was flexible and able to change with the times...
December 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
Edith V Sullivan
Alcohol use disorder (AUD) has been a major cause of family, social, and personal strife for centuries, with current prevalence estimates of 14% for 12-month and 29% lifetime AUD. Neuropsychological testing of selective cognitive, sensory, and motor functions complemented with in vivo brain imaging has enabled tracking the consequences of AUD, which follows a dynamic course of development, maintenance, and recovery or relapse. Controlled studies of alcoholism reviewed herein provide evidence for disruption of selective functions involving executive, visuospatial, mnemonic, emotional, and attentional processes, response inhibition, prosody, and postural stability and brain systems supporting these functions...
October 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
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