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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548457/on-the-research-of-time-past-the-hunt-for-the-substrate-of-memory
#1
REVIEW
Bridget N Queenan, Tomás J Ryan, Michael S Gazzaniga, Charles R Gallistel
The search for memory is one of the oldest quests in written human history. For at least two millennia, we have tried to understand how we learn and remember. We have gradually converged on the brain and looked inside it to find the basis of knowledge, the trace of memory. The search for memory has been conducted on multiple levels, from the organ to the cell to the synapse, and has been distributed across disciplines with less chronological or intellectual overlap than one might hope. Frequently, the study of the mind and its memories has been severely restricted by technological or philosophical limitations...
May 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548315/aapm-medical-physics-practice-guideline-8-a-linear-accelerator-performance-tests
#2
Koren Smith, Peter Balter, John Duhon, Gerald A White, David L Vassy, Robin A Miller, Christopher F Serago, Lynne A Fairobent
PURPOSE: The purpose of this guideline is to provide a list of critical performance tests in order to assist the Qualified Medical Physicist (QMP) in establishing and maintaining a safe and effective quality assurance (QA) program. The performance tests on a linear accelerator (linac) should be selected to fit the clinical patterns of use of the accelerator and care should be given to perform tests which are relevant to detecting errors related to the specific use of the accelerator. METHODS: A risk assessment was performed on tests from current task group reports on linac QA to highlight those tests that are most effective at maintaining safety and quality for the patient...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546682/yoga-practice-improves-the-body-mass-index-and-blood-pressure-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Ashutosh Chauhan, Deepak Kumar Semwal, Satyendra Prasad Mishra, Ruchi Badoni Semwal
BACKGROUND: Yoga, an ancient Indian system of exercise and therapy is an art of good living or an integrated system for the benefit of the body, mind, and inner spirit. Regular practice of yoga can help to increase blood flow to the brain, reduce stress, have a calming effect on the nervous system, and greatly help in reducing hypertension. AIM: Aim of the present study is to evaluate the effect of 1-month yoga practice on body mass index (BMI), and blood pressure (BP)...
May 2017: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540768/daily-stressors-trauma-exposure-and-mental-health-among-stateless-rohingya-refugees-in-bangladesh
#4
Andrew Riley, Andrea Varner, Peter Ventevogel, M M Taimur Hasan, Courtney Welton-Mitchell
The Rohingya of Myanmar are a severely persecuted minority who form one of the largest groups of stateless people; thousands of them reside in refugee camps in southeastern Bangladesh. There has been little research into the mental health consequences of persecution, war, and other historical trauma endured by the Rohingya; nor has the role of daily environmental stressors associated with continued displacement, statelessness, and life in the refugee camps, been thoroughly researched. This cross-sectional study examined: trauma history, daily environmental stressors, and mental health outcomes for 148 Rohingya adults residing in Kutupalong and Nayapara refugee camps in Bangladesh...
June 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536497/clinical-application-of-multidisciplinary-teams-in-tumor-therapy
#5
Cong Wang, Dongjian Song, Zhili Xu, Jiaxiang Wang
Multidisciplinary team (MDT) model is a diagnostic and treatment model characterized by interdisciplinarity, integration, centralism, individualization, and precision and is becoming more common in the management of complex malignancies. MDT emphasizes team spirit and a personalized treatment strategy according to the actual condition of each patient. A cooperative and effective multidisciplinary team is an important guarantee for delivering high-quality services to patients. Under the guidance of a medical humanistic concept, MDT provides reasonable, effective, convenient, and a full range of excellent quality medical service to patients...
April 2017: Chinese Journal of Cancer Research, Chung-kuo Yen Cheng Yen Chiu
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535679/triterpenoid-components-from-oak-heartwood-quercus-robur-and-their-potential-health-benefits
#6
Andy J Pérez, Łukasz Pecio, Mariusz Kowalczyk, Renata Kontek, Gabriela Gajek, Lidija Stopinsek, Ivan Mirt, Wiesław Oleszek, Anna Stochmal
For centuries oak wood (Quercus robur) have been used in aging of wines and spirits, which is based on pleasant flavors given to beverages by phenolics transferred to the liquid during the maturation process. Other metabolites like triterpenoids can also be released. Searching for extractable triterpenoids in oak heartwood, twelve new, 1-12, and five known, 13-17, oleanane types were isolated and characterized. Their cytotoxicities were tested against cancer cells (PC3 and MCF-7) and lymphocytes. Breast cancer cells (MCF-7) were the most affected by triterpenoids, roburgenic acid, 4, being the most active compound (IC50 = 19...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520201/communication-practices-that-encourage-and-constrain-shared-decision-making-in-health-care-encounters-systematic-review-of-conversation-analytic-research
#7
REVIEW
Victoria Land, Ruth Parry, Jane Seymour
BACKGROUND: Shared decision making (SDM) is generally treated as good practice in health-care interactions. Conversation analytic research has yielded detailed findings about decision making in health-care encounters. OBJECTIVE: To map decision making communication practices relevant to health-care outcomes in face-to-face interactions yielded by prior conversation analyses, and to examine their function in relation to SDM. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched nine electronic databases (last search November 2016) and our own and other academics' collections...
May 18, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514909/what-can-action-learning-offer-a-beleaguered-system-a-narrative-representing-the-relationship
#8
James Traeger
Purpose This is an attempt to write an account of action learning that is as close to the ground on which it was practised as the author can make it. In that sense, the reader can read what follows below as a kind of autoethnography, a "representation as relationship" as Gergen and Gergen (2002, p. 11) call it. This is because in the opportunity of telling a story about his practice as an action learning facilitator, the author hopes to evoke that which is more akin to the contactful environment of quality action learning than any amount of abstract theorising...
May 2, 2017: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511522/iris-positioning-using-a-grid-attached-to-a-spring-bow-for-a-custom-ocular-prosthesis
#9
Ankita Chamaria, Meena Ajay Aras, Vidya Chitre, Godwin Clovis Da Costa
Eyes are among the first features of the face to be noticed. Loss of an eye due to congenital, traumatic or pathologic aetiologies causes disfigurement and loss of sensory feedback. It leaves a psychological impact on the patient, thus prosthesis should be provided at the earliest to raise the spirits of the afflicted. Iris positioning is one of the important steps in fabricating customized ocular prosthesis. In facial asymmetry cases, comparison of both irises together can be a major disadvantage. This case report illustrates the use of a unique customized frame spring bow assembly to position the iris disk using the established parallelism between inter pupillary line to the horizontal plane...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501232/restoring-balance-for-people-with-cancer-through-integrative-oncology
#10
REVIEW
Judy A Fulop, Ania Grimone, David Victorson
Integrative Oncology incorporates conventional and western cancer treatment approaches with the best of ancient and traditional medicine including nutrition, supplements, Qigong, herbal medicine, mind-body practices, and more. This article offers a guiding conceptual paradigm from an integrative perspective based on the principles of balance and imbalance. An integrative approach is used to help improve quality of life, enhance lifestyle choices and mitigate symptoms and side effects from conventional treatments...
June 2017: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501225/introduction-to-integrative-medicine-in-the-primary-care-setting
#11
REVIEW
Melinda Ring, Rupa Mahadevan
Integrative Medicine has been described as "healing oriented medicine that takes account of the whole person (body, mind, and spirit) including all aspects of lifestyle. It emphasizes therapeutic relationships and makes use of all appropriate therapies, both conventional and alternative." National surveys consistently report that approximately one-third of adults and 12% of children use complementary and integrative medicine approaches. Although there are barriers to primary care professionals engaging in discussions about lifestyle change and complementary and integrative medicine options, there is also great potential to impact patient well-being...
June 2017: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498594/persistent-persecutory-delusions-the-spirit-style-and-content-of-targeted-treatment
#12
Daniel Freeman, Felicity Waite
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494822/nursing-the-balance-of-mind-body-and-spirit
#13
Debbie Fraser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: Neonatal Network: NN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492737/the-use-of-medicinal-plants-and-the-role-of-faith-in-family-care
#14
Crislaine Alves Barcellos de Lima, Ângela Roberta Alves Lima, Cledenir Vergara Mendonça, Caroline Vasconcellos Lopes, Rita Maria Heck
Objective: To understand the use of medicinal plants and the role of faith in the family care system. Method: The adopted methodology is qualitative research, conducted in April and July 2015, in a municipality of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, Brazil, with three informants who have knowledge of the healthcare practices. The data were interpreted using interpretive anthropology. Results: Data interpretation led to two categories: Medicinal plants in health care and Care with the use of plants in the blessing ritual...
May 4, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490380/living-with-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-and-an-implantable-defibrillator
#15
Peter Magnusson, Jessica Jonsson, Stellan Mörner, Lennart Fredriksson
BACKGROUND: ICDs efficiently terminate life-threatening arrhythmias, but complications occur during long-term follow-up. Patients' own perspective is largely unknown. The aim of the study was to describe experiences of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) patients with implantable defibrillators (ICDs). METHODS: We analyzed 26 Swedish patient interviews using hermeneutics and latent content analysis. RESULTS: Patients (aged 27-76 years) were limited by HCM especially if it deteriorates into heart failure...
May 10, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489374/theoretical-study-of-the-pair-correlated-f-chd3-v-0-%C3%AE-1-1-reaction-effect-of-ch-stretching-vibrational-excitation
#16
Joaquin Espinosa-Garcia, Laurent Bonnet, Jose Carlos Corchado
The F + CHD3(v) reaction is a benchmark system in polyatomic reactions. Theoretical/experimental comparisons have been reported in recent years which present some controversies, specifically the role of the reactant CH stretching vibrational excitation, CHD3(v1=1), on the reactivity of both isotope channels, DF(v) + CHD2(v´) and HF(v) + CD3(v´). However, in many cases these comparisons are not made on an equal footing. Previous theoretical studies were concerned with overall reactivity of each isotope channel, while fine velocity map imaging experiments provided results in a product pair-correlated manner...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485105/cross-regulation-of-an-artificial-metalloenzyme
#17
Yasunori Okamoto, Thomas R Ward
Cross-regulation of complex biochemical reaction networks is an essential feature of living systems. In a biomimetic spirit, we report on our efforts to program the temporal activation of an artificial metalloenzyme via cross-regulation by a natural enzyme. In the presence of urea, urease slowly releases ammonia that reversibly inhibits an artificial transfer hydrogenase. Addition of an acid, which acts as fuel, allows to maintain the system out of equilibrium.
May 9, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480739/translation-and-purification-ayurvedic-psychiatry-allopathic-psychiatry-spirits-and-occult-violence-in-kerala-south-india
#18
Claudia Lang
In this paper, the author traces two parallel movements of institutionalized Ayurvedic psychiatry, an emergent field of specialization in Kerala, India: the 'work of purification' and the 'work of translation' that Latour has described as characteristic of the 'modern constitution.' The author delineates these processes in terms of the relationship of Ayurvedic psychiatry to (1) allopathic psychiatry, (2) bhutavidya, a branch of textual Ayurveda dealing with spirits, and (3) occult violence. The aim is to offer a model of these open and hidden processes and of Ayurvedic psychiatry's positioning within a hierarchical mental health field characterized simultaneously by biopsychiatric hegemony and a persistent vernacular healing tradition...
May 8, 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480402/effect-of-ruanganjiedu-decoction-inhibit-experimental-hepatic-fibrosis-of-rats
#19
Sheng Liu, Xiao-Min Wang, Guo-Wang Yang
BACKGROUND: RuanGanJieDu (RGJD) is a traditional Chinese medicine comprising nine Chinese medicinal herbs. The clinical use of RGJD by us was found that it has a good control effect on hepatic fibrosis (HF) patient. In order to further investigate the Anti-fibrosis mechanism of RGJD, hence this experiment has been carried out. METHODS: After treatment, the general conditions of rats in each group were observed. The liver tissues morphology and HF phases were observed under light microscope...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478792/alcohol-consumption-pattern-and-risk-of-barrett-s-oesophagus-and-erosive-oesophagitis-an-italian-case-control-study
#20
Rosa A Filiberti, Vincenzo Fontana, Antonella De Ceglie, Sabrina Blanchi, Enzo Grossi, Domenico Della Casa, Teresa Lacchin, Marina De Matthaeis, Orazio Ignomirelli, Roberta Cappiello, Alessandra Rosa, Monica Foti, Francesco Laterza, Vittorio D'Onofrio, Gaetano Iaquinto, Massimo Conio
Knowledge about the association between alcohol and Barrett's oesophagus and reflux oesophagitis is conflicting. In this case-control study we evaluated the role of specific alcoholic beverages (red and white wine, beer and liquors) in 339 Barrett's oesophagus and 462 oesophagitis patients compared with 619 endoscopic controls with other disorders, recruited in twelve Italian endoscopic units. Data on alcohol and other individual characteristics were obtained from structured questionnaires. No clear, monotonic significant dose-response relationship was pointed out for red wine...
May 8, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
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