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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732262/attitudes-toward-epilepsy-and-perceptions-of-epilepsy-related-stigma-in-korean-evangelical-christians
#1
Sang-Ahm Lee, Eun-Ju Choi, Ji-Ye Jeon, Joon-Hyun Paek
PURPOSE: The scriptural description of Jesus driving out an evil spirit from a boy with epilepsy supported the idea of the spiritual nature of epilepsy for centuries. Korea has a shorter history of Christianity than the Western world. We determined whether there are differences in attitudes toward epilepsy and perception of epilepsy-related stigma between people with and without belief in evangelical Christianity in Korea. METHODS: Data were collected from evangelical churches and theological colleges...
July 18, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726885/simulation-of-the-experimental-imaging-results-for-the-oh-chd3-reaction-with-a-simple-and-accurate-theoretical-approach
#2
Laurent Bonnet, Joaquin Espinosa-Garcia
The OH + CHD3 reaction is among the largest one ever studied at the high-resolution level permitted by imaging techniques [B. Zhang et al., J. Phys. Chem. A, 2005, 109, 8989]. This process involves eighteen configuration space coordinates, which are large enough to make exact quantum scattering calculations beyond reach. Moreover, freezing some degrees-of-freedom in order to render these calculations feasible may lead to unrealistic predictions. However, we have found it possible to reproduce for the first time the pair-correlated measurements of Zhang et al...
July 20, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725054/quantifying-magnetic-sensitivity-of-radical-pair-based-compass-by-quantum-fisher-information
#3
Li-Sha Guo, Bao-Ming Xu, Jian Zou, Bin Shao
The radical pair (RP) based compass is considered as one of the principal models of avian magnetoreception. Different from the conventional approach where the sensitivity of RP based compass is described by the singlet yield, we introduce the quantum Fisher information (QFI), which represents the maximum information about the magnetic field's direction extracted from the RP state, to quantify the sensitivity of RP based compass. The consistency between our results and experimental observations suggests that the QFI may serve as a measure to describe the sensitivity of RP based compass...
July 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724471/what-influences-diet-quality-in-older-people-a-qualitative-study-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-from-the-hertfordshire-cohort-study-uk
#4
Ilse Bloom, Wendy Lawrence, Mary Barker, Janis Baird, Elaine Dennison, Avan Aihie Sayer, Cyrus Cooper, Sian Robinson
OBJECTIVE: To explore influences on diet in a group of community-dwelling older adults in the UK. DESIGN: Data were collected through focus group discussions with older people; discussions were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim and transcripts analysed thematically. SETTING: Hertfordshire, UK. SUBJECTS: Participants were sampled purposively from the Hertfordshire Cohort Study, focusing on those whose diets had been assessed at two time points: 1998-2001 and 2011...
July 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724301/sacred-space-and-the-healing-journey
#5
Paul L Alt
Sacred space and spirituality have long been used to heal the mind, body, and spirit. This article illuminates the origins of sacred space and its role as a healing environment from the first human construct, the burial mound, to the 5th Century BCE Greek healing city of Epidaurus. It then examines the role of spirituality as one of the necessary human institutions for a healthy society, according to the Italian philosopher Giambattista Vico. The conclusion then surveys three contemporary healing environments' architecture, the Department of Veteran Affairs Healing Environment Design Guideline (VAHEDG), and how these sacred spaces mend individual and community ailments...
July 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724298/definitions-of-healing-and-healing-interventions-across-different-cultures
#6
Ann H Lichtenstein, Ann Berger, M Jennifer Cheng
For centuries healing has been embedded in non-Western cultures. Traditional cultures believe that healing is derived from the divine and utilize a holistic approach to healing including the body, mind, and spirit. The community and environment are key elements in individual healing along with herbal remedies and ceremonies. Western cultures have accepted some traditional methods of relaxation and exercise, such as yoga and tai chi. In this paper we will examine some similar themes of traditional practices to better understand traditional patients' healing paradigm and find new tools as practitioners of Western medicine...
July 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722782/development-of-blueberry-liquor-influence-of-distillate-sweetener-and-fruit-quantity
#7
Ilda Caldeira, Daniel Lopes, Teresa Delgado, Sara Canas, Ofélia Anjos
BACKGROUND: In this work different formulations of blueberry liquor were tested and characterized based on their physicochemical and sensory characteristics. RESULTS: Three factors were evaluated: the distillate used to produce the liquor (wine spirit or grape marc spirit); the sweetener (white sugar or honey) and the fruit quantity (two doses). For each liquor, pH, total acidity, dry soluble solids content, dry extract, alcoholic strength, reducing sugars, colour intensity, methanol content, acetaldehyde and fusel alcohols were determined...
July 19, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722206/alcohol-consumption-and-risk-of-urothelial-cell-bladder-cancer-in-the-european-prospective-investigation-into-cancer-and-nutrition-cohort
#8
E Botteri, P Ferrari, N Roswall, A Tjønneland, A Hjartåker, J M Huerta, R T Fortner, A Trichopoulou, A Karakatsani, C La Vecchia, V Pala, A Perez-Cornago, E Sonestedt, F Liedberg, K Overvad, M J Sánchez, I T Gram, M Stepien, L Trijsburg, L Börje, M Johansson, T Kühn, S Panico, R Tumino, H B Bueno-de-Mesquita, E Weiderpass
Findings on the association between alcohol consumption and bladder cancer are inconsistent. We investigated that association in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition cohort. We included 476,160 individuals mostly aged 35-70 years, enrolled in ten countries and followed for 13.9 years on average. Hazard ratios (HR) for developing urothelial cell carcinoma (UCC; 1,802 incident cases) were calculated using Cox proportional hazards models. Alcohol consumption at baseline and over the life course was analyzed, as well as different types of beverages (beer, wine, spirits)...
July 19, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716617/dignity-therapy-and-life-review-for-palliative-care-patients-a-qualitative-study
#9
Dean Vuksanovic, Heather Green, Shirley Morrissey, Sharelle Smith
CONTEXT: Dignity Therapy (DT) is a psychotherapeutic intervention whose aim is to bolster the sense of purpose, meaning and sense of dignity in patients with terminal disease. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore, compare and better understand the content of standard DT, waitlist DT (WDT) and Life Review (LR) that utilised the DT interview protocol but omitted the creation of legacy documents. METHODS: Efficacy of these interventions was previously documented in a sample of 56 participants...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704238/perspectives-about-mental-health-illness-and-recovery
#10
Kuruthukulangara S Jacob
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Patient and physician perspectives about mental health, illness, and recovery, which affect different aspects of help seeking and healthcare, needs to be understood and theorized. RECENT FINDINGS: People seem to simultaneously hold multiple and contradictory illness beliefs and seek help from diverse sources of cure and healing. Explanatory models elicited at baseline do not predict outcomes of illness, change over time, and are dependent on the interaction between the trajectory of individual's illness and the sociocultural milieu...
July 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702941/an-application-of-partial-least-squares-for-identifying-dietary-patterns-in-bone-health
#11
Tiffany C Yang, Lorna S Aucott, Garry G Duthie, Helen M Macdonald
In a large cohort of older women, a mechanism-driven statistical technique for assessing dietary patterns that considers a potential nutrient pathway found two dietary patterns associated with lumbar spine and femoral neck bone mineral density. A "healthy" dietary pattern was observed to be beneficial for bone mineral density. INTRODUCTION: Dietary patterns represent a broader, more realistic representation of how foods are consumed, compared to individual food or nutrient analyses. Partial least-squares (PLS) is a data-reduction technique for identifying dietary patterns that maximizes correlation between foods and nutrients hypothesized to be on the path to disease, is more hypothesis-driven than previous methods, and has not been applied to the study of dietary patterns in relation to bone health...
December 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702737/the-relationship-of-anxiety-and-depression-to-subjective-well-being-in-a-mainland-chinese-sample
#12
Christopher Malone, Amy Wachholtz
This pilot study examines anxiety, depression, and well-being in a mainland Chinese sample and discusses the implications for mental health care. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Spiritual Well-being, and the Body Mind Spirit Well-Being Inventory were administered to 60 mainland China residents. Correlational analyses revealed significant relationships among depression, anxiety, and every domain of well-being except the faith domain. Levels of depression and anxiety are inversely related to levels of well-being in a mainland Chinese sample...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697374/counselor-competence-for-telephone-motivation-interviewing-addressing-lifestyle-change-among-dutch-older-adults
#13
Ilse Mesters, Hilde M van Keulen, Hein de Vries, Johannes Brug
Counselor competence in telephone Motivation Interviewing (MI) to change lifestyle behaviors in a primary care population was assessed using the Motivational Interviewing Treatment Integrity (MITI) rating system. Counselor behavior was evaluated by trained raters. Twenty minutes of a random sample of 336 MI sessions were coded representing 232 counselees. Ninety-four sessions (28%) were double coded to assess inter-rater agreement. The MI fidelity was examined by comparing the MI fidelity scores direction, empathy, spirit, % open questions, % complex reflections, reflections-to-questions ratio, % MI-adherent responses with the matching beginner proficiency MITI threshold...
July 6, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695258/environmental-impacts-and-recovery-after-the-hebei-spirit-oil-spill-in-korea
#14
U H Yim, J S Khim, M Kim, J-H Jung, W J Shim
The Hebei Spirit oil spill (HSOS) on December 7, 2007 was the worst oil spill recorded in Korea, with the release of approximately 10,900 tons of crude oil and 375 km of coastline polluted along the west coast of Korea. Cleanup operation was conducted by official and contract responders as well as volunteers for massive oil containment and removal of heavy accumulations of stranded oil. Together with the oil cleanup, a long-term environmental impact assessment (EIA) of the HSOS was initiated based on the Marine Environmental Management Act, which covers oil contamination in a multimedia environment, toxic effects on organisms, and ecosystem injury...
July 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695253/long-term-monitoring-of-pah-contamination-in-sediment-and-recovery-after-the-hebei-spirit-oil-spill
#15
Moonkoo Kim, Jee-Hyun Jung, Sung Yong Ha, Joon Geon An, Won Joon Shim, Un Hyuk Yim
Approximately 10,900 t of crude oil was released 10 km off the west coast of Korea after the collision between the oil tanker Hebei Spirit and a barge carrying a crane in December 2007. To assess the areal extent and temporal trends of PAH contamination, 428 sediment samples were collected from December 2007 through May 2015 for PAH analysis. Sedimentary PAH concentrations measured immediately after the spill ranged from 3.2 to 71,200 ng g(-1), with a mean of 3800 ng g(-1). Increases in PAH concentrations were observed at stations 7-23, which were heavily oiled due to tidal currents and northwesterly wind that transported the spilled oil to these locations...
July 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690673/professor-umberto-veronesi-a-physician-a-researcher-a-brilliant-man
#16
Ketti Mazzocco, Chiara Marzorati, Gabriella Pravettoni
Many of those who work in oncology or deal with cancer patients know of Prof. Umberto Veronesi and none of them could deny the importance of his battle against cancer. He devoted his life to improving cancer treatment and quality of life for patients. He was a physician, and a politician, but above all he was a researcher. He embodied the true spirit of research, i.e., to believe in something and investigate every aspect of it until all the questions about it have been satisfactorily answered. He never gave up when faced with challenges, and he never stopped being curious...
2017: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686129/centres-for-leadership-a-strategy-for-academic-integration
#17
Gillian King, Kathryn Parker, Sean Peacocke, C J Curran, Amy C McPherson, Tom Chau, Elaine Widgett, Darcy Fehlings, Golda Milo-Manson
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to describe how an Academic Health Science Centre, providing pediatric rehabilitation services, research, and education, developed a Centres for Leadership (CfL) initiative to integrate its academic functions and embrace the goal of being a learning organization. Design/methodology/approach Historical documents, tracked output information, and staff members' insights were used to describe the ten-year evolution of the initiative, its benefits, and transformational learnings for the organization...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682715/advancing-the-field-of-synthesis-scholarship-a-response-to-nicky-britten-and-colleagues
#18
Sally Thorne
Continuing the dialogue and debate on the relevance and value of qualitative metasynthesis research for the health fields, Thorne comments on some of the ideas raised by Britten and colleagues in response to her January 2017 Qualitative Health Research editorial on Metasynthetic Madness. Here she extends the debate on the terminology with which we refer to this kind of scholarly work and the kinds of research synthesis that hold potential for adding value to existing knowledge about matters of health and illness...
July 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682232/-history-of-the-montpellier-society-of-biology
#19
Jean-Pierre Bali
The provincial branch of Montpellier was officially created in April, 1956, that is to say if the gestation was long since the birth of the Society of Biology of Paris in 1848. During this long period, famous personalities of Montpellier in the field of biology and physiology came to Paris to present their work, published in the "Comptes Rendus des Séances de la Société de Biologie et de ses Filiales". Following its creation as a 1901 law public association, the provincial branch organized communication sessions, followed by thematic meetings on various topics, always in the spirit of Claude Bernard on the transversality of knowledge...
2017: Biologie Aujourd'hui
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680198/influence-of-decontaminating-agents-and-swipe-materials-on-laboratory-simulated-working-surfaces-wet-spilled-with-sodium-pertechnetate
#20
Suman Akchata, K Lavanya, Bhushan Shivanand
CONTEXT: Decontamination of various working surfaces with sodium pertechnetate minor spillage is essential for maintaining good radiation safety practices as well as for regulatory compliance. AIM: To observe the influences of decontaminating agents and swipe materials on different type of surfaces used in nuclear medicine laboratory work area wet spilled with 99m-technetium (99mTc) sodium pertechnetate. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Lab-simulated working surface materials...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine: IJNM: the Official Journal of the Society of Nuclear Medicine, India
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