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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051433/a-review-of-heavy-metal-concentration-and-potential-health-implications-of-beverages-consumed-in-nigeria
#1
REVIEW
Sylvester Chibueze Izah, Iniobong Reuben Inyang, Tariwari C N Angaye, Ifeoma Peace Okowa
Beverages are consumed in Nigeria irrespective of age, sex, and socioeconomic status. Beverages may be alcoholic (wine, spirits, and beers) or non-alcoholic (soft drink, energy drinks, candies, chocolates, milks). Notwithstanding, most beverages are packed in cans, bottles, and plastics. This paper reviews the concentration of heavy metals from some commercially-packaged beverages consumed in Nigeria. The study found that heavy metal concentrations, including iron, mercury, tin, antimony, cadmium, zinc, copper, chromium, lead, and manganese, seldom exceed the maximum contaminant level recommended by the Standard Organization of Nigeria (SON) and the World Health Organization (WHO) as applicable to drinking water resources...
December 22, 2016: Toxics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044350/a-singular-case-of-asphyxia-by-choking-on-a-handkerchief-accidental-event-or-suicide-to-shut-up-spirits
#2
A De Donno, M Marrone, V Santoro, A Ostuni, A Cassano, I Grattagliano, F Introna
Choking in adults can prove fatal, despite resuscitation attempts. The manner of death can be natural, homicide or accident. When a death is due to choking, one must consider what conditions contributed to or predisposed the person to choking (eg. alcohol, drugs and physical and mental impairments). Homicidal deaths by choking are relatively uncommon, being more frequently accidental. The diagnosis of death by choking is made at autopsy when the airway is found occluded. If the individual had an occluded airway and the object or food was removed during resuscitation, the only way to make the diagnosis would be on the history...
September 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041321/quantitative-microfluidic-delivery-based-on-an-optical-breakdown-driven-micro-pump-for-the-fabrication-of-fiber-functional-devices
#3
Kunjian Cao, Yi Liu, Shiliang Qu
An optical breakdown-driven micro-pump was reported to deliver the quantitative liquid to the fiber microstructure efficiently. The amount of the pumped liquid can be controlled by adjusting the irradiation time of the femtosecond laser pulses. Such a method of microfluidic delivery has potential for the fabrication of fiber functional devices and the rapid injection of analytes into a lab-in-fiber for chemical and biological analysis. As a demonstration, a fiber spirit level based on a mobile microbubble was achieved by pumping nanoliter scale liquid into a fiber micro-cavity with this method...
October 2, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040597/mendelian-randomization-a-novel-approach-for-the-prediction-of-adverse-drug-events-and-drug-repurposing-opportunities
#4
Venexia M Walker, George Davey Smith, Neil M Davies, Richard M Martin
Identification of unintended drug effects, specifically drug repurposing opportunities and adverse drug events, maximizes the benefit of a drug and protects the health of patients. However, current observational research methods are subject to several biases. These include confounding by indication, reverse causality and missing data. We propose that Mendelian randomization (MR) offers a novel approach for the prediction of unintended drug effects. In particular, we advocate the synthesis of evidence from this method and other approaches, in the spirit of triangulation, to improve causal inferences concerning drug effects...
October 11, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039800/high-ethanol-contents-of-spirit-drinks-in-kibera-slums-kenya-implications-for-public-health
#5
Alex O Okaru, Kennedy O Abuga, Isaac O Kibwage, Dirk W Lachenmeier
Cheap licit and artisanal illicit spirit drinks have been associated with numerous outbreaks of alcohol poisoning especially with methanol. This study aimed to evaluate the quality of cheap spirit drinks in Kibera slums in Nairobi County, Kenya. The samples consisted of cheap licit spirits (n = 11) and the artisanal spirit drink, 'chang'aa', (n = 28). The parameters of alcoholic strength and volatile composition were used as indicators of quality and were determined using gas chromatography with flame ionization detection (GC-FID) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) respectively...
October 17, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025949/genome-sequence-of-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-strain-kagoshima-no-2-used-for-brewing-the-japanese-distilled-spirit-sh%C3%A5-ch%C3%A5
#6
Kazuki Mori, Chihiro Kadooka, Chika Masuda, Ai Muto, Kayu Okutsu, Yumiko Yoshizaki, Kazunori Takamine, Taiki Futagami, Hisanori Tamaki
Here, we report a draft genome sequence of Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain Kagoshima no. 2, which is used for brewing shōchū, a traditional distilled spirit in Japan. The genome data will facilitate an understanding of the evolutional traits and genetic background related to the characteristic features of strain Kagoshima no. 2.
October 12, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025484/-it-makes-the-patient-s-spirit-weaker-tuberculosis-stigma-and-gender-interaction-in-dar-es-salaam-tanzania
#7
C Miller, J Huston, L Samu, S Mfinanga, P Hopewell, E Fair
SETTING: Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. OBJECTIVES: To describe tuberculosis (TB) related stigma and to understand how it interacts with gender to affect access to care. DESIGN: Eight focus group discussions were held among 48 TB patients and their household members, and a thematic content analysis was carried out. RESULTS: The main components of stigma were fear, self-isolation, ostracization, loss of status in the community, and discrimination by providers...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016718/population-alcohol-consumption-as-a-predictor-of-alcohol-specific-deaths-a-time-series-analysis-of-aggregate-data
#8
Kari Poikolainen, Timo Alanko
Aims: The study examines whether the number of alcohol-specific deaths can be predicted by population total and/or beverage-specific alcohol consumption and if, how precisely. The data are annual series of spirits, wine, beer and total consumption and alcohol-specific deaths in Finland in the years 1969-2015. Methods: We specify a Auto Regressive Distributed Lags model with cointegrated variables, to be used in prediction. In our model, the number of alcohol-specific deaths is the response variable, and log of spirits consumption and log of non-spirits consumption, are the explanatory variables...
August 21, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994481/unconscious-choice-the-dissociation-of-creative-animus-among-writers-and-psychotherapists
#9
Alison Clark
The paper argues that writers and psychotherapists are drawn to their work through the desire to remedy an unconscious sense of lack brought about by early relational trauma. Often, because of its origins in psychic pain, the connection between these individuals' beginnings and their profession remains largely dissociated. The theme is developed with reference to the idea of the wounded healer taken up by Jung. It is proposed that the original wound is also the crack that lets the light in: a dissociated tough spirit that can be channelled into discriminating countertransference and strong writing...
November 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994471/god-of-the-hinge-treating-lgbtqia-patients
#10
Annie Boland
This paper looks at systems of gender within the context of analysis. It explores the unique challenges of individuation faced by transsexual, transgender, gender queer, gender non-conforming, cross-dressing and intersex patients. To receive patients generously we need to learn how a binary culture produces profound and chronic trauma. These patients wrestle with being who they are whilst simultaneously receiving negative projections and feeling invisible. While often presenting with the struggles of gender conforming individuals, understanding the specifically gendered aspect of their identity is imperative...
November 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993373/wine-and-cardiovascular-health-a-comprehensive-review
#11
REVIEW
Sohaib Haseeb, Bryce Alexander, Adrian Baranchuk
Alcoholic beverages have been consumed for thousands of years, attracting great human interest for social, personal, and religious occasions. In addition, they have long been debated to confer cardioprotective benefits. The French Paradox is an observation of a low prevalence of ischemic heart disease, with high intakes of saturated fat, a phenomenon accredited to the consumption of red wine. Although many epidemiological investigations have supported this view, others have attributed it to beer or spirits, with many suggesting that the drink type is not important...
October 10, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993286/spirit-trial-a-phase-iii-pragmatic-trial-of-an-advance-care-planning-intervention-in-esrd
#12
Mi-Kyung Song, Mark L Unruh, Amita Manatunga, Laura C Plantinga, Janice Lea, Manisha Jhamb, Abhijit V Kshirsagar, Sandra E Ward
Advance care planning (ACP) is a central tenet of dialysis care, but the vast majority of dialysis patients report never engaging in ACP discussions with their care providers. Over the last decade, we have developed and iteratively tested SPIRIT (Sharing Patient's Illness Representation to Increase Trust), a theory-based, patient- and family-centered advance care planning intervention. SPIRIT is a six-step, two-session, face-to-face intervention to promote cognitive and emotional preparation for end-of-life decision making for patients with ESRD and their surrogates...
October 6, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990541/associations-of-dietary-patterns-with-bone-mass-muscle-strength-and-balance-in-a-cohort-of-australian-middle-aged-women
#13
Feitong Wu, Karen Wills, Laura L Laslett, Brian Oldenburg, Graeme Jones, Tania Winzenberg
Influences of dietary patterns on musculoskeletal health are poorly understood in middle-aged women. This cross-sectional analysis from a cohort of 347 women (aged 36-57 years) aimed to examine associations between dietary patterns and musculoskeletal health outcomes in middle-aged women. Diet was measured by the Cancer Council of Victoria FFQ. Total body bone mineral content (TB BMC), femoral neck and lumbar spine bone density (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry), lower limbs muscle strength (LMS) and balance tests (timed up and go test, step test, functional reach test (FRT) and lateral reach test) were also measured...
October 9, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981182/development-and-psychometric-testing-the-health-of-body-mind-and-spirit-scale-hbmss-for-assessing-individuals-who-have-drug-abuse-histories
#14
Fan-Ko Sun, Chun-Ying Chiang, Chu-Yun Lu, Pei-Jane Yu, Tzu-Chiao Liao, Chu-Mei Lan
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to develop the Health of Body, Mind and Spirit Scale (HBMSS), which was designed to assess drug abusers' health condition. BACKGROUND: Helping drug abusers to become healthy is important to healthcare professionals. However, no instrument exists to assess drug abusers' state of health. DESIGN: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was implemented to examine the validity of the HBMSS. METHODS: Data were collected from 2015 to 2016 at one drug abuse prevention centre in Taiwan...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980297/remote-ischemic-preconditioning-of-human-myocardium-ripe-study-protocol-for-a-double-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Marek A Deja, Ryszard Wiaderkiewicz, Piotr Czekaj, Ewa Czech, Marcin Malinowski, Leszek Machej, Andrzej Węglarzy, Adam Kowalówka, Magda Piekarska, Bartosz Szurlej, Tomasz Latusek
BACKGROUND: Remote preconditioning was showed to be a potent protective phenomenon in many animals. Several studies aimed to demonstrate it was feasible in humans by trying to show its protective effect during cardiac surgery. Of these studies some small studies and one bigger trial were positive while two other bigger studies showed no effectiveness of remote preconditioning as assessed by levels of postoperatively released cardiac markers. Recently two large clinical trials also failed to prove the benefit of remote preconditioning in cardiac surgery...
October 5, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977223/knowledge-and-practice-in-mental-health-nursing-care
#16
Teresa Cristina da Silva Kurimoto, Claudia Maria de Mattos Penna, Débora Isane Ratner Kirschbaum Nitkin
Objective: To understand mental health nursing care based on the concept of the subject of the unconscious proposed by Lacan. Method: A narrative study was carried out with 19 nurses, chosen based on their theoretical approach or referral by other participants, through the snowball sampling technique. The interviews were carried out in person or digitally, and were recorded and fully transcribed. Results: The analysis was carried out based on Freudian and Lacanian psychoanalysis, approaching nursing care as it acts on the body, secretions, and excretions, to distinguish it from the spirit of fineness...
September 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977125/south-south-cooperation-in-health-bringing-in-theory-politics-history-and-social-justice
#17
Anne-Emanuelle Birn, Carles Muntaner, Zabia Afzal
Since the mid-2000s, the practice of South-South cooperation in health (SSC) has attracted growing attention among policymakers, health and foreign affairs ministries, global health agencies, and scholars from a range of fields. But the South-South label elucidates little about the actual content of the cooperation and conflates the "where" with the "who, what, how, and why". While there have been some attempts to theorize global health diplomacy and South-South cooperation generally, these efforts do not sufficiently distinguish among the different kinds of practices and political values that fall under the South-South rubric, ranging from economic and geopolitical interests to social justice forms of solidarity...
October 2, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976917/ten-years-of-simulation-in-healthcare-a-thematic-analysis-of-editorials
#18
Debra Nestel
In this commentary, I review 38 articles published as editorials in Simulation in Healthcare from inception to April 2016. Of the 27 authors, there was a predominance of medical doctors (63%), male authors (67%), and work originating in the United States (86%). The founding Editor-in-Chief Dr David Gaba contributed to half of the editorials. Using inductive thematic analysis, the following five themes were identified: "embedding" simulation, simulation responding to clinical practice, educational considerations for simulation, research practices, and communicating leadership and scholarship about the community...
October 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975473/why-are-there-so-few-ethics-consults-in-children-s-hospitals
#19
Brian Carter, Manuel Brockman, Jeremy Garrett, Angie Knackstedt, John Lantos
In most children's hospitals, there are very few ethics consultations, even though there are many ethically complex cases. We hypothesize that the reason for this may be that hospitals develop different mechanisms to address ethical issues and that many of these mechanisms are closer in spirit to the goals of the pioneers of clinical ethics than is the mechanism of a formal ethics consultation. To show how this is true, we first review the history of collaboration between philosophers and physicians about clinical dilemmas...
October 3, 2017: HEC Forum: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Hospitals' Ethical and Legal Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974014/the-effect-of-different-starch-liberation-and-saccharification-methods-on-the-microbial-contaminations-of-distillery-mashes-fermentation-efficiency-and-spirits-quality
#20
Katarzyna Pielech-Przybylska, Maria Balcerek, Agnieszka Nowak, Maciej Wojtczak, Agata Czyżowska, Urszula Dziekońska-Kubczak, Piotr Patelski
The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of different starch liberation and saccharification methods on microbiological contamination of distillery mashes. Moreover, the effect of hop α-acid preparation for protection against microbial infections was assessed. The quality of agricultural distillates was also evaluated. When applying the pressureless liberation of starch (PLS) and malt as a source of amylolytic enzymes, the lactic acid bacteria count in the mashes increased several times during fermentation...
September 30, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
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