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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672179/high-alcohol-content-flavored-alcoholic-beverages-supersized-alcopops-should-be-reclassified-to-reduce-public-health-hazard
#1
Matthew E Rossheim, Dennis L Thombs, Ryan D Treffers
In the US, underage drinkers often consume supersized alcopop - a high-alcohol-content, ready-to-drink flavored alcoholic beverage that is currently regulated as beer. However, calculations in this paper illustrate how the high alcohol by volume and low price of supersized alcopops suggest that they rely on a larger proportion of additives for their alcohol content than permitted to meet the legal definition for beer. From a public safety perspective, it is urgently important that the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau assess the formulation of supersized alcopops - specifically, the percent of alcohol in the finished product that is derived from additives...
April 19, 2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657694/pattern-of-alcohol-consumption-among-men-consumers-in-kerman-iran
#2
Saeed Samadi, Mohammad Reza Baneshi, Ali Akbar Haghdoost
Background: Alcohol consumption is a potential risk factor with acute and chronic health consequences and social impacts, which is more prominent among men. There is no precise statistics on the scope of alcohol consumption in Iran; however, there is some evidences showing an increasing trend, particularly among young generation. In order to evaluate the scope of this issue in Kerman, a large city in the south-east of Iran, this exploratory study was designed to approach a group of people having an experience of alcohol use in 2014...
July 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656396/langston-m-w-langston-k-j-2016-a-journey-to-hope-healing-the-traumatized-spirit-silverton-or-lampion-press-224-pp-15-95
#3
REVIEW
James E Tille
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648496/the-wisdom-of-thai-indigenous-healers-for-the-spiritual-healing-of-fractures
#4
Siriratana Juntaramano, Janerawee Swangareeruk, Tanida Khunboonchan
AIMS: The aim of this study was to explore the wisdom of Thai indigenous healers (IHs) for physical and spiritual healing and their treatment process for fractures. METHOD: Twelve IHs from four regions of Thailand were selected using cluster and purposive sampling. They were interviewed on their methods for treating fractures. The Colaizzi method was used for analysis, and we returned to the IHs for validity confirmation. FINDINGS: The wisdom of IHs is believed to be inherited from ancestors and from a "sixth sense," their former teacher's spirit...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644798/the-sociological-ethic-and-the-spirit-of-power-reflections-on-the-possibility-of-a-value-neutrality-and-its-consequences-for-sociology
#5
Dean Ray
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2018: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642878/the-problem-of-suicide-among-amerindians-in-camopi-trois-sauts-french-guiana-2008-2015
#6
Rémi Pacot, Basma Garmit, Marianne Pradem, Mathieu Nacher, Paul Brousse
BACKGROUND: Suicide within the Amerindian community of Camopi (1741 inhabitants) in French Guiana has been an increasing problem widely reported in the media leading the French Government to mandate a parliamentary mission to investigate the matter. The purpose of the study was to describe this phenomenon and identify factors associated with suicide attempts. METHODS: A retrospective observational study was conducted from the health centers' medical records. All suicide attempts and suicides committed between 2008 and 2015 by Amerindians living in Camopi and Trois Sauts were compiled...
April 11, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629909/exploring-nurse-manager-support-of-evidence-based-practice-clinical-nurse-perceptions
#7
Laura Caramanica, LeeAnna Spiva
OBJECTIVE: The study identifies what constitutes nurse manager (NM) support and other resources that enable clinical nurses (CNs) to engage in evidence-based practice (EBP). BACKGROUND: Clinical nurses report that NM support enables them to use EBP but what constitutes NM support is still unclear. METHODS: Nurse managers, CNs, and EBP mentors received specialized education and use a team approach for EBP. Data were collected preintervention, mid-intervention, and postintervention from observations, interviews, journaling, and surveys...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629061/depression-from-the-perspective-of-modern-and-persian-medicine
#8
Majid Anushiravani, Ali Akhondpour Manteghi, Ali Taghipur, Mahdi Eslami
Background: Depression is one of the five most-common diseases globally, and is expected to be the second leading cause of disability by 2020 and its economic and social burden is a major problem worldwide. Objective: The aim of this research was to elucidate the causes and symptoms of depression according to Persian Medicine (PM) and classic medicine. Methods: In this study, works that were investigated were the Canon of Medicine , Al-Hawi Fi Teb , Kamel Al-Sina'a , Zakhireh Kharazmshahi and Exir A'azam ...
February 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629052/cosmic-rays-as-a-novel-hypothetic-explanation-for-the-ancient-mentioned-effects-of-sleeping-under-the-night-sky
#9
Farshad Amini-Behbahani, Jafar Ghafarzadeh
Traditional medicine scientists believed that sleeping under the stars and moonlight is not healthy because it brings about nose bleeds and respiratory problems. In Avicenna's view, the spirit and its tendency to the light are introduced as main etiology, which cannot explain star light as a proper etiology. In modern knowledge, it seems cosmic rays that reach our planet's atmosphere by electron cascade, play a key role. Internal organs' electrical charge distribution disturbance caused by these electrons can lead to irregular spasms in the muscular walls of arteries and other organs...
February 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628363/mind-and-spirit-hypnagogia-and-religious-experience
#10
Adam J Powell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627999/moral-competence-among-nurses-in-malawi-a-concept-analysis-approach
#11
Veronica Mary Maluwa, Elizabeth Gwaza, Betty Sakala, Esnath Kapito, Ruth Mwale, Clara Haruzivishe, Ellen Chirwa
BACKGROUND: Nurses are expected to provide comprehensive, holistic and ethically accepted care according to their code of ethics and practice. However, in Malawi, this is not always the case. This article analyses moral competence concept using the Walker and Avant's strategy of concept analysis. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to analyse moral competence concept in relation to nursing practice and determine defining attributes, antecedents and consequences of moral competence in nursing practice...
January 1, 2018: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625298/edna-based-bioassessment-of-coastal-sediments-impacted-by-an-oil-spill
#12
Yuwei Xie, Xiaowei Zhang, Jianghua Yang, Seonjin Kim, Seongjin Hong, John P Giesy, Un Hyuk Yim, Won Joon Shim, Hongxia Yu, Jong Seong Khim
Oil spills offshore can cause long-term ecological effects on coastal marine ecosystems. Despite their important ecological roles in the cycling of energy and nutrients in food webs, effects on bacteria, protists or arthropods are often neglected. Environmental DNA (eDNA) metabarcoding was applied to characterize changes in the structure of micro- and macro-biota communities of surface sediments over a 7-year period since the occurrence of Hebei Spirit oil spill on December 7, 2007. Alterations in diversities and structures of micro- and macro-biota were observed in the contaminated area where concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons were greater...
April 3, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622617/genomic-sequence-of-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-baw-6-a-yeast-strain-optimal-for-brewing-barley-shochu
#13
Yasuhiro Kajiwara, Kazuki Mori, Kosuke Tashiro, Yujiro Higuchi, Kaoru Takegawa, Hideharu Takashita
Here, we report the draft genome sequence of Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain BAW-6, which is used for the production of barley shochu, a traditional Japanese spirit. This genomic information can be used to elucidate the genetic basis underlying the high alcohol production capacity and citric acid tolerance of shochu yeast.
April 5, 2018: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621977/occupational-exposure-to-petroleum-based-and-oxygenated-solvents-and-hypopharyngeal-and-laryngeal-cancer-in-france-the-icare-study
#14
Christine Barul, Matthieu Carton, Loredana Radoï, Gwenn Menvielle, Corinne Pilorget, Simona Bara, Isabelle Stücker, Danièle Luce
BACKGROUND: To examine associations between occupational exposure to petroleum-based and oxygenated solvents and the risk of hypopharyngeal and laryngeal cancer. METHODS: ICARE is a large, frequency-matched population-based case-control study conducted in France. Lifetime occupational history, tobacco smoking and alcohol consumption were collected. Analyses were restricted to men and included 383 cases of hypopharyngeal cancer, 454 cases of laryngeal cancer, and 2780 controls...
April 5, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611610/prevalence-of-skin-diseases-amongst-moroccan-fishermen
#15
Omar Laraqui, Nadia Manar, Salwa Laraqui, Tarik Ghailan, Frédéric Deschamps, Reda Hammouda, Chakib El Houssine Laraqui
BACKGROUND: The main objective was to evaluate the prevalence of skin diseases amongst fishermen, to specify the different clinical forms, associations and most frequent localisations, and to identify potential aetiological factors. The secondary objectives were to assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices of seafarers regarding occupational dermatoses to conduct information, awareness and education campaigns on risk factors and behaviours and to propose adapted prevention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional survey involved 1102 artisanal fishermen who attended the annual legal medical consultation at the occupational health service...
2018: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607377/targeted-therapy-induced-facial-skin-toxicities-impact-on-quality-of-life-in-cancer-patients
#16
Kaori Yagasaki, Hiroko Komatsu, Kenzo Soejima, Katsuhiko Naoki, Ichiro Kawada, Hiroyuki Yasuda, Yasuo Hamamoto
Objective: Targeted therapy-induced facial skin toxicities may reduce overall quality of life (QoL) in cancer patients. We investigated whether facial skin toxicities affect QoL and attempted to identify factors related to QoL in patients with advanced/recurrent cancer. Methods: We performed a cross-sectional study in 34 outpatients with advanced/recurrent cancer showing targeted therapy-induced facial skin toxicities in Japan between November 2016 and February 2017...
April 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604773/note-a-unibody-nir-transmission-probe-for-in-situ-liquid-detection
#17
Huijie Wang, Yang Wang, Xiangyun Ma, Yang Zhao, Da Chen, Wenliang Chen, Kexin Xu, Qifeng Li
The transmission probe is widely used for in situ spectroscopic detection in various fields. Conventional transmission probes are always assembled from parts, which require accurate assembly and good sealing. In this paper, a universal and reliable near-infrared (NIR) transmission probe is proposed, which is simply made up of a unibody fused silica rod. The proposed NIR transmission probe has been successfully used to measure the alcohol by volume of the Chinese spirit for quality control. This unibody NIR transmission probe has great potential for the detection of corrosive substances, owing to the good chemical resistance...
March 2018: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596163/chapter-3-the-european-society-for-paediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition-in-recent-years
#18
Berthold Koletzko, Raanan Shamir, Ilse Broekaert, Riccardo Troncone
The European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition has experienced an amazing development in the 50 years of its existence. It grew from a small group of 36 friends who held an informal meeting with some 20 oral presentations to share and discuss their clinical and research work, to a large, multiprofessional society that sets widely recognized standards for clinical care and policy and hosts the world's largest congress of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition with more than 4500 delegates from 100 countries...
April 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595342/lifetime-alcohol-intake-and-pattern-of-alcohol-consumption-in-patients-with-alcohol-induced-pancreatitis-in-comparison-with-patients-with-alcohol-use-disorder
#19
Jon Juliusson Sigurdur, Jon Kristinn Nielsen, Valgerdur Runarsdottir, Ingunn Hansdottir, Ragna Sigurdardottir, Einar S Björnsson
OBJECTIVE: To examine lifetime drinking patterns in men and women with alcohol-induced pancreatitis (AIP) in comparison with patients with alcoholic use disorder (AUD) without pancreatic disease. METHODS: Alcohol consumption patterns were assessed using a validated questionnaire, the Lifetime Drinking History (LDH), during an outpatient visit. Patients diagnosed with AIP were matched for gender and age (+/- 5 years) with patients with AUD in addiction treatment...
March 29, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593910/patients-and-health-professionals-experiences-of-using-virtual-reality-technology-for-upper-limb-training-after-stroke-a-qualitative-substudy
#20
Hanne Pallesen, Mette Brændstrup Andersen, Gunhild Mo Hansen, Camilla Biering Lundquist, Iris Brunner
Background: In recent years, virtual reality (VR) therapy systems for upper limb training after stroke have been increasingly used in clinical practice. Therapy systems employing VR technology can enhance the intensity of training and can also boost patients' motivation by adding a playful element to therapy. However, reports on user experiences are still scarce. Methods: A qualitative investigation of patients' and therapists' perspectives on VR upper limb training...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
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