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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469116/teen-spirit-in-the-lab
#1
Chris Woolston
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 22, 2018: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465747/antibiotics-for-treating-gonorrhoea-in-pregnancy
#2
REVIEW
Gabriella Comunián-Carrasco, Guiomar E Peña-Martí, Arturo J Martí-Carvajal
BACKGROUND: Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted infection that is caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and is a major public health challenge today. N gonorrhoeae can be transmitted from the mother's genital tract to the newborn during birth, and can cause gonococcal ophthalmia neonatorum as well as systemic neonatal infections. It can also cause endometritis and pelvic sepsis in the mother. This review updates and replaces an earlier Cochrane Review on antibiotics for treating this infectious condition...
February 21, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461991/technology-s-role-in-quality-improvement-and-operational-efficiency
#3
Judy Blauwet, Mandy Bell
Technology for technology's sake is never a good idea. There must be a purpose behind it. It must help us do our jobs better. Technology allows healthcare to remain affordable and, as such, accessible. Technology must increase access to care, improve safety, make test results more reliable, and help teams communicate better for a seamless care experience.Avera Health, a health system based in Sioux Falls, South Dakota, comprises 330 facilities in 100 communities in five states. Sponsored by the Benedictine and Presentation Sisters, Avera is a healthcare ministry whose employees deliver high-quality care with compassion...
April 2018: Frontiers of Health Services Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459389/tobacco-industry-misappropriation-of-american-indian-culture-and-traditional-tobacco
#4
Joanne D'Silva, Erin O'Gara, Nicole T Villaluz
OBJECTIVE: Describe the extent to which tobacco industry marketing tactics incorporated American Indian culture and traditional tobacco. METHODS: A keyword search of industry documents was conducted using document archives from the Truth Tobacco Documents Library. Tobacco industry documents (n=76) were analysed for themes. RESULTS: Tobacco industry marketing tactics have incorporated American Indian culture and traditional tobacco since at least the 1930s, with these tactics prominently highlighted during the 1990s with Natural American Spirit cigarettes...
February 19, 2018: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455529/differentiation-of-rums-produced-from-sugar-cane-juice-rhum-agricole-from-rums-manufactured-from-sugar-cane-molasses-by-a-metabolomics-approach
#5
Laura Franitza, Luca Nicolotti, Michael Granvogl, Peter Schieberle
A large set of volatiles (a metabolome) was isolated by SAFE distillation from twenty-five high priced rums prepared from sugar cane juice (SCJ) and twenty-six high priced rums manufactured from sugar cane molasses (SCM). The volatile fractions were first analyzed by comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC×GC-TOF-MS) and the 'comprehensive template matching fingerprinting' was used to extract the entire features present in the respective set of volatile compounds...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450221/drinking-game-participation-gender-performance-and-normalization-of-intoxication-among-nigerian-university-students
#6
Emeka Dumbili, Clare Williams
Background: Most research on drinking games (DGs) and the associated risks focuses on Western countries. In the Nigerian context, DGs activity has not attracted scholarly attention but growing media reports indicate that Nigerian youths play DGs, and that a number of gamers have died during or immediately after game-playing. Methods: Drawing on gender performance scripts, we explored the performance of gender through DGs practices and the factors that motivate DGs participation...
June 2017: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448941/traditional-healing-practices-in-rural-bangladesh-a-qualitative-investigation
#7
Md Imdadul Haque, A B M Alauddin Chowdhury, Md Shahjahan, Md Golam Dostogir Harun
BACKGROUND: Traditional healing practice is an important and integral part of healthcare systems in almost all countries of the world. Very few studies have addressed the holistic scenario of traditional healing practices in Bangladesh, although these serve around 80% of the ailing people. This study explored distinctive forms of traditional healing practices in rural Bangladesh. METHODS: During July to October 2007, the study team conducted 64 unstructured interviews, and 18 key informant interviews with traditional healers and patients from Bhabanipur and Jobra, two adjacent villages in Chittagong district, Bangladesh...
February 15, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445066/epidemiology-of-pediatric-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-at-school-an-investigation-of-a-nationwide-registry-in-japan
#8
Kosuke Kiyohara, Junya Sado, Tetsuhisa Kitamura, Mamoru Ayusawa, Masahiko Nitta, Taku Iwami, Ken Nakata, Yasuto Sato, Noriko Kojimahara, Naohito Yamaguchi, Tomotaka Sobue, Yuri Kitamura
BACKGROUND: A better understanding of the epidemiology of pediatric out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) occurring in school settings is important to establish an evidence-based strategy for prevention and better prognosis.Methods and Results:The Stop and Prevent cardIac aRrest, Injury, and Trauma in Schools (SPIRITS) is a nationwide prospective observational study linking databases from 2 nationally representative registries, the Injury and the Accident Mutual Aid Benefit System of The Japan Sport Council and the All-Japan Utstein Registry of the Fire and Disaster Management Agency...
February 15, 2018: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441821/to-be-immortal-do-good-or-evil
#9
Kurt Gray, Stephen Anderson, Cameron M Doyle, Neil Hester, Peter Schmitt, Andrew J Vonasch, Scott T Allison, Joshua C Jackson
Many people believe in immortality, but who is perceived to live on and how exactly do they live on? Seven studies reveal that good- and evil-doers are perceived to possess more immortality-albeit different kinds. Good-doers have "transcendent" immortality, with their souls persisting beyond space and time; evil-doers have "trapped" immortality, with their souls persisting on Earth, bound to a physical location. Studies 1 to 4 reveal bidirectional links between perceptions of morality and type of immortality...
February 1, 2018: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439243/atomic-structures-of-low-complexity-protein-segments-reveal-kinked-%C3%AE-sheets-that-assemble-networks
#10
Michael P Hughes, Michael R Sawaya, David R Boyer, Lukasz Goldschmidt, Jose A Rodriguez, Duilio Cascio, Lisa Chong, Tamir Gonen, David S Eisenberg
Subcellular membraneless assemblies are a reinvigorated area of study in biology, with spirited scientific discussions on the forces between the low-complexity protein domains within these assemblies. To illuminate these forces, we determined the atomic structures of five segments from protein low-complexity domains associated with membraneless assemblies. Their common structural feature is the stacking of segments into kinked β sheets that pair into protofilaments. Unlike steric zippers of amyloid fibrils, the kinked sheets interact weakly through polar atoms and aromatic side chains...
February 9, 2018: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436805/la-vision-des-soins-port%C3%A3-e-par-l%C3%A3-onie-chaptal%C3%A2-une-erreur-strat%C3%A3-gique-dans-le-d%C3%A3-veloppement-de-la-discipline-des-sciences-infirmi%C3%A3-res-en-france
#11
Jean-Marie Januel
The issue of the development of the discipline displayed by nursing sciences in France is crucial, especially since the Law of Modernization of the Health System has established a legal framework for advanced practice since 2016. This article presents a discussion on the important role that Léonie Chaptal has played in the development of nursing care in France, based on a purely professional vision, guaranteeing the subordination of the nurses to the medical physicians the in the spirit of the law of November 30, 1892 which had established a stranglehold of medical profession on health...
February 2, 2018: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433466/problem-drinking-among-flemish-students-beverage-type-early-drinking-onset-and-negative-personal-social-consequences
#12
Sara De Bruyn, Edwin Wouters, Koen Ponnet, Joris Van Damme, Lea Maes, Guido Van Hal
BACKGROUND: Although alcohol is socially accepted in most Western societies, studies are clear about its associated negative consequences, especially among university and college students. Studies on the relationship between alcohol-related consequences and both beverage type and drinking onset, however, are scarce, especially in a European context. The aim of this research was, therefore, twofold: (1) What is the relationship between beverage type and the negative consequences experienced by students? and (2) Are these consequences determined by early drinking onset? We will examine these questions within the context of a wide range of alcohol-related consequences...
February 12, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432516/survey-estimates-of-changes-in-alcohol-use-patterns-following-the-2012-privatization-of-the-washington-liquor-monopoly
#13
William C Kerr, Edwina Williams, Yu Ye, Meenakshi Sabina Subbaraman, Thomas K Greenfield
Aims: The US state of Washington's 333 state-run liquor stores were privatized on 1 June 2012 and purchases began in ~1500 licensed stores of a variety of types. A regime of taxes and fees was implemented to replace the revenues generated by the state stores and, 1 year later, the beer tax was reduced by two thirds. This study evaluates the impact of these changes on total alcohol and spirits consumption in a retrospective pre-test design. Methods: The study sample consists of 2289 adults recruited in three cross-sectional surveys during 2014 and 2015...
February 8, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426121/the-impact-of-human-activities-and-lifestyles-on-the-interlinked-microbiota-and-health-of-humans-and-of-ecosystems
#14
REVIEW
Lucette Flandroy, Theofilos Poutahidis, Gabriele Berg, Gerard Clarke, Maria-Carlota Dao, Ellen Decaestecker, Eeva Furman, Tari Haahtela, Sébastien Massart, Hubert Plovier, Yolanda Sanz, Graham Rook
Plants, animals and humans, are colonized by microorganisms (microbiota) and transiently exposed to countless others. The microbiota affects the development and function of essentially all organ systems, and contributes to adaptation and evolution, while protecting against pathogenic microorganisms and toxins. Genetics and lifestyle factors, including diet, antibiotics and other drugs, and exposure to the natural environment, affect the composition of the microbiota, which influences host health through modulation of interrelated physiological systems...
February 3, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422150/traditional-practices-for-maternal-and-newborn-care-among-turkish-postpartum-women
#15
Simge Zeyneloğlu, Sezer Kısa
AIM: Researchers used descriptive study design to examine the traditional practices of women in relation to maternal and newborn care in the postpartum period. METHODS: 523 postpartum women included who were between 15 and 49years of age, had at least one child, and had no medical complications that affect the mother-infant health. A questionnaire was used to collect data. Comparisons were made between the responses about the women's knowledge of traditional practices and other variables...
February 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417476/qi-fu-yin-a-ming-dynasty-prescription-for-the-treatment-of-dementia
#16
REVIEW
Wei-Yi Ong, Ya-Jun Wu, Tahira Farooqui, Akhlaq A Farooqui
The Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) theory that "kidneys give rise to marrow, and the brain is the sea of marrow" has been a guide for the clinical application of kidney, qi and blood tonics for prevention and treatment of dementia and improvement in memory. As low resistance end-organs, both the brain and the kidneys are subjected to blood flow of high volumes throughout the cardiac cycle. Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia are two common causes of dementia, and it is increasingly recognized that many older adults with dementia have both AD and vascular pathologies...
February 7, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417396/black-male-mental-health-and-the-black-church-advancing-a-collaborative-partnership-and-research-agenda
#17
Michael A Robinson, Sharon Jones-Eversley, Sharon E Moore, Joseph Ravenell, A Christson Adedoyin
This article explores the role the Black Church could play in facilitating spiritually sensitive, culturally relevant and gender-specific services to address the mental health and well-being of Black males. The help-seeking behaviors of Black men are examined as the authors offer two theories: the body, mind, spirit, environment, social, transcendent, and health, illness, men, and masculinities that may assist the Black Church in functioning as an effective support networks for healthy Black male mental health...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415857/exploration-of-treatment-matching-of-problem-drinker-characteristics-to-motivational-interviewing-and-non-directive-client-centered-psychotherapy
#18
Alexis Kuerbis, Jessica Houser, Svetlana Levak, Sijing Shao, Jon Morgenstern
Motivational Interviewing (MI) is a known effective intervention for alcohol use disorder (AUD). MI's mechanisms of action remain inconsistently substantiated, and research in this area has been reliant on identifying relationships through strength of association rather than experimental manipulation of active ingredients. In two previous studies, a pilot and a larger replication study, we disaggregated MI into its hypothesized active ingredients by creating three conditions: MI, Spirit Only MI (SOMI, in which evocation of change talk was proscribed), and a non-therapy condition (NTC)...
March 2018: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412284/the-free-spirit-spiritualism-meanings-by-a-nursing-team-on-psychiatry
#19
Gabriel Lavorato-Neto, Larissa Rodrigues, Egberto Ribeiro Turato, Claudinei José Gomes Campos
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the meanings attributed by nursing professionals in psychiatry to spirituality and its relationship with care. METHOD: Clinical-qualitative, with appreciation of symbolic meanings. We interviewed 18 individuals for a semi-structured script of open questions and the data were analyzed in the light of psychoanalytic hermeneutics. The discussion was undertaken with the overlap of understanding of the sacred symbol, psychological and the meaning of life...
March 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411037/guidelines-for-inclusion-of-patient-reported-outcomes-in-clinical-trial-protocols-the-spirit-pro-extension
#20
Melanie Calvert, Derek Kyte, Rebecca Mercieca-Bebber, Anita Slade, An-Wen Chan, Madeleine T King, Amanda Hunn, Andrew Bottomley, Antoine Regnault, An-Wen Chan, Carolyn Ells, Daniel O'Connor, Dennis Revicki, Donald Patrick, Doug Altman, Ethan Basch, Galina Velikova, Gary Price, Heather Draper, Jane Blazeby, Jane Scott, Joanna Coast, Josephine Norquist, Julia Brown, Kirstie Haywood, Laura Lee Johnson, Lisa Campbell, Lori Frank, Maria von Hildebrand, Michael Brundage, Michael Palmer, Paul Kluetz, Richard Stephens, Robert M Golub, Sandra Mitchell, Trish Groves
Importance: Patient-reported outcome (PRO) data from clinical trials can provide valuable evidence to inform shared decision making, labeling claims, clinical guidelines, and health policy; however, the PRO content of clinical trial protocols is often suboptimal. The SPIRIT (Standard Protocol Items: Recommendations for Interventional Trials) statement was published in 2013 and aims to improve the completeness of trial protocols by providing evidence-based recommendations for the minimum set of items to be addressed, but it does not provide PRO-specific guidance...
February 6, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
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