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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785704/the-role-of-adolescent-victimization-in-energy-drink-consumption-monitoring-the-future-2010-2016
#1
Dylan B Jackson, Wanda E Leal, Chad Posick, Michael G Vaughn, Myrah Olivan
Energy drinks have been linked to a number of deleterious health outcomes among youth. Even so, the underlying risk factors for energy drink consumption among youth are less frequently examined. The present study examines the link between adolescent victimization experiences (i.e., property and violent victimization) and energy drink consumption among a nationally representative sample of adolescents. We employed the seven most recent cohorts (2010-2016) from the Monitoring the Future (MTF) study. A multi-stage random sampling technique was used to acquire the U...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771544/the-effects-of-alcohol-on-positive-emotion-during-a-comedy-routine-a-facial-coding-analysis
#2
Michael A Sayette, Kasey G Creswell, Catharine E Fairbairn, John D Dimoff, Katlin Bentley, Talya Lazerus
There is considerable interest in understanding the emotional effects of alcohol. While a great deal of experimental research has focused on alcohol's ability to relieve negative emotions, there has been far less focus on the effects of alcohol on positive emotions. Further, the available research on positive emotion tends to test alcohol while participants are alone. Yet alcohol is often consumed in social settings, and enhancing social pleasure is consistently identified as being a primary motive for drinking...
May 17, 2018: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766595/highly-deficient-alcohol-health-warning-labels-in-a-high-income-country-with-a-voluntary-system
#3
Georges Tinawi, Tessa Gray, Thomas Knight, Chayce Glass, Nina Domanski, Nick Wilson, Janet Hoek, George Thomson
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: To examine the prevalence and design elements of the voluntary health warning labels and related industry initiatives on a purposive sample of alcoholic beverage containers sold in New Zealand (NZ), a country with no mandatory health warning labels. DESIGN AND METHODS: We selected a purposive (e.g. low-cost) sample of 59 local and imported beers, wines and ready-to-drink alcoholic beverage containers available in NZ in 2016-2017. We documented the occurrence, content, size, appearance and position of messages concerning drinking during pregnancy, drink-driving, other health effects and industry-led initiatives that could relate to warnings; and collected data about alcohol content, standard drinks, ingredients and energy information...
May 15, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766286/attenuation-of-the-association-between-sugar-sweetened-beverages-and-diabetes-risk-by-adiposity-adjustment-a-secondary-analysis-of-national-health-survey-data
#4
Yi Jing, Thang S Han, Majid M Alkhalaf, Michael E J Lean
PURPOSE: While weight gain and obesity are the dominant factors, dietary sugar and specifically sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) has been implicated in causing type 2 diabetes (T2DM). We assessed how much of the apparent effect of SSB is explained by adiposity, but not captured by adjustment for BMI, which is a poor index of body fat. METHODS: We examined data from 5187 adults (mean age 50.8 years, SD = 16.4, 172 (3.3%) T2DM), from the Scottish Health Survey 2003 and 2008-2010 databases...
May 15, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761318/association-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages-consumption-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Farzaneh Asgari-Taee, Nahid Zerafati-Shoae, Mohsen Dehghani, Masoumeh Sadeghi, Hamid R Baradaran, Shima Jazayeri
PURPOSE: The relationship between consumption of sugar sweetened beverages (SSB) and NAFLD has been reported in several epidemiological studies, but the results are inconsistent. The present systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies was carried out to assess the relationship between sugar sweetened beverages consumption and NAFLD. METHODS: Online databases were searched systematically through December, 2016 for studies investigating association between SSB consumption and NAFLD but limited to observational studies in human...
May 14, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756262/reducing-the-standard-serving-size-of-alcoholic-beverages-prompts-reductions-in-alcohol-consumption
#6
Inge Kersbergen, Melissa Oldham, Andrew Jones, Matt Field, Colin Angus, Eric Robinson
AIMS: To test whether reducing the standard serving size of alcoholic beverages would reduce voluntary alcohol consumption in a laboratory (study 1) and a real-world drinking environment (study 2). Additionally, we modelled the potential public health benefit of reducing the standard serving size of on-trade alcoholic beverages in the United Kingdom. DESIGN: Studies 1 and 2 were cluster-randomized experiments. In the additional study, we used the Sheffield Alcohol Policy Model to estimate the number of deaths and hospital admissions that would be averted per year in the United Kingdom if a policy that reduces alcohol serving sizes in the on-trade was introduced...
May 14, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754910/lifestyle-advice-and-interventions-for-cardiovascular-risk-reduction-a-systematic-review-of-guidelines
#7
Mohammed Y Khanji, Claudia N van Waardhuizen, Vinícius V S Bicalho, Bart S Ferket, M G Myriam Hunink, Steffen E Petersen
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle factors are important in preventing cardiovascular disease (CVD) development. We aimed to systematically review guidelines on primary prevention of CVD and their recommendations on lifestyle advice or intervention, in order to guide primary prevention programs. METHODS: Publications in MEDLINE, CINAHL over 7 years since May 3, 2009 were identified. G-I-N International Guideline Library, National Guidelines Clearinghouse, National Library for Health Guideline finder, Canadian Medical Association InfoBase were searched...
July 15, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751912/%C3%AE-cryptoxanthin-is-more-bioavailable-in-humans-from-fermented-orange-juice-than-from-orange-juice
#8
Dámaso Hornero-Méndez, Isabel Cerrillo, Ángeles Ortega, María-Rosario Rodríguez-Griñolo, Blanca Escudero-López, Franz Martín, María-Soledad Fernández-Pachón
Carotenoids, especially β-cryptoxanthin, exert multiple biological activities in the organism. Various processing techniques can improve carotenoid bioavailability in relation to the food matrix. The study objective was to compare the bioavailability of carotenoids from orange juice (OJ) with that from a beverage obtained by alcoholic fermentation of orange juice (FOB). Seven volunteers were recruited for a randomized, controlled, and crossover study. Post-intake plasma carotenoid concentrations were measured by HPLC in the subjects at 0-8 h after their consumption of OJ or FOB...
October 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751730/effect-of-fermentation-processing-on-the-flavor-of-baijiu
#9
Huilin Liu, Baoguo Sun
Baijiu, otherwise known as the national liquor of China, is a well-known distilled spirit that has been produced for over 2,000 years. Baijiu is a clear and transparent fermented alcoholic beverage containing more than 1,870 volatile compounds, including esters, alcohols, aromatics, ketones, heterocycles, nitrogenous compounds, acids, aldehydes, terpenes, sulfur compounds, acetals, and lactones. This perspective describes the Baijiu production process, summarizes recent progress in the development and study of Baijiu flavor chemistry, discusses the effect of fermentation processing on Baijiu flavor, and presents novel development trends in the Baijiu industry in the dual directions of flavor and health...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746422/alcohol-policies-and-programmes-which-reduced-alcohol-related-harm
#10
Allaman Allamani
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review is a critical reflection on the effectiveness of evidence-based alcohol policies and their implementation, based on studies and observations that have arisen in recent years. RECENT FINDINGS: This article covers themes in recent literature of: the relationship between alcohol consumption and harm, the variability of country contextual factors and the interactions of both country contexts and alcohol policies on changes in alcohol consumption and harm...
May 8, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746421/reducing-the-health-risks-derived-from-exposure-to-addictive-substances
#11
Peter Anderson, Antoni Gual, Jürgen Rehm
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To discuss the health risks due to exposure to alcohol, illegal drugs and nicotine and how these risks might be reduced. RECENT FINDINGS: In 2016, worldwide, alcohol, illegal drugs and nicotine were responsible for some 10 million deaths. There is evolutionary and biological evidence that humans are predisposed to consuming alcohol, illegal drugs and nicotine - present-day problems are caused by high levels of potency, exposure and drug delivery systems...
May 8, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746116/yeast-metabolites-of-glycated-amino-acids-in-beer
#12
Michael Hellwig, Falco Beer, Sophia Witte, Thomas Henle
Glycation reactions (Maillard reactions) during the malting and brewing processes are important for the development of the characteristic color and flavor of beer. Recently, free and protein-bound Maillard reaction products (MRPs) such as pyrraline, formyline, and maltosine were found in beer. Furthermore, these amino acid derivatives are metabolized by Saccharomyces cerevisiae via the Ehrlich pathway. In this study, a method was developed for quantitation of individual Ehrlich intermediates derived from pyrraline, formyline, and maltosine...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745701/a-multimodal-investigation-of-contextual-effects-on-alcohol-s-emotional-rewards
#13
Catharine E Fairbairn, Konrad Bresin, Dahyeon Kang, I Gary Rosen, Talia Ariss, Susan E Luczak, Nancy P Barnett, Nathaniel S Eckland
Regular alcohol consumption in unfamiliar social settings has been linked to problematic drinking. A large body of indirect evidence has accumulated to suggest that alcohol's rewarding emotional effects-both negative-mood relieving and positive-mood enhancing-will be magnified when alcohol is consumed within unfamiliar versus familiar social contexts. But empirical research has never directly examined links between contextual familiarity and alcohol reward. In the current study, we mobilized novel ambulatory technology to examine the effect of social familiarity on alcohol reward in everyday drinking contexts while also examining how alcohol reward observed in these field contexts corresponds to reward observed in the laboratory...
May 2018: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740577/solid-contact-potentiometric-sensors-and-multisensors-based-on-polyaniline-and-thiacalixarene-receptors-for-the-analysis-of-some-beverages-and-alcoholic-drinks
#14
REVIEW
Michail Sorvin, Svetlana Belyakova, Ivan Stoikov, Rezeda Shamagsumova, Gennady Evtugyn
Electronic tongue is a sensor array that aims to discriminate and analyze complex media like food and beverages on the base of chemometrics approaches for data mining and pattern recognition. In this review, the concept of electronic tongue comprising of solid-contact potentiometric sensors with polyaniline and thacalix[4]arene derivatives is described. The electrochemical reactions of polyaniline as a background of solid-contact sensors and the characteristics of thiacalixarenes and pillararenes as neutral ionophores are briefly considered...
2018: Frontiers in Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735105/improvement-of-flavor-profiles-in-chinese-rice-wine-by-creating-fermenting-yeast-with-superior-ethanol-tolerance-and-fermentation-activity
#15
Yijin Yang, Yongjun Xia, Xiangna Lin, Guangqiang Wang, Hui Zhang, Zhiqiang Xiong, Haiyan Yu, Jianshen Yu, Lianzhong Ai
Producing alcoholic beverages with novel flavor are desirable for winemakers. We created fermenting yeast with superior ethanol tolerance and fermentation activity to improve the flavor profiles of Chinese rice wine. Strategies of ethanol domestication, ultraviolet mutagenesis (UV) and protoplast fusion were conducted to create yeast hybrids with excellent oenological characteristic. The obtained diploid hybrid F23 showed a cell viability of 6.2% under 25% ethanol, whereas its diploid parental strains could not survive under 20% ethanol...
June 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730584/correlates-of-frequent-alcohol-consumption-among-middle-aged-and-older-men-and-women-in-russia-a-multilevel-analysis-of-the-privmort-retrospective-cohort-study
#16
Alexi Gugushvili, Aytalina Azarova, Darja Irdam, Whitney Crenna-Jennings, Michael Murphy, Martin McKee, Lawrence King
BACKGROUND: A large proportion of premature deaths in Russia since the early 1990s, following the transition from communism, have been attributed to hazardous drinking. Little is known about the correlates of alcohol consumption. We present new data on the consumption of alcoholic beverages among middle-aged and older Russians and identify socio-demographic, socio-economic, and life-course correlates of frequent drinking. METHODS: Within the framework of the PrivMort project, conducted in 30 industrial towns in the European part of Russia, we acquired information on the frequency of drinking among 22,796 respondents and 57,907 of their surviving and deceased relatives...
May 1, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727756/a-cross-national-study-of-the-population-level-association-between-alcohol-consumption-and-suicide-rates
#17
Sean Patrick Roche, Meghan L Rogers, William Alex Pridemore
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to explore the association between population-level alcohol consumption and cross-national suicide rates. Suicide mortality rates vary substantially by nation, as do the level and character of alcohol consumption. Only a few prior studies examined this association, however, and they used a small number of nations and failed to test for the multiple hypothesized pathways through which any association may operate. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We obtained data from the World Health Organization for a sample of 83 nations...
April 20, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724975/long-term-consumption-of-energy-drinks-induces-biochemical-and-ultrastructural-alterations-in-the-heart-muscle
#18
Camelia Munteanu, Corina Rosioru, Corneliu Tarba, Camelia Lang
OBJECTIVE: Energy drinks (EDs) target young and active individuals and they are being marketed as enhancers of energy, concentration, and physical and cognitive performance. Their long-term consumption raises serious health concerns related to cardiovascular events. Here we investigate the effects of long-term Red Bull® consumption and its combination with alcohol on certain biochemical parameters and the ultrastructure of the myocardium. METHODS: Male Wistar rats were categorized into four groups and given different treatments via oral administration...
May 2018: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714225/terahertz-detection-of-alcohol-using-a-photonic-crystal-fiber-sensor
#19
Jakeya Sultana, Md Saiful Islam, Kawsar Ahmed, Alex Dinovitser, Brian W-H Ng, Derek Abbott
Ethanol is widely used in chemical industrial processes as well as in the food and beverage industry. Therefore, methods of detecting alcohol must be accurate, precise, and reliable. In this content, a novel Zeonex-based photonic crystal fiber (PCF) has been modeled and analyzed for ethanol detection in terahertz frequency range. A finite-element-method-based simulation of the PCF sensor shows a high relative sensitivity of 68.87% with negligible confinement loss of 7.79×10-12    cm -1 at 1 THz frequency and x -polarization mode...
April 1, 2018: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709884/chronic-moderate-alcohol-drinking-alters-insulin-release-without-affecting-cognitive-and-emotion-like-behaviors-in-rats
#20
Nnamdi G Nelson, Faten A Suhaidi, Wen Xuan Law, Nu-Chu Liang
Because the consumption of alcoholic beverages prevails in society, its effects on diabetes risk is a subject of interest. Extant literature on this issue often disagrees. Here, we probed the effects of chronic moderate ethanol consumption on glucose metabolism in rats. The effect of chronic moderate alcohol drinking on depression- and anxiety-like behaviors and memory was also explored. Adolescent male and female Long-Evans rats consumed saccharin-sweetened 5% (1 week) and 10% ethanol (7 weeks) under a 7.5-h/day (Monday-Friday) access schedule...
December 16, 2017: Alcohol
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