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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538937/-mother-child-relationship-and-associated-factors-hierarchical-analysis-of-the-population-base-in-a-brazilian-state-capital-brisa-study
#1
Milady Cutrim Vieira Cavalcante, Fernando Lamy, Ana Karina Teixeira da Cunha França, Zeni Carvalho Lamy
Several factors can interfere in the mother-child relationship. Studies about different maternal characteristics and this relationship are scarce; they mainly evaluate women with psychopathology and use simultaneous regression models with adjustment for multiple confounders. This study aimed to assess factors associated with losses in the mother-child relationship through a cohort of 3,215 mothers of children between 15 and 36 months of age. Losses in the mother-child relationship, assessed by the Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire, was the outcome variable and the explanatory variables were demographic, socioeconomic, reproductive health and mental health of mothers as well as the conditions of the birth of children...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531568/macronutrient-and-alcohol-intake-is-associated-with-intermuscular-adipose-tissue-in-a-randomly-selected-group-of-younger-and-older-men-and-women
#2
Kajsa Sjöholm, Lena Gripeteg, Ingrid Larsson
BACKGROUND: Alcohol and macronutrient intake have been found to be related to general and central body fat distribution. Intermuscular adipose tissue (IMAT) is a small ectopic fat depot located within the muscle bundles. IMAT is important for muscle function, mobility and energy homeostasis and also associated with cardiovascular- and diabetes-related risk factors. AIM: To test the hypothesis that macronutrient and alcohol intake is associated with IMAT. METHODS: 50 men and 50 women, randomly selected from the general population formed height- and weight-representative age groups of 50 younger (27-31 years) and 50 older (57-61 years) subjects...
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530429/a-daily-diary-examination-of-caffeine-mixed-with-alcohol-among-college-students
#3
Ashley N Linden-Carmichael, Cathy Lau-Barraco
OBJECTIVE: Caffeinated alcoholic beverage (CAB) use is associated with a range of substance-related problems. The majority of prior research on CABs is based on cross-sectional and retrospective reports, which do not account for intraindividual differences in use and may be subject to recall biases. The current research used a daily diary, within-subjects design to compare days where individuals simultaneously mixed alcohol with caffeine (CAB days) and days where individuals drank other types of alcohol (non-CAB days) on alcohol use outcomes...
May 22, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527645/energy-drinks-and-atrial-fibrillation-in-young-adults
#4
Anna Vittoria Mattioli, Sonia Pennella, Alberto Farinetti, Antonio Manenti
The present paper evaluates the association between Energy Drinks (EDs) and occurrence of atrial fibrillation (AF) in young people. Data from three clinical cases of AF after EDs consumption are reported. All patients presented with palpitations, nausea and anxiety. ECG showed AF with high ventricular response (135-170 bpm range frequency). Anamnestic record reported a high consumption of EDs during the previous 8 h from the onset of AF. In one case ED was associated with a moderate quantity of alcohol. Patients were successfully cardioverted both spontaneously and after pharmacological treatment...
May 6, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521730/perceptions-of-problem-drinker-patients-family-members-about-their-own-hazardous-drinking-behaviours-in-chinese-general-hospitals-a-qualitative-study
#5
Chen-Chun Lin, Yun-Fang Tsai, Wen-Ling Yeh, Jung-Ta Kao, Ching-Yen Chen
BACKGROUND: Excessive alcohol use has been associated with health, social and legal problems. Alcohol-related problems have been studied primarily in problem-drinker patients, with few studies on their family members, particularly about their own hazardous or harmful alcohol-drinking behaviours. METHOD: In this qualitative descriptive study, participants were recruited from three hospitals randomly selected from northern and central Taiwan (2:1). Hazardous-drinker patients and their family members were screened using the Chinese version Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (scores ≥8 indicate harmful or hazardous drinkers)...
May 18, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521334/lifestyle-recommendations-for-the-prevention-and-management-of-metabolic-syndrome-an-international-panel-recommendation
#6
Pablo Pérez-Martínez, Dimitri P Mikhailidis, Vasilios G Athyros, Mónica Bullo, Patrick Couture, María I Covas, Lawrence de Koning, Javier Delgado-Lista, Andrés Díaz-López, Christian A Drevon, Ramón Estruch, Katherine Esposito, Montserrat Fitó, Marta Garaulet, Dario Giugliano, Antonio García-Ríos, Niki Katsiki, Genovefa Kolovou, Benoît Lamarche, Maria Ida Maiorino, Guillermo Mena-Sánchez, Araceli Muñoz-Garach, Dragana Nikolic, José M Ordovás, Francisco Pérez-Jiménez, Manfredi Rizzo, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Helmut Schröder, Francisco J Tinahones, Rafael de la Torre, Ben van Ommen, Suzan Wopereis, Emilio Ros, José López-Miranda
The importance of metabolic syndrome (MetS) lies in its associated risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes, as well as other harmful conditions such as nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. In this report, the available scientific evidence on the associations between lifestyle changes and MetS and its components is reviewed to derive recommendations for MetS prevention and management. Weight loss through an energy-restricted diet together with increased energy expenditure through physical activity contribute to the prevention and treatment of MetS...
May 1, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508723/drinking-high-amounts-of-alcohol-as-a-short-term-mating-strategy-the-impact-of-short-term-mating-motivations-on-young-adults-drinking-behavior
#7
Eveline Vincke
Previous research indicates that drinking large quantities of alcohol could function as a short-term mating strategy for young adults in mating situations. However, no study investigated whether this is actually the case. Therefore, in this article, the link between short-term mating motivations and drinking high amounts of alcohol is tested. First, a survey study ( N = 345) confirmed that young adults who engage in binge drinking are more short-term oriented in their mating strategy than young adults who never engage in binge drinking...
April 2017: Evolutionary Psychology: An International Journal of Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499118/ethanol-concentration-of-traditional-alcoholic-beverages-in-northern-tanzania
#8
Joel M Francis, Heiner Grosskurth, Saidi H Kapiga, Helen A Weiss, Joseph Mwashiuya, John Changalucha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487277/the-dietary-approaches-to-stop-hypertension-dash-diet-western-diet-and-risk-of-gout-in-men-prospective-cohort-study
#9
Sharan K Rai, Teresa T Fung, Na Lu, Sarah F Keller, Gary C Curhan, Hyon K Choi
Objective To prospectively examine the relation between the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) and Western diets and risk of gout (ie, the clinical endpoint of hyperuricemia) in men.Design Prospective cohort study.Setting The Health Professionals Follow-up Study.Participants 44 444 men with no history of gout at baseline. Using validated food frequency questionnaires, each participant was assigned a DASH dietary pattern score (based on high intake of fruits, vegetables, nuts and legumes, low fat dairy products, and whole grains, and low intake of sodium, sweetened beverages, and red and processed meats) and a Western dietary pattern score (based on high intake of red and processed meats, French fries, refined grains, sweets, and desserts)...
May 9, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481283/beverage-intake-smoking-behavior-and-alcohol-consumption-in-contemporary-china-a-cross-sectional-analysis-from-the-2011-china-health-and-nutrition-survey
#10
Yen-Han Lee, Zhi Wang, Timothy C Chiang, Ching-Ti Liu
Chinese residents enjoy various types of beverages in their daily life. With the rapid Westernization of contemporary China, several adverse health concerns-such as diabetes linked to sweetened beverages-have emerged. Until now, no research that examines associations between beverage consumption and smoking/drinking behaviors has been made available, despite the large Chinese populations partaking in such activities. We conducted a cross-sectional study to explore the association between beverage intake frequencies and smoking/drinking behaviors in 12,634 adult respondents who participated in the latest wave (2011) of the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS)...
May 7, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478792/alcohol-consumption-pattern-and-risk-of-barrett-s-oesophagus-and-erosive-oesophagitis-an-italian-case-control-study
#11
Rosa A Filiberti, Vincenzo Fontana, Antonella De Ceglie, Sabrina Blanchi, Enzo Grossi, Domenico Della Casa, Teresa Lacchin, Marina De Matthaeis, Orazio Ignomirelli, Roberta Cappiello, Alessandra Rosa, Monica Foti, Francesco Laterza, Vittorio D'Onofrio, Gaetano Iaquinto, Massimo Conio
Knowledge about the association between alcohol and Barrett's oesophagus and reflux oesophagitis is conflicting. In this case-control study we evaluated the role of specific alcoholic beverages (red and white wine, beer and liquors) in 339 Barrett's oesophagus and 462 oesophagitis patients compared with 619 endoscopic controls with other disorders, recruited in twelve Italian endoscopic units. Data on alcohol and other individual characteristics were obtained from structured questionnaires. No clear, monotonic significant dose-response relationship was pointed out for red wine...
May 8, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477209/parental-smoking-maternal-alcohol-coffee-and-tea-consumption-and-the-risk-of-childhood-brain-tumours-the-estelle-and-escale-studies-sfce-france
#12
Helen D Bailey, Brigitte Lacour, Léa Guerrini-Rousseau, Anne-Isabelle Bertozzi, Pierre Leblond, Cécile Faure-Conter, Isabelle Pellier, Claire Freycon, François Doz, Stéphanie Puget, Stéphane Ducassou, Laurent Orsi, Jacqueline Clavel
PURPOSE: To investigate whether parental smoking around the time of pregnancy or maternal consumption of beverages (alcohol, coffee, or tea) during pregnancy were associated with the risk of CBT. METHODS: We pooled data from two French national population-based case-control studies with similar designs conducted in 2003-2004 and 2010-2011. The mothers of 510 CBT cases (directly recruited from the national childhood cancer register) and 3,102 controls aged under 15 years, frequency matched by age and gender, were interviewed through telephone, which included questions about prenatal parental smoking and maternal consumption of alcohol, coffee and tea...
May 5, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469546/relative-validation-of-a-food-frequency-questionnaire-to-estimate-food-intake-in-an-adult-population
#13
Nina Steinemann, Leticia Grize, Katrin Ziesemer, Peter Kauf, Nicole Probst-Hensch, Christine Brombach
Background: Scientifically valid descriptions of dietary intake at population level are crucial for investigating diet effects on health and disease. Food frequency questionnaires (FFQs) are the most common dietary tools used in large epidemiological studies. Objective: To examine the relative validity of a newly developed FFQ to be used as dietary assessment tool in epidemiological studies. Design: Validity was evaluated by comparing the FFQ and a 4-day weighed food record (4-d FR) at nutrient and food group levels, Spearman's correlations, Bland-Altman analysis and Wilcoxon rank sum tests were used...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467387/comparing-the-nutritional-impact-of-dietary-strategies-to-reduce-discretionary-choice-intake-in-the-australian-adult-population-a-simulation-modelling-study
#14
Jessica A Grieger, Brittany J Johnson, Thomas P Wycherley, Rebecca K Golley
Dietary strategies to reduce discretionary choice intake are commonly utilized in practice, but evidence on their relative efficacy is lacking. The aim was to compare the potential impact on nutritional intake of three strategies to reducing discretionary choices intake in the Australian adult (19-90 years) population. Dietary simulation modelling using data from the National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey 2011-2012 was conducted (n = 9341; one 24 h dietary recall). Strategies modelled were: moderation (reduce discretionary choices by 50%, with 0%, 25% or 75% energy compensation); substitution (replace 50% of discretionary choices with core choices); reformulation (replace 50% SFA with unsaturated fats, reduce added sugars by 25%, and reduce sodium by 20%)...
May 3, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464175/risky-teen-driving-in-a-rural-southern-state
#15
Kathy Monroe, William Hardwick, Victoria Lawson, Elizabeth Nichols, Michele Nichols, William D King
OBJECTIVE: Alabama is one of the five US states with the highest teen driving mortality. We recruited teen drivers to participate in a questionnaire regarding high-risk driving behaviors. METHODS: Teens were recruited from a large county school system to participate in a voluntary anonymous survey. Questions were taken in part from the National Youth Risk Behavior Survey. Descriptive statistics and odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals were calculated. RESULTS: A total of 1023 teen drivers participated (46% boys, 47% African American, 39% white, 6% Latino, and 7% other)...
May 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460916/mass-spectrometry-for-the-characterization-of-brewing-process
#16
Adriana Fu Vivian, Caroline Tiemi Aoyagui, Diogo Noin de Oliveira, Rodrigo Ramos Catharino
Beer is a carbonated alcoholic beverage produced by fermenting ingredients containing starch, especially malted cereals, and other compounds such as water, hops and yeast. The process comprises five main steps: malting, mashing, boiling, fermentation and maturation. There has been growing interest in the subject, since there is increasing demand for beer quality aspects and beer is a ubiquitous alcoholic beverage in the world. This study is based on the manufacturing process of a Brazilian craft brewery, which is characterized by withdrawing samples during key production stages and using electrospray ionization (ESI) high-resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS), a selective and reliable technique used in the identification of substances in an expeditious and practical way...
November 2016: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459975/alcohol-and-cancer-risk-perception-and-risk-denial-beliefs-among-the-french-general-population
#17
Aurélie Bocquier, Lisa Fressard, Pierre Verger, Stéphane Legleye, Patrick Peretti-Watel
Worldwide, millions of deaths each year are attributed to alcohol. We sought to examine French people's beliefs about the risks of alcohol, their correlates, and their associations with alcohol use. Data came from the 2010 Baromètre Cancer survey, a random cross-sectional telephone survey of the French general population ( n = 3359 individuals aged 15-75 years). Using principal component analysis of seven beliefs about alcohol risks, we built two scores (one assessing risk denial based on self-confidence and the other risk relativization)...
April 28, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455587/comprehensive-analysis-of-fungal-diversity-and-enzyme-activity-in-nuruk-a-korean-fermenting-starter-for-acquiring-useful-fungi
#18
Emily Carroll, Tran Ngoc Trinh, Hokyoung Son, Yin-Won Lee, Jeong-Ah Seo
Nuruk is a fermenting starter that is involved in the production of alcoholic beverages, and has been used in South Korea for a very long time. To analyze the fungal diversity, we collected a total of 59 nuruk samples from several companies and persons in 2013 to 2014, and obtained 364 isolates. All of the single isolated fungi were identified, both morphologically and molecularly, based on the sequences of ribosomal RNA gene [18S, ITS1-5.8S-ITS2, and 26S (D1/D2 region)]. In 46 nuruk samples out of 59 (78%), Saccharomycopsis fibuligera, a dimorphic yeast, was most frequently isolated...
May 2017: Journal of Microbiology / the Microbiological Society of Korea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455122/kids-cam-an-objective-methodology-to-study-the-world-in-which-children-live
#19
Louise N Signal, Moira B Smith, Michelle Barr, James Stanley, Tim J Chambers, Jiang Zhou, Aaron Duane, Gabrielle L S Jenkin, Amber L Pearson, Cathal Gurrin, Alan F Smeaton, Janet Hoek, Cliona Ni Mhurchu
INTRODUCTION: This paper reports on a new methodology to objectively study the world in which children live. The primary research study (Kids'Cam Food Marketing) illustrates the method; numerous ancillary studies include exploration of children's exposure to alcohol, smoking, "blue" space and gambling, and their use of "green" space, transport, and sun protection. METHODS: One hundred sixty-eight randomly selected children (aged 11-13 years) recruited from 16 randomly selected schools in Wellington, New Zealand used wearable cameras and GPS units for 4 days, recording imagery every 7 seconds and longitude/latitude locations every 5 seconds...
April 25, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453515/reliable-reference-genes-for-normalization-of-gene-expression-data-in-tea-plants-camellia-sinensis-exposed-to-metal-stresses
#20
Ming-Le Wang, Qing-Hui Li, Hua-Hong Xin, Xuan Chen, Xu-Jun Zhu, Xing-Hui Li
Tea plants [Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze] are an important leaf-type crop that are widely used for the production of non-alcoholic beverages in the world. Exposure to excessive amounts of heavy metals adversely affects the quality and yield of tea leaves. To analyze the molecular responses of tea plants to heavy metals, a reliable quantification of gene expression is important and of major importance herein is the normalization of the measured expression levels for the target genes. Ideally, stably expressed reference genes should be evaluated in all experimental systems...
2017: PloS One
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