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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329860/ethyl-carbamate-an-emerging-food-and-environmental-toxicant
#1
REVIEW
Vemana Gowd, Hongming Su, Petr Karlovsky, Wei Chen
Ethyl carbamate (EC), a chemical substance widely present in fermented food products and alcoholic beverages, has been classified as a Group 2A carcinogen by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). New evidence indicates that long-term exposure to EC may cause neurological disorders. Formation of EC in food and its metabolism have therefore been studied extensively and analytical methods for EC in various food matrices have been established. Due to the potential threat of EC to human health, mitigation strategies for EC in food products by physical, chemical, enzymatic, and genetic engineering methods have been developed...
May 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329355/when-the-brain-changes-its-mind-oscillatory-dynamics-of-conflict-processing-and-response-switching-in-a-flanker-task-during-alcohol-challenge
#2
Lauren E Beaton, Sheeva Azma, Ksenija Marinkovic
Despite the subjective experience of being in full and deliberate control of our actions, our daily routines rely on a continuous and interactive engagement of sensory evaluation and response preparation streams. They unfold automatically and unconsciously and are seamlessly integrated with cognitive control which is mobilized by stimuli that evoke ambiguity or response conflict. Methods with high spatio-temporal sensitivity are needed to provide insight into the interplay between automatic and controlled processing...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327230/alcohol-alcoholic-beverages-and-melanoma-risk-a-systematic-literature-review-and-dose-response-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Sara Gandini, Giovanna Masala, Domenico Palli, Benedetta Cavicchi, Calogero Saieva, Ilaria Ermini, Federica Baldini, Patrizia Gnagnarella, Saverio Caini
PURPOSE: Several studies in recent years have investigated the relationship between alcohol intake and melanoma risk, with conflicting results. To help clarify this issue, we conducted a literature review and dose-response meta-analysis of studies published until June 30th, 2017, that examined the association between alcohol intake (overall and by beverage type) and melanoma risk. METHODS: We used random effect models with maximum likelihood estimation to calculate summary relative risk (SRR) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI)...
January 11, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325831/sexual-dysfunction-among-young-men-overview-of-dietary-components-associated-with-erectile-dysfunction
#4
Ioannis Mykoniatis, Maria G Grammatikopoulou, Emmanouil Bouras, Efthalia Karampasi, Aikaterini Tsionga, Athanasios Kogias, Ioannis Vakalopoulos, Anna-Bettina Haidich, Michael Chourdakis
BACKGROUND: Sexual dysfunction is relatively common in young men, presenting in diverse manifestations, including erectile dysfunction (ED), for which dietary modifications, including increased intake of dietary antioxidants, have been suggested as promising and cost-efficient approaches. AIM: To assess the consumption of selected dietary antioxidants, in particular flavonoids, in relation to ED symptoms in young men. METHODS: Men 18 to 40 years old were invited to complete an anonymous web-based questionnaire for this case-control study...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324740/dietary-intake-and-diabetic-retinopathy-a-systematic-review
#5
Mark Y Z Wong, Ryan E K Man, Eva K Fenwick, Preeti Gupta, Ling-Jun Li, Rob M van Dam, Mary F Chong, Ecosse L Lamoureux
INTRODUCTION: The evidence linking dietary intake with diabetic retinopathy (DR) is growing but unclear. We conducted a systematic review of the association between dietary intake and DR. METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed, Embase, Medline, and the Cochrane Central register of controlled trials, for publications between January 1967 and January 2017 using standardized criteria for diet and DR. Interventional and observational studies investigating micro- and macro-nutrient intakes; food and beverage consumptions; and dietary patterns were included...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323406/type-and-timing-of-dietary-acid-intake-and-tooth-wear-among-american-adults
#6
Lynn H Al-Zwaylif, Saoirse O'Toole, Eduardo Bernabé
OBJECTIVES: To explore the interrelationship between type and timing of dietary acid intake and tooth wear among American adults. METHODS: This study used data from 3,586 adults, aged 18 years and older, who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2003-04. Information on four types of acidic food and beverages (fruits, fruit juices, alcoholic drinks, and soft drinks) and timing of consumption (meals versus snacks, defined according to percentage of total energy intake, self-reported eating occasion, and time of day) was extracted from two 24-hour dietary recalls...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320416/eating-patterns-in-patients-with-compensated-cirrhosis-a-case-control-study
#7
Camille Buscail, Valérie Bourcier, Léopold K Fezeu, Dominique Roulot, Séverine Brulé, Zahia Ben-Abdesselam, Carole Cagnot, Serge Hercberg, Pierre Nahon, Nathalie Ganne-Carrié, Chantal Julia
BACKGROUND: There is growing evidence suggesting that maintaining an adequate nutritional status for patients with liver cirrhosis (LC) is relevant to prevent complications. The present study aimed to describe dietary behaviours of patients with compensated and non-complicated LC and comparing them with those of subjects from the general population. METHODS: In this case-control study, patients were volunteers enrolled in the ALICIR (ALImentation et CIRrhose) study, an observational survey nested in two French prospective cohorts of patients with biopsy-proven compensated cirrhosis related either to excessive alcohol consumption (CIRRAL) or to hepatitis B or C virus infection (CirVir)...
January 10, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320289/legal-and-administrative-feasibility-of-a-federal-junk-food-and-sugar-sweetened-beverage-tax-to-improve-diet
#8
Jennifer L Pomeranz, Parke Wilde, Yue Huang, Renata Micha, Dariush Mozaffarian
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate legal and administrative feasibility of a federal "junk" food (including sugar-sweetened beverages [SSBs]) tax to improve diet. METHODS: To assess food definitions and administration models, we systematically searched (1) PubMed (through May 15, 2017) for articles defining foods subject to taxes, and legal and legislative databases as well as online for (2) US federal, state, and tribal junk food tax bills and laws (January 1, 2012-February 28, 2017); SSB taxes (January 1, 2014-February 28, 2017); and international junk food tax laws (as of February 28, 2017); and (3) federal taxing mechanisms and administrative methods (as of February 28, 2017)...
February 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317099/-on-alcoholic-beverage-taxation-in-spain
#9
Toni Mora
OBJECTIVE: Review the price elasticity of alcoholic beverages to identify the characteristics we should take into account to make a tax policy proposal. METHOD: Systematic review of articles in EBSCOhost that include in their abstract and title the words alcohol and elasticity and alcohol and tax, over the last 20 years in academic journals in English. RESULTS: We found 11 references. Although price elasticity is quite similar across countries, it is heterogeneous with regard togender, age, consumption level and type of beverage...
January 6, 2018: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315400/the-potential-of-a-human-rights-approach-for-accelerating-the-implementation-of-comprehensive-restrictions-on-the-marketing-of-unhealthy-foods-and-non-alcoholic-beverages-to-children
#10
Sabrina Ionata Granheim, Stefanie Vandevijvere, Liv Elin Torheim
Overweight and obesity in children is rising at the global level, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. Among the causes for this increase is the marketing of unhealthy food and beverage products, which affects children's food preferences, purchasing requests and consumption patterns. The need to address harmful marketing to children has been recognized at the World Health Organization, with Member States having agreed in 2010 to implement a set of recommendations to restrict such practices. Concurrently, there is an increasing understanding of unhealthy food and malnutrition as human rights concerns...
January 5, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314788/gradual-enhancement-of-ethyl-acetate-production-through-promoter-engineering-in-chinese-liquor-yeast-strains
#11
Jian Dong, Kun-Qiang Hong, Ai-Li Hao, Cui-Ying Zhang, Xiao-Meng Fu, Peng-Fei Wang, Dong-Guang Xiao
As content and proportion of ethyl acetate is critical to the flavor and quality of beverages, the concise regulation of the ethyl acetate metabolism is a major issue in beverage fermentations. In the present study, for ethyl acetate yield regulation, we finely modulated the expression of ATF1 through precise and seamless insertion of serially truncated PGK1 promoter from the 3'end by 100bp steps in the Chinese liquor yeast, CLy12a. The three engineered promoters carrying 100-, 200- and 300-bp truncations exhibited reduced promoter strength but unaffected growth...
January 5, 2018: Biotechnology Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314309/how-do-people-with-homelessness-and-alcohol-dependence-cope-when-alcohol-is-unaffordable-a-comparison-of-residents-of-canadian-managed-alcohol-programs-and-locally-recruited-controls
#12
Rebekah A Erickson, Tim Stockwell, Bernadette Pauly, Clifton Chow, Audra Roemer, Jinhui Zhao, Kate Vallance, Ashley Wettlaufer
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: We investigated coping strategies used by alcohol-dependent and unstably housed people when they could not afford alcohol, and how managed alcohol program (MAP) participation influenced these. The aim of this study was to investigate potential negative unintended consequences of alcohol being unaffordable. DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 175 MAP residents in five Canadian cities and 189 control participants from nearby shelters were interviewed about the frequency they used 10 coping strategies when unable to afford alcohol...
January 4, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310534/prevalence-trends-and-consequences-of-substance-use-among-university-students-implication-for-intervention
#13
Meseret Ayalew, Mateb Tafere, Yohannes Asmare
This study was conducted to examine the prevalence, trends, and consequences of substance use among university students. The prevalence of substance use, the trends of substance use, and the differences among sociodemographic variables in the experiences of substance use as well as the consequences of substance use among university students were assessed in this study. Using stratified sampling method, 1,156 students were chosen. Descriptive statistics, chi-square, one-way analysis of variance, and Pearson correlation coefficient were used for data analysis...
January 1, 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309408/consumption-of-alcohol-and-blood-pressure-results-of-the-elsa-brasil-study
#14
Nathália Miguel Teixeira Santana, José Geraldo Mill, Gustavo Velasquez-Melendez, Alexandra Dias Moreira, Sandhi Maria Barreto, Maria Carmen Viana, Maria Del Carmen Bisi Molina
BACKGROUND: Prevention and reduction of excessive use of alcohol represents damages to society in general. In turn, arterial hypertension is the main attributable risk factor premature life lost years and disability. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between alcohol consumption and high blood pressure in participants of the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil). METHODOLOGY: A baseline data of total of 7,655 participants volunteers between 35 and 74 years of age, of both genders, in six educational and research institutions of three different regions of the country were interviewed between 2008-2010...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306673/diagnosis-delay-of-tuberculosis-in-the-huambo-province-angola
#15
E Santos, Ó Felgueiras, O Oliveira, R Duarte
INTRODUCTION: Early diagnosis is necessary for the success of the tuberculosis (TB) program. GOAL: To identify factors associated with diagnosis delay of TB in Huambo, Angola. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study carried out in patients diagnosed with TB at the Huambo Anti-Tuberculosis Dispensary (ATD) in the period between October 2015 and January 2016. RESULTS: The 247 patients included in the analysis had a median age of 27 years and a median diagnosis delay of 64 days...
January 3, 2018: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305698/genetic-engineering-to-alter-carbon-flux-for-various-higher-alcohol-productions-by-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-for-chinese-baijiu-fermentation
#16
Wei Li, Shi-Jia Chen, Jian-Hui Wang, Cui-Ying Zhang, Yu Shi, Xue-Wu Guo, Ye-Fu Chen, Dong-Guang Xiao
Higher alcohols significantly influence the quality and flavor profiles of Chinese Baijiu. ILV1-encoded threonine deaminase, LEU1-encoded α-isopropylmalate dehydrogenase, and LEU2-encoded β-isopropylmalate dehydrogenase are involved in the production of higher alcohols. In this work, ILV1, LEU1, and LEU2 deletions in α-type haploid, a-type haploid, and diploid Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains and ILV1, LEU1, and LEU2 single-allele deletions in diploid strains were constructed to examine the effects of these alterations on the metabolism of higher alcohols...
January 5, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304811/association-between-time-perspective-and-organic-food-consumption-in-a-large-sample-of-adults
#17
Marc Bénard, Julia Baudry, Caroline Méjean, Denis Lairon, Kelly Virecoulon Giudici, Fabrice Etilé, Gérard Reach, Serge Hercberg, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot, Sandrine Péneau
BACKGROUND: Organic food intake has risen in many countries during the past decades. Even though motivations associated with such choice have been studied, psychological traits preceding these motivations have rarely been explored. Consideration of future consequences (CFC) represents the extent to which individuals consider future versus immediate consequences of their current behaviors. Consequently, a future oriented personality may be an important characteristic of organic food consumers...
January 5, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303995/local-acetaldehyde-an-essential-role-in-alcohol-related-upper-gastrointestinal-tract-carcinogenesis
#18
REVIEW
Mikko T Nieminen, Mikko Salaspuro
The resident microbiome plays a key role in exposure of the upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract mucosa to acetaldehyde (ACH), a carcinogenic metabolite of ethanol. Poor oral health is a significant risk factor for oral and esophageal carcinogenesis and is characterized by a dysbiotic microbiome. Dysbiosis leads to increased growth of opportunistic pathogens (such as Candida yeasts) and may cause an up to 100% increase in the local ACH production, which is further modified by organ-specific expression and gene polymorphisms of ethanol-metabolizing and ACH-metabolizing enzymes...
January 5, 2018: Cancers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300427/relationship-between-adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-and-health-related-quality-of-life-and-life-satisfaction-among-older-adults
#19
A Zaragoza-Martí, R Ferrer-Cascales, J A Hurtado-Sánchez, A Laguna-Pérez, M J Cabañero-Martínez
OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the relationship between adherence to the Mediterranean diet and health-related quality of life and degree of life satisfaction among older adults. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional descriptive study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 351 people older than 60 years participated in the study. MEASUREMENTS: The Mediterranean Diet Score (MDS) was calculated to assess the degree of adherence to the MD. MD adherence was related to health-related quality of life using the Short Form Healthy Survey (SF-12) questionnaire, to life satisfaction using the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), and to sociodemographic, clinical and lifestyle variables...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300238/erythropoietin-in-treatment-of-methanol-optic-neuropathy
#20
Farzad Pakdel, Mostafa S Sanjari, Asieh Naderi, Niloofar Pirmarzdashti, Anousheh Haghighi, Mohsen B Kashkouli
BACKGROUND: Methanol poisoning can cause an optic neuropathy that is usually severe and irreversible and often occurs after ingestion of illicit or homemade alcoholic beverages. In this study, we evaluated the potential neuroprotective effect of erythropoietin (EPO) on visual acuity (VA) in patients with methanol optic neuropathy. METHODS: In a prospective, noncomparative interventional case series, consecutive patients with methanol optic neuropathy after alcoholic beverage ingestion were included...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
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