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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108773/effects-of-caffeine-on-alcohol-reinforcement-beverage-choice-self-administration-and-subjective-ratings
#1
Mary M Sweeney, Steven E Meredith, Daniel P Evatt, Roland R Griffiths
RATIONALE: Combining alcohol and caffeine is associated with increased alcohol consumption, but no prospective experimental studies have examined whether added caffeine increases alcohol consumption. OBJECTIVES: This study examined how caffeine alters alcohol self-administration and subjective reinforcing effects in healthy adults. METHODS: Thirty-one participants completed six double-blind alcohol self-administration sessions: three sessions with alcohol only (e...
January 20, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107050/evaluation-of-a-responsible-beverage-service-and-enforcement-program-effects-on-bar-patron-intoxication-and-potential-impaired-driving-by-young-adults
#2
James C Fell, Deborah A Fisher, Jie Yao, A Scott McKnight
OBJECTIVE: Studies of alcohol-related harm (violence, injury, illness) suggest that the most significant risk factors are the amount of alcohol consumed and whether obviously intoxicated patrons continue to be served. This study's objective was to investigate the effects of a responsible beverage service (RBS)/enhanced alcohol enforcement intervention on bars, bar patrons, and impaired driving. METHOD: Two communities-Monroe County, NY, and Cleveland, OH-participated in a demonstration program and evaluation...
January 20, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106791/dietary-patterns-in-relation-to-cardiovascular-disease-incidence-and-risk-markers-in-a-middle-aged-british-male-population-data-from-the-caerphilly-prospective-study
#3
Elly Mertens, Oonagh Markey, Johanna M Geleijnse, David Ian Givens, Julie A Lovegrove
Dietary behaviour is an important modifiable factor in cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention. The study aimed to identify dietary patterns (DPs) and explore their association with CVD incidence and risk markers. A follow-up of 1838 middle-aged men, aged 47-67 years recruited into the Caerphilly Prospective Cohort Study at phase 2 (1984-1988) was undertaken. Principal component analysis identified three DPs at baseline, which explained 24.8% of the total variance of food intake. DP1, characterised by higher intakes of white bread, butter, lard, chips and sugar-sweetened beverages and lower intake of wholegrain bread, was associated with higher CVD (HR 1...
January 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105888/treatment-with-activated-carbon-and-other-adsorbents-as-an-effective-method-for-removal-of-volatile-compounds-in-agricultural-distillates
#4
Maria Balcerek, Katarzyna Pielech-Przybylska, Piotr Patelski, Urszula Dziekońska-Kubczak, Tomaš Jusel
This study investigates the effect of treatment with activated carbon and other adsorbents on the chemical composition and organoleptics of a barley malt-based agricultural distillate. Contact with activated carbon is one of the methods by which the quality of raw distillates and spirit beverages can be improved. Samples placed in contact with 1 g activated carbon (SpiritFerm) per 100 ml distillate with ethanol content of 50% v v(-1) for 1 h showed the largest reductions in the concentrations of most volatile compounds (aldehydes, alcohols, esters)...
January 20, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091279/aflatoxin-m1-in-human-breast-milk-in-shahrekord-iran-and-association-with-dietary-factors
#5
Tina Jafari, Aziz A Fallah, Soleiman Kheiri, Abdolmajid Fadaei, Sayed Asadollah Amini
This survey was conducted to determine the occurrence and levels of aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) in 250 breast milk samples of lactating mothers, obtained from urban and rural regions of Shahrekord, Iran. Moreover, the association between AFM1 occurrence levels and dietary factors were assessed. AFM1 analysis was carried out using the competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) technique for screening and high-performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection (HPLC-FLD) for confirmatory purposes...
January 16, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part B, Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088922/restricting-the-marketing-of-foods-and-non-alcoholic-beverages-to-children-in-south-africa-are-all-nutrient-profiling-models-the-same
#6
Mariaan Wicks, Hattie Wright, Edelweiss Wentzel-Viljoen
The WHO has called for governments to improve children's food environment by implementing restrictions on the marketing of 'unhealthy' foods to children. Nutrient profiling (NP) models are used to define 'unhealthy' foods and support child-directed food marketing regulations. The aim of the present study was to assess the suitability of the South African NP model (SANPM), developed and validated for health claim regulations, for child-directed food marketing regulations. The SANPM was compared with four NP models specifically developed for such regulations...
December 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078169/a-survey-of-energy-drink-consumption-patterns-among-college-students-at-a-mostly-hispanic-university
#7
Ernesto Cabezas-Bou, Jeidiel De León-Arbucias, Nikol Matos-Vergara, Yocasta Álvarez-Bagnarol, Jesús Ortega-Guzmán, Karla Narváez-Pérez, Nelson D Cruz-Bermúdez, Manuel Díaz-Ríos
Background: The purpose of this study was to determine energy drink (ED) consumption patterns among Hispanic college students. We measured the prevalence and frequency of ED consumption according to gender, degree programs, and specific university-related and social situations. In addition, we assessed the frequency of consumption of EDs mixed with alcoholic beverages. Methods: A total of 508 college students from the University of Puerto Rico, the largest Hispanic institution of higher education statewide, completed an online questionnaire...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Caffeine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074892/are-sleep-duration-midpoint-of-sleep-and-sleep-quality-associated-with-dietary-intake-among-bavarian-adults
#8
C Kleiser, N Wawro, M Stelmach-Mardas, H Boeing, K Gedrich, H Himmerich, J Linseisen
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Only few epidemiologic studies examined sleep characteristics in relation to dietary behaviour. Our aim was to analyse associations of sleep duration, midpoint of sleep and sleep quality with dietary intake among the Bavarian population. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Within the cross-sectional Bavarian Food Consumption Survey II, 1050 subjects aged 13-81 years were recruited. Dietary intake was assessed with three 24-h dietary recalls by telephone (EPIC-Soft)...
January 11, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071800/influence-of-fermentation-process-on-the-anthocyanin-composition-of-wine-and-vinegar-elaborated-from-strawberry
#9
Ruth Hornedo-Ortega, M Antonia Álvarez-Fernández, Ana B Cerezo, Isidoro Garcia-Garcia, Ana M Troncoso, M Carmen Garcia-Parrilla
Anthocyanins are the major polyphenolic compounds in strawberry fruit responsible for its color. Due to their sensitivity, they are affected by food processing techniques such as fermentation that alters both their chemical composition and organoleptic properties. This work aims to evaluate the impact of different fermentation processes on individual anthocyanins compounds in strawberry wine and vinegar by UHPLC-MS/MS Q Exactive analysis. Nineteen, 18, and 14 anthocyanin compounds were identified in the strawberry initial substrate, strawberry wine, and strawberry vinegar, respectively...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064201/a-method-for-classifying-user-reported-electronic-cigarette-liquid-flavors
#10
Jessica M Yingst, Susan Veldheer, Erin Hammett, Shari Hrabovsky, Jonathan Foulds
BACKGROUND: Along with the growth in popularity of electronic cigarette devices (e-cigs), the variety of e-cig liquids (e-liquid) available to users has also grown. Although some studies have published data about the use of flavored e-liquid, there is no standardized way to group flavors making it difficult to interpret the data and replicate results across studies. The current study describes a method to classify user-reported e-liquid flavors and presents the resulting proportion of users in each flavor group in a large online survey of e-cig users...
January 6, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043775/innovation-chinese-rice-wine-brewing-technology-by-bi-acidification-to-exclude-rice-soaking-process
#11
Xiao Lu Wei, Shuang Ping Liu, Jian Shen Yu, Yong Jian Yu, Sheng Hu Zhu, Zhi Lei Zhou, Jian Hu, Jian Mao
As a traditional fermented alcoholic beverage of China, Chinese rice wine (CRW) had a long history of more than 5000 years. Rice soaking process was the most crucial step during CRW brewing process, because rice soaking quality directly determined the quality of CRW. However, rice soaking water would cause the eutrophication of water bodies and waste of water. The longer time of rice soaking, the higher the content of biogenic amine, and it would have a huge impact on human health. An innovation brewing technology was carried out to exclude the rice soaking process and the Lactobacillus was added to make up for the total acid...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042657/the-influence-of-mixers-containing-artificial-sweetener-or-different-doses-of-carbohydrate-on-breath-alcohol-responses-in-females
#12
Cassie Smith, Peter John Herzig, Andrew Davey, Ben Desbrow, Christopher Irwin
BACKGROUND: Breath alcohol responses may be affected by the presence of carbohydrate (CHO) in a beverage. This study investigated the impact of consuming alcohol with mixers containing various doses of CHO or an artificial sweetener on breath alcohol concentration (BrAC), ratings of intoxication and impairment, and cognitive performance in females. METHODS: Twenty-six females (age 25.1 ± 0.7 years, mean ± standard deviation) completed a crossover study involving 4 trials...
January 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026977/adverse-childhood-experiences-predict-alcohol-consumption-patterns-among-kenyan-mothers
#13
Michael L Goodman, Astrid Grouls, Catherine X Chen, Philip H Keiser, Stanley Gitari
OBJECTIVE: We analyze whether adverse childhood experiences predict weekly alcohol consumption patterns of Kenyan mothers and their partners. METHOD: Randomly selected respondents (n = 1,976) were asked about adverse childhood experiences and alcohol consumption patterns for themselves and their partners. Fixed effect models were used to determine odds of reporting weekly alcohol consumption and the number of beverages typically consumed, controlling for wealth, age, education, and partner alcohol consumption...
December 27, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011906/saccharomyces-uvarum-is-responsible-for-the-traditional-fermentation-of-apple-chicha-in-patagonia
#14
M E Rodríguez, L Pérez-Través, M P Sangorrín, E Barrio, A Querol, C A Lopes
Apple chicha is a fresh low alcoholic beverage elaborated by aboriginal communities of Andean Patagonia (Argentina and Chile). In the present work we identified the yeast microbiota associated with this fermentation, and characterized genetically those belonging to the genus Saccharomyces Both Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Saccharomyces uvarum were found in the analyzed fermentations. Phylogenetic and population structure analyses based on genes sequence analysis were carried out for both S. cerevisiae and S...
December 23, 2016: FEMS Yeast Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011651/attitudes-and-beliefs-towards-alcohol-minimum-pricing-in-western-australia
#15
David A Keatley, Sarah J Hardcastle, Natacha Carragher, Tanya N Chikritzhs, Mike Daube, Adam Lonsdale, Martin S Hagger
Modelling data have provided good evidence to support the efficacy of a minimum pricing policy for alcoholic beverages as a means to reduce alcohol consumption and risky and harmful drinking. The aim of the present study was to investigate attitudes and beliefs towards a minimum price policy for alcohol among members of the general public in Western Australia (WA). The study also explored what factors might promote acceptance of the policy. Eleven focus groups, comprising participants from a broad range of backgrounds in WA, were conducted...
December 23, 2016: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007642/suppressing-effect-of-saikosaponin-a-an-active-ingredient-of-bupleurum-falcatum-on-chocolate-self-administration-and-reinstatement-of-chocolate-seeking-in-rats
#16
Irene Lorrai, Paola Maccioni, Mauro A M Carai, Alessandro Capra, M Paola Castelli, Antonella Riva, Paolo Morazzoni, Gian Luigi Gessa, Giancarlo Colombo
Recent lines of experimental evidence have indicated that saikosaponin A (SSA) - a bioactive ingredient of the medicinal plant, Bupleurum falcatum L. - suppressed alcohol, morphine, and cocaine self-administration in rats. The present paper was designed to assess whether the protective properties of SSA on addiction-related behaviors generalize to a hyperpalatable food such as a chocolate-flavored beverage (CFB). To this end, rats were initially trained to lever-respond for CFB [5% (w/v) Nesquik(®) powder in water] under fixed ratio (FR) 10 (FR10) schedule of reinforcement...
December 19, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004268/dietary-intake-and-major-food-sources-of-polyphenols-in-people-with-type-2-diabetes-the-tosca-it-study
#17
M Vitale, M Masulli, A A Rivellese, E Bonora, F Cappellini, A Nicolucci, S Squatrito, D Antenucci, A Barrea, C Bianchi, F Bianchini, L Fontana, P Fornengo, F Giorgino, A Gnasso, E Mannucci, A Mazzotti, R Nappo, A P Palena, P Pata, G Perriello, S Potenziani, R Radin, L Ricci, F Romeo, C Santini, M Scarponi, R Serra, A Timi, A A Turco, M Vedovato, D Zavaroni, S Grioni, G Riccardi, O Vaccaro
PURPOSE: Proper evaluation of polyphenols intake at the population level is a necessary step in order to establish possible associations with health outcomes. Available data are limited, and so far no study has been performed in people with diabetes. The aim of this work was to document the intake of polyphenols and their major food sources in a cohort of people with type 2 diabetes and in socio-demographic subgroups. METHODS: We studied 2573 men and women aged 50-75 years...
December 21, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990739/acute-alcohol-effects-on-set-shifting-and-its-moderation-by-baseline-individual-differences-a-latent-variable-analysis
#18
Ozlem Korucuoglu, Kenneth J Sher, Phillip K Wood, John Scott Saults, Lee Altamirano, Akira Miyake, Bruce D Bartholow
AIMS: To compare the acute effects of alcohol on set-shifting task performance (relative to sober baseline performance) during ascending and descending limb breath alcohol concentration (BrAC), as well as possible moderation of these effects by baseline individual differences. DESIGN: Shifting performance was tested during an initial baseline and a subsequent drinking session, during which participants were assigned randomly to one of three beverage conditions (alcohol, placebo or control) and one of two BrAC limb conditions [ascending and descending (A/D) or descending-only (D-only)]...
November 6, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975136/effects-of-initial-moisture-content-of-korean-traditional-wheat-based-fermentation-starter-nuruk-on-microbial-abundance-and-diversity
#19
Jyotiranjan Bal, Suk-Hyun Yun, Soo-Hwan Yeo, Jung-Mi Kim, Beom-Tae Kim, Dae-Hyuk Kim
The brewing of makgeolli, one of Korea's most popular alcoholic beverages that is gaining popularity globally, is facilitated by nuruk, a traditional Korean cereal starter. The nuruk microbiome greatly influences the fermentation process as well as the nutritional, hygienic, and aromatic qualities of the product. This study is a continuation of our efforts to examine nuruk biodiversity at a depth previously unattainable. In this study, microfloral dynamics in wheat-based nuruk C, composed of traditional ingredients such as barley, green gram, and wheat and fermented under various internal moisture contents of 20% (C20), 26% (C26), and 30% (C30), was evaluated using 454 pyrosequencing during the 30-day fermentation process...
December 14, 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975130/does-alcohol-consumption-modify-the-risk-of-endometrial-cancer-a-dose-response-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#20
Quan Zhou, Peng Guo, Hui Li, Xiao-Dan Chen
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies have provided controversial evidence of an association between alcohol intake and endometrial cancer (EC) risk. The World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research classifies alcohol as having a "limited-no conclusion" grade of evidence in the Endometrial Cancer 2013 Report (the latest version). OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this meta-analysis is to systematically analyze the effect of alcohol intake on EC risk. METHODS: We conducted a dose-response meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies identified from the PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library and China Biological Medicine databases...
December 14, 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
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