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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545000/occurrence-and-effects-of-plastic-additives-on-marine-environments-and-organisms-a-review
#1
REVIEW
Ludovic Hermabessiere, Alexandre Dehaut, Ika Paul-Pont, Camille Lacroix, Ronan Jezequel, Philippe Soudant, Guillaume Duflos
Plastics debris, especially microplastics, have been found worldwide in all marine compartments. Much research has been carried out on adsorbed pollutants on plastic pieces and hydrophobic organic compounds (HOC) associated with microplastics. However, only a few studies have focused on plastic additives. These chemicals are incorporated into plastics from which they can leach out as most of them are not chemically bound. As a consequence of plastic accumulation and fragmentation in oceans, plastic additives could represent an increasing ecotoxicological risk for marine organisms...
May 16, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542471/biodegradation-of-di-n-butyl-phthalate-by-bacterial-consortium-lv-1-enriched-from-river-sludge
#2
Yangyang Wang, Fangfang Li, Xinling Ruan, Jian Song, Lv Lv, Liyuan Chai, Zhihui Yang, Lin Luo
A stable bacterial consortium (LV-1) capable of degrading di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP) was enriched from river sludge. Community analysis revealed that the main families of LV-1 are Brucellaceae (62.78%) and Sinobacteraceae (14.83%), and the main genera of LV-1 are Brucella spp. (62.78%) and Sinobacter spp. (14.83%). The optimal pH and temperature for LV-1 to degrade DBP were pH 6.0 and 30°C, respectively. Inoculum size influenced the degradation ratio when the incubation time was < 24 h. The initial concentration of DBP also influenced the degradation rates of DBP by LV-1, and the degradation rates ranged from 69...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541715/biodegradation-and-kinetics-of-organic-compounds-and-heavy-metals-in-an-artificial-wetland-system-aws-by-using-water-hyacinths-as-a-biological-filter
#3
P F Rodríguez-Espinosa, J A Mendoza-Pérez, J Tabla-Hernandez, E Martínez-Tavera, M M Monroy-Mendieta
The objective of the present study was to investigate the ability of water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) to absorb organic compounds (potassium hydrogen phthalate, sodium tartrate, malathion, 2,4-D and piroxicam). For the aforementioned purpose, an artificial wetland system (AWS) was constructed and filled with water hyacinth collected from Valsequillo Reservoir, Puebla, Mexico. Potassium hydrogen phthalate and sodium tartrate were measured in terms of Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) and the Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD)...
May 25, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540942/comparison-of-high-pressure-and-nanoscale-confinement-effects-on-crystallization-of-the-molecular-glass-forming-liquid-dimethyl-phthalate
#4
K Adrjanowicz, G Szklarz, K Koperwas, M Paluch
High pressure and nanoscopic confinement are two different strategies commonly employed to modify the physicochemical properties of various materials. Both strategies act mostly by changing the molecular packing. In this work, we performed a comparative study on the effect of compression and confined geometry on crystallization of a molecular liquid. Dielectric spectroscopy was employed to investigate the crystallization of the van der Waals liquid, dimethyl phthalate, in nanoporous alumina of different pore sizes as well as on increased pressure (up to 200 MPa)...
May 25, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532594/the-endocrine-disrupting-alkylphenols-and-4-4-ddt-interfere-with-estrogen-conversion-and-clearance-by-mouse-liver-cytosol
#5
Talal El-Hefnawy, Claudia Hernandez, Laura P Stabile
Endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) are ubiquitous compounds known for negative impacts on reproductive functions and for increasing cancer risk. EDCs are believed to cause the harmful effects in part through their inappropriate low-affinity binding to steroid receptors and other possible non-receptor mediated paradigms, however there is a need to further elucidate other mechanisms involving the direct and indirect impact of EDCs on reproductive functions. We examined the metabolism of 17β-estradiol (E2) and estrone (E1) by cell-free hepatic cytosol in the presence of alkylphenols (nonylphenol/NP and 4-tert-octylphenol/tOP), Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (4,4'-DDT) and other EDCs...
May 19, 2017: Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532275/protective-effects-of-vitamin-e-against-reproductive-toxicity-induced-by-di-2-ethylhexyl-phthalate-via-ppar-dependent-mechanisms
#6
Yangcai Wang, Bailin Chen, Tao Lin, Shengde Wu, Guanghui Wei
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the protective/ameliorative effects of vitamin E on di-2-(ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP)-induced reproductive toxicity, particularly in testicular toxicity in male rats, emphasizing peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) -Dependent mechanism. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley females were exposed by oral route to DEHP alone or associated with vitamin E from gestation day (GD) 12.5 to postnatal day (PND) 3 according to the following treatment regimens: vehicle control (corn oil), vitamin E (200 mg/kg) + corn oil, DEHP (500 mg/kg) + corn oil, and DEHP (500 mg/kg) + vitamin E (200 mg/kg) + corn oil...
May 22, 2017: Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532074/highly-effective-cu-zn-carbon-micro-nanofiber-polymer-nanocomposite-based-wound-dressing-biomaterial-against-the-p-aeruginosa-multi-and-extensively-drug-resistant-strains
#7
Mohammad Ashfaq, Nishith Verma, Suphiya Khan
Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) is the most prevalent bacteria in the infections caused by burn, surgery, and traumatic injuries. Emergence of the P. aeruginosa bacterial resistance against various clinical drugs for wound treatment is the major concern nowadays. The present study describes the synthesis of the polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and cellulose acetate phthalate (CAP) polymeric composite film (~0.2mm thickness) reinforced with the Cu/Zn bimetal-dispersed activated carbon micro/nanofiber (ACF/CNF), as a wound dressing material...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531656/biodegradation-of-phthalic-acid-esters-paes-and-in-silico-structural-characterization-of-mono-2-ethylhexyl-phthalate-mehp-hydrolase-on-the-basis-of-close-structural-homolog
#8
Neha Singh, Vikram Dalal, Jai Krishna Mahto, Pravindra Kumar
Three bacterial strains capable of degrading phthalates namely Pseudomonas sp. PKDM2, Pseudomonas sp. PKDE1 and Pseudomonas sp. PKDE2 were isolated and characterized for their degradative potential. These strains efficiently degraded 77.4%-84.4% of DMP, 75.0%-75.7% of DEP and 71.7%-74.7% of DEHP, initial amount of each phthalate is 500mgL(-1) of each phthalate, after 44h of incubation. GC-MS results reveal the tentative DEHP degradation pathway, where hydrolases mediate the breakdown of DEHP to phthalic acid (PA) via an intermediate MEHP...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528305/characterization-of-estrogenic-and-androgenic-activity-of-phthalates-by-the-xenoscreen-yes-yas-in-vitro-assay
#9
Radosław Czernych, Milena Chraniuk, Paweł Zagożdżon, Lidia Wolska
The presented study investigates and compares the estrogenic and androgenic activities of commonly used diesters of phthalic acid (phthalates) using the XenoScreen YES/YAS assay. Phthalates are commonly used plasticizers in polymers dedicated for i.e. food and drug containers. Since phthalates are not chemically bonded to the polymer, they can leach or migrate from the polymer. Therefore, phthalates are identified as contaminants in a variety of consumer products. Investigation of estrogenic and androgenic activities of phthalates (DEP, DBP, BBP, DEHP and DINP) showed no significant effect of tested substances either on hERα or hAR receptors...
May 12, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528174/prenatal-exposure-to-di-n-butyl-phthalate-disrupts-the-development-of-adult-leydig-cells-in-male-rats-during-puberty
#10
Xiaomin Chen, Linxi Li, Huitao Li, Hongguo Guan, Yaoyao Dong, Xiaoheng Li, Qiufan Wang, Qingquan Lian, Guoxin Hu, Ren-Shan Ge
Fetal exposure to di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP) causes the adult disease such as lower testosterone production and infertility. However, the mechanism is still unknown. The objective of the present study is to determine how DBP affects the involution of fetal Leydig cells during the neonatal period and how this event causes the delayed development of the adult Leydig cells during puberty. The pregnant Sprague Dawley dams were randomly divided into 3 groups and were gavaged with 0 (corn oil, the vehicle control), 100 or 500mg/kg DBP from gestational day 12 (G12) to G21...
May 17, 2017: Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526941/urinary-cadmium-and-cotinine-levels-and-hair-mercury-levels-in-czech-children-and-their-mothers-within-the-framework-of-the-cophes-democophes-projects
#11
Kateřina Forysová, Anna Pinkr-Grafnetterová, Marek Malý, Andrea Krsková, Jaroslav Mráz, Lucie Kašparová, Mája Čejchanová, Lenka Sochorová, Sylva Rödlová, Milena Černá
The COPHES/DEMOCOPHES twin project was performed in 2011-2012 in 17 European countries to harmonize all steps of the human biomonitoring survey. Urinary cadmium, cotinine, phthalate metabolites, and hair mercury were measured in children (N = 120, 6-11 years) and their mothers of reproductive age, living in urban or rural areas. Cadmium in mothers' and children's urine was detected at a geometric mean (GM) concentration 0.227 and 0.109 μg/L, respectively; 95th percentile (P95) was 0.655 and 0.280 μg/L in mothers and children, respectively...
May 19, 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526321/effects-of-dehp-and-its-metabolite-mehp-on-insulin-signalling-and-proteins-involved-in-glut4-translocation-in-cultured-l6-myotubes
#12
Mangala Priya Viswanathan, Vigneswari Mullainadhan, Mayilvanan Chinnaiyan, Balasubramanian Karundevi
Di-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) is the plasticizer used in variety of medical and consumer products to impart structural flexibility. DEHP and its primary metabolite mono-(2-ethyl hexyl)phthalate (MEHP) posed a considerable interest because of their contribution to insulin resistance, type-2 diabetes and obesity. Experimental and epidemiological data have shown that DEHP affects blood glucose homeostasis. However, direct effect of DEHP and its metabolite MEHP on insulin signal transduction and glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) translocation remain obscure...
May 16, 2017: Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526231/exposures-to-endocrine-disrupting-chemicals-in-consumer-products-a-guide-for-pediatricians
#13
Katelyn H Wong, Timur S Durrani
Endocrine disrupting chemicals, a group of exogenous chemicals that can interfere with hormone action in the body, have been implicated in disrupting endocrine function, which negatively affects human health and development. Endocrine disrupting chemicals are ubiquitously detected in consumer products, foods, beverages, personal care products, and household cleaning products. Due to concerns about their negative effects on human health, several professional health provider societies have recommended the reduction of common endocrine disrupting chemical exposures...
May 16, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525834/exposure-to-phenols-parabens-and-uv-filters-associations-with-loss-of-function-mutations-in-the-filaggrin-gene-in-men-from-the-general-population
#14
Ulla N Joensen, Niels Jørgensen, Jacob P Thyssen, Jørgen Holm Petersen, Pal B Szecsi, Steen Stender, Anne-Maria Andersson, Niels E Skakkebæk, Hanne Frederiksen
BACKGROUND: Filaggrin is an epidermal protein that is important for normal skin barrier functions. Up to 10% of Europeans and Asians carry filaggrin gene (FLG) loss-of function mutations that appear to facilitate trans-epidermal penetration of certain chemicals. We previously showed that mutation carriers have higher internal exposure to certain phthalates, compared to controls, and hypothesized that they could have increased trans-epidermal penetration of other chemicals. OBJECTIVES: We investigated exposure to non-persistent chemicals in young Danish men with and without FLG mutations...
May 16, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525815/an-integrated-approach-to-study-the-risk-from-landfill-soil-of-delhi-chemical-analyses-in-vitro-assays-and-human-risk-assessment
#15
Swati, Pooja Ghosh, Indu Shekhar Thakur
In the present study, landfill soil of three municipal solid waste landfill sites of Delhi, India were toxico-chemically analyzed for human risk assessment as inadequate information is available on the possible health effects of the contaminants present in landfill soil. The landfill soil samples were prepared for analyzing heavy metal concentration, organic contaminants and toxicity analysis separately. Composite soil sample collected from three landfill sites were analyzed for heavy metal by ICP-AES. Metal concentration so obtained was below the permissible limit of soil but higher than the set limits for effluent...
May 16, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521687/diet-and-contaminants-driving-the-rise-to-obesity-epidemics
#16
Agostino Di Ciaula, Piero Portincasa
The obesity epidemic is spreading worldwide without reversal trend and despite specific policies oriented to dietary habits and lifestyle, which seem to have modest effects. Genetic factors only partly explain the rise, whereas environmental factors seem to play a key role, mainly by gene-environment interactions through epigenetic mechanisms. A number of animal and human studies point to maternal diet, intestinal microbiota and chemicals introduced as contaminants with food, all factors able to increase the risk of obesity...
May 17, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514937/modelling-and-optimization-of-a-nanophotocatalytic-process-using-fe-ag-zno-under-visible-led-irradiation-for-dibutyl-phthalate-removal-from-aqueous-environments
#17
B Akbari-Adergani, M H Saghi, A Eslami, A Mohseni-Bandpei, M Rabbani
An (Fe, Ag) co-doped ZnO nanostructure was synthesized by a simple chemical co-precipitation method and used for the degradation of dibutyl phthalate (DBP) in aqueous solution under visible LED irradiation. (Fe, Ag) co-doped ZnO nanorods were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), UV-Vis DRS, elemental mapping, Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), TEM and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area analysis. A Central Composite Design was used to optimize the reaction parameters for the removal of DBP by the (Fe, Ag) co-doped ZnO nanorods...
May 18, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507481/isolation-and-characterization-of-phthalates-from-brevibacterium-mcbrellneri-that-cause-cytotoxicity-and-cell-cycle-arrest
#18
Maheshwari Rajamanikyam, Varahalarao Vadlapudi, Sai Prathima Parvathaneni, Dhevendar Koude, Prabhakar Sripadi, Sunil Misra, Ramars Amanchy, Suryanarayana Murty Upadhyayula
Bacteria belonging to the family Brevibacterieae are ubiquitous Gram positive organisms that are responsible for the feet odour and cheese aroma. Brevibacterium mcbrellneri is a relatively new member belonging to Brevibacterieae. In the current manuscript we discuss isolation of biologically active metabolites from Brevibacterium mcbrellneri. Two aromatic esters were isolated from Brevibacterium mcbrellneri by "Bioassay guided fractionation strategy" and identified as di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate and dibutyl phthalate by chemical characterization using biophysical techniques...
2017: EXCLI journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506834/safety-evaluation-of-dermal-exposure-to-phthalates-metabolism-dependent-percutaneous-absorption
#19
Masahiro Sugino, Tomomi Hatanaka, Hiroaki Todo, Yuko Mashimo, Takamasa Suzuki, Miho Kobayashi, Osamu Hosoya, Hideto Jinno, Kazuhiko Juni, Kenji Sugibayashi
Phthalates, known as reproductive toxicants and endocrine disruptors, are widely used as plasticizers in polyvinyl chloride products. The present study was conducted for risk identification of dermal exposure to phthalates. When dibutyl phthalate was applied to the skin of hairless rats and humans, only monobutyl phthalate appeared through the skin, and the permeability of the skin was higher than that after the application of the monoester directly. The inhibition of skin esterases made the skin impermeable to the metabolite following dermal exposure to dibutyl ester, whereas removal of the stratum corneum from the skin did not change the skin permeation behavior...
May 12, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501012/alkylphenol-and-phthalate-contamination-of-all-sources-of-greywater-from-french-households
#20
S Deshayes, V Eudes, M Bigourie, C Droguet, R Moilleron
Despite the importance of domestic wastewater, the contribution of greywater to both alkylphenol and phthalate pollution is not yet well documented. Likewise, the detailed emissions of phthalates and alkylphenols by greywater have been insufficiently studied, this work aims to fill this gap. The levels of four phthalates (DEP, DnBP, BBP and DEHP) and two alkylphenols (nonylphenol isomers and octylphenol) were quantified in six different types of greywater, namely that from washing machines, manual dishwashing, dishwashers, bathroom water (from showers and sinks) and floor cleaning...
May 10, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
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