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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352200/meta-analysis-of-soil-mercury-accumulation-by-vegetables
#1
Haixin Yu, Jing Li, Yaning Luan
Mercury pollution in soil poses serious risks to human health through consumption of contaminated vegetables. We used a meta-analysis to examine the mercury enrichment ability of different vegetables and the main factors affecting mercury uptake. We drew the following conclusions. (1) Plants with a lower bioconcentration factor (BCF) include cowpea, long bean, and radish, whereas plants with a higher BCF include green pepper, spinach, cabbage, and Chinese cabbage. (2) Leaf and cucurbit have the highest and lowest capacity, respectively, for mercury enrichment...
January 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343737/moderate-decline-in-select-synaptic-markers-in-the-prefrontal-cortex-ba9-of-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-at-various-cognitive-stages
#2
Odile Poirel, Sébastien Mella, Catherine Videau, Lauriane Ramet, Maria Antonietta Davoli, Etienne Herzog, Pavel Katsel, Naguib Mechawar, Vahram Haroutunian, Jacques Epelbaum, Stéphanie Daumas, Salah El Mestikawy
Synaptic loss, plaques and neurofibrillary tangles are viewed as hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease (AD). This study investigated synaptic markers in neocortical Brodmann area 9 (BA9) samples from 171 subjects with and without AD at different levels of cognitive impairment. The expression levels of vesicular glutamate transporters (VGLUT1&2), glutamate uptake site (EAAT2), post-synaptic density protein of 95 kD (PSD95), vesicular GABA/glycine transporter (VIAAT), somatostatin (som), synaptophysin and choline acetyl transferase (ChAT) were evaluated...
January 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340599/a-benchmark-study-of-scoring-methods-for-non-coding-mutations
#3
Damien Drubay, Daniel Gautheret, Stefan Michiels
Motivation: Detailed knowledge of coding sequences has led to different candidate models for pathogenic variant prioritization. Several deleteriousness scores have been proposed for the non-coding part of the genome, but no large-scale comparison has been realized to date to assess their performance. Results: We compared the leading scoring tools (CADD, FATHMM-MKL, Funseq2 and GWAVA) and some recent competitors (DANN, SNP and SOM scores) for their ability to discriminate assumed pathogenic variants from assumed benign variants (using the ClinVar, COSMIC and 1000 genomes project databases)...
January 11, 2018: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329226/plils-a-practical-indoor-localization-system-through-less-expensive-wireless-chips-via-subregion-clustering
#4
Xiaolong Li, Yifu Yang, Jun Cai, Yun Deng, Junfeng Yang, Xinmin Zhou, Lina Tan
Reducing costs is a pragmatic method for promoting the widespread usage of indoor localization technology. Conventional indoor localization systems (ILSs) exploit relatively expensive wireless chips to measure received signal strength for positioning. Our work is based on a cheap and widely-used commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) wireless chip, i.e., the Nordic Semiconductor nRF24LE1, which has only several output power levels, and proposes a new power level based-ILS, called Plils. The localization procedure incorporates two phases: an offline training phase and an online localization phase...
January 12, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328635/adsorption-and-molecular-fractionation-of-dissolved-organic-matter-on-iron-bearing-mineral-matrices-of-varying-crystallinity
#5
Elizabeth K Coward, Tsutomu Ohno, Alain F Plante
Iron (Fe)-bearing mineral phases contribute disproportionately to adsorption of soil organic matter (SOM), due to their elevated chemical reactivity and specific surface area (SSA). However, the spectrum of Fe solid-phase speciation present in oxidation-reduction-active soils challenges analysis of SOM-mineral interactions and may induce differential molecular fractionation of dissolved organic matter (DOM). This work used paired selective dissolution experiments and batch sorption of post-extraction residues to 1) quantify the contributions of Fe-bearing minerals of varying crystallinity to DOM sorption, and 2) characterize molecular fractionation using Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FT-ICR-MS)...
January 12, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317363/spheno-orbital-meningiomas-surgery-multicenter-management-study-for-complex-extensive-tumors
#6
Louis-Marie Terrier, Florian Bernard, Henri-Dominique Fournier, Xavier Morandi, Stéphane Velut, Pierre-Louis Hénaux, Aymeric Amelot, Patrick François
BACKGROUND: Spheno-orbital meningiomas (SOMs) are complex tumors involving the sphenoid wing, the orbit, and sometimes the cavernous sinus with bone hyperostosis and sheet-like dural involvement. Optimal removal, proptosis cure and visual preservation remain a challenge. OBJECTIVE: To study the management of surgically treated SOMs METHODS: The clinical records of 130 consecutive patients undergoing surgery for SOMs were retrospectively collected in a database during a 20-year period to analyze symptoms, surgical technique, clinical outcome, and follow-up...
January 6, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316719/calbindin-d28k-immunoreactivity-in-human-enteric-neurons
#7
Katharina Zetzmann, Johanna Strehl, Carol Geppert, Stefanie Kuerten, Samir Jabari, Axel Brehmer
Calbindin (CALB) is well established as immunohistochemical marker for intrinsic primary afferent neurons in the guinea pig gut. Its expression by numerous human enteric neurons has been demonstrated but little is known about particular types of neurons immunoreactive for CALB. Here we investigated small and large intestinal wholemount sets of 26 tumor patients in order to evaluate (1) the proportion of CALB⁺ neurons in the total neuron population, (2) the colocalization of CALB with calretinin (CALR), somatostatin (SOM) and vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) and (3) the morphology of CALB+ neurons...
January 8, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315638/comparative-genomics-and-transcriptomics-depict-ericoid-mycorrhizal-fungi-as-versatile-saprotrophs-and-plant-mutualists
#8
Elena Martino, Emmanuelle Morin, Gwen-Aëlle Grelet, Alan Kuo, Annegret Kohler, Stefania Daghino, Kerrie W Barry, Nicolas Cichocki, Alicia Clum, Rhyan B Dockter, Matthieu Hainaut, Rita C Kuo, Kurt LaButti, Björn D Lindahl, Erika A Lindquist, Anna Lipzen, Hassine-Radhouane Khouja, Jon Magnuson, Claude Murat, Robin A Ohm, Steven W Singer, Joseph W Spatafora, Mei Wang, Claire Veneault-Fourrey, Bernard Henrissat, Igor V Grigoriev, Francis M Martin, Silvia Perotto
Some soil fungi in the Leotiomycetes form ericoid mycorrhizal (ERM) symbioses with Ericaceae. In the harsh habitats in which they occur, ERM plant survival relies on nutrient mobilization from soil organic matter (SOM) by their fungal partners. The characterization of the fungal genetic machinery underpinning both the symbiotic lifestyle and SOM degradation is needed to understand ERM symbiosis functioning and evolution, and its impact on soil carbon (C) turnover. We sequenced the genomes of the ERM fungi Meliniomyces bicolor, M...
January 7, 2018: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313406/transcriptomic-insights-into-temporal-expression-pattern-of-autophagy-genes-during-monocytic-and-granulocytic-differentiation
#9
Yan Huang, Puwen Tan, Xiaoshuang Wang, Ying Yi, Dong Wang, Yongfei Hu, Fang Wang
Macroautophagy/autophagy plays an essential role in hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) differentiation. However, the role of autophagy during monocytic and granulocytic differentiation remains poorly understood. Hence, we first represented global transcriptomic analysis for temporal expression of autophagy genes during monocytic and granulocytic differentiation by combining RNA-Seq data with monocytic and granulocytic induction in CD34+ hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells. According to a self-organizing map (SOM) algorithm, our results show temporal expression patterns of autophagy genes during monocytic and granulocytic differentiation...
January 9, 2018: Autophagy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308798/rapid-reaction-of-mos2-nanosheets-with-pb2-and-pb4-ions-in-solution
#10
Biswajit Mondal, Ananthu Mahendranath, Anirban Som, Sandeep Bose, Tripti Ahuja, Avula Anil Kumar, Jyotirmoy Ghosh, Thalappil Pradeep
Understanding the chemical changes happening to nanostructures during a process is vital in selecting them for applications. Here, we investigated the difference in the reactivity of the bulk and nanoscale forms of molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) in solution with lead ions (Pb2+ and Pb4+) as probes, at room temperature. While the bulk form did not show any reactivity in the experimental timescale, the two-dimensional (2D) nanoscale form showed not only reactivity but also quite rapid kinetics that resulted in the formation of distinct products, principally PbMoO4 with anion substitution, in a few seconds...
January 8, 2018: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305268/long-term-estradiol-17%C3%AE-exposure-decreases-the-cholinergic-innervation-pattern-of-the-pig-ovary
#11
B Jana, K A Meller, M Czajkowska, J Całka
Elevated levels of endogenous estrogens in the course of pathological states of ovaries, as well as xenoestrogens, may lead to hyperestrogenism. It has previously been demonstrated that long-term estradiol-17β (E2) administration in adult gilts affected the population of sympathetic intraovarian nerve fibers. The aim of this study has been to determine the effect of long-term E2 exposure on the cholinergic innervation pattern of porcine ovaries. Intraovarian distribution and the density of nerve fibers immunoreactive (IR) to vesicular acetylocholine transporter (VAChT) and/or neuronal isoform of nitric oxide synthase (nNOS), vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), somatostatin (SOM) were determined...
January 2, 2018: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303500/temperature-induced-pseudopolymorphism-of-molecular-salts-from-a-pyridyl-bis-urea-macrocycle-and-naphthalene-1-5-disulfonic-acid
#12
Bozumeh Som, Jessica R Shue, Mark D Smith, Linda S Shimizu
Molecular salts, often observed as cocrystals, play an important role in the fields of pharmaceutics and materials science, where salt formation is used to tune the properties of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) and improve the stability of solid-state materials. Salt formation via a proton-transfer reaction typically alters hydrogen-bonding motifs and influences supramolecular assembly patterns. We report here the molecular salts formed by the pyridyl bis-urea macrocycle 3,5,13,15,21,22-hexaazatricyclo[15...
January 1, 2018: Acta Crystallographica. Section C, Structural Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302082/student-engagement-with-a-flipped-classroom-teaching-design-affects-pharmacology-examination-performance-in-a-manner-dependent-on-question-type
#13
Paul J White, Som Naidu, Elizabeth Yuriev, Jennifer L Short, Jacqueline E McLaughlin, Ian C Larson
Objective: To investigate the relationship between student engagement with the key elements of a flipped classroom approach (preparation and attendance), their attitudes to learning, including strategy development, and their performance on two types of examination questions (knowledge recall and providing rational predictions when faced with novel scenarios). Methods. This study correlated student engagement with the flipped classroom and student disposition to learning with student ability to solve novel scenarios in examinations...
November 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300837/pv-cells-enhance-temporal-population-codes-but-not-stimulus-related-timing-in-auditory-cortex
#14
Bryan M Krause, Caitlin A Murphy, Daniel J Uhlrich, Matthew I Banks
Spatio-temporal cortical activity patterns relative to both peripheral input and local network activity carry information about stimulus identity and context. GABAergic interneurons are reported to regulate spiking at millisecond precision in response to sensory stimulation and during gamma oscillations; their role in regulating spike timing during induced network bursts is unclear. We investigated this issue in murine auditory thalamo-cortical (TC) brain slices, in which TC afferents induced network bursts similar to previous reports in vivo...
December 28, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298431/postsynaptic-gababrs-inhibit-l-type-calcium-channels-and-abolish-long-term-potentiation-in-hippocampal-somatostatin-interneurons
#15
Sam A Booker, Desiree Loreth, Annabelle L Gee, Masahiko Watanabe, Peter C Kind, David J A Wyllie, Ákos Kulik, Imre Vida
Inhibition provided by local GABAergic interneurons (INs) activates ionotropic GABAA and metabotropic GABAB receptors (GABABRs). Despite GABABRs representing a major source of inhibition, little is known of their function in distinct IN subtypes. Here, we show that, while the archetypal dendritic-inhibitory somatostatin-expressing INs (SOM-INs) possess high levels of GABABR on their somato-dendritic surface, they fail to produce significant postsynaptic inhibitory currents. Instead, GABABRs selectively inhibit dendritic CaV1...
January 2, 2018: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297823/disease-screening-in-southern-river-terrapins-batagur-affinis-edwardmolli-in-cambodia
#16
Tracie A Seimon, Brian D Horne, Ania Tomaszewicz, Mathieu Pruvot, Sitha Som, Samat In, Chea Sokha, Steve Platt, Patricia Toledo, Denise McAloose, Paul P Calle
Southern River terrapins ( Batagur affinis) are among the most critically endangered turtles in the world. To augment the Cambodia population, a head-start program was established for the endemic subspecies Batagur affinis edwardmolli in 2006, and in 2015, prerelease health assessments were performed on 70 subadults (hatch years, 2006-2011). Combined choanal/cloacal swab samples ( n = 70) were collected and screened by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for Mycoplasma, herpesvirus, and ranavirus. Cloacal samples ( n = 50) were also collected and cultured for Salmonella sp...
December 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297591/fenton-reaction-facilitates-organic-nitrogen-acquisition-by-an-ectomycorrhizal-fungus
#17
Michiel Op De Beeck, Carl Troein, Carsten Peterson, Per Persson, Anders Tunlid
Boreal trees rely on their ectomycorrhizal fungal symbionts to acquire growth-limiting nutrients, such as nitrogen (N), which mainly occurs as proteins complexed in soil organic matter (SOM). The mechanisms for liberating this N are unclear as ectomycorrhizal fungi have lost many genes encoding lignocellulose-degrading enzymes present in their saprotrophic ancestors. We hypothesized that hydroxyl radicals (˙ OH), produced by the ectomycorrhizal fungus Paxillus involutus during growth on SOM, are involved in liberating organic N...
January 3, 2018: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297566/immunohistochemical-characteristics-of-neurons-in-the-ganglia-of-the-greater-splanchnic-nerve-of-the-pig
#18
Jamal Nourinezhad, Piotr Podlasz, Krzysztof Wasowicz
INTRODUCTION: Greater splanchnic nerve (GSN) is by far the largest of the splanchnic nerves and connects the paravertebral and prevertebral ganglia to transmit the majority of nociceptive information from the viscera. Despite its importance, the immunohistochemical features of the porcine GSN neurons have not yet been examined. Therefore, the aim of the study was to investigate the neurochemistry of the porcine GSN neurons and to compare their neurochemical coding with those of the paravertebral and prevertebral ganglia...
January 3, 2018: Folia Histochemica et Cytobiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282658/community-structure-of-grassland-ground-dwelling-arthropods-along-increasing-soil-salinities
#19
Chengchen Pan, Qi Feng, Jiliang Liu, Yulin Li, Yuqiang Li, Xiaoya Yu
Ground-dwelling arthropod communities are influenced by numerous biotic and abiotic factors. Little is known, however, about the relative importance of vegetation structure and abiotic environmental factors on the patterns of ground-dwelling arthropod community across a wide range of soil salinities. Here, a field survey was conducted to assess the driving forces controlling ground-dwelling arthropod community in the salinized grasslands in the Hexi Corridor, Gansu Province, China. The data were analyzed by variance partitioning with canonical correspondence analysis (CCA)...
December 27, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275780/the-four-week-time-frame-for-somatic-symptom-questionnaires-reflects-subjective-symptom-burden-best
#20
Monica L Joustra, Karin A M Janssens, Hendrika M Schenk, Judith G M Rosmalen
OBJECTIVE: Various questionnaires are available to assess somatic symptom burden, however their assessment time frames vary largely. The aim of this study was to investigate the most relevant assessment time frame for somatic symptoms by relating somatic symptom burden, with varying time frames, to quality of life (QoL) and health anxiety as indicators for clinical relevance of symptoms. METHODS: This study was performed in data derived from a convenience sample of 3477 participants (age: 48...
January 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
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