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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896530/maxillary-sinus-mucocele-predisposing-factors-clinical-presentations-and-treatment
#1
Mosaad Abdel-Aziz, Hassan El-Hoshy, Khaled Azooz, Nader Naguib, Ahmed Hussein
PURPOSE: Maxillary sinus mucocele (MSM) is uncommon lesion and has many presenting features. The aim of this study was to detect the possible predisposing factors, clinical characteristics, and to assess the efficacy of trans-nasal endoscopic treatment of this lesion. METHODS: This retrospective multicenter study was conducted on 36 patients with MSM, the diagnosis of the disease was based on computed tomographic criteria. The patients' history, presenting features, and surgical management were reviewed...
November 28, 2016: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890989/the-burden-of-segregated-respiratory-diseases-in-india-and-the-quality-of-care-in-these-patients-results-from-the-asia-pacific-burden-of-respiratory-diseases-study
#2
Aloke Gopal Ghoshal, G D Ravindran, Paras Gangwal, Girish Rajadhyaksha, Sang-Heon Cho, Abdul Razak Bin Abdul Muttalif, Horng-Chyuan Lin, Sanguansak Thanaviratananich, Shalini Bagga, Rab Faruqi, Shiva Sajjan, Pradeep Shetty, Raeesuddin Syed, Kim K Hamrosi, De Yun Wang
BACKGROUND: Chronic respiratory diseases such as asthma, allergic rhinitis (AR), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and rhinosinusitis are becoming increasingly prevalent in the Asia-Pacific region. The Asia-Pacific Burden of Respiratory Diseases study examined the disease and economic burden of AR, asthma, COPD, and rhinosinusitis across the Asia-Pacific and more specifically India. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the proportion of adults receiving care for asthma, AR, COPD, and rhinosinusitis and assess the economic burden, both direct and indirect of these chronic respiratory disease...
November 2016: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881264/quality-of-life-and-economic-burden-of-respiratory-disease-in-asia-pacific-asia-pacific-burden-of-respiratory-diseases-study
#3
De Yun Wang, Aloke Gopal Ghoshal, Abdul Razak Bin Abdul Muttalif, Horng-Chyuan Lin, Sanguansak Thanaviratananich, Shalini Bagga, Rab Faruqi, Shiva Sajjan, Alan J M Brnabic, Francis C Dehle, Sang-Heon Cho
OBJECTIVES: Asia-Pacific Burden of Respiratory Diseases is a cross-sectional, observational study examining the burden of disease in adults with respiratory diseases across six countries. The aim of this study was to describe health care resource use (HCRU), work impairment, cost burden, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) associated with respiratory disease in the Asia-Pacific. METHODS: Consecutive participants aged 18 years or older with a primary diagnosis of asthma, allergic rhinitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or rhinosinusitis were enrolled...
May 2016: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876739/-the-state-of-the-nasal-mucosa-and-the-paranasal-sinuses-in-the-late-postoperative-period-following-radical-and-minimally-invasive-surgery
#4
M M Magomedov, D F Zeinalova, D V Andriyashkin, N M Magomedova, A E Starostina, M V Zvereva
We have investigated the functional state of the mucous membrane of the nasal cavity and maxillary sinus after radical and minimally invasive surgical procedures during the log-term postoperative period, i.e. three and more months after the intervention. The materials for the study were brushings and histological biopsies; in addition, the functional parameters of the mucous membranes of the nose and maxillary sinuses were estimated before and after surgery. It has been found that the type of the surgical intervention on the inferior turbinate bones for the treatment of chronic rhinitis, such as gentle turbinotomy, has no significant influence on the state of the mucous membrane...
2016: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875376/rhinitis-adherence-to-treatment-and-new-technologies
#5
Fulvio Braido, Ilaria Baiardini, Francesca Puggioni, Silvia Garuti, Ruby Pawankar, G Walter Canonica
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Nonadherence to treatment is a major issue in approximately 50% of patients suffering from chronic diseases. The availability of new technologies could represent a possible way to improve patients' engagement and adherence in a real-life setting. Research and technology tools made available or in process of being made available to patients with allergic diseases and their physicians could potentially improve the management of these disease in daily life by improving adherence...
November 21, 2016: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827953/blocking-trpa1-in-respiratory-disorders-does-it-hold-a-promise
#6
REVIEW
Indranil Mukhopadhyay, Abhay Kulkarni, Neelima Khairatkar-Joshi
Transient Receptor Potential Ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) ion channel is expressed abundantly on the C fibers that innervate almost entire respiratory tract starting from oral cavity and oropharynx, conducting airways in the trachea, bronchi, terminal bronchioles, respiratory bronchioles and upto alveolar ducts and alveoli. Functional presence of TRPA1 on non-neuronal cells got recognized recently. TRPA1 plays a well-recognized role of "chemosensor", detecting presence of exogenous irritants and endogenous pro-inflammatory mediators that are implicated in airway inflammation and sensory symptoms like chronic cough, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), allergic rhinitis and cystic fibrosis...
November 5, 2016: Pharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822287/traditional-chinese-medicine-use-among-patients-with-psoriasis-in-taiwan-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#7
Shu-Wen Weng, Bor-Chyuan Chen, Yu-Chiao Wang, Chun-Kai Liu, Mao-Feng Sun, Ching-Mao Chang, Jaung-Geng Lin, Hung-Rong Yen
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has long been used for patients with psoriasis. This study aimed to investigate TCM usage in patients with psoriasis. We analyzed a cohort of one million individuals representing the 23 million enrollees randomly selected from the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan. We identified 28,510 patients newly diagnosed with psoriasis between 2000 and 2010. Among them, 20,084 (70.4%) patients were TCM users. Patients who were female, younger, white-collar workers and lived in urbanized area tended to be TCM users...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817798/advances-in-rhinitis-and-rhinosinusitis-in-2015
#8
REVIEW
Claus Bachert, Elien Gevaert
The last year has seen great progress in the understanding of upper airway disease and in its management. For allergic rhinitis, authors focused on the prediction of and effect on the natural course of disease. New evidence was published for the disease-modifying effect of allergen immunotherapy in terms of avoidance of new sensitizations and prevention of asthma in either randomized or real-life studies. Specifically, for patients with house dust mite allergies, which are often underestimated and difficult to diagnose, the efficacy of SQ house dust mite sublingual immunotherapy tablets has been demonstrated in patients with allergic rhinitis and asthma...
November 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808589/challenges-for-drug-discovery-and-development-in-china
#9
Kam Lun Hon, Vivian W Y Lee
The drug development industry is restructuring worldwide in terms of the research and development process. As with pharmaceuticals in the west and worldwide, China faces major challenges for drug discovery and development. Areas covered. In this review, the authors discuss anti-cancer, anti-allergy, anti-infectious, and proprietary Chinese Medicines (pCM) for various chronic diseases (such as the allergic diseases: eczema, asthma and allergic rhinitis), which remain the contemporary therapeutic strategies that are being explored and developed...
November 3, 2016: Expert Opinion on Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802847/a-multistrain-probiotic-formulation-attenuates-skin-symptoms-of-atopic-dermatitis-in-a-mouse-model-through-the-generation-of-cd4-foxp3-t-cells
#10
Joo-Hyun Shin, Myung-Jun Chung, Jae-Gu Seo
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is characterized by chronic inflammation of the skin. AD develops mainly in infants and young children. It induces skin disorders and signals the initiation of the allergic march including allergic asthma and rhinitis. Probiotics modify intestinal microbial populations in a beneficial way for human and animal hosts by reducing inflammatory cytokines. OBJECTIVE: As a result of their immunomodulatory properties, probiotics have been considered a promising therapeutic option for the prevention and treatment of AD...
2016: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801958/nasal-obstructive-disorders-induce-medical-treatment-failure-in-pediatric-persistent-allergic-rhinitis-the-nodpar-study
#11
Franklin S Mariño-Sánchez, Meritxell Valls-Mateus, Karen Ruiz-Echevarría, Isam Alobid, Paulina Cardenas-Escalante, Rosa Jiménez-Feijoo, Jaime Lozano-Blasco, María T Giner-Muñoz, Jesús Rodríguez-Jorge, Oliver Haag, Ana M Plaza-Martin, Joaquim Mullol
BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is the most common chronic disease among children. To characterize the disease, a modified classification of severity (m-ARIA) has recently been validated in AR children. When medical treatment fails, surgery for nasal obstructive disorders (NOD) may be a therapeutic option. Our objective was to assess the prevalence of NOD and their influence in medical treatment response among children with persistent AR (PER). METHODS: In a prospective, real-life study, 130 pediatric PER patients (13...
November 1, 2016: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800118/manifesto-on-small-airway-involvement-and-management-in-asthma-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-an-interasma-global-asthma-association-gaa-and-world-allergy-organization-wao-document-endorsed-by-allergic-rhinitis-and-its-impact-on-asthma-aria-and-global
#12
F Braido, N Scichilone, F Lavorini, O S Usmani, L Dubuske, L P Boulet, R Mosges, C Nunes, M Sanchez-Borges, I J Ansotegui, M Ebisawa, F Levi-Schaffer, L J Rosenwasser, J Bousquet, T Zuberbier, G Walter Canonica, A Cruz, A Yanez, A Yorgancioglu, D Deleanu, G Rodrigo, J Berstein, K Ohta, P Vichyanond, R Pawankar, S N Gonzalez-Diaz, S Nakajima, T Slavyanskaya, A Fink-Wagner, C Baez Loyola, D Ryan, G Passalacqua, J Celedon, J C Ivancevich, K Dobashi, M Zernotti, M Akdis, S Benjaponpitak, S Bonini, W Burks, L Caraballo, Z Awad El-Sayed, S Fineman, P Greenberger, E Hossny, J A Ortega-Martell, H Saito, M Tang, L Zhang
Evidence that enables us to identify, assess, and access the small airways in asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has led INTERASMA (Global Asthma Association) and WAO to take a position on the role of the small airways in these diseases. Starting from an extensive literature review, both organizations developed, discussed, and approved the manifesto, which was subsequently approved and endorsed by the chairs of ARIA and GA(2)LEN. The manifesto describes the evidence gathered to date and defines and proposes issues on small airway involvement and management in asthma and COPD with the aim of challenging assumptions, fostering commitment, and bringing about change...
2016: World Allergy Organization Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799958/th17-responses-are-not-altered-by-natural-exposure-to-seasonal-allergens-in-pollen-sensitive-patients
#13
Agata Schramm, Barbara Jasiewicz-Honkisz, Grzegorz Osmenda, Grzegorz Wilk, Mateusz Siedlinski, Agnieszka Sagan, Pawel T Matusik, Joanna Maciag, Tomasz Sliwa, Marta Czesnikiewicz-Guzik, Tomasz P Mikolajczyk
BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis affects 10-30 % of the global population and this number is likely to increase in the forthcoming years. Moreover, it commonly co-exists with allergic asthma as a chronic allergic respiratory syndrome. While the involvement of Th2 cells in allergy is well understood, alterations of pro-inflammatory Th17 responses remain poorly characterized. The aim of our study was to determine whether natural seasonal allergen exposure causes changes in T cell subset characteristics in patients with allergic rhinitis and asthma...
2016: Allergy, Asthma, and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799760/new-evidence-of-increased-risk-of-rhinitis-in-subjects-with-copd-a-longitudinal-population-study
#14
Joel Bergqvist, Anders Andersson, Anna-Carin Olin, Nicola Murgia, Linus Schiöler, Mogens Bove, Johan Hellgren
BACKGROUND: The aim of this population-based study was to investigate the risk of developing noninfectious rhinitis (NIR) in subjects with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a longitudinal population-based study comprising 3,612 randomly selected subjects from Gothenburg, Sweden, aged 25-75 years. Lung function was measured at baseline with spirometry and the included subjects answered a questionnaire on respiratory symptoms...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797859/snorting-the-clivus-away-an-extreme-case-of-cocaine-induced-midline-destructive-lesion
#15
Marco Molteni, Alberto Maria Saibene, Ketty Luciano, Alberto Maccari
Cocaine is a drug with relevant socioeconomic and clinical implications, which is usually recreationally used for its stimulant effects. It is widely known that the habit of snorting cocaine is associated with a peculiar type of drug-induced chronic rhinitis, which leads to inflammation of the sinonasal mucosa, slowly progressing to a destruction of nasal, palatal and pharyngeal tissues. These characteristic lesions due to cocaine abuse are commonly called cocaine-induced midline destructive lesions (CIMDL)...
October 20, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793344/solar-urticaria-epidemiology-and-clinical-phenotypes-in-a-spanish-series-of-224-patients
#16
A Pérez-Ferriols, M Barnadas, J Gardeazábal, D de Argila, J M Carrascosa, P Aguilera, A Giménez-Arnau, T Rodríguez-Granados, M V de Gálvez, J Aguilera
BACKGROUND: Solar urticaria is a chronic inducible urticaria also classified as an idiopathic dermatosis. The objective of this paper is to define the phenotypic characteristics of solar urticaria and to evaluate its incidence. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This was a retrospective multicenter study in which data were gathered on the epidemiology and clinical, photobiologic, laboratory, and therapeutic characteristics of solar urticaria. RESULTS: A total of 224 patients (141 women and 83 men) were included from 9 photobiology units...
October 25, 2016: Actas Dermo-sifiliográficas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790779/the-role-of-human-%C3%AE-defensins-in-allergic-diseases
#17
REVIEW
F Niyonsaba, C Kiatsurayanon, H Ogawa
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), also referred to as host defence peptides (HDPs), comprise a large family of small molecules broadly distributed throughout the animal and plant kingdom, historically serving as natural antibiotics. In mammals, there are two major families of AMPs/HDPs, the defensins and the cathelicidins. These peptides have evolved to protect against a wide range of infections from bacteria, viruses, fungi and some parasites. However, in addition to their broad-spectrum killing activities, AMPs/HDPs also possess various biological functions...
December 2016: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789065/knowledge-and-attitudes-among-patients-with-asthma-and-parents-and-physicians-towards-influenza-vaccination
#18
A Kaya, N Altınel, G Karakaya, F Çetinkaya
BACKGROUND: Influenza is an infectious disease, dangerous for all people, especially for some risk groups such as patients with chronic diseases and health care workers. But most of the people under the risk of influenza, including health care workers are not immunised because of misinformation. In this study, we aimed to determine the knowledge, beliefs and attitudes of patients with allergic rhinitis and asthma and parents of such children related to influenza vaccination. Attitudes and beliefs of physicians treating these patients about influenza vaccination were also investigated...
October 24, 2016: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780139/platycodin-d-inhibits-interleukin-13-induced-the-expression-of-inflammatory-cytokines-and-mucus-in-nasal-epithelial-cells
#19
Botao Wang, Ying Gao, Guoxi Zheng, Xiaoyong Ren, Bin Sun, Kang Zhu, Huanan Luo, Zhenghui Wang, Min Xu
Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a common chronic inflammatory condition of the nasal mucosal tissue. Platycodin D (PLD), a triterpenoid saponin isolated from the root of Platycodon grandiflorum, has anti-inflammatory effects in a mouse model of allergic asthma. However, the anti-inflammatory effects of PLD in the nasal mucosa have not been deeply investigated. The objective was to investigate the effect of PLD on inflammatory cytokines and mucus production from nasal epithelial cells. Our study showed that PLD inhibited the levels of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and eotaxin in interleukin (IL)-13-stimulated RPMI2650 cells...
October 22, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770532/impact-of-some-environmental-factors-on-human-health
#20
N Lomtatidze, G Dumbadze, M Chkhaidze, R Khakhnelidze
This paper presents statistical data of 2012-2015 on the diseases caused by the atmospheric air and water pollutions in Ajara region. The research on the content of dust, sulfur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide as well as carbon monoxide in the atmospheric air was held together with the National Environment Agency Ajara Monitoring Service. The results of the research have shown that the average content of the dust reached its maximum in 2012 (0.60 mg/m3) and it dropped to the minimum in 2015 (0.441 mg/m3). As for average content of carbon monoxide the maximum was observed in 2013 (3...
September 2016: Georgian Medical News
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