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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736909/a-double-blinded-randomized-controlled-crossover-evaluation-of-a-zinc-methionine-supplement-as-an-adjunctive-treatment-for-canine-atopic-dermatitis
#1
Rendina A McFadden, Nicole A Heinrich, Amy C Haarstad, Dana J Tomlinson
BACKGROUND: Zinc is important for skin health and proper immune system function. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: A zinc methionine, essential fatty acids (EFA) and biotin product (Zn supplement) was compared to an EFA and biotin product (control) in canine atopic dermatitis (CAD). ANIMALS: Twenty seven client-owned dogs with chronic CAD receiving ciclosporin or glucocorticoids. METHODS: A 24 week, randomized, double-blinded, controlled study with crossover at week 12 and 4 week period of allergy medication reduction at weeks 8 and 20...
July 23, 2017: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683218/biokinetics-of-aerosolized-liposomal-ciclosporin-a-in-human-lung-cells-in-vitro-using-an-air-liquid-cell-interface-exposure-system
#2
Otmar Schmid, Corinne Jud, Yuki Umehara, Dominik Mueller, Albert Bucholski, Friedrich Gruber, Oliver Denk, Roman Egle, Alke Petri-Fink, Barbara Rothen-Rutishauser
BACKGROUND: Inhalation of aerosolized drugs is a promising route for noninvasive targeted drug delivery to the lung. Nanocarrier systems such as liposomes have been explored for inhalation therapy opening new avenues, including stabilization of nonsoluble drugs (e.g., Ciclosporin A [CsA]) and controlled release. METHODS: The biokinetic behavior of the immunosuppressive drug CsA encapsulated in liposomes (L-CsA) at the lung epithelial barrier was studied in vitro...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Aerosol Medicine and Pulmonary Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683082/the-herbal-decoction-modified-danggui-buxue-tang-attenuates-immune-mediated-bone-marrow-failure-by-regulating-the-differentiation-of-t-lymphocytes-in-an-immune-induced-aplastic-anemia-mouse-model
#3
Peiying Deng, Xue Li, Yi Wei, Juan Liu, Meng Chen, Yamei Xu, Bin Dong, Lingqun Zhu, Limin Chai
Angelicae Sinensis, Radix Astragali and Rhizoma Coptidis are all herbs of modified Danggui Buxue Tang (DGBX) and are extensively applied herbs in traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of anemia and inflammation. In this study, immune-induced AA mice were used as an animal model, and the immunosuppressive agent, Ciclosporin A (CsA), was used as a positive control. Multiple pro-inflammatory cytokines were examined by bead-based multiplex flow cytometry. The T-cell subsets were assessed using a fluorescence-activated cell sorter (FACS)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681072/postoperative-course-of-laparoscopic-subtotal-colectomy-is-affected-by-prolonged-preoperative-anti-tnf-therapy-in-patients-with-acute-colitis-complicating-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#4
Marie Monsinjon, Diane Mege, Léon Maggiori, Xavier Treton, Yoram Bouhnik, Yves Panis
PURPOSE: The aim of medical treatment of severe acute colitis (SAC) complicating inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is to avoid surgery, but in 20 to 50% of the cases, colectomy remains necessary. This study aimed to determine the impact of the different lines of medical therapy (i.e., steroids, anti-TNF, or ciclosporin) on postoperative course after laparoscopic subtotal colectomy for SAC complicating IBD. METHODS: All the patients who underwent laparoscopic subtotal colectomy for SAC were included and divided into two groups: those who presented with postoperative morbidity (group A) and those with an uneventful postoperative course (group B)...
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651341/plasma-concentrations-of-atovaquone-given-to-immunocompromised-patients-to-prevent-pneumocystis-jirovecii
#5
Christine Robin, Minh Patrick Lê, Giovanna Melica, Laurent Massias, Rabah Redjoul, Nihel Khoudour, Mathieu Leclerc, Florence Beckerich, Sébastien Maury, Anne Hulin, Catherine Cordonnier
Objectives: Atovaquone is one of the alternatives to trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole for prophylaxis of Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) in immunocompromised patients. In volunteers, there was wide inter-individual variability in atovaquone bioavailability. The aim of this study was to assess the plasma concentrations of atovaquone in immunocompromised patients under PCP prophylaxis. Methods: Adult haematology or HIV-positive patients receiving atovaquone (750 mg oral suspension twice a day) for PCP prophylaxis were included...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634032/ciclosporin-use-in-epidermal-necrolysis-is-associated-with-an-important-mortality-reduction-evidence-from-three-different-approaches
#6
C González-Herrada, S Rodríguez-Martín, L Cachafeiro, V Lerma, O González, J A Lorente, A Rodríguez-Miguel, J González-Ramos, G Roustan, E Ramírez, T Bellón, F J de Abajo
Several immunomodulatory agents are used in the treatment of Epidermal Necrolysis (EN), but evidence of their efficacy is limited. The Autonomous Community of Madrid has two reference Burn Units (BUs) to which all patients with EN are referred to. One BU has mostly used ciclosporin (CsA), while the other has used non-CsA therapies (mainly high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin). The allocation of patients to one or another BU was mainly based on proximity resembling a random assignment. Thus, we took advantage of this "natural experiment" to estimate the mortality risk ratio (MRR) of CsA (N=26) as compared to non-CsA (n=16) using hospital as an instrumental variable (IV) over the period 2001-2015...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608233/alleviation-by-gabab-receptors-of-neurotoxicity-mediated-by-mitochondrial-permeability-transition-pore-in-cultured-murine-cortical-neurons-exposed-to-n-methyl-d-aspartate
#7
Toshihiko Kinjo, Yoshino Ashida, Hiroshi Higashi, Satoshi Sugimura, Miho Washida, Hiroki Niihara, Kiyokazu Ogita, Yukio Yoneda, Nobuyuki Kuramoto
Mitochondrial permeability transition pore (PTP) is supposed to at least in part participate in molecular mechanisms underlying the neurotoxicity seen after overactivation of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor (NMDAR) in neurons. In this study, we have evaluated whether activation of GABAB receptor (GABABR), which is linked to membrane G protein-coupled inwardly-rectifying K(+) ion channels (GIRKs), leads to protection of the NMDA-induced neurotoxicity in a manner relevant to mitochondrial membrane depolarization in cultured embryonic mouse cortical neurons...
June 12, 2017: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588889/validation-of-the-crohn-s-and-ulcerative-colitis-questionnaire-in-patients-with-acute-severe-ulcerative-colitis
#8
Hayley A Hutchings, Laith Alrubiay, Alan Watkins, W-Y Cheung, Anne C Seagrove, John G Williams
BACKGROUND: The Crohn's and Ulcerative Colitis questionnaire (CUCQ) has previously been validated in patients with mild to moderate Crohn's and ulcerative colitis (UC). The aim of this study was to validate the tool in patients with acute severe UC. METHODS: We undertook a validation of the CUCQ in patients recruited to the COmparison of iNfliximab and ciclosporin in STeroid Resistant Ulcerative Colitis Trial (CONSTRUCT). We carried out psychometric analysis to examine the underlying dimensions of the scale, internal consistency and construct validity...
June 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583289/long-term-outcomes-after-standard-graft-versus-host-disease-prophylaxis-with-or-without-anti-human-t-lymphocyte-immunoglobulin-in-haemopoietic-cell-transplantation-from-matched-unrelated-donors-final-results-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Jürgen Finke, Claudia Schmoor, Wolfgang Andreas Bethge, Hellmut Ottinger, Matthias Stelljes, Liisa Volin, Dominik Heim, Hartmut Bertz, Olga Grishina, Gerard Socie
BACKGROUND: Previously, we demonstrated that the addition of anti-human-T-lymphocyte immunoglobulin (ATLG) to standard ciclosporin and methotrexate prophylaxis reduced graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) in adult patients treated with allogeneic haemopoietic cell transplantation from matched unrelated donors without negatively affecting relapse and survival. Since reports on long-term results from randomised trials testing anti-thymocyte globulin are scarce, we performed an extended follow-up of the trial...
June 2017: Lancet Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567508/-psoriasis-capitis-and-seborrhoic-eczema-of-scalp-diseases
#10
REVIEW
M Sticherling
The scalp may be affected by various diseases with equally varying manifestations. Erythema and scaling is often accompanied by agonizing itch. Scalp psoriasis and seborrheic eczema represent the most frequent diseases, which can be differentiated into classical cases; however, overlap and similarities are seen. Sharply demarcated erythematosquamous plaques across the natural hairline in psoriasis are opposed to blurred dark-red erythema and yellowish, greasy scales in seborrheic eczema. Whereas with the latter diffuse alopecia may frequently be found, hair loss is rarely seen in psoriasis and may also be related to therapeutic agents...
June 2017: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543445/psoriasis-in-those-planning-a-family-pregnant-or-breast-feeding-the-australasian-psoriasis-collaboration
#11
REVIEW
Marius Rademaker, Karen Agnew, Megan Andrews, Katherine Armour, Chris Baker, Peter Foley, John Frew, Kurt Gebauer, Monisha Gupta, Debra Kennedy, Gillian Marshman, John Sullivan
The Australasian Psoriasis Collaboration has reviewed the evidence for managing moderate to severe psoriasis in those who are pregnant or are breast-feeding, or planning a family. The severity of the psoriasis, associated comorbidities and specific anti-psoriasis treatment, along with other exposures, can have a deleterious effect on pregnancy outcomes. Psoriasis itself increases the risk of preterm and low birthweight babies, along with spontaneous and induced abortions, but no specific birth defects have been otherwise demonstrated...
May 23, 2017: Australasian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525589/bone-marrow-involvement-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#12
Emilie Chalayer, Nathalie Costedoat-Chalumeau, Odile Beyne-Rauzy, Jacques Ninet, Stephane Durupt, Jacques Tebib, Bouchra Asli, Olivier Lambotte, Martine Ffrench, Christian Vasselon, Pascal Cathébras
BACKGROUND: Besides peripheral cytopenias, bone marrow abnormalities, such as fibrosis, pure red cell aplasia, and aplastic anemia have been reported in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), suggesting that bone marrow may be a target organ in SLE. Our objective was to describe this bone marrow involvement. METHODS: This registry is a nationwide retrospective study. Centers provided data concerning medical history, SLE manifestations, type of hematologic disorder, treatments and outcome...
May 19, 2017: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513001/the-frequency-of-urinary-tract-infection-and-subclinical-bacteriuria-in-dogs-with-allergic-dermatitis-treated-with-oclacitinib-a-prospective-study
#13
Andrew C Simpson, Jennifer R Schissler, Rod A W Rosychuk, A Russell Moore
BACKGROUND: Oclacitinib is a selective Janus kinase inhibitor for the treatment of canine allergic pruritus and atopic dermatitis in dogs. Glucocorticoids and ciclosporin increase urinary tract infection (UTI) frequency in dogs with inflammatory skin disease. OBJECTIVE: Prospective study to evaluate the frequency of UTI and subclinical bacteriuria in dogs with allergic dermatitis receiving oclacitinib. METHODS: Client-owned dogs ≥2 years of age with a history of allergic dermatitis without apparent history of urinary tract disease or predisposition to UTI were included...
May 17, 2017: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508388/positive-clinical-outcome-in-a-patient-with-recalcitrant-bullous-pemphigoid-treated-with-rituximab-and-intravenous-immunoglobulin
#14
T Nguyen, A R Ahmed
A 41-year-old white man was treated for bullous pemphigoid (BP) for 4 years, using high-dose prednisone as well as ciclosporin and mycophenolate mofetil. Sustained clinical improvement was not observed. He suffered several serious side effects. Consequently, he was treated with a combination of rituximab (RTX) and intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg). He received 12 infusions of RTX in 6 months and monthly IVIg until the end of the therapy. Within 5 weeks of this therapy, appearance of new lesions ceased. Within 8 weeks, all previous lesions resolved and previous medications were discontinued...
May 15, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483767/incidence-and-prevalence-of-psoriatic-arthritis-in-denmark-a-nationwide-register-linkage-study
#15
Alexander Egeberg, Lars Erik Kristensen, Jacob P Thyssen, Gunnar Hilmar Gislason, Alice B Gottlieb, Laura C Coates, Denis Jullien, Paolo Gisondi, Dafna D Gladman, Lone Skov, Lotus Mallbris
OBJECTIVES: To examine the incidence and temporal trends of psoriatic arthritis (PsA) in the general population in Denmark. METHODS: Using nationwide registry data, we estimated the number of patients with incident PsA within each 1-year period between 1997 and 2011 and calculated the rate of PsA cases within gender and age subgroups. Incidence rates were presented per 100 000 person-years. RESULTS: There was a female predominance ranging from 50...
May 8, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481421/immunomodulatory-treatment-other-than-corticosteroids-immunoglobulin-and-plasma-exchange-for-chronic-inflammatory-demyelinating-polyradiculoneuropathy
#16
REVIEW
Mohamed Mahdi-Rogers, Ruth Brassington, Angela A Gunn, Pieter A van Doorn, Richard Ac Hughes
BACKGROUND: Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) is a disease that causes progressive or relapsing and remitting weakness and numbness. It is probably caused by an autoimmune process. Immunosuppressive or immunomodulatory drugs would be expected to be beneficial. This review was first published in 2003 and has been updated most recently in 2016. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of immunomodulatory and immunosuppressive agents other than corticosteroids, immunoglobulin, and plasma exchange in CIDP...
May 8, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476284/pyoderma-gangrenosum-with-pathergy-a-potentially-significant-complication-following-breast-reconstruction
#17
D K Patel, M Locke, P Jarrett
The failure of postoperative surgical site infection to resolve after appropriate antibiotic therapy should alert the clinician to other diagnoses. Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is an inflammatory neutrophilic dermatosis that is typically characterized by necrotizing ulceration. PG can be exacerbated by minor trauma leading to exaggerated skin injury, a condition known as pathergy. We present a case series of PG arising after immediate reconstruction for breast oncological surgery from 1st January 2006 to 1st September 2014...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451010/-acquired-amegacaryocytic-thrombocytopenic-purpura-hiding-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#18
Hicham Eddou, Ali Zinebi, Abdelaziz Khalloufi, Mohammed Sina, Mehdi Mahtat, Kamal Doghmi, Mohammed Mikdame, Mohammed Karim Moudden, Mohammed El Baaj
Acquired amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenic purpura is a very rare condition characterized by severe thrombocytopenia linked to the reduction or disappearance of megakaryocytes in the bone marrow. It may be primary idiopathic or secondary to many pathological conditions including hematologic disorders. We report the case of a 24-year-old patient admitted for haemorrhagic syndrome caused by immunological thrombocytopenic purpura. The diagnosis was acquired amegakaryocytosis after the failure of corticotherapy and the performance of myelography...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439997/therapeutic-effectiveness-of-calcineurin-inhibitors-in-canine-vesicular-cutaneous-lupus-erythematosus
#19
Frane Banovic, David Robson, Monika Linek, Thierry Olivry
BACKGROUND: Oral and topical calcineurin inhibitors (CIs) have been reported to lead to complete lesion remission in several dogs with vesicular cutaneous lupus erythematosus (VCLE). OBJECTIVES: To report retrospectively on the effectiveness and adverse effects of systemic (ciclosporin) and/or topical (tacrolimus/pimecrolimus) CIs in 11 dogs with VCLE. METHODS: Inclusion criteria were: (i) presence of characteristic annular, polycyclic or serpiginous ulcerations distributed over the groin, axillae and/or ventral abdomen; (ii) a histopathological diagnosis of VCLE (i...
April 24, 2017: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423239/a-novel-jak-inhibitor-jte-052-reduces-skin-inflammation-and-ameliorates-chronic-dermatitis-in-rodent-models-comparison-with-conventional-therapeutic-agents
#20
Atsuo Tanimoto, Yuichi Shinozaki, Yasuo Yamamoto, Yoshiaki Katsuda, Eriko Riya, Kaoru Toyoda, Kochi Kakimoto, Yukari Kimoto, Wataru Amano, Noriko Konishi, Mikio Hayashi
Janus kinases (JAKs) are required for several inflammatory cytokine signaling pathways and are implicated in the pathogenesis of chronic dermatitis, including atopic dermatitis and psoriasis. JAK inhibitors are therefore promising therapeutic candidates for chronic dermatitis. In this study, we evaluated the effects of the novel JAK inhibitor JTE-052 on inflammatory responses associated with chronic dermatitis, and compared its profile with those of conventional therapeutic agents in rodent models of chronic dermatitis...
April 19, 2017: Experimental Dermatology
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