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impression cytology

Rahul Pannala, Karyn M Hallberg-Wallace, Amber L Smith, Aziza Nassar, Jun Zhang, Matthew Zarka, Jordan P Reynolds, Longwen Chen
INTRODUCTION: The increasing use of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) cytology to examine pancreatic neoplasms has led to an increase in the diagnosis of metastases to the pancreas. Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most common metastasis to the pancreas. Our study examines 33 cases of metastatic RCC to the pancreas sampled by EUS-FNA from four large tertiary care hospitals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched the cytopathology database for RCC metastatic to the pancreas diagnosed by EUS-FNA from January 2005 to January 2015...
2016: CytoJournal
B Li, Q F Liang
Impression cytology (IC) has been widely used as a method for evaluating the ocular surface and superficial cells layers in the diagnosis and follow-up after treatment of several ocular surface tumors of both epithelial and melanocytic origin. Compared with exfoliative cytology with spatula, IC is less traumatic to the patient's eye. It provides a precise location of the area being studied and allows accurate observation of the cells the way they exist in vivo. The additional advantage of IC is the preservation of limbal stem cells responsible for continuous corneal epithelium renewal...
October 11, 2016: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
Geraint P Williams, Peter Nightingale, Sue Southworth, Alastair K O Denniston, Paul J Tomlins, Stephen Turner, John Hamburger, Simon J Bowman, S John Curnow, Saaeha Rauz
Purpose: Ocular mucous membrane pemphigoid (OcMMP) is a rare autoimmune disorder resulting in progressive conjunctival fibrosis and ocular surface failure leading to sight loss in up to 50%. This study was designed to optimize an ocular surface sampling technique for identification of novel biomarkers associated with disease activity and/or progressive fibrosis. Methods: Fifty-seven patients with OcMMP underwent detailed examination of conjunctival inflammation and fibrosis using fornix depth measurement...
October 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Elif Demircan, Mehmet Citirik, Nilufer Berker, Hatice Unverdi, Sema Hucumenoglu
PURPOSE: To evaluate the ocular surface alterations and tear film functions in patients with ocular Behçet disease (BD). METHODS: This study included 48 eyes of 48 patients with inactive BD and a control group of 33 age- and sex-matched subjects. Schirmer I and tear break-up time (TBUT) tests were used to evaluate the tear film of the subjects. Impression cytology was used to evaluate morphological changes of the conjunctival surface epithelial cells. RESULTS: The mean Schirmer I test result was 11...
November 2016: Cornea
Yukiko Shiraki, Jun Shoji, Noriko Inada
Purpose. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical efficacy of using expression levels of CCL24 (eotaxin-2) mRNA on the ocular surface as a biomarker in patients with vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC) and atopic keratoconjunctivitis (AKC). Methods. Eighteen patients with VKC or AKC (VKC/AKC group) and 12 control subjects (control group) were enrolled in this study. The VKC/AKC clinical score was determined by objective findings in patients by using the 5-5-5 exacerbation grading scale. All subjects underwent modified impression cytology and specimens were obtained from the upper tarsal conjunctiva...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
S L Hsu, P Y Lee, C H Chang, C H Chen
Thyroid orbitopathy (TO) is an autoimmune disease that is complicated by ocular surface disorders, leading to discomfort. Dry eye is very prevalent in patients with TO. Recent studies on the pathogenesis of dry eye have focused on the inflammatory process, and some supporting evidence has been discovered. Because TO is a disorder of autoimmune origin, we assumed that the association between TO and dry eye is related to inflammation. Inflammation of the ocular surface in TO-related dry eye has not been well studied...
August 30, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Alex Muntz, Kevin van Doorn, Lakshman N Subbaraman, Lyndon W Jones
Few reports on the cellular anatomy of the lid wiper (LW) area of the inner eyelid exist and only one report makes use of cytological methods. The optimization of a method of collecting, staining and imaging cells from the LW region using impression cytology (IC) is described in this study. Cells are collected from the inner surface of the upper eyelid of human subjects using hydrophilic polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) membranes, and stained with cytological dyes to reveal the presence of goblet cells, mucins, cell nuclei and various degrees of pre- and para-keratinization...
2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Alberto López-Miguel, Silvia Gutiérrez-Gutiérrez, Carmen García-Vázquez, Amalia Enríquez-de-Salamanca
PURPOSE: To assess the ability of a new device (Eyeprim; Opia Technologies) designed for impression cytology (IC) to harvest RNA from conjunctival cells as compared with the conventional technique. METHODS: Cell collection was performed in both eyes using both techniques (conventional and Eyeprim) in different eyes randomized to each technique to avoid bias. The collection order was also randomized. Subjective discomfort assessment was performed using the Symptom Assessment in Dry Eye questionnaire...
August 17, 2016: Cornea
Denise S Ryan, Kraig S Bower, Rose K Sia, Marie A Shatos, Robin S Howard, Michael J Mines, Richard D Stutzman, Darlene A Dartt
PURPOSE: To determine whether patients without dry eye preoperatively have an altered conjunctival goblet cell density and mucin secretion postoperatively and to explore what factors affect changes in goblet cell density and mucin secretion. SETTING: The former Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA. DESIGN: Prospective nonrandomized clinical study. METHODS: Impression cytology was used to determine conjunctival goblet cell density before and 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months after photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) or laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK)...
August 2016: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
Sonam Mahana, Reena Tomar, Anil Agarwal, Divya Sharma, Nita Khurana, Ruchika Gupta
Spindle-cell rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is a relatively recently recognized favorable variant of embryonal RMS occurring mainly in the paratesticular and head and neck regions. Cytological reports of spindle-cell RMS have been sparse in the literature and the awareness of its cytological features is not very wide among cytopathologists. A 2-year-old girl was brought to clinical attention for a progressively enlarging swelling of right thumb. Imaging studies showed it to be a soft-tissue tumor in the subcutaneous region...
August 9, 2016: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Chen Zhang, Lei Xi, Shaozhen Zhao, Ruihua Wei, Yue Huang, Ruibo Yang, Long Su, Xun Liu
OBJECTIVES: To compare expression of interleukin (IL)-1β and tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α in the conjunctiva of diabetic and non-diabetic patients with symptomatic moderate dry eye. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Nineteen diabetic patients with dry eye, 15 non-diabetic patients with dry eye and 14 diabetic patients without dry eye were recruited. The relative expression of IL-1β and TNF-α in conjunctival impression cytology (CIC) specimens was evaluated using immunofluorescent staining and in conjunctival biopsy specimens using immunohistochemical staining...
2016: BMJ Open
Gonzalo Carracedo, Alberto Recchioni, Nicolás Alejandre-Alba, Alba Martin-Gil, Laura Batres, Ignacio Jimenez-Alfaro Morote, Jesús Pintor
PURPOSE: Based on the relationship between keratoconus and dry eye, the aim of this study was to evaluate changes in signs and symptoms of dry eye in keratoconus patients before and after intrastromal corneal ring surgery. METHODS: Fifteen keratoconus patients were enrolled in Fundación Jiménez-Díaz of Madrid and University Clinic of Optometry of the Universidad Complutense de Madrid (Madrid, Spain). Tear break up time (TBUT), Schirmer test without anesthesia, corneal staining, diadenosine tetraphosphate (Ap4A) concentration, and ocular surface disease index (OSDI) were evaluated...
July 22, 2016: Current Eye Research
Leonardo Mastropasqua, Roberta Calienno, Manuela Lanzini, Mario Nubile, Rossella Annamaria Colabelli-Gisoldi, Luca De Carlo, Augusto Pocobelli
PURPOSE: To correlate a biomicroscopic evaluation, an in vivo confocal microscopy examination, and impression cytologic findings of the corneal center and sclerocorneal limbus after cultured limbal stem cell transplantation and to test the effectiveness of in vivo confocal microscopy as a diagnostic procedure in ocular surface cell therapy reconstructive surgery. METHODS: Six eyes of six patients affected by limbal stem cell deficiency after chemical burns underwent ex vivo expanded limbal stem cell transplantation (two eyes) and ex vivo expanded limbal stem cell transplantation with subsequent penetrating keratoplasty (four eyes) to restore corneal transparency...
2016: Molecular Vision
Kimberly L Lo, Wayne S Rosenkrantz
BACKGROUND: Canine bacterial and Malassezia paronychia are common secondary complications of atopic dermatitis and adverse food reactions. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare three different sampling methods for claw fold cytology and to evaluate the numbers of bacteria, Malassezia yeast and inflammatory cells. ANIMALS: Sixty client-owned dogs were classified into three groups: (A) normal dogs; (B) allergic dogs with no clinical evidence of claw disease (brown staining, erythema, swelling, crusts or exudates); and (C) allergic dogs with clinical paronychia...
August 2016: Veterinary Dermatology
Iain M Hagan, Steven Bagley
The acknowledged genetic malleability of fission yeast has been matched by impressive cytology to drive major advances in our understanding of basic molecular cell biological processes. In many of the more recent studies, traditional approaches of fixation followed by processing to accommodate classical staining procedures have been superseded by live-cell imaging approaches that monitor the distribution of fusion proteins between a molecule of interest and a fluorescent protein. Although such live-cell imaging is uniquely informative for many questions, fixed-cell imaging remains the better option for others and is an important-sometimes critical-complement to the analysis of fluorescent fusion proteins by live-cell imaging...
2016: Cold Spring Harbor Protocols
Eric Chan, Qihua Le, Andres Codriansky, Jiaxu Hong, Jianjian Xu, Sophie X Deng
PURPOSE: To report the presence of normal limbal epithelium detected by in vivo confocal laser scanning microscopy (IVCM) in 3 cases of clinically diagnosed total limbal stem cell deficiency (LSCD). METHODS: This is a retrospective case report consisting of 3 patients who were diagnosed with total LSCD based on clinical examination and/or impression cytology. Clinical data including ocular history, presentation, slit-lamp examination, IVCM, and impression cytology were reviewed...
June 29, 2016: Cornea
Jose G Mantilla, Tova Koenigsberg, Beatriu Reig, Nella Shapiro, Esperanza Villanueva-Siles, Susan Fineberg
Vascular lesions (VLs) of the breast present a diagnostic challenge on breast core biopsy (BCBx). We report on 27 VLs presenting on BCBx. The mean patient age was 60 years, and mean size was 7.5 mm (range, 1.6 to 16 mm). Presentation included palpable mass in 6 (22%), incidental in 6 (22%), and an imaging abnormality in 15 (56%) cases. Imaging impression included hematoma (24%), lymph node (10%), fat necrosis (10%), tortuous vessel (5%), and not provided in 52%. The lesions were classified on the basis of BCBx or BCBx and excision (available in 16 pts) as follows: 1 low-grade angiosarcoma, 8 angiolipomas, 6 capillary hemangiomas, 4 cavernous hemangiomas, 2 hemangiomas (not otherwise specified), 1 papillary endothelial hyperplasia, and 5 perilobular hemangiomas...
October 2016: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Michelle Horton, Laura Been, Cherry Starling, S Thomas Traweek
BACKGROUND: Low cellularity can be problematic in thyroid fine needle aspiration (FNA) biopsies. The Cellient cell block (CB) system has been reported to improve cell recovery compared to traditional methods. Therefore, we studied the utility of Cellient CBs in the evaluation of thyroid FNAs, with an emphasis on low-cellularity specimens. METHODS: ThinPrep slides were prepared from thyroid FNAs submitted in Cytolyt. After assessment using TBSRTC criteria, Cellient CBs were requested on samples with residual FNA material and an initial cytologic impression of non-diagnostic, AUS/FLUS, and on apparently benign samples with marginally adequate cellularity...
September 2016: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Peng Chen, Qingjun Zhou, Junyi Wang, Xiaowen Zhao, Haoyun Duan, Yao Wang, Ting Liu, Lixin Xie
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to characterize the changes that occur in the cornea during Limbal Stem Cell Deficiency (LSCD) and on the corneal surface after transplantation of ex vivo cultured allogeneic limbal epithelial transplantation (CALET). METHODS: Forty-one pannus were analyzed to characterize the changes found in the cornea in LSCD. Nineteen impression cytology samples, including 14 pannus and five corneal buttons, obtained during subsequent procedures from patients who had undergone CALET were examined to assess the effect of CALET and to determine the long-term fate of donor cells...
September 2016: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Yuichi Uchino, Miki Uchino, Norihiko Yokoi, Murat Dogru, Motoko Kawashima, Aoi Komuro, Yukiko Sonomura, Hiroaki Kato, Pablo Argüeso, Shigeru Kinoshita, Kazuo Tsubota
The first aim of this study was to clarify whether cigarette smoking affects tear secretion, goblet cell density, and tear MUC5AC concentration. The second purpose was to evaluate the correlations of conjunctival goblet cell density with tear MUC5AC concentration and other ocular surface evaluation factors. This cross-sectional study included 88 office workers. All subjects were required to fill in dry eye and smoking questionnaires, in addition to ocular surface evaluation. Tear wash fluid was collected from inferior fornix, and conjunctival epithelium was obtained by impression cytology...
2016: Scientific Reports
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