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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728285/-prevalence-and-surgery-status-of-cataract-among-adults-aged-60-years-or-above-in-two-villages-of-nantong
#1
J Zhou, Y Yuan, X Zhang, M Yang, H J Guan
Objective: To assess the prevalence, surgical coverage rate and social burden rate of cataract blindness among adults aged ≥60 years in the suburban population of Nantong, Jiangsu, China. Methods: It was a population-based cross-section study. A census with individuals aged ≥60 years was conducted in two villages of the suburb area in Nantong from June to August, 2008. A total of 1 305 individuals received visual acuity and eye examinations. Lens and cataract operative status were evaluated by slit-lamp biomicroscopy...
July 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728283/-epidemiological-survey-of-visual-impairment-in-funing-county-jiangsu
#2
M Yang, J F Zhang, R R Zhu, L H Kang, B Qin, H J Guan
Objective: To investigate the prevalence of visual impairment and factors associated with visual impairment among people aged 50 years and above in Funing County, Jiangsu Province. Methods: Cross-sectional study. Random cluster sampling was used in selecting individuals aged ≥50 years in 30 clusters, and 5 947 individuals received visual acuity testing and eye examination. Stata 13.0 software was used to analyze the data. Multivariate logistic regression was used to detect possible factors of visual impairment such as age, gender and education...
July 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727859/space-flight-associated-neuro-ocular-syndrome
#3
Andrew G Lee, Thomas H Mader, C Robert Gibson, William Tarver
New and unique physiologic and pathologic systemic and neuro-ocular responses have been documented in astronauts during and after long-duration space flight. Although the precise cause remains unknown, space flight-associated neuro-ocular syndrome (SANS) has been adopted as an appropriate descriptive term. The Space Medicine Operations Division of the US National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has documented the variable occurrence of SANS in astronauts returning from long-duration space flight on the International Space Station...
July 20, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727812/electrically-controlled-cloud-of-bulk-nanobubbles-in-water-solutions
#4
Alexander V Postnikov, Ilia V Uvarov, Mikhail V Lokhanin, Vitaly B Svetovoy
Using different experimental techniques we visualize a cloud of gas in water that is produced electrochemically by the alternating polarity process. Liquid enriched with gas does not contain bubbles strongly scattering visible light but its refractive index changes significantly near the electrodes. The change of the refractive index is a collective effect of bulk nanobubbles with a diameter smaller than 200 nm. Any alternative explanation fails to explain the magnitude of the effect. Spatial structure of the cloud is investigated with the optical lever method...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727706/opioids-for-ocular-pain-a-narrative-review
#5
Vinicius Bp Pereira, Renato Garcia, Andre Am Torricelli, Samir J Bechara
BACKGROUND: Refractive surgery is a common procedure, but may be associated with severe post-operative pain. OBJECTIVES: To describe studies addressing the use of opioids for control of pain after ocular surgery, with an emphasis on refractive surgery. STUDY DESIGN: This is a narrative review of relevant articles on the physiology of corneal pain and the use of opioids for its treatment after surgery. SETTING: Single tertiary center...
July 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727613/aberrometry-repeatability-and-agreement-with-autorefraction
#6
Mylan T Nguyen, David A Berntsen
SIGNIFICANCE: Commercially available aberrometers are essential to clinical studies evaluating refractive error and image quality. The Discovery System (Innovative Visual Systems, Elmhurst, IL) is a promising clinical instrument that allows investigators to export aberration data for research and analysis purposes. An assessment of the Discovery System's performance is essential to the interpretation of the data obtained. PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to determine the between-visit repeatability of refractive error and higher-order aberration measurements with the Discovery System and to examine between-instrument agreement of refractive error measurements with the Discovery System and Grand Seiko WAM-5500 open-field autorefractor (Grand Seiko Co...
July 19, 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727434/ellipsometry-of-colloidal-solutions-new-experimental-setup-and-application-to-metallic-colloids
#7
Yann Battie, Michel Stchakovsky, Aotmane En Naciri, Suzanna Akil, Nouari Chaoui, Laurent Broch
An ellipsometric cell is developed to simultaneously determine the shape distribution, the volume fraction, and the complex refractive index of gold and silver colloids. Simulation reveals that this cell drastically improves the detection limit of ellipsometry. Indeed, Ag and Au nanoparticles (NPs) are detected at the ppmv level. We demonstrate that the NPs shape distribution can be estimated from ellipsometric measurements by analyzing them with a shape distributed effective medium theory (SDEMT). The obtained distributions from ellipsometry are in agreement with those deduced from transmission electron microcopy (TEM)...
July 20, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726533/ophthalmic-findings-in-patients-with-arterial-tortuosity-syndrome-and-carriers-a-case-series
#8
Joshua S Hardin, Yuri A Zarate, Bert Callewaert, Paul H Phillips, David B Warner
INTRODUCTION: Arterial tortuosity syndrome (ATS) is a rare autosomal recessive disease hallmarked by tortuosity, stenosis, and aneurysm development of large- and medium-sized arteries. Mutations in SLC2A10, a gene that encodes the facilitative glucose transporter GLUT10, cause ATS. Several case reports have noted associated ophthalmic findings such as keratoconus, keratoglobus, and myopia without detailed descriptions or standardized examinations. We report the ophthalmic findings in a cohort of compound heterozygous ATS patients and heterozygous carriers of SLC2A10 mutations...
July 20, 2017: Ophthalmic Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726355/combined-cataract-dsek-dmek-changing-expectations
#9
Francis W Price, Marianne O Price
Endothelial keratoplasty (EK) has revolutionized corneal transplant surgery by providing rapid visual recovery and improved visual outcomes. In parts of the world with Fuchs endothelial dystrophy, many patients may present with both cataracts and corneal degeneration requiring surgery. Other forms of endothelial decompensation may also present with cataracts. The staging or combination of transplant surgery and cataract surgery depend on both the abilities of the surgeon and the surgical techniques being considered...
July 18, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725007/far-and-deep-ultraviolet-surface-plasmon-resonance-sensors-working-in-aqueous-solutions-using-aluminum-thin-films
#10
Ichiro Tanabe, Yoshito Y Tanaka, Koji Watari, Taras Hanulia, Takeyoshi Goto, Wataru Inami, Yoshimasa Kawata, Yukihiro Ozaki
Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensors detect refractive index changes on metal thin films and are frequently used in aqueous solutions as bio- and chemical-sensors. Recently, we proposed new SPR sensors using aluminum (Al) thin films that work in the far- and deep-ultraviolet (FUV-DUV, 120-300 nm) regions and investigated SPR properties by an attenuated total reflectance (ATR) based spectrometer. The FUV-DUV-SPR sensors are expected to have three advantages compared to visible-SPR sensors: higher sensitivity, material selectivity, and surface specificity...
July 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724823/topography-guided-neutralization-technique-for-the-management-of-flap-complication-in-laser-in-situ-keratomileusis
#11
Rohit Shetty, Rushad Shroff, Tushar Grover, T Roshan, Chaitra Jayadev
A 29-year-old male was referred following a flap loss after the creation of a thin, irregular flap with a visual acuity of logMAR 0.1 with -2.0 DS-2.75 DC × 175°. Corneal topography and anterior segment optical coherence tomography revealed an irregular corneal curvature and epithelial profile. Phototherapeutic keratectomy (PTK) followed by Topography - Guided Custom Ablation Treatment (TCAT), as a modification of the topographic neutralization technique protocol, was planned to regularize the corneal surface and treat the residual refractive error...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724819/stability-and-effects-of-muscle-transplantation-for-very-large-angle-esotropia-a-study-of-22-patients
#12
Jitendra Nenumal Jethani, Nirzari Shah, Sonal Amin, Monika Jethani
PURPOSE: A very large angle esotropia is characterized by an angle more than 80 prism diopters (pd). A single eye surgery would not correct such a large angle. Supramaximal recessions and resection would lead to restriction of ocular motility. We present a series of 22 patients with large angle esotropia treated with muscle transplantation. METHODS: A total of 22 patients (14 males and 8 females) were included in the study. All the patients had a minimum of 80 base out deviation in primary position...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724816/four-year-incidence-and-progression-of-visual-impairment-in-a-south-indian-population-with-diabetes
#13
Sangeetha Srinivasan, Rajiv Raman, Suganeswari Ganesan, Rupak Roy, Viswanathan Natarajan, Tarun Sharma
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to investigate the 4-year incidence and progression of visual impairment (VI) and the associated risk factors for incident VI in a South Indian population with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: A total of 634 participants with type 2 diabetes were found eligible after 4 years. Visual acuity (VA) was estimated using the modified Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study protocol. VA in the better eye was considered for the assessment of VI based on the World Health Organization criteria...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723583/label-free-high-resolution-3-d-imaging-of-gold-nanoparticles-inside-live-cells-using-optical-diffraction-tomography
#14
Doyeon Kim, Nuri Oh, Kyoohyun Kim, SangYun Lee, Chan-Gi Pack, Ji-Ho Park, YongKeun Park
Delivery of gold nanoparticles (GNPs) into live cells has high potentials, ranging from molecular-specific imaging, photodiagnostics, to photothermal therapy. However, studying the long-term dynamics of cells with GNPs using conventional fluorescence techniques suffers from phototoxicity and photobleaching. Here, we present a method for 3-D imaging of GNPs inside live cells exploiting refractive index (RI) as imaging contrast. Employing optical diffraction tomography, 3-D RI tomograms of live cells with GNPs are precisely measured for an extended period with sub-micrometer resolution...
July 16, 2017: Methods: a Companion to Methods in Enzymology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723204/crossed-surface-relief-gratings-as-nanoplasmonic-biosensors
#15
Srijit Nair, Carlos Escobedo, Ribal Georges Sabat
We present an original, low-cost nanoplasmonic (bio)sensor based on crossed surface relief gratings (CSRGs) generated from orthogonally superimposed surface relief gratings (SRGs) on gold-coated azo-glass substrate. This surface plasmon resonance (SPR)-based sensing approach is unique, since the light transmitted through a CSRG is zero except in the narrow bandwidth where the SPR conversion occurs, enabling quantitative monitoring of only the plasmonic signal from biomolecular interactions in real time. We validated the individual SRG plasmonic signature of CSRGs by observing their respective SPR excitation peaks, and tested them to detect both bulk and near-surface refractive index (RI) changes...
March 24, 2017: ACS Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723169/nanoantenna-enhanced-infrared-spectroscopic-chemical-imaging
#16
Lucca Kühner, Mario Hentschel, Ute Zschieschang, Hagen Klauk, Jochen Vogt, Christian Huck, Harald Giessen, Frank Neubrech
Spectroscopic infrared chemical imaging is ideally suited for label-free and spatially resolved characterization of molecular species, but often suffers from low infrared absorption cross sections. Here, we overcome this limitation by utilizing confined electromagnetic near-fields of resonantly excited plasmonic nanoantennas, which enhance the molecular absorption by orders of magnitude. In the experiments, we evaporate microstructured chemical patterns of C60 and pentacene with nanometer thickness on top of homogeneous arrays of tailored nanoantennas...
May 26, 2017: ACS Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723144/inflection-point-of-the-localized-surface-plasmon-resonance-peak-a-general-method-to-improve-the-sensitivity
#17
Peng Chen, Nhung Thi Tran, Xinglin Wen, Qihua Xiong, Bo Liedberg
The shift of the localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) spectrum is widely used in bio- and chemical sensing. Traditionally, the shift is monitored at the peak maximum of the extinction spectrum. We demonstrate that the inflection point at the long wavelength side of the peak maximum shows better refractive index sensitivity than the peak maximum. A consistent improvement in bulk refractive index sensitivity of 18-55% is observed for six different nanoparticles such as spherical particles of different sizes, nanostar and nanorods with different aspect ratios...
February 24, 2017: ACS Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722436/potential-to-detect-hydrogen-concentration-gradients-with-palladium-infused-mesoporous-titania-on-d-shaped-optical-fiber
#18
Zsolt L Poole, Paul R Ohodnicki, Aidong Yan, Yuankun Lin, Kevin P Chen
A distributed sensing capable high temperature D-shaped optical fiber modified with a palladium nanoparticle sensitized mesoporous (∼5 nm) TiO2 film, is demonstrated. The refractive index of the TiO2 film was reduced using block copolymer templating in order to realize a mesoporous matrix, accommodating integration with optical fiber. The constructed sensor was analyzed by performing direct transmission loss measurements, and by analyzing the behavior of an integrated fiber Bragg grating. The inscribed grating should reveal whether the refractive index of the composite film experiences changes upon exposure to hydrogen...
January 27, 2017: ACS Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722394/direct-electrospray-printing-of-gradient-refractive-index-chalcogenide-glass-films
#19
Spencer Novak, Pao Tai Lin, Cheng Li, Chatdanai Lumdee, Juejun Hu, Anuradha Murthy Agarwal, Pieter G Kik, Weiwei Deng, Kathleen Richardson
A spatially varying effective refractive index gradient using chalcogenide glass layers is printed on a silicon wafer using an optimized electrospray (ES) deposition process. Using solution-derived glass precursors, infrared transparent Ge23Sb7S70 and As40S60 glass films of programmed thickness are fabricated to yield a bilayer structure resulting in an effective gradient refractive index (GRIN) film. Optical and compositional analysis tools confirm the optical and physical nature of the gradient in the resulting high optical quality films, demonstrating the power of direct printing of multi-material structures compatible with planar photonic fabrication protocols...
July 19, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722050/database-and-new-models-based-on-a-group-contribution-method-to-predict-the-refractive-index-of-ionic-liquids
#20
Xinxin Wang, Xingmei Lu, Qing Zhou, Yongsheng Zhao, Xiaoqian Li, Suojiang Zhang
Refractive index is one of the important physical properties, which is widely used in separation and purification. In this study, the refractive index data of ILs were collected to establish a comprehensive database, which included about 2138 pieces of data from 1996 to 2014. The Group Contribution-Artificial Neural Network (GC-ANN) model and Group Contribution (GC) method were employed to predict the refractive index of ILs at different temperatures from 283.15 K to 368.15 K. Average absolute relative deviations (AARD) of the GC-ANN model and the GC method were 0...
July 19, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
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