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Quality endoscopy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159599/delayed-gastric-emptying-following-laparoscopic-repair-of-very-large-hiatus-hernias-impairs-quality-of-life
#1
David S Liu, Chek Tog, Hou K Lim, Peter Stiven, Sarah K Thompson, David I Watson, Ahmad Aly
BACKGROUND: Delayed gastric emptying (DGE) following hiatus hernia surgery may affect a substantial number of patients with adverse clinical consequences. Here, we aim to evaluate the impact of DGE following laparoscopic repair of very large hiatus hernias on patients' quality of life, gastrointestinal symptomatology, and daily function. METHODS: Analysis of data collected from a multicenter prospective randomised trial of patients who underwent laparoscopic mesh versus sutured repair of very large hiatus hernias (>50% of stomach in chest)...
November 20, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153075/is-whole-colon-investigation-by-colonoscopy-computerised-tomography-colonography-or-barium-enema-necessary-for-all-patients-with-colorectal-cancer-symptoms-and-for-which-patients-would-flexible-sigmoidoscopy-suffice-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#2
Wendy Atkin, Kate Wooldrage, Urvi Shah, Kate Skinner, Jeremy P Brown, Willie Hamilton, Ines Kralj-Hans, Michael R Thompson, Karen G Flashman, Steve Halligan, Siwan Thomas-Gibson, Margaret Vance, Amanda J Cross
BACKGROUND: For patients referred to hospital with suspected colorectal cancer (CRC), it is current standard clinical practice to conduct an examination of the whole colon and rectum. However, studies have shown that an examination of the distal colorectum using flexible sigmoidoscopy (FS) can be a safe and clinically effective investigation for some patients. These findings require validation in a multicentre study. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the links between patient symptoms at presentation and CRC risk by subsite, and to provide evidence of whether or not FS is an effective alternative to whole-colon investigation (WCI) in patients whose symptoms do not suggest proximal or obstructive disease...
November 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149644/assessing-the-risk-of-laparoscopic-morcellation-of-occult-uterine-sarcomas-during-hysterectomy-and-myomectomy-literature-review-and-the-isge-recommendations
#3
REVIEW
Ornella Sizzi, Lucia Manganaro, Alfonso Rossetti, Matteo Saldari, Giuseppe Florio, Alessandro Loddo, Robert Zurawin, Bruno van Herendael, Dusan Djokovic
OBJECTIVE: This project of the International Society for Gynecologic Endoscopy (ISGE) had the objective to review the literature and provide recommendations on the occult sarcoma risk assessment in patients who are candidates for minimally invasive gynecological surgery involving intra-abdominal electromechanical tissue morcellation. STUDY DESIGN: The ISGE Task Force for Estimation of the Risk in Endoscopic Morcellation initially defined key topics and clinical questions which may guide a comprehensive preoperative patient assessment...
November 7, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142513/sedation-for-routine-gastrointestinal-endoscopic-procedures-a-review-on-efficacy-safety-efficiency-cost-and-satisfaction
#4
REVIEW
Otto S Lin
Most gastrointestinal endoscopic procedures are now performed with sedation. Moderate sedation using benzodiazepines and opioids continue to be widely used, but propofol sedation is becoming more popular because its unique pharmacokinetic properties make endoscopy almost painless, with a very predictable and rapid recovery process. There is controversy as to whether propofol should be administered only by anesthesia professionals (monitored anesthesia care) or whether properly trained non-anesthesia personnel can use propofol safely via the modalities of nurse-administered propofol sedation, computer-assisted propofol sedation or nurse-administered continuous propofol sedation...
October 2017: Intestinal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129973/are-the-symptoms-of-an-nsaid-induced-ulcer-truly-milder-than-those-of-an-ordinary-ulcer
#5
Toshihiko Tomita, Sumire Mori, Katsuyuki Tozawa, Eitatsu Arai, Nobuo Tano, Hideo Oka, Yongmin Kim, Takashi Abe, Yoshio Ohda, Tadayuki Oshima, Hirokazu Fukui, Jiro Watari, Hiroto Miwa
Objective: The percentage of patients with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and low-dose aspirin- (LDA-) induced ulcers who complain of gastrointestinal symptoms has generally been considered to be low. The aim of this study was to examine and compare the symptoms and quality of life (QOL) at peptic ulcer onset. Methods: This study involved 200 patients who were confirmed by endoscopy to be in the acute stage of gastroduodenal ulcer (A1-H1). Patients completed a self-administered questionnaire (Global Overall Symptom score and SF-8) at ulcer onset, and data were compared between NSAIDs/LDA ulcers and non-NSAIDs/LDA ulcers...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129158/practical-gastrointestinal-investigation-of-iron-deficiency-anaemia
#6
Anjan K Banerjee, Valerio Celentano, Jim Khan, Gaius Longcroft-Wheaton, Amanda Quine, Pradeep Bhandari
About 10% of oesophagogastroduodenoscopies (OGDs) and colonoscopies are done for investigation of iron deficiency anemia (IDA) . Much of the existing guidance on investigation of IDA predates CRC screening, which has driven significant improvements in colonoscopy quality and completion rates, as well as a reduction in Helicobacter pylori prevalence and increase in PPI usage, and therefore probably needs re-consideration. New investigations, e.g. CT colonography, enteroscopy and capsule endoscopy have also been introduced...
November 13, 2017: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122470/accuracy-of-computed-tomographic-enterography-for-obscure-gastrointestinal-bleeding-a-diagnostic-meta-analysis
#7
Bosheng He, Jushun Yang, Jing Xiao, Jinhua Gu, Feixiang Chen, Lin Wang, Junbo Qian, Shenchu Gong
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB) is the bleeding from the gastrointestinal tract without definite source that persists and recurs after a negative endoscopic evaluation. The study aimed to systematically evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of computed tomography enterography on OGIB detection by meta-analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Studies were searched in relevant databases. With predefined inclusion criteria, eligible studies were included, followed by quality assessment using the Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies scoring system...
November 6, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110963/gastric-preparation-for-magnetically-controlled-capsule-endoscopy-a-prospective-randomized-single-blinded-controlled-trial
#8
Shu-Guang Zhu, Yang-Yang Qian, Xin-Ying Tang, Qian-Qian Zhu, Wei Zhou, Han Du, Wei An, Xiao-Ju Su, An-Jing Zhao, Hey-Long Ching, Mark Edward McAlindon, Zhao-Shen Li, Zhuan Liao
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Magnetically controlled capsule endoscopy (MCE) is a novel technique for which there is no agreed gastric preparation. We aimed to determine an optimal standardized gastric preparation regimen. METHODS: 120 patients referred for MCE were randomly assigned to gastric preparation with either water alone (A), water with simethicone (B) or water, simethicone and pronase (C). Image quality was assessed using cleanliness and visualization scores, higher scores equating to better image quality...
October 6, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107471/quality-of-care-indicators-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-in-a-tertiary-referral-center-with-open-access-and-objective-assessment-policies
#9
Lorant Gonczi, Zsuzsanna Kurti, Petra Anna Golovics, Barbara Dorottya Lovasz, Orsolya Menyhart, Anna Seres, Liza Dalma Sumegi, Alexander Gal, Akos Ilias, Papp Janos, Krisztina Barbara Gecse, Talat Bessisow, Waqqas Afif, Alain Bitton, Zsuzsanna Vegh, Peter Laszlo Lakatos
BACKGROUND: In the management of inflammatory bowel diseases, there is considerable variation in quality of care. AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate structural, access/process components and outcome quality indicators in our tertiary referral IBD center. METHODS: In the first phase, structural/process components were assessed, followed by the second phase of formal evaluation of access and management on a set of consecutive IBD patients with and without active disease (248CD/125UC patients, median age 35/39 years)...
October 9, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100842/faecal-microbiota-transplantation-versus-placebo-for-moderate-to-severe-irritable-bowel-syndrome-a-double-blind-randomised-placebo-controlled-parallel-group-single-centre-trial
#10
Peter Holger Johnsen, Frank Hilpüsch, Jorunn Pauline Cavanagh, Ingrid Sande Leikanger, Caroline Kolstad, Per Christian Valle, Rasmus Goll
BACKGROUND: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common condition characterised by abdominal pain, bloating, and poor quality of life. IBS might be caused by a gut dysbiosis. We aimed to compare faecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) with placebo in patients with IBS. METHODS: In this double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, single-centre study, we enrolled patients with IBS with diarrhoea or with diarrhoea and constipation (excluding dominating constipation) defined by the ROME III criteria, scored as moderate to severe according to the IBS severity scoring system (IBS-SSS; a score of ≥175)...
October 31, 2017: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094889/chronic-rhinosinusitis
#11
Ahmad R Sedaghat
Chronic rhinosinusitis is an inflammatory disease of the paranasal sinuses that occurs in 1% to 5% of the U.S. POPULATION: It may significantly decrease quality of life. Chronic rhinosinusitis is defined by the presence of at least two out of four cardinal symptoms (i.e., facial pain/pressure, hyposmia/anosmia, nasal drainage, and nasal obstruction) for at least 12 consecutive weeks, in addition to objective evidence. Objective evidence of chronic rhinosinusitis may be obtained on physical examination (anterior rhinoscopy, endoscopy) or radiography, preferably from sinus computed tomography...
October 15, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068050/nose-blowing-after-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-does-not-adversely-affect-outcomes
#12
Noel Ayoub, Wirach Chitsuthipakorn, Jayakar V Nayak, Zara M Patel, Peter H Hwang
OBJECTIVE: Patients frequently are advised to abstain from nose blowing following endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS), despite a lack of evidence supporting this recommendation. This randomized study assessed whether nose blowing in the first postoperative week affects subjective and objective clinical outcomes. METHODS: Forty patients undergoing ESS were randomized into an interventional arm in which patients blew their nose at least twice daily for the first 7 postoperative days, or a control arm in which patients refrained from nose blowing...
October 25, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064799/gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-the-results-of-videolaparoscopic-fundoplication-at-five-years-after-surgery
#13
Andriy R Stasyshyn
INTRODUCTION: GERD reduces social activity and significantly affects the quality of life (QOL) of patients and the risk of complications (cancer of the esophagus, esophageal-gastric bleeding, strictures, perforation) is one of the most pressing problems of medicine of XXI century. The aim of the research is to evaluate the results of videolaparoscopic fundoplication at five years after surgery in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We studied results of videolaparoscopic antireflux surgery (VLAS) during 2009-2016 years in Department of Surgery and Endoscopy Faculty of postgraduate medical education Lviv National Medical University...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059590/quality-assessment-for-wireless-capsule-endoscopy-videos-compressed-via-hevc-from-diagnostic-quality-to-visual-perception
#14
Muhammad Arslan Usman, Muhammad Rehan Usman, Soo Young Shin
Maintaining the quality of medical images and videos is an essential part of the e-services provided by the healthcare sector. The convergence of modern communication systems and the healthcare industry necessitates the provision of better quality of service and experience by the service provider. Recent inclusion and standardization of the high efficiency video coder (HEVC) has made it possible for medical data to be compressed and transmitted over wireless networks with minimal compromise of the quality. Quality evaluation and assessment of these medical videos transmitted over wireless networks is another important research area that requires further exploration and attention...
October 9, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039850/systematic-review-disease-activity-indices-in-eosinophilic-esophagitis
#15
REVIEW
Marijn J Warners, Pieter Hindryckx, Barrett G Levesque, Claire E Parker, Lisa M Shackelton, Reena Khanna, William J Sandborn, Geert R D'Haens, Brian G Feagan, Albert J Bredenoord, Vipul Jairath
OBJECTIVES: There is no clear consensus regarding the most appropriate measure(s) of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) disease activity. We aimed to identify all scoring indices used for the measurement of disease activity in EoE, appraise their operating properties, and discuss their value as outcome measures. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CENTRAL (The Cochrane library) were searched from inception to 11 May 2016. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs), cohort, case-control, and cross-sectional studies that reported outcomes to measure EoE disease activity or response to treatment were eligible...
November 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034352/screening-endoscopy-for-gastric-cancer-time-for-quality-control
#16
EDITORIAL
Eun Hye Kim, Chan Hyuk Park
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Translational Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034350/function-preserving-surgery-for-gastric-cancer-current-status-and-future-perspectives
#17
REVIEW
Souya Nunobe, Naoki Hiki
The number of early gastric cancer (EGC) cases has been increasing because of improved diagnostic procedures including endoscopy and screening systems. Therefore, function-preserving gastrectomy (FPG) for EGC with the expectation of better quality of life (QOL) after surgery may be increasingly utilized, due to its association with low rate of lymph node metastasis and excellent survival and the possibility of employing less invasive procedures such as laparoscopic gastrectomy in combination. Pylorus-preserving gastrectomy (PPG) with curative intent lymph node dissection is a representative FPG that has been used in EGC, and its superiorities, indications, limitations, and survival benefits have already been reported in several retrospective studies...
2017: Translational Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027183/actinic-cystitis-causes-treatment-and-experience-of-a-single-centre-in-the-last-five-years
#18
Mario S Mangano, Alberto De Gobbi, Matteo Ciaccia, Claudio Lamon, Francesco Beniamin, Luigino Maccatrozzo
INTRODUCTION: Actinic cystitis (AC) is the manifestation of symptoms and signs following pelvic radiotherapy.Pelvic radiotherapy produces both acute and chronic damage and such damage may have a devastating impact on the quality and on the amount of life of the patient. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the number of radical cystectomies that have become necessary in the last five years in our department for AC after radiation treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From February 2012 to February 2017, 11 patients underwent "open" cystectomy for AC...
October 11, 2017: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019856/cost-utility-analysis-thiopurines-plus-endoscopy-guided-biological-step-up-therapy-is-the-optimal-management-of-postoperative-crohn-s-disease
#19
Roberto Candia, David Naimark, Beate Sander, Geoffrey C Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Postoperative recurrence of Crohn's disease is common. This study sought to assess whether the postoperative management should be based on biological therapy alone or combined with thiopurines and whether the therapy should be started immediately after surgery or guided by either endoscopic or clinical recurrence. METHODS: A Markov model was developed to estimate expected health outcomes in quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) and costs in Canadian dollars (CAD$) accrued by hypothetical patients with high recurrence risk after ileocolic resection...
November 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019424/endoscopy-for-patients-affected-by-inflammatory-bowel-disease-bowel-preparation-and-sedation
#20
Cristina Bezzio, Paolo Andreozzi, Valentina Casini, Gianpiero Manes, Simone Saibeni
Endoscopy has a key role in the management of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). It is helpful in the diagnosis, in case of relapse, refractoriness, before therapeutic changes, after surgery as well as in the assessment of mucosal healing and in the surveillance of colo-rectal cancer. IBD patients are intended to undergo several times the examination during their lifespan. Bowel preparation and sedation highly contribute to high-quality colonoscopy. Areas covered: Few studies addressed preparation and sedation in the field of IBD...
October 17, 2017: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
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