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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772294/a-model-of-the-dynamics-of-household-vegetarian-and-vegan-rates-in-the-u-k
#1
James Waters
Although there are many studies of determinants of vegetarianism and veganism, there have been no previous studies of how their rates in a population jointly change over time. In this paper, we present a flexible model of vegetarian and vegan dietary choices, and derive the joint dynamics of rates of consumption. We fit our model to a pseudo-panel with 23 years of U.K. household data, and find that while vegetarian rates are largely determined by current household characteristics, vegan rates are additionally influenced by their own lagged value...
May 14, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762334/toddler-s-paralysis-an-acute-case-of-leg-stiffening-in-a-previously-healthy-2-year-old
#2
Kimberly Renee Kahne, Ee Tein Tay
Vegetarian and vegan diets are gaining popularity in the United States. Although appropriately planned vegetarian diets, including vegan diets, are healthful and nutritionally adequate and may provide health benefits in the prevention and treatment of certain diseases, not all families are aware of the nutritional supplements that may be required for their children. We describe a case of a 2-year-old previously healthy child consuming a vegan diet who presented to the pediatric emergency department with an acute inability to move her legs...
May 14, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760008/acute-small-bowel-obstruction-in-a-child-with-a-strict-raw-vegan-diet
#3
Stefano Amoroso, Maria-Grazia Scarpa, Federico Poropat, Rita Giorgi, Flora Maria Murru, Egidio Barbi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 14, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748650/how-empathic-are-vegan-medical-professionals-compared-to-others-leads-from-a-paper-pencil-survey
#4
Christian S Kessler, Andreas Michalsen, Sophie Holler, Vijayendra S Murthy, Holger Cramer
The aim of this survey was to examine differences in personality profiles among 198 vegan (n = 64; 32.3%), vegetarian (n = 78; 39.4%) and omnivore (n = 55; 27.8%) medical professionals. Outcomes were motives for the nutritional approaches, WHO QoL-BREF, Big Five SOEP Inventory, Portraits Value Questionnaire, and Empathizing Scale. Regarding motives for particular diets, omnivores rated influence of guardians (p < 0.001), physical health (p = 0.017) and food taste (p = 0.001) as more and love of animals as less important (p < 0...
May 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706333/the-impact-of-vegan-production-on-the-kimchi-microbiome
#5
Michelle A Zabat, William H Sano, Damien J Cabral, Jenna I Wurster, Peter Belenky
Despite previous inquiry into the fermentative bacterial community of kimchi, there has been little insight into the impacts of starting ingredients on the establishment and dynamics of the microbial community. Recently some industrial producers have begun to utilize vegan production methods that omit fermented seafood ingredients. The community-level impacts of this change are unknown. In this study, we investigated the differences in the taxonomic composition of the microbial communities of non-vegan kimchi and vegan kimchi prepared through quick fermentation at room temperature...
September 2018: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704911/vegans-report-less-bothersome-vasomotor-and-physical-menopausal-symptoms-than-omnivores
#6
Bonnie Beezhold, Cynthia Radnitz, Robert E McGrath, Arielle Feldman
OBJECTIVES: Lifestyle modifications that may reduce menopausal symptoms have generated much interest. The vegetarian diet has been associated with a lower risk of chronic disease as well as a more healthy hormonal milieu. Our objective in this cross-sectional study was to survey peri- and postmenopausal women to investigate menopausal symptoms and dietary pattern. STUDY DESIGN: Survey distribution in 2015-2016 was aimed at female vegans, vegetarians, and omnivores between the ages of 45 and 80 years, who were active on senior and vegetarian social networking websites and at vegan restaurants and events...
June 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701727/the-design-development-and-evaluation-of-the-vegetarian-lifestyle-index-on-dietary-patterns-among-vegetarians-and-non-vegetarians
#7
Lap T Le, Joan Sabaté, Pramil N Singh, Karen Jaceldo-Siegl
Traditionally, healthful diets and lifestyles have been examined only in relation to single nutrients, foods, or food groups in terms of dietary exposure. An alternative approach is to conceptualize an index based on vegetarian food pyramid guidelines as a measure of overall diet and lifestyle quality. Our objectives were to: (1) develop the Vegetarian Lifestyle Index (VLI); and (2) evaluate adherence to the Vegetarian Food Guide Pyramid (VFGP) among a low-risk population of Adventists. The index was based on the operationalization of 14 dietary and lifestyle components...
April 26, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643500/impact-of-a-vegan-diet-on-the-human-salivary-microbiota
#8
Tue H Hansen, Timo Kern, Emilie G Bak, Alireza Kashani, Kristine H Allin, Trine Nielsen, Torben Hansen, Oluf Pedersen
Little is known about the effect of long-term diet patterns on the composition and functional potential of the human salivary microbiota. In the present study, we sought to contribute to the ongoing elucidation of dietary effects on the oral microbial community by examining the diversity, composition and functional potential of the salivary microbiota in 160 healthy vegans and omnivores using 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing. We further sought to identify bacterial taxa in saliva associated with host inflammatory markers...
April 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619233/vegan-mycoprotein-concentrate-from-pea-processing-industry-byproduct-using-edible-filamentous-fungi
#9
Pedro F Souza Filho, Ramkumar B Nair, Dan Andersson, Patrik R Lennartsson, Mohammad J Taherzadeh
Background: Currently around one billion people in the world do not have access to a diet which provides enough protein and energy. However, the production of one of the main sources of protein, animal meat, causes severe impacts on the environment. The present study investigates the production of a vegan-mycoprotein concentrate from pea-industry byproduct (PpB), using edible filamentous fungi, with potential application in human nutrition. Edible fungal strains of Ascomycota ( Aspergillus oryzae , Fusarium venenatum , Monascus purpureus , Neurospora intermedia ) and Zygomycota ( Rhizopus oryzae ) phyla were screened and selected for their protein production yield...
2018: Fungal Biology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619220/development-of-the-recovery-from-eating-disorders-for-life-food-guide-real-food-guide-a-food-pyramid-for-adults-with-an-eating-disorder
#10
Susan Hart, Claire Marnane, Caitlin McMaster, Angela Thomas
Background: There is limited evidence to inform nutrition and dietetic interventions for individuals with eating disorders even though it is recommended as an essential part of multidisciplinary management. There is minimal guidance, an absence of standardised nutrition educational material, and no research on how best to educate patients on healthy eating and how to achieve nutrition adequacy. Therefore the REAL Food Guide was developed. Methods: The REAL Food Guide is a pyramid with four layers and key nutrition messages beside each layer that was conceived to address gaps in nutrition education and intervention for individuals with eating disorders...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604620/supplementation-of-caricol%C3%A2-gastro-reduces-chronic-gastritis-disease-associated-pain
#11
Friedrich-Anton Weiser, Michael Fangl, Wilhelm Mosgoeller
OBJECTIVE: Papaya and oats are natural food and used in traditional medicine in many parts of the world. Papaya has a high content of enzymes supporting digestive function. Oats are a source of minerals, beta-glucan fibres, immunmodulatory and antiinflammatory probiotic substances. Caricol®-Gastro combines both constituents, it was designed as vegan organic preparation for intestinal inflammatory diseases. We performed a randomized, double blind placebo controlled clinical trial to investigate the potential of Caricol®-Gastro as add on therapy in patients with diagnosed chronic gastritis...
March 1, 2018: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599788/viruses-and-phytoparasitic-nematodes-of-cicer-arietinum-l-biotechnological-approaches-in-interaction-studies-and-for-sustainable-control
#12
REVIEW
Paola Leonetti, Gian Paolo Accotto, Moemen S Hanafy, Vitantonio Pantaleo
Cicer arietinum L. (chickpea) is the world's fourth most widely grown pulse. Chickpea seeds are a primary source of dietary protein for humans, and chickpea cultivation contributes to biological nitrogen fixation in the soil, given its symbiotic relationship with rhizobia. Therefore, chickpea cultivation plays a pivotal role in innovative sustainable models of agro-ecosystems inserted in crop rotation in arid and semi-arid environments for soil improvement and the reduction of chemical inputs. Indeed, the arid and semi-arid tropical zones of Africa and Asia have been primary areas of cultivation and diversification...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581220/effect-of-vegan-fecal-microbiota-transplantation-on-carnitine-and-choline-derived-trimethylamine-n-oxide-production-and-vascular-inflammation-in-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome
#13
Loek P Smits, Ruud S Kootte, Evgeni Levin, Andrei Prodan, Susana Fuentes, Erwin G Zoetendal, Zeneng Wang, Bruce S Levison, Maartje C P Cleophas, E Marleen Kemper, Geesje M Dallinga-Thie, Albert K Groen, Leo A B Joosten, Mihai G Netea, Erik S G Stroes, Willem M de Vos, Stanley L Hazen, Max Nieuwdorp
BACKGROUND: Intestinal microbiota have been found to be linked to cardiovascular disease via conversion of the dietary compounds choline and carnitine to the atherogenic metabolite TMAO (trimethylamine-N-oxide). Specifically, a vegan diet was associated with decreased plasma TMAO levels and nearly absent TMAO production on carnitine challenge. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed a double-blind randomized controlled pilot study in which 20 male metabolic syndrome patients were randomized to single lean vegan-donor or autologous fecal microbiota transplantation...
March 26, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579513/a-comparison-of-eating-attitudes-between-vegans-vegetarians-and-nonvegans-nonvegetarians-in-terms-of-orthorexia-nervosa
#14
Pınar Çiçekoğlu, Güzin Yasemin Tunçay
This descriptive study was performed to compare signs of orthorexia nervosa and eating habits and attitudes of vegans/vegetarians and nonvegans/nonvegetarians. The study sample included 62 people, of whom 31 were vegan/vegetarian and 31 were nonvegan/nonvegetarian. Data were gathered with a personal characteristics form, Orthorexia Nervosa Evaluation Scale-11, Eating Attitudes Test-40 and Maudsley Obsessive Compulsive Inventory. There were not any significant differences between scores for Orthorexia Nervosa Evaluation Scale-11, Eating Attitudes Test-40 and Maudsley Obsessive Compulsive Inventory (p>0,05)...
April 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563342/untargeted-metabolomics-identifies-trimethyllysine-a-tmao-producing-nutrient-precursor-as-a-predictor-of-incident-cardiovascular-disease-risk
#15
Xinmin S Li, Zeneng Wang, Tomas Cajka, Jennifer A Buffa, Ina Nemet, Alex G Hurd, Xiaodong Gu, Sarah M Skye, Adam B Roberts, Yuping Wu, Lin Li, Christopher J Shahen, Matthew A Wagner, Jaana A Hartiala, Robert L Kerby, Kymberleigh A Romano, Yi Han, Slayman Obeid, Thomas F Lüscher, Hooman Allayee, Federico E Rey, Joseph A DiDonato, Oliver Fiehn, W H Wilson Tang, Stanley L Hazen
Using an untargeted metabolomics approach in initial (N = 99 subjects) and replication cohorts (N = 1,162), we discovered and structurally identified a plasma metabolite associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risks, N6,N6,N6-trimethyl-L-lysine (trimethyllysine, TML). Stable-isotope-dilution tandem mass spectrometry analyses of an independent validation cohort (N = 2,140) confirmed TML levels are independently associated with incident (3-year) major adverse cardiovascular event risks (hazards ratio [HR], 2...
March 22, 2018: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556222/assessing-the-influence-of-vegan-vegetarian-and-omnivore-oriented-westernized-dietary-styles-on-human-gut-microbiota-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Carmen Losasso, Ester M Eckert, Eleonora Mastrorilli, Jorg Villiger, Marzia Mancin, Ilaria Patuzzi, Andrea Di Cesare, Veronica Cibin, Federica Barrucci, Jakob Pernthaler, Gianluca Corno, Antonia Ricci
Diet and lifestyle have a strong influence on gut microbiota, which in turn has important implications on a variety of health-related aspects. Despite great advances in the field, it remains unclear to which extent the composition of the gut microbiota is modulated by the intake of animal derived products, compared to a vegetable based diet. Here the specific impact of vegan, vegetarian, and omnivore feeding type on the composition of gut microbiota of 101 adults was investigated among groups homogeneous for variables known to have a role in modulating gut microbial composition such as age, anthropometric variables, ethnicity, and geographic area...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533473/confirmatory-factor-analysis-of-the-eating-disorder-examination-questionnaire-a-comparison-of-five-factor-solutions-across-vegan-and-omnivore-participants
#17
Sydney Heiss, James F Boswell, Julia M Hormes
OBJECTIVE: The Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire (EDE-Q) is a valid and reliable measure of eating-related pathology, but its factor structure has proven difficult to replicate. Given differences in dietary patterns in vegans compared to omnivores, proper measurement of eating disorder symptoms is especially important in studies of animal product avoiders. METHOD: This study compared goodness-of-fit of five alternative models of the EDE-Q in vegans (i.e...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531252/nutritionally-recommended-food-for-semi-to-strict-vegetarian-diets-based-on-large-scale-nutrient-composition-data
#18
Seunghyeon Kim, Michael F Fenech, Pan-Jun Kim
Diet design for vegetarian health is challenging due to the limited food repertoire of vegetarians. This challenge can be partially overcome by quantitative, data-driven approaches that utilise massive nutritional information collected for many different foods. Based on large-scale data of foods' nutrient compositions, the recent concept of nutritional fitness helps quantify a nutrient balance within each food with regard to satisfying daily nutritional requirements. Nutritional fitness offers prioritisation of recommended foods using the foods' occurrence in nutritionally adequate food combinations...
March 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515679/role-of-diet-in-influencing-rheumatoid-arthritis-disease-activity
#19
REVIEW
Humeira Badsha
Background: Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) frequently ask their doctors about which diets to follow, and even in the absence of advice from their physicians, many patients are undertaking various dietary interventions. Discussion: However, the role of dietary modifications in RA is not well understood. Several studies have tried to address these gaps in our understanding. Intestinal microbial modifications are being studied for the prevention and management of RA...
2018: Open Rheumatology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510788/nutritional-considerations-for-the-vegetarian-and-vegan-dancer
#20
Derrick D Brown
Vegetarianism provides a catchall term for a variety of diets that exclude the consumption of some or all animal products. Contrary to popular claims, appropriately designed and managed vegetarian diets contain foods nutritionally sufficient for health, well-being, and physical performance. Vegetarian dancers can meet their protein needs from primarily or exclusively (vegan) plant-based sources when a variety of these foods are consumed daily and energy intake is adequate. However, the quality and timing of dietary intake is of key importance to meet the physical demands typical of high intensity, intermittent types of dance styles...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
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