keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Orbital disease

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348987/rhino-orbital-cerebral-mucormycosis-a-fatal-complication-of-uncontrolled-diabetes-mellitus
#1
Purva Bavikar, Varshil Mehta
Mucormycosis is a progressively invasive disease, with a fatal outcome, on late presentation. A 38-year-old female presented with diabetic ketoacidosis with right eye ptosis and a frozen globe without any signs of inflammation, externally. She underwent transnasal endoscopic debridement of paranasal sinuses and exenteration of the right eye. The histopathology specimen revealed the growth of mucormycosis. She was treated with intravenous (IV) amphotericin B, IV insulin, and extensive debridement surgery, but had an unfavorable outcome due to rapid mucor invasion to the brain...
November 13, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346171/a-common-procedure-with-an-uncommon-pathology-triamcinolone-acetonide-eyelid-injection
#2
Natalie Wolkow, Frederick A Jakobiec, Mark P Hatton
Local corticosteroid injections are frequently employed by ophthalmologists to treat a variety of ocular, periocular, and orbital inflammatory conditions. Triamcinolone acetonide is a slowly dissolving crystalline corticosteroid that is often used for this purpose because of its prolonged anti-inflammatory effect. On occasion, previously injected corticosteroid material persists in tissues longer than anticipated, creating nodules that may masquerade as other disease conditions, or appearing incidentally in excised lesions on histopathologic examination...
January 17, 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346049/microphthalmia-corneal-dermoids-and-congenital-anomalies-resembling-goldenhar-syndrome-in-a-cat
#3
William Berkowski, Ingeborg Langohr, Anthony Pease, Joshua Bartoe
CASE DESCRIPTION An 18-month-old spayed female domestic shorthair cat was evaluated because of conjunctivitis and skin-fold dermatitis secondary to bilateral microphthalmia, corneal dermoids, and ankyloblepharon. CLINICAL FINDINGS Physical examination revealed bilateral microphthalmia, bilaterally symmetrical corneal dermoids, ankyloblepharon, superior and inferior entropion, prognathism, and facial asymmetry with deviation of the nasal septum. Computed tomography revealed malformed, thickened bony orbits with mineralization of the orbital ligament bilaterally...
February 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337886/mechanical-activation-of-adipose-tissue-and-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-novel-anti-inflammatory-properties
#4
Stephana Carelli, Mattia Colli, Valeriano Vinci, Fabio Caviggioli, Marco Klinger, Alfredo Gorio
The adipose tissue is a source of inflammatory proteins, such as TNF, IL-6, and CXCL8. Most of their production occurs in macrophages that act as scavengers of dying adipocytes. The application of an orbital mechanical force for 6-10 min at 97 g to the adipose tissue, lipoaspirated and treated according to Coleman procedures, abolishes the expression of TNF-α and stimulates the expression of the anti-inflammatory protein TNF-stimulated gene-6 (TSG-6). This protein had protective and anti-inflammatory effects when applied to animal models of rheumatic diseases...
January 16, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337595/outcome-of-extraocular-retinoblastoma-in-a-resource-limited-center-from-low-middle-income-country
#5
Gitika Pant, Nishant Verma, Archana Kumar, Vishal Pooniya, Sanjiv Kumar Gupta
Retinoblastoma (RB) is the most common ocular malignancy in children, and is managed by multimodal treatment. There is a paucity of data regarding the clinical profile and outcome of children with extraocular retinoblastoma from Low Middle Income Countries (LMIC) including India. Case records of children with newly diagnosed extraocular RB from January 2013 to August 2016 treated at our unit were analysed for clinical profile, treatment, and outcome. Over the 44 month study period, 91 children were diagnosed with RB, out of which 41 had extraocular disease...
January 16, 2018: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336295/transnasal-endoscopic-resection-of-pediatric-orbital-cyst-how-i-do-it
#6
Jingying Ma, Zhenxiao Huang, Bing Zhou
BACKGROUND: An orbital cystic lesion is a common orbital disease and has classically been approached via external incision. The introduction of endoscopic surgery has revolutionized the management of sinus and skull base disorders. Similarly, endoscopic techniques have been increasingly used to access intraorbital lesions with excellent outcomes, especially in pediatric patients. OBJECTIVE: We described, in detail, the surgical technique of the endoscopic approach to treat a pediatric orbital cyst...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329570/exophthalmos-in-a-young-woman-with-no-graves-disease-a-case-report-of-igg4-related-orbitopathy
#7
Annamaria Erdei, Zita Steiber, Csaba Molnar, Ervin Berenyi, Endre V Nagy
BACKGROUND: Immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-rd) is characterized by lymphoplasmacytic infiltration and tissue fibrosis. Orbital manifestations of IgG4-rd may include unilateral or bilateral proptosis, cicatricial extraocular muscle myopathy, orbital inflammation and pain which may mimic ophthalmic Graves' disease. CASE PRESENTATION: A 25-year-old woman has been referred to the endocrinology clinic, 4 months after delivery, with suspected Graves' orbitopathy...
January 12, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329247/a-simple-method-to-measure-renal-function-in-swine-by-the-plasma-clearance-of-iohexol
#8
Sergio Luis-Lima, Consolación García-Contreras, Marta Vázquez-Gómez, Susana Astiz, Fabiola Carrara, Flavio Gaspari, Natalia Negrín-Mena, Alejandro Jiménez-Sosa, Hugo Jiménez-Hernández, Antonio González-Bulnes, Esteban Porrini
There is no simple method to measure glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in swine, an established model for studying renal disease. We developed a protocol to measure GFR in conscious swine by using the plasma clearance of iohexol. We used two groups, test and validation, with eight animals each. Ten milliliters of iohexol (6.47 g) was injected into the marginal auricular vein and blood samples (3 mL) were collected from the orbital sinus at different points after injection. GFR was determined using two models: two-compartment (CL2: all samples) and one-compartment (CL1: the last six samples)...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325384/-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-strabismus-caused-by-nasal-endoscopic-surgery
#9
L K Ai, X Wu, J N Wang, J Li, Y Wu, J Zhou, W X Song, R L Guo
Objective: Strabismus with diplopia is the main orbital complication of functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS). This study was to analyze clinical findings, treatment and outcomes of such cases. Methods: Retrospective case series. Twenty-three cases were divided into 3 groups based on the disease severity: group A, partial transection of the medial rectus muscle, group B, complete transection of the medical rectus, group C, transection of the medial rectus combined with the other orbital injuries. Complete ophthalmology examinations, including eye alignment, eye motility, force duction test, force generation test, general eye exam, and medical imaging (orbital CT or MRI), were performed for each case...
December 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319640/orbital-extranodal-marginal-zone-lymphoma-following-radiotherapy-a-report-of-2-cases
#10
Zujaja Tauqeer, Frederick A Jakobiec, Suzanne K Freitag, Michael K Yoon, Natalie Wolkow
PURPOSE: To present 2 patients in whom orbital radiation preceded the development of periorbital extranodal marginal zone lymphoma by more than a decade and to investigate the likelihood of this representing irradiation-induced malignancy. METHODS: Retrospective chart review and histopathologic study with immunohistochemistry of 2 cases. RESULTS: The first patient was a 58-year-old woman who developed an orbital mass within the vicinity of the lateral rectus muscle 17 years after external beam proton radiation therapy for an inferotemporal choroidal melanoma...
January 9, 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319400/deep-lateral-wall-orbital-decompression-following-strabismus-surgery-in-patients-with-type-ii-ophthalmic-graves-disease
#11
Michael P Ellis, Emily C Broxterman, Alan R Hromas, Thomas J Whittaker, Jason A Sokol
PURPOSE: Surgical management of ophthalmic Graves' disease traditionally involves, in order, orbital decompression, followed by strabismus surgery and eyelid surgery. Nunery et al. previously described two distinct sub-types of patients with ophthalmic Graves' disease; Type I patients exhibit no restrictive myopathy (no diplopia) as opposed to Type II patients who do exhibit restrictive myopathy (diplopia) and are far more likely to develop new-onset worsening diplopia following medial wall and floor decompression...
January 10, 2018: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319381/novel-use-of-non-echo-planar-diffusion-weighted-mri-in-monitoring-disease-activity-and-treatment-response-in-active-grave-s-orbitopathy-an-initial-observational-cohort-study
#12
Ravi Kumar Lingam, Pravin Mundada, Vickie Lee
AIM: To examine the novel use of non-echo-planar diffusion weighted MRI (DWI) in depicting activity and treatment response in active Grave's orbitopathy (GO) by assessing, with inter-observer agreement, for a correlation between its apparent diffusion coefficients (ADCs) and conventional Short tau Inversion Recovery (STIR) MRI signal-intensity ratios (SIRs). METHOD AND MATERIALS: A total of 23 actively inflamed muscles and 30 muscle response episodes were analysed in patients with active GO who underwent medical treatment...
January 10, 2018: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319378/nonhealing-orbital-floor-fracture-in-a-pediatric-patient-a-unique-presentation-of-pseudo-silent-sinus-syndrome
#13
Siwei Zhou, Katherine Duncan, S Tonya Stefko
Silent sinus syndrome was first described as spontaneous enophthalmos and hypoglobus associated with subclinical maxillary sinusitis without prior trauma or surgery. This clinical entity has later been described after trauma in which damage to the ostiomeatal complex leads to atelectasis of the maxillary sinus. We report a case of a 14-year-old boy who presented 4 years after sustaining a non-operative orbital floor fracture with enophthalmos and transient diplopia. Computed tomography (CT) demonstrated enlargement in size of the original orbital floor fracture and bilateral maxillary sinus disease...
January 10, 2018: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319139/the-role-of-99mtc-dtpa-retrobulbar-spect-in-staging-and-follow-up-of-graves-orbitopathy
#14
László Galuska, Sándor Barna, József Varga, Ildikó Garai, Endre V Nagy
The pathogenesis of Graves' orbitopathy (GO) is not completely understood. Coexistent hyperfunction of the thyroid gland is frequent; however, GO may also coexist with hypo- or euthyrodism. The course of GO is largely independent of thyroid function, although elevated serum TSH is known to negatively interfere with GO course. GO is severe in 10 % of the cases; sight threatening complications may also develop. A successful therapy of GO requires the assesment of both the severity and activity of orbital inflammation...
January 10, 2018: Nuclear Medicine Review. Central & Eastern Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315932/multiband-diffusion-weighted-mri-of-the-eye-and-orbit-free-of-geometric-distortions-using-a-rare-epi-hybrid
#15
Katharina Paul, Till Huelnhagen, Eva Oberacker, Daniel Wenz, André Kuehne, Helmar Waiczies, Sebastian Schmitter, Oliver Stachs, Thoralf Niendorf
This study shows that diffusion-weighted rapid acquisition with relaxation enhancement-echo planar imaging (RARE-EPI) has the capability to acquire distortion-free images of the eye and orbit with ample diffusion contrast. The results underpin the challenges of ocular imaging at 3.0 T and 7.0 T for EPI and demonstrate that these issues can be offset using accelerated RARE-based approaches. This benefit can be exploited for the assessment of spatial arrangements of the eye segments and their masses with the goal to provide guidance in the diagnostic assessment and treatment of ophthalmological diseases...
January 9, 2018: NMR in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305369/radius-maumenee-syndrome-a-rare-cause-of-glaucoma
#16
Sara Homem de Melo Marques, Cláudia Farinha, Amélia Martins, Pedro Faria
Case presentation of a 41-year-old woman with long-standing bilateral eye injection whose clinical findings included bilateral episcleral vessel engorgement and tortuosity, raised intraocular pressure with open iridocorneal angles and left optic disc cupping. All remaining objective examination was normal. She underwent cranial and orbits CT and CT-angiography scans which were unremarkable. Optical coherence tomography of the peripapillary nerve fibre layer and automated perimetry were compatible with advanced glaucomatous damage on the left eye...
January 5, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303390/orbital-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-masquerading-as-invasive-fungal-sinusitis
#17
David Xu, Shawn R Lin, Laura Bonelli, Ben J Glasgow, Robert A Goldberg
A 55-year-old man presented with unilateral orbital inflammation and no light perception vision. Imaging revealed infiltrative enhancement of the optic nerve, orbit, and intracranial tissue. The case was suspicious for invasive fungal disease, but ultimate workup and orbital biopsy revealed granulomatosis with polyangiitis. The patient's inflammation resolved with corticosteroid and rituximab therapy. Granulomatosis with polyangiitis is a systemic vasculitis that can mimic a number of orbital pathologies.
January 5, 2018: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298790/a-case-of-igg4oligoarthritis-mimicking-psoriatic-arthritis
#18
Ziad Farah, Neil Mo
IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a rare but rapidly emerging immune-mediated fibroinflammatory condition that can affect almost any organ. It is typically associated with involvement of organs such as lymph nodes, submandibular glands, orbits, periaortic region and pancreas. However, IgG4-RD presenting primarily as an inflammatory arthritis is much less recognised. We present a rare case of IgG4-RD mimicking psoriatic arthritis. In spite of normal circulating IgG4 plasma levels, a clinical index of suspicion was required to obtain a histopathological diagnosis...
January 3, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288226/progressive-delayed-hemidystonia-following-clinically-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#19
Swaleha N Nadaf, Rahul T Chakor, Kaumil Vipul Kothari, Haresh Bharote
A 16-year-old boy presented with progressive left hemidystonia over 3 years. The possibilities of symptomatic hemidystonia due to focal lesions such as infarct (vasculitis), tumours, tuberculoma, arteriovenous malformations or heredodegenerative disorders such as Wilson disease were considered. Imaging showed a peculiar scar involving right basifrontal region extending upto anterior, centromedian and dorsomedial nuclei of thalamus due to blowout fracture of roof of orbit. This scar was responsible for progressive left hemidystonia...
December 28, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285637/lymphomas-in-igg4-related-disease-clinicopathologic-features-in-a-western-population
#20
Jacob R Bledsoe, Zachary S Wallace, John H Stone, Vikram Deshpande, Judith A Ferry
Lymphomas that occur in the setting of IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) are uncommon. Most reported cases derive from Asia and are MALT lymphomas occurring in orbital IgG4-RD. The spectrum of lymphomas among IgG4-RD patients in the Western world remains poorly defined. The aim of this study was to report our experience with lymphomas occurring in IgG4-RD. Eight cases were identified from the pathology and consultation files. The median age was 61 years (range 22-68) at IgG4-RD diagnosis and 63.5 years (range 33-79) at lymphoma diagnosis, with a M:F ratio of 4:4...
December 28, 2017: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
keyword
keyword
33118
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"