keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Orbital disease

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527170/oculo-otological-manifestations-in-a-case-of-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis
#1
Archana Sonawale, Anjali Rajadhyaksha, Shreepriya Mangalgi
A 44 year old lady presented with acute onset of loss of vision in the right eye and cough with mucopurulent expectoration for two months. Ophthalmic examination revealed central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO). Chest radiograph showed multiple cavitatory nodules with fluid levels. Sputum was negative for AFB and ANCA was strongly positive suggestive of a diagnosis of Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis (GPA). Within the next few weeks the patient had rapid detenoration due to left eye CRAO, progressive bilateral hearing loss, facial palsy and retro orbital mass...
April 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524145/-orbital-case-of-ocular-dirofilariasis
#2
M B Gushсhina, E V Egorova, N S Yuzhakova, S A Mal'kov
AIM: to report a clinical case of orbital dirofilariasis with attention to peculiarities of disease presentation, diagnostic measures, and treatment results. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A patient with a history of spontaneously subsiding recurrent oedema of the lower eyelid suspicious of parasitic cyst formation. The diagnosis was confirmed preoperatively by orbital ultrasound. Surgical intervention included orbitotomy with microsurgical excision of the parasitic cyst via a percutaneous approach through the lower eyelid skin crease...
2017: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513113/retina-and-nerve-fiber-layer-thickness-in-eyes-with-thyroid-associated-ophthalmopathy
#3
Sharon Blum Meirovitch, Igal Leibovitch, Anat Kesler, David Varssano, Amir Rosenblatt, Meira Neuderfer
BACKGROUND: Thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO) is an inflammatory disease that affects the thyroid gland and the eye orbit. Of patients with TAO, 3%-5% have severe sight-threatening disease due to optic neuropathy Optical coherence tomography (OCT), the non-invasive imaging technology that yields high-resolution cross-sectional images of the retina, provides qualitative and quantitative data on the retina. OBJECTIVES: To apply this technique to quantitatively assess retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) and macular ring thicknesses in healthy subjects and in patients with TAO to determine their relationship to the severity of the orbital disease...
May 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511490/primary-orbital-follicular-lymphoma-a-case-report-and-review
#4
G Lakshmi Prasad, Ajay Hegde, Girish Menon, Mary Mathew
Orbital Lymphomas (OL) constitute a heterogeneous group of lymphoproliferative disorders of the orbit. They are predominantly of the Mucosa-Associated Lymphoid Tissue (MALT) subtype. Radiotherapy is the mainstay of treatment in localized orbital tumours, while chemotherapy is reserved for systemic disease. Authors report a case of a primary orbital lymphoma of follicular subtype (stage 1E) in a 54-year-old female managed by surgery and adjuvant radiotherapy.
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510589/establishment-of-a-combination-scoring-method-for-diagnosis-of-ocular-adnexal-lymphoproliferative-disease
#5
Xiao-Li Qu, Yan Hei, Li Kang, Xin-Ji Yang, Yi Wang, Xiao-Zhong Lu, Li-Hua Xiao, Guang Yang
Lymphoproliferative diseases (LPDs) of the ocular adnexa encompass the majority of orbital diseases and include reactive follicular hyperplasia (RFH), atypical lymphoid hyperplasia (ALH), and mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma (MALToma). Lymphoid follicles (LFs) are usually observed during the histological examination of LPDs. Currently, because there is a lack of specific clinical signs and diagnostic immunohistochemical biomarkers, it is difficult for pathologists to distinguish MALToma from ocular RFH and ALH, which makes the clinical management of these conditions difficult...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509077/relationships-between-cognitive-impairment-on-adas-cog-and-regional-cerebral-blood-flow-using-spect-in-late-onset-alzheimer-s-disease
#6
Michio Takahashi, Yasunori Oda, Toshiyuki Okubo, Yukihiko Shirayama
The aim of this study was to examine brain hypoperfusion and its relationship with cognitive dysfunction in late-onset Alzheimer's disease (AD). Forty patients with late-onset AD and not receiving acetylcholinesterase inhibitors were recruited from outpatient clinics. We examined cognitive function using the Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale-cognitive subscale (ADAS-cog) and brain perfusion using single-photon emission computed tomography, and analyzed classified gyrus level segments with three-dimensional stereotactic surface projection and the stereotactic extraction estimation method level 3...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505269/new-mutations-in-non-syndromic-primary-ovarian-insufficiency-patients-identified-via-whole-exome-sequencing
#7
Liliana Catherine Patiño, Isabelle Beau, Carolina Carlosama, July Constanza Buitrago, Ronald González, Carlos Fernando Suárez, Manuel Alfonso Patarroyo, Brigitte Delemer, Jacques Young, Nadine Binart, Paul Laissue
STUDY QUESTION: Is it possible to identify new mutations potentially associated with non-syndromic primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) via whole-exome sequencing (WES)? SUMMARY ANSWER: WES is an efficient tool to study genetic causes of POI as we have identified new mutations, some of which lead to protein destablization potentially contributing to the disease etiology. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: POI is a frequently occurring complex pathology leading to infertility...
May 13, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505035/invasive-fungal-sinusitis-treatment-of-the-orbit
#8
Evan Kalin-Hajdu, Kristin E Hirabayashi, M Reza Vagefi, Robert C Kersten
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize diagnostic techniques for invasive fungal rhinosinusitis and provide a review of treatment options once disease has spread to the orbit. RECENT FINDINGS: Improved imaging criteria, polymerase chain reaction and other serologic tests show promise in advancing our ability to accurately diagnose invasive fungal disease. Currently, there exists three treatment options for infected orbital tissue: exenteration, conservative debridement and transcutaneous retrobulbar injection of amphotericin B...
May 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503142/brain-gray-matter-atrophy-after-spinal-cord-injury-a-voxel-based-morphometry-study
#9
Qian Chen, Weimin Zheng, Xin Chen, Lu Wan, Wen Qin, Zhigang Qi, Nan Chen, Kuncheng Li
The aim of this study was to explore possible changes in whole brain gray matter volume (GMV) after spinal cord injury (SCI) using voxel-based morphometry (VBM), and to study their associations with the injury duration, severity, and clinical variables. In total, 21 patients with SCI (10 with complete and 11 with incomplete SCI) and 21 age- and sex-matched healthy controls (HCs) were recruited. The 3D high-resolution T1-weighted structural images of all subjects were obtained using a 3.0 Tesla MRI system. Disease duration and American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) Scale scores were also obtained from each patient...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500433/the-effect-of-orbital-radiation-therapy-on-thyroid-associated-orbitopathy-complicated-with-dysthyroid-optic-neuropathy
#10
REVIEW
Yang Wang, Huifang Zhou, Xianqun Fan
Thyroid-associated orbitopathy (TAO) is an inflammatory autoimmune disorder. The most serious complication of TAO is dysthyroid optic neuropathy (DON), which can lead to permanent vision loss because of volume expansion in the orbital apex. Orbital radiation therapy (ORT) is an anti-inflammatory treatment used in the treatment of active TAO. Clinical studies support radiotherapy as having a modest effect on DON, and early radiotherapy may protect against disease progression to DON. Current studies suggest that radiotherapy is generally safe...
May 13, 2017: Frontiers of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496343/gastroenterologist-and-nurse-management-of-symptoms-after-pelvic-radiotherapy-for-cancer-an-economic-evaluation-of-a-clinical-randomized-controlled-trial-the-orbit-study
#11
Jake Jordan, Heather Gage, Barbara Benton, Amyn Lalji, Christine Norton, H Jervoise N Andreyev
BACKGROUND: Over 20 distressing gastrointestinal symptoms affect many patients after pelvic radiotherapy, but in the United Kingdom few are referred for assessment. Algorithmic-based treatment delivered by either a consultant gastroenterologist or a clinical nurse specialist has been shown in a randomized trial to be statistically and clinically more effective than provision of a self-help booklet. In this study, we assessed cost-effectiveness. METHODS: Outcomes were measured at baseline (pre-randomization) and 6 months...
2017: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495645/inflammatory-pseudotumour-of-the-infratemporal-fossa-visualized-with-18-f-fdg-pet-ct
#12
A Cabrera Villegas, B González Juez, J L Llorente Pendás, M C Albornoz Almada, P Santos Holgueras, I E Sanchez Rodriguez
The inflammatory pseudotumour of the head and neck is a benign lesion, extremely rare outside the cranial orbits. A case is presented of an inflammatory pseudotumour not associated with the IgG4-related disease. The pseudotumour was found as a solitary mass in the infratemporal fossa of a young woman who complained of otalgia and hearing loss. A clear image of the lesion was obtained using an (18)F-fluoro-deoxy-glucose ((18)F-FDG) PET. After the histopathological diagnosis, and treatment with corticosteroids, a second (18)F-FDG PET was performed...
May 8, 2017: Revista Española de Medicina Nuclear e Imagen Molecular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492870/radiologic-parameters-of-orbital-bone-remodeling-in-thyroid-eye-disease
#13
Nicholas Y Q Tan, Yuan-Yuh Leong, Stephanie S Lang, Zin M Htoon, Stephanie M Young, Gangadhara Sundar
Purpose: To radiologically examine for the presence of bony remodeling of the orbit in thyroid eye disease (TED). Methods: Computed tomography (CT) scans of 248 orbits of 124 patients with TED and 185 orbits of 138 controls were retrospectively reviewed, and the following parameters measured: the angle of the inferomedial orbital strut (AIOS), the angle of the medial wall (AMW), and the diameters of the extraocular muscles. The association of TED with the AIOS or AMW was analyzed with linear regression models, and the correlations between the AMW or AIOS measurements with the extraocular muscle measurements were determined...
May 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486594/apathy-and-impulsivity-in-frontotemporal-lobar-degeneration-syndromes
#14
Claire J Lansdall, Ian T S Coyle-Gilchrist, P Simon Jones, Patricia Vázquez Rodríguez, Alicia Wilcox, Eileen Wehmann, Katrina M Dick, Trevor W Robbins, James B Rowe
Apathy and impulsivity are common and disabling consequences of frontotemporal lobar degeneration. They cause substantial carer distress, but their aetiology remains elusive. There are critical limitations to previous studies in this area including (i) the assessment of either apathy or impulsivity alone, despite their frequent co-existence; (ii) the assessment of behavioural changes within single diagnostic groups; and (iii) the use of limited sets of tasks or questions that relate to just one aspect of these multifactorial constructs...
May 9, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484525/invasive-aspergillus-sinusitis-with-orbitocranial-extension
#15
Saleh S Baeesa, Rakan F Bokhari, Khalid B Alghamdi, Hisham B Alem, Jaudah A Al-Maghrabi, Tariq A Madani
CONTEXT: Invasive sinonasal aspergillosis is a silently progressive disease that, left untreated, may invade the adjacent intracranial and intra-orbital compartments incurring serious morbidity. AIM: To evaluate our results of a collaborative surgical management plans for patients with invasive sinonasal aspergillosis with orbitocranial extension. SETTING AND DESIGN: Retrospective study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between the years 2000 and 2012, 12 patients with Aspergillus sinusitis with orbitocranial extension were treated at our institution...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482758/lesions-caused-by-virulent-aeromonas-hydrophila-in-farmed-catfish-ictalurus-punctatus-and-i-punctatus-%C3%A3-i-furcatus-in-mississippi
#16
Wes A Baumgartner, Lorelei Ford, Larry Hanson
In 2009, a virulent strain of Aeromonas hydrophila caused severe disease and high mortalities (motile aeromonad septicemia variant [MASv]) in farmed channel catfish ( Ictalurus punctatus) and hybrid catfish ( I. punctatus × I. furcatus) in eastern Mississippi and Alabama. As is common in MAS, there is severe hemorrhagic dermatitis with ulceration, as well as abdominal hyperemia, petechiation, and mild ascites. Additional findings in MASv cases include panophthalmitis and orbital cellulitis, leading to ocular rupture, and brains are often hyperemic with mild random acute hemorrhage...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480156/complex-skull-base-reconstructions-in-kadish-d-esthesioneuroblastoma-case-report
#17
Sheri K Palejwala, Saurabh Sharma, Christopher H Le, Eugene Chang, Audrey B Erman, G Michael Lemole
Introduction Advanced Kadish stage esthesioneuroblastoma requires more extensive resections and aggressive adjuvant therapy to obtain adequate disease-free control, which can lead to higher complication rates. We describe the case of a patient with Kadish D esthesioneuroblastoma who underwent multiple surgeries for infectious, neurologic, and wound complications, highlighting potential preventative and salvage techniques. Case Presentation A 61-year-old man who presented with a large left-sided esthesioneuroblastoma, extending into the orbit, frontal lobe, and parapharyngeal nodes...
April 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479774/renal-medullary-carcinoma-with-an-ophthalmic-metastasis
#18
Christine Ibilibor, Allen Medway, Thomas Nelius
Renal medullary carcinoma (RMC) is a rare, aggressive primary renal malignancy that classically occurs in adolescent males with sickle cell trait and universally presents with metastatic disease at presentation. We report a case of medullary carcinoma in a young man with likely ophthalmic metastasis. We also review relevant literature available to date. The patient is a 20-year-old African-American male with a past medical history significant to for sickle cell trait who presented to the University Medical Center with cough and the right eye pain for 1 month as well as painless gross hematuria for 1 week...
April 2017: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472149/clinical-characteristics-of-moderate-to-severe-thyroid-associated-ophthalmopathy-in-354-chinese-cases
#19
Qian Li, Huijing Ye, Yungang Ding, Guo Chen, Zhichang Liu, Jianan Xu, Rongxin Chen, Huasheng Yang
Thyroid associated ophthalmopathy (TAO) is an autoimmune inflammatory disorder which disfigures appearance, threatens vision, and results in a pronounced loss of quality of life. The diversity and ethnic difference of the disease manifestations have made it difficult to tailor therapies for each patient. Few studies have analyzed its characteristics in Chinese populations. We therefore enrolled 354 patients with moderate-to-severe TAO from February 2015 to July 2016. A single ophthalmologist consistently performed detailed ophthalmic examinations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468203/antronasal-polyp-extending-to-orbital-fossa
#20
Hanifi Bayaroğullari, Gülen Burakgazi, Şemsettin Okuyucu
Sinonasal infections and nasal polyps can be taken as 2 components of a disease. Polyps due to chronic inflammations of nasal cavity and sinuses are not rare. They may present with various clinical signs and symptoms, while the secondary complications may cause serious problems. They are most commonly treated medically, although surgery is the therapy of choice in some conditions. The complications can be listed as mucocele formation, orbital inflammation, intracranial extension by erosion of the boney structures...
May 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
keyword
keyword
33118
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"