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osteosarcoma and herb

Fuad Al-Rimawi, Suzi Rishmawi, Sharehan H Ariqat, Mahmoud F Khalid, Ismail Warad, Zaidoun Salah
Tragopogon porrifolius, commonly referred to as white salsify, is an edible herb used in folk medicine to treat cancer. Samples of Tragopogon porrifolius plant grown wild in Palestine were extracted with different solvents: water, 80% ethanol, and 100% ethanol. The extracts were analyzed for their total phenolic content (TPC), total flavonoid content (TFC), and antioxidant activity (AA). Four different antioxidant assays were used to evaluate AA of the extracts: two measures the reducing power of the extracts (ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) and cupric reducing antioxidant power (CUPRAC)), while two other assays measure the scavenging ability of the extracts (2,2-azino-di-(3-ethylbenzothialozine-sulphonic acid (ABTS)) and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH))...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Chia-Chieh Wu, Yi-Fu Huang, Chen-Pu Hsieh, Pin-Ju Chueh, Yao-Li Chen
Ursolic acid (UA), a naturally occurring pentacyclic triterpene acid found in many medicinal herbs and edible plants, triggers apoptosis in several tumor cell lines but not in human bone cancer cells. Most recently, we have demonstrated that UA exposure reduces the viability of human osteosarcoma MG-63 cells through enhanced oxidative stress and apoptosis. Interestingly, an inhibitor of osteoclast-mediated bone resorption, zoledronic acid (ZOL), also a third-generation nitrogen-containing bisphosphonate, is effective in the treatment of bone metastases in patients with various solid tumors...
November 30, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Yong Jia, Hua Yuan, Shouqin Shan, Gang Xu, Jie Yu, Chenguang Zhao, Xiang Mou
Corosolic acid (CRA), a pentacyclic triterpene isolated from medicinal herbs, has been reported to exhibit anticancer properties in several cancers. However, the anticancer activity of CRA in osteosarcoma cells is still unclear. In the present study, the inhibitory effect of CRA in osteosarcoma MG-63 cells was investigated, and the results revealed that CRA significantly inhibited the viability of MG-63 cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner. A typical apoptotic hallmark such as DNA ladder was detected by agarose gel electrophoresis following treatment with CRA...
November 2016: Oncology Letters
Zhi-Ze Chen
BACKGROUND: Osteosarcoma is a malignant tumor with high mortality but effective therapy has not yet been developed. Berberine, an isoquinoline alkaloid component in several Chinese herbs including Huanglian, has been shown to induce growth inhibition and the apoptosis of certain cancer cells. The aim of this study was to determine the role of berberine on human osteosarcoma cell lines U2OS and its potential mechanism. METHODS: The proliferation effect of U20S was exanimed by 3-(4,5)-dimethylthiahiazo(-z-y1)-3,5-di- phenytetrazoliumromide (MTT) and the percentage of apoptotic cells were determined by flow cytometric analysis...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Chia-Chieh Wu, Chun-Hsiang Cheng, Yi-Hui Lee, Ing-Lin Chang, Hsin-Yao Chen, Chen-Pu Hsieh, Pin-Ju Chueh
Ursolic acid (UA), a naturally occurring pentacyclic triterpene acid found in many medicinal herbs and edible plants, has been shown to trigger apoptosis in several lines of tumor cells in vitro. We found that treatment with UA suppressed the viability of human osteosarcoma MG-63 cells and induced cell cycle arrest at sub-G1 and G2/M phases. Furthermore, exposure to UA induced intracellular oxidative stress and collapse of mitochondrial membrane permeability, resulting in the subsequent activation of apoptotic caspases 8, 9, and 3 as well as PARP cleavage, and ultimately apoptosis in MG-63 cells...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Yan Ge, Yishu Wang, Lei Pang, Lihong Zhang, Yingxian Zhai, Houlan Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of mistletoe alkali on human Osteosarcoma cells (U2OS) in vitro. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Osteosarcoma is the most common primary malignant tumor of bone tumor, although there are a lot of therapies such as surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy, its prognosis is still very poor. There is increasing interest in the protective biological function of natural antioxidants contained in Chinese medicinal herbs, which are candidates for the prevention of tumors...
April 25, 2016: International Surgery
Biyong Deng, Youwei Feng, Bixiang Deng
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Osteosarcoma (OS) is a primary malignant bone tumor in humans, and is notorious mainly for its distal metastases. We have recently shown that Shikonin, an effective constituent extracted from Chinese medicinal herb, inhibits OS cell invasion through suppression of matrix metalloproteinase 13 (MMP13). However, the underlying mechanisms remain unknown. METHODS: Here, we studied the levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha-induced protein 8-like 2 (TIPE2) in OS cells upon Shikonin treatment...
2015: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Xiaolong Yu, Xin Zhou, Changlin Fu, Qiang Wang, Tao Nie, Fan Zou, Runsheng Guo, Hucheng Liu, Bin Zhang, Min Dai
Celastrol is an active compound extracted from the root bark of Triptergium wilfordii Hook F., also known as ̔Thunder of God Vine̓. It is a well-known Chinese medicinal herb that was found to inhibit tumor cell growth and promote apoptosis in several tumor cell lines. However, research into its effects on osteosarcoma cell apoptosis is still extremely limited. The present study was undertaken to determine the effect of celastrol on viability and apoptosis of osteosarcoma cells and furthermore, to illuminate the molecular mechanism of celastrol-induced osteosarcoma cell apoptosis...
September 2015: Oncology Reports
Biyong Deng, Bing Qiu
Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common primary malignant bone tumor, notorious for its metastasis. We have recently shown that shikonin, an effective constituent extracted from Chinese medicinal herb, induces necroptosis in OS cells. Nevertheless, the effects of low-dose shikonin on the invasiveness of OS cells are unknown. Here, we showed that shikonin dose-dependently decreased OS cell invasiveness in both scratch wound healing assay and transwell cell migration assay. Moreover, the direct target of shikonin on cell invasiveness was found to be matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-13...
December 2015: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Chi-Wen Chou, Ya-Wen Cheng, Chung-Hung Tsai
OBJECTIVE: Bamboo is distributed worldwide, and its different parts are used as foods or as a traditional herb. Recently, antitumoral effects of bamboo extracts on several tumors have been increasingly reported; however, antitumoral activity of bamboo extracts on osteosarcoma remains unclear. In the present study, we investigated effects of an aqueous Phyllostachys edulis leaf extract (PEE) on osteosarcoma cells and the underlying mechanism of inhibition. METHODS: The growth of human osteosarcoma cell lines 143 B and MG-63 and lung fibroblast MRC-5 cells was determined by MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assay...
2014: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
Haw-Young Kwon, Kyoung-Sook Kim, Hyun-Kyu An, Hyung-In Moon, Hyun-Jun Kim, Young-Choon Lee
Triptolide, a diterpene derived from Tripterygium wilfordii Hook f., a Chinese medicinal herb, has been reported to inhibit cell proliferation and induce apoptosis in various human cancer cells, but its anticancer effects on human osteosarcoma cells have not yet been elucidated. In this study, we investigated whether triptolide induces apoptosis in human osteosarcoma cells and the underlying molecular mechanisms. We firstly demonstrated that triptolide inhibited cell growth and induced apoptosis in U2OS cells...
December 2013: Indian Journal of Biochemistry & Biophysics
Xiao-fang Wang, Jun Wang
AIM: To explore whether icaritin, a prenylflavonoid derivative of the Chinese tonic herb Epimedium, could suppress the proliferation of human osteosarcoma cells in vitro, and to elucidate the mechanisms of the action. METHODS: Human osteosarcoma SaOS2 cell line was used in the present study. The proliferation of the cells was examined using MTT assay and immunofluorescence DAPI staining. Cell motility was studied with the scratch assay. Cell apoptosis was determined by Annexin V-FITC and PI double staining using flow cytometry...
April 2014: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
Di Yu, Shilong Fu, Zhifei Cao, Meimei Bao, Gaochuan Zhang, Yanyan Pan, Wenming Liu, Quansheng Zhou
Uncontrolled cell proliferation and robust angiogenesis play critical roles in osteosarcoma growth and metastasis. In this study we explored novel agents derived from traditional Chinese medicinal herbs that potently inhibit osteosarcoma growth and metastasis. Coptisine, an active component of the herb Coptidis rhizoma, markedly inhibited aggressive osteosarcoma cell proliferation. Coptisine induced cell cycle arrest at the G0/G1 phase through downregulation of CDK4 and cyclin D1 expression and effectively suppressed tumor growth in a xenografted mouse model...
May 2, 2014: Toxicology Letters
Ken Y Z Zheng, Zhen X Zhang, Crystal Y Q Du, Wendy L Zhang, Cathy W C Bi, Roy C Y Choi, Tina T X Dong, Karl W K Tsim
Danggui buxue tang, an ancient formula composed of astragali radix and Angelicae sinensis radix, has been used for treating menopausal irregularity in women for more than 800 years in China. In danggui buxue tang, the complete functions of astragali radix require the assistance of Angelicae sinensis radix, and both herbs have to work harmoniously in order to achieve the maximal therapeutic purposes. In order to analyze the relationship of the two herbs, the role of ferulic acid, a major chemical within Angelicae sinensis radix, in chemical and biological properties of astragali radix was determined...
February 2014: Planta Medica
Yue-Hui Zhang, Hai-Dong Li, Bo Li, Sheng-Dan Jiang, Lei-Sheng Jiang
Panax ginseng is a Chinese medicinal herb. Ginsenosides are the main bioactive components of P. ginseng, and ginsenoside Rg3 is the primary ginsenoside. Ginsenosides can potently kill various types of cancer cells. The present study was designed to evaluate the potential genotoxicity of ginsenoside Rg3 in human osteosarcoma cells and the protective effect of ginsenoside Rg3 with respect to N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG)-induced DNA damage and apoptosis in a normal human cell line (human fibroblasts)...
February 2014: Oncology Reports
Zeze Fu, Biyong Deng, Yuxin Liao, Liancheng Shan, Fei Yin, Zhuoying Wang, Hui Zeng, Dongqing Zuo, Yingqi Hua, Zhengdong Cai
BACKGROUND: Osteosarcoma is the most frequent primary malignant bone tumor, notorious for its lung metastasis. Shikonin, an effective constituent extracted from Chinese medicinal herb, was demonstrated to induce necroptosis in some cancers. METHODS: MTT assay was performed to detect cell survival rate in vitro. Flow cytometry was used to analyze cell cycle and cell death. Western blot was performed to determine the expression levels of RIP1, RIP3, caspase-3, caspase-6 and PARP...
December 6, 2013: BMC Cancer
Wen-Ji Shangguan, He Li, Yue-Hui Zhang
Ginsenosides, extracted from the traditional Chinese herb ginseng, are a series of novel natural anticancer products known for their favorable safety and efficacy profiles. The present study aimed to investigate the cytotoxicity of ginsenoside Rf to human osteosarcoma cells and to explore the anticancer molecular mechanisms of ginsenoside Rf. Five human osteosarcoma cell lines (MG-63, OS732, U-2OS, HOS and SAOS-2) were employed to investigate the cytotoxicity of ginsenoside Rf by MTT and colony forming assays...
January 2014: Oncology Reports
Yong Zhang, Siguo Sun, Jun Chen, Pengcheng Ren, Yunsheng Hu, Zhuo Cao, Honghui Sun, Yong Ding
The cytostatic drug from traditional Chinese medicinal herb has acted as a chemotherapeutic agent used in treatment of a wide variety of cancers. Oxymatrine, classified as a quinolizidine alkaloid, is a phytochemical product derived from Sophora flavescens, and has been reported to possess anticancer activities. However, the cancer growth inhibitory effects and molecular mechanisms in human osteosarcoma MNNG/HOS cell have not been well studied. In the present study, the cytotoxic effects of oxymatrine on MNNG/HOS cells were examined by MTT and bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) incorporation assays...
February 2014: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Heng Wang, Ji Wen Zhou, DA Hua Fu, Yang Zhou, Wen Zhao Cheng, Zhi-Li Liu
Gynura procumbens is a traditional herb used for the treatment of inflammation, rheumatism and viral infections, although the antitumor effect and its potential mechanisms of action remain unclear. In the present study, the antitumor effect of Gynura procumbens ethanolic extract (GPE) on the osteosarcoma (OS) cell line, U2-OS, was investigated in vitro. Cell proliferation and apoptosis were measured by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) and flow cytometry assays, respectively...
July 2013: Oncology Letters
Yi-Ting Lin, An-Cheng Huang, Chao-Lin Kuo, Jai-Sing Yang, Yu-Hsuan Lan, Chien-Chih Yu, Wen-Wen Huang, Jing-Gung Chung
This research focused on a Chinese herb medicine, Solanum lyratum Thunb (Solanaceae) by ethanol extracts (SLE) for investigating the molecular anticancer mechanism in vitro for exploring the means of cell death through the effects on mitochondrial function. We found that SLE induced cytotoxic effects in human osteosacroma U-2 OS cells, and these effects include cell morphological changes, a decrease of the percentage of viable cells and induction of apoptosis. The results suggest that cell death induced by SLE is closely related to apoptosis based on the observations of DAPI staining and sub-G1 phase in U-2 OS cells...
2013: Nutrition and Cancer
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