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infectious endocarditis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803167/igg4-related-disease-a-new-etiology-underlying-diffuse-intracranial-dilating-vasculopathy
#1
Evan S Marlin, Davis Dornbos, Daniel S Ikeda, Norman L Lehman, Ciarán J Powers
BACKGROUND: Diffuse intracranial aneurysmal vasculopathy is a rare condition, previously described in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. IgG4 related disease (IgG4-RD) is a recognized inflammatory disease of systemic organs, leading to fibrosis of connective tissues. It has also been linked to inflammatory dilating aortic aneurysms, coronary vascular disease, hypophysitis, orbital pseudotumor and pachymeningitis. It has not yet been described as a cause of diffuse intracranial dilating vasculopathy...
August 9, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761204/isolation-and-detection-of-erysipelothrix-rhusiopathiae-and-its-distribution-in-humans-and-animals-by-phenotypical-and-molecular-methods-in-ahvaz-iran-in-2015
#2
Pariya Ahmadi Balootaki, Mansour Amin, Farkhondeh Haghparasti, Farokh Rokhbakhsh-Zamin
BACKGROUND: Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae (E. rhusiopathiae) is generally transmitted into the gastrointestinal tract of animals by the intake of contaminated food or water and causes great economic loss in agriculture worldwide. Some of the Erysipelothrix spp. are the causative agents of erysipeloid, which is an occupational infection in humans. The aim of the present study was to isolate E. rhusiopathiae from animals as well as the hands of the butchers working in Ahvaz, Iran, and to determine their susceptibility to antibiotics...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724879/infectious-complications-in-patients-with-cardiac-implantable-electronic-devices-risk-factors-prevention-and-prognosis
#3
Anna Polewczyk, Wojciech Jacheć, Aneta Maria Polewczyk, Andrzej Tomasik, Marianna Janion, Andrzej Kutarski
INTRODUCTION    Cardiac device infections (CDI) are still a significant problem. The knowledge of risk factors for CDI is crucial both for preventing infections and reducing mortality. OBJECTIVES    The assesment of the risk factors and long term survival of patients with CDI. PATIENTS AND METHODS    The clinical data of 1837 patients (40.9% CDI) undergoing transvenous leads extraction (TLE) at a single institution from 2006 to 2015 was analyzed. We compared the clinical and procedure-related factors for all types of CDI: isolated pocket infection (IPI), isolated lead-related infective endocarditis (ILRIE) and PI+LRIE...
July 19, 2017: Polish Archives of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721638/contribution-of-echocardiography-in-the-diagnosis-of-definitive-infective-endocarditis-the-infectious-disease-specialist-s-point-of-view
#4
B Davido, A Moussiegt, A Dinh, O Senard, L Deconinck, O Auzel, X Repesse, M Sirol, M Morgan, J Salomon
In 1994, the original Duke criteria introduced the usefulness of echocardiography for the diagnosis of definitive infective endocarditis (IE). Recently, the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) highlighted the need of complementary imaging to support the diagnosis of embolic events and cardiac involvement when echocardiography findings are negative or doubtful. We decided to study the usefulness of transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography (TTE/TEE) for the diagnosis of definitive IE in patients who already benefited from complementary investigations...
July 18, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683356/scintigraphic-imaging-of-staphylococcus-aureus-infection-using-99m-tc-radiolabeled-aptamers
#5
Sara Roberta Dos Santos, Camila Maria de Sousa Lacerda, Iêda Mendes Ferreira, André Luís Branco de Barros, Simone Odília Fernandes, Valbert Nascimento Cardoso, Antero Silva Ribeiro de Andrade
Staphylococcus aureus is a specie of great medical importance associated with many infections as bacteremia and infective endocarditis as well as osteoarticular, skin and soft tissue, pleuropulmonary, and device related infections. Early identification of infectious foci is crucial for successful treatment. Scintigraphy could contribute to this purpose since specific radiotracers were available. Aptamers due to their high specificity have great potential for radiopharmaceuticals development. In the present study scintigraphic images of S...
June 28, 2017: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674033/haemophilus-parainfluenzae-strain-atcc33392-forms-biofilms-in-vitro-and-during-experimental-otitis-media-infections
#6
Bing Pang, W Edward Swords
Haemophilus parainfluenzae is a nutritionally fastidious, Gram-negative bacterium with an oropharyngeal/nasopharyngeal carriage niche that is associated with a range of opportunistic infections, which include infectious endocarditis and otitis media (OM). These infections are often chronic/recurrent in nature and typically involve bacterial persistence within biofilm communities that are highly resistant to host clearance. This study addresses the primary hypothesis that H. parainfluenzae forms biofilm communities that are important determinants of persistence in vivo The results from in vitro biofilm studies confirmed that H...
July 3, 2017: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672417/-infections-as-a-cause-of-unexplained-fever
#7
Bernd Salzberger, Gabriele Birkenfeld, Michael Iberer, Florian Hitzenbichler
Fever of unexplained (or unknown) origin (FUO) remains a relevant clinical problem even with modern diagnostic methods. In addition to the classical definition, new categories of FUO describe different clinical situations: nosocomial FUO, FUO in neutropenic/immundeficient patients and FUO in patients with HIV-infection. The new categories are defined by much shorter duration of fever, i. e. mostly three days. Each category of FUO shows a different spectrum of infectious diseases. Often, subacute bacterial endocarditis is very difficult to verify...
July 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671788/-therapeutic-news-in-infective-endocarditis
#8
Stella Marchetta, Alessandra Iovino, Patrizio Lancellotti, Luc Piérard
The European recommendations for the management of infective endocarditis have been updated in 2015. The therapeutic modalities depend on both a better prevention in high-risk population, a faster diagnosis through new approaches in medical imaging, and interdisciplinary collaboration by an « endocarditis team. » Treatment involves antimicrobial therapy which can be complex, initially empirical and then targeted, depending on local infectious epidemiology, and whether the infringement affects a native or a prosthetic valve...
August 24, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645272/prosthetic-joint-infection-caused-by-granulicatella-adiacens-a-case-series-and-review-of-literature
#9
Fanny Quénard, Piseth Seng, Jean-Christophe Lagier, Florence Fenollar, Andreas Stein
BACKGROUND: Bone and joint infection involving Granulicatella adiacens is rare, and mainly involved in cases of bacteremia and infectious endocarditis. Here we report three cases of prosthetic joint infection involving G. adiacens that were successfully treated with surgery and prolonged antimicrobial treatment. We also review the two cases of prosthetic joint infection involving G. adiacens that are reported in the literature. CASE PRESENTATION: Not all five cases of prosthetic joint infection caused by G...
June 23, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638578/a-rare-case-of-aerococcus-urinae-infective-endocarditis
#10
Harsha Tathireddy, Sahitya Settypalli, John J Farrell
Introduction:Aerococcus urinae is a rare cause of infective endocarditis. Aerococcus is a gram positive cocci that is easily misidentified as Staphylococci or Streptococci. The true incidence rate of this pathogen is likely underestimated. Recent advances in laboratory diagnostic methods with matrix-associated laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS) have lead to increased recognition of this pathogen in the clinical microbiology lab, and awareness as a cause of infective endocarditis in the infectious disease community...
March 2017: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611838/endovascular-embolization-of-intracranial-infectious-aneurysms-in-patients-undergoing-open-heart-surgery-using-n-butyl-cyanoacrylate
#11
Esteban Cheng-Ching, Seby John, Mark Bain, Gabor Toth, Thomas Masaryk, Ferdinand Hui, Muhammad Shazam Hussain
INTRODUCTION: Mycotic aneurysms are a serious complication of infective endocarditis with increased risk of intracranial hemorrhage. Patients undergoing open heart surgery for valve repair or replacement are exposed to anticoagulants, increasing the risk of aneurysm bleeding. These patients may require endovascular or surgical aneurysm treatment prior to heart surgery, but data on this approach are scarce. METHODS: Retrospective review of consecutive patients with infectious endocarditis and mycotic aneurysms treated endovascularly with Trufill n-butyl cyanoacrylate (n-BCA) at the Cleveland Clinic between January 2013 and December 2015...
March 2017: Interventional Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607014/np108-an-antimicrobial-polymer-with-activity-against-methicillin-and-mupirocin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus
#12
Derry K Mercer, Laura K Katvars, Fiona Hewitt, Daniel W Smith, Jennifer Robertson, Deborah A O'Neil
Staphylococcus aureus is a clinically significant human pathogen that causes infectious diseases ranging from skin and soft tissue infections (SSTI), healthcare associated infections (HAI) to potentially fatal bacteraemia and endocarditis. Nasal carriage of S. aureus, especially persistent carriage, is associated with an increased risk of subsequent infection, particularly nosocomial and surgical site infections (SSI), usually via autoinfection. NP108 is a cationic antimicrobial polymer composed of Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) amino acid building blocks...
June 12, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605339/anti-mrsa-activity-of-fruiting-body-extracts-of-spectacular-rustgill-mushroom-gymnopilus-junonius-agaricomycetes
#13
Stephanie Barneche, Silvana Alborés, Graciela Borthagaray, María Pía Cerdeiras, Alvaro Vázquez
Despite the great advances in chemotherapeutics, infectious diseases are still one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Among some of the clinically relevant pathogens, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) ranks as one of the most difficult bacteria to treat. It is a common cause of skin, soft-tissue, and endovascular infections, as well as pneumonia, septic arthritis, endocarditis, osteomyelitis, and sepsis. The research on Basidiomycota is extensive; many species show a broad spectrum of pharmacological activities, including antimicrobial activity...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600328/multicenter-experience-evaluating-transcatheter-pulmonary-valve-replacement-in-bovine-jugular-vein-contegra-right-ventricle-to-pulmonary-artery-conduits
#14
Brian H Morray, Doff B McElhinney, Younes Boudjemline, Marc Gewillig, Dennis W Kim, Elena K Grant, Martin L Bocks, Mary H Martin, Aimee K Armstrong, Darren Berman, Saar Danon, Mark Hoyer, Jeffrey W Delaney, Henri Justino, Athar M Qureshi, Jeffery J Meadows, Thomas K Jones
BACKGROUND: Follow-up of transcatheter pulmonary valve replacement (TPVR) with the Melody valve has demonstrated good short-term and long-term outcomes, but there are no published studies focused on valve performance in the Contegra bovine jugular vein conduit. METHODS AND RESULTS: This is a retrospective, multicenter study of the short- and intermediate-term outcomes of Melody TPVR within the Contegra conduit in the right ventricle to pulmonary artery position...
June 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594786/hospitalizations-for-endocarditis-and-associated-health-care-costs-among-persons-with-diagnosed-drug-dependence-north-carolina-2010-2015
#15
Aaron T Fleischauer, Laura Ruhl, Sarah Rhea, Erin Barnes
Opioid dependence and overdose have increased to epidemic levels in the United States. The 2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health estimated that 4.3 million persons were nonmedical users of prescription pain relievers (1). These users are 40 times more likely than the general population to use heroin or other injection drugs (2). Furthermore, CDC estimated a near quadrupling of heroin-related overdose deaths during 2002-2014 (3). Although overdose contributes most to drug-associated mortality, infectious complications of intravenous drug use constitute a major cause of morbidity leading to hospitalization (4)...
June 9, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578609/an-unusual-agent-for-an-unusual-localization-of-infective-endocarditis
#16
Jens Litmathe, Rene Fussen, Alexander Heinzel, Marguerite Müller, Christoph Sucker, Lachmandath Tewarie, Manuel Dafotakis
We report on a 32-year-old male patient with acute left-hemispheric stroke caused by embolism due to infective endocarditis affected from the HACEK group. Additionally, atypical findings from the transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) which showed fluttering structures belonging to the papillary muscle could be proven as infectious agents with the help of a glucose positron emission tomography (PET) scan. TEE controls showed increasing vegetation involving the mitral valve so that surgery became necessary. The current work reflects, in detail, the emergent clinical course of this young patient, suffering from both an unusual localization and an infrequent cause of endocarditis and focuses on an actual view to the literature...
June 1, 2017: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574530/quality-of-care-of-hospitalized-infective-endocarditis-patients-report-from-a-tertiary-medical-center
#17
Mohammad Amin Kashef, Jennifer Friderici, Jaime Hernandez-Montfort, Auras R Atreya, Peter Lindenauer, Tara Lagu
OBJECTIVE: There have been no recent studies describing the management and outcomes of patients with infective endocarditis (IE). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of adult patients admitted to a tertiary medical center from 2007 to 2011 with a Duke criteria consistent discharge diagnosis of IE. We examined concordance with guideline recommendations. Outcomes included embolic events, inhospital and 1-year mortality, length of stay (LOS) and cardiac surgery...
June 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558086/acute-heart-failure-registry-risk-assessment-model-in-decompensated-heart-failure
#18
Anne Delgado, Bruno Rodrigues, Sara Nunes, Rui Baptista, Bruno Marmelo, Davide Moreira, Pedro Gama, Luís Nunes, Oliveira Santos, Costa Cabral
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) is a highly prevalent syndrome. Although the long-term prognostic factors have been identified in chronic HF, this information is scarcer with respect to patients with acute HF. despite available data in the literature on long-term prognostic factors in chronic HF, data on acute HF patients are more scarce. OBJECTIVES: To develop a predictor of unfavorable prognostic events in patients hospitalized for acute HF syndromes, and to characterize a group at higher risk regarding their clinical characteristics, treatment and outcomes...
December 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522577/shorter-leukocyte-telomere-length-is-associated-with-higher-risk-of-infections-a-prospective-study-of-75-309-individuals-from-the-general-population
#19
Jens Helby, Børge G Nordestgaard, Thomas Benfield, Stig E Bojesen
In the general population, older age is associated with short leukocyte telomere length and with high risk of infections. In a recent study of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation for severe aplastic anemia, long donor leukocyte telomere length was associated with improved survival in the recipients. These findings suggest that leukocyte telomere length could possibly be a marker of immune competence. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that shorter leukocyte telomere length is associated with higher risk of infectious disease hospitalization and infection-related death...
August 2017: Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496492/infective-endocarditis-report-from-a-main-referral-teaching-hospital-in-iran
#20
Behrooz Heydari, Iman Karimzadeh, Hossein Khalili, Esfandiar Shojaei, Abdolrasool Ebrahimi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present preliminary study was to assess the demographic, clinical, paraclinical, microbiological, echocardiographic, and therapeutic profile as well as in-hospital outcome of patients with infective endocarditis at a referral center for various infectious diseases in Iran. METHODS: Required demographic, clinical, plausible complications and paraclinical data were collected from patients' medical charts. Echocardiographic findings were obtained by performing transthoracic and/or transesophageal echocardiography as clinically indicated...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
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