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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765210/percutaneous-kyphoplasty-combined-with-zoledronic-acid-infusion-in-the-treatment-of-osteoporotic-thoracolumbar-fractures-in-the-elderly
#1
Chen Shi, Mi Zhang, An-Yuan Cheng, Zi-Feng Huang
Objective: We studied the efficacy of zoledronic acid (ZOL) infusion on radiographic and clinical outcomes after percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) for elderly patients with osteoporotic thoracolumbar fractures (osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures [OVCFs]). Materials and methods: We retrospectively analyzed 95 elderly patients (age >65 years) with OVCF. All patients were followed up for 2 years. Thirty-two patients were treated with only once-yearly 5 mg ZOL infusion (ZOL group), 34 patients with only PKP (PKP group) and 29 patients received ZOL infusion 3 days after PKP (PKP+ZOL group)...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746329/descemet-membrane-endothelial-keratoplasty-after-penetrating-keratoplasty-features-for-success
#2
Adi Einan-Lifshitz, Avner Belkin, Nir Sorkin, Zale Mednick, Tanguy Boutin, Ishrat Gill, Mohammad Karimi, Clara C Chan, David S Rootman
PURPOSE: To evaluate Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) in the setting of failed penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) and to identify factors associated with DMEK success and failure after PKP. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of patients who underwent DMEK for failed PKP at Toronto Western Hospital, Canada, between 2014 and 2017 was performed. Demographic characteristics, number of previous transplants, intraoperative and postoperative complications, best spectacle-corrected visual acuity (BSCVA), and endothelial cell density were analyzed...
May 8, 2018: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715322/clinical-analysis-of-fungal-keratitis-in-patients-with-and-without-diabetes
#3
Jing Dan, Qingjun Zhou, Hualei Zhai, Jun Cheng, Lei Wan, Cheng Ge, Lixin Xie
We compared the clinical characteristics, treatments, and prognoses of fungal keratitis in patients with and without diabetes. Patients diagnosed with fungal keratitis at Shandong Eye Institute between January 2010 and December 2016 were retrospectively reviewed and classified as diabetic and nondiabetic groups. One-hundred-and-eleven patients (111 eyes) with diabetes and 740 patients (740 eyes) without diabetes were included. The diabetic patients showed significantly older (p< 0.05) and lower male:female ratio (p<0...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705009/cataract-surgery-after-deep-anterior-lamellar-keratoplasty-and-penetrating-keratoplasty-in-age-and-disease-matched-eyes
#4
Seika Den, Shigeto Shimmura, Jun Shimazaki
PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy and safety of cataract surgery after deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) and penetrating keratoplasty (PKP). SETTING: Tokyo Dental College Ichikawa General Hospital, Chiba, Japan. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Age-matched and disease-matched eyes that had phacoemulsification and intraocular lens insertion after DALK or PKP were studied. Graft clarity was assessed at the final follow-up...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681841/triamcinolone-acetonide-assisted-descemetectomy-for-retained-descemet-membrane
#5
Ariel Tyring, Oliver Chang, Hoon Jung
We present a case of decreased vision due to the presence of retained Descemet membrane (DM) following Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) and penetrating keratoplasty (PKP). A 78-year-old male presented postoperatively from PKP after previous failed DSAEK with retained DM. We present a unique technique for combined surgical resection using bimanual vitrectomy and forceps excision assisted by triamcinolone acetonide for membrane visualization. Histopathological evaluation confirmed incomplete DM removal during the PKP...
January 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662771/therapeutic-effects-analysis-of-percutaneous-kyphoplasty-for-osteoporotic-vertebral-compression-fractures-a-multicentre-study
#6
Huilin Yang, Liang Chen, Zhaomin Zheng, Guoyong Yin, William W Lu, Genlin Wang, Xuesong Zhu, Dechun Geng, Jun Zhou, Bin Meng, Haiqing Mao, Tao Liu, Junjie Niu, Tiansi Tang, Jun Zou
Background: Percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP), a minimally invasive treatment, has been widely used for osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs). Objective: To retrospectively analyse the therapeutic effects of PKP using a series of key techniques in a multicentre study. Methods: From May 2000 to December 2016, PKP was performed using a series of key techniques (puncture, reduction, and perfusion techniques) for the treatment of 4532 OVCF patients...
October 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Translation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588238/surgery-for-multi-segment-thoracolumbar-mild-osteoporotic-fractures-revised-the-assessment-system-of-thoracolumbar-osteoporotic-fracture
#7
Jin Peng Du, Ji Jun Liu, Yong Fan, Jia Nan Zhang, Yan Sheng Huang, Jing Zhang, Dingjun Hao
OBJECTIVE: The assessment system of thoracolumbar osteoporotic fracture (ASTLOF), which can effectively guide the treatment of single-segmental thoracolumbar osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCF) but fail to guide the treatment of multi-segmental thoracolumbar mild osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (MSTMOVCF). The current study focused on this problem. METHODS: A prospective case series study was designed to enroll elderly patients with MSTMOVCF who have been treated with PKP/PVP from June 2013 to June 2016...
March 24, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580956/the-use-of-miltefosine-in-the-management-of-refractory-acanthamoeba-keratitis
#8
Shokufeh Tavassoli, Miranda Buckle, Derek Tole, Peter Chiodini, Kieren Darcy
Acanthamoeba keratitis (AK) is a sight threatening infection most commonly affecting contact lens wearers. The authors report a case of intractable A.polyphaga and A.castellanii, with extensive intraocular spread, managed using oral miltefosine. A 59-year old male contact lens wearer was referred to the tertiary corneal service at Bristol Eye Hospital. Vision was hand movements on the left and 6/6 on the right. Clinical examination was consistent with left AK (confirmed by corneal scrape). Management included biguanide (polyhexamethylene biguanide (PHMB) 0...
March 23, 2018: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564359/femtosecond-laser-assisted-astigmatic-keratotomy-a-review
#9
REVIEW
John S M Chang
Background: Astigmatic keratotomy (AK) remains an accessible means to correct surgically induced or naturally occurring astigmatism. The advantages of femtosecond laser-assisted astigmatic keratotomy (FSAK) over conventional methods have been recognized recently. Main text: This review evaluates the efficacy, complications, and different methods of FSAK for correction of astigmatism in native eyes and those that underwent previous penetrating keratoplasty (PKP)...
2018: Eye and Vision (London, England)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561435/comparison-of-high-and-low-viscosity-cement-in-the-treatment-of-vertebral-compression-fractures-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Zhao-Fei Zhang, He Huang, Shuai Chen, Dong-Hua Liu, Yong-Hui Feng, Chun-Liang Xie, Feng Jiao
BACKGROUND: High-viscosity cement (HVC) has been gradually applied in percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) and percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP). Although HVC has been reported to reduce cement leakage, different opinions exist. To assess the complications of HVC in cement leakage in the treatment of vertebral compression fractures and to evaluate the clinical effect of HVC compared with low-viscosity cement (LVC). METHODS: EMBASE, PubMed, Science Direct, Google Scholar and Cochrane Library databases were comprehensively searched from their inception to August 2017...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503960/a-case-of-fungal-keratitis-and-endophthalmitis-post-penetrating-keratoplasty-resulting-from-fungal-contamination-of-the-donor-cornea
#11
Koji Kitazawa, Koichi Wakimasu, Kazuhito Yoneda, Bernie Iliakis, Chie Sotozono, Shigeru Kinoshita
Purpose: Fungal infections post keratoplasty due to contamination of the donor corneal graft have become important issues that need to be addressed. Here we report a case of fungal keratitis and endophthalmitis post penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) due to fungal contamination of the donor corneal graft. Observations: We present a 52-year-old male who underwent PKP with a donor corneal graft that was later found to be contaminated with fungus. At 4-weeks postoperative, infectious infiltrates suddenly appeared at the border between the host and donor corneal graft, and endophthalmitis concomitantly occurred...
April 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464371/risk-factor-analysis-for-re-collapse-of-cemented-vertebrae-after-percutaneous-vertebroplasty-pvp-or-percutaneous-kyphoplasty-pkp
#12
Yong-Xian Li, Dan-Qing Guo, Shun-Cong Zhang, De Liang, Kai Yuan, Guo-Ye Mo, Da-Xing Li, Hui-Zhi Guo, Yongchao Tang, Pei-Jie Luo
PURPOSE: Re-collapse of cemented vertebrae occasionally occurs after percutaneous augmentation. However, the potential risks still remain unclear. Several articles have reported some possible risk factors which were not consistent or comprehensive. This study aimed to make a retrospective review on patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF) after percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) or percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) and to further analyse the risk factors for treated vertebral refracture...
February 20, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463783/comparison-of-percutaneous-kyphoplasty-and-bone-cement-augmented-short-segment-pedicle-screw-fixation-for-management-of-k%C3%A3-mmell-disease
#13
Yan-Sheng Huang, Ding-Jun Hao, Hang Feng, Hai-Ping Zhang, Si-Min He, Chao-Yuan Ge, Xing-Bang Niu
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) and bone cement-augmented short segmental fixation (BCA+SSF) for treating Kümmell disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS Between June 2013 and December 2015, 60 patients were treated with PKP or BCA+SSF. All patients were followed up for 12-36 months. We retrospectively reviewed outcomes, including Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), visual analogue scale (VAS), and kyphotic Cobb angle. RESULTS VAS, ODI, and Cobb angle, measured postoperatively and at the final follow-up, were lower than those measured preoperatively in both groups (P<0...
February 21, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455485/-risk-factors-of-non-surgical-vertebral-fracture-after-percutaneous-kyphoplasty-of-single-segment-thoracolumbar-fracture
#14
Jian Wu, Yue-Hong Guan, Sheng-Li Fan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the risk factors of non-surgical vertebral fracture after percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) in patients with single segment thoracolumbar osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture(OVCF). METHODS: The clinical data of 219 patients with single segment thoracolumbar osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture underwent percutaneous kyphoplasty from January 2010 to December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 29 cases in non-surgical vertebral body fracture group with 7 males and 22 females aged (67...
September 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455481/-mid-term-follow-up-and-coping-strategies-of-bone-cement-leakage-after-percutaneous-kyphoplasty
#15
Qi-Cai Sun, Xuan-Liang Ru, Bai-Shan Song, Qun-Li Duanmu
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively analyze the clinical data of 17 patients with bone cement leakage after percutaneous kyphoplasty and explore the leakage type and mid-term clinical effects. METHODS: The clinical data of 17 patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures occurred bone cement leakage after percutaneous kyphoplasty from October 2011 to October 2016 were collected. There were 7 males and 10 females, aged from 68 to 87 years old with an average of 78 years...
September 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436059/outcomes-of-penetrating-keratoplasty-following-autologous-cultivated-limbal-epithelial-stem-cell-transplantation
#16
Gustavo S Figueiredo, Borja Salvador-Culla, Oliver J Baylis, Hardeep S Mudhar, Majlinda Lako, Francisco C Figueiredo
The purpose of this study is to investigate the outcomes of penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) following autologous cultivated limbal epithelial stem cell transplantation (CLET). A prospective, single center, interventional cohort study investigating patients with unilateral total limbal stem cell deficiency (LSCD) treated with CLET who underwent PKP. Patients with confirmed corneal re-epithelialization > 6 months post-CLET, and with best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) <0.3 logMAR were offered PKP. CLET survival assessed by slit lamp, corneal impression cytology (CIC), and in vivo confocal microscopy...
February 13, 2018: Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419526/descemet-stripping-automated-endothelialkeratoplasty-dsaek-versus-repeat-penetrating-keratoplasty-pkp-to-manage-eyes-with-failed-corneal-graft
#17
Abdulrahman Khairallah
BACKGROUND: Failed corneal graft management is a challenge. Descemet stripping automated endothe.lial keratoplasty (DSAEK) and repeat penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) are two options. Only two studies have compared outcomes of DSAEK and PKP in the management of a failed graft. OBJECTIVE: To compare the visual outcomes, changes in intraocular pressure (IOP) and complications in eyes with failed corneal grafts that were subsequently managed with DSAEK and PKP. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study...
January 2018: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417777/-effect-of-different-bone-cement-dispersion-types-in-the-treatment-of-osteoporotic-vertebral-compression-fracture
#18
Yong-Sheng Zhao, Qiang Li, Qiang Li, Yan-Ping Zheng
OBJECTIVE: To observe different bone cement dispersion types of PVP, PKP and manipulative reduction PVP and their effects in the treatment of senile osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures and the bone cement leakage rate. METHODS: The clinical data of patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures who underwent unilateral vertebroplasty from January 2012 to January 2015 was retrospectively analyzed. Of them, 56 cases including 22 males and 34 females aged from 60 to 78 years old were treated by PVP operation; Fouty-eight cases including 17 males and 31 females aged from 61 to 79 years old were treated by PKP operation; Forty-three cases including 15 males and 28 females aged from 60 to 76 years old were treated by manipulative reduction PVP operation...
May 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417773/-mid-and-long-term-clinical-effects-of-percutaneous-kyphoplasty-with-two-methods-for-vertebral-fragility-fracture-in-the-elderly
#19
Hua-Jun Yu, Gou-Ping Ma, Qiao-Feng Guo, Xiao-Wen Zhang, Chun Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the middle-long-term clinical effects of unilateral and bilateral percutaneous kyphoplasty(PKP) for vertebral fragility fracture in the elderly. METHODS: The clinical data in elderly patients with vertebral fragility fracture treated by unilateral and bilateral PKP between January 2008 and January 2010 was retrospective analyzed. According to a unified criteria to divided into two groups for 104 patients(44 males and 60 females), of them, 50 cases were divided in unilateral group using unilateral pedicle surgical approach for PKP and 54 cases were in bilateral group using bilateral pedicle approach...
May 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360046/knowledge-of-performance-feedback-among-boys-with-adhd
#20
Jason C Bishop, Luke E Kelly, Michael Hull
BACKGROUND: Children with attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often experience delays in acquiring competence completing fundamental motor skills. The effects of augmented prescriptive knowledge of performance feedback (PKP) have not been explored as a possible component solution. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to test the motor learning effects of KP among boys with ADHD. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Thirty-one boys with ADHD, randomly selected into either a treatment or a control group, completed a series of cornhole games...
March 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
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